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mined upon a hundred interrogatories, nay, and exam- withstanding the decrease of persons who attended the ined of the whole course of their lives." This abuse court, is worthy of observation. An account, signed by was afterwards to a certain extent checked, but not Wolsey and others, and now amongst the Lansdowne remedied. If the defendant refused to answer the inter MSS., furnishes a statement of the expense of seventeen rogatories, he was committed until he consented to do dinners given to the lords of the council in the year 1509. so.

The examination was secret, the defendant was not The whole expense amounted to 351. Os. 5d., which allowed the assistance or advice of any one, nor was he averaged about 21. ls. 2d. for every dinner. Another beforehand made acquainted with the nature of the in- paper, in the hand-writing of Lord Burleigh, gives the terrogatories; each one being read separately, and an following statement: answer demanded before he was made acquainted with Anno 1559, the ordinary charge for a dynar, 41. 108. or bl. 98. the next interrogatory. The defendant having passed

8 0 or 10 0 his examination, might obtain license to depart upon


17 0 or 18 0 appointing an attorney to attend the suit in his absence, In the above account of the practice of the court, we and engaging to be present at the hearing of the cause. have abridged Mr. Bruce's clear and admirable descrip

After this, the parties proceeded to examine witnesses tion, in which he cites numerous authorities for his stateupon interrogatories. The examination was taken pri- ments. Respecting the punishments inflicted by the vately, in nearly the same manner as is adopted at the court, he says: present day in our courts of equity. The parties were Every punishment, except death, was assumed to be not allowed to examine the witnesses with a view of im- within the power of the court. Excluded from sentencing peaching their credit. The court might be applied to, capitally, they seem to have given themselves up to the upon exceptions to the testimony of witnesses, and their infliction of meaner and more cruel punishments, heaping credit examined in that manner; the witnesses for the them one upon another, until their meaning and character plaintiff were, however, greatly favoured. In the fourth

were lost. They do not seem to have considered that dis

grace, which is the essence of mean punishments, is produced of Elizabeth, Lord Viscount Bindon was fined 1001. for

more effectually by the infliction of one, than of many; and calling a man who deposed against him “a knave." that when several different punishments are awarded, their The king might give the testimony either orally or by accumulation tends rather to dignify the punishment, than writing under his signet. The judges might give tes disgrace the offender. If the complaint were founded upon timony either by certificate under their hands, or upon a precise statute, which was very seldom the case, the court oath. All other persons delivered their testimony upon

awarded the punishment inflicted by the statute; but if the oath.

offence were against the statute, but the bill not grounded The cause being ready for determination, it was en

upon the statute, “they use most commonly to impose a

greater fine and more grievous punishment than the statute, tered in a list of cases, and the defendant was sum and seldom or never lesse, unlesse the statute be somewhat moned to hear the judgment of the court.

antiquated.” The court sat during term time for the hearing of Mr. Bruce then quotes, from the Hargrave manucauses, two or three times in every week. The number

scripts, an instance in illustration of this practice:of the conncil who attended the court, is said in the

The statute of 5 Elizabeth, c. 14, punisheth the forging of reigns of Henry the Seventh and Henry the Eighth to false deeds with double damages to the partie grieved; imhave been nearly forty, of whom seven or eight were prisonment during life, pillory, cutting off both ears, slitting prelates.

nostrils, and forfeiture of all his goods and profits of all his In the reign of Elizabeth, the peers who were not

lands during his life; and the publisher of such deedes privy councillors ceased to attend, which greatly les

(knowing the same to be forged) with like double damages, sened the number of the court, although upon some im

pillory, cutting off one ear, and imprisonment for a year. portant occasions in the reign of Charles the First, the

The Starre Chamber will adde, upon the forger, a fine to the

value of all his estate, whipping, wearing of papers through attendance amounted to twenty-four and upwards. Westminster Hall, letters to be seared in his face with hote

The chancellor proceeded to the sittings of the court irons, and to the publisher, likewise a great fine, and longer in great state, his mace and seal being carried before imprisonment, not to be released until hee find sureties for him. He was the supreme judge, and alone sat with his good behaviour, and the like. head uncovered. The clerks of the court stood by him;

This catalogue of judicial terms (says Mr. Bruce) comand his servants attended within the court. Upon im

prehends at one view all the ordinary punishments of the portant occasions, persons who wished to get convenient.

Star Chamber. In John Lilburn's case-I trust it was a places went there by three in the morning. The chan

solitary one-gagging was had recourse to, in order to stop

his outcries in the pillory; and, in other cases, a savage and cellor called upon the counsel at the bar to speak, and, cold blooded ingenuity was exercised in the discovery of upon admitting the suit, appcinted the counsel. The novel inflictions. For instance, one Traske, à poor

fanatic chief justices generally attended; and the chancellor had who taught the unlawfulness of eating swine's flesh, was the power of commanding the attendance of any of the sentenced to be imprisoned and fed upon pork. I think it other judges, or that of the members of the council. might be shown that most of these infamous punishments Upon all motions he was the mouth of the court, to give Henry the Eighth, and grew into common practice under

were introduced during the reigns of Henry the Seventh and the rule or order; the appointing of hearings, the ad

Elizabeth. Whipping seems to have been introduced by mission of attorneys, and other duties, were afterwards

Lord Keeper Puckering.

In the early instances entrusted to the clerk of the court.

there was a moderation in fines; but latterly they were Upon the trial of causes, the parties were heard by inflicted in excess, not according to the estate of the delintheir counsel; the examinations of the witnesses were quent, but in proportion to the supposed character of the read, and the members of the court proceeded, in great offence,“ the ransom of a beggar and a gentleman being all silence, to deliver their opinions. They spoke in order,


In the reigns of Henry the Seventh and from the inferior upwards, the archbishop always pre- the habit of attending the court, and their “song,” says

Henry the Eighth it was not so. The clergy were then in ceding the chancellor. In the case of equality of voices, Hudson, “was of mercy.” It ought to be remembered, that of the chancellor was decisive. He alone had the

to the honour of Archbishop Whitgift, that he seems to power of assessing damages, and awarding costs, and he have struggled against the increasing barbarities and oppresalone could discharge persons sentenced to imprisonment sions of this judicature. “I well remember," says Hudson, during pleasure.

“ that he did ever constantly maintain the liberty of the After the sitting of the court, the lords, together with Free Charter, that men ought to be fined, salvo contenemento, the clerk of the council, dined in the inner Star Cham- and in many years never gave any sentence but therein he ber at the public expense. The cost of these dinners

did mitigate in something the acrimony of those that spake

before him." seems to have been a matter of consideration with Lord Burleigh, and the gradual increase of the expense, not




. “THE LEWIS.” There is many an ingenious contrivance adopted in almost every art or trade, the origin of which it would be extremely difficult to ascertain. Thus the simple but beautiful little apparatus called the Lewis, used by the mason in hoisting large blocks of stone, is commonly supposed to have been the invention of an ingenious French mechanic, employed in the magnificent works of Louis the Fourteenth, and had its name given by way of compliment to that monarch.

It appears, however, from an examination of many of the beautiful ruins of our country, so rich in these relics of a former age and state of society, that a machine answering all the purposes of the Lewis, was known long before the age of Louis the Fourteenth. This discovery was made some years ago, by Mr. Gibson, while examining the ruins of Whitby Abbey. It will first be necessary to say a few words respecting the origin of this establishment, referring the reader for further particulars to Saturday Magazine, Vol. III. p. 25.

Whitby Abbey was originally founded under the name of the Monastery of Streanshall, in the year 658, by Oswy, king of Northumberland, whose kinswoman, Hilda, superintended its erection, and was the first abbess. The monastery was afterwards plundered and set on fire by the Danes. It lay in a ruinous state until the reign of William Rufus, when a church was erected on the ancient site by William de Percy, a powerful Norman baron, who endowed it with considerable grants of land, which, with many civil and religious privileges, were afterwards confirmed by Henry the First and Pope Honorius the Second. After the Reformation, the church was abandoned,

Fig. 2 and it long continued to be one of the most beautiful ruins of this country. In the year 1762, the body or nave of the church, resting on sixteen well-proportioned pillars, unable to resist the violence of a storm blowing full upon it from the north, fell to the ground; yet such was the excellence of the cement, that the pillars and arches, hardly disjointed, remain prostrate in nearly their original forms.

On carefully examining some of the stones as they lay on the ground, especially the key-stones of the arches, some of which weigh nearly a ton and a half each, Mr. Gibson was surprised to see, in the crown of each, a cavity in many respects similar to those cut into large blocks of stone, for the purpose of raising them by the Lewis.

“At the piers of this part," says Mr. Gibson, “ this machine is highly useful in raising stones of six, and even ten tons weight. That the holes in the key-stones of Whitby Abbey were cut for similar purposes, hardly admits a doubt; but the machine must have been of a Such of our readers as have the opportunity would do somewhat different form, and perhaps less powerful than well to pursue this interesting inquiry by examining the that used at present, yet it might have been capable of stones of any ancient ruined buildings to which they may raising a block of four tons, larger than any stones we have access. see used in our ancient buildings.”

The modern form of the Lewis is shown in fig. 1, Men in great place are thrice servants; servants of the where a a represent two distinct parts of the machine, sovereign or state, servants of fame, and servants of busiperforated at their heads to receive the bolt e d. These ness; so as they have no freedom, neither in their persons are inserted by hand into the cavity formed in the stone, nor in their actions, nor in their times. It is a strange deand between them the part b is inserted, which pushes

sire to seek power and to lose liberty; or to seek power over their points out to the sides of the stone, and fills the

others, and to lose power over a man's self. The rising into

place is laborious, and by pains men come to greater pains; cavity. c is the ring of the Lewis on which the tackle is

and it is sometimes base, and by indignities, men come to hooked: each end of this is likewise perforated to receive

dignities. The standing is slippery, and the regress is either the bolt, which enters at d, and forelocks at e.

a downfall, or at least an eclipse, which is a melancholy Fig. 2 is the supposed form of the machine used at the thing. Certainly great persons had need to borrow other erection of Whitby Abbey.

men's opinions to think themselves happy; for if they In forming this cavity, the part a has been left appa judge by their own feeling, they cannot find it: but if they rently as a guide to point the two principal members, de,

think of themselves what other men think of them, and that of the machine to their destined places, where they are

other men would fain be as they are, then they are happy

as it were by report, when perhaps they find the contrary secured by the intervention of a third part b, perforated

within; for they are the first that find their own griefs, at the head to receive, in conjunction with cd ef, the 'though the last that find their own faults.-Bacon. forelock bolt.


SOME ACCOUNT OF THOMAS WILSON, D.D., | Germain, Isle of Man, April 11th, 1698. The prayer BISHOP OF SODOR AND MAN.

which he composed on this occasion, may serve as a

proof of his genuine and apostolic piety. This venerable and exemplary prelate was born at Bur In an humble and thankful sense of 'l'hy great goodness ton, in the county of Chester, December the 20th, 1663; to a very sinful and very unworthy creature, I look up to and, as he says in his manuscript diary, "of honest Thee, o gracious Lord and Benefactor, who from a low parents, fearing God.”

obscurity hast called me to this high office, for grace and Great care was taken of his education; and, after a

strength to fit me for it. What am I, or what is iny fa

ther's house, that Thou shouldest vouchsafe in such instances preparatory course of study, he was sent to Trinity Col- of Thy notice and favour? “I am not worthy of the least lege, Dublin, where he made great proficiency in acade- of all Thy mercies which Thou hast showed unto Thy mical learning. He was ordained deacon in the year servant." 1686, and was soon afterwards licensed to the curacy of O God, grant that by a conscientious discharge of my New Church, in the parish of Winwick, in Lancashire, duty, I may profit those over whom I am appointed Thy of which Dr. Sherlock, his maternal uncle, was then minister, that I may make such a return as may be acceptrector. His stipend was no more than thirty pounds a

able to Thee. Give me such a measure of Thy Spirit as year; but being an excellent economist, and having the all the difficulties I shall meet with. Command a blessing

shall be sufficient to support me under, and lead me through, advantage of living with his uncle, this small income

on my studies, that I may make full proof of my ministry, was not only sufficient to supply his own wants, but it and be instrumental in converting many to the truth. enabled him to administer to the wants of others; and Give me skill and conduct, that with a pious, prudent, and for this purpose he set apart one tenth of his income. charitable hand, I may lead and govern the people comHe was admitted to priest's orders in the year

1689. mitted to my care ; that I may be watchful in ruling them, It was not long before Mr. Wilson's religious deport- earnest in correcting them, fervent in loving them, and ment and amiable conduct in private life recommended patient in bearing with them. him to the notice of William, earl of Derby; who, in

Let Thy grace and blessing, O Father of mankind, rest the year 1692, appointed him his domestic chaplain, and upon all those whom I bless in Thy name ; and especially

those who, together with me, are appointed to watch preceptor to his son James, lord Strange, with a salary over Thy flock.' Bless every member of this church, supof thirty pounds a year. He was soon after elected port the weak, confirm and settle those that stand, and feed master of the alms-house at Latham, which brought him our flock, together with ourselves, through Jesus Christ, in twenty pounds a year more.

He had now an income

the chief shepherd. far beyond his expectation, and as far beyond his wishes, Lord, canst enable the meanest of l'hy creatures to bring to

Lord, who is sufficient for so great a work? Thou, O except as it increased his ability to do good: and we find that he now set apart one fifth of his income for pass what Thou hast determined; be pleased to make me

an instrument of great good to this church and people; and pious uses, and particularly for the poor.

grant that, when I have preached to and governed them, I He appears to have entertained, from the very first, a myself may not be lost or go astray. Preserve me from the deep sense of his responsibility and obligations as a danger of a prosperous condition, from pride, and from forminister of the Gospel. It was his practice to devote the getfulness of Thee; from a proud conceit of myself, and anniversaries of his ordination to the exercises of espe- from disdaining others. Rather turn me out of all earthly cial meditation and prayer, with reference to the holy heaven. It affliction be needful for me, let me not want

possessions, than they should hinder me in my way to office which he continued to sustain: and the good resolutions which he formed on those occasions were not fatherly correction, that after this life is ended in Thy

it; only give me grace thankfully to receive and bear Thy suffered to remain ineffectual. When he was ordained immediate service,'I may have a place of rest among Thy priest, he resolved never to accept of two church livings faithful servants in the paradise of God, in sure hopes of a with cure of souls, though never so conveniently seated. blessed resurrection, through Jesus Christ. Amen. Amen. He also resolved, that whenever it should please God to On his arrival at his bishopric, Dr. Wilson found the bless him with a parish and cure of souls, he would reside palace in a state of great dilapidation ; and was put to a upon it himself; and when he was put to the trial, by great expense in order to render it habitable. On this Lord Derby's offering him the valuable living of Baddes occasion he writes : “ It having pleased God to bring me worth, in Yorkshire, (his lordship intending that he to the bishopric of Man, I find the house in ruins, which should still continue wi him as his chaplain and tutor obliges me to interrupt my charity to the poor, in some to his son,) he refused to accept this preferment, as being measure.” This interruption was, however, of short inconsistent with “the resolve of his conscience against duration, and the bishop's beneficence ever afterwards non-residence."

increased with his income. In the year 1697, the Earl of Derby, strongly im About this time the Earl of Derby again offered him pressed with admiration of Mr. Wilson's integrity and the living of Baddesworth, to hold in commendam, protruly Christian deportment, offered him the bishopric of bably as a compensation for the dilapidations on his of Sodor and Man. This offer, however, Mr. Wilson bishopric; but this our conscientious prelate refused, as modestly declined; alleging that he was unequal to, as utterly inconsistent with his duty, and with the obligawell as unworthy of, so great a charge. And thus the tion he had formerly laid himself under, of never taking matter rested, until Dr. Sharp, archbishop of York, two ecclesiastical preferments with cure of souls, “especomplained to King William that a bishop was wanted cially," he says, "when I must necessarily be absent in his province to fill the see of Man, and urged the from one of them; and of which resolution it does not necessity of such an appointment. In consequence of yet repent me that I have made it." this intimation, the king sent for the Earl of Derby, and On the 27th of October, in the same year, he married told him that he expected an immediate nomination of a Mary, daughter of Thomas Pallen, Esq., of Warrington, bishop for the see of Man, and that if his lordship by whom he had four children. It is delightful to delayed it any longer, he should take the liberty of observe, by the entries in his memorandum book, with filling up the vacancy himself. Under these circum- what pious feelings he entered on the holy estate of stances, Lord Derby insisted upon his chaplain's accept- matrimony; and how wise and fervent were the petitions ing the preferment; and accordingly Mr. Wilson was, to which he offered at the throne of grace when he had use his own expression, “ forced into the bishopric;" a become a father. post for which he was, in all respects, eminently qualified. In the good bishop the poor of the island found a He was created Doctor of Laws; and was consecrated great and useful benefactor. Those who could weave by the Archbishop of York, assisted by the Bishops of or spin, found the best market at Bishop's Court, where Chester and Norwich.

they bartered the produce of their labour for corn. Bishop Wilson was enthroned in the cathedral of St. Tailors and shoemakers were kept in the house, con


stantly employed, to make into garments, or shoes, the may hope that our people will not be corrupted with novel cloth or leather which the bishop's corn had purchased ; opinions. Now the most effectual way to prevent this

will and the aged and infirm were supplied according to their be, for all of us that are appointed to watch over the flock several wants. The bishop took great pains in order to

of Christ to employ our thoughts, our zeal, and our time, in find out the most deserving objects of charity; and when promoting true piety; in labouring to make men good ; and

in converting sinners from the error of their ways, that we he was told of its having been bestowed amiss, “ It may may preserve the power, as well as the form, of godliness. be so," he said, “ but I would rather give to ten un In a word, there ever was more need than now, of hearkenworthy, than that one deserving object should go away ing to the apostle's advice and exhortation to the elders of without relief.”

Ephesus, to take heed unto ourselves, and to the flock over During the fifty-eight years of his pastoral life, which the Holy Ghost hath made us overscers; to ourselves, except on occasion of sickness, Bishop Wilson never

lest we give any just occasion of offence; and to our flock,

lest they be infected with novel opinions, contrary to faith failed on a Sunday to expound the Scripture, preach the

and godliness. Gospel, or administer the sacrament, at some one or

We come now to a circumstance which displays the other of the churches of his diocese; and if absent from

laudable zeal and exemplary fidelity with which the the island, he always preached at the church of the bishop discharged the duties of his sacred office, while parish where he resided for the day. When in London, it exhibits his fortitude under persecution for righteoushe was generally solicited to preach for some one or ness' sake. Mrs. Horne, the wife of the governor of other of the public charities, being much followed and

the island, having wantonly traduced the character of admired: and many who heard him have remarked the

certain parties, was sentenced by the bishop, before great beauty of his prayer before the sermon, particu- whom the affair had been formally brought, to ask parlarly when he offered up prayer for those who never

don of those whom she had injured. This she refused pray for themselves.

to do, and treated the bishop and his authority, as well His family prayers were as regular as his public

as the ecclesiastical constitution of the island, with conduties: every summer morning at six, and every winter tempt. For this indecent disrespect to the laws of the morning at seven, the family attended him to their Church, ecclesiastical censure was pronounced, which devotions in his chapel; and in the evening they did the

banished the offender from the Sacrament, until satisfacHe kept a diary, in which he recorded specialtion should be made. The archdeacon, however, who favours enjoyed in extraordinary deliverances, and mer

was chaplain the governor, received her at the comciful visitations, and chastisements which he experienced. munion, contrary to the custom of the Church. The

In the year 1703, Bishop Wilson obtained an Act of bishop, who would have forgiven an insult to himself, Settlement, which was the means of some essential bene

could not tolerate this disobedience to the Church and fits to his diocese ; and in the same year he published a its laws. He, at length, suspended the archdeacon, set of Ecclesiastical Constitutions, so well adapted to maintain a primitive and wholesome discipline in the metropolitan, threw himself on the civil power; and the

who, instead of appealing to the Archbishop of York, as Church, that Lord Chancellor King was led to declare, “If the ancient discipline of the Church were lost, it gally, fined him fifty pounds, and his two vicars-general,

governor, under pretence that the bishop had acted illemight be found in all its purity in the Isle of Man." On the 5th of September, 1 704, the bishop accompa- twenty pounds each.

who had been officially concerned in the suspension,

This fine they all refused to pay, nied Mrs. Wilson, who had been for some

ne in a

as an arbitrary and unjust imposition; upon which the declining state of health, to Warrington, for the benefit

governor sent a party of soldiers to seize their persons, of her native air; where he continued with her until, in

and, on the 29th of June, 1722, committed them to the spring of the following year, she resigned her soul

close confinement in the castle of Rushen. into the hands of her Creator and Redeemer, with a

The people, hearing of the insult thus offered to their hope full of immortality. His prayers during this period beloved instructor, pastor, and friend, assembled in of severe trial abound with religious sentiment, and crowds, and were with difficulty restrained from pulling Christian resignation. He felt as a man, but he did not

down the governor's house; but they were diverted sorrow as one without hope ; and, while he consoled himself with the thoughts of future happiness, which his sion of the bishop, who was permitted to speak to them

from their purpose by the mild behaviour and persuabeloved partner had been summoned to enjoy, he felt through a grated window, or to address them from the that serenity of mind which ·none but a Christian can

walls of the prison, whence he blessed and exhorted experience in the hour of affliction.

hundreds of them daily, telling them that he meant to On the 3rd of March, 1707, the bishop was made appeal unto Cæsar, meaning the king. The bishop and Doctor in Divinity, in full convocation, at Oxford; and

his vicars-general remained in prison for the space of on the 11th of June following, the same honour was

two months, and were treated during that time with the decreed him by the university of Cambridge. About

utmost indignity and harshness. the same time, he was admitted a member of the Society

The king in council afterwards reversed all the profor Promoting Christian Knowledge.

ceedings of the officers of the island, declaring them to In the year 1711, this excellent prelate went to Lor

oppressive, arbitrary, and unjust; but as no costs could don for the despatch of some business relating to the be granted, the expenses of the trial fell very heavy on Isle of Man; when he was favourably noticed by Queen the bishop, although he was assisted by a subscription Anne, before whom he preached. Her Majesty offered to the amount of nearly four hundred pounds. The him an English bishopric, but he declined the favour,

bishop was advised by his solicitor to prosecute the saying that, with the blessing of God, he could do some

governor and others in the English courts of law, to good in the little spot where he resided; but if he were

recover damages, as a compensation for his great exremoved into a wider sphere he might be lost, and

penses; but to this he could not be persuaded. He had forget his duty to his flock and to God.

established the discipline of the Church, and he sincerely In a Convocation Charge, delivered June 9, 1720, the

and charitably forgave his persecutors. Nay, one of the bishop directed his censures against some books, which,

most inveterate of them being afterwards confined for if they were not designed to destroy the Christian reli

debt, the bishop visited and administered comfort to gion itself, were certainly meant to set aside all form, him. The king offered him the bishopric of Exeter, to ceremony, and even practice of devotion; and more espe reimburse him; but he could not be prevailed on to quit cially to debase the office of the clergy.

his diocese. His majesty, therefore, promised to defray We have power and authority, (said he,) both from his expenses out of the privy purse; but, as he went God and the laws, to rebuke gainsayers; and while we are soon afterwards to Hanover, and died before his return, unanimous and faithful in the discharge of our duty, we this promise never was fulfilled.

After this, the bishop persevered in the faithful dis- | mathematician, an excellent botanist, and, if we view him charge of his episcopal duties, and in devising and car as a farmer, we find that by a judicious and successful rying into effect various plans for the benefit of his cultivation of the ecclesiastical demesnes, which before clergy, and of the people. In 1740 there was a great his coming to the island produced little or nothing, he scarcity of corn in the Isle of Man. When the supply in a few years fed and clothed the poor

of his diocese. was almost exhausted, the bishop, together with the He was so charitable and “ready to distribute," that it Duke of Athol, contracted for two ship-loads: this pro was not unaptly observed by a gentleman of the island vision arrived just in time to save the people of the who knew him well, that “he kept beggars from everyisland from absolute famine; yet the poor could not body's door but his own." He always kept an open even then obtain it, in consequence of the highness of hospitable table, furnished in a plentiful, but not exirathe price. Our good and charitable prelate, however, vagant manner. As the friendly host or master of assisted them. In a letter to his son, he says, “ What I that table he was entertaining and agreeable, as well as give at home to poor people, I give gratis; having, instructive; his manners, though always consistently through God's blessing, about one hundred and fifty adorned with Christian gravity, were ever gentle and poWinchester bushels to spare. But my method in the lite. He was the divine, the scholar, and the gentleman. four towns has been, to buy it ai the market price, He often on a Sunday visited the different parishes of his which is high enough indeed, and to order it to be sold diocese, without having given any previous notice; and at half prime cost, but only to poor people, and not after doing the duty of the day returned to Bishop's Court above two pecks to any one body.

to dinner; and this he did, after he was eighty years of Some time about the year 1744, the bishop formed a age, on horseback. Four times in every year he made plan for translating the New Testament into the Manx a general visitation, inquiring into the behaviour and language. He did not live to see further progress made conduct of all the parishioners, and exhorting them to in this great work, than the translation of the Gospels the practice of religion and virtue. And at his annual and the printing of St. Matthew. This, however, was convocation, he delivered his charges with all the grace afterwards completed by his successor, Bishop Hildes- and dignity which suit the solemnity of such addresses. ley, and the clergy, assisted by the Society for Promot- We may, perhaps, most suitably sum up his character ing Christian Knowledge.

by saying that he was a bishop “blameless as the It has been already mentioned, that Queen Anne steward of God, not self-willed, not soon angry, not would have given him an English bishopric. King given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre; but George the First made him the same offer; and, in a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, 1735, Queen Caroline was very desirous of keeping him holy, teniperate, holding fast the faithful word as he had in England; but he was so fond of his flock, and so been taught, and able, by sound doctrine, both to exhort attached to his diocese, that no offer could remove him. and convince the gainsayers."

In the exercise of Christian virtues, and the practice of pastoral duties, this venerable prelate attained the ninety-third year of his age, and the fifty-eighth of his | By the repeated attempts of a man to convince others, he consecration. He gently expired on the 7th of March, convinces us that he is convinced himself. 1755. The tenants about his demesnes were the persons appointed to bear the bishop to his grave; but

Since the generality of persons act from impulse, and not

from reason, men are neither so good, nor so bad, as we from the palace to the church, a distance of two miles, the funeral was attended by all the inhabitants of the

are apt to imagine them.-Guesses at Truth, island as mourners, except those whom necessity, age, or sickness confined at home. At every resting-place,

TRUST IN GOD. there was a contest among the crowd to bear the coffin

Thou art, O Lord, my only trust, on their shoulders; and happy were they who could pay

When friends are mingled with the dust, this last sad office to the deceased bishop, their beloved

And all my loves are gone. friend and sincere benefactor.

When earth has nothing to bestow, The writings of Bishop Wilson, relating chiefly to

And every flower is dead below, practical religion, are numerous and valuable. Some of

I look to Thee alone. his Sermons, his Sacra Privata, and Preparation for

Thou wilt not leave, in doubt and fear, the Lord's Supper, are, at present, most generally known

The humble soul who loves to hear and used.

The lessons of Thy word. His character cannot be reviewed without profit, as

When foes around us thickly press, well as delight, by any one who has a taste for the beau:

And all is danger and distress, ties of real godliness, and a wish to be adorned by them.

There's safety in the Lord. Having the precepts of his Divine Master constantly

The bosom friend may sleep below before him, with the lives and writings of the Apostles,

The churchyard turf, and we may go and primitive Christian Fathers, he from them laid down

To close a loved one's

eyes: his plan of life, and steadily copied their example. He

They will not always slumber there; was an excellent classical scholar, and understood He

We see a world more bright and fair, brew well. In the younger part of his life he had a

A home beyond the skies. poetical turn, but afterwards he laid aside such amuse

And we may feel the bitter dart, ments, thinking them inconsistent with his episcopal

Most keenly rankling in the heart, character. He had studied and practised physic with

By some dark ingrate driven :
For some time after he settled in the Isle of

For us revenge can never burn;
Man, he was the only physician in it, keeping a shop of

We pity, pardon, then we turn

And rest our souls in heaven: drugs for general use, which he distributed, as well as his advice, gratis; but when some gentlemen of the fa

'Tis Thou, O Lord, who shield'st my head culty came, he gave up to them that part of the practice

And draw'st Thy curtains round my bed; which alone could conduce to their emolument, and

I sleep secure in Thee.

And, O, may soon that time arrive, reserving the poor to himself. He instructed young

When we before Thy face shall live candidates for orders, and maintained them at home

Through all eternity.-PERCIVAL. under his own immediate care; nor did he ordain them, until he found, on a strict and careful examination, that they were perfectly well qualified. He was an able Joun W. PARKER, PUBLISHER, West STRAND, Londox.

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