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to time, towards sunrise, subterraneous sounds resembling | snowy heights, had any share in vibrating tnese mounthose of the organ. The missionaries call these stones loxas tain chords; but on a subsequent visit, a few days afterde musica. “It is witchcraft, said our young Indian pilot. wards, when I went alone to explore this wild scenery, and We never ourselves heard these mysterious sounds, either at the same hour stood on the same spot, I listened in vain åt Carichana Vieja, or in the Upper Orinoco; but, from for the moaning sounds; the air was equally calın, but the information given us by witnesses worthy of belief, the sun was hidden by clouds, and a cap of dense mist hung existence of a phenomenon that seems to depend on a cer over the greater portion of the mountain. tain state of the atmosphere, cannot be denied. The shelves of rock are full of very narrow and deep crevices. They

OMNIPRESENCE. are heated during the day to about 50%. I often found

THERE is an unseen Power around, their temperature at the surface, during the night, at 399, the surrounding atmosphere being at 28°. It may easily be

Existing in the silent air; conceived that the difference of temperature between the

Where treadeth man—where space is foundsubterraneous and the external air attains its maximum

Unheard, unknown, that Power is there. about sun-rise, or at that moment which is at the same time

And not when bright and busy day farther from the period of the maximum of the heat of the

Is round us with its crowds and cares; preceding day. May not these sounds of an organ, then,

And not when night, with solemn sway, which are heard when a person sleeps upon the rock, his

Bids our hushed souls breathe forth in prayers; ear in contact with the stone, be the effect of a current of Not when on sickness' weary couch air that issues out through the crevices? Does not the

He writhes with pain's deep long-drawn groan; impulse of the air against the elastic spangles of mica that Not when his steps in freedom touch intercept the crevices contribute to modify the sounds ? The fresh green turf, is man alone. May we not admit that the ancient inhabitants of Egypt, In proud Belshazzar's gilded hall, in passing incessantly up and down the Nile, had made the 'Mid music, lights, and revelry, same observation on some rocks of the Thebaid, and that That present Spirit looked on all, the music of the rocks there led to the jugglery of the priests From crouching slave to royalty in the statue of Memnon.”

When sinks the pious Christian's soul, By a curious coincidence it happened, that Messrs. And scenes of horror daunt his eye, Jomard, Jollois, and Devilliers, who were travelling in He hears it whispered through the air, Egypt nearly about the same time that Baron Hum

A Power of Mercy still is nigh. boldt was exploring the South American wilds, heard at The Power that watches, guides, defends, sunrise in a monument of granite, situated near the

Till man becomes a lifeless sodcentre of the spot on which the Palace of Carnac stands,

Till earth is nought-nought earthly friends ; a noise resembling that of a breaking string, the very

That Omnipresent Power is God!-Anon, terms which Pausanias applies to the sound in the statue


In book learning there is always a danger that the thing An interesting example of sound from granite rocks, signified may not be discerned through the sign. A child is recorded by an anonymous writer in the Edinburgh may acquire words instead of thoughts. To the young, the New Philosophical Journal. In the autumn of 1828, truth (bare before the sight, palpable to the touch, embodied this gentleman, when on a tour through Les Hautes in forms which the senses realize,) has a charm which no Pyrenées, formed one of a party quitting Bagnères de mere words can convey, until they are recognised as the Luchon at midnight with an intention of reaching the sign of the truth, which the mind comprehends. The heights of the Porte de Venasque, one of the wildest

natural features of the country, its drainage, soils, agricul

ture, the causes which have affected the settlement of its and most romantic boundaries between the French and

inhabitants and its institutions, the circumstances which Spanish frontier, from the summit of which the specta- have assisted in the formation of the national character, and tor looks at once upon the inaccessible ridges of the have thus made the history of the country, are more clearly Maladetta the most lofty point of the Pyrenean range. apprehended by lessons gathered in the presence of facts After winding through the deep woods and ravines con scattered over hill and valley. England is so rich in hisstantly ascending above the valley of Luchon, the party

torical recollections, and in the monuments by which the gained the Hospice about two o'clock in the morning,

former periods of her history are linked with the present and after remaining there a short time, proceeded with

time, that it would seem to be a not unimportant duty of the first blush of dawn to encounter the very steep

the educator to avail himself of such facts as lie within the

range of his observation, in order that the historical knowgorge, terminating in the pass itself, a narrow vertical

ledge of his scholars may be associated with these records, fissure through a inassive wall of perpendicular rock. marking the progress of civilization in his native country.

It is not my intention to detail the features of the mag In all that relates to the external phenomena of the nificent scene which burst upon our view as we emerged world, the best book is nature, with an intelligent interfrom this splendid portal, and stood upon Spanish ground, preter'; and what concerns the social state of man may be - neither to describe the feelings of awe which rivetted us best apprehended after lessons in the fields, the ruins, the to the spot, as we gazed in speechless admiration on the mansions, and the streets within the range of the school. lone, desolate, and (if the term may be applied to a moun- | Lessons on the individual objects prepare the mind for tain) the ghastly form of the appropriately-named Mala- generalizations, and for the exercise of faith in its proper detta. I allude to it solely for the purpose of observing province. Elementary schools in which word-teaching only that we were most forcibly struck with a dull, low, moan exists, do not produce earnest and truthful men. He who ing, Eolian sound, which alone broke upon the deadly neglects opportunities of satisfying the intelligence of silence, evidently proceeding from the body of this mighty children on anything that can be made obvious to the mass, though we in vain attempted to connect it with any sense, must be content to find, that when his lessons rise to particular spot, or assign an adequate cause for the solemn abstractions he will be gazed upon by vácant faces. The strains. The air was perfectly calm. The sky was cloud mind will refuse a lively confidence in general truths, when less, and the atmosphere clear to that extraordinary degree it has not been convinced of the existence of the particular conceivable only by those who are familiar with the ele- facts from which they are derived. It is important to a vated regions of southern climates : so clear and pure, right moral state of the intelligence, that the child should indeed, that at noon a bright star, which had attracted our have a clear perception and vivid conviction of every fact notice throughout the grey of the morning, still remained presented to its mind. To extend the province of faith and visible in the zenith. By the naked eye, therefore, and implicit unreasoning obedience to those subjects which are still more with the assistance of a telescope, any water-falls the proper objects on which the perceptive faculties ought of sufficient magnitude would have been distinguishable on to be exercised, and on which the reason should be ema front base, and exposed before us; but not a stream was ployed, is to undermine the basis of an unwavering faith in to be detected, and the bed of what gave evident tokens of revelation, by provoking the rebellion of the human spirit being occasionally a strong torrent, intersecting the valley against authority in matters in which reason is free. at its foot, 1 as then nearly dry. I will not presume to

[First Report on the Training School at Battersea.] assert, that the sun's rays, though at the moment impinging in all their glory on every point and peak of the Joux W. Parker, PUBLISHER, West Strand, London.

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ROTHERHAM CHURCH, in the deanery of Doncaster, the eminence it occupies, a lovely view is obtained of Yorkshire, is a building of far higher character than the surrounding country. might be expected to be seen in a small town. From Rotherham itself, is an old and irregularly-built town. whatever point it is viewed, it dignifies the landscape, In some of the principal streets a few modern houses and gives an additional charm to the scenery of an inte are observable; but, generally speaking, the buildings resting neighbourhood. The town of Rotherham is are low and inconvenient. In the neighbourhood of the situated near the junction of the little river Rother with church, some superior houses have been erected; yet the Don. Baxter has given the etymology of the name little else than that noble structure will attract the atof the former stream: the Celtic name signifies a limit tention of a visitor at this place. The situation of the or boundary, and of the three streams named Rother, in church adds to its majestic appearance; it occupies an England, one divides the counties of Sussex and Kent; elevated knoll, below and around which the principal another separates Yorkshire from Westmoreland; and parts of the town are built, so that the very foundation the South Yorkshire Rother, in a small part of its course, stones are, for the most part, higher than the adjacent marks the boundary of Yorkshire on the side towards houses. From a bridge over the Rother, a fine view of Derbyshire.

the western end of this edifice is obtained; but it is from A Roman origin is claimed for Rotherham, and there an old bridge over the Don, that the most complete indeed appear to be indisputable traces of the works of landscape is seen, with the church not rising from that people in the immediate vicinity. About half a among the dwellings, but placed in majesty above them, mile from the town is a rectangular encampment, which Rhodes, in his Yorkshire Scenery, says of this spot, has long been known as Templeborough (in the earliest

I well recollect this view of Rotherham Church, when it notice it is called Temple-barrow). The intrenchments was even more beautiful, and more picturesque than it now thrown around this military station have been gradually is. The space occupied by the stream of the Don is here of filling up, but they may still be distinctly traced round magnificent dimensions, and it is often filled even to its nearly the whole area originally occupied by them. utmost limits. At the time to which I particularly allude, This encampment is on the banks of the Don, and from from the weir nearly half-way downward to the bridge, a Vol. XXIV


row of lofty elms interposed a thick screen of foliage. A nition being intercepted by the enemy, the citizens were jutting roof, and here and there a chimney-top, were seen soon reduced to ask a parley, and to capitulate. Their through openings amongst the branches: over these, wreaths

estates, lives, and liberties, were guaranteed; but an of light and almost transparent smoke, rising from the

exception was made in the case of the vicar of the dwellings below, united and harmonized the various masses ;

parish, named Shaw, who had made himself so obnoxand on an elevated knoll beyond, the north and west fronts of the church, thrown into perspective, displayed the whole

ious to the royal party, that they searched for him with of their architectural grandeur. The humbler dwellings great perseverance, and placed their soldiery in his that intervened between the river and the higher parts of dwelling. By a succession of hair-breadth escapes, the the town, were excluded from the picture, and all that was vicar eluded the vigilance of his enemies, and at length beheld was full of beauty. A little on the right, a weir fled to Manchester. At one time he lay hidden for three thrown obliquely across the river, is a good feature in this

days without food, in the top loft of a house, a part of part of the landscape. The water, dashed into foam, rushes

which was taken possession of by the soldiers, who were impetuously over it, and circles into a thousand eddies in

overheard uttering threats against the fugitive, and the capacious basin below, from whence it flows along the ample space that forms its channel in limpid shoals, and thrusting their swords and bayonets through every sparkling rapids. Above the weir, the eye follows the aperture where they supposed he might be. Sometimes stream along the line of the Don, to where the Rother pur they were so near him that his remaining hidden was sues its loitering course through the flat meadows of Brad little less than miraculous. This minister afterwards marsh, and falls into the Don at Bow-bridge. The planta wrote a short account of the siege of Rotherham, which tions at Moorgate, and the bold eminence on which Boston

he prefixed to a sermon. In it he declares his mental Castle stands, occupy the left side of this rich landscape, and the woods of Canklow cover the remoter part of the

and bodily anguish to have been at this time extreme,

so that he determined, rather than suffer starvation, he hills, and fill up the distance.

would leave his hiding-place, and throw himself upon The edifice, which forms the principal attraction in the malice of his enemies. While he was thus medithis landscape, is one of the most beautiful in the dio

tating, the soldiers having given up all hope of finding cese, and is commonly known as the church of All

him there, suddenly left the building for the night, Saints or All-hallows. It was erected in the reign of locking the doors after them. Thus a prospect of Edward the Fourth, and a principal contributor to the escape was given, and the vicar contrived to avail himwork, if not the sole founder, was Archbishop Rother self of it, by letting himself down into a vault below the ham, whose heraldic insignia still appear upon it. The house through a hole in the floor, (made by the soldiers church is built of the red stone of the neighbourhood. themselves in searching for him,) and thence fleeing to It presents a complete model of the ecclesiastical archi- the town. Finding no safety at the vicarage, he secreted tecture of the sixteenth century, when a more adorned himself in another vault, where he lay upon an earthen style was taking the place of the simplicity of early floor, in a damp dark place, for three weeks. This Gothic architecture, but had not yet reached all that noted person was one of the principal preachers of the minuteness of ornament, which subsequently charac- period, holding the views of the puritans. He was terized it. Entering by a noble porch on the south side, chaplain to Philip, earl of Pembroke, who bestowed upon the visitor arrives at a lofty and spacious nave with side him the living of Rotherham. aisles. At the intersection of the nave with the chancel After the battle of Marston Moor, a committee of and transepts, rises a tall and graceful spire, with pin- gentlemen of the county was appointed to assist Lord nacles rising from its base, and accompanying it about Fairfax in the management of public affairs. To this one-third of its height, and crockets to the top. The committee Mr. Shaw was made chaplain. He also head of the cross is so constructed, as to afford private formed one of an assembly of ministers, who sat in the recesses for the chantries, which were founded in this chapter house of the cathedral to decide upon church, and opportunities for processions to the high of those ministers who were charged as being ignorant or altar, by having two chapels. The chapels are of the scandalous, and to eject if necessary. Lord Fairfax gave same height with the side aisles, and the clerestory him the living of Skerringham, near York, and he appears windows of the nave have others correspondent with to have been a popular preacher throughout the county them, through which light is admitted into the chancel. for the next seventeen years of his life.

On the death The precise date of this building has not been ascer of his first wife, December, 1657, he wrote a little tained. Its founder, Thomas Scott, otherwise Thomas volume, now very rare, called The Saint's Tombstone. of Rotherham, (from being born there,) was made A second marriage, contracted two years afterwards, Archbishop of York in 1480, and lived to enjoy his see connected him with some of the principal fainilies of the for a period of twenty years.

county. He preached once at Whitehall before Richard Anxious to promote the interests of his native place, Cromwell, during his short protectorate, and, strange to the prelate founded a college at Rotherham, which was say, on the return of Charles the Second, he was named called Jesus College. A provost, five priests, six cho one of his majesty's chaplains. Hunter justly remarks risters, and three schoolmasters, were there maintained, that this was “hardly decent,” and indeed, however and the parish of Rotherham is still entitled to a fellow strongly his pulpit eloquence might dispose all parties to ship at Oxford, secured to it by the Archbishop. This conciliate his favour, yet it soon appeared that his style college at Rotherham rose, flourished, and decayed, of preaching was not favourable to the change the court within a century. Camden, in his Britannica, praises wished to produce, and he was ordered to confine himArchbishop Rotherham, “who founded a college with self to his own little church at Hull. But there also the three schools in it, to teach children writing, grammar, feeling ran strongly against him, so that in June, 1662, and music, which the greedy iniquity of these times," he once more became an inhabitant of Rotherham, where, says he, “ hath already banished." Part of the college with Mr. Clayton, he continued to preach in the church buildings are now employed as an inn, and stables con until the Act of Uniformity compelled them to leave it. nected therewith.

Mr. Shaw still continued to preach in private, and was Rotherham is a place of little note in history; the once apprehended for so doing, but escaped without only public event being the siege of the town during punishment. This individual, so noted in the stormy the contentions between the royal and parliamentary scenes of the civil war, died in peace, and was buried in forces, in the reign of Charles the First. Rotherham the church at Rotherham, April, 1672.

A Latin inscripespoused the cause of the popular party, and being re tion, engraven on brass, covered his tomb, but was torn garded as the nucleus of the insurgent feeling in that off, with many others in this church, and sold to one part of Yorkshire, the royal forces were sent to besiege Andrews, a clock-znaker at Sheffield. Among the numethe town, in the month of May, 1643. Their ammu

rous quaint inscriptions once existing in this church, but

the cases

which have probably shared the same fate with that of | CURIOUS SITUATIONS OF BİRDS' NLSTS. Shaw, one of those noted by Dodsworth is not devoid of beauty. It is to the memory of Alice, wife of George Birds in general choose situations for their nests, acWest, who died May 4, 1617.

cording to the safety and concealment they appear likely Thy vertues need nor epitaph nor tombe,

to afford; but instances frequently occur in which this Those will not let thee dye though this be dombe ;

rule is departed from, and the pair seem to commence Whilst loving husband, for thy true desert,

operations without their usual prudence and sagacity. Living intombes the in his pensive hart.

Is it that among birds, as among inen, individuals are The death of the husband is recorded to have taken found who procrastinate their affairs to the latest place March 5, 1619.

moment, and then are driven to adopt hasty and injuThe importance of Rotherham was for a time greatly dicious measures; or is it that certain members of the increased by the extensive iron-works established there feathered tribes are possessed of greater boldness, and by the family of the Walkers ; but these works do not confidence in man, than their fellows ? exist on the same large scale as formerly, though still Many amusing instances of the curious situations of exercising an important influence on the town.


birds' nests might easily be furnished. Of the followcattle-market at Rotherham is also a principal means of ing, the first has been recently communicated to us by a its support.




gentleman who witnessed the fact; the remainder are There is a good bridge of five pointed arches at

chiefly extracted from the communications of the Rev. Rotherhani, and on the centre pier is a heavy building, Mr. Bree, and others, to Loudon's Magazine of Natura. once a chapel, but now used as a gaoi. A new church

History. was built in a populous part of the town in the year No one, perhaps, would ever think of looking for a 1826-28. It consists of a nave, chancel, and a good bird's nest on a railroad; yet it is a fact that a watertower at the west end, with a pierced battlement, and wagtail built a nest under the hollow of a rail on a wellcrocketed pinnacles at the angles. The interior is very frequented coal line. The spot chosen was at a crossneatly fitted up without galleries. It will accommodate ing within six feet of which the engine and many

loaded four hundred and fifteen persons in free seats, and three and empty wagons passed ten or twelve times a day. hundred and seventy in pews.

Beneath the church is a

No doubt, the nest was commenced on some holiday, or large apartment used as a school-room.

on the occasion of a day's suspension, for on the line in The village or hamlet of Masborough is only sepa- question there is no Sunday traffic. The position of rated from Rotherham by the river, and exceeds that the nest will be seen by the accompanying figure. town in the number of its inhabitants.

A large proportion find employment in the iron-works above mentioned,

Fig. 1 in which cannon of the largest calibre and other important articles have been produced. The iron bridges of Sunderland and Yarm were cast at the foundries of Masborough.

The iron-works were commenced in 1746, by Mr. Samuel Walker. This remarkable man was left an orphan at twelve years old, without any ample means of Near the same place is a small signal house, in the support for himself or for several brothers and sisters.

corner of which a tomtit built its nest for several

years, By diligent and close application, the orphan family notwithstanding that a man had occasion to go close to supplied to themselves the deficiencies in their educa- it, a dozen or twenty times a day. At the top is a large tion, and Samuel for some time kept a school, and was bell, twelve inches or more in diameter, and though this besides employed in surveying, in making dials, &c.

was rung at intervals, the sound of it did not seem to We cannot follow his prosperous career, but the results give any alarm to the bird. are evident in the celebrity of his name, and of the For three years in succession, a curious situation was works established by him. Dr. Miller, in his History chosen by a blue titmouse for building its nest. A betof Doncaster, says, “ If the love of social order, the well, or batwell, (which is a close basket of wicker-work most unremitting industry, the improvement and ad- used in brewing,) was hanging upon a peg against a vancement of the human genius, and a truly Christian cottage wall in Leamington, at a height of not more and exemplary conduct in life and manners, are objects to than six feet from the ground. In this betwell the bird be pursued; few characters can or ought to stand higher built its nest, but unfortunately the fact was not discoin the estimation of mankind, than that of Mr. Samuel vered until after a brewing, when the old woman who Walker."

owned the implement, on cleaning out her betwell, was

astonished to find in it a bird's nest full of eggs. Tuis Book, this holy Book-on every line

About the same time in the following year, having occaMark'd with the seal of high divinity,

sion to brew again, she recollected the circumstance, On every leaf bedew'd with drops of love

and examined the betwell previously to using it. There, Divine, and with the eternal heraldry

again, she found a tomtit's nest, which she unceremoAnd signature of God Almighty stamp'd From first to last-this ray of sacred light

niously removed, and the brewing proceeded as usual. This lamp, from off the everlasting throne

The third year, the bird renewed the attempt, and Mercy took down; and in the night of time

moved, perhaps, by its perseverance, the old woman Stood, casting on the dark her gracious bow;

allowed the nest to remain until the birds were hatched. And evermore beseeching men, with tears

“ It was upon this occasion,” says Mr. Bree, “ that I And earnest sighs, to read, believe, and live.

was witness of the fact, just as the eggs were on the And many to her voice gave ear, and read,

very point of being hatched. On my going to the Believed, obey'd ; and now, as the Amen, True, faithful witness swore, with snowy robes

house to see this curiosity, the betwell, with its conAnd branchy palms surround the fount of life,

tents, was immediately taken down from its peg, and And drink the streams of immortality,

placed in my hand for inspection, the bird all the while For ever happy, and for ever young.

sitting within it, upon its nest, which it made no attempt PoLLok's Course of time. to quit, but merely gave signs of anger by frequently

bristling up its wings and feathers, and by hissing." OUR creature comforts are doubly sweet when we see them

This bird it appears had suffered itself to be carried in flowing from the fountain of God's goodness.

its wicker habitation about the village, (as Leamington then was,) and exhibited to the visitors.


object of interest in the family to ascertain when and by what means the young birds would emerge from under the pot, and make their début. How long they might have continued in confinement, if left to themselves, it is impossible to say, as they were eventually indebted to female curiosity for their emancipation. A lady lifted up the pot, to see whether the birds were there; when the whole brood, taking advantage of so favourable an opportunity, made their escape, darting forth in all directions like rays from a centre.

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The natural timidity of birds is greatly lessened, and in some cases almost entirely removed, during incubation. The blue titmouse has on many occasions furnished proof of this. A remarkable instance occurred a

A similar instance was given in the Preston Chrofew years ago at Newland, in Gloucestershire. A pair nicle some years ago. In a garden belonging to E. of blue titmice built their nest in the upper part of an Clayton, Esq., Bamberbridge, near Preston, a flower-pot old pump, fixing it to the pin on which the handle was turned down over a tender plant in the early part worked. " It happened that during the time of building of the spring, and shortly afterwards was removed, and and laying the eggs, the pump had been out of use; but placed in the same inverted position on a vacant part of at the time when the female was sitting, it was again set the flower bed, near the verge of a gravel walk. Two going, and it was naturally expected that the motion of small birds of the tomtit species having found their way the pump-handle would drive her away. But so deter- | into the pot through the opening at the bottom, made it mined was she in her work, that she remained sitting for their habitation. A carpet was laid in an inclined directhe appointed period, and the young birds were safely tion over the whole area, of fine fibrous moss; on which hatched, with no other misfortune than the loss of a part

was constructed a little nest, in contact with the internal of the tail of the sitting bird, which was rubbed off by side of the pot, and lined with a mixture of hair and the friction of the pump-handle.

feathers. When first discovered there were six eggs in The greater titmouse and the tomtit have been ob- it, which were soon augmented to ten, all of which were served to choose a similar situation; indeed, it would in due time hatched, and the birds on the wing. appear that the groove in which the pump-handle works Mr. Bree gives an account of the nesting place chosen has sonie particular charm for these birds. Mr. Dovas- by a pair of robins. In the parish church of Hamptonton, of Westfalton, near Shrewsbury, gave, in 1832, an

in-Arden, Warwickshire, these birds, for two years in account of one of the greater titmice, who annually, or

succession, affixed their nest to the church Bible, as it nearly so, built in his pump, “where,” he says, “ there lay upon the reading-desk. The worthy vicar would on is a nest of eggs at this moment. It is placed just under no account have the birds disturbed ; and accordingly the top of the handle, where that lever bends, and is joined introduced into the church another Bible from which to to the piston by a swivel. The only entrance the bird has read the lessons. As if encouraged by this tolerance to is close over the handle, where the slit runs a little higher commit further audacious acts, the birds actually plunto allow it to rise above its fulcrum. This pump is used dered the rope-ends from the belfry to assist in the conevery hour, and is always accompanied with much noise struction of their nest. and agitation ; and, frequently, for negligent want of oil

, however, did not fully share the benevolent feelings of

The old women of the village, quiet and unmolested. If the handle be lifted up, and she the vicar on the occasion; on the contrary, they took it be peeped at longer than she like, she merely puffs, blows, | into their heads that the circumstance of the robins' and snorts at the curious intruder.” A great quantity of building on the Bible was highly ominous, and boded no moss was used in the construction of this nest, and to good to their minister. Now it so happened that the worprevent any of it falling into the tube or bucket, the thy vicar fell ill, and died in the month of June of the sagacious bird placed sma sticks as props; a material second year of the birds building in the church; an event which she never employs under ordinary circumstances. which confirmed their superstitions, and “will be rememWhen the young are hatched, one or more of them will bered,” says Mr. Bree, “and handed down to posterity, sometimes crawl to the edge of the nest, and fall over for the benefit of any future vicar, should the robins into the water, and so get ejected through the spout. again make a similar selection.” Under these circumstances “it greatly pleases me," says At Knowle Hall, Warwickshire, as we learn from the Mr. Dovaston, “to see my servants replace them gently same authority, a wren built its nest in the skeleton body in the nest, with kind soothings or facetious chidings; of a heron which had been nailed up against a wall. A showing that natural humanity is innate in very many of still more remarkable choice was that of a tomtit, which the labouring classes, till effete for lack of nurture, or built its nest some years ago in the skull of a murderer, corrupted by evil communications."

who had been gibbeted at Drinsey Nook, in Lincolnshire. At Springfield House, Warwickshire, a pair of red The following is an instance of the friendly confidence starts once built their nest under an inverted garden-pot, of a pair of swallows. In the summer of 1830, a pair of accidentally left on a gravel walk, entering their habita- swallows commenced their nest upon the crank of a belltion from above at the drain-hole. The nest attracted wire, in the passage of a farin-house at Crux Easton; the much attention, and was watched daily, as it became an one end of which opened into a little garden, the other

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