« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
PUBLIC SPECTACLES AND GAMES
served as a starting-post, and those at the other end as AMONG THE ROMANS.
The high-priests, the body of the senate, the vestals, I.
and at a later period, the emperors, assisted and presided Public games had in their origin a useful and honour at these fêtes. In the time of the republic, a place of able object. The youth exercised themselves in the honour was reserved for those citizens who had rendered combats, and thus prepared themselves to defend their glorious services to their country. They wore a crown country in danger. From all parts of the civilized of gold and a triumphal dress. All those who were world, the most illustrious heroes went to Greece to to play some part at the games assembled in the Capitol, dispute for the prize of horse and foot-racing, of wrest traversed the Forum, and thus came into the Circus. ling, of boxing, of archery, and many other pursuits. The Roman knights opened the march; then came the The great poets and artists employed their genius to wrestlers, divided into three bodies; next the grown-up celebrate the glory of the conquerors; and Pindar, in men, the young people, and the children.
Then came his sublime chants, has made posterity acquainted with flute and harp-players; then dancers, each clad in a their deeds.
purple tunic, fastened with a brazen belt, from which Rome, of Greek origin, and surrounded with a Greek hung a sword; they were also armed with a short lance. population, must soon have adopted the customs of her They were preceded by a chief, who regulated the steps neighbours. Gymnastic exercises agreed with a war and the dancing. Next came bodies of armed men; like nation better than any other spectacle. As long after whom advanced those who were dressed like satyrs, as they conduced to preserve the austerity of republican in hairy skins, and mantles formed of lowers. Their inanners, those glorious combats, in which the youth heads were ornamented with horns; and they exhibited rivalled each other in strength and skill, were worthy curious grimaces, to make the spectators laugh. Then of a people entirely given up to the love of their country; came men bearing the gold and silver vessels consecrated but when this people had conquered the world, and to the gods. At last, all this pomp was closed by the accumulated in their capital the riches of the three images of the gods carried by slaves. continents, these exercises degenerated into bloody The magistrate who presided at the spectacle was fights, whether of human beings or of beasts, in which drawn in a car. He was clad in a robe dyed with morality and all the better feelings of our nature were purple: he held a sceptre of ivory surmounted by an most atrociously outraged.
eagle. Behind him was a slave, who held above his Our subject naturally divides itself into two portions, head a crown of gold, and he advanced in this equipage which
may be treated of in order ;-Ist, The games of up to the first barriers. Then all the officers and comthe Circus; and 2nd, The shows of the Gladiators. batants took their places, and the signal for the coin
mencement of the races was given by the prefect of the 1. The GamES OF THE CIRCUS.
games, or in later times by the emiperor, who threw a These games were supposed to have been originally napkin into the arena. The chariots having been ardedicated to Mars, and to have been celebrated in the ranged by lot, and the signal for starting being given, field of Mars, and in the month of March: but we have the gates near the starting-place were opened; whence. to observe that, among the ancient Romans, Games Aew out the chariots which were to dispute the prize. constituted a part of religious worship. They were of They were obliged to go seven times round the Circus. different sorts at different periods of the republic. They The grand art was to turn round the pillars at the were at first consecrated to some deity. Oftentimes, farther extremity without touching them, and without they were vowed by generals in war, in the event of losing any advantage over their rivals. their success; and they took place also upon extraordi The racers were divided into four parties distinguished nary occasions; so that the stated regularity of their by their wearing dresses of four different colours, symrecurrence was much diminished.
bolical of the four seasons: red for summer, white for The Circus—the grand scene of the races, both winter, green for spring, blue for autumn. But, afterhorse and foot, and of other games -was first built, wards, there were but two distinguishing colours, the we are told, by Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth king of blue and green. Each spectator took the part of one of Rome, about 600 B.C. It was afterwards, at different these two divisions, wore its colour, and betted largely times, magnificently adorned. Its site was adjoining to upon its success. Rome, Constantinople, and all the Rome, and it was of an oval or circular form, whence great cities of the empire, were thus rent into two came its name. It was about 3} furlongs in length, factions, who often' engaged in bloody combats. The and one furlong broad. It had rows of seats all round, spectators of the games favoured one or the other rising one above another, where separate places, were colour, as humour or caprice inclined them. It was not assigned to the different ranks of people. This building the swiftness of the horses, or the art of the drivers, is supposed to have been capable of containing a quarter which so much attracted them; but it was their dress. of a million of people.
In the reign of Justinian no less than 30,000 men are At each extremity of the Circus rose two columns, said to have lost their lives at Constantinople, in a surmounted by images of eggs in marble, dedicated to tumult raised by contentions among the partisans of the the tutelar deities of the games, Castor and Pollux, different colours. who were said to have sprung from the eggs of the We are told that the Emperor Domitian added two swan Leda.
This was the boundary, round which colours, the gold and the purple. The number of the chariots should turn. In the middle of the Circus, chariots which ran, depended upon the number of for about the whole length of it, there was a brick colours. The emperors adopted almost always the wall, about 12 feet broad and 4 feet high. In the green colour; and Nero, clad in this livery, disputed middle part of this wall was erected, in the time of for the prize. Caligula wore this colour. He had Augustus Cæsar, an obelisk 132 feet high, which had such an inordinate passion for racing, that he dined ir. been brought from Egypt; and at one extremity of this the stable with his horses. For his favourite horse he barrier, a smaller one. The oval figures at the top of built a stable of marble, and constructed a manger of the columns before-mentioned, were raised, or perhaps ivory. He sent ceremoniously to invite him to dinner, taken down, in order to denote how many rounds the and gave him gilded oats. He presented him with a charioteers had completed, one for each round. Above golden cup of wine, after having tasted it himself; and these figures appeared that of a dolphin, in honour of at last he made him a consul! The horses were trained Neptune; that being the swiftest of marine animals. with so much art, that the skill of the charioteer was The egg-columns at one end of the Circus, therefore, almost superfluous. Pliny relates that a chariot whose
guide had been thrown out, continued its course and There were also represented horse and foot-battles, gained the prize.
encampments, and sieges. The contests were oftentimes The victor being proclaimed by the voice of a herald, waged on elephants loaded with towers, which were filled was crowned, and received a prize in money of consi- with combatants. The theatre was also metamorphosed derable value. Palms were anciently given to the con- | into an immense sea, furnished with monsters, whereon querors in the games, after the manner of the Greeks ; | two fleets filled with combatants, who were taken from and those who had received crowns for their bravery criminals condemned to die, engaged in a real battle. in war, first wore them at the games. The palm-tree The signal was given by a silver Triton, who came out was chosen for this purpose, because it rises against a of the waves, and sounded the charge. Heliogabalus weight placed on it. Hence it was put for any token or carried his extravagance so far, as to fill the Circus with prize of victory, or for Victory itself. Sometimes, the wine. Two fleets fought upon this novel kind of sea. palm-crowns were adorned with ribbons hanging down There was exhibited also in the amphitheatre, the reprefrom them.
sentation of the fable of Orpheus. A forest stocked After the chariot-races, four foot-races, one from each with a vast number of birds and wild beasts, and drawn party, rushed forward into the Circus. They ran from along by invisible machinery, advanced to the sound of east to west; and they also went seven times the round musical instruments. Unfortunately a plank broke, and of the Circus: sometimes they were stripped of all loose the false Orpheus fell into the midst of the beasts, and coverings; at other times they ran completely armed. was devoured by a bear. They would train eagles to Often the same competitors who had disputed for the carry children in the air, in order thus to represent the prize in a chariot, ran on the ground, and disputed for taking up of Ganymede by Jupiter. the prize of foot-racing. They took the names of the The sea-fights were not confined to the Circus. winds, whose rapidity they imitated: Notus, the South Augustus Cæsar dug a lake near the Tiber for that wind; Boreas, the North-wind, &c.
purpose, and Domitian built a naval theatre, Foot-racing, together with the exercises of leaping, In another article will be noticed the sad and detestboxing, wrestling, and throwing the quoit, went under able amusement afforded to the Roman people by the the general name of QuinqueRTIUM, or the five kinds combats of the Gladiators. of contest.
The boxers exhibited in their turn a new spectacle. Their arms and hands were surrounded with thongs of bull's skin, to which were fastened balls of lead, to Fair flowers! a lovely sisterhood, make the blows fall with greater weight. These combats
Whose forms in summer hours were almost always bloody. The wrestlers were always
Bloom beautiful as rainbow hues, anointed with a glutinous ointment to prevent firm
Nurst by bright suns, and gentle dews, hold, and the prize belonged to him who threw down
And sweet refreshing showers. his adversary
O'er ye the bee on busy wing, The actors in the Quinquertium were previously
Wheels many an airy flight;
Culls gladsomely from rosy cells, trained in a place of exercise called the GYMNASIUM.
And Aits away to distant dells, Their pursuits constituted "gymnastic exercises," that
With hummings of delight. iş, exercises performed with no loose covering on the
Ye brightest bloom when all is fair, body, lest the limbs should be in any wise impeded. In
When whispering zephyrs play; the training of the combatants, they were restricted to a When freshest green hangs o'er the bower, particular diet.
And woods and streams around us pour There was also a mock fight, called Ludus Trojæ,
A tide of melody. performed by young noblemen. The origin of this was I linger o'er your fading blooms, referred back to the Trojans, the original ancestors
Where varied sweetness hung, of the Romans. This was usually celebrated at stated 'Neath Autumn skies,—where nature fades, times by the emperors; it having been revived by And when in solitary glades, Julius Cæsar.
Your humbler beauties sprung. Another sort of sport celebrated in the Circus, was Emblems of man's mortality! the Venatio, or hunting. Wild beasts were set to fight (By Highest Wisdom deemed,) with one another, or with men, who were forced to it
When fairest things of earth are gone, by way of punishment, as was the case with the primitive
Shall Amaranthine flowers adorn Christians. Some, however, fought voluntarily, either
The brows of Heaven's Redeemed !-M. M. from a natural ferocity of disposition, or induced by hire. An incredible number of animals was brought from all The virtue of prosperity is temperance; fortitude that of quarters, for the entertainment of the people, at an adversity. immense expense. Pompey is said to have exhibited, upon one occasion, when he wished to please the people, who that has trod the long echoing aisles of some Gothic five hundred lions and eighteen elephants, which were minster, and listened to the swell of the organ notes, while all dispatched in five days.
the stained light, through which the sunshine of centuries In the time of the Emperor Probus, about 280 A.D., had poured upon fluted pillar and fretted roof, fell on the the soldiers tore up whole trees, and transplanted than any words could tell, that grandeur and beauty are
well-worn pavement at his feet, but has felt, more truly them into the Circus, which was thus changed into a
eternal truths, are a few faint notes of that voice of God vast forest. Here they let loose a thousand ostriches, a
which whispers in his own soul? And who that has witthousand wild boars, ibexes, and giraffes, and permitted nessed a public festival, a coronation, or a universal rejoithe populace to rush in upon their prey. The deserts cing, but has felt his heart glad with loyalty towards the of Asia and Africa were thus searched for objects new mere human object of our joy, and has owned in himself and monstrous, to gratify the curiosity and the sangui- that earthly shows of dignity and honour, though they be nary lust of the commonalty of Rome.
but shadows, are mighty ones, and since they actually stir The traces of this pastime still exist among us in the up the burning thoughts they are meant to awaken, are shape of bull-baiting, badger-hunting, cock-fighting, &c.: intended to form a part of our human state on earth, and
neither a vain nor unpermitted language; but are divinely but we trust that, by the growth of Christian feeling, are types of feelings which will not perish here ?- Truth and a sense of moral rectitude influencing public opinion, without Prejudice. all these vestiges of barbarous and ruder days are fast verging to utter extinction,
Joux W. PARKER, PUBLISHER, WEST STRAND, LONDON.
it appears that Nicholas Litlington, who succeeded
Langham in the abbacy, on the elevation of the latter
to the see of Ely in 1362, built this hall, the Jerusalem Which, grateful to Eliza's memory, pays,
chamber, part of the Abbot's house, now the Deanery; In living monuments, an endless praise.
the bailiff's, the cellarer's, the informarer's, and the High, placed above, two royal lions stand, The certain sign of courage and command,
sacrist's houses; the malt-house, afterwards used as a If to the right you then your steps pursue,
dormitory for the King's Scholars, and the adjoining An honour'd room employs and charms your view There Busby's awful picture decks the place,
tower, which was once the apartment of the second Shining where once he shoue a living grace.
master; the wall of the infirmary garden, and a waterBeneath the frame, in decent order placed,
mill, whose dam has been filled up. The site of the old The walls by various authors' works are graced,
wall was on the south side of the cloister, the north wall Fixed to the roof, soine curious laurels show What they obtained who wrote the sheets below.
of which is still remaining. The length of the ancient Fixed to support the roof above, to brave,
refectory appears to have been that of the cloister. To stem the lide of Time's tempestuous wave, Nine stately beams their spacious arches show,
The School-room is a spacious apartment ranging And add a lustre to the school below.
behind the lower end of the eastern cloister, and above Gentleman's Magazine, 1739. some of the most ancient parts of the Abbey. The
writer of the lines at the head of this notice, who appears HAVING noticed in a former article the early history to have been a pupil at Westminster in the time of the of Westminster School, it remains to describe the mastership of Dr. Freind, goes on to describe the differbuildings now devoted to the purposes of this ancient ent classes in the school as follows: establishment, with some of the regulations laid down for the conduct of the inmates.
Ranged into seven, distinct the classes lie,
: Which with the Pleiades in lustre vie. The College Hall, which serves as a refectory for the
Next to the door the first and least appears, King's Scholars, was originally an apartment in the
Designed for seeds of youth and tender years; house of the Abbot, and was devoted to the same
The second next your willing notice claims, purpose as at present. From the archives of the church Her numbers more extensive, more her aims. VOL. XXIV.
Thence a step nearer to Parnassus' height,
King's Scholars, who have taken part in the performLook cross the school, the third employs your sight: There Martial sings, there Justin's works appear,
The number of boys at Westminster has in past years And banish'd Ovid finds protection there. From Ovid's tales transferr'd, the fourth pursues
ordinarily varied from three hundred, to three hundred Books more sublimely penn'd, more noble views:
and fifty, of whom rather more than two-thirds were in llere Virgil shines; here youth is taught to speak
the upper school. This division contains four out of the In different accents of the hoarser Greek.
eight forms into which the school is divided, namely, the Fifth: these better skill'd and deeper read in Greek, sixth, the shell, the fifth, and the fourth. The under From various books can various beauties seek.
school has also four forms; the third, the second, the The sixth, in every learned classic skill'd,
first, and a small class called the petty. Each of the With nobler thoughts and brighter notions fill'd, From day to day with learned youth supplies
forms is again subdivided into an upper and an under And honours both the Universities.
part, the period requisite for passing through each part Near these the Shell's* high concave walls appear,
being half a year. This time may, however, be shortened Where Freind in state sits pleasingly severe:
or prolonged according to the master's pleasure. Him as our ruler and our king we own;
A considerable number of hours in the week are passed His rod his sceptre, and his chair his throne.
in school; Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, are Eastward of the passage leading to the school, there whole school days: the other three week-days are halfis a long ancient building, having the basement story holidays. School-hours begin at eight o'clock in the is a long ancient building, having the basement story winter, and seven in the summer, and, with the exception pillars with handsome capitals. At the north end the ' of an hour for breakfast, continue till twelve, The regalia is said to have been formerly kept. At the east
school opens again at two, and closes for the day at five. is a complete altar-table, erroneously called the tomb of But the pupils are not occupied the whole time of their Hugolin. The upper story is used as the School-room. remaining in school, with repeating and construing lesThe Dormitory is a spacious and elegant building
sons already learned: they also prepare their lessons for erected for the scholars on the foundation, at the time the next day, and themes and versions may be done in when the celebrated Bishop Atterbury was dean of school. In construing the appointed lessons, places are Westminster. A thousand pounds had been left for this taken in all parts of the school beneath the sixth form, purpose by Sir Edward Hannes, one of the physicians in and emulation is purposely excited among the scholars. ordinary to Queen Anne, who had received his education
Whole holidays are given at Westminster on Saints' at this school
. But this legacy was not sufficient to meet days, and some few other occasions, when all the boys the estimated expense, and the Domitory, in consequence,
attend morning service in Westminster Abbey. They remained unexecuted until Atterbury revived the
are not required to attend service a second time in the pro
All the ject, and procured a memorial to be presented by the day, but the substitute for so doing is curious. Chapter to George the First, running thus : “ The Bishop the state of the weather, are locked up, the town boys in
boys, of whatever age and habits, and whatever may be of Rochester, Dean of Westminster, and the Chapter of that church, humbly represent to your Majesty, that Queen their boarding houses, the King's Scholars in their dorElizabeth, of glorious memory, founded the college of West- mitory, from the hour of two till five. This is designed minster, which has in all times since been highly favoured to keep them from going too far out of bounds*. When by your Majesty's royal ancestors, and has bred up great released, they go out till six o'clock in winter, and half. numbers of men, useful both in church and state; among past eight in summer. whom are several who have the honour to serve your Majesty scholars are reported to be soinewhat of a pugnacious
The games and sports of the in high stations: That the domitory of the said college is in so ruinous a condition, that it must of necessity be forthwith character. Not many years ago, there was a regularly rebuilt, the expenses of which building (besides other established, and well-worn fighting-ground, in which charges that may thereby be occasioned) will, according to quarrels were settled. An old custom on Shrove Tues. the plan now huinbly presented to your Majesty, amount to day is worth mentioning, though we have no account of upwards of 50001. As a foundation for raising this sum, a its origin. On that day the under clerk of the college, legacy has been left by one who was a meinber of this colo preceded by the beadle and other officers, advances in lege; and there is good reason to believe that divers persons due form, and throws a large pancake over the bar that of quality, who owe their education to this place, may be divides the upper from the lower schools. Brand menyour Majesty's royal example. The said Bishop and Chapter tions a similar custom at Eton. therefore humbly hope that your Majesty will, as an en
The course of study at Westminster, as at most other couragement to learning, be pleased to bestow your royal public schools, consists chiefly of the principal Latin bounty on this occasion, in such measure as to your Majesty's poets, portions of the chief Latin prose writers, and or high wisdom shall seem proper."
the Greek poets. The books employed in the higher The monarch was pleased to respond to this memorial classes are Virgil, Horace, Terence, Cicero's Orations, by the gift of 10001. towards the desired object; the or the first Decad of Livy, Homer, and some of the Prince of Wales gave 500l. ; the parliament voted 12001., Greek tragedies, particularly the four plays of Euriand William Maurice, Esq., gave 500l. The new build- pides, published by Professor Porson. For the sixth ing was at length commenced, on the west side of the form must be added the first three books of Euclid, the college gardens, from the design of Lord Burlington, work of Grotius, and collections of speeches from the who personally superintended the works. It is in a por- Latin and Greek historians. All the boys in the upper tion of this building, fitted up as a theatre, that the Latin school are required to make, every week, twenty Latin plays are annually represented by the King's Scholars. hexameter verses on some sacred subject, called the The former appropriate scenery, contrived under Gar• Bible exercise, with a theme or short prose essay, on rick’s directions, was the gift of a master of the school, some moral subject, alternately in English and Latin. Markhara, archbishop of York. The present scenery Arithmetic, algebra, modern languages, and modern was the gift of the highly respected Dean of West- history do not enter into the course of instruction at minster, Dr. Vincent. The Westminster plays have | Westminster; but there are masters to give lessons on attracted a number of distinguished persons as auditors. The pit is set apart for “Old Westminsters," who con • By the strict letter of the statutes, the King's Scholars are required to tribute liberally to the collection which is made at the be at some particular place called station, either the school, or the en. close of the performance. On some occasions nearly closure in Dean's Yard, or the cricket-ground, or the college, or the hall, 2001. have been thus collected, and after all expenses
at every moment of the day. There are three monitors appointed froin
the senior boys, who are responsible for this attendance, and bound to are paid, the remainder is divided among .be Senior preserve due order and discipline. These stations are still enforced upon
the lower half of the King's Scholars with considerable strictness. The * A class so called.
upper half is by custom oscused.
these subjects to those who desire them. The repeti
« THE LOST FARM.” tion of the Catechism, of which an explanation is given, and the turning of the Psalms and Gospels into Latin,
The western winds assail the western shore
The barrier sand-hill drives before the blast: form a portion of the religious instruction of the junior
The field, the fold, the house, are surfaced o'er. classes; the Bible exercise, Greek Testament, and Gro
He sees the incipient ruin-stands aghast
Alas! no eastern gale, with force as vast, tius, that of the seniors. Prayers are read in college
Repels the intrusive “setiler" from his door. and at the boarding-houses. On Saturday in Term,
Returning westers, stormier than the past, lectures are read to the King's Scholars by a Pre
Bring “ added heaps" to this unfruitful store:
And the once fertile fields are fertile fields no more. bendary.
Libraries are attached to each house, and to college. Whilst “old ocean" is, on some of the shores of our A new boy pays one guinea, and erery one 3s. 6d.
“sea-girt isle,” undermining our foundations, and precihalf-yearly to the support of them. There is also a
pitating acres of land into the sea; in other places, the small school library, containing old editions of the land is encroaching upon the waters; and, whether aided classics.
or not by man, is occupying the place where the sea once The rewards at this school consist in the distribution
rolled its foaming billows. of prizes, in the obtaining a higher place in the form
The former operations may be traced on the high in all forms below the two highest, and in the selection coasts of Yorkshire, where the dashing of the waters of an exercise for its merit by the master. The prin- against the shore gradually wears away the yielding cipal punishments are impositions and flogging. material; and the ground being undermined, the super
The very objectionable practice of fagging formerly incumbent mass, in smaller or greater quantities, is ultimaintained at Westminster, has, we are happy to state, mately precipitated into the sea. been lately considerably alleviated. “The system never On the flat beaches of Lincolnshire, on the contrary, was supported, or even recognised, by the masters, and large tracts of land have been reclaimed from the sea by is now more discountenanced than formerly. The most human industry and ingenuity; and houses now occupy satisfactory information which can be given on the sub the sites which were once the dwelling-places of the ject, and which alone will be a practical answer to inhabitants of the deep. objections of parents and friends, seems to be this, that
If we turn to the western side of our island, we shall there is at present the best possible security provided find that the flat sandy coast of some parts of Lancaagainst this abuse, in the regulations by which all those shire bears indications of having been once covered by menial offices, which once fell to the lot of the lower
the sea, which, from some cause or other, has receded boys, are now performed by servants; and that if from its former limits. In Morecambe Bay, a little fagging does exist at all, it must be confined to a very north of Lancaster, both processes are going on within few, and by them little or nothing remains to be done,
a very short distance. On the opposite side of the bay, except errands to the school-bookseller, and such trifling a little south of Ulverston, if we may credit tradition, the services as secure patronage to a little boy, without in
sea has made great inroads : " for great part of the any degree subjecting him to hardship or ill treatment.” | parish of Aldingham has been swept away within these
few centuries. There is a tradition in Furness, that the DOUBTLESS that religion was from heaven which makes of church of Aldingham stood in the centre of the parish : liope a virtue.-CHATEAUBRIAND.
at present it is within reach of a high tide.” Two vil
lages," which the first Sir Michael de Fleming exchanged PERCEPTION of distress in others is a natural excitement, with the monks for Bardsea, are only known in record.” passively to pity, and actively to relieve it: but let a man The soil here is a pliable loam, which readily yields to set himself to attend to, inquire out, and relieve distressed the action of the waves. persons, and he cannot but grow less and less sensibly
Passing south of the Ribble, we come to the now affected with the various miseries of life with which he
considerable bathing-place, called Southport, situated at must become acquainted; when yet at the same time, benevolence, considered not as a passion, but as a practical north of Liverpool, and nine north-west of Ormskirk,
the mouth of that river or estuary, about twenty miles principle of action, will strengthen; and whilst he passively in the parish of North Meols * (pronounced Mails). compassionates the distressed less, he will acquire a greater aptitude actively to assist and befriend them.--ARCHBISHOP “Prior to 1792, the site of this improving village was WAATELY.
a dreary sank-bank, at the lower end of a bay seventeen
fathoms deep, which is now choked up with sand.” In BE HUMBLE.
1809, the number of houses was thirty-eight; in 1842, Triumph not, frail man; thou art
the number was upwards of a thousand: and during the Too weak a thing to boast;
summer season it is crowded with visitors. Thou hast a sad and foolish heart;
The shore is exceedingly flat. At low water the sea Misdeeds are all thou dost.
recedes several miles; and during neap-tides, it is hardly Thou seem'st most proud of thine offence; Thou sinn'st e'en where thou want'st pretence,
visible even at high water.
On approaching from Ormskirk, we pass through a Triumph not, though nothing warns
couple of miles of peat-moss, which, within a quarter of Of vigour waning fast; Remember roses fade, but thorns
a mile of Southport, is covered some depth with sand.
“ The lost farm" is the name given to one of the very Survive the wintry blast. A pleasant morn, a sultry noon,
few attractions within reach of the visitors of this soForetells the tempest rising soon.
called “Montpelier of the coast of South Lancashire."
It is situated two miles and a half south of the town,
and about a quarter of a mile inland. It is lost and If then thou countest many friends,
desolate enough; but not, on this account, less an object It is good luck of thine;
of interest to the curious or the contemplative. But triumph not; that gold may go;
This now barren spot is separated from the sea by And friends will fly in hour of woe.
the range of low sand-hills that run along this part of But triumph, if thy soul feels firm
It may, therefore, be readily conceived that In faith, and leans on God;
the breezes from the Atlantic, or rather from the Irish If woe bids flourish love's warm germ, And thou canst kiss the rod;
* “From the Teutonic word Melo, farina, are derived the Saxon terms
Mell, Meol, and our deal, which have each been figuratively employed Then triumph, man; for this alone
to designate this parish, in consequence of the number of sand-lulls which Is cause for an exulting tone JONES. it contains '-Baines's History of Lancashire, vol. iv., p. 273.