Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

poliled Indian people, with the additional circumstance of a few men and other creatures having been saved in a large canoe. This curious subject is so well treated, that the philo. sophical reader will peruse it with pleasure.

The climate of Mexico next attracts the Abbé's attention, when he again thews the errors of the French writers.

One of the arguments most infifted on by Buffon and De Paw, to illustrate the unhappy nature of the American soil, and the malignity of its climate, is the pretended degeneracy of animals.

In the fourth differtation, the Author examines the proofs which these naturalists bring to support their opinions, and detects many contradictions into which they have fallen, The natural history of America wants much improvement, and we think this differiation affords many hints for such improvement. Pointing out the errors of reputable authors, is the first step (0ward reformation ; subsequent observation of facts muft then establish the true fyftem.

In the fifth dissertation, the Abbé treats of the physical and moral constitution of the Mexicans. Here M. de Paw is ably refuted, both with respect to what he advances concerning the corporeal and mental qualities of the Mexicans. The first Europeans who establithed themíelves in America, not less powerful than avaricious, desirous of enriching themselves to the detriment of the natives, kept them in a ftate of lavery, and considered them as satyrs. The millionaries having, in fix years, baptized above a million of these large apes and garces, the bishop of Tlafcala was under the necessity of obtaining a bull from the Pope, to make the Spaniards acknowledge the native Americans to be true men [veros homines). A copy of the origi. nal bull is given in a note; it is dated 1537, 410. non. Jun. Ds. Robertson, who has in some measure adopted the opinions of M. de Paw, is also refuted by the Abbé.

The fixth treatise is on the culture (probably civilization] of the Mexicans. The greatest part of the inhabitants of the new continent conselled a supreme omnipotent Being, although their belief was, like that of the vulgar among other people, mixed with errors and superstitions. They had temples and priefts, facrifices and rites for the uniform worship of the Divi. nity. They had a king, governors, and magiftrates. They had numerous cities, and an extensive population. They took great care to enforce justice and equity in commercial and civil contracts. Every individual was secured in his property and poffeffions. They exercised agriculture and other arts; not only those necessary to life, but such also as contributed to luxury and pleasure. What more is necessary to vindicate a nation from the imputation of being barbarous and lavage ? M. de

Paw

Paw deems them barbarous and favage, because they want
money--they want iron-they are unskilled in naval architec-
ture-and several arts. The Author refutes each of these im-
putations with much ingenuity. With regard to money, any
portable property of value, of which there are various forts in
Mexico, antwers all the purposes of coined or stamped money.
The Athenians used oxen as money; as the Romans did sheep;

the Lacedemonians had no money,--yet these were civilized
nations. As to the want of iron, the Americans had a species
of copper, to which they gave a temper as hard, we are cold,
as the Europeans do to steel. The Abbé treats each objection
of De Paw nearly in the same manner, and concludes this trea-
tise with a catalogue of writers in the American languages.
This catalogue, though not numerous (being only one hundred
and fourteen), is a sufficient proof of their languages being
written.

The seventh differtation treats of the boundaries and popula-
tion of Mexico. The former part of this treatise is merely
geographical, and the latter is intended to correct the mistakes
of loine French writers.

The eighth explains the religious system of the Mexicans.
The Author, though he acknowledges some of the rites to be
cruel, shews, that the Mexicans were no more inhuman than
many highly civilized people of the old world.

In the lait differtation, the Author attempts to refute Aftruc,
and ocher writers on that subject, by shewing that the lues
venerea did not originally come from America, or any of its
inands. He, however, does not decide with certainty on this
disputed point; he offers his opinion only as a conjecture, that
the contagion first came from Guinea, or some other equinoxial
country on the coast of Africa. There is great probability that
this conjecture is right, and many learned physicians have been
of the same opinion.

From the extracts which we have given, our Readers will
be able to judge of the translator's style; and we Mail only
add, that we think he hath done his countrymen, who are
ignorant of the Italian language, a material service, by present-
ing them with the Abbé Clavigero's work in an English dress.

ERRATA in this Volume.
P. 58, 1. 8 from bottom, for 'inconfiftent,' r, conflent.
-62, 1.8, place a comma at ibem, and remove the comma from the next following

word, -which will restore the lense.
- IU, l. 7 from bottom, for 'capable,' r, able,
- 151, 1. 16, for 'lounos,' r. sound.
- 293, par, 3, 1. 2, put a comma after juf.'
-311, l. 10, for 'seitlej,' r. feed;
- 310, l. 17, read' who says he was on the spor.'
-456, in the title of Art. 58, for • Elegy,'s. El'ay,

To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Voluine,

N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the

Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.

ACID, acetous, difference be-
? tween it and radical vinegar,

553.
Adam and Eve, account of their

creation, from an Indian his

tory of the world, 420.
Ætna, beautiful view of its sum-
mit, in M. Houel's Voyage
Pittoresque, 603. Other views
of the Mount, 604. More

particulars, 60;.
Agriculture, absolute, system of, 99.

- , relative, what, 102.
Air, hepatic, exper. on, 185..

-, dephlogisticated, on the in.
flammation of, in closed vessels,
553. Its effects on fire, acting
on the most refractory mineral

fubitances, 557.
Alexandrian Ms. of the New Test.

account of, 546. Dr. Woide's

edit of, 545.
Alfred, king, his version of Oro-

fius commended, 616.
America, great advantages to be

reaped by, from her commercial

intercourse with France, 594..
Argand's lamp considered, 321.
Añatic Miscellanies, 422, 480.
Asthma, case of a cure of, in
which the flowers of zinc were

highly instrumental, 333.
Aftronomical instruments, observa-

tions on the methods of gradu.

ating, 29, 157
Albenians, account of their man-

ners, and the state of their re-
public, at the close of the Per

lian wars, 460.
Atonement, Dr. Price's notion of

that doctrine, 402.
Attachments, doctrine of, 259. •
Attorneys, the low ones, pettifog

gers, their vile practices expos-
ed, 175.

App. Rev. Vol. LXXVI.

Alloon (air) account of the ca.

tastrophe of that by which
Pil. de Rozier and de Romaine
perished, 331. Cause of that

unhappy accid. investigated, ib.
Barker, Mr. his barometrical and

thermometrical register, 19?.
Basaltes, remarkable rock of, in

Sicily, 604.
Bath waters, their success in pa-

ralytic cases, estimated by the

hospital register, 535. .
Beak, Bp. his character, 146. In-

terment at Durham, 147
Belknap, Mr. his account of the

white mountains in New Hamp-
shire, 138.

--his observations on
the Aurora Borealis, 393. On
the method of preserving parsa

nips by drying, 470.
Bellendenus, fome account of that
writer, 489. New edit. of his

three books De Statu, &c. ib.
Berkeley, Bp. anecdote of his con-

nection, as a writer, wich Steele,

in the Guardian, 23.
Berthollet, M. his memoir con-

cerning the difference between
radical vinegar and the acetous
acid, 553. Concerning the
preparation of caustic aikali,
its cryftallization, and its ac-

tion on spirit of wine, 554. .
Bolfover caitle, in Derbyshire, ac-

count of, 428. Magnificent
entertainments given there to

Ch. I ib.
Brain, diseases of, and accidents

to which it is liable, considere
ed, 35.

, Itructure of, enquiry con-
cerning, 559.
Bryant, Mr. his account of th:
corpedo, 140.
Xx

Butis,

Butis, fanétuary of defcribed, 567. Condorcet, M. his eulogies on some
Incredible fize of the rocki, ib. late deceased members of the

French academy, 238.
Cagliostro, Count, his advent. -

, his memoir on the
· 385. His imposture strongly calculation of probabilities, part
indicated, 389.

iv. 561.
Camper, Dr. his conjectures re- Congelation, Spirituous and aqueous,

lative to some petrifactions curious exper, relative to, made

found near Maestricht, 106. at Hudson's Bay, 191.
Carse, a Scottish word, explain- Coffard, Rev. Mr. reduced in his
ed, 148.

later days to live on private
Cascade,' fee Hutchins.

charity, 419.
Cavallo, Mr. his magnetical ex.

periments, as published in the D'Alembert, M. his eulogy, me-

Philosoph. Transactions, 193. moirs, and works, 238.
Cave, the printer, anecdote of, Darwin, Dr. his new exper. on

281. His method of getting the ocular spectra of light and
materials for the parliamentary colours, 197.
debates, as given in the Gen- Demoivre, M. particulars of his
tleman's magazine, 286.

life and writings, 212.
Cavendish, Mr. his account of ex- Disenters' application to parlia.

periments at Hudson's Bay, re- ment, for a repeal of the test,

lative to freezing mixtures, 191. &c. 347. Charged with nar.
Causland, Mr. his particulars re- rowness of principle, 524.

lative to the Indians of North Douglas, Mr. his disert. on brass
America, 197.

inftruments, &c. found in this
Cepheus, observations on the vari- island, 428.

ation of the light of a star in the Dousing, Wm. his account of his
head of, 30.

violent proceedings, in de-
Chabert, Marquis de, on the use molishing the ornaments of

of marine clocks, relative to churches, &c. 84.
navigation, &c. 560.

Druses, a small independent na-
Chambers, Mr. his translation of tion on the mountains of Le.

an Indian account of embaflies banon, &c. curious acc. of, 626.
and letters that passed between Duelling, ftridiures on, 115.
che Einperor of China, and
Sultan Shahrokh, 421. His F Ar, remarks on the diseases
translation of a Persian history of, 39.

of the Marratta state, 482. - , of fishes, curious account
Chaftellux, M. de, attacked on ac of the structure of, 152.

count of his misrepresentations Earth, the late subsidence of a por-

of the Quakers, &c. 337. tion of, near Folkstone, 195,
Cheltenham water, nature of, 536. Eclipje. See Grauchain.
Chesterfield, Earl of, story of his Eel, electrical. See Bryant. See

acquaintance, and difference, with Flagg. See Patterson.
S. Johnson, 288.

Egyptians, modern, their madners
Christ. See Fathers. See Pro described, 568. Monotonous
phets. See Mefliah.

tenor of their lives, and ex-
Clark, Dr. his observ, on the ex ceflive indolence and luxury, ib.

cess of the mortality of males Electricity; Van Marum's exper.

above that of females, 120. relative to, 581. His grand
Clocks, marine. See Chabert. battery, how much increased,
Comets. See Rittenbouse.

both in surface and power, 582.

Extraordinary effects of, 583. CAs, inflammable. See Monge.

Phenomena resulting, 584. Gentil, M. his memoir on the
Elliot, Dr. his observ, on the af- obliquity of the ecliptic, 560..

finities of substances in spirit of Gilpin, Mr. his observ. on the
wine, 189.

annual passage of herrings, 146.
-, Dr. John, his exper. on Goodricke, Mr. his oblerv. on a
light and colours, published star in the head of Cepheus, 30.

without his name, $24. Gout, new theory of, and method
Enchanted fruit, an Indian tale, of prevention and cure, 220.
4 2.

Grauchain, M. de, his observ, on
Etymology, observ. on, 598.

a folar and a lunar eclipse, 219.
Euxine, commerce of, late changes Gratitude encomium on, 409.
with respect to, 580.

Gray, Mr. critical remarks on his
Eye, diseases of, considered, 36. poems, 509.
Eyre, Baron, his opinion on the Greece, anc. Itace of the arts in,463.
legality of military power, 533.

HAbakkuk, animated passage in;
F Athers, Christian, their opinions di critically illustrated, 49.
de concerning Christ, 15. Haggai, his prophecy relative to
Ferns, Brit. remarks rel. to, 130. the rebuilding of the temple,
Figure, observ. on making a figure, critically inveltigated, 53. Con-
113.

troversy on that subject, 410 -
Fire, philosophical difquisition 414.

concerning, 318. Compound. Hamilton, Sir W. his particulars
ed with light, ib. Phenomena relative to the present state of
of, 320.

Vesuvius, 195.
Fire-pump, electrical descriprion Harpsichord, improved method of
of, 552.

quilling, 470.
Fish, their structure and physiology Harrogate, new springs lately dir-

explained, 145. A new elec- covered in that neighbourhood,
trical fish described, 96. .

187.
Flagg, Mr. his account of the Hastings, Mr. his memoirs of In.
torpedo, 141.

dia, 70. Recommends the
Ford, Parson, anecdote of, 275. publication of the Bhagvat

, Captain, his cranslation of Geeta, 203. His laudable en-
“ Softly," an ode, from Hafiz, deavours to promote the study
422.

of Indian literature, 301. Pro-
France and America, advantages ceedings again it him in Parlia-

accruing from a commercial ment, and publications pro and
intercourse between those two con. 177. 254. 344. 444. 523.
nacions, 593.

Heat, philol. investigaced, 319.
Franklin, Dr. his proposal for a See also Wedgwood and Thomson.

new hygrometer, 389. Sundry Herrings. See Gilpin.
maritime observations by, 167. Herschel, Dr. his catalogue of
Causes and cure of smoky chim- 1000 new nebulæ, and cluiters
nies, 469. Description of a of llars, 119. His investiga.
new stove for burning pit-coal, tion of the cause of that indir-
and consuming its smoke, 470. tinctness of vision, which has
Dr. Rufton's letter to him on been ascribed to the smallness
smoky chimnies, ib.

of the opric pencil, 198.
Freezing. See Congelation. Hickocke, Mr. his translation of
Frelbets, a word used in an Amer. the travels of Cæsar Fredericke,
publication, explained, 272. 480.

Xx 2

Hindkie

[ocr errors]
« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »