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pressed in Latin, for many ages, in inscriptions and coins.. The Greek as well as the Hebrew was unknown in the country inhabited by the Franks and the neighbouring nations till within these four hundred years. At the time the prophecy was written, Latin was the language most general in the Roman empire, and when the empire was divided it became the universal language in the western part, which the learned in general agree is the scene of the events foretold by the visions in the book.'

Mr. Vivian finds in Ludovicus (Lewis) the exact number of the Beast; putting down for nothing those letters which are not numerals, and reckoning only on those which are : e.g..

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Our Author obferves that this mystic number doth not denote a single person of the name of Ludovicus, but a succesion of persons of the fame name, and acting in the same person and character..

From the death of Charlemagne, in the year 814, when the first Lewis began his reign, tp the present year (1784), are 970 years; out of these the kings of the name of Lewis have reigned 387 years. , 1. From the beginning of the reign of Lewis VI. (when perseca. tion began in a more serious manner) in the year 1108, to the prefent year, are 676 years, out of which the Lewis's have reigned 334 years.

Since the acceflion of Lewis XIII. in 1610, are. 174 years, in which space, no king hath reigned in France of any other name. And this seems especially the time, meant in the vilion, because it followed the bealing of the deadly wound. The space too hath been a time, not of civil wars, but mere perfecution for conscience-fake. The two first Lewis's (Thirteenth and Fourteenth) firnamed the Full and Great, wading in the blood of their subjects; and the other, the Fifteenth and Sixteenth, continuing in force their fanguinary ediets.'

It is somewhat remarkable that Mr. Vivian, without knowing that the same experiment had been made on the word Ludovicus by pre. ceding commentators, should have applied the vision of the twohorned Beast to the persecuting monarchs of France : but none of them, however, suspected that the 18th verse, or any thing contained in it, is descriptive of the fecond Beaft. For this discovery the learned are indebted to the ingenuity and fagacity of our Author,


Art. 73. Remarks on the three fir Chapters of the Revelation of

St. John. To which are prefixed, Four Letters to the Rev. Thomas Charles, A.B. on the Number of the Beast, and the Wo. znan's first and second Flight. By Thomas Reader. 8vo. 15, 6d. Buckland. 1785.

Mr. Reader differs essentially from Mr. Vivian in the application of the mystic number 666. It is plain,' says he,that it is the number, not of the second, but of the first Beast; not only because the second Beast, whenever he rises, will live wholly and only for the honour of the first (for which reason Irenæus calls him his ar. mour-bearer), but because the first Beast is visibly intended by the word Beast six times (Rev. xiii. 14, 15. 17.), and it is also asserted (v. 17.) that the number of the first Beast will be given to his worshippers ; for he is the last named, and the proper antecedent to the relative aule, his, v. 17,” 18.'

According to Mr. Reader's scheme, the second beast is not yet come. He seems inclined, with the learned Mede, to adopt Potter's celebrated interpretation, founded on the square of 25*1 (a number' which very particularly marked the offices and distinguishing orders, &c. of the Romish church), opposed to the number 12, which, on the contrary, was chosen by divine wisdom, as the discriminating number of the true church, both under the Jewish and the Chriftian dispensation. "As 12 is to 144, so is 25 and a fraction to 666. It is remarkable,!'as Mr. Reader observes, " that the two first, and the last of those numbers, are the only numbers in the Greek Testa. ment which the Holy Ghost hath expressed by numeral letters; and thole numbers alone being fo expressed, and that only in one place, leads us to conclude that they have some relation to each other.'.*

We cannot help thinking, with many who yet admire Mr. Potter's great ingenuity, that the fractions attending the root essentially injure his scheme : nor is it in our opinion in the least re. paired by Mr. Reader's hypothefis ; but rather rendered ftill more precarious and unsatisfactory.' • Twenty-fix,' says our Author, is also a remarkable ecclefiaftical number in England and Wales, and hertueen 25 and 26 lies the exact root of 666. And, as to the fracjions, poflibly God might intimate by them that there is an eficntial di forder both in the Beast's and in the Devil's kingdom.' • Thofe who take pains to inform mankind, and to illustrate the difficulties and obscurities of the sacred volume (in the meaning of which all are deeply interested, and in which nothing can be sefelels), deserve at least the chanks of the Public; and if they Thould fail of giving full satisfaction, yet we ought to eleem them for their good intentions, and candidly overlook what we cannot heartily approve; for in so intricate a path, where the most enlightened may err, no wonder if the dull and the ignorant lose their way. Art. 74: A Sermon on Galatians iv. 6. Preached in the Epis

copal Chapel at Hayfield, Derbyihire, on Trioity Sunday. 12mo.

Longman. 1785. Art. 75. The Scripiure Doerrine of a Trinity vindicated, accord

ing to the Principles of the illuminated Emanuel Swedenborg; 10 which fome Remarks are prefixed on a Sermon, with Nores,

lately. lately published by C. Bayley, in Opposition to that Doctrine.

8vo. Clarke, &c. Manchester. 17852 Art. 76. The Swedenborgian Doctrine of a Trinity considered; or,

Strietures on a late Publication, entitled, The Scripture Doctrine of a Trinity vindicated, according to the Principles of the illumi

Dated Em. Swedenborg, with Remarks on a Sermon on Gal. iv. 6. · 12mo. Longman, 1789.

We have classed the above pamphlets in one Article, as they have an immediate connection with each other. In the first the Author (Mr. Bayley) afferts the unity of the Divine nature, and then prom ceeds to defend and establish the doctrine of a Trinity according to the profession of the church of England. "... ieri inwari

An anonymous writer appears, in the second pamphlet, who dilo putes the arguments of the former; infifting, (with Count Swedenborg, that a Trinity of persons was unknown in the apoftolic church: and labouring to confirm the opinion of the Swedish baron; which, it is, with fome reason, concluded, Mr. Bayley had intended to oppole. :',

'This calls up the first Author again ; and, in order to yindicate himself, and his cause, he presents us with a publication Jarger than either of the former. Whether the contest, thus begun, will close here, is very uncertain, fioçe it is well known the beginning of Arife is as when one letteth out water, Each of the assailants dita covers some metaphysical ability and learning suited to the subject : and they have, on the whole, advanced thus far with a tolerable degree of temper and candour., Yes it is pretty evident, that if they allow themselves to proceed, the passions will be interested, .and as hath been too frequently verified, the truth will be in danger of being overwhelmed, and forgotten 'amidit those boisterous agitations. It appears to us far the wifelt and belt method for each to reft satisfied with his own opinion, at least without troubling the world any farther with their conjectures. Bye-standers will be 'auch disposed to think, that a subject which admits; or requires, so much labour and art for its invettigation and support, cannot be of essential moment or consequence to human happiness. Art. 77. The Reflitution of all Things: An Essay on the im. • portant Purpose of the Universal Redeemer's Destination, By , James Brown, late Missionary from the Society for propagating - the Gospel, and Chaplaiỹ of the British Garrison at Savannah, - in Georgia. 8vo. 1$. 6d, Çadellen

The preface to this work gave us a favourable opinion of the Writer. : He speaks concerning it and himself in sensible and modest terms; be appears to have formed views of religion more · liberal, just, and useful than are attained merely by rehearsing creeds, and forms, and articles : amidit scenes of war and confusion be seems to have employed his time suitably to his character: and he apprehends that the universal restoration of the divine works, the fubject which he wishes to lupport, will recommend Chriftianity to the attention of those who have been disgusted by the narrow and partial representations which men have so often given.

We cannot say that the efiay itself answered our expectations. The topic requires maturer thought and attention, than, perhaps, the fituation in which he was placed would allow; neither, possibly, is his mind so wholly unfettered from human fhackles and inftitu. tions as he may be willing to apprehend. He dwells greatly on the expectations which had prevailed at all times among mankind of such a perfect redemption as that for which he pleads; expectations occafioned, he intimates, by divine communications to them, of which we have not now any knowledge. But though he does not thoroughly investigate the subject, he appears to be a man of some learning, and acquaintance with ancient writers. His work, however, required revisal. - There are much better tracts extant, on the subject. Art. 78. A Monument to the Praise of the Lord's Goodnefs, and

to the Memory of dear Eliza. Cunningham.... Published for the Benefit of a charitable, Inftitution. 8vo. 6d. Trapp. 1785. It is nothing wonderful that Mr. Newton should be affected by the fickness and death of a young person, niece to his wife, or imprefled by the suitable fpirit The might in fuch circumstances discover; yet it does not necessarily follow that the account fhould be made public; however, if this little tract does any good, it is so far well. ; Art. 79. A View of the great Events of the Seventh Plague, or · Period, when the N7y/tery of God shall be finished, Rev. x. 7.

which completes and aud's Confirmation to an Explanation of the · Seven lait Plagues, Rev. xv. xvi. lately offered to the Public, • By Robert Ingram, A. M. Vicar of Wormingford and Boxted in i Eflex. 8vo. 60: Rivington. 9. This Author continues his enquiries; but with what success we will not determine. "The seventh plague, he supposes, has respect to the restoration of the Jews, and the extension of Christianity throughout the world by their means, until it finally triumphs. We refer to the Review for July 1785, p. 85, for fome remarks on Mr. Ingram's publications. We have now nothing to add to what is there said, and in former Articles, to which the Reader is there directed.


i sirius . iii Art. 80. The History of the Ministry of Jesus Chrift, combined • from the Narrations of the Foar Evangelists. By Robert Willan,

M. D. The Second Edition, with many additional Notes' and Oba 'fervations. Svo. 35. 6d. bound. Rivington, &c. 1786.".

This work was characterised;.-and-commended, from the first edition, reviewed in our fixty-ninth voll see p. 8.-The present edition is here introduced, on account of the additional notes, which are more useful than numerous. They relate, chiefly, 'to the *manners, customs, opinions, and expressions, proverbial or allegorical, amongit the Eastern nations; with which, as the Author joitly observes, che generality of readers cannot be familiarly acquainted. Art. 8s. Devotions for the Sacrament of the Lord'si Supper :

With'an Appendix, containing a Method of digesting the Book of Psalms so as to be applicable to the common Occurrences of Life. “By a L'ayman. 8vo. Is. Cadell, '.:

It is the laudable design of this small publication to allist the pious Christian in his attendance on the Lord's Supper : the exercises are drawn up on the ground of the doctrines of our established Church, and adapted to the forms prescribed in the Bork of Common Prayer.


Art. 82. Sermons, Do&trinal and Practical, By D. Granti

Minister of the Gospel at Newcastle. 12mo. . 2s. 60. fewed. . Dilly. - Calvinistical, declamatory, puritanical, and, in many instances. we think, irreconcileable with a just and sober explication of the faa cred writings. : Art. 83. Conjectures concerning the Nature of Future Happiness :

Translated from the French of Mons. Bonnet, of Geneva, Svo. 13. Baldwin.

Though the ideas here offered to the Public are indeed, what the Author calls them, Conjectures, they are conceived with such evi dent marks of good sense, as well as, piety, and are withal fo-agree. ably expressed, that they will not fail of being read with pleasure by those who have learned che Christian lesson of looking towards another world. Art. 84. The Calvinisin of the Protestant Diflenters efferted; in a

Letter to the Archdeacon of St. Alban's : Occasioned by his Remarks, on Dr. Priestley's Second Letter. By Samuel Palmer. Paftor of the Independent Congregation at Hackney. Svo. 6d. Buckland. 1786.

Were it certain that the principles of Calvin have a necesary conrection with virtue, piety, and final happiness, an enquiry of this kind might be of great importance. But as this is not the case (and we are well persuaded the Author of this pamphlet does not fuppofe it), it becomes a matter of far less urgent concern. However, truth is always of some moment. There was sufficient reason for the present publication, on account of the mistakes relative to the Diffenters, into which Dr. Horsley has fallen, and his consequent misrepresentation of their tenets, &c. In that very numerous and respectable body of men, who icparate from the establith. ment of this country, there are, no doubt, many who now entertain fentiments, on some disputable articles of faith, very different from those that were more generally received by their anceitors; but they are, no less than their predecesors, on conviction, firm believers in Christianity, and hearty friends to its prevalence and support. Mr. Palmer offers satisfactory reasons to ailure us, in opposition to the Archdeacon's account, that the majority of the Distenters are ftill Calvinists, even in the present day. In this and on some other points immediately connected with it, the Writer of this pamphlet appears to have the advantage.-Indeed it may generally be ex-' pected, that a rational Christian, and friend of liberty, will, on copics of religious freedom, ever prevail, as far as argument can go. againit those who endeavour to defend articles and creeds enjoined by human authority, with other modes and forms imposed merely by the civil power.

. RELIGIOUS. Art. 85. Chriflian Directions and Instructions for Negroes. 12mo.

1s.* Rivingtons. 1785.'. This work, except a collection of occasional prayers, and some of Watis's divine' poetry, is a dialogue between a negro and a mi. nister of the gospel. The intention of converting and nations to Chriftianity is highly laudable ; but we fear that before the pretent


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