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any part of the Author's original design, viz. to prove, from expea rience, the exceeding pernicious tendency of our present syitem of goor lacus. To a well-informed reader the greatest part of the evils complainod of, are so plainly deducible from these laws, and are fo absolutely inseparable from the principle on which they are founded, chat nothing less than a radical alteration can prove in any respect beneficial. The well-intended amendments proposed by Mr. Gillingwater, and many oiher writers, are like the useless ariempts to prop up, and render perfect, a mouidering fabric founded on fand, and cemented with mire. They may amuse for a time, but cannot be productive of any latting advantage. What idea can the reader entertain of an improvement whose principal merit mult consist in the virtue, integrity, and humanity of the persons who are to carry the regulations into effect ?

MEDIC A L. · Art. 30. Experiments on the Red and Quill Peruvian Bark : · With Observations on its History, Mode of Operation, &c. Being

the Differtation which gained the Prize given by the Harveian Society at Edinburgh for the Year 1784. By Ralph Irving. 8vo. 35. fewed. Robinsons. 17855

These experiments are numerous, and properly adapted to determine the constituent parts, and the qualities, of the bark. Many of them, indeed, tend to explain the phenomena and properties of vegetable adstringents in general, rather than of the bark in par

ticular; an error into which writers on the materia medica easily - fall; the consequence of which is, that they often attribute to a

particular and favourite medicine the qualities and virtues of a whole class. Mr. Irving has, however, done the materia medica great service by these investigations, for he has not only determined the propertics of Peruvian Bark, but pointed out an excel. lent method of examining vegetable substances, and ascertaining their confticuent parts. Art. 31. The Family Medical Instrucior; containing a Selection

of interesting Subjects, calculated for the Information and Preservation of Mankind, &c. To which is added, an Appendix on Canine Madness. By C. Hall, M. D. 8vo. 29. 60. Shrews. bury printed, and fold by Stockdale, London,

A compilation from different authors on medical subjects calculated for the general use of country families; but the subjects are so few, and they are treated in fo fuperficial a manner, that we are apprehensive the Author's good intentions and instructions will not be productive of much real service 10 mankind. The Appendix, relative to canine madness, contains nothing new. A case of a fatal hydrophobia is given, but without any circumstances that render is remarkable. Art. 32. A Treatise on the Mineral Waters of Balaruc, in Lan.

guedoc, in France. By M. Pouzaire, M.D. With an English *Tranilation, and additional Cases, &c. By B. Pugh, M.D. 8vo. 35. sewed. Chelmsford printed, and sold by Goldsmith in London. 1765.

The publication before us, contains the French of Dr. Pouzaire, written, as we learn by an advertisement annexed to it, at the de

fure

fire of Dr. Pugh, who wished to translate it into Englit, and make it public in his own country, for the good of bumanity.' Dr. Pugh gives, therefore, a translation of M. Pouzaire's treatise, and adds some cases that occurred during his residence at Balaruc, while he was there attending his patient, Mr. Woolation. The properties and qualities of the waters of Balaruc have been sufficiently described by many medical writers; and the diseases in which they may prove useful, are pointed out by most of the authors at MontpelJier; especially by the eminent Sauvages (in his Nofologia Merhodica), who is not wanting in his commendations of the therma Bellilucane.

The present performance contains nothing of consequence; the analysis of the water is very imperfect, in an age when chemistry is brought to such perfection; and the medical uses of it are related, without any theoretical investigation.

Dr. Pugh's descriprion of Montpellier, and the adjacent country, may be entertaining and useful to such travellers as wish to visit the south of France, especially the defcription of the road, prices of Itage coaches, lodgings, &c. all which are here particularly noticed. Art. 33. A Treatise on Cancers, with an Account of a new and

successful Method of operating, &c. by which the Sufferings of the Patients are considerably diminished, the Cure greatly accelerated, and Deformity prevented. By Henry Fearon, Surgeon to the Surrey Dispensary. 8vo. 2s. 60. Johnson. 1786.

The method of operation here recommended by Mr. Fearon is the same which, on account of its fimplicity, we approved in our account * of the first edition of this performance. We are happy to find, that experience has established our Author's method: many additional cases are inserted, fully confirming its success. Art. 34. Observations upon the new Opinions of John Hunter, in

his late Treatise on the Venereal Disease. Part the Second. By Jesse Foot, Surgeon. 8vo. 25. 6d. Becket. 1786.

In our Review for October last we mentioned the first part of Mr. Foot's Observations; and what was there advanced is applicable to this part. Why will not disputants consider, that the intention of controversy should be the advancement of science, and that it should never be used as the vebicle of personal abuse? Our Author's just frictures lose much of their weight and force by the virulence of the manner in which they are delivered. Art. 35. Cautions concerning Cold bathing, and drinking Mineral

Waters. By William Buchan, M. D. Being an additional Chapter to the Ninth Edition of his Domesic Medicine. 8vo. od. Cadell, 1786.

These observations are just, and if the cautions of our Author were ftri&tly followed, we are confident that the melancholy consequences of injudicious cold-bathing and water-drinking would be less frequent. In this little treatise our Author also points out the cases in which the use of these remedies is proper, and shews the maoner in which they ought to be employed, either for curing dil. cases, or establishing the health of weak and relaxed constitucions.

* Vid. M. R. vol. Ixxiii. p. 302.

Horti.

HORTICULTURE. Art. 36. Miscellanies, on ancient and modern Gardening, and

on the Scenery of Nature. 8vo. 25. 6d. Walter. 178;

A canto of scraps, in prose and verse, from writers who have, professedly or incidentally, expatiated on the beauties of ornamental gardening and natural scenery : as-Homer, Virgil, Taso, Petrarch, Bacon, Shakespeare, Milton, Addison, Thomion, Whateley, the foreign Encyclopedies, and Journals, the Descriptions of Dovedale, Keswick, &c. &c. Art. 37. A Method to preserve Peach and Nectarine Trees from

the Effects of the Milderu; and for destroying the Red Spider in Melon Frames, and other Insects, which infeít Plants in Stoves, and Trees, Shrubs, &c. in the open Garden. By Robert Browne, Gardener to Sir Harbord Harbord, Bart. at Gunton in Norfolk., 12mo. 55. sewed. Printed by Subscription for the Author, and sold in London by Walter. 1786.

Mr. Browne's methods seem to be effectual, if thoroughly perlifted in; but the gardener must not grudge his labour ;-chat labour which, if repaid by plenty of fine fruit, will certainly be well be. ftowed. The same remark will equally apply, with respect to the high price of this very small book : for who can deem a crown too much for good instruction, in order to preserve what is so expensive to raise; and which, as the event shews, is often raised, only to feait insects and vermin?

MATHEMATICS, &c. Art. 38. A Key to Hutton's Arithmetic; containing the Solutions,

at full Length, of all the Questions proposed in that Work. By Charles Hutton, LL.D. F.R. S. &c. 12mo. 35. Boards. Robinsons. 1786.

A useful publication for those schcol-mallers who use the compendium, to which this is ' a Key.' We can give no other account of this work than what is contained in its title-page, except that, in those parts which we have examined, it appears to be free from error. Art. 39. A Syslem of Mechanics : being the Substance of Lec.

tures upon that Branch of Natural Philosophy. By the Rev. T. Parkinson, M. A. Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge. 4to. 165. sewed. Cadell.

This performance, says the Author in his preface, claims little more than the inferior merit of facilitating the progress of the fladent, by a selection from the works of others, which may supercede the necesity of applying to a multitude of books. To be of service to the ignorant and uninformed was the chief motive for undertaking this work, and the role object of attention in the execution of it: and Mr. P. has very commendably adduced his authorities, by mentioning at the bottom of his pages, the books from which he has selected his matter. He begins with an Introduction, containing some of the chief phenomena of nature, the rules of philofophizing, and the doctrine of ratios, which is very clear and

just.

The subjects of the different chapters into which the work is divided, are, 1. Of Maiter, in general. 2. Of Extension. 3. Of

Solidity;

Solidity; but comprehending also the general doctrine of absolute and relative Motion. 4. Inertia of Matter. In this chapter are found some very juft observations on the vis motrix, or vis viva, of a moving body, being that by which it communicates mosion, or change of motion to another body. Indeed we have never met with any thing more satisfactory on the subject. Then follow the general laws of motion, and the doctrine of the composition and resolu. tion of forces. 5. Attraction of Gravity. 6. Atraction of Cohe. fion, with some general Remarks on Hardness, Softness, and Elaf. ticity. 7. and 8. Mechanical Powers. Under the article Wedge, the mistakes of several authors are rectified, and the whole placed in a clear light. 0. Centre of Gravity. 10. Communication of Motion by direct and oblique Impact. This also comprehends the doctrine of the spontaneous centre of conversion of a body. u. Centres of Percussion, Oscillation, and Gyration. 12. Recrilineal Motion of Bodies; containing the general laws of acceleracing forces. 13. Pendulous, and, 14. Projectile Motion. The Author appears to have a clear idea of things himself, and also to poffefs the art of communicating it to others. His work contains 24 plates, neatly engraved. Art. 40. The Rudiments of Mathematics ; design.d for the Use

of Stodents at the Univerfities: Containing an Introduction to Algebra, Remarks on the first Six Books of Euclid, and the Elements of Plain Trigonometry. By W. Ludlam, late Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. 8vo. 35. Boards. Cadell.

1785.

This is a work of very great merit. Mr. L. observes, in his preface, that'no man can get any credit by making an horn-book for the babes in mathematics, though it may be an useful work.' Which is but too true, and has probably been the reason why the task of writing elementary treatiles, has so often fallen to the lot of unikilful hands : but when a master of the subject will deign to undertake it, the Public are much benefited, as in the present inlance. The book begins with the doctrine of vulgar fractions, which being well understood, a learner will find little difficulty in comprehending the elements of algebra, as here laid down. The remarks on Euclid are, in general, very just, and will help young tudents to comprehend the drift and design of that celebrated Au. chor. The trigonometry is brief, but easy to be understood ; and, in particular, here is an excellent elucidation of the several changes

in the algebraic signs, of the colines, tangents, &c. so necessary to · be observed in the solutions of altronomical and physical problems..

ANTIQUITI E S. Art. 41. Nenia Britannica, or an Account of some hundred

Sepulchres of the ancient Inhabitants of Britain. In Numbers. By the Rer. James Douglas, F. S. A. Nos. I. II. and III. Ful. 55. each. Nicol. 1786.

As this is a singular work, peculiarly adapted to illustrate the early part of the history of England, and of great importance to the an tiquary, we have deviated a little from our plan, for the purpose of announcing to our readers (especially those who admire the liudy of antiquity) a publication which will aford both plzaime and profit.

The

'The Author has opened several ancient tumuli or sepulchres, in which are found, deposited with the dead, according to the custom of the times, a variety of instruments of war, culinary or domestic utensils, rings, gems, coins, &c. These and every circumstance relative to the tombs, are particularly described, and the tombs themselves, with all their contents, are represented in aquatinta plates, which are ad. mirably adapted for conveying an'accurate idea of antique relics. Mr. Douglas proposes to complete this curious performance in twelve numbers, each of which will contain three plates, the Author's own etching, and the written description of what they represent.

NATURAL HISTORY. Art. 42. A mort EsJay on the Propagation and Disperfion of Animals

and Vegetables, being chiefly intended as an Answer to a Lercer lately published in favour of Equivocal Generation. izmo. Is. 6d. Wilkie. 1786.

Omne, vivum ex ovo is an axiom so universally received by natural. ifts, that every attempt to contradict it will be treated with ridi. cule *. The idea of equivocal generation will be easily refuted by tepeating the arguments of Ray, Harvey, Linnæus, Derham, and others, whose opinions are sufficiently known.

. NEGRO-SLAVERY. Art. 43. An Apology for Negro-Slavery: or the West India

Planters vindicated from the Charge of Inhuinanity. By the Au. thor of Letters to a young Planter. The second Edition with Additions. 8vo. 19. 60. Strachan. 1786.

We noticed the first edition of this work in our Review for June Jast, and explained the design of our Author ; who now, in addition to what he formerly advanced, makes some sensible remarks on a late pamphlet, entitled, An Esay or the Slavery and Commerce of ihe buman Species t. He charges the Author of that work with having misrepresented the treatment of negro-slaves in the West India islands, most of the affertions of that gentleman being, in his opinion, founded on the reports of people who had never been eye-witnesses to the circumstances they have related.

We give the more credit to the facts related in the present publi. cation, since the Author has been candid enough to subscribe it with his name, Gordon Turnbull. Anonymous information is always sufpicious; but when a man supports his assertions with the credit of his name and character, no 'respectable court of criticism' can quertion the truth of them-unless the strongelt grounds of suspicion appear.

VOYAGES, &C. Art. 44. A Journal of Captain Cook's laf Voyage to the Pacific

Ocean, on Discovery, performed in the Years 1776--to 1780. sl. lustrated with Cuts and a Chari, ihewing the Tracks of the Ships in this Expedition. A new Edition, compared with, and cor

* See our strictures on Mr. Jackson of Exeter's letter in support of equivocal generation, Rev. vol. Ixviii. p. 394 and 395, and again vol. Ixxi. p. 346. + See Review for Nov. laft, page 364. 3

rected

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