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party, and compute how far their power may be dangerous, should opportunity tempt them to be troublesome. Art. 17. Hiftorical Traels. By Sir John Davies, Attorney Ge

ral, and Speaker of the House of Commons in Ireland; confisting cf, I. A Discovery of the true Cause why Ireland was never brought under Obedience to the Crown of England. II. A Letter to the Earl of Salisbury, on the State of Ireland, in 1607. III. A Lester to the Earl of Salisbury, in 1610; giving an Account of the Plantation of Ulster. IV. A Speech to the Lord Deputy in 1613, tracing the ancient Conftitution of Ireland. To which is prefixed, A new Life of the Author, from authentic Documents. 8vo. 6s. bound. Stockdale, 1786.

Sir John Davies was an able lawyer, and not unknown as a lover of the muses; two avocations that have little affinity with each other; but the latter was the first pursuit ; and indeed he appears from his memoirs to have paid very little deference to the law, in the early part of his life, until his good sense corrected his eccentricities. In these tracts he exhibits himself in the character of a diligent member of the adminiftration in Ireland; zealous for the settlement and prosperity of that nation, and ftudious of the beft means of effecting there valuable purposes.

The first tract, which is also the first in its importance, has been several times printed; the other three have been collected from the literary treasures in the British Museum. The second and third contain much local information, gained by Sir John's attendance on the judicial progresses of the Lord Deputy in Uliter ; and they display a itriking view of the barbarism and lawless misery of the inhabitants at that time. The summary view of the Irish constitution given in the jaft article, his speech on being chosen and approved as speaker of the House of Commons there, is, according to the fashion of his cime, made subservient to the most extravagant panegyrics on King James, and on the Lord Deputy Chichester, to whom it was ad. drefied, Art. 18. A candid Review of the most important Occurrences that

took place in Ireland during the last ihree Years ; in which is comprised, 1. The Proceedings of the National Convention assembled in Dublin, November 1783, and the succeeding Year. II. Rise and Progress of the Bill for effectuating a commercial Intercourse between the two Nations on permanent and equitable Principles, III. His Grace of Portland's Reasons for opposing the twenty Propositions sent from the Commons to the Lords of England for their Consideration. IV. Proceedings of the Irish Legislature on the twenty Propofitions transmitted from England. V. Opinion of Mr. Fox's ministerial Character. VI. The probable Consequences of any Proposition in the British Parliament tending to an Únion with the fifter Nation. VII. The present State of the Prels in Ireland. 8vo. 15. 6d. Bell. 1786.

This is a sensible narrative of events ; but it will not be agreeable to all tastes. The writer does not exhibit the Irish convention in the most respectable point of view; and in his history of the commercial propositions, he shews the weakness of the objections started againit them by the ministerial oppofition here, and by the parlia

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ment in Ireland, . They were indeed very delicate subjects of consi. deration ; for, as this writer truly observes, every argument used in fupport of them on one side of the water, were so many reasons against them on the other side! He complains much of the abuse of the press in Ireland, by circulating horrible exaggerations of riotous proceedings, which give other nations a false idea of the internal flare of the country. But this is another subject of delicacy; nor do we clearly conceive the nature of the remedy he proposes against an evil that the Lamon in the preceding Addic's attribu:es to the printers in Dublin being chiefly Papills; a circumstance for which we have no better authority than his affertion. This Author favs, very confidently, that the establishment of an independent preis in Dublin, with a corresponding one in London, would in a very short time be productive of the best consequences to Ireland. When i mention an independent press, I mean one not in the least connected with miniiters, or any descriprion of people in opposition. The object of this inflitution is declared to be to report, faithfully and circumstantially, the various occurrences of the times. But what is to be underflood by an establishment not formed either by the government, or by the adversaries to the governing powers ? If a press is to be supported by any fanction whatever, it would become odious; if it is to depend on profit for support, it would stand on no better ground than the prefent presses; but must be regulated by the common principles of the trade, and must study the taste of the majority of readers : nor will any press attract attention by a tame caution of never printing any thing of the truth of which the printers are not allured. A printer of a newspaper at present amuses his readers with the current report of to-day; if it is a lie, so much the better ; to-morrow he corrects their judgment by declaring it falfe: the lie and the truth are there. fore both equally of use to keep his press in motion, for that with him is the first object; the people in general are fond of such fee. saw kind of entertainment, and will have it. Nor does there appear any means to conduct public intelligence upon a better plan than such as the people are willing to receive. Si populus vuli dicipi, dicifiatur: it is all for the good of trace, and that is fulficient for both printer and politician, who feel the pulse of the times as accurately as a physician feels a patient's pulse in a fever.

EAST INDIES. Art. 19. Memoirs relative to the State of India. By Warren

Hastings, Esq. late Governor General of Bengal. 8vo. 4s. Boards, Murray. 1786. .

Thefe Memoirs were originally printed by Mr. Halings at his first arrival from India, for private distribution ; when, as is usual in such cases, a bookseller got hold of a copy, and prinied it for fale * Thal edilion as naturally produced the imprellion now before us; for the preface informs us, that the former being printed from an imperfect copy, and without permission from the Au:hor, rendered it necessary for the present publisher to give a correct and authentic edition : he therefore applied to Mr. Hastings, and ob. Cained his confent. Both thele editions, to be correct, must corre.

* See Review, Oct, lait, p. 307.

“ Tasting's Review, &c.”

fpond

fpond with the Author's impression; but how far Kearsley's copy fails in this respect, cannot be determined without a careful collatico; a task which we cannot undertake. The Editor of this edition has, indeed, added some explanatory notes, which he confefres have not been communicated to Mr. Hastings; of course Mr. Haít. ings's consent could not extend to them. There is also added, in an Appendix, “A Narrative of the Flight of Prince Ichander Shah, eldeit Son of the Mogul Shah Allum, from his Father's Court at Dehly.” This is said to have been written by the prince, in the Persian language, at the request of Mr. Hastings; and to have been tranllated by Captain Jonathan Scott, who lately published the Me. moirs of Eradut Khan: of the authenticity of this journal we entertain no doubt; but it is so obscured by the peculiarity of Oriental terms, and so little explained by notes, that it is more valuable as a curiosity, than as a paper of information.

A head of Mr. Hastings is given as a frontispiece to this volume; said to be engraved from a painting by Zoffany. Art. 20. Letters of Albanicus to the People of England, on the

Partiality and Injustice of the Charges brought against Warren Hastings, Esq. 8vo. 29. Debrett. 1786.

Albanicus is a very fair and candid advocate, on general princi. ples, in behalf of Mr. Hastings; but most people have, by this time, made up their minds about the voluminous charges framed against him ; and it would be ill-natured not to allow Albanicus his Miare of merit, as an advocate, in' a cause which, no doubt, he thinks 2 good one.

POLITICAL and COMMERCIAL: Art. 25. A Woollen Draper's Letter to his Friends and Fellow

Tradesmen, all over England. Svo. is. French, in FenchurchStreet. 1786. - This supposed Woollen Draper *, who seems to be well acquainted with the subject he treats, endeavours to Thew his fellow tradesmen the very great injuries to which the woollen trade is exposed, by the commercial treaty, lately signed at Paris. He con. fiders the woollen trade as the most material support of our kingdom; and, with reluctance, acknowledges, that the manufacturer cannot, under our present heavy taxes, afford cloth at fo cheap a rate as our neighbours the French: he makes it appear that they can undersell us, even in our own markets; and, consequently, that they will engross the whole trade, if permitted to bring their goods to England. As the treaty hath not yet passed into a law, he requests his brethren in the woollen trade to exert themselves, by petitioning parliament, against a measure which, if carried into execution, will prove the inevitable ruin of many thousand families.

This honeft Draper's language and sentiments are plain, but forcible t; and he Thews his skill in political as well as commercial matters. In his own styie, the fample, which he hath here offered to the Public, is well wrought, and of a good fabric.

* Perhaps no more a Draper than Swift, who assumed that chara&ter. + The more forcible, indeed, from their plainness.

'Art.

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Art: 22. The Letters of an Englishman; in which the Principles

and Conduct of the Rockingham Party, when in Administration, and Opposition, are freely and impartially displayed. 8vo. 25. 6d. Stockdale. 1786.

These are a course of Letters that appeared lately in the Public Adverriser; they are written with ability and intelligence, and contain a severe scrutiny into the political evolutions of the most distinguished champions of the Rockingham party. Art. 23 A Rope's End for Hempen Monopolists : or, a Dialogue

between a Broker and a Rope-maker, &c. In which are reprefented, the pernicious Effects of the Rise in the Price of Hemp. By a Halter-maker, at the Service of all Monopolists. 8vo. 60. Sewell, &c.

An arraignment of the conduct of certain merchants and their broker, who, by a late monopoly of hemp, have, according to the Writer, done great injury to this country. When we consider the supply of cordage for our shipping, exclusive of all other branches of the hempen manufacture, the subject here treated appears to be of no small consequence. The present Dialogue is managed with good ability, on the part of the Author; who, from his knowledge of the maiter in debate, writes not only with judgment, but with a considerable degree of vivacity, and even some share of humour. Art. 24. Tracts on Subjeets of National Importance. First, On

the Advantages of Manufactures, Commerce, and great Towns to the Population and Prosperity of a Country. Second, Ditticulties stated to a proposed Assessment of the Land Tax; and another Subject of Taxation proposed, not liable to the fame Objections. By the Rev. John M.Farlan, D.D. F.R. S. Scota: Jand, Author of the Inquiries concerning the Poor * 8vo. Is. 6d. Murray. 1785.

If these eilays are not distinguihed by originality of thou ht or force of reasoning, chat could instruct the man of deep reflection, they are, at lealt, in general, juit in their conclusions. The Author has read most of the works of modern ivriters who have treated on these subjects, and has selected some of their plainest positions, which he has dreffed in his own manner; and as this will be more within the reach of persons of a mediocrity of parts than the wri. tings of men who venture to think for themselves, this publication will have its use. The new subject of taxation referred to in the second essay, is a tax upon Stock, to which we have no objections ; and, we think, he has fully succeeded in showing that it comes within the original spirit and meaning of the land-tax as at first ! imposed on the inhabitants of this country.

L AW. Art. 25. Every Man his own Proflor; containing Instructions

in what Manner to obtain Probate of Wills and Letters of Administration, without the Asistance of a Proctor. By a Gentleman of Doctors Coinmons. Svo. . 25. 6d. Cadell. 1986.

This publication contains, as the cițle professes, instruction how to proceed through all the intricacies of Doctors Commons, or other . . See Rev. vol. Ixviii. p: 532.

ecclesiastical

ecclefiaftical courts, where probates of wills and letters of admini. ' Stration are to be obtained. Art. 26. A concise Abstract of all the Public Afts, passed in the laft Seffion of Parliament from January 26th to October 27th, 1785. By a Barrister of the Inner Temple. 12mo. 25. 6d. Sewed. Fielding. 1786.

Abstracts of the Acts, if carefully made, are useful publications; and the necessity of them will be the more obvious, when it is con- ' fidered, that the laws ought to be made known, in fome degree, to every subject. Mr. Macnally (we think we have seen that gentleman's name in the advertisements] has here given all the Acts passed in the year 1785. The public statutes are abridged; while the private acts (as they are useful but to particular persons, or in particular places) have only the title and contents. The Author has distinctly given every section of each act, by which means obscurity is avoided; and indeed order and accuracy are essentially and peculiarly necessary in a publication of this kind ; for, without them, instead of giving adequate information, these abridgements might only serve to lead people into litigations and errors. Art. 27. A complete Compendium of the Militia Laws of England and Wales : being an Abftract of an Act of the last Sessions, intituled, An Act for reducing into one A&t of Parliament the Laws respecting the Militia. By a Gentleman of the Inner Temple. izmo. js. Ridgway. 1786.

The substance of the late generalising A&t concerning the militia, divefted of its redundant language. :

POLICE. Art. 28. An Esay towards establishing a System of Police on confitutional Principles : Consisting of Propositions for the effectual and immediate Suppression of Vagrancy, Thefts, Burglaries, Swindling, &c. 8vo 25. Wilkie. 1786.

The plan Mr. Barret proposes is somewhat similar to that of the French police; the spirit of which is, in every respect, hostile to“ the freedom of the subject, the advancement of science, and the wealth of a trading nation. Some of our Author's propofitions have too much the appearance of defporism to be admitted without Itria examination ; nor do they seem to be founded on the princi. pies of our excellent constitution, which will not suffer the unof. fending individual to be oppressed or embarrassed, or in any manner deprived of the free exercise of his civil and religious rights. The plausible argument that our Author's scheme will be a nacional saving of four millions per ann. ought to be ftri&tly scrutinized, as his eftimates seem to be made in terms rather too general : such as a certain writer calls, lumping conclusions.' Art. 29. An Essay on Paris IVorkhouses : With some Regula

tions proposed for their Improvement. By Edmund Gillingwater, Overseer of the Poor af Harleston, Norfolk. 8vo. 15. Robinsons. 1786.

The benevolent Writer of this pamphlet succeeds better in pointing out the defects than in devising improvements on the present mode of managing the poor in this country. His Essay is well calculated for one purpose that does not seem to have formed

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