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poliled Indian people, with the additional circumstance of a few men and other creatures having been saved in a large canoe. This curious subject is so well treated, that the philo. sophical reader will peruse it with pleasure.
The climate of Mexico next attracts the Abbé's attention, when he again thews the errors of the French writers.
One of the arguments most infifted on by Buffon and De Paw, to illustrate the unhappy nature of the American soil, and the malignity of its climate, is the pretended degeneracy of animals.
In the fourth differtation, the Author examines the proofs which these naturalists bring to support their opinions, and detects many contradictions into which they have fallen, The natural history of America wants much improvement, and we think this differiation affords many hints for such improvement. Pointing out the errors of reputable authors, is the first step (0ward reformation ; subsequent observation of facts muft then establish the true fyftem.
In the fifth dissertation, the Abbé treats of the physical and moral constitution of the Mexicans. Here M. de Paw is ably refuted, both with respect to what he advances concerning the corporeal and mental qualities of the Mexicans. The first Europeans who establithed themíelves in America, not less powerful than avaricious, desirous of enriching themselves to the detriment of the natives, kept them in a ftate of lavery, and considered them as satyrs. The millionaries having, in fix years, baptized above a million of these large apes and garces, the bishop of Tlafcala was under the necessity of obtaining a bull from the Pope, to make the Spaniards acknowledge the native Americans to be true men [veros homines). A copy of the origi. nal bull is given in a note; it is dated 1537, 410. non. Jun. Ds. Robertson, who has in some measure adopted the opinions of M. de Paw, is also refuted by the Abbé.
The fixth treatise is on the culture (probably civilization] of the Mexicans. The greatest part of the inhabitants of the new continent conselled a supreme omnipotent Being, although their belief was, like that of the vulgar among other people, mixed with errors and superstitions. They had temples and priefts, facrifices and rites for the uniform worship of the Divi. nity. They had a king, governors, and magiftrates. They had numerous cities, and an extensive population. They took great care to enforce justice and equity in commercial and civil contracts. Every individual was secured in his property and poffeffions. They exercised agriculture and other arts; not only those necessary to life, but such also as contributed to luxury and pleasure. What more is necessary to vindicate a nation from the imputation of being barbarous and lavage ? M. de
Paw deems them barbarous and favage, because they want
the Lacedemonians had no money,--yet these were civilized
The seventh differtation treats of the boundaries and popula-
The eighth explains the religious system of the Mexicans.
In the lait differtation, the Author attempts to refute Aftruc,
From the extracts which we have given, our Readers will
ERRATA in this Volume.
word, -which will restore the lense.
To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Voluine,
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
ACID, acetous, difference be-
creation, from an Indian his
tory of the world, 420.
- , relative, what, 102.
-, dephlogisticated, on the in.
account of, 546. Dr. Woide's
edit of, 545.
fius commended, 616.
reaped by, from her commercial
intercourse with France, 594..
highly instrumental, 333.
tions on the methods of gradu.
ating, 29, 157
ners, and the state of their re-
lian wars, 460.
that doctrine, 402.
gers, their vile practices expos-
App. Rev. Vol. LXXVI.
Alloon (air) account of the ca.
tastrophe of that by which
unhappy accid. investigated, ib.
thermometrical register, 19?.
ralytic cases, estimated by the
hospital register, 535. .
terment at Durham, 147
white mountains in New Hamp-
--his observations on
nips by drying, 470.
three books De Statu, &c. ib.
nection, as a writer, wich Steele,
in the Guardian, 23.
cerning the difference between
tion on spirit of wine, 554. .
count of, 428. Magnificent
Ch. I ib.
to which it is liable, considere
, Itructure of, enquiry con-
Butis, fanétuary of defcribed, 567. Condorcet, M. his eulogies on some
French academy, 238.
, his memoir on the
lative to some petrifactions curious exper, relative to, made
found near Maestricht, 106. at Hudson's Bay, 191.
later days to live on private
periments, as published in the D'Alembert, M. his eulogy, me-
Philosoph. Transactions, 193. moirs, and works, 238.
281. His method of getting the ocular spectra of light and
life and writings, 212.
periments at Hudson's Bay, re- ment, for a repeal of the test,
lative to freezing mixtures, 191. &c. 347. Charged with nar.
lative to the Indians of North Douglas, Mr. his disert. on brass
inftruments, &c. found in this
ation of the light of a star in the Dousing, Wm. his account of his
violent proceedings, in de-
of marine clocks, relative to churches, &c. 84.
Druses, a small independent na-
an Indian account of embaflies banon, &c. curious acc. of, 626.
of the Marratta state, 482. - , of fishes, curious account
count of his misrepresentations Earth, the late subsidence of a por-
of the Quakers, &c. 337. tion of, near Folkstone, 195,
acquaintance, and difference, with Flagg. See Patterson.
Egyptians, modern, their madners
tenor of their lives, and ex-
cess of the mortality of males Electricity; Van Marum's exper.
above that of females, 120. relative to, 581. His grand
both in surface and power, 582.
Extraordinary effects of, 583. CAs, inflammable. See Monge.
Phenomena resulting, 584. Gentil, M. his memoir on the
finities of substances in spirit of Gilpin, Mr. his observ. on the
annual passage of herrings, 146.
without his name, $24. Gout, new theory of, and method
Grauchain, M. de, his observ, on
a folar and a lunar eclipse, 219.
Gray, Mr. critical remarks on his
HAbakkuk, animated passage in;
troversy on that subject, 410 -
concerning, 318. Compound. Hamilton, Sir W. his particulars
explained, 145. A new elec- covered in that neighbourhood,
dia, 70. Recommends the
, Captain, his cranslation of Geeta, 203. His laudable en-
of Indian literature, 301. Pro-
accruing from a commercial ment, and publications pro and
Heat, philol. investigaced, 319.
new hygrometer, 389. Sundry Herrings. See Gilpin.
of the opric pencil, 198.