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Art. 56. Advice to a young Rider ; or Travelling Tradesman. In
a Letter from a Mother to her Son. Svo. 6d. Johnson. 1786. • A fober moral exhortation, that may be read with profit by all young tradesmen, whether they travel the country, or attend businels at home. Art. 57. The Candcur and Liberality of one of his Majesty's principal
Secretaries of Siate, exemplified in the Case of Edward Morje, Esq. many Years Chief Justice of Senegambia, in Africa. 4to. is. Ridgeway. 1787.
It appears that Mr. Morse was appointed chief justice of Senegambia in 1772 ; that in 1773, being very ill, and obliged to come to England, the province was in great distress from the mal-adminiftration of the Lieutenant Governor, and that, though still in a very bad state of health, Mr. M, was sent to quell the disturbances ; which having effected, he again returned to England in 1777 ; that though Senegambia was taken by the French in 1778, his falary continued to be paid up to the 25th of December 1780; that from this time till two years and a half after, the salary was suspended, but on presenting memorials to the Commiflioners of the Treasury, it was paid up to June 1983; and that Mr, M. has not received the Imallest compensation' since that time.
That in the same year he drew up and delivered to Lord Syd. ney a plan for erecting a colony in the territory of the river Gambia;' that the plan being adopted, he was appointed chief justice of the intended new colony, but that his Majelty afterward abandoned the undertaking ; that on Mr. Morse complaining of this disappointment to Lord Sydney, that nobleman acknowledged that the care " was an hard one --and that he would take the earliest opportunity of providing for him ;" that after such like repeated promises from Lord S. during several years, Mr. Morse was at length told by Mr. Nepean, as from Lord Sydney, that “he was not to expect any kind of provision from Government, for that his case did not appear to be so hard as it was thought to have been.” By these disappointments, Mr. M. and his family have been reduced to the greatest distresses, as the newspapers have frequently informed the public.
Such is the abstract of this case, which is written in a plain and modest manner, and contains no improper or unpolice language concerning Lord S. which the hard fhips of Mr. M.'s case, if ítrictly true, might in some measure justiiy. We say if friely true, because we have lived long enough in the world not to be deceived by the most specious pretences; and though we know nothing personally or privately of the Author, and have no reason to disbelieve his narrative, yet we bear in mind Horace's well known audi alteram fartem, and Solomon's He that is first in his own cause frèmeth just, &c. and since Mr. M. informs us, in a polticript, ' that there is an intention to contradict this narrative,' we shall not give our opinion in this matter, till we have seen the intended publication.
Mr. M. also adds an affidavit of the truth of the whole of his nar. rative, and especially of the juliness of the ftatement of a particular conversation between him and Lord S. which the latter has since difavowed, OO 2
Art. 58. A brief Account of the Hof-ital of St. Elizabeib, annexed
to the Imperial Monastery of St. Maximis, of the Benediâines, in the Electorate of Treves. Tranilated from the Latin. With Notes. Large 8vo. 65. sewed. Dilly. 17°5.
In our Review for April last, p. 33;. we gave an account of the original of this work; and we are happy in seeing a publication calculated to promote both civil and religious liberty, put into an English dress, with judgment and propriety. The liberal spirit of The original is well preserved by the translator ; who hath also thewn that he possesses, in an eminent degree, those mild and benign prin. ciples which true Christianity inculcates, and that he holds in biter detestation those intolerant practices which have diftinguished and disgraced the poffeffors of ecclefiaftic power.
The Translator's preface is signed C. L. which we interpret Ca;d Lofft. It contains much curious historical information, and explaios the design of the Translator, which is to set in full view the contrast between the spirits of blind obedience, and enligbtening freedom.
The notes and miscellaneous remarks which are added by the Translator, are most of them taken from such writers as have been distinguished for their love of freedom, and for their liberal sentiments. We are presented with large extracts from the American constitutions, 'which,' as the Annotator observes, • breathe a spirit very opposite to that of monkery and religious tyranny; and prove, though in different degrees, that what a few wife and honest men say, it might be imagined, with little effea, in one age and country, makes its appearance, often in a manner that could leaft have been predicted, in orber times and communities.' Our Annotator's remarks on many of the articles of these conftitutions are judicious, and new that his thoughts on toleration and religious freedom are not the hasty effufions of licentiousness or fanaticism, but calm conclusions, deduced by mature reflection, and an intimate knowledge of the subject, guided by Christian benevolence and fincerity. This tract is printed with remarkable elegance.
RELIGIOUS. Art. 59. A Defence of the Conduct and Writings of the Rev. Artbur
O'Leary, during the late Disturbances in Muniter : With a full Justification of the Irish Catholics, and an Account of the Rifings of the White Boys. Written by himself; in Answer to the falle Accusations of Theophilus *, and the ill-grounded Infinuations of the Right Reverend Dr. Woodward, Lord Bishop of Cloyne t. 8vo. 25. 6d. Keating.
The Bihop of Coyne, by declaring the Presbyterians and the Catholics unworthy the confidence of government, and by infiou. ating that Mr. O'Leary indirectly infigated the riots of the White Boys, has already received the recort courteous from Dr. Campbell, t as the champion of the former; and now finds that Mr. O'Leary is equally unwilling to submit to the Bishop's centure, or to suffer his Catholic brethren to lie onder the severe imputation of being
* Rev. Jan, lait, p. 57. P. 442.
† Rev. April, p. 341.
the the principal agents in the riotous opposition to tithes. “Dr. Woodward and I live in the same county ; can he stand forth and arraign my conduet?” This is not the language of a man conscious of the danger of a scrutiny.
Mr. O'Leary is an acute ingenious opponent, who resists the Bishop on one side as warmly as Dr. Campbell does on the other; and it had perhaps been better if his Lordship, in such a season as he has described, had guarded against giving offence to either of them. If we attend to Dr. Campbell, the Presbyterians have at all times proved, in general, better friends to the Protestant government in Ireland, than the members of the established church : If we give credit to Mr. O'Leary, the disorders complained of, are greatly exaggerated, and that in those outrages which did take place, the Proteftants were to the full as active as the Catholics, being equal sufferers under the exactions of the tiche farmers. Had the Bishop of Cloyne, says he, been as active in enforcing peace and subordination as I have been, the fire, which was first kindled in his diocese, would have been extinguished before it increased to a contagration.'
'If in the long space of fifteen months he was really convinced that the vessel of the established religion, of which he is one of the pilots, was in imminent danger, why has he slept at the helm ? When the storm is over, and the sea exhibits a smooth surface, he sings the doleful ditty of the thipwrecked mariner all over the three kingdoms; but where was he when the ship was on the point of sinking? Where was the pastoral letter, where was the pathetic address ? &c.'
With respect to instigation of the Irish Catholics by foreign powers, Mr. O'Leary replies, · He (the Bishop) alarms the dissenters with the apprehensions, that if they do not allilt him in keeping the tithes, the Catholic clergy will have them with the asistance of a foreign power. Mr. Barber ingeniously answers, that it is equal to him who has the tithes, whether it be Peter, Martin, or John, since they are of no benefit to him, either with regard to foul or body. If his Lordship be afraid, that the Catholic clergy will deprive him of all the tithes, with the allítance of a foreign power, I can assure him that he has nothing to appréhend from foreign powers. They will never invade Ireland in order to procure tithes for the Catholic clergy. This indeed would be a war of proctors and tithe-canters. Farther, I can assure his Lordship, that foreign powers are more inclined to reduce the revenues of their own national clergy, than to make war for the Catholic clergy of Ireland. All this is plausible, and may possibly be true; but Mr. O'Leary may be fairly asked, whether a neighbouring monarch did not make war to procure for the North Americans what he will not confer on his own subjects ? Art. 60. Two Letters to David Hume. By one of the People called
Quakers ; containing Remarks on his Philosophical Esays. 8vo. 6d. Crowder, &c.
These letters appear to have been abstracted * (as they say, in! Scotland) from a book entitled Letters written in London by an American Spy; of which we gave some account in the Review for December 1786, p. 473. The Writer seriously admonishes David in
the Quaker style, concerning his infidelity; but whether the letters were in reality ever sent to him, we are not informed. If they were, there is no probability that any answer was returned. David hated controversy, and never replied to his Answerers. Art. 61. Iwo Funeral Sermons, occasioned by the Death of two
Young Women, preached at Peckham in Surrey, Oct. 17, 1784 ; and Nov, 6, 1785. by R. Jones. 1 2mo. Is, td. Dilly.
'The impreilion which is made by Funeral Serinons is often more owing to the melancholy circumilances of the events which occafion them, than to any extraordinary merit in the preacher. A discourse of this kind, which had a Atriking effect in the delivery, may appear trite and uninteresting on the subsequent perusal. Had the Author of these Sermons attended to this, he would probably bave contented himself with the credit they gained him on their firit publication from the pulpit. Art. 62. Four Dialogues on the Doctrine of the Holy Trinity, as
taught throughout the Scriptures, and on other Points which have of late been Subjects of frequent discussion. By E. W. Whitaker, Rector of St. Mildred's and All Saints, Canterbury. Evo. 29. Rivingtons. 1785.
This champion is a much greater master of the art of offince than of the art of defence. On the defensive, he maintains that the damnatory clauses in the Athanafian Creed are expressive of a charitable spirit - afferts, that a man who does not find a proof of the doctrine of the Trinity in the words, “ Let us make man," is igno. rant of the general principles of grammar--and infers, that unless Chrift be God he cannot be a Saviour, from the words in the prophecy of Horea, " There is no Saviour besides me.” On the offen. five, he charges Dr. Prieitley (against whom this attack is chiefly levelled) with maintaining, with unbluhing obstinacy, points in which he has been repeatedly confuced, and with entire unskilfulness in the language in which the greater part of the history he pretends to elucidate is locked up; calls in qucllion his fagacity and fincerity; and speaks of him as a writer no longer worthy of a serious antwer. Sach auxiliaries can be of little service to any cause; they had much better draw off their feeble and ill-trained forces, and leave a clear held to the principal combatanis.
SE R M O N S. I. Preached at St. Peter, Carmarthen, Sept. 14, 1786, before the
Society for the Relief of distrefied Clergymen, their Widows and Orphans. By Edward Lord Bishop of St. David's. 410. 15. Bew. 1786.
From the words of the Apostle, “ We being mary are one body in Chrift, and every one members one of another," Rom. xii. 5. the Right Rev. preacher shews, that every man, even the least in common estimation, even he who lives in the most abject condition, may, by a regularity of life, and lobriety of conduct, contribute to the promotion of God's kingdom on earth, and is therefore entitled to the common blemings ci l'rovidence here, and to the protection of this fpiritual communion, ci which he is a member.' His Lordfhip
concludes concludes with recommending, as proper cbjects of charity, the dif. treffed members of Christ, especially the inferior clergy, who al. though appointed by authority to the office of the ministry, a'e not allowed (for reasons which the Bishop says he shall not at present enquire into a sufficient maintenance. II. Confirmation. Preached at the Visitation of the Bishop of Lon.
don, at Thaxted, Elex, May 26, 1786. By the Rev. John Howlett, Vicar of Great Baddow. to..is. Richardson.
Mr. Howlett has, in this defence of Corfirmation, offered such as. guments as will naturally occur to men of sente and piety, who have a conscientious reverence for the subject, in recommendation of this rite. The preacher, though evidently much in earnett, is no bigot. He ably vindicates the establishment to which he belongs, in respect of this institution ; and, at the same time, he allows, on the most candid construction, free liberty of diffent to those who apprehend that the ordinance in queftion, only tends to confirm the peo; le in ignorance and crrer.' III. Preached at the Drum-head, in the Queen's Square at Lan
caster, Oct. 1, 1786, before the 40th Regiment, on the Delivery of the New Colours. By George Vanbrugh, LL. B. 4to. 15. Johnson, 1786.
The text is, Love the brotherhood: fear God: bonour the King. These three important injunctions are separately enforced by Mr. Vanbrugh, in a manner suitable to the character of his audience. IV. Preached to the Congregation of Protestant Diffenters at Walt
hamstow, Feb. 18, 1787, on the Death of the Rev. Hugh Farmer, who died Feb. 5, 1787. By Thomas Urwick. 8vo. od. Buck. land.
The most interesting and valuable part of those Funeral Sermons which are occasioned by the death of great and learned men, is, doubtless, the Memoir. To this, therefore, we think preachers should give ample space and endeavour to render it the moit accurate and finished part of the composition. When a Sermon is published on the death of such a man as Mr. Farmer, we hurry over the disquisition of the text as mere prefatory matter, reserving our principal at. tention for what is peculiar to the occasion, the account of the mait and the scholar, and suffer nó little disappointment, after going through the several heads and improvement of a long discourse, to find only a mere fred of biography tacked to the end of it.
We were led to these remarks by the Sermon now before u«; though it is but justice to observe that the defect of which we complain is by no means peculiar to it. Mr. Urwick’s discourle thews him to be a sensible and useful preacher; but he must forgive us, if we say it did not satisfy us in its account of the deceased. We were surprised at the very Night mention of Mr. Farmer's literary character, which was acknowledged to be eminent, pot only by Dilen ters, but also by the most Icarned divines of the Establishment. Mr. Urwick, we are perfuaded, does not mean in the note, p. 33, to excite the idea which the word domestic will probably convey to many of his readers, that Mr. Farmer was a servant in Mr. Snell's family. It is certainly a milbake, a substitution of one word for another ; as muit also be the