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lawful commands. If such an order as is stated should be given and disobeyed, a court-martial would try it, and determine whether or not it was a lawful command. If it was obeyed, be the con. sequence what it might, there would be end of the discipline of the navy if the officer could be tried for murder; for, if he could be so tried in the worst case that could be put, he might be tried in every case, and he would be answerable to be tried for his life for any ac. cident occafioning death that happened to any man in his ship, or under his command, in the execution of any hazardous order; nav, he might be tried, for every ship and for all the lives on board, that should be lost, by obeying any order from him. It is not sufficient to say, that he could only be convicted when he knew that the in. fallible consequence of his order would be, the death of the man, or the loss of the ship; because, if he can be tried in any such case, he may be tried in every case; and what an occasion would such a doctrine afford, to persons unwilling to do their duty, of obstructing the public service, by threatening prosecutions in consequence of every order, and foretelling what would happen if obeyed, having themselves in a great measure the power of fulfilling their prediction.'
Rigid as this doctrine may be deemed, it is as essential to the nature of the service required, as that service is to the safety of the ftate; nor can it be deemed too rigid, while there is no want of med from all stations of life, desirous of subscribing to the full extent of it: in this view, no extraneous principles whatever ought to be admitted that can in the least degree tend to relaxation. Every one must be sensible of the difference between a mob convulsed by dir. cordant caprices, and a regular body of men guided and actuated by one will. Art. 43. Anno 27mo Georgii III. An Ad for repealing the several
Duties of Customs and Excise, and granting other Duties in lieu thereof, and for applying the said Duties, together with other Duties com posing ihe public Revenue; for permitting the Importation of certain Goods, Wares, and Merchandize, the Produce or Manufacture of the European Dominions of the French Kins, into this Kingdom, &c. Folio. gs. The King's Printers.
Though we do not ordinarily notice acts of parliament, we think ourselves obliged to acquaint our readers with this, which so greatly concerns the public revenue. By this act, the old duties and draw. backs are to cease, and new ones are to be levied, from May 10, 1787, according to the rates specified in six annexed schedules, which form a complete book of rates, both of the Custom and Excise duties. By the arrangement here made, any person may instantly inform himself of the daty and drawbacks on any particular article. Art. 44. Tables of the net Duties fayable, and drawbacks allowed,
on Goods, Wares, Esc. Published under the inspection of Mr. Ed. ward James Maical, of the Cuit m House. 8vo. 28. 6d. Lowndes. 1787
The schedules mentioned in the foregoing article are here put into a smaller form, several alphabets of the former being reduced
to one, so as to give a more comprehensive view of the whole. We cannot however suppose that any abridgement, though it may be more portable, or convenient, can, in point of correctness, be preferable to the original, published by authority.
"MEDICAL. Art. 45. An Account of Cures, by the Vegetable Syrup of Mr. De
Velnos, in the Venereal Disease. 8vo. 6d. Sold at No. 21.
Frith-Street, Soho. Art. 46. Hints to Families on the increasing prevalence of Scro.
phulas, Asthmas, Consumptions, and Palsies, from the prefene Method of Treatment in the Meatles and Small-pox. By Isaac
Swainson. 8vo. 6d. Ridgeway. 1787. · These two publications speak, in strong terms, of the eficacy of Velnos' Vegetable Syrup, especially in fcrophulous cases. As to the production of scrophula by an excessive antipblogistic treatment of the small-pox, our sentiments are different from those of Mr. Swainson, and muit remain so, until facts and experience, joined with Mr. Swainson's reasoning, confirm his doctrine. We have frequently seen glandular swellings succeed the inoculated small-pox; but these tumours differ effentially from the scrophula in being inffama. tory, easy of suppuration, readily healed, &c. Mr. Swainson julliy remarks, that the antiphlogistic regimen is carried to excess; a cer. tain degree of warmth is absolutely necessary for the discharge of the morbific matter, either by means of the eruption or insensible perspiration. Art. 47. Narrative of the efficacy of Bath Waters, in various kinds
of Paralytic Disorders admitted into the Bath Hospital from the end of 1775 to the end of 1785; with particular Relations of 52 Cares. Published by order of the Committee at the Hospital expence. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Bath, Cruttwell. London, Dilly. 1787.
By this statement of the success of Bath waters, in cases of palfies, for 10 years, it appears, that 1102 paralytic patients were received into the Hospital; of these 217 were cured'; 596 were benefited ; 233 were not benefited ; and 36 died. This part of the publication is an extract from the Hospital register, made by the attending physicians and surgeons; yet the principal part of the performance is a minute relation of 52 particular cases of palsy, in which the waters of Bath had been used with the particular view of determining their antiparalytic quality. It is from facts alone, when faithfully related, that the iredical properties of any remedy can be ascertained. On this principle, the authors of the present publication have specified each case, and have given a particular description of the leading symptoins, before, during, and after, the use of the waters; so that their efficacy is placed in a most conspicuous point of view. Art. 48. T'he Edinburgh new Dispensatory : Containing, first, The
Elements of Pharmaceutical Chemistry. 2dly, The Materia Me. dica, or an Alphabetical Arrangement of the Substances employed in Medicine ; with an Account of their Virtues and Uses. . 3d!y,
Pharmaceutical Preparations. 4thly, Medicinal Compositions. The two latter Parts comprehending the Preparations and Compositions of the last London and Edinburgh Pharmacopeias, with such of the Old Ones as are kept in the Shops; and also the most Useful of those directed in the London Hospitals and the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh ; together with the most esteemed Foreign Medicines; and a Variety of elegant extemporaneous Forms digested in a regular Method ; and the different Departments enriched by the Introduction and Application of the later Dis. coveries in Natural History, Chemistry, and Medicine ; with par. ticular Directions for performing the various Processes; Remarks on the Properties and Uses of the several Subjects; the Means of distinguishing spurious Substitutes, and of detecting Adulterations, &c. The whole being an Improvement upon the new Dispensa. tory of Dr. Lewis. By a Gentleman of the Faculty at Edinburgh. 8vo. 75. 6d. bound. Elliot, Edinburgh. Robinsons, London. 1786.
As this compilation seems to answer, very well, to the description given of it in the circumstantial title page, it must be a useful performance, and as such we recommend it, as far as we are authorised to do from a cursory inspection : A particular examin. ation would require more time than we can allow to an article of this kind. Art. 49. A Treatise on Cheltenham Water, and its great Use in the
present Pestilential Constitution, &c. By John Barker. 8vo. is. 6d. Birmingham printed, 1786.
In this work, the Author, after considering spring water in general, treats largely on the mineral spring at Cheltenham. His chemistry, however, is not adapted to the present times. As to the Author's Medical advice, with respect to the regimen necessary to be observed duri' g our drinking the Cheltenham water, we do not find that it contains any new thoughts. The cases which Mr. Barker has added, illustrating the good effects of the water, are the most valuable part of the work, but they would have been much better had they been barely related without the reflections which the Au. thor has made on them. Art. 50. Observations on the Use and Abuse of the Cheltenbam
Waters, in which are included Occasional Remarks on different Saline Compositions. By J. Smith, M. D. Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford. 8vo. Is. 6d. Murray. 1786.
The Author says, in his preface, that this publication was undertaken, not with any view of recommending the waters to the atten. tion of the public, but chiefly in order to correct some errors and abuses in the dispensation of them: He, therefore, gives no analysis of the water, but confines himself wholly to its medical qualities, and to the consideration of such maladies as may be relieved by its use. The Cheltenham water abounds with Glauber's and Epsom falts, and consequently acts as a purgative; and, containing a 1mall portion of iron, it counteracts that relaxation which ordinary faline purgatives generally occasion.
The Profesor does not however restrain himself from taking an ample and extensive view of the action of Caline substances on the
human body; he explains their mode of operation, relates the effects they produce, and examines the cases in which they may be ad. miniflered with success.
MISCELLANE O U s. Art. 51. Enquiries concerning Lettres de Cachet ; the Consequences
of arbitrary Imprisonments; and a History of the Inconveniencies, Distresses, and Sufferings of State Prisoners. Written in the Dungeon of the Castle of Vincennes by the Count de Mirabeau. With a Preface by the Translator. 8vo. 2 Vols. 125. Boards. Robinsons. 1786.
In the Appendix to our LXVIIth volume, page 537, we gave a circumst intial account of the original of this work, soon after its publication at Neufchatel; we shall therefore refer our Readers to that article, adding, that the translation is well executed, and more free from Gallicisms than the generality of works that are translated from the French. Art. 52. An Address to Tradesmen, particularly Shop-keepers, through.
out the Kingdom : containing, Observations on the Mischiefs and Obstructions to the Prosperity of fair Trade, from the evil Practices of Hawkers, Riders, Smugglers, &c. with Propositions for Remedy thereof, and for a further Amendment of the Shop Tax. By a Tradesman. 8vo. 6d. Richardson. 1786.
This pamphlet is evidently the production of some man in business; and is a sensible, but rambling performance: for when men, not used to express their minds on paper, undertake such a task, they generally exhaust their subject, or, more properly, snatch the opportunity to give their thoughts on all subjects they can introduce and connect with the professed one. When the legislature have cleared their hands of the regulations of foreign commerce, ample work is here cut out for the reformation of abuses in our internal trade. Art. 53. The Children's Friend. Translated from the French of
M. Berquin. Complete in four Volumes. Ornamented with Frontispieces. 1 2 mo. 8s. Stockdale. 1787.
• We flatter ourselves (says the translator), that we shall offer no unacceptable present to the public, in giving a complete translation of all the works of the admired M. Berquin. As to the accuracy of the translation, it becomes us to be filent; nor do que pretend to any higher merit than that of being faithful imitators of a great ori. ginal.' The present translator has judiciously thought it right to take some liberties with his original, and where he has confined himself to merely altering the language and idioms, he has generally, succeeded, and rendered those parts more suitable to an English reader ; but where he has altered whole scenes in the dramas, and formed new incidents, we think he has not been so happy in every instance, though sometimes he has succeeded in adapting the original to the manner of this country. We wish we could demonstrate the truth of this observation by some proper extracts; but as we have more than once before mentioned M. Berquin's works, we can now only notice them in a cursory manner. Rev. June, 1787.
We here and there meet with Scotticisms or Irishisms; and the Janguage is sometimes reprehenfible on the score of inelegance, as,
it is they,'~ I am the liker my little musician,' &c. &c. The translator has, however, been very judicious in some of his alterations, where the persons represented are clowns, &c. by suiting the names and phraseology to che manners and customs of the English rustic; and his poetical translations of the French verses are far from contemptible. . When we consider it altogether, we think that this work, notwithstanding the errors that are to be found in it, certainly has a considerable fare of merit, and will be an acceptable present to children who cannot as yet read the original. Art. 54. The Antiquities of Stamford and St. Martin's. Compiled
chiefly from the Annals of the Rev. Francis Peck. With Notes. By W. Harrod. 12 mo. 2 Vols. 75. Boards. Stamford, printed by the Author, and sold by Lowndes in London.
Four reasons are asigned for this publication : The first is · The scarcity of the present histories of Stamford. II. · The length of time elapsed since their publication.' . III. • That by methodizing and pruning the redundancies of former writers, a history less exceptionable than the preceding might be obtained.' The last, though, says our cheerful Editor, not the least, is-my own private emolument. Yet he adds, “as egotism is a figure of speech which no reader is fond of, and myself being as little fond of it as any reader, I Thall not dwell on this, but infilt on the three former heads
It sufficiently appears that a work of this kind was wanting. Nr. Peck, an industrious antiquary, brought down his annals no lower than 1461, and though collected with great care, they will afford but little pleasure except to the professed antiquary. Other books of the kind are short, defective, and yet very scarce. On such accounts, taking Peck for his ground, and using what other helps he could obtain, Mr. Harrod brings down his work to the present time. He acknowledges obligation to several who have contributed to his allillance, and in particular to the Earl of Exeter, • for the privilege of consulting his libraries, and for enabling this compiler to give a correct account of his moit valuable pictures.' He afligns as a reason for the small size of his volumes, his opinion, that a great bock is a great evil. Should any say that this is arguing against his own intereft, fince he has some folio's to dispose of; he replies, he has some little reason to lament, with Fulmer in the Weit Indian, that when I set up bookselling the people left off reading.' He has bestowed attention and labour on his work, which, though it will admit no doubt of emendations and improvement, is entertaining and inforining; and will be particularly acceptable to those who have connections with Stamford and its environs. . Art. 55. Memoirs of the late Pious and Reverend Gabriel D'Anville,
V.D. M. Including several Anecdotes, &c. &c. 12mo. 2 Vols. 55. Bew. 1787.
See this work characterised last month, p. 455. under the title of Gospel Experiences.