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Art. 32. The History of Captain and Miss Rivers. 12mo. 3 Vols.
7s.6d. sewed. Hookham. 1787. This Author appears to be so highly delighted with his performance *, that we imagine he will scarcely believe us when we tell him that it is greatly wanting in effentials, i. e. in character, style and sentiment;-or should he even be convinced of the truth of what we say, it is not improbable but that, like Horace's enraptured citizen, who sat applauding imaginary actors, he will abuse the very friends who have kindly roused him from bis reverie. Art. 33. Olivia : or, Deserted; Bride. 12mo. 3 Vols. 75. 6d.
sewed. Lane. 1787.
The cruel writ, wherein you stand
You have purloin'di' Yes, fair lady, you stand indicted of purloining much, very much, from the several novelists who have immediately preceded you, and that with so little taste and judgment, that we cannot even commend your talent at selection t. All we can honeftly allow is, that Olivia is much better written than most of the novels of the day; though it should at the same time be observed, that the style of it is by no means perfectly elegant. Art. 34. The History of Charles Falkland, Esq. and Miss Louisa
Saville. 12mo. 2 Vols. 55. sewed. Noble. 1787. It was formerly the practice to finish every novel with a wedding, It is now become the fashion to conclude them, generally, with a funeral.—The heroes and heroineś muft all be buried. In the per. formance now before us (which by the way is nothing more than the old and hacknied story of a violated female and an injured friend) the dead are quite as numerous as in the mock-heroics of Chrononhotonthologos, and Tom Thumb.-But the aim of the writers, we suppose, is to awaken pity; and they not unfrequently succeed. Art. 35. Excesive Sensibility; or the History of Lady St. Laurence.
12mo. 2 Vols. 55. sewed. Robinsons. 19;. • The following Metts,' says the Author of this novel, in his de. dication of it to the Lady Fairford,' are intended to exhibit a true picture of the depravity of modern manners,'--and it must be acknowledged that some of this gentleman's characters are delineated with a bold and glowing pencil, and in a manner that suiticiently indicates his acquaintance with the human heart. His moral and
* Witness his dedication to Miss Athby, in which he observes,• A lady of quality, who hath long honoured me with her attention, and who, from the goodness of her heart, which ever prompts her to serve and to oblige, undertook to have it printed, being previously assured by the bookseller, that it would please, and insure a good fale, &c.
+ The incidents in this novel bear, in particular, so strong a refemblance to those of Elfrida (see Review for April last), that we think it scarcely pollible Tuch resemblance should be accidental. .
conclusion also being good, the punishment of vice, and the reward of virtue, deserves commendation, in this age particularly, woea novels are so numerous ; when so few have any moral at all, a: when even fome not only idly and unprofitably waste the time, bs also leave bad impressions on the heart, of the young, unwart, and inexperienced reader. The Author's style, however, is frequerd faulty and inelegant, as will be seen by the following passages-e which kind, • Excellive Sensibility'affords a confiderable number.
' But I forgot to whom I am writing, a man of fzon 11 whom all these little minutix are above his consideration.'
• The man must want taste indeed, that can ever tire of locking on her.'
• If I could once more inspire her with a relish for the count, of which he used to be lavish of her fraise, I would yet exped to wean her from these follies.'
• My husband had forgot me! my parents dead! and me the cause of hastening them to the grave!' Art. 36. The Platonic Marriage. In a Series of Letters. By Mrs.
Cartwright. Izmo. 3 Vols. 75. 6d. fewed. Hookham, tra 14786.
This novel we think should have borne a second title, " or the man in love with his grandmother.” The story is briefly as fcl. lows:
Miss Villeroy is reduced, by a train of unfortunate circumfarces, from a state of afluence to that of poverty. In the height of her difirefs, and having an aged father to support, f.e commificas a faithful servant to dispose of some embroidery, the work of bas hands. They are at this time at L- near Paris. The said fervant accordingly visits that city, and sells a waistcoat, with which she was entrusted by her mistress, to a gentleman who called tim. self Monfieur D-, but whom they afterwards found to be the Duke of A--- His Grace discovers the retreat of Miss Villeroy, and relieves her distresses. The Duke's kindness, however, occaicas reports prejudicial to the Lady's honour. (The Duke of A. is eighty years of age, and Miss Villeroy is about fixteen). Top the tongue of slander, therefore, the parties enter into a connubial engagement an union of minds; or, as our Author is pleased to term it, a' Platonic marriage.'
In the mean time, Lord Edward Carteret, grandson of the Duke of A. finds by accident the portrait of a lady, and, like another Pygmalion, becomes enamoured of the inanimate beautv. He searches diligently for the enchanting original; and at length dir. covers her in the person of his grandmother, the Duchess of A. whom he waits on in consequence of her marriage with his relation, His Lord ship is particularly happy in the meeting; and as the growing infirmities of the Duke seem to threaten him with a speedy diffolution, he is in hope of poffeffing the object of his love. The canonical interdiction however, a man is not to marry his grand. mother,' awakens all his fears, and he really knows not how to act. But he is soon relieved from his embarrasiment;- in a very few months his good and noble relation bids the world good night; a
dispensation is immediately procured, and Lord Edward Carteret is *": blessed in the arms of his grandmother. 22 The reader will readily perceive that there is something of no. - velty in the story, which is conducted with tolerable skill and address. c.-The work, however, is incorrectly written, and several vulgar
que ilms are scattered through it. One lady, for example, is made to :: talk of being hummed into happiness, and another of a skin-deep im..
- pression, &c. &c. ::: Art. 37. William of Normandy. An historical Novel. 12 mo.
2 Vols. 5s. sewed. Axtell. 1787. :.. A monstrous and mis-shapen birth ; and such as criticism turns
from in terror and disgust.
The composition before us is an infipid mass indeed! but we will pick out a few of its ingredients, so that our readers may taste and judge.
Oh! my friend, that I could repress this ardor, this impetuofity of temper in every thing in which my heart has any concern! It is not by reason it is to be calmed down.
• For two or three days pas a lucid interval of serenity has beamed upon my mind, and my spirits are calmed down in a very unwonted degree.
• He is a genteel young man, about twenty-five. My father, whole letter it seems was only in general terms, was ignorant of the motives that induced him to visit this place. In the course of conversation after dinner, he asked him rather abruptly, which threw him into the most tremulous confusion.' Asked him what? Why inquired into the motives which induced him to visit the town,' to be sure, replies our Author. Very true-such is the meaning with. out a doubt. But what kind of writing is this?
- He still pursues me with the most un feeling perseverance; and encouraged as he is by my parents, I fear it will not cease till I have taken refuge in his arms'-Julia. The lady may be right ;the unfeeling perseverance of her lover may very possibly cease, when once the has taken refuge in his arms.
• O Matilda ! could you but feel a momentary glimpse of the joy this letter has produced in my breast.'
- I flew upon the wings of impatient friendship to your house. You were gone, but had left a letter for me--I opened it, and was blasted by the baleful contents. Had you been near me, my friend, I should have wreaked my fury upon you. That is, had his friend been present he would have wreaked his fury on him for going away for writing the disagreeable letter which was left for his perusal, Arrah! Arrah!
· NATURAL HISTORY. Art. 39. Histoire naturelle des Oiseaux, par le Comte de Buffon, et les : Planches enluminées; systematically disposed. (And on another
TitleTitle-page) Indexes to the Ornithology of the Comte de Buffon and the Planches enluminées. 4to. 75. 60. sewed. White and Son. 1786. Mr. Pennant has here presented the Public two Indexes. The first is arranged according to the Author's own system, with the names of Buffon, Linnæus, and Latham: to these synonyma are added references to the Planches enluminées. The second Index is a mere catalogue of the Planches enlumineés.
L A W. Art. 40. The Speeches of the Judges of the Court of Exchequer, upon
granting a new Trial in the Case of Captain Sutton, against Commodore Johnstone, on the 30th of June 1784 ; together with Baron Eyre's Speech, on the Motion to arrest the Judgment. Taken in Short Hand by Joseph Gurney. The Report of the two Chief Justices, Lords Mansfield and Loughborough, to the Lord Chancellor, on an Appeal from the Judgment of the Court of Exchequer, in the Case of Sutton against Johnstone. 4to. 15. 6d. Stockdale. 1787. '
The power necessary to give energy to military enterprizes, does not combine well with the liberal Ipirit of our civil institutions; there is hence little cause for surprize to find Commodore Johnstone resist the verdict of a jury against him for damages, in an initance that would disarm every Commander in Chief, and disable the country from all exertion of its strength. The chief justices truly observe, that “ the salvation of this country depends on the disci. “ pline of the fleet; without discipline they would be a rabble, « dangerous only to their friends, and harmless to the enemy." The reader who is interested will find many curious remarks in the fpeeches of the judges, on a new cause, the history of which is to be found in all the periodical prints of the time. . Art. 41. Letters which passed between Commodore Johnstone and
Captain Sutton, in 1781, with respect to the bringing Captain Sution to Trial. 8vo. 6d. Stockdale. 1787.
These letters are reprinted from the court martial trial, to shew that no just imputation can be fixed on Commodore Johnstone for : delaying the trial of Captain Sutton, or for want of indulgence or politeness to him under the arrest. Art. 42. Considerations on the Question lately agitated in Westminster.
Hall, whether the Proceedings of Commanders in Chief of Fleets and Armies, acting within the Military Powers delegated to them, and in the course of Discipline, are subject to the Review of the Civil Courts of Law; with Observations on the Case which has given rise to this important Question, and on other Points wbich have occurred in that Cause. By William Pulteney, Esq. 8vo. is. 6d. Stockdale. 1787.
It is publicly known that Commodore Johnstone, under a disfatisfaction with the conduct of Captain Sutton in the action at Port Praya, caused an inquiry into his conduct to be made by a court martial for disobedience of orders ; and that Captain Sutton, being honourably acquitted by proof of the disability of his thip, com.
menced an action against Commodore Johnstone for a malicious charge and arrest; in which action he obtained a verdict for 5000l. damages. The Commodore moved for a new trial, which when granted, the damages were extended to 6000 l. and on his farther motion for an arrest of judgment, on the pleas that no such action could lie against a Commander in Chief; and that if it could, the sentence of the court martial admitted the disobedience, by the justin fication from circumstances, which was sufficient bar to an action for malice; on June 15th 1785, the Court of Exchequer determined against arresting the judgment, and the cause was referred to the Houle of Lords for a final decision: The Lords, accordingly, on May 22, 1787, determined it in favour of the Governor,-who died on the 24th, within two hours after he received the news,
Mr. Pulteney justly observes, that though the public have hitherto considered the cause merely as a question between two individuals, it is really of a public nature, has never yet been determined, and is of the most serious consequence to the discipline both of the navy and army.
• The case of those, says our author, who serve in the navy and army, is different from that of the other subjects; they are subjecied to military law and discipline, because without that sort of law they could not be effe&tually employed for the service of the state. They surrender, by entering into either of these services, many valuable privileges of citizens, because the public policy and necessicy requires that they should do so; but, on the other hand, they are entitled to many diftinguished privileges and advantages, from which the rest of the subjects are excluded. The articles of war are a complete system for the discipline and goveroment of the navy and army, and all military offences are punishable under these laws, and not subject to any other. 'If an inferior officer is guilıy of any military offence, it is the duty of the commander in chief to bring him to trial by a court-martial. He is the grand jury in that case to find the bill of indictment, but he cannot himself fit upon the trial. If the commander in chief is guilty of oppreslion in bringing any inferior officer to trial, the commander in chicf is himself punish able for that offence by a court-martial.'
The consequences of land and sea officers being cramped in their discipline, by the dread or by the threats of actions at law, are well represented ; and many judicious remarks are made on Baron Eyre's speech againft the motion for arrest of the judgment given on the fecond trial; particularly in one instance, which as well shews the extent of military power, as the remedy afforded by the martial code, when it may happen to be unduly asserted, or renited.
• Mr. Baron Eyre seems in some measure to call in question also the necessity of obedience, in all cases, to the orders of a supe. rior officer, and he puts the case of a man ordered to the mast head, who the superior officer knew was incapacitated by some bodily infirmizy from doing it, and that he muít infallibly break his neck in the attempt, and says, if the order was obeyed, and the man killed, the officer might be tried for murder. This doctrine, if held to be law, would be of very serious consequence indeed to the discipline of the navy and army. The articles of war require obedience only to