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Art. 21. Experiments and Observations on Light and Colours : to which is prefixed the Analogy becween Heat and Morion. 8vo. 35. sewed. Johnson. 1787.
This performance consists of five different papers, on the following fubjects : viz. The analogy between heat and motion; On the light and colours of heated bodies; On the cooling power of light; On the blue colour of the sky; and, On the light of the celestial bodies.
The Author proceeds abstractedly to sew the analogy between heat and motion, and cold and reft: • Reft,' says he, is a privation of motion ; and cold, a privation of heat. Bodies resist an endeavour to heat them, as they do an endeavour to put them in motion.' This is the first and principal demonstration brought to support the analogy between heat and motion. What a privation of heat is we know not; nor has the degree of absolute cold, to which rest is said to be similar, ever been ascertained. With respect to the force of moving bodies, we think our Author has been too solicitous in proving a false doctrine erroneous. The momentum is universally acknowledged, from demonstration, to be as the velocity fimply, and not as the square of the velocity, which hath been lately affirmed.
The second treatise Mews how the colour of heated bodies advances from red to violet, as the heat is encreased. This is a curious thought; and we with the Author had prosecuted his ideas far. ther : several particulars respecting shining bodies might have been illustrated, which are here omitted.
More experiments, as the Author justly confesses, are wanting to confirm the power, which light is said to possess, of cooling bodies exposed to it.
The fourth paper is on a subject incapable of experimental proof. The hypotheses delivered in this and the following treatise, though ingenious, are merely conjectural, and may serve to amuse those whom they cannot convince.
In a note to the last paper, the Author claims the discoveries, • That water was the product of inflammable and dephlogisticated airs ;' and 'that phlogisticated air must be a combination of phlo. gifton and nitrous acid.' These thoughts were communicated, in writing, to a friend, some time before the papers which have been written on that subject appeared in Public. If this is really the case, and can be proved, why does our Author conceal his name? The Public will not readily afsent to the bare assertions of a writer, and more especially when the writer is unknown. We do not, however, mean to express any doubt on our own part.
Repeal of the Test Act, &c. Art. 22. Letter to a Member of Parliament, on the Case of tbe Pro.
teftant Dissenters; and the Expediency of a general Repeal of all Penal Statutes that regard religious Opinions. 8vo. is. Faulder. 1787.
In this well written pamphlet, the paper entitled the Case of the Proteftant Disenters, &c. undergoes a Itrict investigation, and is charged with containing not only an evident mif- Itatement of facts, of which there was no need for the proper enforcement of their
just claim, but also a disgusting illiberality of sentiment, unworthy of this enlightened and tolerant age.' This charge is advanced chiefly with a view to the Roman Catholics of this country, who are here vindicated, with every appearance of candour, as well as ability, from the reflections cait on them in the Diflenters' Case. In brief, the Author thinks that the late application of the Disfenters to Parliament for redress against tests, &c. was narrow, " pitiful, and parcial ;' and that they ought, as friends to toleration, to have ge. nerously included the Catholics, instead of endeavouring to shut the door against their ! suffering brethren.' On the subject of toleration, the Author's ideas rise to a noble height indeed! The name of Christian,' says he, in his conclusion, is a much more ancient and more honourable, as well as a more comprehensive tie, than that of Protestant; and there is a tie still more ancient and comprehensive than either-that of humanity. The time, I trust, is not at a great distance, when the full force of this last will be understood and felt over all the polished nations of the world, when philanthropy and com mutual interests will be the fole links of society, when tests and penal laws will be no more deemed necessary for the security of relia gion, and when Papilt and Protestant, Athanasian and Arian, Lutheran and Calvinist, Trinitarian and Unitarian, will be names of mere distinction, not of reciprocal odium, and much less objects of reciprocal persecution.
. And have we not reason to hope, Sir, that the British legilla. ture will be among the first to bring about a system so desirable, and so congenial to the British constitution ? God knows we have, and ever shall have, political disputes enough to divide us : why should those of religion come in for a share ? Let some patriotic and enlightened soul, then, move at once for a repeal of every penal religious statute, and every religious test : be the pledge of the fidelity of the subject in future, his ordinary oath of allegiance, and his subsequent conduct, and let him be answerable only for his own; let religious principles be no more confounded with political ones; but let every Briton, without forfeiting his birch-right, profess his own belief of the Divinity, and worship him after his own mode ; and if he chooses not to worship at all, what is that to the state, if he faithfully serve it in the Itation he holds, or the charge he is intrusted with ? In a word, let the only test of a good citizen be an obligation, to be a peaceable subjeet and an honest man.
Such a motion, Sir, would do infinite honour to the mover ; would be reconded and supported by every man whose heart were not callous to the feelings of humanity; and would immortalize the sovereign and the minister, in whose reign and under whose auspices, it should be adopted, and passed into a law.' Art. 23. An Address to the Protestant Dilsenters who have lately
petitioned for a Repeal of the Corporation and Test A&ts. “By the Rev. Joseph Berington. 8vo. 1S. Robinsons, &c. 1787.
Similar to the foregoing tract, in design, spirit, and argument. The Reverend Author, it is well known, is a member of the Roman Catholic church, but he seems to have none of the bigotry and superstition with which the priesthood of that persuasion have forNn 3
merly becn charged. He writes with temper and good senfe; and his strictures on those parts of the Diflenters’ Cafe, which he appre. hends to bear too hard on the · Papiits,' deserve the serious confideration of the gentlemen by whom that case was drawn up; espe. cially if it be true, as we have heard, that they mean to renew their application to Parliament for a repeal of the obnoxious acts above. mentioned. Art. 24. Reflections on the Oaths which are tendered to the Subject in
this Country. 8vo. Is. Debrett. 1787. The number of legal oaths exaéled under the British government, the injustice and absurdity of enforcing them in cases relative to spee culative opinions (that have no connexion with matters of civil go, vernment), and all impofitions of religious tests, are here judiciously considered, and represented in the most serious light. Indeed, the evils here pointed out cry aloud for redress, and surely it is a great reproach to this enlightened age, that such oppresons are still luf, fered to fubfilt! Art. 25. Cursory Remarks on the Rev. Dr. Priestley's Letter to the
Chancellor of the Exchequer: containing Hints, humbly offered in favour of the Eltablishment, and opposed to the Principles contained in that Publication. By a Layman. 8vo. 1S. Denis.
Dr. Prieitley's letter to Mr. Pitt appeared to us, when we perused it at the time of its publication *, to be a halty performance, containing some passages which the Doctor's cooler judgment might have induced him to alter or reject, had he allowed himself sufficient time for revisal, But he seems to have ftruck boldly, whilo the iron was hot, as though his only fear was left the metal should grow cold on the anvil. This being the case, are we to wonder if some flaws and defects are discoverable in the workmans ship.
The writer of these remarks controverts several points with the Doctor.--As a writer, he is by no means equal to his adversary ; but, what is no mean praise, he expresses himself with decency and candour, treating the Doctor throughout with a degree of respect and decorum, which gives us a favourable idea both of his temper and principles; though, as to the latter, he certainly appears in a questionable shape; for while he generally expresses himself like a good and pious Christian, yet at the moment when he profeffes to be a “ Proteftant of the church of England, in the common acceptation of the word,” he adds,“ but I frequent not her ceremonies, nor those of any other place of religious worship."-We are at some loss what to make of this declaration, but we deem is pretty clear, that our Author is not a very violent churchman. For the rest we shall briefly observe, that he has several judicious and pertinent, as well as some unimportant, observations on the Doctor's letter-the particulars of which we cannot enumerate. He concludes with wishing his reverend and learned correspondent, “ virtue, health, and happiness;" and signs himself, “ Yours in brotherly love, a Layman.”
* See Review for April, p. 348.
POETRY. POETRY. Art. 26. The Lousiad. An Heroi-Comic Poem. Canto II. With
an Engraving by an eminent Artif. By Peter Pindar, Esq. 4to.
Thy louse in epic strains Mall ever live;'-
And, like their lap-dogs, live a parlour guest.' Vid. p. 13.
at St. James's. By Peter Pinjar, Esq. 4to. 15. 6d. Kearsley. 1787.
Peter apologises chiefly for continually making kings his theme. Eternally, says he,
Of kings I dream-
Dream of their vermin in their beds;
Such things are always running in their heads.' Master Peter's apology will not much conciliate matters with those who are offended at the licentiousness of his muse; but what will perhaps better answer his purpose, it will add to the entertainment of his admirers. Here we have, among other strokes of humour, a ftory of the APPLE DUMPLIN and a KING, which can never fail to set the table in a roar; but it will never procure him a dumplin in the royal kitchen. Art. 28. More Odes upon Odes; or, a Peep at Peter Pindar; or, False
bood detected ; or, What you will. 4to. zs. 6d. Lowndes. If this antagonist of P. P.'s does not equal him in wit, he exceeds him in grace,
“ And pays due homage to the best of kings!” He will stand a much better chance for an apple dumplin at St. James's. Art. 20. A Supplement to the Pharsalia of Lucan. Translated from
the Latin of Thomas May. By the Rev. Edm. Poulter, M. A. Rector of Crawley, Hants. 4to. 1s. 6d. Cadell. 1786.
In the year 1630, Thomas May translated Lucan, and added an English continuation. But, not satisfied with the latter, he published at Leyden, in the same year, a Latin Supplement. It had indeed the good fortune of being well received ; and what is still more, it it hath had the honour of being incorporated with the most eminent editions of the classics, particularly those of Barbou, the Elzevirs, and Oadendorp.
In our opinion, however, May was as unworthy to follow Lucan, as Mr. Poulter to translate May.
The Latin supplement (though little known to our classical read. ers) may be eally procured ; and we will therefore produce no ex. bracts from it. Nn4
The following specimen of Mr. Poulter's translation will, we presume, sufficiently confirm the sentence we have passed on it ; and if a farther confirmation is required, we refer to the whole work.
• The sea no longer frown'd; safe from the waves,
Of freedom hazarded, and Pompey lain.' To mere common readers the translation would be almost as unintelligible as the original.
NOVEL s. Art. 20. Orlando and Seraphina: a Turkilh Story. 12mo. 2 Vols.
55. sewed. Lane. 1787. When a Turkish story is presented to us, we naturally look for fomething respecting the Porte, and the manners and customs of the people. In the performance now before us, however, nothing of the kind is to be met with. It is simply a tale for the ladies; as plentifully interlarded with obs! and abs! as the prayers of an old puritanic divine. A production, in short, in which there is little to censure, or to commend.
“ We cannot blame indeed - but we may sleep.”. Art. 31. The Village of Martindale. 12mo. 2 Vols. gs. sewed.
Lane. 1787. Written by the author of Orlando and Seraphina. This gentleman's talent is indisputably the humorous and burlesque; as he has here sufficiently manifested in a very lively and agreeable tale. We therefore hope, that he will not again employ his time in composing whining and fantastical love stories *; stories in which there is scarcely any thing to be met with but Cupids, flames, and darts. Such extravagant language is happily ridiculed by Congreve in one of his plays :- Lard! he has so peitered me with fames and stuff, I shall not be able to endure the light of a fire this twelvemonth.' In a word, and to borrow an exprellion from the Rambler, we are inclined to consider such performances merely as 'pages of inanity,' pages which are only fitted for the perusal of masters and milies who are freih from school, and which will confequently never be commended by us, though they mould even chance to be correctly written.
* See the account of Orlando and Seraphina,-the preceding article.