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than the power of medicine could afterwards remove; and we have no doubt, but that even death has frequently been the effect of the evacuating and refrigerating method having been too freely pursued, in such putrid cafes as put on, in their first stages, an inflammatory appearance. In cases of such ambiguity, and where the life of the patient is so immediately concerned, every endeavour to elucidate the difficulties with which the practitioner is perplexed, and to point out the distinguishing marks of these diseases, is highly laudable ; and where that endeavour, as is the case in the present learned performance, is well executed, the medical art receives considerable improvement; of which the public at large must finally reap the benefit.

· HORTICULTURE. Art. 41. The Gardener's Pocket Dictionary; or a Systematical Ara

rangement of Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, Flowers, and Fruits ; agreeable to the Linnæan Method, with their Latin and English Names, their Uses, Propagation, Culture, &c. By John Abercrombie, Author of Mawe's Gardener's Kalender, and other Works. 3 Vols. Izmo. 105. 60. Boards. L. Davis. 1786.

Mr. Abercroin bie has divided this work into four parts, each comprehended under a diftin&t alphabet. The first alphabet, which is complete in the first volume, contains a catalogue of hardy trees and thrubs, which are usually planted in avenues, shrubberies, groves, &c. The Author has given the generic name, and under it, he enumerates the several species that belong to it; he adds to the botanical names, chofe by which each species and variety is known 1o English gardeners; and gives particular directions for the plant. ing and propagating each species, shewing to what fituations and foil they are best suited, with the uses to which they may be applied. The culture of fruit trees is also treated in this part.

The second alphabet contains those plants which are hardy enough to bear the inclemencies of our climate, and are usually employed as ornaments for open borders, or for the more material service of the table,

The third and fourth alphabets, which compose the last volume, contain those plants which cannot bear our climate ; but are cultivated in green houses, stoves, or hot beds.

The work is entirely adapted for giving information to the practical gardener; and may be considered as a useful publication, on account of the variety of its contents, and the perspicuous manner in which the directions are given,

SCHOOL- Book. Art. 42. An easy English Grammar, for the Use of Schools. By

A. Murray, Schoolmalter. 12mo. 15. 6. Newcastle printed.

The general plan of this work is given under the three following heads. 1. A mort explanation of all the parts of speech, and their agreement and government reduced to grammatical rules; with notes, and parsing examples, in which every word is resolved at length. II.' Additional remarks and observations on the several particulars of the first part: with rules of composition, or the

proper

Bb4

proper arrangement of words in sentences, [I]. Exercựses of bad Englis, in two parts.'

Works of this kind have so increased on us for years past, that it seems almost wonderful if the Authors reap any advantage from their publications. However, if tolerably executed, they may have their use. The present performance may affift any person who wishes to acquire a more exact and grammatical knowledge of the English language; and may also, we apprehend, be usefully em. ployed by those who are engaged in the instruction of youth. ?

NOVEL. Art. 43. Elfrida : or Paternal Ambition. A Novel. By a Lady.

12mo. 3 Vols. 75. 6d. sewed. Johnson. 1786. . A very old story, and dull as å • Comical fellow.' Outline : Two ancient maidens, who take delight in breaking off the matriages which are concerting in their neighbourhood, and railing at those which happen to be made : who are in love with every man they see, but who spread their filken nets in vain.: a kind but ob. stinate father who gives his daughter's hand to the man she hates, while her faithful lover is driven to despair: a gay and fashionable husband, who neglects an amiable wife, who ruins himself by play, and who is at length obliged to quit his country on account of debt, &c. &c.

That part of the narrative which represents the husband of Elfrida as returned from abroad, and his wife united to another man, occasioned by a report of the former's death, appears to be borrowed from Southerne's tragedy of the Fatal Marriage; 'and the incident has certainly something affecting in it.-But it is the fate of this Writer to mar her tale in the telling, as Shakespeare says"; and the inelegance of her language effectually destroys the interest of the scene,

POETRY Art. 44. Dialogues of Lucian, from the Greek. Yol. III. By Mr.

Carr. 8vo. gs. sewed. Longman. 1786. The great encouragement which Mr. Carr hath received in consequence of his former translations of the ancient wit, hach induced him to proceed in the same work : and now, he confeffes, he doth not know where he may stop ; - perhaps (says he) not till I have gone through every page of Lucian, excepting only • such reading as is never read;' and such as no sober man will write. In ages far remote from the present, men of wit were sometime's very 'dull; and sometimes wanted prudence. To creep after dulness can only serve to benumb the senses; and to revive the language of riot, is not the molt decent attempt.

Mr. Cars would by no means have his Readers fuppose that he hath made his translation of Lucian a serious business; or that he hach neglected any duty of his office for so idle an employment.

Duties,' says he,' • far different from conversing with wits have been annexed to my life.--I have translated Lucian in an evening, when I was not in a tem per to face a graver author, and wished to forget every unwelcome occurrence of the day.'

Grare

· Grave divines have been as idly employed, without having had the grace to make so modeft an apology. · Among a number of other dialogues of less note, the following compose the principal part of the present volume, viz. Mercury, Vulcan, and Prometheus.-The judgment of the goddesses.-Menippus and Philonides; or a Consultation in the Shades.- Jupiter confuted.- Jupiter in Tragedy.--The Parafite. - The Liar.

To thefe Dialogues are subjoined the Address to the illiterate Buyer of Books; and the Triumphs of the Gout, translated into blank verse, by the late Mr. Gilbert Weft.

Many who have a relish for the wit of Lucian will be pleased with Ms. Carr for saying them the trouble of seeking for it at the first hand : and those who wish to revive their knowledge of the original, will find the assistance of this ingenious, and, on the whole, faithful and animated translator, of great service ; though the scholar will find little information from the notes, which in general are unim. portant, and in one or two instances impertinent, and absurd : the Translator seems to have mistaken them for ftrokes of wit. For our account of Vol. I. fee Rev. vol. xlix, p. 161; and of vol. II. Rev. vol. Ixi. p. 67. Art. 45. Indian Verres, a Satire. 4to. 1$. Flexney. 1787.

It is not, to us, a very clear point who is the Verres of this fu. rious Satirist; but if Mr. Hastings is the intended object of his out'rage, the unfortunate Governor may, at leaft, console himself with this relection, that of all the misdeeds of which he can poslibly be accused, his worft enemy, even Mr. Burke himself, will not say, that, pget as Mr. H. is, he ever made verses so bad as these, Art. 46. The Pleasures of Retirement : a Poem. By R-t B-n.

4to. 18. Cambridge, printed for Hodson. 1786. A fondness for rural scenery, and still life, generally befpeaks an amiable, though perhaps an indolent disposition : it may also excice abundance of pastoral and romantic ideas; but all this does not constitute a poet. 'Ic was impoffible to read the verses before us, without recollecting the following well known couplet :

• Ab! filly I! more filly than my sheep,
• Which on the flowery plains I once did keep.'

* PHILIPS. Art. 47. The Protection of Providence : an Ode, facred to the Fame

of Mr. Howard. '410. 18. 6d. Cadell. 1787. Did not the name of Howard (the prisoners friend !) consecrate every thing on which it is ftamped, this wild, and very peculiar panegyric might have drawn from us a few critical observations; but, it is a well-meant compliment to an excellent man; -and, as fuch, let it pass. Art. 48. A Congratulatory Epifle to Peter Pindar, Esq; on his va.

rious Publications. 410. is. Turpin. 1787. An inferior Poet seriously abuses Peter Pindar for his abufive writings. With equal success would some grave divine ascend a moyacebank's ftage, in order to preach down the Merry Andrew.

THEOLOGY. i..

.THEOLOGY. Art. 49. Remarks upon Dr. Prieffley's Second Letters to the Archdeacon

of St Albans, with Proofs of certain Facts asserted by the Archdeacon. 8vo. 25. Robson. 1786.

The Archdeacon, in the outset of this pamphlet, considers Dr. Priestley “as an insufficient antagonist;' and viewing him in thật humble light, the ecclefiaftical dignitary seems a shamed of engaging in a conteit where even victory would add nothing to his fame.

I was well fatisfied, says the Archdeacon, that in any content with Dr. Priestley, I was at liberty to inaulge my indolence, without seeming to defert my cause: that his book, abounding with new specimens of confident ignorance (which in those subjects is the moft prominent feature in his writings), and in expressions of fiery refentment and virulent invective, carried with it, as I thought, its own confutation to unprejudiced readers of all descriptions; to the learned reader, by the proof which it furnishes of the author's incompetency in the subject; to the unlearned reader, by the con. sciousness wbich the fierceness of his wrath betrays of a defe& of argument.'

Having produced a few instances to prove Dr. Priestley's income petency to write on such subjects as fall within the prefent contro. verly, our Author fays, these and many other glaring instances of un finifhed criticism, weak argument, and unjuftifiable art, to cover the weakness and supply the want of argument, which must strike every one who takes the trouble to lozk through those second letters, put me quite at ease with respect to the judgment which the public would be apt to form between my antagonist and me, and confirmed me in the resolution of making no reply to him, and of troubling the public no more upon the subject, except fo far as might be necessary to establish some facts, which he hath somewhat too peremptorily denied, and to vindicate my character from afperfions which he hath too inconsiderately thrown out.

• The matters of fact which I mean to prove, are there : ! I, Origen's want of veracity in disputation.

* II. The existence of orthodox Hebrew Christians at Jerusalem, after the time of Adrian.

• III. The decline of Calvinism, amounting almost to a total ex. tinction of it, amongst the English Diflenters.' . It would afford little inftruction, and still less entertainment, to our readers, if we were to detail the arguments and authorities by which the learned Archdeacon endeavours to establith his theory. The subject is hackneyed on both sides, and the curiofity of the pablic hath been completely exhausted.' Art. 5o. Letters to Dr. Horlley. Part III. Containing an Answer

to his Remarks and Letters, Part II. To'which are added, Strictures on Mr. Howes's ninth Number of Observations on Books ancient and modern. By Joseph Priestley, LL. D. F. R. S. 8vo. 15. 6d. Johnson. 1787.

Dr. Priestley pursues the Archdeacon step by step, and in his cura freers likewise, though the mode of fneering is different. Dr. Horfiey's (neer lurks in his eye-brows. Dr. Prieilley's (neer is perched

upon

vpon his nose. They little consider, all the while, where is the sneer of the bystanders !

O Jane ! a tergo quem nulla Ciconia pinfit. ! I am endeavouring, by all the means in my power (says our Author), to rouse the attention of thinking men in this country to the corrupt state of religion that is established in it; and especially to convince them of the mischievous tendency of worshipping Chrift as God, when Christianity disclaims all knowledge of any other God than one, and that the God and Father of Christ : being confident, that when this is effected (and towards this considerable pro. gress is making vifibly every day, and it hath met with no obstruc. tion since the commencement of this controversy) not only will the present forms of Trinitarian worship be abolished, but my countrymen will then thank me and my friends for what we have contri. buted towards so glorious a revolution. And I trust that a fire, Itill more deitructive to error and superstition, and consequently to all ecclesiastical establishments in the world, which are built upon, and promote them, will be raised by the concurrence of your seafonable pains in blowing up the flame of this controversy, which will not, I trust, be extinguished, till its end be effectually answered. You will never, then, in this very critical fituation, when the enemy is at the very gate, and scaling every rampart of your old and ruinous fortress, indulge yourself in your soft couch of preferment, but, together with your brethren, e ert yourself pro aris et focis.'

The broad cathedral (neer will be the staunch churchman's comment on the foregoing passage; while the exulting Non. Con, will be ready to cry out, “ Oh! for a pluck at the wh- of Babylon's red petiicoat !” Art. 51. An Alfiract of the Gospel-history, in Scripture Language,

12 mo. 6d. Johnson. 1786. "The narrative style of the Gospel,' says this writer, is peculiarly well suited to display the evidence, purity, and perfection of the character and religion of Jesus, and the excellencies of his man. ner of teaching; as well as to enforce the Christian motives to the practice of piety and virtue.' He therefore concludes, that an abridgment of the history, retaining the scripture language, is adapted to comprise in a small compass an higher degree of these several advantages than any other method will admit. The service of Sunday Schools seems to be chiefly attended to in this little publication. Art. 52. Thoughts on the Progress of Socinianism, in a Letter addressed

to learned, orthodox, and candid Ministers, of all Denominations; with a particular View to the Writings of Dr. Priestley. To which is added, a Letter to Dr. Price, on his late Sermons. . 8vo. 19. Buckland. 1787.

We are cold, in a prefixed advertisement, that though the fol, lowing letter be chiefly the composition of one person, the thoughts it contains are those of several, with whose united approbation they are published. Accordingly the plural number is used throughout.

The writer acknowledges, and laments, the rapid progress of Socinianism, which is not here attributed to the superior learning and abilities of the Socinians, but to their abundant zeal, and to a want

of

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