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duced to three; the want of churches, the want of glebes, and the want of an universal use of the English tongue : for the remedies, the reverend Author looks to Parliament, in consequence of resolutions already entered into by the House of Commons.
Treating of the agency of Romih mislionaries in spiriting up the common people to insurrections, the Bishop adverts to the letters of Mr. O'Leary; and though he does not affirm that the writer intends to low fedition, he still thinks them ' calculated to raise difcontent and indignation in the Roman Catholic peasantry, against the national clergy, the legislature, the executive power, and their Proteftant fellow subjects :' and such a tendency is certainly discoverable in the extracts here given from his letters to the White Boys.
INDIA AFFAIR S. Art. 13. Obfervations of the Court of Directors on the respective Con.
du&t of Warren Haflings, Esq. Sir John Clavering, K. B. Colonel
George Monfon, Richard Barwell, and Philip Francis, E/grs. in the | Service of the Honourable East India Company. 410. is. De
This pamphlet is not what the title is calculated to make it feem, an express publication of the Court of Directors decid. ing on the conduct of these gentlemen; but a number of extracts from the official letters of the Court to the presidency of Bengal, censuring the conduct of Messrs. Hastings and Barwell on particular occasions : and, as might be expected, commending the opposition of the other parties above named. They are obviously now brought into one collective view to meet a favourable season. Art. 14. Original Letters from Warren Haflings, Ejq. Sir Eyre Coote,
K B. and Richard Barwell, Esq. to Sir Thomas Rumbold, Bart. and Lord Macartney, K. B, 8vo. 13. 60. Debrett, 1787.
These letters, by the aid of Italics, and short notes to particular passages, are made to co-operate in the same purpose with the preceding Observations; that of thewing the disagreements between Mr. Hastings and his colleagues, with the occations on his part. Art. 15. Ar Appeal to the People of England and Scotland in Behalf
of Warren Hattings, Esq. 8vo. 18. 6d. Debreit 1787. This appeal from the senate house to the fire lide is a very well written apology for Mr. Hastings. It pleads the emergency of circumftances and manners of the people, in extenuation of the measures they dictated, principally with respect to the tivo Begums. It is probably the work of the Governor General's vigilant and well known friend, who manages the argumentum ad bominem very dexterously against his accusers.
The reasoning in behalf of Mr. Hastings is so far juft, as to fhew, that it would be cruel to try his conduct in Indoftan according to the ftrict code of religion, morality, and the customs of this country. For if we assume a dominion over a people, whose modes of thinking and customs differ materially from ours, it is to be maintained by adapting our administration to their apprehensions, and not to the appre. henfions of people in this country. Thus, for instance, any parti. cular transaction may meet with a harsh ceasure here; yet if it an. fwers a good purpose, without violating their ideas of government, it is clearly meritorious.
The conduct of a British Chief in peculiar situations, is therefore rather to be estimated by the general outline of his success, and estimation on the spot, than by minute scrutinies into detached instances here. If this be not found doctrine, it must be absurd to grasp In. dian sceptres; and it would be more to our credit to lay them down, than to suffer them to be wretted out of our feeble hands. Art. 16. The real Situation of the East-India Company confidered,
with respect to their Rights and Privileges, under the Operation of the late Acts of Parliament, establishing a Board of Controal and a Committee of Secrecy. By George Tierney, Esq; 8vo. 25. Debrett. 1787.
By the late ftatute to regulate the Eaft-India Company, the King was impowered to appoint fix privy-counsellors, of whom, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and one of the Secretaries of State are to be two, as commiffioners to superintend and controul all measures of the Court of Directors, any wise relating to the civil or military government, and revenues, of the British territorial poffersions in India. In consequence, all dispatches to and from India, relating to these objeets are to be submitted to the Board of Controul ; whose orders the Directors of the company are bound to obey.
'If the Court of Directors receive orders from the Board of Controul, relating to points unconnected, in their opinion, with civil or military government or revenues; they may appeal to the King in council, by petition, for a final decision.
If the Board of Controul deem the object of their deliberations concerning the making war or peace, or negociating with any of the native princes or states in India, to require secrecy, they may transmit their orders to India through the medium of the secret committee of three Directors, who are to send them without disclosing their contents : and the Presidencies are to obey them, and return their answers in like confidential manner.
The power of appointing and dismissing servants of the Company, is reserved to the Directors.
Such is the general plan under which the affairs of the Company are at present managed; and the writer now before us remarks, • That the trade of the Company may be ably carried on by twenty-four gentlemen, acting in concert with, and under the di. rection of a superior Board, I can readily conceive ; but to suppose it can continue to thrive under the management of a set of men who have no authority, acting in opposition to a Board who have the en. tire superio tendance of all our territories in India, who have the right of making war and peace, the arrangement of all matters of revenue, and the office of negociating with every power in the country from whence this trade is to Aow, is a position which I should beg leave to question. It is to be considered, that our connection with India ftands upon a very different footing from what it ori, ginally did. Commerce and territory are now so intimately blended, that their respective consequence muft, perhaps, entirely depend on their united exertions.'
But But the Directors are provided with a remedy, in an appeal to the King in council. • An appeal! from fix Privy Counsellors, two of whom are in the Cabinet, to the King in Council !-The decision that would be given is about as difficult to be guessed at, as the result of a Dean and Chapter's deliberations when they assemble to elect a Bishop. An appeal! to beg his Majesty will explain to four-and twenty merchants what things are to be understood as relating 10.trade !mli is as ridiculous as if the Privy Council were to apply to the India House for a definition of prerogative.'
Accordingly we find the Board of Controul have taken the management of the Nabob of Arcot's debts out of the hands of the Directors; because, though it was but a pecuniary domestic tranfaction, it was interpreted to be a negociation with one of the native Princes of India, and in a difference betiveen the Directors and one of their officers, colonel Ross, they have deprived the Directors of all authority over their servants, and virtually released those servants from a dutiful attention to their masters, by informing the Directors (without the leait qualification) that they do not recognize any power in them to tranfmit to India either cenfure or approba. tion of the conduct of any servant civil or military, exclufive of the controul of this B-ard. These preparatory steps led the way to virtually depoing the Directors; for early in the lait fedon cf parliament, a claute was int.oduced into the new act, compelling the members of the secret committee of Directors to take a solemn oath rut to ciiclof: any of the secret orders of the Lohinitioners for India relating to prave, war, or negociation with any of the Indian prinees, without a l'hority from the Board. Thus, though it was imposible to rike away the charter at once, after the language that had been uicd with relpect to Mr. Fox's rejected measures ; it has been mot effefiually done, gradually, and underhand.
The twenty-four Direciars being thus reduced to three, a dispatch reporting fome pecuniary arrangements with the Nabob of Arcot, having b-en submitted to the Board of Controul, as usual for their approbation; "they expunge aimcil the whole of it, and then de. liver this aconic message : “ As zie itink it more proper that such in?ru7:0:25, as it is watu nese frry to trurimit ut on the subject, fwould go tbronch the channel of our Sio et Committee, we fall jind a drafi to thers for ila: part .”-lo consequence of this aliumption, Mi. Smith, cne of the Directors, tore w up his office, and resigned a ftation in which he found inimself deprived of all information which his duty required him to inspect; and from that day to this, continues Nir. Tierney, the Board of Contoul have been arbitrary morárcis.
The concluding verds of the Author to the Directors, supersede Innend cfa"y it! Thions on this fubjcê. “The attack of Mr. l'ex certain would have taken ever; privilege and franchise from 1/4, tut yiu would be loit them honourably, and the Comruhuneenvio de reputation of martyrdom.- Better would
c a to huole din lo, than to be allowed to live on such forms as the prifert, Tie conquiti obtained by the Board of Confront a s i'ul: to indir, and having taken poffeffion of your cialis 24.manc your prisoners, coppels you to walk in the Con
queror's train, dressed out in the pomp of your former dignity, like captives in a Roman triumph! All the parade of your loft consequence remains while you are not able to call one single privilege your own. Without kn. wing what your duty is, you are responfible to vour constituents for the discharge of it, and though ostenfible rulers of India, you cannot carry one measure into execution. With all the mockery of nominal power, you are destitute of vigour or efficacy, and you fit with paper cru, is upon your heads, to copy dispatches, and lament your fate!'. Art. 17. An Address to Capt. Evelyn Sutton ; containing professional
Remarks on his Condu&t as Commander of his Majelty's Ship
Ifis, on the 16th of April 1731, on the Evidence given by Witinesses, on his Trial at Portsmouth in December 1983; and on the judicial Conduct of his Court Martial. By a Seaman, 8vo. 25. Nicoll.
The Public have already before them every particular concerning Captain Sutton's trial. The Author of this pamphlet blames the Captain, and says the members of the court martial must either have been egregiously ignorant, or consummately wicked.' We are forry to see a man, who is endowed with such acute faculties as this very intelligent seaman pofsefles, make use of such intemperate language.
Dissenters' APPLICATION TO PARLIAMENT. Art. 18. A Letter to the Deputies of the Protestant Difsenting Congre
gations, in and about the Cities of London and Westminster, on their intended Application to Parliament for the Repeal of the Corporation and Test Acts. 8vo. 1S. Buckland. 1787.
By the deputies here meant, we are to understand the representatives of Dissenting congregations, in and near the metropolis (two members from each), who occahonally meet in consultation, on matters respecting the general interests of the body at large. These gentlemen are confidered by the writer of this letter, as having been the principal movers of the late application to Parliament, for a repeal of so much of the Teft Act as affects the Diflenters, by depriving them of an equal participation, with their brethren of the Established Church, of the civil rights of British subjects. Accordingly, he addresses them on their conduct, with respect to this application,-a measure which he disapproves, as unwarranted by the general national voice of the Disenters, and as not being, in his opinion, conducive to the real interest of the Diflenting cause. He writes with great appearance of moderation and good temper, and some of his arguments seem to merit the candid and serious attention of the gentlemen for whose confideration they were brought forward. The pamphlet was published before the business was actually moved in the House of Commons; and it is figned, “ A Proteflant Dilsenter.”— Whether really one of the flock, or a wolf in sheep's clothing, we know not. Art. 19. Bishop Sherlock's Arguments against a Repeal of the Corpora
tion and Test Aits; wherein most of the Plcas advanced in a Paper, Ayled, The Case of Protestant Difcntcrs, &c. are discussed. With a
Dedication to the Right Hon. William Pitt. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Ro. binsons. 1787.
Revived from the memorable Bangorian controversy; the tract is ingeniously written, but fallaciously argued. It is now dedicated to Mr. Pitt, to induce him to stand by the church-that the church may Stand by him *. Art. 20. Bishop Hoadly's Refutation of Bishop Sherlock's Arguments
againy a Repeal, &c. wherein the Justice and Reasonableness of such a Repeal are clearly evinced. 8vo. Is. d. Dilly.
Sherlock, though a more polished writer than Hoadly, was nothing in the hands of the great champion of civil and religious liberty, when engaged with him on polemic ground. Let those who queftion this affertion, give this and the foregoing work a candid perufal, and be convinced. The Editor has added the fentiments of two other eminent divines of the established church (viz. Sykes and Paley), in confirmation of Bishop Hoadly's liberal and truly Christian senti. ments. Art. 21. The Right of Protestant Diflenters to a complete Toleration,
asserted; or, An historical Review of their Situation under the Laws impofing the Sacramental Teft on Persons admitted to Offices; and Thewing the Imposition of that Test to be unjust with respect to the Protestant Diffenters of England and the Natives of North Britain, as well as inexpedient ; with an Answer to the Objection urged from the Act of Union with Scotland; and Proofs that the present is the proper Time for applying to Parliament for the ne. cessary Redress. To which is added, a Poftfcript, in Reply to the Arguments of Bishop Sherlock on the Test Laws. 8vo. 35. 60. Johnson. 1787.
The Author takes a wide range, and includes, in this treatise, every thing relative to his subject. - Considering the short time + al. lowed for the writing and publithing a work produced on the spur of the occasion, we think the Author has acquitted himself with reputation.-Whoever wilhes for a complete view of the arguments, particularly those that have been urged in favour of the Diflenters, may be referred to this pamphlet. Art. 22. Obfervations on the Case of the Proteflant Di Venters. By a
Lay Member of the Church of England. 8vo. 68. Debrett.
The Cafe, above mentioned, was a paper circulated by the Difsenters and their friends, at the time of their late application to Par. liament, and was allowed, on all hands, to be well drawn up. Many candid readers, indeed, pronounced it unanswerable; yet here is an answer to it, and not a contemptible one. Art. 23. Letter to the Rr. Hon. William Pitt, on the subjeéts of Tolera
tion and Cburch Efablishments; occafioned by his Speech against the Repeal of the Telt and Corporation Acts, on the 28th of March
* • Let the Throne support the Church, the Church support the Throne, and God will support both.' Dedication, | Only fix weeks. The piece contains 227 pages.