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Pindaa's Apologetic Pcftfcript, ib. REVIEW of the State of an unhappy Cova.

, Congrat. Epistle to, 369 - try,


PINKERTON'S Ancient Poems, 121 Rickman's Fallen Cottage, 178

Pitt's Speech on the Treaty, 253

RIESBLCK's Travels through Germany,

- Speech on the Customs, 354


PLATONIC Marriage,

Right of Protestant Disenters to a

PLEASURES of Retirerent,

complete Toleration asserted, 348

Polms for Young Ladies,

ROBson's Sermon on Markham's Death,

POLTICAL Effuhons,



Rol's Answer to Lord Dundonald, 437

POMERET, Peter of, Lucubrations by, 64 Rope's End for Hempen Monopolists, 72

Poor. See ACLAND,-GILLINGWA: Rupd's Sermons,

TER,~GILBERT,BILL, 445 Ruffin's Appendix to De Tort's Me

Poulter's Supplement to Lucan's Phar. moirs,.


Rush's Oration,


Powys's Sermon at Bristol,


RUSHER's Reading made Easy, 176

PREPACS to Poor Richard's Almanack, RYMEa's Phyhological Conjectures, 258


Prica's Sermons,

400 CASTRES-Select Works of Metasta-

PRIESTLEY's History of early Opinions, O fio,


SAVAR y's Letters on Egypt, translated,

- Experiments, Vol. IIT, 132


Letter to the Jews, 232 SAVER Y's Sermon for the Humane Soa

- to Pitt, 348 ciety,

Letters to Horney, Pe. ill. School for Greybeards,

262 Scort on Repentance,


Prince's Sermon before the Ld. Mayor,

's Sermon at the Lock, 182

(Major) Speech in Defence of

PRINCIPLES of British Policy, 171 Hastings,

PRINTS of Ancient History,

Speech on Sheridan's Motion a-

- Description of ditto,

ib. gainit Hastings,


(M:.). Every Farmer his own

of Music,


PROTECTION of Providence, 361

SENTIMENTS on the Interefs of Great

PRUSSIA, late K. of, his Correspondence Britain,


with M. de Subm,


SERMONS, Single, 82, 94, 268, 364, 542

Pugh on the Waters of Balaruc, 74 SERVICE's Recreation for Youch, 453

PULTINEY on Military Powers, 532 SHERIDAN's Speech against Hallings,

Prz's Poems,

254, 44+

Sherlock's (Mr.) Fragment on Shake-

D ACINE's Letters,



N RAMSA Y's Gentle Shepherd,

(Bishop) Arguments against

Manual for Slaves,

a Repeal of the Test Adt,


RAPE of Helen, from Coluthus,

SKETCH of Universal History, by a Lady,

RAYNIR on the Starp Duties,


RZADIR on the Revelation,

SKINNER'S Translation of Fontana on


Po fons,

Riza's Sermon at St. Thomas's, 182 SMITH on Cheltenham Water, 536

RETORMATION, or a Plan for abolin. SOCINIANISM, Thoughts on the Pro-

iag Chrifjanity,


gress of,


KIGULATIONs for the Forces, 453 SORROWs of the Heart,

REMARKS OR Prieftley's Letter to Pitt, SPEECHES of the Judges-Sutton against

526 Johnfone,


Reply to a “ Short Review of the Po. STAMFORD, Antiq. of,

litical State," &c.

160 STANGER'S Sermon,

RETROSPECT of the Portraits, &c. 254. STEVENSON'S Abftra&t of a Bill for man-

RIVEEN, a Novel,

ning the Navy,


REVILATION, See Vivian See STONE's Efay or Agriculture, 257


STRICTURES on Dr. C*****'s Dil

Review of the Political State of Great courses,



65. Suckow's Elements of Chemistry, 155

of important Occurrences in SWAINSON'S Account of Cures performed

by Velno's Vegetable Syrup, 575.


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SWAINSON'S Hints to Families, 535 VINDICATION of the Treaty, 253
SWEDENBORG on the New Jerusalem, VISION, a Poem,

433 VIVIAN on the Revelation,


SWISSERLAND, Tour through, 357 UNIVERSAL Calculator,

SYLVA, or the Wo d,

12 VOYAGES to, and Discoveries in the

SYSTEM of Anatomy,

159 North, Hiftory of,

of Divinity, by Davy, 473 URWICK's Serm. on Farmer's Death, 543



TATLIR, new Ed



Tales of the 12th and 13th Centu. W A KEFIELD's Edition of Gray's
T ries,


Wales, Prince of, Inquiry into his cate,
TEACHWELL's Spelling-book, 262
TESTAMENT, Greek--See WOIDE. WALLIS-Nolologia Oculpam, 452,
TNISAURUS Medicus, Tom, II!, and IV. WALTER--Annotationes Academice. 572

453 Ward's Trasllation of Ramlay's Gentle
TJERNEY on the Sicuation of the Eart Sbep berd,

India Company,

WARVILLE, M. de, - Examen Critique
TOILER's Sermon on Wilson's Death, 95 des Voyages de M. le Marquis de Chafiel.
TOTT, Baron de, Appendix to his Me. · lux,





& M. Clavière, De

TOULMIN on Baptifm,

87 la France,


TOWERS's Transation of Hertzberg, 42 WATSON. See LANDAIF. - ne
TRAJAN, Reflections on his Reign, 607 WESTON'S (Stephen) Sermon, on Isaiah,
TRAVELS through Sicily, &c. by Mr.



- (Samuel) Sermon at the Bishop
- Riesbeck's, thro' Germany, 608 of Exeter's Vilitation,



WHITAKER's Dialogues on the Trinity,
TREBRA, F1, M. H. de, -Erfarungben

von innem, &c.

WILKINS'Translation of the Bhagvat.
TRIAL of Amery,


198, 295
TRIMMER'S Oeconomy of Charity, 436 Willan on Christ's Miniftry,

WILLIAM of Normandy,

TRUSLER's London Adviser,

WILLIAMS on an Union of England and

Country Lawyer,



TURGOT, M. Lite of,


TURNIR’s Serm, on Sunday Schools, 183 Wilson's (Bp.) Sacra Privata, 180

TWADDLE, a Tale, .

263 WITHERS ON tbe Afthma,


WOLDE's Edit, of the Alexandrian Greek

TANBRUGH's Sermon at the Drum Teftament,


543 WOOLLEN Draper's Letter,


VAN MARUM's Experiments with the

Answer to, 160

Electrical Machine at Haarlem, 581 Worx-Houses. See GIILING WATER:

VAN SWINDEN-Pofitiones Pbyficæ, &c. Wricht's Art of Converfing, 86

Vol. I.

VATRECX, Caliph, History of,

V OUNG, Mr. Arthur, bis Annals of
VENN's Sermon,

Y Agriculture,

Victim of Fancy,

Mr, William, on the Hiftory of

VICTORIA, a Novel,



View of the Treaty, &c.
VIIYRA — Animadversiones Pbilologice, ORJADA,


VILLAGE of Martindale,




For JANUARY, 1787.

Art. 1. ENEA TÌTEPOENTA, or the Diversions of Purley. Part I:

By John Horne Tooke, A. M. late of St. John's College, Can : bridge. 8vo. 78. Boards. Johnson. 1786. TEW persons could guefs at the object of this learned and

T very ingenious publication, by the title which the Author hath give it. Who would fuppose that the Diverfionis of Purleg meant nothing more than profound etymological researches into the origin of English particles, conjunctions, prepositions, and adverbs? Thefe, however, are the WINGED WORDS (ETTE< 7/ porta) that are explored in their birth, their growth, their relation, and use; and the tracing them ab ove usque ad alami conAtitutes the sole entertainment of this, curious work. .

PURLEY was the feat of President Bradshaw. Our Author is supposed to have a secret attachment to the place; from the veneration in which he holds the memory of its former poffeffor. It is a sort of holy ground to a republican ; and every man who is an enthusiast in any system of politics or religion, will have his holy ground in spite of wit and ridicule. Dr. Johnson had his (but not at Purley), and disdained that frigid philofophy that was unmoved at fuch scenes as had been dignified by wisdom, bravery, or virtue. “That man (says the great moralist) is little to be envied, whose patriotism would not gain force upon the plain of Marathon. It is on this principle that Mr. Tooke (more commonly known, as a patriot, under the name of Mr. Horne) kindles with che noble fire of liberty, when he reflects, that the spot he daily treads was hallowed by the feet of him who dared to trample on royalty itself; and who, rising superior to the forms of law, spurned allo at the forms of decorum ; and still more nobly risqued the curfe of God, and the execration of pofterity, to bring his monarch to the block.

The present Diversions of Purley are not, indeed, allowed to take so serious a turn. And it is somewhat diverting to see the fierce patriot ramed into an etymologist; though now and theri the old spirit breaks through the cloud chat oppresses the lustre of freedom :VOL. LXXVI.


* Staring, tremendous, with a threatning eye,

Like some fierce Tyranicir old Tapestry. The manus inimica tyranniss.that once waved the cap of liberty, and was ready to make t o llie Tyrant feel

The keen deep liearchings of the patriot's steel, now holds the bjichoid scourge the grammarians : and, having Aogged through.ihe whole school, redoubles its strokes on Lord Monboddo-as if unwilling to leave his Lord hip one sound point to fit upon.

Wo hope Mr. Tooke will give us as much room to admire his candour as we do his skill. He who censures and laughs so

freely at others, hath no right to complain if others indulge a :: litile ridicule at his expence. But let this be his consolation, : that if his manner of fighting be condemned, yet no one can disa

pute his claim to the victory; and if we smile at the patriot, we must applaud the scholar.

We shall now enter on the confideration of the present work: and we cannot better befriend the interests of Englith literaluse than by giving our readers a general view of its contents. The Author bath the fingular honour of throwing light on such parts of language as had been left in great obscurity by ail preceding lexicographers and cymologifts; and the Diversions of Purley have laid the foundation for a new fyftem of grammar, which we hope to see ftill farther extended by the researches of this acute and penetrating critic: for we are happy to find that this volume is announced only as a fir At part.

The form of the work is not, in our opinion, so happy as its execution. The dialogue seems unsuitable to the dry difquifitions of the grammarian. It rather obscures the subject than illuftrates it.

Bur where the matter is so fubftantial and excellent, it would be faftidious to quarrel with the manner; and for the sake of the former, we could forgive more blemishes and detects in the latter, than we find in the prefent volume.

It contiits of ten chapters. The general titles of which are
• I. or the divifion or distribution of language.
• I. Some contiderations on Mr. Locke's Efay.
• III. Of the parts of veech.

IV, Or the roun.

1. Of the article and interjedioa.
• VI. Of the word THAT.
. VII. Oi conjunctions.

Viil, Etymolcgy of ihe Englith conjunctions.
• IX. Ot prepektijos.
• X. O agrerbs.'

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In the first chapter the Author exposes, in a very lively man. ner, the great mistakes into which grammarians and philosophershave fallen, in their several attempts to enumerate the distinct paris of speech. Some have allowed thirty; and none have acknowledged less than eight. But the errors of grammarians have arisen from supposing all words to be immediately, either the signs of THINGS, or the signs of ideas; whereas, in fact, many words are merely abbreviations employed for dispatch, and are the signs of OTHER WORDS. . These are the artificial wings of Mercury (EAE 7lep:oulo), by means of which the Argus.eyes of philosophy have been cheated.'

The ingenious Author proceeds to strip Mercury of his wings: for they do not make a part of his body. It is only to loose the strings from his feet and take off his cap; and we shall then see what sort of a figure he will make without them.

The first aim of language was to communicate our thoughts ; the second, to do it with dispatch. The difficulties and disputes concerning language have arisen almost entirely from neglecting the consideration of the latter purpose of speech; which, though subordinate to the former, is almost as necessary in the commerce of mankind, and has a much greater share in accounting for the different sorts of words. Abbreviations are employed in language three ways:

1. In terms.
2. In sorts of words.

3. In construction. Mr. Locke's Essay is acknowledged by our Author to be the best guide to the first; but it is the second only that he undertakes to illustrate and unfold in the present work, because hitherto it hath escaped the proper notice of all who have written on the fubje&t of grammar.

In the fecond chapter Mr. Tooke briefly considers some posi. tions of Mr. Locke ; and though he professes a veneration for his character, yet he hesitates not to Tay, that in the Ellay on Human Understanding, the great writer never did advance one ftep beyond the origin of ideas and the composition of teims.

Mr. Locke was not sufficiently aware of the inseparable corncation between words and knowledge; if he had, it is presumed that he would not have talked of the compofiti.n of ideas ; but would have perceived that it was merely a contrivance of language, and that the only composition was in the terms, and consequently that it was as improper to talk of a complex idea, as it would be to call a constellation a complex far. In fact, they are not ideas, but merely terms, which are general and abAtract.

M:. Locke's reasoning against innate ideas is equally cogent against the composision of ideas. The furmer no more involve an


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