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probably laugh at the profound reasons given by politicians as the inotives of his master's abdication. The most important revolutions fpring very often from triting causes. To illustrate this, Marmontel has given a short, but entertaining fable, with all those graces of style and sentiment, with which he generally adorns his narrative. The stage of Paris has seen it in the form of a drama, called Les Trois Sultanes. Whether Bickerstaffe's performance is a translation, or a new fable upon his own ideas, we cannot now de. termine. Be it as it may, invented or imported, this farce has been, fince the year 1775, a favourite exhibition on the English stage. The Sultan is reprelented of a character chat gives probability to the tale: of a delicate and refining temper. He is weary of pleasures, which though varied, pall upon his appetite, from the ease with which they are attained; he is tired of beauties, that yield their charms through fear or interest. Elmira (one of the train of his feraglio) loves him with true affection. but the Sultan wants some of those difficulties that give a zeft to pleasure. Roxalana, an English girl, throws those difficulties in his way. She tells the Sultan, thai, being born in a free country, the must enjoy her native liberty even in love. To obey in filence is not her maxim. She gives her advice ; disapproves of the customs of the feraglio, and freely tells him, that if he will become her pupil, she will make him an accomplished prince. The Sultan orders her away. When she is gone, he refects upon the air of freedom which marks her behaviour. She is not handsome; yet her little nose, faucily turned up, her smiling eyes, and playful postures have an effect all together. Roxalana is recalled: the refules to obey, but comes unexpectedly with the vi. vacity of a romp. The Sultan agrees to dine with her; Roxalana invites the company, and sends her orders to the clerk of the kitchen. The Turkish laws of the table are all set at nought by Roxalana : The must have chairs, knives and forks, and even wine. Oímyn, the minifter, is forced to drink; he says, as people conscious of guilt are used to do in all countries, “ Oh Mahomer, fhut thy eyes." The Sultan yields in his turn to Roxalana, and having tasted of the grape, throws the handkerchief at her feet : she is not willing to surrender upon such easy terms. This enrages the Sultan : he orders her from his presence, but his pride is mortified. That a giddy Aippant girl should reject his offers, is provoking; but here is diffculty, and to surmount that cifficulty is a point of pride that gives an edge to desire. Roxalana is called in again; the Sultan tells her he is angry: I know it, says she, but love and anger always go together. She is his slave, but will not be his mistress : in a cor. tage she would endeavour to soothe her husband, but were he master of a throne, the must thare it with him. The laws of the country restrain the Sultan from marriage. She laughs at his laws, and tells him that he onght to be sometimes despotic on the side of virtue. This embarrafies the Sultan : what will his people say? Her answer is beautiful : ' make your people happy, and they will be glad 10 see that you are fo.' All doubts are now difpelled : to win Roxalana's affection, the Sultan agrees to her proposals of marriage. Thus the moral of the picce is set forth in a strong light: “ W'bo would have thought that a little fancy cocked-up nole could overturn the laws of a
mighty empire ?" Such is Mr. Bickerstaffe's Sultan. We have given it rather in the detail, as among our Readers some may chuse to tevise Marmontel's, and judge, from comparison, of the merit of the English performance. In the hands of Mrs. Abington, it is not a matter of wonder that the Sultan has flourished on the Atage. That lady has been, for some years past, the life of the comic mule : the whims, the caprice, and little fibles of the fair are always represented in her action with the nicest art ; and we are sorry to see, occasionally, in the common newspapers, a strain of malignity, which we think an illiberal and unjust retribution to the merit and genius of Mrs. Abington.
NOV E L s. Art. 48. Zoriada: or Village Annals. 12mo.3 Vols. 7s. 68.
fewed. Axtel). 1786. This Novelift is superior to most of his brethren at story-telling. His portraits likewise have really something striking in them; the highest coloured of which is that of Parson Swinborne, a truly contemptible character. This picture we are inclined to consider as a likeness ;but whether it be actually intended for the clerical hero in our eye, or whether it be merely the work of fancy, we cannot pretend to say; neither is it a matter deserving our inquiry:
The fable of this Novel, as we have already hinted, is not unentertaining; we wish, indeed, we could say any thing in praise of its language, - but justice obliges us to remark, that the whole is written in a very incorreêt and faulty manner. Some of the errors, however, are possibly typographical. Art. 49. The Child of Chance; or, the Adventures of Harry
Hazard *. 12mo. 2 Vols. 55. sewed. Hookham. The reader is here presented with the adventures of a hero, who is a gambler and fortune-hunter; and who, at last, after experiencing the vicissitudes to which people of that stamp are usually exposed, reforms, and becomes a respectable character. The work is not ill written, and displays a fertile imagination. Art. 50. Caroline of Lichtfield. Translated from the French, by
Thomas Holcroft. 12mo. 3 Vols. gs. sewed. Robinsons. 1786.
In this beautiful and interesting novel, the lights and shades of character are blended with great ingenuity : and in every part of it we discover the hand of an elegant and kilful artist. With wonderful energy and address, the Authoress unfolds the secret springs and complex movements of the human heart; and so forcibly are the different feelings that agitate the soul, delineated by her magic pencil, that they (trongly awaken the sympathy of the reader, and intereft him in the distress of the story. Its excellencies are lo many, and so great, that we wish to forget its blemishes ; but our impartiality constrains us to acknowledge that it hath some faults to Thade its beauties, and some defects that envy will magnify, and Itrict justice must condemn. In attending to the general execution, and in endeavouring to secure the capital effect it was meant to produce, the fair novelist hath been too negligent about the minuter parts.
: * By John Huddleston Wynne, as an advertisement has informed us. : Rev. Marsh, 1787.
She is now and then tedious, and sometimes he wanders too far from the principal object. She might have been more fparing of the letters of Walstein to Lindorff, without weakening the main interest of the novel. In our opinion, it is injured by lo copious a display of them.-To those, however, who are fond of this sort of reading, we can, notwithstanding every defect, with great truth recommend this work, as by far the most ingenious and pathetic of the kind, that hath been for many years imported from the continent. Art. 51. Lord Winworth; or the Memoirs of an Heir. Dedi
cated, by Permission, to her Grace the Duchess of Devonshire. 12mo. 3 Vols. 75. Ed. sewed. Allen. 1787.
Dedicated to her grace of Devonshire-and with that noble lady's permission 100! Is it possible ?-Those who read these memoirs, and also are acquainted with the good sense, and cultivated taste, of the duchess of Devonshire, will be staggered by this assertion ; yet here it stands, printed in the title-page; and who shall disprove it?-We hope, however, that the author's next production (if he Tesolves to follow this exhausted trade) will be more worthy of her Grace's approbation,-and of ours.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 52. An Excurfion to Margate, in June 1786: interspersed with
a Variety of Anecdotes of well-known Characters. By Hardwicke Lewis, Esq. 12mo. 25. 60. fewed. French. 1787.
When we first saw the title of this book, we expected to find in it fome descriptions of Margate, and the noted places adjacent; but we were mistaken ; we have, chiefly, sentimental observations, remarks, &c. with light ketches of Ramsgate, King /gate, Dent de Lion, Harley's Tower, and some Latin inscriptions and translations. As to the · Variety of Anecdotes of well-known Characters,' they principally figure in the title-page,
This Au hor, as so many others have done, has chosen Sterne for his model, and like the greatest part of the numerous race of that witty writer's imitators, he must take his ftation at an humble dif. tance from his great prototype. This Shandyan bagatelle may, however, serve to pass away a vacant half-hour with tolerable amusement. Art. 53. I be London Advijer and Guide : containing every Instruction
and Information useful and necessary to Perfons living in London, and coming to relide there, &c. &c. By the Rev. Dr. Trusler. 12mo. 35. lewed. Baldwin. 1786.
• A bullock's tongue will sell from 25. to 45. 6d. according to its fize and goodness. A good tongue should look plump, clean, and bright, pot of a blackith hue.' 'If you want rump feaks in any quantity, it is cheaper to give 7d. a pound without bone, than 41 d. for the whole rump.' .' One lamp burns about a half-penny worth of Iperinaceri oil in an hour.' Under the article, " Amusements,' the Doctor ranks this as one, viz. • Occasional floating through the atmosphere in balloons.' Sand, fuller's earth, whitening, scowering paper, brich duri, small coal, &c. at 4d. per week.' Lving-ins expence's rali' Canules 23. od. por week,' &c. &c. What a wise
man is Dr. T. who knows all these, and a thousand other particulars, equally notable ! • The present performance, however, contains much information necessary to be known by foreigners, and countrymen in particular, coming to reside in London. Art. 54. An Account of the Loss of his Majesty's Ship Deal Caftle,
Capt. James Hawkins, off the Island of Porto Rico, in 1780. 8vo. 1S. Murray. 1787.
This appears to be an authentic narrative of the loss of the abovementioned frigate, and of the distresses of its crew, who suffered fhipwreck in an hurricane on the island of Porto Rico; where they were at first treated roughly, under the idea of their being the crew of a privateer ; but when the truth was known, the Spaniards vied with each other in treating them with all poflible cordiality.
The story is told in a singular ihrain of good humour, which we never before met with in a narrative founded in difirejs ; and it is rendered still more agreeable by descriptive circumstances, respecting the fertile island of Porto Rico, and its inhabitants. Art. 55. The History of New Holland, from its first Discovery in
1616 to che present Time; with a particular Account of irs Produce and Inhabitants; and a Description of Botany Bay, &c. 8vo. 6s. Boards. Stockdale. 1787.
Compilations, when judiciously made, we have ever thought useful to the Public. The vovages of Dampier, Cook, &c. &c. whence this History is collected, are scattered in many bulky and expenfive volumes, which are only in the hands of a few; the information they contain is general, and relates to the circumstances of the whole voyage. When information is wanted, relative only to a particular country or transaction, compilations save the trouble of consulting a variety of larger works. The present performance is intended to convey a general knowledge of the country of New Hol, land as described by the several circumnavigators who have visited it since: and from the works of these gentlemen the compilation before us is chiefly made.
Prefixed to this volume are two good maps, one of New Holland, and one, which is a general chart, of the passage from England to Botany Bay. They are neatly executed, and, what is of more consequence, they seem, so far as we are able to judge by comparing them with others, to be accurate, and faithfully laid down.
A list of the naval, marine, military, and civil establishments of the intended new colony is annexed to the work; of the accuracy of this account, however, we pretend not to judge. Art 56. The Beauties of Samuel Johnson, LL. D. confifting of Maxims and Observations, &c. 12 mo. 35. 6d. sewed. Kearlley. 1787.
In this new edition of Johnson's Beauties the work is enlarged with numerous anecdotes selected from Mr. Boswell's and Mrs. Piozzi's late publications, with other documents illustrating the biography of Johnson. A copy of his will is also annexed, and a sermon which he wrote for Dr. Dodd, who preached it to his fellow.convicts, a few T 2
days previous to their execution. A head of Dr. Johnson is prefixed as a frontispiece. Art. 57. A Sketch of Universal History from the earliest Times to the
Year 1763, diftin&tly divided into Ages and Periods, for the Afitance of the Memory. By a Lady. 12mo. 25. Payne. 1786.
Universal history was never reduced into lo small a bulk as it is in the present abstract. This sketch, however, which brings the principal revolutions of ancient and modern empires into a small point of view, may be a useful alliltant to the memory, in recollecting what had been elsewhere acquired. Art. 58. Confilia : or Thoughts on several Subjects; affectionately
submitted to the Consideration of a young Friend. By Samuel · Birch. The second Edition, enlarged. 12mo. 25. 6d. Cadell.
1786. · From the perusal of the second edition of a moral and useful work now enlarged and corrected, we are confirmed in the opinion we formerly entertained of its merit. See Review, vol. Ixxii. p. 464.
Art. 59. The Millenium Star 6d. Ridgeway. Not a book, but a conundrum-a collection of printed scraps, twisted and twirled, and wrapped in marble-paper into the form of a ftar, or rather of a par-fish. As to the printed matter contained in the belly of this odd fish, it is - Political, religious, moral, and prophetical; and seems well calculated for the meridian of Moorfields. Art. 60. A Letter to Robert Heron, Esq. containing a few brief Re.
marks on his Letters of Literature. By one of the barbarous Blockheads of the lowest Mob, who is a true friend to Religion, and a sincere Lover of Mankind. 8vo. Is. Wilkie. 1786.
The title gave us some expectation of wit and raillery; of which, indeed, the subject seemed only deserving. But though we found little of what we looked for, yet we met with some just remarks on the folly and impertinence of those who lay claim to public admiration, only for wantonly opposing public opinions.
SERMON S. 1. On Isaiah xiv. 18, 19, 20; in which it has been endeavoured to pre
serve the genuine Sense and original Meaning of the Prophet in an exact and literal Translation. By Stephen Weston, B. D. Rector of Mamhead, &c. 4to. Is. Payne. 1786.
The first paragraph of this sermon indirectly pays a compliment to the preacher himself. The second is a compliment diretly addressed to the clergy, and particularly to the Bishop of Exeter (before whom it was preached); and the third contains a tribute of commendation to the services of the late Dr. Kennicott, who' (as Mr. Welton expresses it) hath planted a tree, and left it to spread, like the vine of Israel, from the river to the sea, and given permission to all to gather, and to eat, and to become the sons of knowledge.' • But it is noc (says The preacher) my intention to enter into any details on the subject of the various readings of the Hebrew Bible, or the life of its collator: ic is enough to say, that the work, whatever it may want of perfection, is worthy of its master and its patron; and will, we doubt