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have failed to relieve the complaint. This delay in the beginning of acute diseases is, in our Author's opinion, productive of the worlt consequences. If Dr. Adair, by the present performance, should be happy enough to remove any of the difficulties under which the medical art at present labours, he will certainly merit the thanks of the whole country, especially those of the profeffion, who, although poffeffed of genius and abilities, highly cultivated by an expensive and liberal education, have the mortification of seeing ignorant pretending coxcombs enriched by the exercise of an art to which they are a disgrace.
After briefly explaining the structure of the human body, and the nature of its functions, Dr. Adair points out the disadvantages under which we labour, in attaining medical knowledge in general, but especially such as is necessary for the foundation of a rational prac. tice. In the attempt of writing a popular book, our Author has happily fucceeded; for, excepting that useful body of men the apochecaries, on whom he hach passed some strictures, every class of readers will receive entertainment, as well as information, from the perufal of it; and the anecdotes, &c. which are frequently introduced, will serve to relieve the attentive reader, while they explain and illustrate the subject.
1111 We observe that this work, as well as the Author's Medical Cautions for the Consideration of Invalids, is benevolently intended for the benefit of the Bath Hospital.
L A w. Art. 36. A Discourse on the Use and Do&trine of Attachments, with
a Report, &c. By T. A. Pickering. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Fielding. 1786.
The Author of this pamphlet is by profession an attorney. It appears in the case, which he reports, that his client was arrested for 1621. 10 s. on a bill of exchange; and in Nov. 1783, Mr. Pickering gave an undertaking in writing to put in good bail, if required. In the month of June 1784, a motion was made in the court of Common Pleas againit Mr. Pickering, upon an affidavit obat application had been often made to him to put in good bail, pursuant to his undertaking, but that no bail was justified. The court granted a rule to thew cause why he should not pay che debt and costs, for not putting in bail pursuant to his undertaking: but this rule was on the next day enlarged to Michaelmas term, when no bail having juftified, che rule was made absolute against Mr. Pickering, and he was thereby ordered to pay the debt and costs : but the court added, that if he had any doubt of the legality of the plaintiff's demand, the same might be tried by a jury. Nothing could be more fair or juft: Mr. Pickering did not accept the offer. On the 27th January 1785, the court was again applied to ; and on 7th February following, it was referred to the prothonotary to settle the debt and costs, which was done at the sum of 1951. 65.7d. Mr. Pickering was, and, it seems, is ftill of opinion that the damages should be assessed by a jury, but the court thought otherwise : Diis aliter vifum. An attachirent issued against Mr. Pickering, who paid the money to the theriff's of London, and they, by order of the court, paid the same to the plaintiff's attorney. This is the short state of the proceedings, by which this
Author Author thinks himself aggrieved. He thinks it hard the judgment of the couri should be definitive, and proposes an act of parliament, giving an appeal by writ of error, the appellant in the mean time to be held to bail. But in the preamble of his act, he recites, that writs of attachment from courts of record for contempt of the law of the land, and those in the administration thereof, have, by long usage and cuítom, been approved, and are part of the law of the realm. Mr. Pickering is, therefore, at variance with himself, when he says that personal attachments are repugnant to the spirit of Magna Charta. Now Migna Charta is said to protect every individual in the free enjoyment of life, liberty, and property, unless forfeited by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land. He who does not perform an order of court is liable to an attachment, which is admitted to be part of the law of the realm : and attoroies, as they are offi. cers of the court, seem, with good reason, to be subject to the authority complained of. When an attorney undertakes to put in good bail, and for a year and a half has not done it, justice seems to require that he should pay the debt and costs, for the plaintiff ought not to suffer by his delay or contumacy. What good can accrue from an appeal by writ of error is not obvious, but it is evident that litigation, great delays, and expence would follow. Mr. Pickering has struggled hard, as he conceives, for the right of the subje&t: but, in their own calc, are not men apt to be partial ? If we must rejudge the court of Common Pleas, it appears to us that what they did was SUB TANTIAL JU TICE. Art. 37. Every Farmer his own Lawyer ; or the Country Gentle
man's complete Guide, containing all the Acts now in force ; together with adjudged Cares that particularly concern those who relide principally in the Country, &c. By W. Scott, of the Middle Temple, Esquire. Svo. 35. sewed. Lilter.
This performance is written in the style and manner of Burn's Justice, and is molly copied from that useful work. As it contains but few subjects, it can only be useful to a few readers : those for whom it is intended will however find in it all the newest laws, and several determined cases, on particular subjects, which were either difficult or doubtful. We find, in this work, the laws relative to Tithes, Game, Horses, and Carriages; regulations concerning Carriers and Watermen ; the laws concerning Turnpikes, Bridges, Rivers, Mills, Corn, &c. &c. and almost every other subject which belongs to the country gentleman or farmer, to whom this publica. tion may in some degree supply the place of Burn's Juitice.
PHILOSOPHY, &c. Art. 38. An Oration delivered before the American Philosophical
Society, held at Philadelphia, on the 27th Feb. 1786; containing an Enquiry into the Influence of Physical Caules upon the Moral Faculty. By Benjamin Ruth, M.D. Professor of Chemistry at Pennsylvania. 8vo. 15, 6d. Diliy. 1786.
We have here a curious paper on the various effects which are produced on the powers of the human mind, and especially on the moral faculty, by material, external causes. Dr. Rush enumerates the feveral circumstances which have an evident effect on the memory, the imagination, and the judgment, and through their medium on
the moral faculty. His language is sometimes tumid; but this may be pardonable in an Oration.
ASTRONOMY. Art. 39. The Astronomy of Comets. . By Blyth Hancock, Teacher of • the Mathematics. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Murray. 5786.
· This work contains a brief account of the solar system, and the method of calculating the places of comets moving in parabolic or. bits. Our Author exemplifies his theory by calculating fome places of the comet, which is expected to reiurn in 1789.
We are sorry to add that the present, like a former performance by the same Author *, muft evidently have coft no sinall portion both of labour and time, but can afford litole alüstance to the cyro, and no information to the proficient.
EDUCATION, &c. Art. 40. The Conversations of Emily. Translated + from the French
of Madame la Comtesse d'Epigny. 12mo. 2 Vols. 75. bound. Marshall. 1787.
The approbation and the success which have attended the literary productions of the Comtesie de Genlis, have, we suppose, given birth to the translation of the performance before us. We think so, the rather, as the Conversations of Emily seem intended to convey instruction, blended with amusement, which was the chief design of Madame de Genlis. These dialogues are carried on between a young lady and her mother; they are enlivened with liccle stories, anecdotes, &c. and are well adapted to infil into young minds, a desire for knowledge, a due deference to their superiors, a becoming condescension to their inferiors, and a police behaviour to all. The work does not seem to be ill translated; which is as much as we can fay, without seeing the original ; though we often meet with phrases that are evidently very literal renderings of the French expressions. In this age, however, when books of education are io exceedingly numerous, the volumes before us may be assigned, at leait, a middle sank in that class; and will prove, no doubi, acceptable and useful to those for whom the publication is intended.
In the Translator's Preface, we are informed that the famous Rousseau was an intimate friend of Madame d'Epigoy, and that he advised her to publish this work; we are likewise told, that in the year in which this work was published, a worthy citizen of Paris, zealous for the public good, deponted a sum of money with the French Academy, destined as a reward to that author, who, in the course of the year, should produce the m fi beneficial work to humanity. This learned society, according to che donor's intention, decided among the competitors, and unanimously adjudged the prize to Madame d'Epigry 1.
• Vid. Monthly Review, vol, Ixix. p. 519.
t By a Governels, as a preface informs us, for the use of her Pupils.
| We suppose this prize to have been on the same annual founda. tion with chat beitowed on M. Berquin, for his Aini des Enfuns : See Rev. vol. Ixx. p. 481. The value was about 50 guineas.
"The • The Empress of Rufia, who knows how to reward merit, upon the reception of Madame d'Epigny's book, immediately appointed Emily one of her Ladies of Honour, and settled on the mother a handsome pension, with the reversion of it to the daughter.'
Two such illustrious testimonials will, undoubtedly, have their due influence on the minds of the Public, and will prove a greater recommendation of the work, than any thing we can say in its favour. Art. 41. A Spelling-book, designed to render the Acquisition of the
Rudiments of our native Language easy and pleasant. By Mrs. Teachwell. 8vo. 1s. bound. Marshall. We do not perceive any real advantage or excellence that this fpe!ling-book possesses over others which have lately or formerly been published. The very great variety of examples, with which it abounds, may be thought useful, especially those toward the conclusion, containing ideas that are simple, easily comprehensible by young children, and at the same time well adapted for explaining several natural objects and operations, about which a child of a lively disposition is inquisitive. If, by gratifying the little pupil's curiosity, the teacher can convey instruction and knowledge, the tak will be pleasant, and easily performed. Art. 42. Academic Lessons : comprizing a System of Education par.
ticularly adapted to Female Seminaries. By R. Cawte, of Croydon, in Surry. 12mo. 25. 6d. bound. Symonds.
It is difficult to say, in what part of this work the Writer's system of education is to be found. In truth, we have seldom met with a piece which had less of the air of system or plan; nor can we dircover any thing in the trite and cursory remarks, and Aimsy tales, of which the book consists, to fulfil the enticing promises of the titlepage.
POETRY. Art. 43. Ode upon Ode; or, A Peep at St. James's; or, New Year's
Day; or, What you will. By Peter Pindar, Esq. 4to. 35. • Kearsley. 1787.
Still at the K-! Friend Peter! What hath the poor man done?
Oh! is it thereabout that the shoe pinches? Well! in time, perhaps, -and then we shall hear no more of
on Mr. Reviewer, your province, I take it, is criticism, not prophecy.”
Cry your mercy, Squire Pindar : but, a word in your ear ;-Your rantum fcantum * satires, lam poons, and lousy lyrics, can never be tried by the rules and laws of criticism : you might as well think of making a pig squeak to the dead march in Saul, while the butcher's knife is exploring his wind. pipe.
" Then cut me up, in your own way, and be d- d!”
* “ Let folly spring-my eagle, falcon, kite,
No-curse me if I do'.- Thou art a comical, merry fellow! Thou has just treated thy Reviewer with a hearty laugh, and Mall he, in return, cut thee up? He, WHO BEARS THE Critic's NOBLE NAME, Master Peter, disdains the office of a carcass-butcher!
« In return, I now cry your mercy, and wish you a good morning."
Exit Peter PINDAR. Go thy way, for a droll, witty, whimsical, magotty mortal, as thou art !-And now for thy Ode upon Ode.
The Laureat's last annual production is the subject of the present burlesque; and, as Squire Pindar hath managed the business, it hach not proved a barren one. The whole court figures in the growo poetic. Kings, Queens, Courtiers, Laureats, Flatterers, Toad-eaterį. and Connoilieurs, all pass in review, in this “ Fine GALLANTY SHOW ;” and high will be the entertainment, -to those who can afford to pay for peeping. Do,-see the Thow. 'Tis richly worth the money :- where that commodity is not scarce. Art. 44. Maria ; an Elegiac Poem. By J. M. Good. 410.
23. 6d. Dilly. The inspiration of grief alone, without the aid of a cultivated genius and correct taste, is not sufficient to produce the simple, tender notes of genuine elegy. In poetry it is much easier to be mag. nificent, than touching. With the admirers of the pure language of nature, this piece will never supplant Lord Lyttelton's Monody, or Shaw's Evening Address to the Nightingale. Art. 45. The Vifion; a Poem : to the Memory of Jonas Hanway,
Erg. 4'0. 18. 6d. Dodley. The zeal for the memory of a good and benevolent man, which inspired the writer of this day-dream, commands our approbation ; bui his performance is over-charged with fanciful and Howery des scription, which seems to intimate the youth of the writer. Considered on the whole, the poem manifeiis an amiable curn of mind. congenial with the subje&t. Art. 46. The Twaddle, a Christmas Tale. 460. 1s. Law. 1787.
Twaddle, like bore, and bum, and that's the barber, means--something that has no meaning at all. If our Readers are not satisfied with this definition, we with them to try their hands at a better. Meanwhile, in the true spirit of this twaddling poet, let what we have here written stand as a full and true account of his shiming Christnias Tale ; to which his present publication must be confidered as the preface. Next winter may posúbly bring us the Tale itself.
DRAMATIC. Art. 47. The Sultan; or a Peep into the Seraglio; a Farce, in two
Alts. By Isaac Bickerstaffe. 8vo. 60. Dilly. 1987. This piece is founded upon one of those tales which form the elegant collection of Marmontel. From that writer it may be pro. per, shortly, to give the ground work of this little drama. It is pleasant,' he says, 'to see the pains, with which historians labour to allign great causes for great events. The servant of Sylla would
• P. 32. “ Curse ne if I.am."