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enough in some places, on this general idea. In style he affects to imitate the pointed fimplicity of Dr. Franklin's “ Poor Richard :" but the copy drops far short of the original.

EAST INDIES. Art. 23. An authentic Copy of the Correspondence in India, between the

Country Powers and the Hon. the East India Company's Servants; containing, amongít many others, the Letters of Gov. Hastings, J. Macpherson, J. Stables, E. Wheler, Nath. Middleton, Francis Fowke, James Fraser, John Bristow, David Anderson, Esqrs. Sir John Cumming, General Stibbert, Colonel Morgan, Majors Pal. mer and Brown, &c. &c. together with the Minutes of the Supreme Council at Calcutta. The whole forming a Collection of the most interefling India Papers, which were laid before Parlia. ment in the Seffion of 1786. 8vo. 6 vols. 11. 165. Boards. Debrett. 1787.

Those who, 'from interest or curiosity, may wish for information, with respect to our political and military manæuvres in the East Indies, will here meet with abundant gratification, from the literary correspondence of our leading people in that part of the world, from 1775 10 1786, including every thing relative to the charges against Mr. Hastings. To the 6th volume is added an Indian Glosary, explaining all the proper names of Eaft-Indian titles, offices, matters of revenue, military terms, &c. &c. the utility of which is sufficiently evident.

IMPEACHMENT of Mr. HASTING S. Art. 24. The Speech of Major Scott, in the House of Commons, on

the Fourth Charge against Mr. Hastings, February 8, 1787. 8vo. Is. 6d. Debrett.

Major Scott, the able and vigilant advocate for Mr. Hastings, has again exerted himself with his usual zeal in the Governor's behalf, by stating every thing within the compass of his knowledge and abilities, in order to justify his friend's conduct respecting the Begums : a transaction that ought to be viewed with a mixed regard to Britith ideas of rectitude, and Indian maxims of conduct. Art. 25. Minutes of the Evidence taken before the House of Commons, on

the Charges against Warren Hastings, Esq. late Governor of Bengal. Being the Examinations of Nathaniel Middleton, Esg. and Sir Elijah Impey. 8vo. 15. 6d. Debrett. 1787.

This pamphlet contains the particulars of Mr. Middleton's and Sir Elijah Impey's examinations on Feb, the ist and 2d, with respect to some of the charges brought against Mr. Hastings. Several ori. ginal letters, which were produced in the course of the examination, are printed with these Minutes. The subsequent examination of these gentlemen on the 20th of February is not here given. Art. 26. The genuine Speech of Mr. Sheridan, delivered in the House

of Commons, on a Charge of high Crimes and Misdemeanors again't Warren Hattings, Eig. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Richardson. 1787.

The celebrated speech here printed is an excellent specimen of Mr. Sheridan's oratorical abilities. Perhaps we may be deceived as to its being altogether authentic: it exbibits, nevertheless, a good resemblance of that gentieman's manner. The substance of the

speech

speech we have seen in the newspapers, from which, with some little corrections, the present performance seems to have been compiled.

POLITICAL. Art. 27. A Retrospect of the Portraits lately delineated in a “ Short

Review of the Political State, &c.” Svo. ' is. Stockdale.

A spirited, but fair and candid, commentary on the Short Review. The present writer's aim is, to do justice to those great characters which, he apprehends, have been injuriously created by the Reviewer; particularly those of the P. of W. the Marquis of Carmarthen, and Mr. Hastings. With respect to the K-, our Retrospector promises to give us, hereafter, “ an original painting of him at full length, and taken from the life ;-less gaudy, perhaps, in the colouring, than that of the vivid, but unsubstantial, delineator, whose pencil has recently attracted the public; but certainly less ambiguously shaded, less undesned, and more absolute in the characteristic features that mark the monarch and the man.'

As the Reviewer had held up, for our esteem and admiration, the extraordinary character of the late King of Prussia, our Retrospector: hath drawn a different portrait of that prince; but such as will by no means attract the esteem of good men, nor excite the admiration of any man, who is not easily dazzled with che tinsel glitter of false greatness.

The commercial treaty with France is likewise an object of the present writer's attention, and had he been himself the parent, or the negociator of this measure, he could not have dwelt upon the subjeet with more rapiurous fondness. He considers it as the source and • reciprocation of benefits and blessings, that may be expanded from realm to realm, to a degree never supposed attainable by human dexterity, between nations hitherto invariably jealous, hoftile, and almost inveterate, against each other.' • That,' adds he,' this new and untried channel may be opened, we all powerfully feel ;- not only for commercial activity, enterprize, and indultry, but for all the endearing charities of life ; for cementing the too long divided bonds of peace, for planting the immortal olive, as the pledge of affection, instead of the fanguinary laurel, as the symbol of antipathy; - for preserving, through centuries, the spirit and act of good-will among men, who will lose all the low and miserable distinctions of different lands and languages, and smile and prosper in the interchange of good offices ;-embracing the interests and happiness of Euro; e as in a zone-and perhaps of the civilized earth:-for who may presume to say how far the effects of this treaty of universal friendthip and amity may extend ? It may prove the true social compact, bounded only, in its softening influence, by savage life, and even that it may gradually humanize.'-- All this is highly defireble, to say the leaft; and no part of it, we hope, is impossible. Do not, therefore, good reader, for humanity's sake, do not pronounce it altogether * visionary.

This publication, as our readers have seen, in the foregoing Mort extracts, is well written. In some places, the Ityle seems rather turgid and laboured; but the language is generally nervous, animated, and eloquens.

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Art. 28. The genuine Review of the Political State of an unhappy

Country, as originally written, before it was mutilated by a Right Rev. Prelate. 8vo. 15. od. Ridgeway.

The celebrated “ Short Review" (See our number for January] is here hashed up again, and presented to us as a new dish. The alterations, which seem very unfair, are fo managed, as to serve the purposes of the most inveterate malignity: the leading objects of which are, his M -, and the Prime Minister. On the other hand, the Heir-apparent is highly favoured; and some of his principal friends are distinguished as the first characters of the age. Art. 29. The new System of Libelling illustrated, in a critical Exami.

nation of a late Short Review, &c. 8vo. 15. 6d. Debrett. In this third answer to the “ Short Review,” that work is treated with great contempt. It is represented as an ill-written, and worse. intended rhapsody; and the great attention that hath been paid to it, the present Answerer chiefly ascribes to the aitonishment with which the Public beheld a hardy familiarity, under pretence of “ a speculative freedom," play with topics which discretion avoids, or touches with timidity and awe: For, adds he,

“--Fools rush in, where angels fear to tread.” Art. 30. The Monitor ; or, an Address to the People of Great Bri

tain, America, and Ireland, on the present Situation of Affairs. By M. Beaty, Teacher of the Claliics, &c. 8vo. 35. Debrett, &c. 1786.

It were to be wished, that Mr. Beaty's attention were more closely engaged in teaching the classics, than we may suppose to be the case; for had he not too much time upon his hands, he would, we imagine, . scarcely have suffered his thoughts to wander so much at large from their regular track, and have been so industrious to exhibit himself to a disadvantage. His Monitor is a trange jumble of piety and poli. tics; hints on education, popery, prostitution, war, the culiivation of waste lands, impressing of seamen, imprisonment for debt, &c. Where a man seriously means well, circumstances may sometimes re. ftrain us from laughing at a publication of weaknesses; and we claim fome meric in rehiting the present temptation. Art. 31. Considerations on the annual Million Bill, and on the real and

imaginary Properties of a Sinking Fund. 8vo. 15. Payne, 1787.

The sensible Author of this pamphlct argues against part of the late bill for reducing the national debt. He thinks the scheme a good one, provided the revenue of a peace establihment affords a furplus of a million per annum ; but the borrowing money, in case of a deficiency, is a measure he cannot approve. He attacks Dr. Price, and other political arithmeticians, who maintain the practicability of borrowing money at simple interest, while, by means of a sinking fund, they can pay at compound interest.

The result of his arguments is, itt, To endeavour, by every means noi discreditable, to preserve the continuance of peace. 2dly, economy. 3dly, A finking fund, supported by a clear annual surplus, and nit by loans. 4thly, To lower the iniiseils of our debts, when

it can with propriety be done. 5thly, To avoid new loans, if posfible; but if they must be, to create new funds that fall be more than fufficient to pay the interest. And lastly, To give eficacy to the whole, for a reasonable equivalent, ReStore GIBRALTAR; which fortification has, according to the Author's opinion, increased the national debt at least seventy millions, and still requires a very large annuity for its support.

AGRICULTURE. Art. 32. An Essay on Agriculture, with a view to inform Gentlemen

of landed Property, whether their Estates are managed to the greatest Advantage. By Thomas Stone. 8vo. 6s. Boards. Robson. 1785.

It would perhaps be happy for the republic of letters, if all didactic writers, were first to serve an apprenticeship as Reviewers; for in that case they would be obliged to read what had been previously written on a subject, before they commenced authors themselves; and that they would then not only know what points required to be elucidated, but they would allo be, in many cases, fully instructed on some branches of knowledge, in which they might oiherwise be litele informed, and be thereby prevented from troubling the world with their own crude and indigested notions. Mr. Stone, though he seems not to be deficient in natural talents, appears to have given himself very little trouble to enquire what has been said by others on the subjects he investigates. And though we admit, that less reading is neceflary to qualify a man to write on agriculture, than on most other subjects, if he has a sufficient fund of practical knowledge; yet, without a moderate share of reading, his notions will be fo confined, and his expreffions will be so local, that he will be understood only in the small circle where such words are current. There de. feets are so obvious in Mr. Stone's book, that we fear it never can be of much general utility.

It does not appear that this Author has had either much reading,. or much practical experience in agriculture ; though he seems to pol. tess a talent for observation, which, if cultivated, might be of use. In his remarks on foils, we have some pointing towards certain theories, that would have been better received a century ago. We were, in particular, greatly surprised to find, at the present time, long af. ter the nature of calcareous manures had been very minutely explained in several well-known publications on agriculture, thai Mr. Stone should so invariably make use of the terms marle, and clay, as entirely Synonymous.

We do not meet with any thing new in this treatise; but his observations on the advantages of a stock of cattle suitable to the farm are more out of the beaten track than the other parts of it. The praclical directions are, in general, liable to no great exception, and may be of use to some farmers, whose ideas have never yet been enlarged. The Author's chief aim, however, in this performance, is to impress landed gentlemen with an idea of the great importance of employing a steward, who understands the proper ma. nagement of an estate. To this theme he frequently returns, and intiits upon it with great zeal, ab ovo usque ad mala. Whence

we

we conclude, that Mr. Stone would have no objection to be himself employed in that capacity; and we doubt not but he is sufficiently qualified for discharging the duties of that office.

Though the style of this essay is rather too low for criticism ; yet we cannot help expressing the disgust that we felt at meeting, so very eften, with the intolerable vulgarism which we have so frequently had occasion to reprehend, viz. that of the verb to lay, instead of to lie. This occurs in almost every page ; and we do not recollect to have met with these words in the proper sense, even once, in this performance. For the use of such authors as are unacquainted with the common principles of Grammar, we beg leave to repeat, what we have often before mentioned, that to lay, preterite laid, always means to put some obiect down, so as tht it may remain where we have placed it ;-to lie- preterite, lay-means to place one's self in a cumbent posture.

MEDICAL. Art. 33. An Experimental Enquiry into the Properties of Opium, and its

Effects on living Subjects : being the Disputation which gained the Harveian Prize for the Year 1785. By John Leigh, M. D. 8vo. 25. 6d. sewed. Edinburgh, Elliot; London, Robinsons. 1786.

After describing the plant whence opium is e.tracted, and the manner in which it is prepared, our Author examines its constituent parts, and institutes a number of experiments to determine its effects on living animals. We do not find that he has made any new observations: his experiments indeed are numerous; but the conclu. tions drawn from them only serve to confirm the opinions concerning the properties and effects of this powerful medicine, which most writers on the materia medica have formerly delivered. Dr. Leigh very prudently declines giving any opinion about the operation of opium : it is a subject which, he says, has been much darkened by the Mhades of controversy. Art. 34. Physiological Conjef?ures concerning certain Functions of the

human Economy in the Fatus and the Adult. By James Rymer, 8vo. 18. Evans. 1787.

The Author acknowledges, that what he advances on this dark and intricate subject, is all conjecture; and, as such, he trusts it can be productive of no evil. His thoughts are ingenious; and, how. ever, at present, unsupported by argument, they may deserve the attention of practical anatomiits. Art. 35. A Philosophical and Medical Sketch of the Natural Hisory of

The Human Body and Mind. To which is subjoined; an Essay on the Difficulties of attaining medical Knowledge. By James Makittrick Adair, M. D. Fellow of the College of Physicians at Edinburgh. 8vo. 45. Boards. Dilly. 1787.

The design of this publication is to sew, that a superficial knowledge of the medical art must render the practice of it unsafe and dangerous, and to warn the reader against the evils resulting from the present prevailing propensity to empiricism. There are few nations in Europe where the practice of medicine is in so bad a face as in England. The experienced physician is seldom sent for, ontil the disease is confirmed and established, and several quack medicines

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