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eloquence than can be found in any other author. Voltaire, to de. preciate Shakespeare, has given a vile translation of Julius Cæfar, and compares it with the Cinna of Corneille. Mr. Sherlock quotes at length the speeches of Marc Antony, and opposes them to all that can be found in Homer or Virgil. He adds, Demofthenes and Ci. cero were orators by profession; is there any one of their orations fu. perior to Antony's? If the reader will take Mr. Sherlock's advice, and read Shakespeare's scene attentively, he will most probably agree that nothing can exceed it. Racine and Shakespeare are not to be compared : Racine made regular tragedies, Shakespeare did not; but he made dramatic pieces, which will intereft all classes of man. kind, as long as mankind mall exist, Voltaire has talked of monstrous farces and grave diggers ; but that writer was not more famous for his talents than for his practice of pillaging, and then calumniating the person whom he has robbed : read Zara and Othello, and then judge of the two poets. Mr. Sherlock says, Nature made SHAKESPEARE, and broke the mould. Upon the whole, the admirers of Shakespeare are much obliged to Mr. Sherlock for removing the prejudices so widely diffused by Voltaire. As the Author wrote in ita. lian, he has caught much of the style and manner of the country. He writes with enthusiasm, but his observations are not the less founded in truth.
L A w. Art. 33. A mort Enquiry into the Fees claimed and taken by the Clerk of Asize on the Home Circuit, &c. 8vo. 1s. Debrett. 1786.
To this Enquiry is prefixed a set of resolutions pasled by the Grand Jury for the county of Hertford, Summer aflizes 1786, in which it is stated that considerable sums were received by the clerk of aslize, his clerks, and others, under pretence of customary fees and perquifites of office, unwarranted by law, and in many instances contrary to various acts of parliament.
It is further ftated, that the said fees and perquisites were taken from persons preferring bills of indictment, proiecuting felons to conviction, or attending as witnesses, to the injury of such persons, the discouragement of public justice, and the great increase of the levies of the county. The Grand Jury conclude with recommending to the justices of the county, at quarter sessions, to caution all parties attending the aflizes against such exactions for the future. The pamphlet now before us is addressed to the justices, and proceeds minutely to ascertain the fees taken by the clerk of allize, setting forth the several clauses in various acts of parliament which prohibis the same, or settle the specific fee which ought to be taken. With. out seeing the answer of the clerk of assize, it were im proper for us to give a decisive opinion upon the subject. Men of the law have, no doubt, been astute in all ages for their own emolument. A buses, which have been tolerated, become traditional, and are too frequently turned into precedents to establish a right. All we can say is, that exactions, such as are stated in this pamphlet, call for some preventive remedy. That which the Grand Jury have adopted seems feeble and inadequate. The judge of allize, it is well known, can. not fit in court to hear complaints of this nature, and make a table of fees. All he can say, when applied to, is, that the officer must
be paid his fees, and if he takes too much, he is answerable for extortion. The consequence is, that the party complaining is left to pursue his legal remedy, but, instead of doing it, he prefers the money in his pocket to a troublesome and expensive litigation. To go at once to the root of the evil, application should be made to parlia. ment, and in an act for the purpose a table of fees might be set forth. with directions that the same shall be hung up in the office of the clerk of a flize, for the inspection of all persons whatever, and the exacting or receiving of more should be prohibited under proper penalties. Art. 34. Observations on the Use and Abuse of the Practice of the
Law. By a Friend to the Profession. 8vo. is. 6d. Anderson, &c.
This pamphlet has for its object the various mischiefs arising to mankind from low actorneys, and men deftiiute of all knowledge as well as morals, who, by undue means, force themselves into that branch of the profession, and prove the most pernicious locusts that ever infested human society. This race of men is represented in proper colours, drawing the unwary into suits, and when they succeed, ruining their clients by the bill of costs. Of chis species of imposi. tion several instances are given, and one in particular, told with fome humour, of a blind fidler, whore instrument was broken by one of the company for whom he played at a hop near Plymouth. The poor man had saved 301. : the attorney got that money into his hands, went to aflizes with his witnesses, tried his cause, and recovered a verdict for two guineas. The defendant Aed the country: the poor plaintiff spent all his money, and is fill in debt to the worthy attorney. The Author gives us a curious advertisement from the Daily Advertiser, in which an attorney makes profession of his knowledge, and is so oifinterelted as to offer his advice in Crown and Common Law cases, Chancery, and Conveyancing, for the moderate fee of is, in Prujean Square, Old Bailey, any day, except Sunday. On the last mentioned day chis worthy lawyer is supposed to go out of bis way to church. What a moral and exemplary man! The means by which this species of vermin encreafe and multiply are painted forth with a true pencil. One is a footman to a lawyer : he cleans Thoes and knives for five years, and having in that time learned to write, gets a certificate from his master, and is admitted an attorney. A noted alehouse-keeper at the west-end of the town, having been formerly sworn an attorney, has an office in the city, where three or four Jew clerks attend every day, and will in time be sworn attor. neys. We are presented with the history of a man well known by the name of the Little Lawyer, who from base, beginnings has risen to eminence. A noted undertaker, who formerly contracted for funerals in Newgate, and after many years became a bankrupt, has put himself clerk to an attorney, and is now, with the stock of knowledge which he acquired in that learned seminary, in the high road to be an eminent attorney. The intent of this pamphlet is to lay open the gross imposition of such wretches, the villanies which they practise, and, by a salutary caution, to put the unwary upon their guard. The deaga is truly laudable. We think it may be pursued to a wider extent; and should the Author enlarge his plan, he will at least have the merit of attempting to do a benefit to mana kind.
Art. Art. 35. The Paris Oficer's Companion ; or a new and complete
Library of Parish Law. By Somerville Dingley, Elg. Author of the Appendix co Barn's Justice. 12 mo. 25. 6d. Lifter. 1786.
Though the laws relative to parish affairs are pretty generally known, yet the many new acts that are palied, and the cases that are adjudged in the different courts, render new editions of works of this kind necessary for initructing church-wardens and overseers in their duty. We have not at hand the last edition of Shaw's Parish Law, for the purpose of comparison. Art. 36. Observations on the Statutes relating to the Stamp Duties,
particularly on professional and mercantile Proceedings, &c. By John Rayner, of the Middle Temple. Svo. 29. 6d. Flexney. 1786.
These Observations tend to shew the difficulties and inaccuracies, and sometimes the partiality with which, in Mr. R.'s opinion, the Itatutes relative to the stamp-duties abound. He thinks that other modes of increasing the revenue might have been adopted, which would have answered the purpose of the state as well, and, at the fame time, have convinced mankind, that the legislature had much more at heart the ease than the busthen of the subject.' The tax on attorneys is particularly disiked by this experienced observer, on account of its obvious inequality and oppreflive partiality.
EDUCATION, Schoo1. BOOKS, &C. Art. 37. Reading made mol: Easy; con Gifting of a Variety of use.
ful Lessons. By W. Rusher, Master of the Charity School at Banbury. 12mo. od. Gough. 1786.
Those who know the difficulties and trouble of teaching chil. dren the rudiments of reading, will find this little composition not ill calculated for rendering that laborious tak more fimple and easy. Art. 38. A Vocabulary of the most difficult Words in the English
Language, teaching to pronounce them with Ease and Propriety; Thewing their various Significations; and, where necessary, are spelled so as to indicate the true Articulation ; also, Names of Persons and Places, more particularly those in the New Testament : together with several common Phrases from the Latin and French, tranflated into English, &c. &c. By William Fry, Teacher of Languages and Mathematical Sciences. 12mo. 25. 6d. Boards, Buckland, &c.
That this is a whimsical medley, the reader will easily conclude from the title. Of the Editor's qualifications to write a dictionary, he may form some judgment from the following specimens:
Abandoned, given up to, &c. Authority Juvenal,
Art. 39. An EsJay on pronouncing and reading French : to show,
that by Study and Application the English may acquire, with Certainty, and in a short Time, the true French Accent. By Mr. Des Carrieres. 8vo. 35. 60. Boards. Elmsly. 1787.
This Essay seems to be better calculated for instructing English. men in the French pronunciation than any of those numerous publi. cations, for that purpose, which we have seen. There is a great difficulty in giving definitions of such ideas as are the objects of sense alone ; sounds therefore, like colours, are but ill defined by words. To persons entirely ignorant of the French pronunciation, the present performance can be of little service; but to those who have acquir. ed some knowledge of that language, it will afford very considerable alliitance. The Author appears to be a man of taste and ingenuity; his observations are founded on just grounds, and are the result of an extensive knowledge of language in general, and an intimate acquaintance with the belt authors on the subject. L'Abbé d'Olivet and M. Bouillette have afforded him great assistance; he acknow. ledges, indeed, to have freely used the latter's Traité des fons de la langue Françoise, a book of considerable reputation among the French.
EAST INDIES. Art. 40. Observations on the Defence made by Warren Hastings,
Esq. Part I. 8vo. 28. Debrett. 1737. ' Contains many severe animadverfions on the Defence, and on the . conduct, of Mr. Hastings, particularly in regard to the Rohilla war.
-This is the tract concerning which an unavailing complaint was made, in the House of Commons, by Major S. (the active friend of Mr. H.) on account of its “ malignant principle and tendency.”
The pamphlet is well-written : its author unknown, though shrewdly guelled at.
Poe TRY.. Art. 41. Blenheim, a Poem. By the Rev. W. Mavor. 410.
35. Cadell. 1787. We cannot apply to this poem, on Blenheim House, what Mr. Pope said of his Windfor Forest
“ Where pure description holds the place of rense”for there is much good funfe and laudable sentiment in this descrip. tive poem ; and both are agreeably arrayed in easy and (in general) harmonious numbers. The whole is introduced to the reader by a very modest Preface, in which he is informed that ' The Poem was not written amid philosophic ease and literary conversarion. It ori. ginated,' says the writer, from local attachments, and was prole. cured at those intervals when ill health gave a necessary relaxation from profesional avocacions, or when the cares of life drove the Author to the innocent alleviations of verle. Under such circumfances, had he poflefled real poetic genius, it must have been de. presled; and as he lays claim to little more than poetic inclination, he is too sensible his production is much unequal to the subject.'
Such becoming diffidence never fails to interest the reader in an author's behalf: whatever meric may appear in his production, ample credit is given him for it; and candour throws her friendly veil over Rev. Feb. 1787.
those imperfections which, from the pen of Arrogance, might have been judged worthy of the severelt criticism. Art. 42. The New Rofiiad: A Poem. 4to. Is. 62. Hookham,
1787. From the “ Session of the Poets," written by Sir John Suckling, in the reign of Charles the Second, down to The Diaboliad, in the reign of George the Third, we have had several poems on the same plan:-a vacant laureatship, or a vacant throne in the infernal Thades, or, &c. &c. 'This new work is to be considered as a vehicle, to convey, to the Public, the Author's sentiments relative to the merits of the present set of actors on the London boards, -as the cant of the times has it.
“GARRICK deceas'd, each high-aspiring play'r
Aseris pretensions to the vacant chair-" COLMAN is, very properly, appointed judge ; and the several per. formers are characterised, in advancing their several claims. Mrs. Siddons obtains the preference,
" -- you, great Siddons! must possess the chair,
Nor quit it till thou’lt plac'd an equal there.” The Author appears to have formed a tolerably just conception of the respective talents and merits of all the candidates ; but his Muse hobbles, if posible, a thousand times worse than Suckling's: and the was but a forry Trapes. Art. 43. The Maniacs: a Tragi-comic Tale. By Nicholas
Nobody. 4to. Is. Ridgway, 1786.. Mr. Nobody, viewing Margaret Nicholson's attempt on the life of his Majesty in a ludicrous light, has made it the subject of a ballad, to the cune of Catharine Hayes; but the story being rather barren of incident, the Author supplies that deficiency by his invention. He introduces the Lords in Council, at the examination of the Maniac ; who, in a scoffie with the Chancellor, deprives him of his wig, and provokes him to a plentiful display of his skill in the vulgar congue : and the humour of all this is alliited by a copper-place frontispiece. Art. 44. The Calina, a Pocm. 410. Is. Becket.
In a happy imitation of the easy style of Anfty's Bath Guide, this Trous) unko mun author describes the agreeable company which he met with, last summer, at \Vevbridge: not over-looking the pretty scenery of the place from which this very pleasing poem takes its Dame. Art. 45. The Fallen Cottage. A Poem. By T.C. Rickman.
400. 25. od. Kearfley. 1787. Rustic scenery, and rulic life, not annaturally described, in rufic verse. Mr. R. though blefied with no extraordinary powers of poetry, seems to feel, and to enjoy, the fuplicity of his subject: we hope, too, that he enjoys the goods effects of his numerous and respectable list of subscribers.
DRAMATIC, Art. 46. The First Flor; a farce, In two Alis. As reore
sented at the 'Theatre Royal in Drury Lane. Svo. 15. Dilly. 1787.
This piece is incribed to Mr. King, as an acknowledgment of thu utility derived to the Author (Mr. COLD) from that genileman's