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fever, at these periods, with as much confidence as he could foretel the revolution itself. The remittents, as well as intermittents, are observed, both with regard to their firft attack and their exacerbations, to be subject to the same influence.
In the cure of these fevers, Dr. B. has found, that after proper evacuacions, the bark always succeeds, but more especially and effeétually during the interval between the full and change, and the change and full moon; but for particulars we must refer the media cal reader to the book, where he will meet with much information, and many curious, as well as useful, remarks.
The subject is undoubtedly of the utmost importance, for we have no disease which is more frequent, and attended with more danger. than fevers in general; and whoever investigates their nature, or attempts to unfold a principle, on which a successful mode of practice may be established, justly merits the thanks both of the physician and the patient. Art. 17. A Reply to Dr. Berkenhout's Dedication to each indi
vidual Apothecary in England, prefixed to his Symptomatology. By Somebody, who is a Friend to Candour. 8vo. 1s. Rivingtons. 1726.
A poor attempt to refute the judicious remarks which Dr. Berkenhout, in the dedication to his Symptomatology, made on the state of medical practice in England *. 'The Author of this reply is doubtless conscious of the justice of the Doctor's censure; he feems to feel the laih with impatience, but he wants strength sufficient to repel the attack. Art. 18. The fingular Case of a Lady, who had the Small Pox during Pregnancy, and who communicated the Disease to the Fotus. By William Lynn, Surgeon. As read at the Royal So. ciety in February 1786. 8vo. 6d. Macrea.
This we cannot think a singular case; it has often occurred in pra&ice, and is consistent with the general theory of the disease. See Philosophical Transactions for the year 1739, where fix such cases are recorded, Art. 19. A System of Anatomy, from Monro, Winslow, Innes, and the latest Authors, arranged, as nearly as the Nature of the Work would admit, in the Order of the Lectures delivered by the Pro. feffor of Anatomy in the University of Edinburgh. 8vo. 2 Vols. with Copperplates. 155. bound. Edinburgh, Elliot. London, Robinsons.
Such is the title of the work before us. Turning over the adver olement of the edicor, and the table of contents, we met with anos ther: A Syftem of Anatomy, Part I. containing the Anatomy of the Human Bones, by the late ALEXANDER MONRO, M. D. F. R S. &c. Going on towards the middle of the ist vol. we found another title. page : A System of Anatomy, Part II. containirg a Descriition of the Humar Muscles, chiefly as they appear on Difjection, together with their Jeveral Uses, and the Synonyma of the best Authors, by John Innes, and so on. The compiler has made choice of the moli approved writers, yet we think the authors themselves, without mutilation,
• See Rev, vol. Ixxiv. P: 315.
preferable to this mode of edition. The copperplates are in many places confused and obscure; the scale on which they are drawn is much too small, and the engraving is coarse. Art. 20. The Domestic Physician ; or Guardian of Health, Point
ing out, in the most familiar Manner, the Symptoms of every Dis. order incident to Mankind; together with their gradual Progress and Method of Cure : particularly adapted to the Use of private Families, though equally eff ntial to the Faculty. By B. Corn. well, M. L. 8vo. 75. 64. bound. Murray,
Constructed upon the plan of Buchan's Family Physician, but miserably executed. The compilation is injudicious; and every page affords false spellings, typographical errors, or inaccuracies of language.
POLITIC A L. Art. 21. An Answer to the Woollen Draper's Letter on the French
Treaty; addrested to the People of England, but more especially to the Woollen Manufacturers. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Brooks. 1787.
We do not find one of the Woollen Draper's arguments invalidated by this abusive answer: and we think the principles of the Author are as contrary to the manufacturing and commercial interests of the country as his language is to decency and good manners. He would have artificers mind their own business, and trust to the superior knowledge of ministry for procuring a market and suitable price for the productiuns of their labour and ingenuity.
The Author's attack on the political conduct of Mr. Wedgwood, is unjust and illiberal in the highest degree. Art. 22. A Reply to “A fbort Review of the Political State of
Great Britain," &c. 8vo. Is. 6d. Bell. A selling pamphlet (especially in the political line) always produces an answer: if it be a very selling performance, it asually excites more than one opponent: the grand question is, who shall ftart first, and away the competitors daih 's The devil take the hind
Thus circumstanced, it is no wonder that we commonly find these headlong Answers, Replies, Rejoinders, Refutations, &c. &c. to be crude and defective; and that while the halty criticiser is plentifully loading the original writer with charges of ignorance, crror, or the wickedness of wilful falsehood, the accuser lays himself open to recriminacion ; and his own performance is perhaps more reprehensible than that which he is so alert in attacking.
This is pretty much the case with the present political prize. fighter, who was the first to take the field against the “ Short Re. viewer;" and who appears to have been so much in an hurry to turn out first, that, we suppose, he did not even allow himself time to revise his manuscript before he sent it to the press; for, if he had taken that precaution, he could not surely have stumbled on the following egregious Irishism.-It is the etiquette of the British court, he says, on the dismillion of a Minister, to blacken his character.• It is done by his successors, for the Lme reasons that the princes of Barbary cut off each other's heads.'--It must be a curious fight to be. hold one of these illustrious and dextrous Africans, without a bead, wield the glittering faulchion, and, in his turn, whip off that of his
beheader, bebeader. St. Patrick himself scarce performed a greater feat, when, after his decollation (as we lately took occasion to note), he swam across the Liffy with his head in his teeth.
As an Answer to the “ Short Review,” this pamphlet is not distinguished by any remarkable keenness of inveitigation, strength of argument, or brilliancy of wit. It treats that Revierw as a Court Pamphlet; but our Author thinks it so abounds with contradictions, and inconsistencies, that those whom the Reviewer wished most to serve, or to please, have little to thank him for. Art. 23. The People's Answer to the Court Pamphlet, entitled, A
fort Review of the Political State of Great Britain, 8vo. 1s. 68. Debrett.
By · The People's Answer,' we are to understand that this is the production of an individual, containing the sense of many who still think for themselves,' uninfluenced by the Almanac Royal, or Court Calendar for the new year. The Author charges the Reviewer with duplicity, under the mask of candour; he attacks him, article by article, in every division of his pamphlet, and we have really been entertained with the vivacity of his remarks. We were particularly pleased with the justice of the reprehension which he bestows on the author of the court pamphlet' for his uncandid treatment of the P of W ~ , on whom he has so freely lavished his strictures, without noticing, as in all fair dealing he ought to have done *, the noble step, taken by the P- , in the voluntary appropriation of half his income (the writer says more than half) to the gradual payment of his debts. Our Author takes a cursory view of the conduct of his R. H. particularly with respect to the misunderstanding said to have unhappily subsisted, for some time past, between the sovereign and the heir apparent; and he enters with spirit into an apo. logy for the P- , but not in terms disrespectful to the K-, For the rett, we refer to the pamphlet. Art. 24. A Letter to the Right Hon. Edmund Burke, El. occa.
fioned by his Speech in the House of Commons, Feb. 5, 1787. 8vo. Is. Bell.
We cannot but deem this a very unfair attack on Mr. Burke. If gentlemen are to be abused without doors, for what, perhaps with. our premeditation, they have uttered in delivering their sentiments within, the freedom, and even safety, of senatorial debate, is ftruck at; and the consequence may be of great prejudice to the community. Had Mr. B. published his speech, this ministerial champion anight, then, with propriety, have taken the field against him ; but as the case stands, we think the letter-writer highly reprehensible; especially as his mode of assault is so illiberal, that it naturally rea minded us of the following passage in one of Robin Hood's ballads :
“ Tbe shepherd, with his crook, gave Little John
A sturdy bang under the chin ;
Thou bafely doft begin !”
* The author of the preceding Reply, likewise, very properly, passes a stricture on this omission. Rev. Feb. 1787.
Art. 25. A candid Enquiry into the Case of the Prince of Wales;
shewing that a very considerable Sum is due to his Royal Highness, more than the Amount of his Debts. 8vo. is. Bell. 1786.
The Author of this pamphlet asserts, that the principality of Wales and the Duchy of Cornwall, are estates held of the nation, independ. ent of the crown; and that the Prince is intitled to receive the revenues thence arising, from the time of his birth. He says the principality of Wales renders annua!ly 24,000l. and the Duchy of Cornwall 10,000l. These sums have remained unaccounted for ; and in the space of 24 years, amount to 816,cool, of which the Prince has only received 74,000 l. per ann. for three years. A balance of 594,cool, is therefore, according to this account, due to the Prince, which is almost three times the whole of his debts.-This needs no comment.
COMMERCIAL TREATY with FRANCE.
may affect the Commerce, the Revenue, or the general Policy of
This investigation of the commercial treaiy with France is well written, but is so conducted as to brand every article of it with ab. furdity, and to thew that it teems with destruction to every political and commercial interest of this devoted country! It proves beyond all power of contradiction, because upon the basis of actual history, and the authority of official documents, the constant alternation of success or ruin to our commerce, as the trade with France was shut or open. Till a better criterion can be instituted for determining upon the probability of the future, than a reference to the past, it will not be denied that some use is to be derived from such a review as that which has just been taken.
Commerce is, however, so dependent on fluctuating circumstances, which alter the relative situation of countries, that we ought not in. variably to be governed in our future proceedings by past experi. ence: for without presuming to take one side of the queltion so strenuously as this writer urges the other, it may safely be advanced, that if the advantages granted to France in her wines, brandies, and oils, are in their nature exposed to no instability either of caprice or competition ; they are the native produce of their land, they de. inand no skill in preparing, and it is not therefore within the reach of accident to deprive her of them :-and if our acquired excellence in manufactures, furnish us now with ample equivalents to exchange for these productions; a trade that might possibly have been disad. vantageous at the close of the last century, may nevertheless become clearly expedient at the close of this.'
We are as little fatisfied with another inference drawn by the Au.' thor from our conduct in times past. "The French,' says he, ‘have fought, for a century, with the exertion of every active and insidious policy, to accomplish this brotherly reciprocity of connection and friendship. The year 1787 will be the first period of their enjoyment of it. Have they been urging this for so long a space of time, and we declining it, with a mutual ignorance on both parties, they of their own good, and we of our own danger ? The fact is, nation's feldom err long in points that respect their own immediate advan
tage. Casual prejudice, or occifional incapacity in their rulers, may mislead them for a time; but the regular influence of understanding and interest will prevail at last. That which has been anxiously desired by one power, and as vehemently refused by the other, through a variety of changes of government and of circumstances, which has been steadily pursued by every description of minifters in the one country, however repugnant in their general poo litics ; and as uniformly refifted by every fuccellion of disagreeing politicians in the other; is evidently to the advantage of the power which seeks, and to the injury of that which rejects. The uniform prevalence of such a sentiment, is the demonftration of experience, delivered through the medium of the united sense of both empires; and if any thing can decide upon the dire&ion of their respective interests, this muft.'
In this paslage we have a strong fanction given to national prejudices; and when they have taken root for ages, they do not readily give way to principles that tend to eradicate them : the Author has, however, un guardedly complimented the difpofition of our neighbours at the expence of his own countrymen, and juitified any hostile conduct we may have provcked; the alternative being quite natural- If you will not meet our friendship, we muft meet your enmity!
On these principles, the English and the Scots were pursuing their common interest while they were at war with each other, during successive centuries; for nations seldom err long in points that respect their own immediate advantage!' In truth the measure of uniting both these nations in a brotherly reciprocity of connection and friendship,' was, during the negociation, reprobated by hoc-headed zealots on both sides : but party cavils, however obftinate, wcar out in time, and the Union is now well understood, and generally applauded.
This writer's commercial statements correspond with his hoftile doctrine, and all tend to hold up the treaty in so ridiculous a point of view, that for the credit of our negociators, as well as the importance of the measure, we hesitate where he is most confident. More tempor is neceflary to convince us that truth alone is the object of the investi. gation. . Art. 27. Historical and political Remarks on the Tariff of the
Comriercial Treaty: with preliminary Observations. 8vo. 25. 6d. Cadell. 1787
This production affords us a clear and elaborate discusion of the fubject, unclouded with those alarming predictions of national ruin, held out to us by the preceding writer, and equally clear of the glofles of panegyric on the proposed measure. The present treaty, which is generally derived from that of Utrecht, is here traced up to one concluded with France by Oliver Cromwel, in 1655; and that again from the commercial part of the treaty of Muniter, the acknowledged parent of the most essential branches of all our subre. quent negociations. The intelligent writer complains of the defultory, embarrased, and obscure ftyle of public treaties, from negociators being content to copy the forms and phrases of their predeceffors; which, however well adapted in their criginal application, often lose their effect when employed in a different age, and applied to flates differing in character and habits. To facilisate, therefore, M 2