The Ability to Mourn: Disillusionment and the Social Origins of Psychoanalysis

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University of Chicago Press, 19 июл. 1989 г. - Всего страниц: 390
Peter Homans offers a new understanding of the origins of psychoanalysis and relates the psychoanalytic project as a whole to the sweep of Western culture, past and present. He argues that Freud's fundamental goal was the interpretation of culture and that, therefore, psychoanalysis is fundamentally a humanistic social science. To establish this claim, Homans looks back at Freud's self-analysis in light of the crucial years from 1906 to 1914 when the psychoanalytic movement was formed and shows how these experiences culminated in Freud's cultural texts. By exploring the "culture of psychoanalysis," Homans seeks a better understanding of what a "psychoanalysis of culture" might be.

Psychoanalysis, Homans shows, originated as a creative response to the withering away of traditional communities and their symbols in the aftermath of the industrial revolution. The loss of these attachments played a crucial role in the lives of the founders of psychoanalysis, especially Sigmund Freud but also Karl Abraham, Carl Jung, Otto Rank, and Ernest Jones. The personal, political, and religious losses that these figures experienced, the introspection that followed, and the psychological discovery that resulted are what Homans calls "the ability to mourn."

Homans expands this historical analysis to construct a general model of psychological discovery: the loss of shared ideals and symbols can produce a deeper sense of self (psychological structure-building, or individuation) and can then lead to the creation of new forms of meaning and self-understanding. He shows how Freud, Jung, and other psychoanalysts began to extend their introspection outward, reinterpreting the meanings of Western art, history, and religion. In conclusion, Homans evaluates Freud's theory of culture and discusses the role that psychoanalysis might play in social and cultural criticism.

Throughout the book, Homans makes use of the many histories, biographies, and psychobiographies that have been written about the origins of psychoanalysis, drawing them into a comprehensive sociocultural model. Rich in insights and highly original in approach, this work will interest psychoanalysts and students of Freud, sociologists concerned with modernity and psychoanalysis, and cultural critics in the fields of religion, anthropology, political science, and social history.
 

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Содержание

Disillusionment and the Ability to Mourn as
13
DeIdealization in Freuds Life and Thought
29
Count Thun
82
Freuds Mother His Death Anxiety and the Problem
96
Psychoanalysis
109
The Sociology of Freuds SelfAnalysis and
129
Disenchantment
143
Psychoanalysis Science
209
Framing the Argument with Freuds Little Discourse
261
The Fate of the Ego in Primitive and Civilized
283
Second Contradiction
297
The Conflict between Religious Absolutism and Curiosity
313
Mourning
326
at the End of The Tempest as a Model
344
References
369
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Об авторе (1989)

Peter Homans is professor of religion and psychological studies in the Divinity School, professor of social sciences in the College, and a member of the Committee on the History of Culture at the University of Chicago. He is the author of Jung in Context, also published by the University of Chicago Press.

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