The Proto-Germanic n-stems.: A study in diachronic morphophonology
Rodopi, 2011 - Всего страниц: 424
The n-stems are an intriguing part of Proto-Germanic morphology. Unlike any other noun class, the n-stems have roots that are characterized by systematic consonant and vowel alternations across the different Germanic dialects. This monograph represents a diachronic investigation of this root variation. It traces back the Germanic n-stems to their Indo-European origin, and clarifies their formal characteristics by an interaction of sound law and analogy. This book therefore is not just an attempt to account for the typology of the Germanic n-stems, but also a case study of the impact that sound change may have on the evolution of morphology and derivation.
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6 CONSONANT GRADATION IN THE VERB
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ablaut ablauting n-stem allomorphy analogical Associationen assumed attested basis Beekes Bosworth/Toller consonant gradation consonantism derived developed dial etymological Etymologisches evidence explained Falk/Torp Fick/Falk/Torp formation Franck/Van Wijk fricatives Frisian full grade full-grade geminates genitive Germanic dialects Germanic n-stem Germanic word Gothic Grimm Grimm's law Hellquist Helten Holthausen Holthausen 1934 hysterokinetic Icel Indo-European Indo-European languages inflection iterative Kauffmann Kluge's law Kluge/Seebold Kortlandt languages Lexer Liibben Liihr Lith loanword locative Low German n-stems nasal neuter nominative Northwest Germanic o-grade OFri Old High German Old Norse original paradigm paradigmatic plural Pokorny Poulsen probably Proto-Germanic Proto-Indo-European reconstructed root variants secondary seems semantic singulate stem strong verb suffix Swab thematic twig umlaut Upper German Verdam Verner's law Visp vocalism voiceless Vries West Germanic WFri Worterbuch zero grade zero-grade