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1. When a Senator desires to address the Senate he shall rise in his place, address the President, and when recognized he shall proceed to speak.

2. No Senator shall speak more than twice in any one debate on the same day, and at the same stage of the bill, without leave; and Senators . who have once spoken shall not again be entitled to the floor (except for explanation) so long as any Senator who has not spoken desires to speak.

3. No Senator shall be interrupted when speaking, and no question shall be asked him except those through the presiding officer.

4. The author of a bill, motion, or resolution shall have the privilege of closing the debate. (Senate Rule No. 17.)

SEC. 315.

SENATOR ENTITLED TO FLOOR.

When two or more Senators arise at the same time to address the Senate, the presiding officer shall designate the Senator who is entitled to the floor. (Senate Rule No. 18.)

SEC. 316.

SENATOR, WHEN CALLED TO ORDER, MUST SIT DOWN. When a Senator shall be called to order he shall sit down until the President shall have determined whether he is in order or not; and every question of order shall be decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the Senate by any Senator.

If a Senator be called to order for words spoken, the objectionable language shall immediately be taken down in writing by the Secretary of the Senate. (Senate Rule No. 19.)

SEC. 317.

PRECEDENCE OF QUESTIONS IN DEBATE. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be received but the following privileged questions, which shall have precedence in the following order:

1. To adjourn.
2. For a call of the Senate.
3. To lay on the table.
4. To postpone to a day certain.
5. To commit.
6. To amend.
7. To postpone indefinitely. (Senate Rule No. 43.)

SEC. 318.

MOTION NOT TO BE DEBATED UNTIL SECONDED AND ANNOUNCED.

No motion shall be debated until the same be seconded and distinctly announced by the President; and it shall be reduced to writing if desired by the President or any Senator, and read by the Secretary, before the same shall be debated. (Senate Rule No. 44.)

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SEC. 319.

READING OF A PAPER, IF OBJECTED TO, DETERMINED WITHOUT

DEBATE.

When the reading of a paper (except a petition) is called for, and the same is objected to by any Senator, the question shall be determined by a vote of the Senate. (Senate Rule No. 45.)

SEC. 320.

FORM OF PREVIOUS QUESTION-CALL OF SENATE. The previous question shall be put in the following form: “Shall the question be now put?” It shall only be admitted when demanded by a majority of the Senators present upon division; and its effect shall be to put an end to all debate except that the author of the bill or the amendments shall have the right to close, and the question under discussion shall thereupon be immediately put to a vote. On a motion for the previous question prior to a vote being taken by the Senate, a call of the Senate shall be in order. (Senate Rule No. 57.)

SEC. 321.

ORDER IN SPEAKING TO QUESTIONS. Every member, when he speaks, shall, standing in his place, address “Mr. Speaker,?? and when he has finished he shall sit down. No member shall speak more than twice during the consideration of any one question, of whatever nature, on the same day and at the same stage of proceedings, without leave being granted, except the author of a bill or resolution, or mover of a question, who shall have the right

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to close the debate. No member shall be allowed to speak more than fifteen minutes upon any question except by leave of the house, and except further, the author shall be allowed fifteen minutes to open and fifteen minutes to close. (Assembly Rule No. 39.)

SEC. 322.

SPEAKER TO DECIDE WHO IS ENTITLED TO THE PLACE.

When two or more members shall rise at once, the Speaker shall pame the member who is first to speak. (Assembly Rule No. 38.)

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SEC. 323.

CALLING MEMBERS TO ORDER WHEN TRANSGRESSING RULES.

If any member, in speaking or otherwise, transgresses the rules of the house, the Speaker shall, or any member may, call to order; in which case the member so called to order shall immediately sit down, unless permitted to explain; and if called to order by a member, such member shall immediately state the point of order. If the point of order be sustained by the Chair, the member shall not be allowed to proceed; but if it be not sustained, then he shall be permitted to go on. Every such decision from the Chair shall be subject to an appeal to the house, but no discussion of a question of order shall be allowed, unless an appeal be taken from the decision of the Chair. (Assembly Rule No. 37.)

SEC. 324.

CALLING TO ORDER FOR OFFENSIVE WORDS IN DEBATE.

If any member be called to order for offensive words spoken in debate, the person calling him to order shall report the words excepted to, and they shall be taken down in writing at the Clerk's table; and no member shall be held to answer, or be subject to censure of the house, for language used in debate, if any member has spoken or other business has intervened after the words spoken and before exception to them shall have been taken. (Assembly Rule No. 40.)

SEC. 325.

PREVIOUS QUESTION DEMANDED. The previous question shall be put only when demanded by three members. (Assembly Rule No. 47.)

SEC. 326.

PREVIOUS QUESTION. The previous question shall be in this form: “Shall the main question be now put?And its effect, when sustained by a majority of

' the members present, shall be to put an end to all debate and bring the house to a vote on the question or questions before it. (Assembly Rule No. 45.)

SEC. 327.

QUESTIONS OF ORDER AFTER PREVIOUS QUESTION IS ORDERED.

All incidental questions of order arising after a motion is made for the previous question, and pending such motion or previous question, shall be decided (whether on appeal or otherwise) without debate; provided, that after the previous question shall have been ordered, ten minutes shall be allowed for explanation of the matters covered by the previous question, of which five minutes shall be given to the member moving the previous question and five minutes to those opposed thereto. (Assembly Rule No. 46.)

SEC. 328.

PRECEDENCE OF MOTIONS DURING DEBATE. When a question is under debate, or before the house, no motion shall be received but: To adjourn; to lay on the table; for the previous question; to postpone to a day certain; to commit or amend; to postpone indefinitely; which several motions shall have precedence in the order in which they are named, but the first three shall be decided without debate; and no motion to postpone to a day certain, to commit, or to postpone indefinitely, being decided, shall again be allowed on the same day and at the same stage of the proceedings. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill shall have preference over a motion to amend, and, if carried, shall be considered equivalent to its rejection. A dilatory motion shall not be considered intervening business within the meaning of parliamentary usage. (Assembly Rule No. 44.)

SEC. 329.

DEBATE NOT ALLOWABLE-WHEN.

When the reading of a paper is called for, except petitions, and the same is objected to by a member, such reading shall be determined by a vote of the house, without debate. (Assembly Rule No. 57.)

All questions relating to the priority of business shall be decided without debate. (Assembly Rule No. 56.)

SEC. 330.

PERSONAL EXPLANATION.

Any member may rise to explain a matter personal to himself, with leave of the Chair, but shall not discuss a question in such explanation. (Assembly Rule No. 41.)

PART III. VOTING.

SEC. 331.

VOTING ON BILLS, ETC. No law shall be passed except by bill. Nor shall any bill be put upon its final passage until the same, with the amendments thereto, shall have been printed for the use of the members; nor shall any bill become a law unless the same be read on three several days in each house, unless, in

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case of urgency, two-thirds of the house where such bill'may be pending, shall, by a vote of yeas and nays, dispense with this provision. Any bill may originate in either house, but may be amended or rejected by the other; and on the final passage of all bills they shall be read at length, and the vote shall be by yeas and nays upon each bill separately, and shall be entered on the journal, and no bill shall become a law without the concurrence of a majority of the members elected to each house. (Constitution, art. IV., sec. 15.)

SEC. 332.

NECESSARY VOTES ON SENATE ACTIONS. 1. A majority of the members elected (twenty-one votes) to pass all bills (except No. 2).

2. Two-thirds of the members elected (twenty-seven votes) to pass a bill increasing number of Superior Judges.

3. Two-thirds of the members elected (twenty-seven votes) to suspend the Constitution in case of urgency.

4. Two-thirds of the members elected (twenty-seven votes) to pass constitutional amendment.

5. Two-thirds of the members elected (twenty-seven votes) to pass urgency clause and urgency bills for preservation of public peace, health or safety.

6. A majority vote of those voting to amend a constitutional amendment.

7. A majority of the members elected (twenty-one votes) to pass concurrent resolution ratifying a city charter or amendment thereto.

8. Two-thirds of the members elected (twenty-seven votes) to pass a bill over Governor's veto.

9. Three-fifths of the members elected (twenty-four votes) to increase the number of attaches and employees.

10. A majority vote of those voting to pass all other resolutions.

SEC. 333.

NECESSARY VOTES ON ASSEMBLY ACTIONS.

1. Attaches and employees, to appoint other than statutory, threefifths of the members elected. Political Code, Section 246 (forty-eight votes).

2. Bills, increasing Superior Judges, two-thirds of the members elected (fifty-four votes).

3. Bills, to introduce after constitutional recess, sixty votes.

4. Bills, to pass, a majority of the members elected forty-one votes (except to increase Superior Judges)].

5. Bills, to substitute, majority vote.

6. City charter, to amend, a majority of the members elected (fortyone votes).

7. Constitutional amendments, to amend, majority vote.

8. Constitutional amendments, to pass, two-thirds of the members elected (fifty-four votes).

81. General file, two-thirds of the members elected (fifty-four votes) or unanimous consent of members present necessary to change the order of business on file.

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