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Apocrypha. Before 6 Sure keeping is good, where an of the Lord, and declare the things Before about 200. evil wife is; and shut up, where many that I have seen: In the words of the about 20. hands are.
Lord are his works.
weight; and put all in writing that eth upon all things, and the work Or, dealest thou || givest out, or receivest in thereof is full of the glory of the 1 Or, rebuke. 8 Be not ashamed to || inform the Lord.
unwise and foolish, and the extreme 17 The Lord hath not given power | Or, that is aged that contendeth with those to the saints to declare all his marfornication. that are young: thus shalt thou be vellous works, which the Almighty
truly learned, and approved of all Lord firmly settled, that whatsoever
is might be established for his glory.
19 He declareth the things that
21 He hath garnished the excel-
works! and that a man may see even
| main for ever for all uses, and they
14 Better is the || churlishness of against another: and he hath made
of another: and who shall be filled
a Chap. 25, 21.
selling at a fixed price, and not varying the rate, so translators have there rightly rendered in the singula as to get sometimes less and sometimes more. Bad- | number. Arnald. well.
18. --- he beholdeth the signs of the world. The least 13. -- from women wickedness. Not from all, but perceptible point of time is called by the Greek woru from lewd women: from such may be expected to come here rendered “signs.” The meaning is, that Go both “ wickedness” and misery. Badwell, Arnald. knoweth every portion and instant of time, and what
14. — than a courteous woman,] One who ensnares passeth in it. Grotius, Arnald. by false fondness and deceitful arts. Arnald.
22. -- that a man may see even to a spark.] The works 15. I will now remember the works of the Lord,] From of God are worthy of being beheld and considered, even this place to the end of the book the author is wholly to the least spark, in which the Divine power can be taken up, either in praising the Lord and enlarging discerned. Badwell. There is nothing so small and upon the excellence of His works, or in publishing the insignificant, not even a spark, which does not declare praises of the Jewish worthies. Arnald.
the wisdom and the power of God. Calmet. - In the words of the Lord are his works.] He be- 24. All things are double one against another :] Eart gins with a fine thought, that the word, or almighty thing has iis contrary in nature, and the one is opposed fiat, of the Lord, was a perfect work, 2 Esdr. vi. 38; | to the other; night to day, evil to good, death to life, which greatly resembles that of Moses, Gen. i. 3, or cold to heat, dry to wet, &c. Arnald. that comprehensive one of the Psalmist, Ps. xxxii. 9. 25. One thing establisheth the good of another :] for There is the like plural expression, and upon the same contraries mutually recommend each other by then occasion, in the next chapter, ver. 5, 10; which our | very vicissitude. Grotius.
Before CHRIST about 200.
| 13 By his commandment he mak- Before
and in the sea, are exceeding glorious and eth swiftly the lightnings of his judg-
14 Through this the treasures are
1 firmament, the beauty of hea- 15 By his great power he maketh ven, with his glorious shew;
the clouds firm, and the hailstones are 2 The sun when it appeareth, de- broken small.
claring at his rising a marvellous 6 At his sight the mountains are Il.Or, vessel. || instrument, the work of the most shaken, and at his will the south wind High:
bloweth. 3 At noon it parcheth the country, 17 The noise of the thunder makand who can abide the burning heat eth the earth || to tremble : so doth | Or, to groan thereof?
the northern storm and the whirl- in her travail. 4 A man blowing a furnace is in wind: as birds flying he scattereth works of heat, but the sun burneth the snow, and the falling down therethe mountains three times more; of is as the lighting of grashopbreathing out fiery vapours, and pers: sending forth bright beams, it dim- 18 The eye marvelleth at the meth the eyes.
beauty of the whiteness thereof, and 5 Great is the Lord that made it; the heart is astonished at the raining gor, he... and at his commandment || it runneth of it. course. hastily.
| 19 The hoarfrost also as salt he a Gen. 1. 16. 6 a He made the moon also to serve poureth on the earth, and being con
in her season for a declaration of gealed, ll it lieth on the top of sharp | Or, it is as
times, and a sign of the world. stakes.
feasts, a light that decreaseth in her eth, and the water is congealed into
ice, it abideth upon every gathering
sumeth the grass as fire.
10 At the commandment of the 23 By his counsel he appeaseth
! 24 e They that sail on the sea tell e Ps. 107. 23. c Gen. 9. 13. 11 Look upon the rainbow, and of the danger thereof; and when we
praise him that made it; very beau- hear it with our ears, we marvel
12 It compasseth the heaven about 25 For therein be strange and d Isai. 40. 12. with a glorious circle, and the d hands wondrous works, variety of all kinds
of the most High have bended it. of beasts and whales created.
the point of sharp stakes.
1. Or, upon the heal,
Chap. XLIII. ver. 1. The pride of the height, &c.] meaning of these words has been variously conjecDr. Grabe thinks that this chapter ought to begin with tured. “An instrument of God in the armies of ver. 15 of the last. The subject and connection seem heaven;" alluding to the stars, as the heavenly host. to require it. The sense is, Who can be satisfied with Junius. contemplating His glory; namely, the immensity of 17. -- as the lighting of grashoppers :7 Rather of height, the vast expanse of clearness, the general face locusts; as the lightning of a flight of locusts. of the heavens, exhibiting to the sight a most glorious! 19. - it lieth on the top of sharp stakes.] The marview ? Arnald.
ginal reading is preferable, meaning, that it has the form 7.- decreaseth in her perfection. In her consum- of sharp points. Arnald. mation ; decreaseth gradually till her final disappearing. ' 21. It devoureth the mountains,] Destroys all the Calmet.
fruits and produce of the mountains. Junius. 8. — being an instrument of the armies above,] The 23. — and planteth] And hath planted. Calmet.
John l. 18.
Apocrypha. c Beforest 26 By him the end of them hath | 6 Rich men furnished with abi- , before about 200. prosperous success, and by his word lity, living peaceably in their habita- about zu. all things consist.
might be reported.
30 When ye glorify the Lord, though they had never been; and are
whose righteousness hath not been & Ps. 106. 2. 31 : Who hath seen him, that he forgotten.
might tell us ? and who can magnify! i1 With their seed shall continu-
ally remain a good inheritance, and
12 Their seed standeth fast, and
ever, and their glory shall not be
blotted out. CHAP. XLIV.
14 Their bodies are buried in
peace ; but their name liveth for 1 The praise of certain holy men: 16 of evermore.
Enoch, 17 Noah, 19 Abraham, 22 Isaac, i 15 b The people will tell of their b Chaz. . 23 and Jacob.
wisdom, and the congregation will The praise of T ET us now praise famous men, shew forth their praise.
1 and our fathers that begat us. 16 < Enoch pleased the Lord, and Gen. 3.4.
2 The Lord bath wrought great was translated, being an example of
17 d Noah was found perfect and a Gen. 6. !.
18 An everlasting covenant was e Gen. 9. II. 4 Leaders of the people by their made with him, that all flesh should counsels, and by their knowledge of perish no more by the flood. learning meet for the people, wise 19 Abraham was a great father of ? Gen. 12 and eloquent in their instructions: many people: in glory was there none 17.4.
5 Such as found out musical tunes, like unto him ; n Or, dilties. and recited || verses in writing : 20 Who kept the law of the most
1 Or, aller
26. By him the end of them hath prosperous success, as “ have lest a name behind them,” ver. 8. Grottes That is, God by his wisdom and power directs all things “Merciful men,” or men compassionate, humane, and to a good end, or to their proper end. Arnald.
disposed to benevolence and beneficence. Baduell.
1 16. Enoch pleased the Lord,] Having hitherto spokea Chap. XLIV. Having completed his precepts, and in general concerning the ancestors of the Jews, the the exposition of the works of God, the author here author now comes to particulars, specifying those inenters upon a new subject. It was customary for dividuals, of whom the Holy Spirit has recorded an commemorations of famous men to be made in the tem- honourable testimony in the sacred Scriptures. Batple, and, after the example of the temple, in the syna- | well. gogues : of these commemorations we have in this
an example of repentance] Exemplifying in his chapter a specimen, abounding in Hebrew eloquence. I person the reward granted to faith, and thus calling a Grotius.
generations to repentance. Ver. 10. But these were merciful men,] Namely, such 17.- he was taken in exchange] Meaning that the
Gen. 21. 4.
h Gen. 22. 16. 17. 18. Gal. 3. 8.
& 28. 14,
Apocrypha. Before High, and was in covenant with him: and clothed him with a robe of Before about 200. he established the covenant in 8 his glory. M flesh; and when he was proved, he 8 He put upon him perfect glory; was found faithful.
and strengthened him with trich gar- + Gr, vessels,
ple, for a memorial to the children of
work of the embroiderer, with a breast-
his blessing, and gave him an heri- 11 With twisted scarlet, the work
set in gold, the work of the jeweller,
with a writing engraved for a memo
rial, after the number of the tribes of
| 12 He set a crown of gold upon
favour in the sight of all flesh, even costly work, the desires of the eyes, a Exod. 11.3. - Moses, beloved of God and men, goodly and beautiful. whose memorial is blessed.
T 13 Before him there were none 2 He made him like to the glo- such, neither did ever any stranger rious saints, and magnified him, so put them on, but only his children that his enemies stood in fear of him. and his children's children perpe
3 By his words he caused the won tually. • Exod. 7. 8, ders to cease, and he made him glo- 14 Their sacrifices shall be wholly chapters: rious in the sight of kings, and gave consumed every day twice continu
him a commandment for his people, ally.
and shewed him part of his glory. I 15 Moses consecrated him, and c Numb. 12. 4 . He sanctified him in his faith- anointed him with holy oil : this was
fulness and meekness, and chose him appointed unto him by an everlasting
covenant, and to his seed, so long as
and brought him into the dark cloud, should minister unto him, and exed Exod. 19. and d gave him commandments before cute the office of the priesthood, and
his face, even the law of life and bless the people in his name.
incense, and a sweet savour, for a e Exod. 4. 28. 6 He e exalted Aaron, an holy memorial, to make reconciliation for
man like unto him, even his brother,
17 He gave unto him his com- . Deut. 17. 7 An everlasting covenant he made mandments, and authority in the sta
with him, and gave him the priest tutes of judgments, that he should Gr.he hood among the people; the beau teach Jacob the testimonies, and in
tified him with comely ornaments, form Israel in his laws.
whole human race had deserved to perish by the deluge ; Noah was found just, and the whole species was saved in his family. Calmet.
Chap. XLV. ver. 2 - the glorious saints.] The angels. Grotius.
14. Their sacrifices] That is, the sacrifices of the
CHRIST about 200.
CHRIST about 200.
h Numb. 16. 12.
12, 13, 14,
k Deut. 12.
Apocrypha. Before 18 h Strangers conspired together successor of Moses in prophecies, who Before about 200. against him, and maligned him in the according to his name was made great about 200.
16 wilderness, even the men that were for the saving of the elect of God, and
of Dathan's and Abiron's side, and taking vengeance of the enemies that
set Israel in their inheritance.
| for the Lord himself brought his enei Numb. 17. 20 i But he made Aaron more ho- mies unto him.
nourable, and gave him an heritage, 4• Did not the sun go back by his b Josh. 10.
5 He called upon the most high
them that resisted, that the nations 1 Numb. 25. 23 1 The third in glory is Phinees might know all their strength, be1 Mac. 2. 54. the son of Eleazar, because he had cause he fought in the sight of the
zeal in the fear of the Lord, and stood Lord, and he followed the Mighty
24 Therefore was there a cove- son of Jephunne, in that they with-
25 According to the covenant made served to bring them into the heri-
unto his old age: so that he entered
11 And concerning the judges, 1 The praise of Joshua, 9 of Caleb, 13 of every one by name, whose heart went a Numb. 27.
not a whoring, nor departed from the TESUS a the son of Nave was Lord, let their memory be blessed. J valiant in the wars, and was the 12 Let their bones a flourish out 10.
11, 12, 13.
18. Deut. 34.9. Josh. 1. 2. & 12. 7.
children of Aaron, the priests, who offered them daily.' Chap. XLVI. ver. 1. Jesus the son of Nare) Joshua Calmet.
the son of Nun. The substitution of Nave for. 26. God give you wisdom &c.] The wise man concludes seems to be an ancient errour of the Greek copsis: this chapter with a pious wish or prayer, that God may Calmet. give to all who are the seed and successors of Aaron, - according to his name] See the note on Josi wisdom to instruct and guide His people in righteousness, i. 1. and to preserve them in prosperity and peace. Arnald. 1 12. Let their bones flourish out of their place, &r.