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Apocrypha. Before 2 Whoso || regardeth dreams is, defence from heat, and a cover from about 200. like him that catcheth at a shadow, the sun at noon, a preservation from about 26. and followeth after the wind.
stumbling, and an help from falling. || Or, hath his a mind upon. 3 The vision of dreams is the re- 17 He raiseth up the soul, and
semblance of one thing to another, lighteneth the eyes: he giveth health, a Prov. 27. 19. even as the a likeness of a face to a life, and blessing. face.
18 e He that sacrificeth of a thing e Prov. 21. 4. Of an unclean thing what can wrongfully gotten, his offering is be cleansed ? and from that thing ridiculous; and || the gifts of unjust 1 of the which is false what truth can come ? | men are not accepted.
5 Divinations, and soothsayings, | 19 € The most High is not pleased s Prov. 15. . and dreams, are vain: and the heart with the offerings of the wicked; neifancieth, as a woman's heart in tra- ther is he pacified for sin by the mulvail.
titude of sacrifices.
that killeth the son before his father's
| life: he that defraudeth him thereof
bour's living slayeth him ; and he
pulleth down, what profit have they
curseth, whose voice will the Lord
the touching of a dead body, if he
26 So is it with a man that fasteth
prayer? or what doth his humbling
| 1 Sacrifices pleasing to God. 14 The prayer 15 Blessed is the soul of him that of the fatherless, of the widow, and of the feareth the Lord: to whom doth he humble in spirit. 20 Acceptable mercy.
look ? and who is his strength? ITE a that keepeth the law bring- a 1 Sam.. c Ps. 33. 18. 16 For the eyes of the Lord are 11 eth offerings enough: he that Jer. 7. 2,1 d Ps.61.2, upon them that love him, a he is their taketh heed to the commandment of3, 4.
mighty protection and strong stay, a fereth a peace offering.
14, 15. ch, i. 30.
3. The vision of dreams is &c.] Meaning, that dreams Father and Protector of the poor; to take away the are only an ideal representation of things real, as the property is in a manner to take away their life; aod : likeness of a natural face in a mirror. Arnald.
offer to God that which has been forcibly taken fre 8. The law shall be found perfect &c.] The law of God the poor, is to shed the blood of the son before the ers will be fulfilled in all its predictions and denunciations, of the father. Calmet. without any equivocation or deceit, with which the heathen oracles abounded. Arnald.
Chap. XXXV. ver. 1. He that keepeth the lau & -- to a faithful mouth.7 Rather, “in a faithful | The author having shewn in the preceding chapter te mouth;" in the mouth of a faithful person. Calmet. vanity and inutility of offering unto God the sacrifices
12. — because of these things.) By means of the know- of iniquity and oblations unjustly acquired, now points ledge and experience which I had acquired. Arnald. out what are the true offerings which God requires :
20. - doeth as one that killeth the son &c.] God is the namely, justice, innocence, and obedience to His las.
CHRIST about 200
empty not de par sin diye righte
Apocrypha. cBefore 2 He that requiteth a good turn against him that causeth them to Before
about 200. offereth fine flour ; and he that giveth | fall? s
16 He that serveth the Lord shall
pierceth the clouds: and till it come 4 b Thou shalt not appear empty nigh, he will not be comforted; and Deut. 16. 16. before the Lord.
will not depart, till the most High 5 For all these things [are to be shall behold to judge righteously, and done] because of the commandment. execute judgment..
6 The offering of the righteous 18 For the Lord will not be slack, maketh the altar fat, and the sweet neither will the Mighty be patient savour thereof is before the most toward them, till he have smitten in High.
sunder the loins of the unmerciful, 7 The sacrifice of a just man is and repayed vengeance to the heaacceptable, and the memorial thereof then; till he have taken away the shall never be forgotten.
multitude of the || proud, and broken || Or, cruel 8 Give the Lord his honour with a the sceptre of the unrighteous; good eye, and diminish not the first- 19 Till he have rendered to every fruits of thine hands.
man according to his deeds, and to the c 2 Cor. 9. 7. 9In all thy gifts shew a cheerful works of men according to their de
countenance, and || dedicate thy tithes vices; till he have judged the cause
of his people, and made them to re-
the time of drought.
12 || Do not think to corrupt with | 1 A prayer for the church against the enemies nothing of thy gifts; e for such he will not receive :
thereof. 18 A good heart and a froward.
21 Of a good wife. e Lev. 22. 21, and trust not to unrighteous sacrifices; Deut. 15. 21. for the Lord is judge, and with him TT AVE mercy upon us, O Lord f Deut. 10. is no respect of persons.
IL God of all, and behold us : 2 Chron. 19. 13 He will not accept any person 2 And send thy fear upon all the Job 34. 19. against a poor man, but will hear the nations that seek not after thee. prayer of the oppressed.
3 : Lift up thy hand || against the a Jer. 10. 25. Rom. 2. 11. 14 He will not despise the suppli- strange nations, and let them see thy Ephes. 6. 9. cation of the fatherless ; nor the power. 1 Pet. 1.iz. widow, when she poureth out her | 4 As thou wast sanctified in us becomplaint.
fore them : so be thou magnified
1 Or, Diminish
Wisd. 6. 7.
Gal. 2. 6.
Col. 3. 25.
He who is a faithful observer of God's commandments, persed through Egypt, Syria, and different provinces of honours Him in a more perfect manner than he who the East. Those who were in Judea and Jerusalem, offers to Him multitudes of victims. Calmet.
being subject sometimes to the kings of Syria, and 8. — with a good eye,] That is, generously and freely, sometimes to those of Egypt, were alternately the vic. without grudging or covetousness. Arnald.
tims of the ambition of one and the other. The pious 17. - and till it come nigh, he will not be comforted ;] | Israelites, afflicted by these humiliating circumstances, Meaning, that his prayer is so importunate and fervent, earnestly prayed to God that He would restore tranquilas not to return back till it has succeeded in its object. lity to His people, and turn the hearts of their enemies. Arnald.
| Calmet. The first part of this prayer is cited by St.
Austin, as a kind of prophetick prayer for the coming Chap. XXXVI. ver. 1. Have mercy upon us, &c.] The of the Messiah. Pious supplications, such as this, for author, having in the last chapter spoken of offerings to some future blessings indistinctly described, proceeded God, and of the disposition that should accompany from a confidence in the promises of the Prophets; and them, here utters a prayer to God, beseeching Him to the Jews, who in the expectation of their Messiah, had, look with favour on His people afflicted and dispersed. at first, regard only to one advent, looked to the full At the time when this was written, the Jews were dis-, accomplishment of the prophecies in His arrival, and Vol. II.
Before CII RIST
1 Or, that it may magnify
Apocrypha. Before, have known thee, that there is no 18 The belly devoureth all meats, Before about 200. God but only thou, O God.
yet is one meat better than another. about 200.
20 A froward heart causeth heavi-
L 21 A woman will receive every
22 The beauty of a woman cheer-
10 Smite in sunder the heads of and comfort, in her tongue, then is
| 24 He that getteth a wife begin- | Or, tə 11 Gather all the tribes of Jacob neth || a possession, a help like unto together, and inherit thou them, as himself, and a pillar of rest. from the beginning.
25 Where no hedge is, there the 12 O Lord, have mercy upon the possession is spoiled : and he that
people that is called by thy name, hath no wife will wander up and down b Exod. 1. 22. and upon Israel, bwhom thou hast mourning. named thy firstborn.
26 Who will trust a thief well ap13 O be merciful unto Jerusalem, pointed, that skippeth from city to thy holy city, the place of thy rest. city ? so (who will believe] a man that
14 Fill Sion || with thine unspeak- hath no house, and lodgeth whereso-
The discretion and wisdom of a godly man
which is only a friend in name.
of Aaron over thy people, that all an enemy?
deceit? therefore allude in their prayers to the expected conver- 20. — will recompense him.] Will requite him as he sion of the Gentiles, and other matters connected with deserves. Calmet. that event. Dr. Gray.
25. Where no hedge is, &c.] As by the breaking down 8. -- and let them declare) “And let men declare," of the fence the vineyard or garden is spoiled and plun&c. Calmet.
dered; so fares it with the house of that person who is 10. — that say, There is none other but we.] The author without a proper helpmate to direct his domestick conseems to mean here, the kings of Syria and Egypt; cerns; all things are in confusion, and his substance is especially perhaps of the former he alludes to Antiochus in danger of being devoured by strangers. Arnald. Epiphanes, whose history, as recorded in the book of 26. — well appointed,] Active, prepared to escape Maccabees, shews, that he was an enemy to all religion, suddenly. and even set God at defiance. Arnald.
- a man that hath no house,] It was usual for all 18. The belly devoureth &c.] This which follows is Jews to marry at a proper age, and it was deemed creimproperly connected with the foregoing prayer; and ditable that they should be settled in that state. On this here ought to have been a division of the chapters. account, persons who had no family or fixed dwelling
19. As the palate &c.] As the palate distinguishes were particularly looked upon as loose and disorderly, venison from ordinary meat, so does an understand- and therefore spoken of in terms of reproach. Arnald. ing heart separate between the expressions of flattery and real friendship, between truth and falsehood. Ars Chap. XXXVII. ver. 3. O wicked imagination, &c.] nald.
This exclamation seems either forced from the writer,
Apocrypha. Before 4 There is a companion, which re- I wont to tell him more than seven Before about 200. joiceth in the prosperity of a friend, watchmen, that sit above in an high about 200.
but in the time of trouble will be tower.
15 And above all this pray to the
helpeth his friend for the belly, and way in truth.
terprize, and counsel before every
changing of the heart.
the tongue ruleth over them conti-
for he will counsel for himself; lest teacheth many, and yet is unprofit-
able to himself.
21 For grace is not given him
22 Another is wise to himself;
among his people, and his name shall
able for all men, neither hath every
14 For a man's mind is sometime 30 For || excess of meats bringeth of meats.
by what he personally suffered from some false friend, 17. The countenance is a sign, &c.] That is, The counor it arises from the general prevalence of the vice of tenance shews whether the heart be gay or sorrowful, hypocrisy in his time. Arnald.
content or afflicted. Arnald. 5. — which helpeth his friend for the belly, 7 Which 18. — but the tongue ruleth over them] Implying, that helpeth his friend, not from any regard to him, but for the tongue which confers a good or bad reputation, the table which he keeps, and the subsistence he derives commands the greatest good of life. Calmet. from him. Arnald.
25. — the days of Israel are innumerable.) The true 8. — lest he cast the lot upon thee,] The Latin version | Israelite liveth for evermore, and his name shall not be gives a preferable sense, “Lest he throw some impedi- | blotted out. Arnald. ment or stumblingblock in thy way." Calmet, Arnald. 27. – prove thy soul in thy life,] Study and know thy
14. — than seven watchmen, that sit above &c.] See own powers, and undertake nothing before thou hast note at 2 Kings ix, 17.
I ascertained thy ability for it. , Calmet.
1 Or, as a
of the physiche sight not his Weep bittamentation two,
Apocrypha. Before , sickness, and surfeiting will turn into 11 Give a sweet savour, and a me- klere
morial of fine flour; and make a fat about 200. 31 By surfeiting have many pe- offering, || as not being rished; but he that taketh heed pro-' 12 Then give place to the physi- dead man. longeth his life.
cian, for the Lord hath created him:
| let him not go from thee, for thou
13 There is a time when in their
which they give for ease and || re- 1 Os, cering,
as if thou hadst suffered great harm
17 Weep bitterly, and make great
thou be evil spoken of: and then 5 a Was not the water made sweet comfort thyself for thy heaviness. with wood, that the virtue thereof 18 For of heaviness cometh death, might be known?
and the heaviness of the heart break- c Prov. 15.
maineth: and the life of the poor is
20 Take no heaviness to heart:
turning again : thou shalt not do him 9 My son, in thy sickness be not good, but hurt thyself. b) 15 zi. 58. 2. negligent: but "pray unto the Lord, 22 Remember || my judgment: for Or, the
and he will make thee whole. | thine also shall be so; yesterday for din.
10 Leave off from sin, and order me, and to day for thee. thine hands aright, and cleanse thy 23 d When the dead is at rest, let d 2 Sam. 12. heart from all wickedness.
This remembrance rest; and be com
a Exod. 15. 25.
30. — will turn into choler.] Will cause bilious dis 15.- let him fall into the hand He will fall into the orders.
hand, &c. Calmet. The sense is, that God will bring
upon him “that sinneth before his Maker” sickness and Chap. XXXVIII. ver. 1. — the Lord hath created him. disease, so as to make necessary the help of a physician. Hath blessed him with the power of attaining the know- Arnald. ledge which he possesses.
17.- and that a day or two, &c.) Respecting the cus. 5. Was not the water made sweet &c.] It is thought toms of mourning over the dead in the East, see notes by many, that the author here makes allusion to the at Gen. 1. 10; 2 Sam. xii. 20; Jer. ix. 17. sweetening of the waters at Marah, Exod. xv. 25. Calmet.' 19. — the life of the poor is the curse of the heart.
8.- from him is peace] That is, health and comfort. The sense seems to be, The poor, living in continual Arnald.
abasement and affliction, is ever ready to burst out into 11. Give a sweet savour, &c. - as not being.] That is, I impatience and to curse his hard lot. Calmet. In thy sickness offer freely unto God, as one that is 21.- thou shalt not do him good,] Thou shalt not do leaving the world, and has but little hope of life : but good to one that is dead. Calmet. think not thyself (ver. 12.) in so desperate a condition 22. Remember my judgment : &c.] Thus, as some inas to hinder thee from making use of proper medicines terpret, the dead addresses the living, Remember the for thy recovery. Calmet.
sentence of mortality passed upon me; as my present