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Before CHRIST about 200.
Apocrypha. Before forted for him, when his spirit is they shall not be found where para- c Becores or about 200. departed from him.
bles are spoken.
25 How can he get wisdom that CHAP. XXXIX.
12 An exhortation to praise God for his
works; which are good to the yood, and + Gr. of the talk is † of bullocks?
evil to them that are evil.
the law of the most High, and is
parables are, he will be there also.
29 So doth the potter sitting at will pray before the most High, and
shall be filled with the spirit of un30 He fashioneth the clay with his derstanding : he shall pour out wise y Or, arm, and || boweth down his strength sentences, and give thanks unto the with his feet. before his feet; he applieth himself Lord in his prayer.
to lead it over; and he is diligent to 7 He shall direct his counsel and
knowledge, and in his secrets shall he
32 Without these cannot a city be he hath learned, and shall glory in
33 They shall not be sought for in derstanding; and so long as the world publick counsel, nor sit high in the endureth, it shall not be blotted out; congregation: they shall not sit on his memorial shall not depart away, the judges' seat, nor understand the and his name shall live from generasentence of judgment: they cannot tion to generation. declare justice and judgment; and 10 a Nations shall shew forth his a chap. 44.
state is, so will thy condition be soon; to-day was my 30. — to lead it over ;] Or to glaze it: melted lead is turn, to-morrow will be thy visitation; what has hap- used in potteries for the purpose of glazing earthen pened to me is thine and every man's lot. Arnald. , ware.
29. — turning the wheel about with his feet,] The 34. But they will maintain &c.] Meaning, that the manner in which potters worked in different countries conveniences of life, and very much that contributes to is described as different. See Jer, xviii. 3. Homer de- the welfare and comforts of society, depend on the scribes the potter as turning the wheel with his hands. useful exertions of the labouring part of the community, Calmet.
each in his several craft and calling. Arnald.
" all his
10, and clothinglood of the gre
b Gen. 1. 31. Mark 7, 37.
Apocrypha. Beforer wisdom, and the congregation shall 23 As he hath turned the waters Before about 200. declare his praise.
into saltness : so shall the heathen in- about 200.
the holy; so are they stumblingblocks
created from the beginning: so evil
children, and bud forth as a rose 26 The principal things for the || Or, rivers of growing by the || brook of the field: whole use of man's life are water, fire,
14 And give ye a sweet savour as | iron, and salt, flour of wheat, honey,
the godly: so to the sinners they are
him ye shall say after this manner: | lay on sore strokes; in the time of
exceeding good, and whatsoever he and appease the wrath of him that
29 Fire, and hail, and famine, and
18 At his commandment is done mandment, and they shall be ready
19 The works of all flesh are be- transgress his word.
I was resolved, and thought upon
| 33 All the works of the Lord are
34 So that a man cannot say, This
35 And therefore praise ye the Chap. XXXIX. ver. 12. - I am filled as the moon at — and appease the wrath of him that made them.] the full.] The translations differ here: according to Appease the Divine wrath by executing His appointed some, the sense may be, I make gradual progress in judgments to the full. Junius. knowledge, as the moon gradually increases to the full. 29. -- and death,] Meaning the pestilence and other Calmet.
scourges, which cause certain and rapid death. Calmet. 17. – the waters stood as an heap,] Referring to the 31. They shall rejoice in his commandment,] The things miraculous passage of the Red sea and the river Jordan. in the natural world, which are used as the instruments
23. As he hath turned the waters into saltness :7 In the of the Divine judgments, are here, by a strong figure of destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Calmet.
speech, represented as listening to the Divine command, 27. All these things are for good to the godly :) To the and rejoicing in their appointed work. Arnald. See good, these things, necessary to the life of man, prove a Jer. xlvii. 6; and the note there. blessing by the laudable use which they make of them ; 34. — for in time they shall all be well approved.] Thus but to the wicked they prove evil and pernicious, from it is only our ignorance, or partial consideration of the the manner in which they abuse them. Calmet. works of nature, that makes us think we see great faults
28. There be spirits &c.] Evil spirits, who are used in them. But if we examine into them more closely, or as the instruments of Divine vengeance on sinners. if we try to mend them, it very soon appears that the Calmet.
| mistake is in ourselves. Bp. Leng.
CHRIST about 200.
c Gen. 7. 11. d Gen. 3. 19. ch. 41, 10.
a Eccles. 1.3.
Apocrypha. Before Lord with the whole heart and mouth, | 10 These things are created for Before about 200. and bless the name of the Lord. the wicked, and for their sakes came about 200.
the c flood. CHAP. XL.
11 d All things that are of the d Gen. 3. 19.
earth shall turn to the earth again : "h
and that which is of the waters doth e Eccles. 1.7.
endure for ever.
u every man, and an heavy yoke be dried up like a river, and shall
2 Their imagination of things to come to nought.
but are as unclean roots upon a hard
water and & bank of a river shall be Gen. 41. 3. 4 From him that weareth purple pulled up before all grass. || Or, to the and a crown, || unto him that is cloth- 17 Bountifulness is as || a most || 0r, a ed with a linen frock.
fruitful garden, and mercifulness en- blessed.
20 Wine and musick rejoice the
21 The pipe and the psaltery make
9 b Death, and bloodshed, strife, beauty : but more than both corn
23 A friend and companion never
b Chap. 39. 29, 30.
Chap. XL. ver. 2. Their imagination of things &c.] food, which soon passes hy, and is dried up. Calmet. This passage is thought to be corrupted. The construc- | See Job vi. 15; and the notes there. tion is perplexed, and chiefly so for want of a verb to 14. While he openeth his hand &c.] While the just connect the whole, and give it a determinate sense; and liberal man openeth his hand," he shall rejoice," which our translators have attempted to supply by in- but transgressors shall come to nought. Junius, Arnald. serting the verbs “ trouble” and “cause.” Arnald. I 16. The weed growing upon every water &c.] The word
4. — unto him that is clothed with a linen frock.] The translated “weed” properly signifies sedge, growing in word properly means, “with raw linen.” In Egypt, marshes, and especially on the borders of the Nile; this where the author of this book is thought to have written, is of rapid growth, but is soon plucked up for fuel. So, the common people universally wear linen frocks, dyed it is intimated, shall be the fate of the wicked. Calmet. with indigo. The expression here may mean, undyed Compare Job viii. 11, 12; and see the notes there. cloth of the crudest kind, worse than that ordinarily 18. — he that findeth a treasure He that is made rich worn by the common people. Harmer.
by the free bounty of Providence. 5. - do change his knowledge.] Trouble his mind, dis- 22.- corn while it is green.] Which combines what is turb his thoughts. Calmet."
pleasing in outward appearance with what is serviceable 13. — like a river,] Like a sudden torrent or land to the necessities of life. Junius.
CHRIST about 200.
Apocrypha. Before , meet amiss : but above both is a wife 3 Fear not the sentence of death, Before with her husband.
remember them that have been be- about 260.
no inquisition in the grave, whether
conversant in the dwelling of the un1 Or, a garden 27 The fear of the Lord is || a godly.
fruitful garden, and i covereth him 6 The inheritance of sinners' chil-
dren shall perish, and their posterity
ungodly father, because they shall be
9 And if ye be born, ye shall be
10 a All that are of the earth shall a Chap. 40. CHAP. XLI.
turn to earth again : so the ungodly
shall go from a curse to destruction.
11 The mourning of men is about
| 12 Have regard to thy name; for
membrance of thee to a man thousand great treasures of gold.
treasure that is not seen, what profit
whose strength faileth, that is now in ness is better than a man that hideth Or, to whom the last age, and || is vexed with all his wisdom.
things, and to him that despaireth, 16 Therefore be shamefaced ac-
cording to my word: for it is not
every thing is troublesome,
28. – lead not a beggar's life ;] That is, Maintain themselves in this life, and how their account stood at thyself by thine own industry; regard dependence on the period of their death. Arnald. others as one of the greatest of worldly evils.
9. And if ye be born, ye shall be born to a curse : &c. 29. — he polluteth himself] Rendereth himself con- | The reading here is faulty: the correct sense is, If you temptible. Arnald.
have offspring, you shall heget them to their destruc30. — there shall burn a fire.] By this may be under- tion; and when you die, you shall be reckoned among stood great voraciousness and greediness. Grotius. The the cursed. Grotius. extremity of hunger. Bossuet, Calmet.
[ 13. A good life hath but few days :) A life, however
good and virtuous, does not endure long. Grotius. Chap. XLI. ver. 4. — there is no inquisition in the 14. – keep discipline in peace :) In time of peace, that grave, whether thou have lived ten, &c.] The inquiry in | is, in prosperity : for then there is most need of pruthe other world will be, not how long or how short a dence. Grotius. time persons have lived here, but how they conducted! 16. - be shamefaced according to my word : &c.] He
Before CHRIST about 200.
Apocrypha. c Before 7 good to retain all shamefacedness; and after thou hast given, upbraid Before about 200. neither is it altogether approved in not; every thing.
23 Or of iterating and speaking
18 Of an offence before a judge faced, and find favour before all men.
CHAP. XLII. gregation and people ; of unjust
unjust i Whereof we should not be ashamed. 9 Be dealing before thy partner and
careful of thy daughter. 12 Beware of a
woman. 15 The works and greatness of
and his covenant; and of judgment
ners and || travellers; or || of the gift speech. 21 And to turn away thy face from of the heritage of friends;
companions. thy kinsman; or to take away a por- 4 Of exactness of balance and 1.0r, of the tion or a gift; or to gaze upon another weights; or of getting much or little; man's wife.
5 And of merchants' || indifferent | Or, without 22 Or to be overbusy with his selling; of much correction of chilmaid, and come not near her bed; or dren; and to make the side of an evil of upbraiding speeches before friends; servant to bleed.
means to say, I will teach thee in what cases shame is to deprive any one of what belongs to him, or has been commendable, and when it is not.
given to him. Badwell. 17. - of whoredom before father and mother:1 Of There is a shameful meanness still practised in the doing or saying any thing indecent in their presence. East, by persons of a superior station, who frequently Grotius.
seize on the presents made to those that are below them. 18. Of an offence before a judge and ruler ;] That is, It may seem from the expression of the text, that this any open misbehaviour or crime before persons in office, species of rapacity is of ancient date. Harmer. whose authority and dignity demand a respectful obe- / dience, and who will make an immediate example of Chap. XLII. ver. 1. Of these things be not thou such as seem to disrespect or slight them. Arnald. ashamed,] In the former chapter the author pointed out
- iniquity) Meaning a publick injury against the in what things shame was just and laudable, and ought state; as “unjust dealing" means a private one. Bad- to be entertained. In this he shews in what particuwell.
lars it is faulty and injurious, and ought to be discarded. 19. And of theft in regard of the place where thou Badwell. sojournest,] The author seems here particularly to cau- 1 - accept no person to sin thereby :) That is, Be not tion against theft in a place of sojourning; that is, in influenced by the authority or by the enticement of any a place where travellers sojourn. In the caravanseries person to the commission of sin. Junius. of the East, for the accommodation of travellers, there 2. — of judgment to justify the ungodly ;] “The godly," are no doors between the apartments where different according to some readings. Badwell. Or the sense persons lodge: under these circumstances the commis- may be, Be not ashamed to oppose any judgment or sion of theft is particularly easy, but it is deemed pecu- sentence, in which a wicked man is intended to be liarly base to take advantage of such an unguarded favoured or acquitted. • Arnald, Calmet. situation. Harmer.
3. Of reckoning with thy partners and travellers ;7 The - and to lean with thine elbow upon the meat ;), best sense appears to be, that in a judicial hearing beIndicating a want of decorum and of gratitude towards tween an acquaintance and a stranger, we should not your entertainer. Badwell. Perhaps something more be influenced by prejudice in favour of the former, but than want of decorum may be intended : there may be should judge equitably and impartially between them. an allusion to the selfish greediness of a person, who, Badwell, Arnald. while he is eating one thing, covers another with his
or of the gift of the heritage of friends ;] Take care arm, in order to secure it to himself.
not to be partial in dividing an inheritance where your - and of scorning to give and take ;) The word, friends are concerned and have an interest. Or the rendered “scorning," means cheating. The sense is, advice may be, to distribute the inheritance of a deceased that in matters of commerce we should be ashamed to friend according to his intention, without regarding the be dishonest, and should both pay and receive with solicitations of interested persons. Calmet, Arnald. honour and justice. Arnald.
4. or of getting much or little ;] Be not ashamed to 20. — silence before them that salute thee ;] Meaning be honest and deal fairly in small as well as large gains, a want of courtesy in returning salutations.
| in little matters as well as greater. Calmet. 21. - or to take away a portion or a gift ;] That is, l 5. And of merchants' indifferent selling :] That is, of