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Before CIRIST

Before CHRIST about 200.

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cies.

Apocryphu.
CHAP. XXXVIII, XXXIX.

Apocrypha. Before forted for him, when his spirit is they shall not be found where para- c Becores or about 200. departed from him.

bles are spoken.
24 The wisdom of a learned man 34 But they will maintain the
cometh by opportunity of leisure: state of the world, and (all] their
and he that hath little business shall desire is in the work of their craft.
become wise.

25 How can he get wisdom that CHAP. XXXIX.
holdeth the plough, and that glorieth
in the goad, that driveth oxen, and is 1 A description of him that is truly wise.

12 An exhortation to praise God for his
occupied in their labours, and whose

works; which are good to the yood, and + Gr. of the talk is † of bullocks?

evil to them that are evil.
26 He giveth his mind to make
furrows; and is diligent to give the P UT he that giveth his mind to
kine fodder.

the law of the most High, and is
27 So every carpenter and work occupied in the meditation thereof,
master, that laboureth night and day: will seek out the wisdom of all the
and they that cut and grave seals, ancient, and be occupied in prophe-
and are diligent to make great va-
riety, and give themselves to coun- 2 He will keep the sayings of the
terfeit imagery, and watch to finish a renowned men : and where subtil
work:

parables are, he will be there also.
28 The smith also sitting by the 3 He will seek out the secrets of
anvil, and considering the iron work, grave sentences, and be conversant
the vapour of the fire wasteth his in dark parables.
flesh, and he fighteth with the heat 4 He shall serve among great men,
of the furnace: the noise of the ham- and appear before princes: he will
mer and the anvil is ever in his ears, travel through strange countries ; for
and his eyes look still upon the pat- he hath tried the good and the evil
tern of the thing that he maketh; he among men.
setteth his mind to finish his work, 5 He will give his heart to resort
and watcheth to polish it perfectly : early to the Lord that made him, and

29 So doth the potter sitting at will pray before the most High, and
his work, and turning the wheel about will open his mouth in prayer, and
with his feet, who is alway carefully make supplication for his sins.
set at his work, and maketh all his 6 When the great Lord will, he
work by number;

shall be filled with the spirit of un30 He fashioneth the clay with his derstanding : he shall pour out wise y Or, arm, and || boweth down his strength sentences, and give thanks unto the with his feet. before his feet; he applieth himself Lord in his prayer.

to lead it over; and he is diligent to 7 He shall direct his counsel and
make clean the furnace:

knowledge, and in his secrets shall he
31 All these trust to their hands : meditate.
and every one is wise in his work. I 8 He shall shew forth that which

32 Without these cannot a city be he hath learned, and shall glory in
inhabited : and they shall not dwell the law of the covenant of the Lord.
where they will, nor go up and down: 9 Many shall commend his un-

33 They shall not be sought for in derstanding; and so long as the world publick counsel, nor sit high in the endureth, it shall not be blotted out; congregation: they shall not sit on his memorial shall not depart away, the judges' seat, nor understand the and his name shall live from generasentence of judgment: they cannot tion to generation. declare justice and judgment; and 10 a Nations shall shew forth his a chap. 44.

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state is, so will thy condition be soon; to-day was my 30. — to lead it over ;] Or to glaze it: melted lead is turn, to-morrow will be thy visitation; what has hap- used in potteries for the purpose of glazing earthen pened to me is thine and every man's lot. Arnald. , ware.

29. — turning the wheel about with his feet,] The 34. But they will maintain &c.] Meaning, that the manner in which potters worked in different countries conveniences of life, and very much that contributes to is described as different. See Jer, xviii. 3. Homer de- the welfare and comforts of society, depend on the scribes the potter as turning the wheel with his hands. useful exertions of the labouring part of the community, Calmet.

each in his several craft and calling. Arnald.

CHRIST

CHRIST

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" all his

10, and clothinglood of the gre

b Gen. 1. 31. Mark 7, 37.

Apocrypha.
ECCLESIASTICUS.

Apocrypha. Beforer wisdom, and the congregation shall 23 As he hath turned the waters Before about 200. declare his praise.

into saltness : so shall the heathen in- about 200.
11 If he die, he shall leave a herit his wrath.
greater name than a thousand: and if 24 As his ways are plain unto c Hos. 14. 9.
he live, he shall || increase it.

the holy; so are they stumblingblocks
12 Yet have I more to say, which unto the wicked.
I have thought upon; for I am filled 25 For the good are good things
as the moon at the full.

created from the beginning: so evil
13 Hearken unto me, ye holy things for sinners.

children, and bud forth as a rose 26 The principal things for the || Or, rivers of growing by the || brook of the field: whole use of man's life are water, fire,

14 And give ye a sweet savour as | iron, and salt, flour of wheat, honey,
frankincense, and flourish as a lily, milk, and the blood of the grape, and
send forth a smell, and sing a song oil, and clothing.
of praise, bless the Lord in all his 27 All these things are for good to
works.

the godly: so to the sinners they are
15 Magnify his name, and shew turned into evil.
forth his praise with the songs of your 28 There be spirits that are creat-
lips, and with harps, and in praising ed for vengeance, which in their fury

him ye shall say after this manner: | lay on sore strokes; in the time of
1. 16 b All the works of the Lord are destruction they pour out their force,

exceeding good, and whatsoever he and appease the wrath of him that
commandeth shall be accomplished in made them.
due season.

29 Fire, and hail, and famine, and
17 And none may say, What is death, all these were created for
this? wherefore is that? 'for at time vengeance;
convenient they shall all be soughtout: | 30 Teeth of wild beasts, and scor-
at his commandment the waters stood pions, || serpents and the sword, pu- ; Or, fipers.
as an heap, and at the words of his nishing the wicked to destruction.
mouth the receptacles of waters. 31 They shall rejoice in his com-

18 At his commandment is done mandment, and they shall be ready
whatsoever pleaseth him; and none upon earth, when need is ; and when
can hinder, when he will save. their time is come, they shall not

19 The works of all flesh are be- transgress his word.
fore him, and nothing can be hid from 32 Therefore from the beginning
his eyes.

I was resolved, and thought upon
20 He seeth from everlasting to these things, and have left them in
everlasting; and there is nothing writing.
wonderful before him.

| 33 All the works of the Lord are
21 A man need not to say, What good : and he will give every needful
is this? wherefore is that? for he hath thing in due season.
made all things for their uses.

34 So that a man cannot say, This
22 His blessing covered the dry is worse than that: for in time they
land as a river, and watered it as a shall all be well approved.
flood.

35 And therefore praise ye the Chap. XXXIX. ver. 12. - I am filled as the moon at and appease the wrath of him that made them.] the full.] The translations differ here: according to Appease the Divine wrath by executing His appointed some, the sense may be, I make gradual progress in judgments to the full. Junius. knowledge, as the moon gradually increases to the full. 29. -- and death,] Meaning the pestilence and other Calmet.

scourges, which cause certain and rapid death. Calmet. 17. the waters stood as an heap,] Referring to the 31. They shall rejoice in his commandment,] The things miraculous passage of the Red sea and the river Jordan. in the natural world, which are used as the instruments

23. As he hath turned the waters into saltness :7 In the of the Divine judgments, are here, by a strong figure of destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Calmet.

speech, represented as listening to the Divine command, 27. All these things are for good to the godly :) To the and rejoicing in their appointed work. Arnald. See good, these things, necessary to the life of man, prove a Jer. xlvii. 6; and the note there. blessing by the laudable use which they make of them ; 34. — for in time they shall all be well approved.] Thus but to the wicked they prove evil and pernicious, from it is only our ignorance, or partial consideration of the the manner in which they abuse them. Calmet. works of nature, that makes us think we see great faults

28. There be spirits &c.] Evil spirits, who are used in them. But if we examine into them more closely, or as the instruments of Divine vengeance on sinners. if we try to mend them, it very soon appears that the Calmet.

| mistake is in ourselves. Bp. Leng.

CHRIST

CHRIST about 200.

c Gen. 7. 11. d Gen. 3. 19. ch. 41, 10.

a Eccles. 1.3.

Apocrypha.
CHAP. XXXIX, XL.

Apocrypha. Before Lord with the whole heart and mouth, | 10 These things are created for Before about 200. and bless the name of the Lord. the wicked, and for their sakes came about 200.

the c flood. CHAP. XL.

11 d All things that are of the d Gen. 3. 19.

earth shall turn to the earth again : "h
1 Many miseries in a man's life. 12 The
reward of unrighteousness, and the fruit of

and that which is of the waters doth e Eccles. 1.7.
true dealing. 17 A virtuous wife and an | return into the sea.
honest friend rejoice the heart, but the fear 12 All + bribery and injustice shall + Gr. bribes.
of the Lord is above all. 28 A beggar's be blotted out: but true dealing shall
life is hateful.

endure for ever.
N REAT a travail is created for 13 The goods of the unjust shall

u every man, and an heavy yoke be dried up like a river, and shall
is upon the sons of Adam, from the vanish with noise, like a great thunder
day that they go out of their mother's in rain.
womb, till the day that they return 14 While he openeth his hand he
to the mother of all things.. shall rejoice : so shall transgressors

2 Their imagination of things to come to nought.
come, and the day of death, [trouble] | 15 The children of the ungodly
their thoughts, and [cause] fear of shall not bring forth many branches :
heart;

but are as unclean roots upon a hard
3 From him that sitteth on a throne rock.
of glory, unto him that is humbled in 16 f The weed growing upon every f Job 8.11. &
earth and ashes;

water and & bank of a river shall be Gen. 41. 3. 4 From him that weareth purple pulled up before all grass. || Or, to the and a crown, || unto him that is cloth- 17 Bountifulness is as || a most || 0r, a ed with a linen frock.

fruitful garden, and mercifulness en- blessed.
5 Wrath, and envy, trouble, and dureth for ever.
unquietness, fear of death, and anger, 18 To labour, and to h be content h Phil. 4. 11.
and strife, and in the time of rest with that a man hath, is a sweet life:
upon his bed his night sleep, do but he that findeth a treasure is above
change his knowledge.

them both.
6 A little or nothing is his rest, 19 Children and the building of a
and afterward he is in his sleep, as in city continue a man's name: but a
a day of keeping watch, troubled in blameless wife is counted above them
the vision of his heart, as if he were both.
escaped out of a battle.

20 Wine and musick rejoice the
7 When all is safe, he awaketh, heart: but the love of wisdom is above
and marvelleth that the fear was them both.
nothing. .

21 The pipe and the psaltery make
8 [Such things happen] unto all sweet melody: but a pleasant tongue
flesh, both man and beast, and that is is above them both.
sevenfold more upon sinners. I 22 Thine eye desireth favour and

9 b Death, and bloodshed, strife, beauty : but more than both corn
and sword, calamities, famine, tribu- / while it is green.
lation, and the scourge;

23 A friend and companion never

18. 16.

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I fruits

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b Chap. 39. 29, 30.

Chap. XL. ver. 2. Their imagination of things &c.] food, which soon passes hy, and is dried up. Calmet. This passage is thought to be corrupted. The construc- | See Job vi. 15; and the notes there. tion is perplexed, and chiefly so for want of a verb to 14. While he openeth his hand &c.] While the just connect the whole, and give it a determinate sense; and liberal man openeth his hand," he shall rejoice," which our translators have attempted to supply by in- but transgressors shall come to nought. Junius, Arnald. serting the verbs “ trouble” and “cause.Arnald. I 16. The weed growing upon every water &c.] The word

4. — unto him that is clothed with a linen frock.] The translated “weed” properly signifies sedge, growing in word properly means, “with raw linen.” In Egypt, marshes, and especially on the borders of the Nile; this where the author of this book is thought to have written, is of rapid growth, but is soon plucked up for fuel. So, the common people universally wear linen frocks, dyed it is intimated, shall be the fate of the wicked. Calmet. with indigo. The expression here may mean, undyed Compare Job viii. 11, 12; and see the notes there. cloth of the crudest kind, worse than that ordinarily 18. he that findeth a treasure He that is made rich worn by the common people. Harmer.

by the free bounty of Providence. 5. - do change his knowledge.] Trouble his mind, dis- 22.- corn while it is green.] Which combines what is turb his thoughts. Calmet."

pleasing in outward appearance with what is serviceable 13. like a river,] Like a sudden torrent or land to the necessities of life. Junius.

CHRIST

CHRIST about 200.

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Apocrypha.
ECCLESIASTICUS.

Apocrypha. Before , meet amiss : but above both is a wife 3 Fear not the sentence of death, Before with her husband.

remember them that have been be- about 260.
24 Brethren and help are against fore thee, and that come after; for
time of trouble: but alms shall deli- this is the sentence of the Lord over
ver more than them both.

all flesh.
25 Gold and silver make the foot 1 4 And why art thou against the
stand sure : but counsel is esteemed pleasure of the most High? there is
above them both.

no inquisition in the grave, whether
26 Riches and strength lift up the thou have lived ten, or an hundred,
heart: but the fear of the Lord is or a thousand years.
above them both: there is no want in 5 The children of sinners are abo-
the fear of the Lord, and it needeth minable children, and they that are
not to seek help.

conversant in the dwelling of the un1 Or, a garden 27 The fear of the Lord is || a godly.

fruitful garden, and i covereth him 6 The inheritance of sinners' chil-
above all glory.

dren shall perish, and their posterity
28 My son, lead not a beggar's shall have a perpetual reproach.
life ; for better it is to die than to 7 The children will complain of an
beg.

ungodly father, because they shall be
29 The life of him that dependeth reproached for his sake.
on another man's table is not to be 8 Woe be unto you, ungodly men,
counted for a life ; for he polluteth which have forsaken the law of the
himself with other men's meat: but most high God! for if ye increase, it
a wise man well nurtured will beware shall be to your destruction:
thereof.

9 And if ye be born, ye shall be
30 Begging is sweet in the mouth born to a curse: and if ye die, a
of the shameless : but in his belly curse shall be your portion.
there shall burn a fire.

10 a All that are of the earth shall a Chap. 40. CHAP. XLI.

turn to earth again : so the ungodly

shall go from a curse to destruction.
1 The remembrance of death. 3 Death is not

11 The mourning of men is about
to be feared. 5 The ungodly shall be ac-
cursed. 11 Of an evil and a good name. | their bodies : but an ill name of sin-
14 Wisdom is to be uttered. 16 Of what ners shall be blotted out.
things we should be ashamed.

| 12 Have regard to thy name; for
DEATH, how bitter is the re- that shall continue with thee above a

membrance of thee to a man thousand great treasures of gold.
that liveth at rest in his possessions, 13 A good life hath but few days:
unto the man that hath nothing to but a good name endureth for ever.
vex him, and that hath prosperity in 14 My children, keep discipline in
all things: yea, unto him that is yet peace : for wisdom that is hid, and a
able to receive meat!

treasure that is not seen, what profit
2 O death, acceptable is thy sen- | is in them both ?
tence unto the needy, and unto him 15 A man that hideth his foolish-

whose strength faileth, that is now in ness is better than a man that hideth Or, to whom the last age, and || is vexed with all his wisdom.

things, and to him that despaireth, 16 Therefore be shamefaced ac-
and hath lost patience !

cording to my word: for it is not

every thing is troublesome,

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28. lead not a beggar's life ;] That is, Maintain themselves in this life, and how their account stood at thyself by thine own industry; regard dependence on the period of their death. Arnald. others as one of the greatest of worldly evils.

9. And if ye be born, ye shall be born to a curse : &c. 29. — he polluteth himself] Rendereth himself con- | The reading here is faulty: the correct sense is, If you temptible. Arnald.

have offspring, you shall heget them to their destruc30. there shall burn a fire.] By this may be under- tion; and when you die, you shall be reckoned among stood great voraciousness and greediness. Grotius. The the cursed. Grotius. extremity of hunger. Bossuet, Calmet.

[ 13. A good life hath but few days :) A life, however

good and virtuous, does not endure long. Grotius. Chap. XLI. ver. 4. there is no inquisition in the 14. – keep discipline in peace :) In time of peace, that grave, whether thou have lived ten, &c.] The inquiry in | is, in prosperity : for then there is most need of pruthe other world will be, not how long or how short a dence. Grotius. time persons have lived here, but how they conducted! 16. - be shamefaced according to my word : &c.] He

Before CHRIST

Before CHRIST about 200.

Apocrypha.
CHAP. XLI, XLII.

Apocrypha. c Before 7 good to retain all shamefacedness; and after thou hast given, upbraid Before about 200. neither is it altogether approved in not; every thing.

23 Or of iterating and speaking
17 Be ashamed of whoredom be- again that which thou hast heard; and
fore father and mother : and of a lie of revealing of secrets.
before a prince and a mighty man; L 24 So shalt thou be truly shame-

18 Of an offence before a judge faced, and find favour before all men.
and ruler ; of iniquity before a con-

CHAP. XLII. gregation and people ; of unjust

unjust i Whereof we should not be ashamed. 9 Be dealing before thy partner and

careful of thy daughter. 12 Beware of a
friend;

woman. 15 The works and greatness of
19 And of theft in regard of the God.
place where thou sojournest, and in O these things be not thou
regard of the truth of God and his ashamed, and accept no person
covenant; and to lean with thine to sin thereby :
elbow upon the meat; and of scorning 2 Of the law of the most High,
to give and take;

and his covenant; and of judgment
20 And of silence before them that to justify the ungodly;
salute thee; and to look upon an 3 || Of reckoning with thy part- ||0r, Os thy
harlot; -

ners and || travellers; or || of the gift speech. 21 And to turn away thy face from of the heritage of friends;

companions. thy kinsman; or to take away a por- 4 Of exactness of balance and 1.0r, of the tion or a gift; or to gaze upon another weights; or of getting much or little; man's wife.

5 And of merchants' || indifferent | Or, without 22 Or to be overbusy with his selling; of much correction of chilmaid, and come not near her bed; or dren; and to make the side of an evil of upbraiding speeches before friends; servant to bleed.

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means to say, I will teach thee in what cases shame is to deprive any one of what belongs to him, or has been commendable, and when it is not.

given to him. Badwell. 17. - of whoredom before father and mother:1 Of There is a shameful meanness still practised in the doing or saying any thing indecent in their presence. East, by persons of a superior station, who frequently Grotius.

seize on the presents made to those that are below them. 18. Of an offence before a judge and ruler ;] That is, It may seem from the expression of the text, that this any open misbehaviour or crime before persons in office, species of rapacity is of ancient date. Harmer. whose authority and dignity demand a respectful obe- / dience, and who will make an immediate example of Chap. XLII. ver. 1. Of these things be not thou such as seem to disrespect or slight them. Arnald. ashamed,] In the former chapter the author pointed out

- iniquity) Meaning a publick injury against the in what things shame was just and laudable, and ought state; as “unjust dealing" means a private one. Bad- to be entertained. In this he shews in what particuwell.

lars it is faulty and injurious, and ought to be discarded. 19. And of theft in regard of the place where thou Badwell. sojournest,] The author seems here particularly to cau- 1 - accept no person to sin thereby :) That is, Be not tion against theft in a place of sojourning; that is, in influenced by the authority or by the enticement of any a place where travellers sojourn. In the caravanseries person to the commission of sin. Junius. of the East, for the accommodation of travellers, there 2. of judgment to justify the ungodly ;] “The godly," are no doors between the apartments where different according to some readings. Badwell. Or the sense persons lodge: under these circumstances the commis- may be, Be not ashamed to oppose any judgment or sion of theft is particularly easy, but it is deemed pecu- sentence, in which a wicked man is intended to be liarly base to take advantage of such an unguarded favoured or acquitted. • Arnald, Calmet. situation. Harmer.

3. Of reckoning with thy partners and travellers ;7 The - and to lean with thine elbow upon the meat ;), best sense appears to be, that in a judicial hearing beIndicating a want of decorum and of gratitude towards tween an acquaintance and a stranger, we should not your entertainer. Badwell. Perhaps something more be influenced by prejudice in favour of the former, but than want of decorum may be intended : there may be should judge equitably and impartially between them. an allusion to the selfish greediness of a person, who, Badwell, Arnald. while he is eating one thing, covers another with his

or of the gift of the heritage of friends ;] Take care arm, in order to secure it to himself.

not to be partial in dividing an inheritance where your - and of scorning to give and take ;) The word, friends are concerned and have an interest. Or the rendered “scorning," means cheating. The sense is, advice may be, to distribute the inheritance of a deceased that in matters of commerce we should be ashamed to friend according to his intention, without regarding the be dishonest, and should both pay and receive with solicitations of interested persons. Calmet, Arnald. honour and justice. Arnald.

4. or of getting much or little ;] Be not ashamed to 20. — silence before them that salute thee ;] Meaning be honest and deal fairly in small as well as large gains, a want of courtesy in returning salutations.

| in little matters as well as greater. Calmet. 21. - or to take away a portion or a gift ;] That is, l 5. And of merchants' indifferent selling :] That is, of

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