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114. Thou hope in thy word. oers: ful: therefore
according to the custom to
1 Heb. causant to
his love of God's law.
PSALMS. The excellency of God's judgments. 114 Thou art my hiding place and
129 Thy testimonies are wondere Matt. 7. 23. 115 e Depart from me, ye evildoers: ful: therefore doth my soul keep
for I will keep the commandments of them.
130 The entrance of thy words
131 I opened my mouth and pant-
| 132 Look thou upon me, and be
1 133 Order my steps in thy word : wards those,
134 Deliver me from the oppres-
135 Make thy face to shine upon
thy servant; and teach me thy sta-
mine eyes, because they keep not
137 Righteous art thou, O LORD,
commanded are + righteous and very + Heb.
because mine enemies have forgotten John 2. 17.
therefore thy servant loveth it.
142 Thy righteousness is an everProx. 8. 11. 127 Therefore I love thy com- | lasting righteousness, and thy law is
mandments above gold; yea, above the truth.
143 Trouble and anguish have
Ps. 19. 10,
is, as that which will be the means of my enjoying the they contain, the manner in which they are written, and chiefest good. Dr. Wells.
the effects which they produce. Bp. Horne. 118. – for their deceit is falsehood.7 Because it will 130. The entrance of thy words &c.] That is, Thy fail and ruin those who trust in it. Bp. Horne.
word or law is no sooner known, but it enlightens the 122. Be surety for thy servant for good :) Do thou take mind with most useful knowledge. Dr. Wells. my cause upon Thee, and stand out for the protection of -- it giveth understanding unto the simple. Or, to mine innocence. Bp. Hall.
the most unlearned, so far as to teach them how they 126. It is time for thee, - to work :) To shew Thy may be happy. Dr. Wells. hatred of the wicked courses of men, by executing due 131. - and panted :] An action expressive of great judgments upon them. Bp. Hall.
and affectionate desire. - made coid thy law. T The law of God is “made 139. My zeal &c.] « Zeal” is a high degree of love; poid” by those who deny its authority, or its obligation; and when the object of that love is ill-treated, it vents by those who render it of none effect through their tra- itself in a mixture of grief and indignation, which are ditions, or their lives. Bp. Horne.
sufficient to wear and “consume” the heart. This will 129. Thy testimonies are wonderful : &c.] The Scrip- / be the case, where men rightly conceive of that distures are “wonderful,” with respect to the matter which I honour, which is continually done to God, by creatures
The righteousness of God's judgments. PSALMS.
The security of the righteous.
157 Many are my persecutors and
58 I beheld the transgressors, 146 I cried unto thee ; save me, and was grieved ; because they kept | Or, that I lland I shall keep thy testimonies. not thy word.
147 I prevented the dawning of the 159 Consider how I love thy premorning, and cried: I hoped in thy cepts : quicken me, O Lord, accordword.
ing to thy lovingkindness. 148 Mine eyes prevent the night 160 + Thy word is true from the † Heb. The watches, that I might meditate in thy beginning: and every one of thy thy word is word.
righteous judgments endureth for ever. true.
150 They draw nigh that follow eth in awe of thy word.
| that findeth great spoil.
152 Concerning thy testimonies, I 164 Seven times a day do I praise
165 Great peace have they which
166 LORD, I have hoped for thy
167 My soul hath kept thy testi-
thy testimonies : for all my ways are | Or, Many. 156 || Great are thy tender mer- before thee.
+ Heb. they shall hare no stumblingblock.
whom He hath made and redeemed. But never could / midst of danger ; which opens our eyes to look through the verse be uttered with such fulness of truth and pro- the gloomiest scenes of sorrow to the blessed hope of priety by any one, as by the Son of God, who had such future glory; which establishes our hearts in a patient a sense of His Father's glory, and of man's sin, as no expectation of God's deliverance, so that nothing can person else ever had. Bp. Horne.
terrify or dismay us; is that which the world can never 150, 151. They draw nigh that follow &c.] If our give, and which can only proceed from the blessed enemies “ draw nigh" to destroy us, God is still nearer Spirit of God, whose province it is to confirm the faithto preserve us; and however His word may be rejected | ful to the end, and so to arm their faith, that “nothing by the wicked, the faithful always find it to be true, to can offend them.” This is that peace of which the their great and endless comfort. Bp. Horne.
Psalmist here speaks, and which is the peculiar lot and 152. – thou hast founded them for ever.] That is, I inheritance of the righteous, of him who loveth the law Thy will and pleasure is firrn and steadfast, and shall | of God. Bp. Sherlock. never fail those that depend upon it. Bp. Patrick.
- and nothing shall offend them. Or, cause them 159, 160. Consider how I love &c.] It is observable to fall. Dr. Wells. how the Psalmist delights to dwell on these two grate- 168.- before thee.] That is, perfectly known to ful topicks, the “lovingkindness” of God in promising Thee. The consideration of God's omnipresence is the salvation, and His “truth” in the constant perform- | best motive to an holy life. Bp. Wilson. ance of that promise to His Church, while she loves That this Psalm may be read with improvement, it and adheres to His “precepts." Thus it hath been will be convenient to add to the particular reflections “ from the beginning," and thus it will be, until the already made, these three principal reflections: 1. That whole counsel of Heaven shall be fulfilled, by the re the law of God is most excellent, and its effects most surrection and salvation of the just. Bp. Horne. wonderful. David teaches us, that this Divine law is
164. Seven times &c.] That is, many times in the the most perfect ; that it gives a heavenly light which day. Bp. Hall.
enlightens us; that it gives understanding; that it 165. Great peace &c.] To enjoy a peace which sets purifies and rejoices the heart; that it supports us in us above the power of evil ; which places us out of the afflictions; that it gives us unspeakable peace of conreach of fortune ; which inspires us with courage in the science; and that it is infinitely better than all the trea
with coals of juniper
David prayeth against Doeg.
The great safety of the godly. TAU.
12 Deliver my soul, O LORD, from 169 Let my cry come near before lying lips, and from a deceitful tongue. thee, O LORD: give me understand- 3 || What shall be given unto thee? 10r, What ing according to thy word.
or what shall be done unto thee, deceitful 170 Let my supplication come be- thou false tongue ? fore thee: deliver me according to 4 || Sharp arrows of the mighty, thy word.
with coals of juniper.
7 I am for peace: but when I ! Or, a man
| The great safety of the godly, who put their
trust in God's protection.
1 A Song of degrees.
2 a My help cometh from the LORD, help come ? PSALM CXX.
which made heaven and earth.
moved : he that keepeth thee will not
4 Behold, he that keepeth Israel
hills ? whence should my
sures and riches in this world. 2. In this Psalm we arrows and burning coals of juniper, (or, as some think, learn to distinguish good men. They are sincere and the Spanish broom,) the wood of which is supposed to upright in their ways; they do that which is right; burn more intensely than any other. Green, Parkthey walk in the law of the Lord, and meditate on it hurst. day and night; they love God and His word with all 5. Woe is me, &c.] Mesech was the son of Japhet, their heart; they abstain from evil, and from the com- Gen. x. 2, and Kedar the son of Ishmael, Gen. xxv. 13. pany of the wicked; they join themselves to the right- The descendants of both of them were idolaters, reeous; they are struck with terrour at the sight of God's markable for their barbarity and cruelty, and for being judgments; they trust in Him, and are calm and pa- ) enemies to peace. David is not to be understood as tient under afflictions. 3. Lastly, this Psalm is full of saying that he actually dwelt among these people, but many excellent prayers, which should be continually in only that he lived among people who were of the same our mouths and in our hearts, begging God to en- tempers and manners with the descendants of Mesech hghten our minds, to teach us His law, to incline our and Kedar. Edwards. hearts to obey Him, to take us under His care, and This Psalm teaches, 1st, That good men may be exguide us always by His providence and His Holy Spirit. posed to calumny and the malice of men, but that God These are the instructions with which this Psalm protects and delivers them. 2dly, That it is a great furnishes us; for which purpose we should do well affliction to good men to live among the wicked and frequently to read it, and meditate on its contents. ungodly. Lastly, that it is the character of the rightOsterdald.
eous to love peace, as it is of the wicked to be addicted
to confusion and trouble. Ostervald. Psalm CXX. This Psalm is one of the fifteen, which are entitled Psalms of Ascensions; that is, which were Psalm CXXI. This Psalm is of the dramatick or sung when the people came up either to worship in dialogue form. It is both concise and elegant. The Jerusalern at the annual festivals, or perhaps from the king apparently going forth to battle, first approaches Babylonish captivity. Bp. Lowth. The Psalmist here the ark of God, and in the two first verses humbly imbegs of God to defend him from the deceits and ca- | plores the Divine assistance, on which alone he prolumnies of the wicked, and complains that he is forced fesses to rest his confidence. In the third and following to dwell among them. Green.
verses the high priest answers him from the tabernacle. A Song of degrees.] Or rather, of ascensions. Bp. | Bp. Lowth. Horne.
Ver. 1. — unto the hills,] To the mountains of Zion Ver. 4. Sharp arrows &c.] That is, All the reward and Moriah, where Jerusalem was built, where the thou shalt meet with shall be a swift vengeance from tabernacle was placed, and from whence Jehovah the Almighty. This is figuratively represented by sharp | assisted His people when they were in distress. Green.
I WAS gladt degrees of Dersom
David professeth his joy for the church, PSALMS. and prayeth for the peace thereof.
LORD is thy shade upon thy right 5 For there + are set thrones of + Heb. do sit.
judgment, the thrones of the house of
7 The LORD shall preserve thee they shall prosper that love thee.
prosperity within thy palaces.
9 Because of the house of the LORD
ote 3 and pray to be delivered from contempt.
(A Song of degrees. the LORD.
TINTO thee lift I up mine eyes,
| look unto the hand of their masters,
that he have mercy upon us. 5. - thy shade] Thy shelter. Dr. Wells.
3. Jerusalem is &c.] Jerusalem is compact as to its 6. The sun &c.] The meaning is, that the good man, buildings, and the inhabitants of it firmly united by during his journey through life, shall be under God's mutual harmony and friendship. Dr. Chandler. Jeruprotection at all seasons. Bp. Horne.
salem is built as a city that is placed in the centre of 8. The Lord shall preserve &c.] Bishop Lowth re- union; that is, it was the great seat and centre of refers these words to the king's going forth to battle. ligion and justice, was the centre of union to all the But they may be applicable to the preservation of the tribes. Mudge, Dr. Delaney. Jews from their enemies on their going to their feasts 4. - unto the testimony of Israel,] That is, “unto at Jerusalem. Dimock.
the ark of the testimony." Dr. Wells, Edwards, Merrick. How happy is that man "whose help cometh from 6. Pray for the peace of Jerusalem :) A concern for the Lord.” Though the whole creation frowns upon the peace and happiness of our country is not only a him, and all nature looks black upon him, he has His political, but a religious virtue; a care that becomes us light and support within him, that is able to cheer his both as we are men, and as we are Christians; which mind and bear him up in the midst of any horrours stands not upon the narrow bottom of self-interest, but which may encompass him. He knows that his Helper rises from a more generous principle, partaking of the is at hand, and is always nearer to him than any thing love of God and love of our neighbour; since, whilst else can be which is capable of annoying or terrifying we seek the publick peace, we shew our beneficence to him. In the midst of calumny or contempt, he attends the one, and our obedience to the other. Bp. Sherlock. to that Being who whispers better things within his As we are concerned for the happiness of our country soul, and whom he looks upon as his Defender, his in general, so ought we to be for the welfare of the Glory, and the Lifter-up of his head. In his deepest Church in particular. The kingdom of our Master solitude and retirement, he knows that he is in com- must subsist, as well as other kingdoms and societies pany with the Greatest of Beings; and perceives within do, by the cultivation of peace and unity among those himself such real sensations of His presence, as are who are the subjects of it. Joined to one common more delightful than any thing to be met with in the head, Christians should be joined likewise to each society of His creatures. Even in the hour of death, he other, “keeping the unity of the Spirit in the bond of considers the pains of his dissolution to be nothing else peace," Eph. iv. 3. Bp. Horne. but the breaking down of that partition which stands between his own soul, and the sight of that Being who' Psalm CXXIII. This is a short address to God for is always present with him, and who will then manifest | His special assistance under circumstances of distress, Himself to him in fulness of joy. Addison.
from the proud and insolent behaviour of some haughty
oppressors. Travell. Psalm CXXII. The subject of this Psalm is that joy 'Ver. 2.- unto the hand of their masters, &c.] The which the people were wont to express, upon their going / servants or slaves in the East still attend their masters up in companies to keep a feast at Jerusalem, when the or mistresses with the profoundest respect. Maundrell Divine services were regulated, and that city was ap- observes this to be the case in Turkey : and Bp. Pococke pointed to be a place of publick worship. Bp. Horne. says, that in Egypt “every thing is done with the
Ver. 2. — shall stand] More literally, stood, or are greatest decency and the most profound silence : the standing. Abp. Secker.
slaves or servants standing at the bottom of the room
The church blesseth God for deliverance. PSALMS. The safety of such as trust in God.
3 Have mercy upon us, O Lord, I
4 Our soul is exceedingly filled prayer for the godly, and against the
T HEY that trust in the LORD
I shall be as mount Zion, which
ever. 1 A Song of degrees of David.
2 As the mountains are round about
Jerusalem, so the Lord is round about
his people from henceforth even for
3 For the rod of + the wicked shall + Heb was on our side, when men rose up
not rest upon the lot of the righteous;
lest the righteous put forth their hands
4 Do good, O LORD, unto those
that be good, and to them that are upagainst us:
4 Then the waters had overwhelm. I right in their hearts. ed us, the stream had gone over our
15 As for such as turn aside unto
their crooked ways, the LORD shall
lead them forth with the workers of
iniquity : but peace shall be upon Is-
7 Our soul is escaped as a bird out
1 The church, celebrating her incredible re
turn out of captivity, 4 prayeth for, and is broken, and we are escaped.
prophesieth the good success thereof. a Ps. 121.2. 8 a Our help is in the name of the LORD, who made heaven and earth.
TA Song of degrees.
with their hands joined before them, watching with the | Ver. 2. As the mountains &c.] As Jerusalem is enutmost attention every motion of their master, who compassed by high hills, which render it inaccessible by commands them by signs.” Parkhurst.
enemies, so is the good providence of God a neverWe have never more need of the influence of God's failing barrier and protection to His people. Bp. PaSpirit, than when those who oppress us add contempt trick, Travell. and scorn to their injustice, and when the spectators of 3. For the rod &c.] This implies, that the Almighty, our misery take occasion from thence to deride and de- with a view to the maintenance of pure religion, will spise our persons; nor can any thing preserve us, in preserve His people from subjection to the power of the those cases, from some unwarrantable excesses of grief, wicked. but the casting up our eyes unto Him from whom all
the rod] The power. Merrick. afilictions comc. Lord Clarendon.
The clearest and most unquestionable proof that we
put our trust in the Lord, is our steadiness and conPsalm CXXIV. This Psalm is an acknowledgment stancy in His precepts; that no allurements and inviof God's assistance, and a thankful commemoration of tations of pleasure and profit, no apprehensions of the deliverances wrought signally by Him. It was ap- terrour and misery and calamity, can persuade us in pointed to be sung by the Levites after the return from the least degree to swerve from them, in order to comthe captivity, and is very suitable to any other eminent pass the one, or to avoid the other; and the surest evi. deliverance wrought by God for His servants. Dr. dence that He doth accept this our trust in Him, is, Hammond. This is one of the proper Psalms for the when He blesses our constancy, and makes us, as it thanksgiving days of the fifth of November, and the were, as unmoveable as Himself; and as He cannot fail, twenty-ninth of May.
or be shaken in His resolutions towards us, so we canThe great lesson which this Psalm, from the begin- not be shaken in our confidence in Him, or misled by ning to the end, inculcates, is, that for every deliver that confidence. Lord Clarendon. ance, whether of a temporal or a spiritual nature, we should, in imitation of the saints above, ascribe“ sal- ' Psalm CXXVI. There is little doubt that this Psalm vation to our God, and unto the Lamb," Rev. vi. 10. was expressly composed on the return of the Jews from Bp. Horne.
their captivity in Babylon, which the Psalmist prays
may be fully completed by the entire restoration of the Psalm CXXV. This Psalm, like the preceding, is faithful. Travell. This is one of the proper Psalms for appointed for the thanksgiving on the fifth of November. I the thanksgiving on the twenty-ninth of May.