« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
s from the south, out from
the to receive ud i with jealousy have be
39 And strong winds shall arise proceeded, against thee, saith the
+ dead, when thou wast drunken, Lat. death.
chosen, saith the Lord, even so shall
ger, and thou shalt fall through the
1 58 They that be in the mountains 43 And they shall go stedfastly shall die of hunger, and eat their own | Or, destroy. unto Babylon, and || make her afraid. Alesh, and drink their own blood, for
44 They shall come to her, and very hunger of bread, and thirst of
1 60 And in the passage they shall
part of thy glory, and shall return to
taker of the hope of Babylon, and art 61 And thou shalt be cast down by
them as stubble, and they shall be
away captive, and, look, what thou
CHAP. XVI. widowhood, poverty, famine, sword,
| 1 Babylon and other places are threatened and pestilence, to waste thy houses
with plagues that cannot be aroided, 23 with destruction and death.
and with desolation. 40 The servants of 50 And the glory of thy power the Lord must look for troubles : 51 and shall be dried up as a flower, when
not hide their sins, 74 but leave them, and
they shall be delivered.
W OE be unto thee, Babylon,
Or, like unto Babylon.
bulation and anguish, are sent as
20 But for all these things they
nor be alway mindful of the scourges. 5 Plagues are sent unto you, and 21 Behold, victuals shall be so good what is he that may drive them | cheap upon earth, that they shall away?
think themselves to be in good case, 6 May any man drive away an and even then shall || evils grow upon 10t, plaguer, hungry lion in the wood? or may earth, sword, famine, and great conany one quench the fire in stubble, fusion. when it hath begun to burn ? | 22 For many of them that dwell
7 May one turn again the arrow upon earth shall perish of famine;
8 The mighty Lord sendeth the shall the sword destroy.
as dung, and there shall be no man
25 The trees shall give fruit, and
who shall tread them? for all places
J and in the clefts of the rocks.
thered, there are left some clusters of
| 31 Even so in those days there
cause no man shall travel there-
18 The beginning of sorrows and ing no bridegrooms; the women shall
| upon earth.
| 52 For yet a little, and iniquity
hath not sinned: for God shall burn
55 Which spake but the word, Let 39 Even so shall not the plagues the earth be made; band it was made: b Gen. 1. 1. be slack to come upon the earth, and Let the heaven be made ; and it was the world shall mourn, and sorrows created. shall come upon it on every side. 56 In his word were the stars made,
40 O my people, hear my word : and he knoweth the number of them. c Psal. 147. 4.
the sea, and what it containeth.
42 He that occupieth merchandise, the waters.
might pour down from the high rocks
heart in the midst of the body, and
63 Surely he knoweth your inven-
searched out all your works, and he
49 Like as a whore envieth a right forth, ye shall be ashamed before men,
50 So shall righteousness hate ini- cusers in that day.
are at hand, but I will deliver you
69 And they that consent unto cepts, saith the Lord God: let not
70 For there shall be in every selves.
with their iniquities, like as a field is
72 For they shall waste and take 78 It is || left undressed, and is 10T, away their goods, and cast them out cast into the fire to be consumed ***. of their houses.
TO B I T.
THIS Book was probably written by, or at least compiled from the memoirs of, Tobit and Tobias : whom Raphael
the angel had commanded to record the events of their lives, chap. xii. 20. The work appears to have been begun by Tobit, who, in the Greek, Hebrew, and Syriack editions, speaks in the first person to the fourth chapter; and by whom other parts of the book, as the prayer in the thirteenth chapter, are said to have been written: what he left unfinished was probably completed by his son; the two last verses of the book being afterwards added by some compilers who digested the materials into their present form.
It is uncertain whether this work were originally written in the Hebrew or in the Chaldaick language, with both
of which Tobit and his family must have been well acquainted. The Hebrew copies published by Munster and Fagius appear to be translations comparatively modern; and as the book was extant in the Chaldaick language in the time of St. Jerome, it is possible that it was originally written in that language, though no Chaldaick copy be now extant. The most ancient copy that is known to exist is a Greek version, which was probably made by some Hellenistical Jew, and before the time of Theodotion, as it is quoted by Polycarp : from this our English translation, and probably the Syriack version, was made, as also the Latin version, which was in use before the time of St. Jerome. The book, if it even existed in the Hebrew language, was certainly never in the Hebrew canon, and has no pretensions to be considered as the production of an inspired writer. But, though it has no canonical authority, it is a book respectable for its antiquity and contents.
With respect to the history contained in this book, there is no reason to question its truth, at least as to the main
particulars; and the Jews do not appear to have entertained any doubts on the subject. It is written with much simplicity, and with an air of verity. The characters are described with great sincerity and effect; and the minute detail of genealogy, of time, place, and personal circumstances, while they heighten the interest, tend to demonstrate the truth and reality of the relation. Tobit then is to be considered as a real character; he was born probably during the reign of Ahaz; he was of the tribe of Naphtali, and the city of Thisbe in Upper Galilee; he was carried captive to Nineveh, after the extinction of the kingdom of Israel by Enemessar or Shalmaneser, about the year of the world 3283. The history of this captive, and of his family, is here related in a very interesting manner; it is enlivened with much variety of incident, and decorated by the display of many virtues. Some of the incidents, as the ministry of the angel, the influence and defeat of the evil spirit, as well as the blindness and recovery of Tobit, have appeared so improbable to many writers, that they have chosen to consider the whole book merely as an instructive fiction designed to illustrate the relative and social charities of life, and to exhibit a pattern of virtue exercised in trials, and recompensed in this world: but there are no physical objections to the causes assigned either for the deprivation or restoration of sight to Tobit; since if they are not naturally capable of producing such effects, they might still be miraculously rendered instruments in the hands of Providence.
With respect to the agency of the angels, there is nothing inconsistent with reason, received opinions, or Scrip
ture, in supposing a limited superintendence of superiour beings. We know indeed, that under the peculiar circumstances of the Jewish economy, the ministry of angels was manifestly employed in subserviency to God's
wise unquestionable, that before the power and malevolence of evil spirits were checked and restricted by the control of our Saviour, their open influence was experienced ; and though in the accounts of this book, invicible beings be represented as endued with corporeal affections, and described under traditionary names of Chaldean extraction; and though the whole history of their proceedings, as here furnished, be in some measure accommodated to vulgar conceptions ; yet it would be a violation of all rules of just criticism, to consider the agency of these beings as a mere allegorical machinery. Indeed the events recorded are so dependent on their supposed interference, and the miraculous circumstances are so incorporated with the history, that the truth of the whole account rests on the same foundation, and the particular parts cannot be separately removed. Dr.
niel, the son of Aduel, the son of
Gabael, of the seed of Asael, of the
tribe of Nephthali;
fleeth, 22 and after returneth to Nineve. king of the Assyrians was led captive 1 Or, acts. M H E book of the || words of Tobit, out of a Thisbe, which is at the right a 2 Kings 17.
1 son of Tobiel, the son of Ana- hand of that city, which is called "
Chap. I. ver. 1. The book of the words of Tobit,] 2. - of Enemessar king of the Assyrians] Enemessar, Meaning the history of Tobit, the book of events re- otherwise Shalmaneser. This invasion by the Assylating to Tobit.
rians must have been subsequent to that mentioned at Vol. II.