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and for the constancy thereof.

PSALMS.

The mighty power of God.
14 For he knoweth our frame; he
remembereth that we are dust.

PSALM CIV.
15 As for man, his days are as 1 A meditation upon the mighty power, 7 and
grass : as a flower of the field, so he wonderful providence of God. 31 God's
flourisheth.

glory is eternal. 33 The prophet voweth
16 For the wind passeth over it,

perpetually to praise God.
+ Heb. it is and it is gone; and the place thereof D LESS the LORD, O my soul.
shall know it no more.

D O LORD my God, thou art very
17 But the mercy of the Lord great; thou art clothed with honour
is from everlasting to everlasting and majesty.
upon them that fear him, and his 2 Who coverest thyself with light
righteousness unto children's chil- as with a garment: who stretchest
dren;

out the heavens like a curtain :
Deut. 7. 1. 18 To such as keep his covenant, 3 Who layeth the beams of his

and to those that remember his com- chambers in the waters: who maketh
mandments to do them.

the clouds his chariot: who walketh
19 The Lord hath prepared his upon the wings of the wind :
throne in the heavens; and his king- 4 a Who maketh his angels spirits; a Hebr. 1. 7.
dom ruleth over all.

his ministers a flaming fire: 20 Bless the Lord, ye his angels, 5+ Who laid the foundations of the + Heb. He + Heb. f that excel in strength, that do his earth, that it should not be removed the carina alrength. commandments, hearkening unto the for ever. voice of his word.

6 Thou coveredst it with the deep
21 Bless ye the Lord, all ye his as with a garment: the waters stood
hosts; ye ministers of his, that do his above the mountains.
pleasure.

7 At thy rebuke they fled; at the
22 Bless the LORD, all his works voice of thy thunder they hasted away. ! Or, The
in all places of his dominion: bless 8 || They go up by the mountains; ascend, the
the LORD, O my soul.

they go down by the valleys unto the descend.

hath founded

upon her bases.

mountains

the most lively sense of gratitude. He here teaches us parts, and in ordering and directing the affairs of men. by his example to bless God, not only with our mouth, Bp. Lowth. The similitude between the natural and but with our whole heart, and with all the powers of spiritual creation may, perhaps, point out the reason our soul; to cherish the remembrance of all His mercies, why the Church hath appointed this Psalm to be used and to take delight in rehearsing them, and praising on Whit-Sunday. Bp. Horne. In most of the old verHim continually. The Prophet here celebrates parti- sions this Psalm is attributed to David. cularly the infinite mercy of God, who, knowing that Ver. 2. - like a curtain :1 Or, as a canopy. Mudge We are but dust, bears with us, and does not render to As the curtain of a pavilion, or tent. Us what our sins deserve; and entertains the same com- 3. Who layeth &c.] That is, the clouds make the passion and kindness as a father does for his children.' flooring of His heavens. Mudge. But he teaches us at the same time, that the Divine who maketh the clouds his chariot :) See the note goodness is displayed only in behalf of those that fear on Deut. xxxiii. 26. ilm and reverence Him; and that His mercy extends 4. Who maketh his angels &c.] From the manner in only to them that “keep His covenant, and remember which these words are introduced, and the place where His commandments to do them.” Ostervald.

they stand, one should conceive the meaning of them to

be, that God employs the elements of air and fire, the Psalm CIV. This Psalm demonstrates the glory of winds and the lightnings, as His messengers and mithe infinite Creator, from the wisdom, beauty, and nisters, to execute His commands upon the earth. But variety of His works. The poet adorns this noble sub- the Apostle, Heb. i. 7, informs us, that they have a feet with the clearest and most splendid colouring of further reference to immaterial angels; either because Language; and with imagery the most magnificent, those angels often appeared in the likeness, or be

er, diversified, and pleasing ; at the same time select, cause they were endued with the properties, of wind and happily adapted to the subject. There is nothing and flame. Intellectual beings of the highest order Oi the kind extant, indeed, nothing can be conceived in the realms above, are as ready to fulfil the word of more perfect than this hymn, whether it be considered Jehovah, as are the elements of this lower world. Bp. with respect to its intrinsick beauties, or as a model of Horne. dat species of composition. Miraculous exertions of 5.- that it should not &c.] These words do by no

Divine power have something in them which at first means imply, that the earth is stationary, or that it is Shares the inattentive mind with a strong sentiment of eternal; but only that it is so constructed as to answer sublimity and awe: but the true subject of praise, the the end, and to last the time for which it was created. most worthy of God, and the best adapted to impress | Bp. Horne.

the heart of man a fervent and permanent sense of 7. At thy rebuke) At Thy omnipotent word. Bp. prety, is drawn from the contemplation of His power in | Patrick. the creation of this de creation of this boundless universe, His wisdom in 8. They go up &c.] Rather, They go up mountains, Tanging and adorning it, His providence in sustaining they go down valleys, to the places Thou hast appointed

ud His mercy in the regulation of its minutest for them. Edwards. Vol. II.

beasts thereof do trample on the forest.

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A meditation upon the mighty power PSALMS. and wonderful providence of God.

place which thou hast founded for is night: wherein + all the beasts of 1 Heb. all the
them.

the forest do creep forth.
9 Thou hast set a bound that they 21 The young lions roar after their "h
may not pass over; that they turn prey, and seek their meat from

not again to cover the earth. | God.
+ HebWho 10 + He sendeth the springs into 22 The sun ariseth, they gather
+ Heb.walk. the valleys, which † run among the themselves together, and lay them
hills.

down in their dens.
11 They give drink to every beast 23 Man goeth forth unto his work
+ Heb. break. of the field : the wild asses † quench and to his labour until the even-
their thirst.

ing.
12 By them shall the fowls of the 24 O Lord, how manifold are thy

heaven have their habitation, which works! in wisdom hast thou made + Heb. give a + sing among the branches.

them all: the earth is full of thy
13 He watereth the hills from his riches.
chambers: the earth is satisfied with 25 So is this great and wide sea,
the fruit of thy works.

wherein are things creeping innumer-
14 He causeth the grass to grow able, both small and great beasts.
for the cattle, and herb for the service | 26 There go the ships : there is
of man: that he may bring forth food that leviathan, whom thou hast #made Heb;
out of the earth;

to play therein.

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make his face

or, more than oil.

+ Hebe to the heart of man, and † oil to make that thou mayest give them their meat
shine with oil, his face to shine, and bread which in due season.
strengtheneth man's heart.

28 That thou givest them they
16 The trees of the Lord are full gather : thou openest thine hand,
of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which they are filled with good.
he hath planted;

29 Thou hidest thy face, they are
17 Where the birds make their troubled : thou takest away their
nests : as for the stork, the fir trees breath, they die, and return to their
are her house.

18 The high hills are a refuge for 30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit, the wild goats; and the rocks for the they are created: and thou renewest conies.

the face of the earth.
19 He appointed the moon for 31 The glory of the Lord + shall 1 Heb. shall
seasons: the sun knoweth his going endure for ever: the Lord shall re-
down.

joice in his works.
20 Thou makest darkness, and it | 32 He looketh on the earth, and

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15. and oil to make] See the note on Psalm xxiii. 30. Thou sendest forth thy spirit, &c.] That Spirit 5.

of Thine, which moved, at the first, upon the face of 17.- as for the stork, &c.] The storks breed plenti- the waters, is still sent forth by Thee, for the renewing fully in Barbary every summer. They make their nests of those several creatures, whose daily mortality rewith dry twigs of trees, which they place upon the quires the supply of a continual succession and propahighest parts of old ruins or houses, in the canals of gation. Bp. Hall. ancient aqueducts, and frequently (so familiar they are, 32. He looketh on the earth, &c.] At His presence by being never molested) upon the very tops of their the very earth trembles, and the mountains, as our mosques and dwelling-houses. The fir and other trees | fathers saw at mount Sinai, are full of fire and smoke. likewise (when these are wanting) “are a dwelling for | Bp. Patrick. the stork." Dr. Shaw.

Since the works of the creation are all of them so 18. The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats ;] many demonstrations of the infinite wisdom and power See the note on Job xxxix. 1.

of God, they may serve to us as so many arguments - for the conies.] See notes on Lev. xi. 5; Prov. exciting to the constant fear of God, and to a steady xxx. 26.

| hearty obedience to all His laws. And thus we may 19. He appointed the moon for seasons :) The greatest make these works as serviceable to our spiritual inpart of the Jewish feasts, as the new moon, the pass terest, as they all are to our life and temporal interest. over, the pentecost, &c. were governed by the moon. For if, whenever we see them, we would consider that Dimock.

these are the works of our Divine Lord and Master, to

nifies the crocodile, and in Psalm lxxiv. 14, is used alle words, and works, and that in these we may see His gorically for the Egyptians, and in Isai. xxvii. I, for infinite power and wisdom; this would check us in other mighty oppressors of God's church, appears to sinning, and excite us to serve and please Him who be used in this place for a whale, or large fish of the is above all control, and who hath our life and whole cetaceous kind. Parkhurst.

happiness in His power. Dr. Derham.

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al Chron,

The story of God's providence

PSALMS.

over Abraham, Joseph, 8c. it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, l 10 And confirmed the same unto and they smoke.

Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an
33 I will sing unto the Lord as everlasting covenant:
long as I live: I will sing praise to 11 · Saying, Unto thee will I give e Gen. 13. 15.
my God while I have my being the land of Canaan, † the lot of your ^ Heb. the

34 My meditation of him shall be inheritance:
sweet: I will be glad in the LORD. 12 When there were but a few men

35 Let the sinners be consumed in number; yea, very few, and stran-
out of the earth, and let the wicked gers in it.
be no more. Bless thou the LORD, 13 When they went from one na-
O my soul. Praise ye the LORD. tion to another, 'from one kingdom to
PSALM CV.

another people;

14 He suffered no man to do them
1 An exhortation to praise God, and to seek wrong: yea, he reproved kings for
out his works. 7 The story of God's provi- ' their sakes :
dence over Abraham, 16 over Joseph, 23
over Jacob in Egypt, 26 over Moses deliver-

1 15 Saying, Touch not mine an-
ing the Israelites, 37 over the Israelites ointed, and do my prophets no harm.
brought out of Egypt, fed in the wilderness, 16 Moreover he called for a famine
and planted in Canaan.

upon the land: he brake the whole 1a GIVE thanks unto the LORD; staff of bread.

call upon his name: make known 17 He sent a man before them, his deeds among the people.

d even Joseph, who was sold for a ser- d Gen. 37.
2 Sing unto him, sing psalms unto vant:
him: talk ye of all his wondrous 18 e Whose feet they hurt with fet- e Gen. 39.
works.

ters: the was laid in iron :
3 Glory ye in his holy name: let 19 Until the time that his word in
the heart of them rejoice that seek came: the word of the LORD tried
the Lord.

him.
4 Seek the LORD, and his strength: 20 | The king sent and loosed him; f Gen. 41. 14.
seek his face evermore.

even the ruler of the people, and let 5 Remember his marvellous works him go free. that he hath done; his wonders, and 21% He made him lord of his house, 8 Gen. 41.40. the judgments of his mouth;

and ruler of all his f substance: + Heb. 6 O ye seed of Abraham his ser- 22 To bind his princes at his pleavant, ye children of Jacob his chosen. sure; and teach his senators wisdom.

7 He is the Lord our God : his 23 h Israel also came into Egypt ; h Gen. 46. 6. judgments are in all the earth. and Jacob sojourned in the land of

8 He hath remembered his cove- | Ham. O GT. 17.9. nant for ever, the word which he com- 24 And he increased his people

16.manded to a thousand generations. Igreatly; and made them stronger than 11.5 25. 11. 96 Which covenant he made with their enemies. Heb. E. 17Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac; | 25 i He turned their heart to hate i Exod. 1. 8.

Isai, 12. 4.

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possession.

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Pealm CV. The former part of this Psalm was com- 15.- Touch not mine anointed,] Do not dare to lay posed by David, upon his having brought the ark to hands upon those whom I have peculiarly consecrated Zon, 1 Chron. xvi. And it is highly probable that he to Myself and My service. Bp. Hall. See the notes on afterwards enlarged it, that it might be a more complete Lev. ii. 1, and on Gen. xx. 18. con memoration of all the mercies of God to the Jewish - anointed, prophets) The Patriarchs were connation, from the days of Abraham to their taking pos- sidered as priests and Prophets, by celebrating the name session of the land of Canaan. Edwards.

of Jehovah among the nations, and foretelling a ReVer. 4. — seek his face evermore.] Approach His deemer of Israel; see Gen. xx. 7; xxii. 8; xlix. 10 presence evermore; that is, the ark of His presence. Dimock.

16. the whole staff of bread.] All the support of 5.- the judgments of his mouth ;] He means, the life. Bp. Wilson. punishments on their enemies, which He, by the word 19. that his word came :) That the word of the of His mouth, by the exercise of His immediate power, Lord came. See Gen. xli. 25. had wrought. Dr. Hammond.

22. To bind his princes at his pleasure ;? That is, he 6.-- ye children of Jacob his chosen.) Ye children entrusted him with absolute power, to command the of Jacob, whom He chose (rejecting Esau) to inherit rulers of his several provinces at his pleasure. Bp. Pathe promised blessing; see Gen. xxv. 23. Bp. Patrick. | trick.

10.- ecerlasting covenant :) That is, a covenant ! 23. — the land of Ham.] Egypt. lever to

be altered, if they steadily kept it. Bp. Pa- 25. He turned their heart &c.] The kindness and trick.

I love of God to His people "turned the hearts” of the

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+ Heb. singing.

17, 24.

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God's providence over the Israelites. PSALMS. The psalmist exhorteth to praise God.

his people, to deal subtilly with his departed: for the fear of them fell
servants.

upon them.
26 < He sent Moses his servant; *39 - He spread a cloud for a cover- x Exod. 13.

and Aaron whom he had chosen. ing; and fire to give light in the night. 1 Exod. 7.9. 27 'They shewed this signs among 404 The people asked, and he brought y Exod. 16. Os his signs. them, and wonders in the land of quails, and satisfied them with the Ham.

bread of heaven. m Exod. 10. 28 m He sent darkness, and made 41 ? He opened the rock, and the 2 Exod. 17. 6.

it dark; and they rebelled not against waters gushed out; they ran in the 11.
his word.

dry places like a river.
n Exod. 7. 29 He turned their waters into 42 For he remembered his holy
blood, and slew their fish.

promise, and Abraham his servant.
o Exod. 8. 6. 30 ° Their land brought forth frogs 43 And he brought forth his peo-

in abundance, in the chambers of their ple with joy, and his chosen with
kings.

† gladness : p Exod. 8. 31 He spake, and there came 44 a And gave them the lands of a Josh. 13. 7.

divers sorts of fies, and lice in all the heathen: and they inherited the 11.** their coasts.

labour of the people ; q Exod. 9. 23. 32 9+ He gave them hail for rain, 45 That they might observe his gave their and flaming fire in their land. statutes, and keep his laws. Praise ye

33 He smote their vines also and the Lord. their fig trees; and brake the trees

PS ALM CVI. of their coasts. Exod. 10. 4. 34 ? He spake, and the locusts

1 The psalmist exhorteth to praise God. 4 He

prayeth for pardon of sin, as God did with came, and caterpillers, and that with the fathers. 7 The story of the people's reout number,

bellion, and God's mercy. 47 He conclud35 And did eat up all the herbs in eth with prayer and praise. their land, and devoured the fruit of † PRAISE ye the LORD, O a give 1 Heb. their ground.

I thanks unto the Lord; for he a Ps. 167. 1.
36 He smote also all the firstborn is good: for his mercy endureth for
in their land, the chief of all their ever.
strength.

2 Who can utter the mighty acts
37 + He brought them forth also of the Lord? who can shew forth
with silver and gold : and there was all his praise ?
not one feeble person among their 3 Blessed are they that keep judg-
tribes.

ment, and he that doeth righteousu Exod. 12.

38 u Egypt was glad when they ness at all times.

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Egyptians against them, and caused hatred to take the able to send them, singly or in conjunction, upon a place of friendship. Bp. Horne.

sinful land! Who can reflect upon their number and 28.— and they rebelled not &c.] Some interpreters variety, without adoring that goodness, patience, and suppose the word “they” refers to Moses and Aaron. longsuffering, which tried so many different methods, Dimock, Rosenmüller.

| and waited so long, to lead the offenders to repentance! 44. they inherited the labour of the people;] They Bp. Horne. This hymn was designed to perpetuate took possession of the cities, towns, fields, and vine- among the Israelites the remembrance of God's meryards, which the labour of others (that is, the Canaan- cies, and to excite their gratitude. Though these events ites) had built and planted. Bp. Patrick.

do not directly regard Christians, yet they ought to 45. — Praise ye the Lord.] This is a literal transla-preserve the remembrance of them, as affording matter tion from the Hebrew word Alleluia, or Hallelujah, (see for the most edifying and instructive meditations. But the margin.) This word occurs at the beginning or at it is our duty, above all, to take occasion, from what is the end of many Psalms. Alleluia was sung on solemn contained in this Psalm, to raise our thoughts to the days of rejoicing : “and all her streets (that is, the consideration of those signal mercies and spiritual blesstreets of Jerusalem) shall say Alleluia,” says Tobit, sings which God has communicated to us, by making speaking of the rebuilding of Jerusalemn, Tob. xiii. 18. with us a new covenant in Jesus Christ; by delivering St. John in the Revelation says, “I heard a great voice us from the captivity of sin, of the devil, and of death, of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia ; Salvation, and by receiving us into His church. Ostervald. and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God," chap. xix. 1: see also ver. 3, 4, 6. This expres- Psalm CVI. This Psalm, written in captivity, may sion of joy and praise was transferred at an early period have been intended to confirm the faith of the young, from the synagogue to the church: and it is still oc- and to encourage their hopes of restoration to their casionally used in devotional psalmody. Calmet. native land. It not only details the judgments inflicted

Who can behold the army of Divine judgments set on the disobedience of the Jewish people, but also the forth in dreadful array before him, (ver. 28–36,) with frequent instances of Divine mercy which uniformly out trembling very exceedingly at that Power which is followed their repentance.

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The story of the people's rebellion, PSALMS.

and God's mercy. 4 Remember me, O Lord, with! 17 The earth opened and swal- Numb. 16. the favour that thou bearest unto thy lowed up Dathan, and covered the Deut. 11.6. people: O visit me with thy salva- company of Abiram. tion;

| 18 * Ănd a fire was kindled in their k Numb. 16. 5 That I may see the good of thy company; the flame burned up the chosen, that I may rejoice in the wicked. gladness of thy nation, that I may 19 They made a calf in Horeb, 1Exod. 32. 4. glory with thine inheritance. and worshipped the molten image.

6'We have sinned with our fathers, 20 Thus they changed their glory
we have committed iniquity, we have into the similitude of an ox that eateth
done wickedly.

grass.
7 Our fathers understood not thy 21 They forgat God their sa-
wonders in Egypt; they remembered viour, which had done great things

not the multitude of thy mercies; in Egypt;
14. b but provoked him at the sea, even at 22 Wondrous works in the land of
the Red sea.

Ham, and terrible things by the Red
8 Nevertheless he saved them for sea.
his name's sake, that he might make 23 m Therefore he said that he m Exod. 32.
his mighty power to be known. would destroy them, had not Moses

9 He rebuked the Red sea also, his chosen stood before him in the
and it was dried up: so he led them breach, to turn away his wrath, lest
through the depths, as through the he should destroy them.
wilderness.

24 Yea, they despised † the plea- 4 Heb, a,

land of desire.
10 And he saved them from the sant land, they believed not his word: '
hand of him that hated them, and re- 25 n But murmured in their tents, 9 Numb. 14.
deemed them from the hand of the and hearkened not unto the voice of
enemy.

the Lord.
11 © And the waters covered their 26 Therefore he lifted up his hand
enemies: there was not one of them against them, to overthrow them in

the wilderness :
12 Then believed they his words;| 27 + To overthrow their seed also + Heb, to
they sang his praise.

among the nations, and to scatter fall. Ezed. 15. 13 etti

13 et They soon forgat his works; them in the lands. + Het. They they waited not for his counsel :

28 ° They joined themselves also : Numb. 25. 14 ' But + lusted exceedingly in unto Baal-peor, and ate the sacrifices Aunib, II. the wilderness, and tempted God in of the dead. 1 Cor. 10.6. the desert.

29 Thus they provoked him to died 15 & And he gave them their re- anger with their inventions: and the 1. quest; but sent leanness into their plague brake in upon them. soul.

30 p Then stood up Phinehas, and p Numb. 26. Xerob. 16. 16 h They envied Moses also in executed judgment: and so the plague

the camp, and Aaron the saint of the was stayed.
Lord.

31 And that was counted unto him

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Ver. 6. We have sinned with our fathers, 7 That is, spised the land of Canaan, so that they would not enter after their example of unbelief and disobedience. Bp. therein and endeavour to take it, when God ordered Herre.

them so to do; see Numb. xiii, xiv. Dr. Wells. 13. they waited not for his counsel :] They were 26. Therefore he lifted up &c.] That is, He swore too impatient to wait for the full execution of His pur- unto them that He would make them fall in the wilderposes towards them. Travell.

ness. “Lifting the hand” was the usual form of 14. — and tempted God] To give them still further swearing ; see Gen. xiv. 22. Mudge. See the note on proofs of His power. Bp. Wilson.

| Deut. xxxii. 40. 15.- but sent leanness into their soul.] This expres- 28. They joined themselves &c.] See the note on Elon refers generally to the diseases inflicted upon Numb. xxv. 3. the Israelites by Heaven ; see Numb. xi. 33. Rosen - the sacrifices of the dead.] Perhaps the meaning miller.

is, sacrifices which were offered to idols, which he calls 17. The earth opened &c.] Perhaps Dathan and “dead,” in opposition to the true and living God, and Abiram are mentioned only as being guilty of the by way of contempt, and to note the sottishness of idolgreater crime in invading the priestly office, which be- | aters, who worshipped lifeless things, as sto longed to the tribe of Levi. Dimock.

stones, or dead men. Poole, Rosenmüller. 20. — they changed their glory! They forsook the 30. Then stood up &c.] The notes upon many of the true worship of God, who was their glory: Dr. Wells. passages referred to in the margin will explain several

24. Yea, they despised the pleasant land, 1 They de- 1 of the following verses.

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