« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
and for the constancy thereof.
The mighty power of God.
glory is eternal. 33 The prophet voweth
perpetually to praise God.
D O LORD my God, thou art very
out the heavens like a curtain :
and to those that remember his com- chambers in the waters: who maketh
the clouds his chariot: who walketh
his ministers a flaming fire: 20 Bless the Lord, ye his angels, 5+ Who laid the foundations of the + Heb. He + Heb. f that excel in strength, that do his earth, that it should not be removed the carina alrength. commandments, hearkening unto the for ever. voice of his word.
6 Thou coveredst it with the deep
7 At thy rebuke they fled; at the
they go down by the valleys unto the descend.
upon her bases.
the most lively sense of gratitude. He here teaches us parts, and in ordering and directing the affairs of men. by his example to bless God, not only with our mouth, Bp. Lowth. The similitude between the natural and but with our whole heart, and with all the powers of spiritual creation may, perhaps, point out the reason our soul; to cherish the remembrance of all His mercies, why the Church hath appointed this Psalm to be used and to take delight in rehearsing them, and praising on Whit-Sunday. Bp. Horne. In most of the old verHim continually. The Prophet here celebrates parti- sions this Psalm is attributed to David. cularly the infinite mercy of God, who, knowing that Ver. 2. - like a curtain :1 Or, as a canopy. Mudge We are but dust, bears with us, and does not render to As the curtain of a pavilion, or tent. Us what our sins deserve; and entertains the same com- 3. Who layeth &c.] That is, the clouds make the passion and kindness as a father does for his children.' flooring of His heavens. Mudge. But he teaches us at the same time, that the Divine who maketh the clouds his chariot :) See the note goodness is displayed only in behalf of those that fear on Deut. xxxiii. 26. ilm and reverence Him; and that His mercy extends 4. Who maketh his angels &c.] From the manner in only to them that “keep His covenant, and remember which these words are introduced, and the place where His commandments to do them.” Ostervald.
they stand, one should conceive the meaning of them to
be, that God employs the elements of air and fire, the Psalm CIV. This Psalm demonstrates the glory of winds and the lightnings, as His messengers and mithe infinite Creator, from the wisdom, beauty, and nisters, to execute His commands upon the earth. But variety of His works. The poet adorns this noble sub- the Apostle, Heb. i. 7, informs us, that they have a feet with the clearest and most splendid colouring of further reference to immaterial angels; either because Language; and with imagery the most magnificent, those angels often appeared in the likeness, or be
er, diversified, and pleasing ; at the same time select, cause they were endued with the properties, of wind and happily adapted to the subject. There is nothing and flame. Intellectual beings of the highest order Oi the kind extant, indeed, nothing can be conceived in the realms above, are as ready to fulfil the word of more perfect than this hymn, whether it be considered Jehovah, as are the elements of this lower world. Bp. with respect to its intrinsick beauties, or as a model of Horne. dat species of composition. Miraculous exertions of 5.- that it should not &c.] These words do by no
Divine power have something in them which at first means imply, that the earth is stationary, or that it is Shares the inattentive mind with a strong sentiment of eternal; but only that it is so constructed as to answer sublimity and awe: but the true subject of praise, the the end, and to last the time for which it was created. most worthy of God, and the best adapted to impress | Bp. Horne.
the heart of man a fervent and permanent sense of 7. At thy rebuke) At Thy omnipotent word. Bp. prety, is drawn from the contemplation of His power in | Patrick. the creation of this de creation of this boundless universe, His wisdom in 8. They go up &c.] Rather, They go up mountains, Tanging and adorning it, His providence in sustaining they go down valleys, to the places Thou hast appointed
ud His mercy in the regulation of its minutest for them. Edwards. Vol. II.
beasts thereof do trample on the forest.
A meditation upon the mighty power PSALMS. and wonderful providence of God.
place which thou hast founded for is night: wherein + all the beasts of 1 Heb. all the
the forest do creep forth.
not again to cover the earth. | God.
down in their dens.
heaven have their habitation, which works! in wisdom hast thou made + Heb. give a + sing among the branches.
them all: the earth is full of thy
wherein are things creeping innumer-
to play therein.
make his face
or, more than oil.
+ Hebe to the heart of man, and † oil to make that thou mayest give them their meat
28 That thou givest them they
29 Thou hidest thy face, they are
18 The high hills are a refuge for 30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit, the wild goats; and the rocks for the they are created: and thou renewest conies.
the face of the earth.
joice in his works.
15. — and oil to make] See the note on Psalm xxiii. 30. Thou sendest forth thy spirit, &c.] That Spirit 5.
of Thine, which moved, at the first, upon the face of 17.- as for the stork, &c.] The storks breed plenti- the waters, is still sent forth by Thee, for the renewing fully in Barbary every summer. They make their nests of those several creatures, whose daily mortality rewith dry twigs of trees, which they place upon the quires the supply of a continual succession and propahighest parts of old ruins or houses, in the canals of gation. Bp. Hall. ancient aqueducts, and frequently (so familiar they are, 32. He looketh on the earth, &c.] At His presence by being never molested) upon the very tops of their the very earth trembles, and the mountains, as our mosques and dwelling-houses. The fir and other trees | fathers saw at mount Sinai, are full of fire and smoke. likewise (when these are wanting) “are a dwelling for | Bp. Patrick. the stork." Dr. Shaw.
Since the works of the creation are all of them so 18. The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats ;] many demonstrations of the infinite wisdom and power See the note on Job xxxix. 1.
of God, they may serve to us as so many arguments - for the conies.] See notes on Lev. xi. 5; Prov. exciting to the constant fear of God, and to a steady xxx. 26.
| hearty obedience to all His laws. And thus we may 19. He appointed the moon for seasons :) The greatest make these works as serviceable to our spiritual inpart of the Jewish feasts, as the new moon, the pass terest, as they all are to our life and temporal interest. over, the pentecost, &c. were governed by the moon. For if, whenever we see them, we would consider that Dimock.
these are the works of our Divine Lord and Master, to
nifies the crocodile, and in Psalm lxxiv. 14, is used alle words, and works, and that in these we may see His gorically for the Egyptians, and in Isai. xxvii. I, for infinite power and wisdom; this would check us in other mighty oppressors of God's church, appears to sinning, and excite us to serve and please Him who be used in this place for a whale, or large fish of the is above all control, and who hath our life and whole cetaceous kind. Parkhurst.
happiness in His power. Dr. Derham.
The story of God's providence
over Abraham, Joseph, 8c. it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, l 10 And confirmed the same unto and they smoke.
Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an
34 My meditation of him shall be inheritance:
35 Let the sinners be consumed in number; yea, very few, and stran-
14 He suffered no man to do them
1 15 Saying, Touch not mine an-
upon the land: he brake the whole 1a GIVE thanks unto the LORD; staff of bread.
call upon his name: make known 17 He sent a man before them, his deeds among the people.
d even Joseph, who was sold for a ser- d Gen. 37.
ters: the was laid in iron :
even the ruler of the people, and let 5 Remember his marvellous works him go free. that he hath done; his wonders, and 21% He made him lord of his house, 8 Gen. 41.40. the judgments of his mouth;
and ruler of all his f substance: + Heb. 6 O ye seed of Abraham his ser- 22 To bind his princes at his pleavant, ye children of Jacob his chosen. sure; and teach his senators wisdom.
7 He is the Lord our God : his 23 h Israel also came into Egypt ; h Gen. 46. 6. judgments are in all the earth. and Jacob sojourned in the land of
8 He hath remembered his cove- | Ham. O GT. 17.9. nant for ever, the word which he com- 24 And he increased his people
16.manded to a thousand generations. Igreatly; and made them stronger than 11.5 25. 11. 96 Which covenant he made with their enemies. Heb. E. 17Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac; | 25 i He turned their heart to hate i Exod. 1. 8.
Isai, 12. 4.
Pealm CV. The former part of this Psalm was com- 15.- Touch not mine anointed,] Do not dare to lay posed by David, upon his having brought the ark to hands upon those whom I have peculiarly consecrated Zon, 1 Chron. xvi. And it is highly probable that he to Myself and My service. Bp. Hall. See the notes on afterwards enlarged it, that it might be a more complete Lev. ii. 1, and on Gen. xx. 18. con memoration of all the mercies of God to the Jewish - anointed, — prophets) The Patriarchs were connation, from the days of Abraham to their taking pos- sidered as priests and Prophets, by celebrating the name session of the land of Canaan. Edwards.
of Jehovah among the nations, and foretelling a ReVer. 4. — seek his face evermore.] Approach His deemer of Israel; see Gen. xx. 7; xxii. 8; xlix. 10 presence evermore; that is, the ark of His presence. Dimock.
16. – the whole staff of bread.] All the support of 5.- the judgments of his mouth ;] He means, the life. Bp. Wilson. punishments on their enemies, which He, by the word 19. — that his word came :) That the word of the of His mouth, by the exercise of His immediate power, Lord came. See Gen. xli. 25. had wrought. Dr. Hammond.
22. To bind his princes at his pleasure ;? That is, he 6.-- ye children of Jacob his chosen.) Ye children entrusted him with absolute power, to command the of Jacob, whom He chose (rejecting Esau) to inherit rulers of his several provinces at his pleasure. Bp. Pathe promised blessing; see Gen. xxv. 23. Bp. Patrick. | trick.
10.- ecerlasting covenant :) That is, a covenant ! 23. — the land of Ham.] Egypt. lever to
be altered, if they steadily kept it. Bp. Pa- 25. He turned their heart &c.] The kindness and trick.
I love of God to His people "turned the hearts” of the
1 Cor. 10.4.
aters into dry pls gushe domed the roc
+ Heb. singing.
God's providence over the Israelites. PSALMS. The psalmist exhorteth to praise God.
his people, to deal subtilly with his departed: for the fear of them fell
and Aaron whom he had chosen. ing; and fire to give light in the night. 1 Exod. 7.9. 27 'They shewed this signs among 404 The people asked, and he brought y Exod. 16. Os his signs. them, and wonders in the land of quails, and satisfied them with the Ham.
bread of heaven. m Exod. 10. 28 m He sent darkness, and made 41 ? He opened the rock, and the 2 Exod. 17. 6.
it dark; and they rebelled not against waters gushed out; they ran in the 11.
dry places like a river.
promise, and Abraham his servant.
in abundance, in the chambers of their ple with joy, and his chosen with
† gladness : p Exod. 8. 31 He spake, and there came 44 a And gave them the lands of a Josh. 13. 7.
divers sorts of fies, and lice in all the heathen: and they inherited the 11.** their coasts.
labour of the people ; q Exod. 9. 23. 32 9+ He gave them hail for rain, 45 That they might observe his gave their and flaming fire in their land. statutes, and keep his laws. Praise ye
33 He smote their vines also and the Lord. their fig trees; and brake the trees
PS ALM CVI. of their coasts. Exod. 10. 4. 34 ? He spake, and the locusts
1 The psalmist exhorteth to praise God. 4 He
prayeth for pardon of sin, as God did with came, and caterpillers, and that with the fathers. 7 The story of the people's reout number,
bellion, and God's mercy. 47 He conclud35 And did eat up all the herbs in eth with prayer and praise. their land, and devoured the fruit of † PRAISE ye the LORD, O a give 1 Heb. their ground.
I thanks unto the Lord; for he a Ps. 167. 1.
2 Who can utter the mighty acts
ment, and he that doeth righteousu Exod. 12.
38 u Egypt was glad when they ness at all times.
& 118. 1. & 136. 1.
Egyptians against them, and caused hatred to take the able to send them, singly or in conjunction, upon a place of friendship. Bp. Horne.
sinful land! Who can reflect upon their number and 28.— and they rebelled not &c.] Some interpreters variety, without adoring that goodness, patience, and suppose the word “they” refers to Moses and Aaron. longsuffering, which tried so many different methods, Dimock, Rosenmüller.
| and waited so long, to lead the offenders to repentance! 44. — they inherited the labour of the people;] They Bp. Horne. This hymn was designed to perpetuate took possession of the cities, towns, fields, and vine- among the Israelites the remembrance of God's meryards, which the labour of others (that is, the Canaan- cies, and to excite their gratitude. Though these events ites) had built and planted. Bp. Patrick.
do not directly regard Christians, yet they ought to 45. — Praise ye the Lord.] This is a literal transla-preserve the remembrance of them, as affording matter tion from the Hebrew word Alleluia, or Hallelujah, (see for the most edifying and instructive meditations. But the margin.) This word occurs at the beginning or at it is our duty, above all, to take occasion, from what is the end of many Psalms. Alleluia was sung on solemn contained in this Psalm, to raise our thoughts to the days of rejoicing : “and all her streets (that is, the consideration of those signal mercies and spiritual blesstreets of Jerusalem) shall say Alleluia,” says Tobit, sings which God has communicated to us, by making speaking of the rebuilding of Jerusalemn, Tob. xiii. 18. with us a new covenant in Jesus Christ; by delivering St. John in the Revelation says, “I heard a great voice us from the captivity of sin, of the devil, and of death, of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia ; Salvation, and by receiving us into His church. Ostervald. and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God," chap. xix. 1: see also ver. 3, 4, 6. This expres- Psalm CVI. This Psalm, written in captivity, may sion of joy and praise was transferred at an early period have been intended to confirm the faith of the young, from the synagogue to the church: and it is still oc- and to encourage their hopes of restoration to their casionally used in devotional psalmody. Calmet. native land. It not only details the judgments inflicted
Who can behold the army of Divine judgments set on the disobedience of the Jewish people, but also the forth in dreadful array before him, (ver. 28–36,) with frequent instances of Divine mercy which uniformly out trembling very exceedingly at that Power which is followed their repentance.
za palestroy theme forening in the
The story of the people's rebellion, PSALMS.
and God's mercy. 4 Remember me, O Lord, with! 17 The earth opened and swal- Numb. 16. the favour that thou bearest unto thy lowed up Dathan, and covered the Deut. 11.6. people: O visit me with thy salva- company of Abiram. tion;
| 18 * Ănd a fire was kindled in their k Numb. 16. 5 That I may see the good of thy company; the flame burned up the chosen, that I may rejoice in the wicked. gladness of thy nation, that I may 19 They made a calf in Horeb, 1Exod. 32. 4. glory with thine inheritance. and worshipped the molten image.
6'We have sinned with our fathers, 20 Thus they changed their glory
not the multitude of thy mercies; in Egypt;
Ham, and terrible things by the Red
9 He rebuked the Red sea also, his chosen stood before him in the
24 Yea, they despised † the plea- 4 Heb, a,
land of desire.
the wilderness :
among the nations, and to scatter fall. Ezed. 15. 13 etti
13 et They soon forgat his works; them in the lands. + Het. They they waited not for his counsel :
28 ° They joined themselves also : Numb. 25. 14 ' But + lusted exceedingly in unto Baal-peor, and ate the sacrifices Aunib, II. the wilderness, and tempted God in of the dead. 1 Cor. 10.6. the desert.
29 Thus they provoked him to died 15 & And he gave them their re- anger with their inventions: and the 1. quest; but sent leanness into their plague brake in upon them. soul.
30 p Then stood up Phinehas, and p Numb. 26. Xerob. 16. 16 h They envied Moses also in executed judgment: and so the plague
the camp, and Aaron the saint of the was stayed.
31 And that was counted unto him
Rede hante, lary forcal.
Ver. 6. We have sinned with our fathers, 7 That is, spised the land of Canaan, so that they would not enter after their example of unbelief and disobedience. Bp. therein and endeavour to take it, when God ordered Herre.
them so to do; see Numb. xiii, xiv. Dr. Wells. 13. — they waited not for his counsel :] They were 26. Therefore he lifted up &c.] That is, He swore too impatient to wait for the full execution of His pur- unto them that He would make them fall in the wilderposes towards them. Travell.
ness. “Lifting the hand” was the usual form of 14. — and tempted God] To give them still further swearing ; see Gen. xiv. 22. Mudge. See the note on proofs of His power. Bp. Wilson.
| Deut. xxxii. 40. 15.- but sent leanness into their soul.] This expres- 28. They joined themselves &c.] See the note on Elon refers generally to the diseases inflicted upon Numb. xxv. 3. the Israelites by Heaven ; see Numb. xi. 33. Rosen - the sacrifices of the dead.] Perhaps the meaning miller.
is, sacrifices which were offered to idols, which he calls 17. The earth opened &c.] Perhaps Dathan and “dead,” in opposition to the true and living God, and Abiram are mentioned only as being guilty of the by way of contempt, and to note the sottishness of idolgreater crime in invading the priestly office, which be- | aters, who worshipped lifeless things, as sto longed to the tribe of Levi. Dimock.
stones, or dead men. Poole, Rosenmüller. 20. — they changed their glory! They forsook the 30. Then stood up &c.] The notes upon many of the true worship of God, who was their glory: Dr. Wells. passages referred to in the margin will explain several
24. Yea, they despised the pleasant land, 1 They de- 1 of the following verses.