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tchick skall be
d Jer. 23. 1. Ezek. 34. 2.
The type of a foolish shepherd. ZECHARIAH. Jerusalem a burden to her adversaries,
Before Take unto thee yet the instruments and layeth the foundation of the earth, Before about 587. of a foolish shepherd.
and formeth the spirit of man within about 587. 16 For, lo, I will raise up a shep- him.
herd in the land, which shall not visit 2 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a 11 Or, hidden. those that be li cut off, neither shall cup of || trembling unto all the peo- ! Or, slender.
seek the young one, nor heal that that ple round about, || when they shall of, and ains | Or, bear. is broken, nor || feed that that stand- be in the siege both against Judah Sinned eth still: but he shall eat the flesh and against Jerusalem.
in siege of the fat, and tear their claws in 3 | And in that day will I make against pieces.
Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all 17 a Woe to the idol shepherd that people: all that burden themselves John 10. 12. leaveth the flock! the sword shall be with it shall be cut in pieces, though
upon his arm, and upon his right eye: all the people of the earth be gather-
will smite every horse with astonish
ment, and his rider with madness : CHAP. XII.
and I will open mine eyes upon the
house of Judah, and will smite every
say in their heart, | The inhabitants i Or, There THE burden of the word of the of Jerusalem shall be my strength in me and to the
1 Lord for Israel, saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts their God.
is strength ta
breaking my other staff I foreshewed the destruction of the assurance of some final victories to be obtained orer Jerusalem, the bond and cement of all their tribes, the enemies of Jerusalem, ver. 1--9, compared with being the seat and centre both of their civil power, and Ezek. xxxvii. xxxix; and Rev. xx. 9: they describe of the Divine worship: see Ps. cxxxii. 3–5. The con- | the restoration of the Jews, their conversion and bitter sequence was, the entire dissolution of the nation, and compunction for having pierced the Messiah, ver. 10; the dispersion and confusion of all their tribes, whose their admission by baptism to the privileges of the Gosfamilies could no longer be distinguished after the loss pel covenant, chap. xiii. 1; and their deliverance from of their genealogies. W. Lowth,
the delusions of false prophets. The Prophet tben 15. – Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish reverts to foreshew the dispersion of Christ's disciples, shepherd.] The Prophet, having hitherto represented chap. xiii. 7, compared with Matt. xxvi. 31, and Mark the good shepherd, is now directed to assume the dress xiv. 27; and the preservation of a small remainder of and equipage of one of a contrary character. In Scrip- His converts, whose faith should be tried in affliction. ture language “ foolish” and wicked are synonymous; In the last chapter he represents the destruction of Je. for wickedness is folly in the extreme. The instru- rusalem by the Romans under Vespasian, chap. xiv. I, ments of such a shepherd must be suitable to his cha- | 2; the subsequent discomfiture of its enemies, ver, 3; racter: such as a crook made to push and hurt the and the final and triumphant establishment of Christ's flock, not to protect or defend them. Dr. Blayney, W., righteous kingdom, who should be king over the whole Lowth.
earth. Dr. Gray. 16.-a shepherd) A shepherd in the singular number Ver. 2. — a cup of trembling] The nations, that be denotes a succession of such governours, as are de- siege Jerusalem, shall be in the same condition as those scribed in the following words. W. Lowth.
that are overcome by intoxicating liquors, and thereby - tear their claws in pieces.] The foolish shep bereaved of their strength and understanding. Com. herd, instead of being tender and gentle with his flock, pare Isai. li. 17, 22. W. Lowth. is supposed to drag them about with his iron crook, 3. — a burdensome stone] Jerusalem is here compared or to overdrive them in rough and stony ground, so as to a stone of great weight, which, being too heavy for to break their hoofs. Dr. Blayney.
those who attempt to lift it up or remove it, falls back 17. Woe to the idol shepherds Who takes no care of upon them, and crushes them to pieces. St. Jerome, the flock. Such a shepherd is no better than an “idol by way of explication, describes an exercise common, that is profitable for nothing," Isai. xliv. 10. W. Lowth. he says, “throughout Palestine and all Judea in his
- the sword shall be upon his arm, &c.] The pur-days, where the young men, who were ambitious to give port of the passage is, that since, through the misappli proof of their strength, used to lift up stones of enorcation of his power and his understanding, signified by mous weight, some as high as their knees, others to his “arm" and his “ right eye,” the flock are subjected their navel, their shoulders, and their heads; and some to desolation or the sword; therefore, as of strict justice, placed them on the top of their head, with their hands he shall be punished with a deprivation at least of those erect and joined together.” Mr. Lowth, by whom this faculties, which he so fatally misused. Dr. Blayney, passage of St. Jerome is cited, remarks, that to the W. Lowth,
same sense Christ saith, “on whomsoever this stone
shall fall, it will grind him to powder," Matt. xxi. 44. Chap. XII. This and the two following chapters Dr. Blayney. contain prophecies, which relate entirely to the circum- 4. - I will open mine eyes upon the house of Judak, stances of the Christian dispensation. They begin with I will look down graciously upon My people. Bp. Hall.
leer own plLord alsohat the glory of her mournilegiddonid shall mily of families
The victorious restoring of Judah. CHAP. XII.
The repentance of Jerusalem. Before governors of Judah like an hearth, of David, and upon the inhabitants Befor about 587. of fire among the wood, and like a of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and about 587. torch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall of supplications: and they shall a look
a John 19. 34, devour all the people round about, on upon me whom they have pierced, 37. the right hand and on the left: and and they shall mourn for him, as one lev. Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in mourneth for his only son, and shall her own place, even in Jerusalem. be in bitterness for him, as one that
7 The LORD also shall save the is in bitterness for his firstborn. tents of Judah first, that the glory of 11 In that day shall there be a the house of David and the glory of great mourning in Jerusalem, Cas b Acts 2. 37. the inhabitants of Jerusalem do not the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the 24. magnify themselves against Judah. valley of Megiddon.
8 In that day shall the Lord de- ! 12 And the land shall mourn,
fend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and + every family apart; the family of Heb. ! 07, abject. he that is 1| + feeble among them at the house of David apart, and their families: + Heb. fallen.
that day shall be as David; and the wives apart; the family of the house
9 And it shall come to pass in that 13 The family of the house of Levi
10 And I will pour upon the house apart;
c 2 Chron. 35.
6. — like an hearth of fire among the wood,] As coals people, distinct from all others for so many ages, Provion the hearth, while their enemies are as a fagot laid dence hath left room for the season here foretold, when, upon it. Bp. Hall.
| by“ looking on Him whom they have pierced, and 7. The Lord also shall save the tents of Judah first, mourning," they shall rise again, and be as “life from Or, “as” He ever did “from the beginning :” that is, the dead,” Rom. xi. 15. Abp. Secker. by Himself and His own power and wisdom, that the
they shall mourn for him,] The Jews sinned in honour may be His own, and man may have no part in killing the Messiah, for which reason God removed them it. Dr. Stokes.
out of their land. He will not re-settle them in it, till - against Judah. Or for the protection of the they shall have repented of their sin. They have been people of Judah, as if it were to be ascribed to them. in their present dispersion above 1700 years. Their sins Dr. Stokes
have not been greater in this dispersion, than before, 10. And I will pour upon the house of David, &c.] and under, the Babylonian. They are less by the sin And I will pour out upon My Church, beginning at of idolatry. Yet then, on a repentance superficial Jerusalem and Zion, a great and apparent measure of enough, after seventy years God restored them to their My Spirit; and, besides those common gifts, I will land. Now though they fast and mourn, and shew all endue them with the sanctifying graces of My Spirit, the external tokens of universal repentance, God will and with the spirit of prayer and supplication: and not be propitiated. Doth not God's inexorable severity they shall by a lively faith look up to Me their Saviour shew clearly some sin is still unrepented of? What and Redeemer, whom they have pierced upon the cross : can it be, so big with evils, so extensive in its conseand they shall mourn for that violence, which was offered quences? They cannot say; but Zechariah saith it for to the Lord of life, dying for them, even as one mourn them. It is the piercing to death of Him whom God eth for his only son, &c. Bp. Hall.
| favoured : and this sin, and this punishment, will not The Jews themselves have applied this text to the be removed without an antecedent, general, and deep Messiah. David before described His sufferings under repentance. Bp. Chandler. the figure of “piercing His hands and His feet,” Ps. 11. - the mourning of Hadadrimmon] Most probably xxii. 16; and Isaiah foretold He should be “wounded the general mourning for the death of the good king for our transgressions," chap. liii. 5. W. Lowth. Josiah, who was slain in the valley of Megiddo, 2 Kings
- they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, lxxiii. 29; 2 Chron. xxxv. 22-24. Hadadrimmon is St. John plainly quotes these words, chap. xix. 37, and said by St. Jerome to have been a place near Jezreel. applies them to our blessed Saviour, of whom alone they | The mourning for Josiah became a proverb for a pubcan be understood, for none could speak them but One, lick and solemn lamentation. Such a national humilia. who was both God and Man. That He was God, is tion, it is here said, shall the Jews observe for having plain from the former part of the verse, “I will pour crucified the Messiah. Dr. Blayney, W. Lowth. upon the house of David, -the spirit of grace and of 12. And the land shall mourn, every family apart : supplications :" for the spirit of grace is not at the dis- &c.] The whole land shall mourn in the most solemn posal of any creature, and it is only in the power of manner; the inhabitants secluding themselves from all God to bestow it. That He was Man, appears from the social and domestick intercourse, as in a time of general following words, “Me whom they have pierced :" for humiliation. See 1 Cor. vii. 5. W. Lowth, Dr. Blayney. if He had not been Man, He would not have been ca. 13. — the family of Shimei apart ;] Or “of Simeon," pable of being pierced by them. These words there according to the reading in the Greek translation of the fore were spoken by Christ, the only Person in the Seventy. As David, Nathan, Simeon, and Levi, are all world that ever was or pretended to be both God and reckoned among the progenitors of Christ, Luke iïi. 29 Man. Bp. Beveridge.
—31, their families may be mentioned by name, as more By the wonderful preservation of this one and only particularly concerned in the guilt to be lamented.
The fountain of purgation
ZECHARIAH. from idolatry and false prophecy. Before 14 All the families that remain, I his father and his mother that begat Before , about 587. every family apart, and their wives him shall say unto him, Thou shalt about 587. apart.
not live ; for thou speakest lies in the CHAP. XIII.
name of the Lord: and his father
from idolatry, and false prophecy. 7 The thrust him through when he prophe-
14 And it shall come to pass in that
and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem prophesied; neither shall they wear + Heb. for sin and for p uncleanness. It a rough garment + to deceive: Heb.. uncleanness. 2 | And it shall come to pass in 5 But he shall say, I am no pro- hair.
that day, saith the Lord of hosts, that phet, I am an husbandman; for man a Ezek. 30. I will a cut off the names of the idols taught me to keep cattle from my
out of the land, and they shall no more youth.
| hands? Then he shall answer, Those
“For neither did His brethren believe in Him,” John That gross idolatry, with which the world was infected, vii. 5. Dr. Blayney. Or these different families may shall now cease, and the very names and mention of be intended to denote the different orders of men among those Pagan idols shall be forgotten, &c. Bp. Hal. the Jews : “the house of David,” or the royal line; The Prophets in general, in their descriptions of the “the house of Nathan" the Prophet, and other descen- final reformation to be produced in the Church, foretell dants of the other Prophets; “the house of Levi," both the utter destruction of idolatry. See Isai. ii. 18; III. high priests, priests, and other Levites; “the house of 22; xxxi. 7; Hos. ii. 17: Mic. v. 13. Dr. Gray. Shimei,” or the scribes and Pharisees, and their descen- ! - the prophets and the unclean spirit] Perhaps thote dants, agreeably to an opinion that this family was noted that prophesy by means of an unclean spirit. See Acts for breeding up persons eminent in the knowledge of xvi. 16; Rev. xvi. 13. And what is said in the next the law. The Prophet, having mentioned the tribes and verse of “any one that shall prophesy," must be underfamilies of chief note in his time, comprises the rest stood of those who undertake to prophesy by means of under the general expression in the fourteenth verse. an unclean spirit, or other false pretences. Dr. Blaynte. Dr. Wells, W. Lowth.
4. — of his vision,] That is, of the extraordinary comThe Jews perform to this day the office, to which munication which he pretended to have received when they were at first appointed, of bearing witness to true he uttered a prophecy which he knew to be false. Dr. religion : being preserved a distinct people, though Blayney. He shall be put to open shame and death, on dispersed through the world, for so long a time, as no account of his pretended vision; (Dr. Wells ;) or, shall one besides from the creation ever was under like cir- be convinced of his errour, and no more attempt to cumstances; and demonstrating all the while the un- deceive. Bp. Hall. corruptness of those books, in which both they and we - a rough garment] Or, "a garment of hair ;" as believe, and from which, in a great measure, we prove in the margin. See 2 Kings i. 8; Matt. iii. 4. They the truth of our religion against them, as well as against shall not affect the dress of the old Prophets, in order other unbelievers in Christ. Nor is this the whole ser to pass off their impostures. Dr. Blayney. This seems vice of the same kind, to which they are destined. For to have been the practice of false prophets, in imitation in God's good time they shall give a new and illustrious of some eminent ones amongst the true. Abp. Neccone, (and who knows how seasonable?) attestation to Chris- 5. But he shall say, I am no prophet, &c.] But be tianity, by their conversion; and the “receiving of that shall be apprehended on suspicion of pretending them again into the Church shall be as “life from the to be a Prophet, shall readily acknowledge himself to be dead.” For so their own Prophets have foretold, that no Prophet, &c. Dr. Wells. Disclaiming all pretenGod “will pour upon them the spirit of grace and of sions to the character of a Prophet, he shall profess him. supplications: and they shall look upon Him whom self to be no other than a plain ordinary labouring man, they have pierced, and shall mourn; and in that day employed in husbandry business from his youth. This shall be a fountain opened to them for sin and for un passage may be justly paralleled with Amos vii. 14. cleanness; they shall call on His name, and He will | Dr. Blayney. hear them; He will say, It is My people ; and they shall 6. - What are these wounds &c.] It was an ancient say, The Lord is my God.” Abp. Secker.
custom for masters to set a mark on their slaves or
goods : and there was sometimes a particular character Chap. XIII. ver. 1. - a fountain opened - for sin and imprinted upon the worshippers of certain idols; such for uncleanness.] The blood of Christ, which cleanseth impressions were often made upon the hands : see Rer. from all sin, 1 John i. 7, is manifestly here intended, xiii. 16. The accused person is represented as justify. the Jews being upon their conversion and repentance ing himself by alleging, that the marks upon his hands to be admitted to all the privileges of the Christian are not the character of any idol, but only a token of covenant. Dr. Blayney.
the family, to which he belongs. W, Lowth, Abp. Neu. 2.- I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land,] | come,
The death of Christ foretold. CHAP. XIII, XIV. The enemies of Jerusalem destroyed. Beforen 7 9 Awake, O sword, against my
CHRIST about 587. shepherd, and against the man that is
about 587. my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts :
1 The destroyers of Jerusalem destroyed. 4
The coming of Christ, and the graces of his b Matt.26.31. bsmite the shepherd, and the sheep Mark 14, 27.
kingdom. 12 The plague of Jerusalem's
the Lord, 20 and their spoils shall be holy.
9 And I will bring the third part against Jerusalem to battle; and the cl Pet. 1. through the fire, and will crefine them city shall be taken, and the houses
as silver is refined, and will try them rifled, and the women ravished; and
3 Then shall the Lord go forth, 7. Awake, O sword, &c.] O thou, My sword of af- so may be then compared to gold or silver refined by fliction, awake, arise, and smite Him, that is nearest the fire. Dr. Wells. and dearest unto Me; even Him, that is My coequal - they shall call on my name and I will hear them : 1 and coeternal Son, the image of Me, the invisible God, When I shall have “ poured upon them the spirit of saith the Lord of hosts : smite thou this Great Shepherd grace and of supplications," chap. xii. 10, they shall of My Church; and His sheep, His disciples and fol- humbly implore pardon for their sins, and I will gralowers, shall be scattered, and shall both forsake Him ciously hear and answer their prayers : compare chap. and be severed from each other; for even against those x. 6; Isai. lxv. 24; Hos. ï. 21; Joel ii. 32. W disciples also, as well as against their Master, will I | Lowth. stir up enmity and opposition in the world. Bp. Hall. - I will say, It is my people : &c.] For their disHere begins a new prophecy, importing that the Mes- obedience “I broke My covenant with them," chap. siah, the great Shepherd, as He is described in this xi. 10, and they were no more My people : but upon prophecy, chap. xi. 4 ; and in Isai. xl. 11; Ezek. xxxiv. | their repentance and conversion, “they shall be as 23; though with respect to His divine nature He be though I had not cast them off," chap. x. 6; and I will “ equal with God” the Father, Phil. ii. 6, yet shall renew My covenant relation with them. ('ompare chap. be delivered up to death, by God's determinate coun- viii. 8: Lev. xxvi. 12; Jer. xxx. 22; Ezek. xi. 20; sel and appointment: See Acts ii. 23; iv. 28. W. xxxvi. 28; xxxvii. 27. W. Lowth. Lowth.
- my fellow,] Or, as the word means, My“ equal." Chap. XIV. ver. 1. — the day of the Lord cometh, 7 The original word, exclusively of this passage, is found The day in which the Lord will take vengeance on the only in the book of Leviticus. There it is often used, Jews for the death of Christ. Dr. Wells. and always so as to signify a fellow-citizen, or one upon 2. – I will gather all nations &c.] The Romans, being the same level in society. It appears therefore with the lords of the then known world, had the strength of all greatest propriety to be rendered in our Bible by the nations united in their forces. Compare Jer. xxxiv, 1. term “fellow" in this place, where the Lord of hosts, W. Lowth foretelling the sufferings of the Redeemer, speaks of -- half the city shall go forth into captivity, 7 The Him as equal to Himself. Dr. Eveleigh.
Hebrew word, here translated “half,” may be rendered - smite the shepherd, &c.] Our Lord applies this “a portion :" see Judges ix. 43; Dan. xi. 4. Here the to His disciples being “scattered every man to his own," city is spoken of; but chap. xiii. 8, refers to the whole upon His apprehension and death, Matt. xxvi. 31; land. Abp. Newcome. John xvi. 32. W. Lowth. The verse relates to the -- and the residue of the people shall not be cut off Messiah and His “ little flock,” Luke xii. 32. The from the city. God shall preserve the other half of the Prophet goes back to this great subject of prophecy, citizens from being cut off by the enemy. Josephus after having told some events posteriour to Christ's ap says, there were forty thousand of the inhabitants sufpearance; and then proceeds to other events subse- | fered to go whither they would. W. Lowth. quent to this grand epocha in the history of the Jews Or, the passage may be rendered, “and half of the and of mankind; some near it, and some remote. Abp. city shall go forth into captivity, even a residue of the Newcome.
people shall not be cut off from the city ;" that is, they 8. -- two parts therein shall be cut off and die ;7 The shall not be killed in the siege or taking of the city severe judgments, foretold by our Saviour, Matt. xxiv. but shall go forth into captivity. Dr. Wells. shall consume two parts in three of the nation ; but The Romans spared the young and useful part of a third part shall escape the general destruction, and be the Jews. However, these were either condemned to left to be dispersed over the world, to preserve a pos- the mines in Egypt, or exposed to the sword and to terity to future generations. W. Lowth. “Two parts wild beasts in provincial theatres, or sold for slaves and a third,” that is, a greater proportion and a less. Abp. Newcome. Dr. Stokes.
3. Then shall the Lord go forth, and fight against those 9. And I will bring the third part through the fire, Inations, &c.] If, as I am disposed to think, the Romans will cause them to undergo great afflictions, till at last are meant in the foregoing verse, we may here underthey shall repent of their unbelief of Christ and of His stand the descendants of the many people, who warred Gospel, and truly turn unto Me by faith in Christ, and I under the Roman standard. Abp. Newcome.
there shall there be one Ib; in that day king
The coming of Christ, and
the graces of his kingdom. Beforer and fight against those nations, as salem; half of them toward the || for
CHRIST about 587. when he fought in the day of battle. mer sea, and half of them toward the about 587.
4 And his feet shall stand in hinder sea: in summer and in winter
lifted up, and || inhabited in her place, Or, skall 5 And ye shall flee to the valley from Benjamin's gate unto the place | Or, my of ll the mountains; || for the valley of the first gate, unto the corner gate, mountains. 1 Or, when he of the mountains shall reach unto and from the tower of Hananeel unto the valley of Azal : yea, ye shall flee, like as ye | the king's winepresses. the mountains fled from before the a earthquake in 11 And men shall dwell in it, and separated.. the days of Uzziah king of Judah: there shall be no more utter destruca Amos 1. 1.
and the Lord my God shall come, tion; but Jerusalem || shall be safely 10r, shall
people that have fought against Jeru7 But || it shall be bone day which salem ; Their flesh shall consume shall be one shall be known to the Lord, not day, away while they stand upon their
*** nor night: but it shall come to pass, feet, and their eyes shall consume c Isai. 60. 19. that at evening time it shall be away in their holes, and their tongue Rev. 21. 23.
shall consume away in their mouth. d Ezek. 47.1. 8 And it shall be in that day, that 13 And it shall come to pass in Joel 3. 18. Rev. 22. 1. Rev. 22.. living d waters shall go out from Jeru- that day, that a great tumult from the
It is no unusual thing for the holy writers to speak of share of those blessings, which are here described under two erents together, though they happen at a great the metaphor of “living waters." W. Lowth. distance from each other. See 1 Cor. xv. 23. W. -- in summer] In those countries most springs failed Lowth.
during the summer season. Abp. Newcome. - as when he fought in the day of battle.] As He 9. And the Lord shall be king over all the earth : &c.] appeared in behalf of Israel, when He overthrew the Upon the conversion of the Jews, and the coming in Egyptians in the Red sea, or when the ark of God's of the fulness of the Gentiles, the name of God shall not presence led their armies in the land of Canaan, Josh. be given to any idol, idolatry being utterly abolished, vi. 6. W. Lowth. There is great difficulty in this and chap. xii. 2; and God shall be glorified" with one the following verses, and commentators are much divided mind and one mouth” throughout the world : compare in the interpretation and application of them.
Mic. v. 12–14; Zeph. iii. 9; Rev. xi. 15. The stone, 5. — Azal :] Probably a place near Jerusalem. Abp. which represents Christ's kingdom, shall then“ become Newcome.
a great mountain, and fill the whole earth,” Dan. ii. 35. - all the saints with thee.] Or, “with Him ;” as the W. Lowth. Jehovah shall be one and the same God Chaldee and Greek versions read. W. Lowth.
alike to all the earth, and not confined as heretofore to 7. — not day, nor night:7 These two verses may be one people. See Rom. iii. 29, 30; x. 12; Eph. iv. 5, 6. I expounded with respect to the Jews, that their condition | By " the name of Jehovah,” I conceive to be meant the I shail be for some time not altogether prosperous, nor profession of His true religion, which, it is here foreyet quite desperate. The great crisis of their affairs told, should pervade the whole earth. Dr. Blayney. shall be in a day, which God alone knows; unlike to 10. All the land shall be turned as a plain &c.] The our days : dark at the beginning, and clear in the end, expression inay signify, that all impediments shall be when the light is not expected. W. Lowth. The ex- removed that oppose the advancement of Christ's king. pressions are most probably figurative. “At evening dom. Compare chap iv. 7 ; Isai. xl. 4. W. Lowth. Or, time it shall be light :” the final prevalence of Chris shall be “ compassed," as in the margin. Jebovah tianity after a period of spiritual twilight appears to be shall encompass the whole land for the purpose of prointended.
tection, as a plain is encompassed by mountains. Geba 8. — living waters] By“ living waters," there is good is in Benjamin, north of Jerusalem; Josh. xxi. 17: reason to believe, are meant the gifts and graces of the Rimmon in Judah, to the south, chap. xv. 32. Abp. Gospel dispensation. See Isai. xii. 3; xliv, 3; lv. 1; Newcome. Jer. ii. 13; Ezek. xlvii. 1, &c.; Joel iii. 18; John
from Benjamin's gate &c.] See the plan of Je. I iv. 10; vii. 38, 39. That these benefits will be diffused rusalem. more extensively by the restoration of the Jews, is inti- | 12. — while they stand upon their feet, As opposed mated not obscurely, Rom. xi. 15. Dr. Blayney. to one, whose flesh wastes as he lies upon the bed of
- the former sea, - the hinder sea :] The expres- sickness, which is in the ordinary course of things; ! sion imports, that the whole land shall have a plentiful whereas in this case the person loses his flesh and his