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CHRIST

hem Ephratah, remp the children of Isrand and || feed

a Matt. 2. 6. John 7. 42.

The birth of Christ.
MICAH.

His kingdom Before judge of Israel with a rod upon the until the time that she which travail- Before 710. cheek.

eth hath brought forth : then the 710. & 2 But thou, aBeth-lehem Ephratah, remnant of his brethren shall return

though thou be little among the thou- unto the children of Israel.
sands of Judah, yet out of thee shall 4 | And he shall stand and || feed Or, rule.
he come forth unto me that is to be in the strength of the LORD, in the

ruler in Israel; whose goings forth majesty of the name of the Lord his + Heb. the have been from of old, from t everlast- God; and they shall abide: for now eternity. ing.

shall he be great unto the ends of the 3 Therefore will he give them up, earth.

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treating one in a despiteful manner, Lam. iii. 30; Matt. of that going forth from everlasting of Christ, the eternal v. 39. “ The judge of Israel” is equivalent to the king Son of God, God, of the substance of the Father, beof Israel: see Amos ii. 3. W. Lowih. Hoshea may be gotten before the worlds, who was afterwards in time supposed to have suffered such contumely when Sa- (according to the prediction that He should “ come maria was taken, 2 Kings xvii. 6; or Zedekiah, on the forth out of Beth-lehem”) made man, of the substance taking of Jerusalem, 2 Kings xxv. 7. Abp. Newcome. of His mother, and born in the world, that the prophecy

2. But thou, Beth-lehem Ephratah, &c.] The Prophet, evidently belongs only to Him, and could never be vehaving intimated what contempt should befall the family' rified of any other. Dr. Pocock. of David, subjoins, according to God's usual method, The plural form may denote the eminence of Christ's a declaration of the dignity which they should attain to, eternal generation. Abp. Secker. It is a common Hein the time of their restoration from the Babylonish cap- braism, to denote the eminency or continuation of a tivity. Dr. Pocock.

thing or action by the plural number, “God shall judge Ephrath, or Ephratah, was another name for Beth- the world with righteousnesses and equity,” Ps. xcvii. 9; lehen in the tribe of Judah. See Gen. xxxv. 19. And or most righteously and equitably. “The angers of both names are joined together to distinguish it from the Lord,” Lam. iv. 16; “ wisdoms,” Prov. i. 20; for another Beth-lehem, situate in the tribe of Zebulun, the high degree of both. Bp. Chandler. mentioned Joshua xix. 15. It is called “ little among This famous prophecy of Micahı appears to have given the thousands;" that is, among the families or cities of occasion to the manner of speaking, used by our Church Judah. Compare Judg. vi. 15; 1 Sam. X. 19. The in her second Article, where she speaks of the Son of expression is taken from the first division of the people God, as “begotten from everlasting.” Waldo. into thousands, hundreds, and other subordinate divi- 3. Therefore will he give them up, &c.] But in the sions. See Exod. xviii. 21-25. Both the city and family mean time He shall suffer His Israel to be grievously of David were in a mean condition at the time of Christ's afflicted, &c. Bp. Hall. The particle, rendered “therebirth; whereupon the Blessed Virgin in her song thank fore," should be translated “nevertheless," here and fully commemorates God's extraordinary favour in ho- in some other places, as Dr. Pocock observes. Not. nouring that low estate to which they were reduced, withstanding the promise of so great a blessing, God with the birth of the Messiah, Luke i. 48, 52, 53. W. will give up His people into the hands of their enemies, Lowth.

or leave them to be exercised with troubles and atllic- though thou be little among the thousands of Ju- tions, till the appointed time of their deliverance cometh, dah,] Every tribe was of old divided into so many which shall be greater than that from Babylon. See thousands, as shires in England are into hundreds, chap. iv, 10. This deliverance may be understood of over which presided a leader to command them in battle. the Church bringing forth children by the preaching of Beth-lehem was too small in people to be reckoned as the Gospel; see Gal. iv. 27; but will be more fully comone of these thousands, or to be numbered singly in ' pleted in the general restoration of the Jewish nation, the army against the enemy; but is promised the ad- to be expected in the latter ages. Compare Isai. lxri. vantage over them all in giving birth to the “Ruler in 7,8. W. Lowth. Israel,” who is superiour to all the princes of the thou- ! - then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto sands; even that Son of David, “whose goings forth the children of Israel.] Or, “ shall be converted with have been from of old, from everlasting.Bp. Chandler. the children of Israel.” W. Lowth. The promise of

- out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to God was not only to Israel according to the flesh, but be ruler in Israel ;| The Scribes and Pharisees under- “to all (also) that were afar off, even as many as the stood this prophecy of the birth of the Messiah, as ap- | Lord our God should call," Acts ii. 39; and all these pears from Matt. ii. 5, 6; and so did the generality of are called “the remnant of his brethren," even those the Jews of that age, who speak of it as an undoubted that were before “ aliens from the commonwealth of truth, that “ Christ was to come of the seed of David, Israel,” and afar off, are now in Christ made one with and out of the town of Beth-lehem where David was,” them, Eph. ii. 12, &c.; all brethren among themselves, John vii. 42. The Chaldee agrees with their sentiments, and all brethren to Christ their ruler. Having taken and expressly applies the prophecy to the Messiah ; and on Him their nature in the flesh, He is not ashamed to our Lord was born at Beth-lehem by an especial act of call them so, as the Apostle speaks, Heb, ii. 11, conProvidence, that this prophecy might plainly be fulfilled firming it out of Ps. xxii. 22: and Christ Himself in Him. See Luke ii. 4. “ To come forth" is the same vouchsafes to call all true believers by this title, Matt. as to be born. See Gen. x. 14; xvii. 6; xxv. 25; xii. 46; Luke viii. 21. Dr. Pocock. 1 Chron. ii. 53; Isai. xi, 1. W. Lowth.

4. And he shall stand and feed &c.] He shall persist - whose goings forth have been from of old, from and continue to feed; that is, He shall carefully, watcheverlasting. The Prophet proceeds in describing Him, fully, and tenderly supply all the wants of His subjects, who was to “come out of Beth-lehem," and to be as a good shepherd doth those of his sheep: com pare " Ruler in Israel,” by another more eminent coming or John x. 9, 14. And this He shall do “ in the strength going forth, even from all eternity. This is so signal of the Lord,” not as an ordinary man, but as One, who a description of the Divine generation before all time, or hath extraordinary and plainly Divine power conferred

Christ's kingdom.

CHAP. V.

Christ's kingdom. Before 5 And this man shall be the peace, thereof: thus shall he deliver us from Before 710. when the Assyrian shall come into the Assyrian, when he cometh into 710.

our land : and when he shall tread in our land, and when he treadeth within
our palaces, then shall we raise against our borders.
him seven shepherds, and eight { prin-| 7 And the remnant of Jacob shall
cipal men.

be in the midst of many people as a + Heb. eat up. 6 And they shall of waste the land dew from the Lord, as the showers | Or, with her of Assyria with the sword, and the upon the grass, that tarrieth not for

land of Nimrod || in the entrances man, nor waiteth for the sons of men.

+ Heb. princes of men.

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on Him from the Lord; compare Matt. xxviii. 18; and Epistles, ending with a prediction of the speedy ap“ in the inajesty of the name of the Lord His God,” so proach of the latter in the Apocalypse, Rev. xxii. 20. as plainly to evince, that the majestick name of the Dr. Hales. Lord His God is in Him, (see Exod. xxiii. 21,) that when the Assyrian shall come into our land : &c.] God hath glorified Him, and is glorified in and by Him, The sense, which Mr. Mede has given to this passage, John xiii. 31, 32: and under the protection of His great appears most agreeable to the scope and design of the power and majesty, “they" His subjects “shall abide,” following part of the chapter. He expounds the place shall be in a sure and steadfast condition, secure against of the general destruction of some remarkable enemy, all other powers; compare John x. 11, 12, 28-30:or enemies to God and His truth, which should come for now," when He shall enter on His rule, “ shall to pass before the consummation of all things: an He be great unto the ends of the earth," extending His event foretold in several places of Scripture. See Ps. name, glory, and dominion as wide as the world, and cx. 5, 6; Isai. xxvi. 20, 21; xxxiv. 1, &c.; lxvi. 16; to the utmost parts thereof: compare Matt. xxviii, 19, Jer. xxx. 7, 10; Ezek. Xxxviii, xxxix; Joel iii. 9, 14; 20; Acts i. 8; Rom. x. 18. Dr. Pocock. The last Obad. ver. 15, &c.; Zeph. iii. 8; Hag. ii. 22; Zech. clause is alluded to by the angel, “He shall be great, xii. 1; xiv. 8; Rev. xix. 19; xx. 9. This enemy is and shall be called the Son of the Highest,” &c. Luke probably called by the name of the Assyrian in Isaiah, i. 32. He is dignified with such titles, as were never chap, xiv. 25, as well as by Micah here. See the note given to any creature, as the Apostle at large proves, upon that place. Mr. Mede ingeniously conjectures, Heb. i. 4, &c. Compare Isai. lii. 13, and see the note that this name was given him by these two Prophets, there. W. Lowth.

because that ever since the invasion of Sennacherib, 5. And this man shall be the peace,] A Jewish ex- the very name of Assyrian carried terrour along with it, positor observes, that this passage is to be understood being esteemed by the Jews as their most formidable of the Messiah, because He shall be the cause of peace, enemy. W. Lowth. as it is said, “and He shall speak peace unto the seven shepherds, and eight principal men.] Or, heathen," Zech. ix. 10. And therefore our Lord Christ rulers. Under His conduct we shall be furnished with being the true Messiah, of Him, agreeably to the words commanders sufficient to oppose the enterprises of the here, it is said, “ He is our peace," Eph. ii. 14. Atenemy. “Shepherds” are elsewhere equivalent to His birth the heavenly host proclaimed "peace on earth," princes or generals ; see Jer. vi. 3 ; xxv. 34 ; Nahum Luke ii. 14; and He, while on earth, came and preached iii. 18. The words “seven” and “ eight” are used for “ peace to them which were afar off, and to them that an indefinite number : see Eccles. xi. 2. So once and were nigh," Eph. ii. 17: and when He was again to twice, six and seven, are used, Job xxxiii. 14 ; v. 19; leave the world, He bequeathed peace to His disciples, Prov. vi. 16. W. Lowth. “ gave it to them, and left it with them,” John xiv. 27. 6. And they shall waste - in the entrances thereof :7 Of Him therefore it might be truly said by way of pro- In its borders, where its garrisons are, and its chief phecy, “ This man shall be peace,” or “ the peace.” strength lies. Assyria is called “the land of Nimrod,” Dr. Pocock.

because he was the first king of the country: see Gen. This sentence may be best explained as connected x. 11, where the marginal reading is right. W. Lowth. with the foregoing verse. W. Lowth.

According to the figurative signification of the words, This prophecy of Micah is perhaps the most im- embraced by most Christians, the meaning of this pasportant single prophecy in the Old Testament, and the sage is evident, that by the might and power of Christ, most comprehensive, respecting the personal character and such as shall be by Him qualified and comof the Messiah, and His successive manifestations to missioned for the spreading and maintaining of His the world. It crowns the whole chain of prophecies truth, all that oppose it shall be brought under and made descriptive of the several limitations of the blessed to yield, as certainly as when an enemy, such as the “ Seed of the woman” to the line of Shem, to the fa- | Assyrian then was to Israel, is by many commanders mily of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to the tribe of and their forces beaten in his own country and with his Judah, and to the royal house of David, here termi- own weapons, forced from him and turned back upon nating in His birth at Beth-lehem, “the city of David." himself, (see the margin,) so that he shall not be able It carefully distinguishes His human nativity from His to create farther disturbances. Dr. Pocock. eternal generation; foretells the rejection of the Israel - thus shall he deliver us from the Assyrian, &c ] ites and Jews for a season; their final restoration, and By these means shall Christ deliver us from the hands the universal “peace” destined to prevail throughout of such enemies as shall assault us, so that we shall not the earth in “the regeneration.” It forms therefore the have need to fear them. Dr. Pocock. basis of the New Testament, which begins with His 7. And the remnant of Jacob shall be &c.] The remhuman birth at Beth-lehem, the miraculous circum-nant of the dispersed Jews upon their conversion shall stances of which are recorded in the introductions of be the instruments of converting those Gentiles among St. Matthew's and St. Luke's Gospels ; His eternal ge- whom they live: and may therefore be fitly represented neration, as “ the Word,” in the sublime introduction by the dews and rains which come from heaven, and of St. John's Gospel; His prophetick character, and make the earth fruitful. W. Lowth. second coming, illustrated in the four Gospels and I. — that tarrieth not for man, &c.] The dews and

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Christ's complete conquest.

MICAH. God's controversy for unkindness, Before. 8 I And the remnant of Jacob / 15 And I will execute vengeance Before

shall be among the Gentiles in the in anger and fury upon the heathen, 710. wa

midst of many people as a lion among such as they have not heard.
shidst of mamongeopfe Gentiles

the beasts of the forest, as a young lion || Or, goats. among the flocks of || sheep: who, if

| CHAP. VI.
he go through, both treadeth down, 1 God's controversy for unkindness, 6 for
and teareth in pieces, and none can ignorance, 10 for injustice, 16 and for
deliver.

idolatry.
9 Tbine hand shall be lifted up |HEAR ye now what the LORD
upon thine adversaries, and all thine 11 saith ; Arise, contend thou
enemies shall be cut off.

| || before the amountains, and let the for, with.
10 And it shall come to pass in hills hear thy voice.
that day, saith the Lord, that I will / 2 Hear ye, O mountains, the
cut off thy horses out of the midst of Lord's controversy, and ye strong
thee, and I will destroy thy chariots : foundations of the earth : for the

11 And I will cut off the cities of LORD hath a controversy with his
thy land, and throw down all thy people, and he will plead with Is-
strong holds :

rael.
12 And I will cut off witchcrafts 3 O my people, what have I done
out of thine hand; and thou shalt unto thee? and wherein have I wea-
have no more soothsayers :

ried thee? testify against me. 13 Thy graven images also will I 4 For I brought thee up out of the || Or, statues. cut off, and thy || standing images | land of Egypt, and redeemed thee b Exod. 12.

out of the midst of thee; and thou out of the house of servants; and I 5.
shalt no more worship the work of sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and
thine hands.

Miriam.
14 And I will pluck up thy groves 5 O my people, remember now

out of the midst of thee: so will I what · Balak king of Moab consulted, « Numb. 22. || Or, enemies. destroy thy || cities.

and what Balaam the son of Beor

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rains are the gift of God, and are here distinguished from Chap. VI. ver. 1. — Arise, contend thou before the those fountains and canals of water, which men convey mountains, &c.] Arise, saith God to me, and call the into their fields and gardens by their own industry. very senseless earth, even the hills and mountains, to W. Lowth.

record what I have to say against My people. Bp. Hall. 8. And the remnant of Jacob shall be as a lion &c.] See the notes on Deut. iv. 26; Isai. i. 2. This has been most eminently and fully made good by The manner of raising attention in the two first verses, the establishing of Christ's spiritual kingdom among by calling on man to urge his plea in the face of all men, and by the conquests obtained by His little flock nature, and on the inanimate creation to hear the exover sin, the world, and the devil. Dr. Pocock. postulation of Jehovah with His people, is truly awaken

10, 11. – I will cut off thy horses out of the midst of ing and magnificent. The words of Jehovah follow in thee, &c.] These words are a promise of peace and the 3d, 4th, and 5th verses. And God's mercies having security and an encouragement to rely on God alone, been set before His people, one of them is introduced without dependence on ordinary human helps. Much in a beautiful dramatick form, as asking what his duty the like words are applied to the peaceable condition of is toward so gracious a God, ver. 6, 7. The answer the kingdom of Christ by Zechariah, chap. ix. 10. Dr. follows in the 8th verse, in the words of the Prophet. Pocock. See also Hos. i. 7.

Abp. Newcome. 12-14. And I will cut off witchcrafts &c.] The Pro. 5. O my people, remember now what Balak king of phet may be supposed to mention here those sins wherein Moab consulted, &c.] Remember what answers I put the Jews of his own age were chiefly faulty, thereby to into the mouth of Balaam, the son of Beor; how I signify, that in aftertimes, when the promises here men-drew blessings even from his mouth upon you, instead tioned should be fulfilled, such offences should not be of curses, which Balak would have hired him to utter found among them. Compare Isai. ii. 6-8, with the against you : remernber all My gracious dealings with context here. We may in general take notice, that the you in all the passages of the wilderness, even fron destruction of idolatry is often mentioned in the Pro- | Shittim unto Gilgal, till the very entrance into the land phets as a principal circumstance in their descriptions of promise; that ye may acknowledge the righteous of the flourishing state of the Church, which should proceedings of the Lord with you. Bp. Hall. come to pass in aftertimes. W. Lowth.

To make the sense of the words “from Shittim unto 14. — so will I destroy thy cities.] It is supposed by Gilgal" complete, we must supply it from the beginning some interpreters, that in ver. 11 are meant cities of of the verse, as in the Chaldee Paraphrase, “Remem. defence, and here cities of idolatrous worship, in which ber what I have done for you from Shittim unto Gilwere their groves and idol-temples. Dr. Pocock. gal;" that is, from your encampment in the plains of

15. And I will execute vengeance &c.] When I have Moab, near Shittim, east of Jordan, (where they sinned purged My people from their corruptions, I will severely in the matter of Peor, Numb. xxv. 3, 18, and deserved vindicate their cause to the utter destruction of all their to be cut off, had not God been merciful to them,) until unbelieving enemies. W. Lowth.

your encampment at Gilgal on the other side of Jordan

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house of the

for ignorance,

CHAP. VI.

and for injustice. Before answered him from a Shittim unto fruit of my + body for the sin of my i

Before CHRIST 710. Gilgal; that ye may know the righte- soul ?

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8 He hath e shewed thee, Oman, + Heb.belly. d Numb. 25. USES 01 the LORD.

6 I Wherewith shall I come before what is good; and what doth the Lord e Deut. 10. Josh. 3. 10.

the Lord, and bow myself before require of thee, but to do justly, and
the high God? shall I come before to love mercy, and to † walk humbly Heh.

+ Heh.

humble thyhim with burnt offerings, with calves with thy God?

self to walk.

| Or, thy + Heb.sons of t of a year old ?

9 The Lord's voice crieth unto hameshan a year!

7 Will the Lord be pleased with the city, and || the man of wisdom see that which thousands of rams, or with ten thou- shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, Or, Is there

yet unto sands of rivers of oil ? shall I give my and who hath appointed it.

every man an firstborn for my transgression, the 10 | || Are there yet the treasures ;

wicked, &c. in the land of Canaan. At Shittim they abode till after and a reverent behaviour towards God. W. Lowth. Moses's death, Josh. iii. 1 : thence Joshua conducted | The Prophet here tells them, that they were quite out them over Jordan. As therefore in the former words of the way in thinking to pacify God upon the terms they are reminded of the great things which God did proposed ; that there are other things, much better and for them under the conduct of Moses ; so in these they more pleasing to Him than these sacrifices. For some are reminded of His benefits to them under the conduct of them were expressly forbidden by God, as the offerof Joshua; and so, in short, of all that He did from ing up of children: and for the rest, they were not good His first beginning to redeem them from bondage, and in themselves, but merely by virtue of their institution, bringing them out of Egypt through the Red sea, and because they were commanded. But the things, through the desert, and through Jordan, till He had which He would recommend to them, are such as are settled them in the promised land. All these things good in their own nature, and required of us by God might convince them of “the Lord's righteousness :" on that account. “He hath shewed thee, O man, what of His great goodness towards them, and of His faith is good.” Abp. Tillotson. We have reason all to apply fulness in fulfilling the promises made to their fathers. to ourselves these words of the Prophet. For though W. Lowth, Dr. Pocock.

it still be true, that some ages of the world have been 6. Wherewith shall I come before the Lord, &c.] This dark, and others blinded with false lights; that some abrupt passionate form of speech seems to require some men naturally see little, and others are strangely given thing to be understood, for the purpose of connecting to see wrong ; yet, in general, the duties of life are it with the preceding words. It is spoken by the Pro-level to the capacities of all men: and especially among phet, as in the person of the people, replying to the ap Christians, but, above all, Christians so peculiarly blessed peal of God; and it is either an acknowledgment of with the means of instruction as we of this nation are, their guilt, and an expression of their desire to repent, no one can possibly, without either deliberate obstinacy if they knew what would be accepted by God; or it is or intolerable negligence, continue unacquainted with a justification of themselves, intimating that if they had what he is bound to do, or the recompense he is to exbeen defective in their duty, and thereby displeasing to pect, if he do it not. Abp. Secker. God, it was done, not willingly, but through ignorance. ---- and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do Dr. Pocock.

&c.] The whole of man's duty is here summed up in Or, the words are part of a private conference between three parts. Ist, To“ do justly,” is to give to every Balaam and Balak, which Moses has omitted, as foreign one, whether superiours, equals, or inferiours, their due; to the subject of his history; but which tbe Israelites to do in all things what is equal and right, not oppressought to have holden in remembrance, and in which ing any, nor defrauding them in any kind of dealing, the idolatrous king inquires of God's Prophet, in what not to hurt them by word or deed, nor injure them in way he, the king, might make expiation for his offences. their persons, estates, or good name, or any thing beBp. Horsley.

longing to them. 2dly, To “ love mercy,” is not only - shall I come before him with burnt offerings, &c.] to give to every one what he might in justice require, The constant sacrifice that was offered to God by way but to be kind, merciful, compassionate, exercising all of acknowledgment of His dominion over His creatures: acts of charity and beneficence willingly, cheerfully, “ with calves of a year old,” which was the sin offering, and without expecting recompense. 3dly, To “walk that the high priest offered for himself. Or will He humbly with thy God,” is to frame the life and converrather accept of those great and costly sacrifices, which sation with a view to God's commandments, in a dutiful were offered upon publick and solemn occasions, such performance of His will, in a patient resignation to His as that which Solomon offered at the dedication of the dispensations, and in a ready assent to His revealed temple? “ Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of truths. The two first parts comprise the duties of the rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil ?” Or if second table; the third, those of the first: together none of these will do, shall I try to atone Him after the they are a summary of all the Ten Commandments; manner of the heathen, by the dearest thing in the and the performance of them is “ more than all whole world, the firstborn of my children? “shall I give my burnt offerings and sacrifices," Mark xii. 33. Dr. Pofirstborn,&c.? Jf God was to be appeased at all, surely cock. they thought it must be by some of these ways ; for 9. The Lord's voice crieth unto the city, &c.] The beyond these they could imagine nothing of greater voice of the Lord calleth by me His l'rophet to the city value and efficacy. Abp. Tillotson.

of Jerusalem; and those, that are wise-hearted, will have 7.-- shall I give my firstborn] The strength and stay a due and awful respect to Thy name, O Lord: hear, of the family. W. Lowth.

o Jerusalem, hear thou the sad news of that sharp rod 8. He hath shewed thee, Oman, what is good ; &c.] of affliction, which is prepared for thee; and consider Both the dictates of reason, and the laws of God, suf- who it is that hath appointed it for thy correction. Bp. ficiently inform men what are the substantial parts of | Hall. their duty; namely, the practice of justice and mercy, 10. Are there yet the treasures of wickedness &c.] From

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gatherings of

God's controversy for idolatry.

MICAH.

The church's confidence in God. eforer of wickedness in the house of the teth her confidence not in man, but in God. Before 710. wicked, and the +scant measure that

8 She triumpheth over her enemies. 14 is abominable ?

God comforteth her by promises, 16 by

confusion of the enemies, 18 and by his 11 || Shall I count them pure with

mercies. | Or, Shall I the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights ?

|W O E is me! for I am as + when + Heb. the 12 For the rich men thereof are they have gathered the sum- ; full of violence, and the inhabitants mer fruits, as the grapegleanings of thereof have spoken lies, and their the vintage: there is no cluster to tongue is deceitful in their mouth. eat: my soul desired the first-ripe

13 Therefore also will I make thee fruit. sick in smiting thee, in making thee 2 The a || good man is perished out a Ps. 12. 1. desolate because of thy sins.

of the earth : and there is none up- | Or, godly, 14 Thou shalt eat, but not be sa- right among men: they all lie in or, merciful. tisfied; and thy casting down shall be wait for blood; they hunt every man

ceitful in their mout their the vintage: there apegleanings of

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lag. 1. 6.

mischief of his soul,

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take hold, but shalt not deliver; and 3 | That they may do evil with
that which thou deliverest will I give both hands earnestly, the prince ask-
up to the sword.

eth, and the judge asketh for a ref Deut. 28.

15 Thou shalt f sow, but thou ward; and the great man, he uttereth shalt not reap; thou shalt tread the + his mischievous desire : so they + Heb, the olives, but thou shalt not anoint thee / wrap it up. with oil; and sweet wine, but shalt 4 The best of them is a brier : the not drink wine.

most upright is sharper than a thorn 16 9 For || the statutes of 8 Omri hedge: the day of thy watchmen and ce are kept, and all the works of the thy visitation cometh ; now shall be

** house of h Ahab, and ye walk in their | their perplexity.
16. counsels; that I should make thee 5 | Trust ye not in a friend, put

a || desolation, and the inhabitants ye not confidence in a guide : keep
thereof an hissing: therefore ye shall the doors of thy mouth from her that
bear the reproach of my people.

lieth in thy bosom.

6 Forb the son dishonoureth the b Matt. 10. CHAP. VII.

father, the daughter riseth up against Luke 21. 16. i The church. complaining of her small num- | her mother, the daughter in law ber, 3 and the general corruption, 5 put. against her mother in law; a man's

hence to the end is a detail of the then reigning rich men, ver. 12, 15; and tells them, that since they sins among the Jews; more particularly the ten tribes, have given the chief occasion to those reproaches which who had separated themselves by an avowed schism unbelievers have thrown out upon God's people, as if from the unity of the Church. He taxes them with they were rejected and cast out by Him, therefore they covetousness, base dishonesty, falsehood and deceit, in- shall bear the principal share of that shame and conjustice and oppression in their commerce and dealings tempt wherewith their enemies shall treat them. Comwith men, and as notorious a falsehood towards God by pare Ps. xlii. 10; Isai, xxv. 8. W. Lowth. profaneness and irreligion; keeping rather the impious and idolatrous statutes of Omri and Ahab, than the Chap. VII. ver. 1, 2. — I am as when they have gaDivine law delivered by Moses. Wogan.

thered the summer fruits, &c.] As the early fig of excel. 14. - and thy casting down &c.] Thy casting down lent flavour cannot be found in the advanced season of shall be in the midst of thine own streets : thou shalt summer, or the choice cluster of grapes after vintage : fall, even within thine own walls; and thou shalt take so neither can the good and upright man be discovered hold of thy children to deliver them from the enemy, by diligent searching in Israel. This comparison is but thou shalt not rescue them; and those, whom thou beautifully implied. Abp. Newcome. hast obtained to deliver from the present slaughter, 3. — so they wrap it up.] They make the matter intriwill I soon after give up to the sword. Bp. Hall. cate, so that men may not easily discern between the

16. — Omri, - Ahab,] It is said of Omri, that he right and the wrong, nor distinguish one from the other. “ did worse than all that were before him," i Kings Dr. Pocock. xvi. 25: and his son Ahab added the worship of Baal 4. - sharper than a thorn hedge :) Some of the fences to the idolatry of the golden calves, ver. 31; which is in the Holy Land perfectly answer those passages of spoken of there as the worse degree of idolatry, because the Jewish Prophets, that speak of hedges made of it was the introducing of an heathen idol, whereas the thorny plants, and the sharpness of the thorns on those golden calves were only an idolatrous representation of then in use. See Hos. ï. 6; Prov. xv. 19. Harmer. the true God. Manasseh followed Ahab in his wicked - the day of thy watchmen and thy visitation ness : see 2 Kings xxi. 3. W. Lowth.

cometh ;] The time of vengeance, foretold by thy Pro- therefore ye shall bear the reproach of my people. phets : or the time of vengeance, denounced upon thy The Prophet still directs his discourse to the great and princes and magistrates. Dr. Pocock, W. Lowth.

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