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1 Chron. 11.
The desolation of Jerusalem.
PSALMS. The psalmist prayeth for deliverance. 11 Sam. 16. 70 * He chose David also his ser-1 7 For they have devoured Jacob, 2 Sam. 7. 8. vant, and took him from the sheep- and laid waste his dwelling place. folds :
8 d () remember not against us a Is. 64. 9. + Heb. From 71 + 1 From following the ewes || former iniquities : let thy tender || Or, the ulaSam. 5. 2. great with young he brought him to mercies speedily prevent us: for we then that 1.11. feed Jacob his people, and Israel his are brought very low. inheritance.
1 9 Help us, o God of our salva72 So he fed them according to tion, for the glory of thy name : and the integrity of his heart; and guided deliver us, and purge away our sins, them by the skilfulness of his hands. for thy name's sake.
10 'Wherefore should the heathen PSALM LXXIX.
say, Where is their God? let him be 1 The psalmist complaineth of the desolation known among the heathen in our of Jerusalem. 8 He prayeth for deliverance, sight by the t revenging of the blood Heb. 13 and promiseth thankfulness.
of thy servants which is shed. A Psalm || of Asaph.
11 Let the sighing of the prisoner O GOD, the heathen are come
come before thee; according to the into thine inheritance; thy holy
greatness of † thy power + preserve + Heb. thine temple have they defiled; they have
thou those that are appointed to die. Heb. laid Jerusalem on heaps.
12 And render unto our neigh-Thorn 2 The dead bodies of thy servants
bours sevenfold into their bosom death. bave they given to be meat unto the
their reproach, wherewith they have fowls of the heaven, the flesh of thy
reproached thee, O Lord. saints unto the beasts of the earth.
| 13 So we thy people and sheep of 3 Their blood have they shed like my i
ike thy pasture will give thee thanks for water round about Jerusalem; and
ever: we will shew forth thy praise
I + to all generations.
our neighbours, a scorn and derision 1 The psalmist in his prayer complaineth of
to them that are round about us. the miseries of the church. 8 God's former b Ps. 89. 16. 5 b How long, Lord? wilt thou favours are turned into judgments. 14 He be angry for ever? shall thy jealousy
prayeth for deliverance. burn like fire?
I To the chief Musician upon Sho<Jer. 10.25. 6 < Pour out thy wrath upon the shannim-Eduth, A Psalm 11 of mor, for
heathen that have not known thee, | Asaph.
U thou that leadest Joseph like a
+ Heb. to generation and generation.
ing and restraining this people from hurting themselves ; respects the Edomites chiefly. See Psalm cxx.xvii. 7. or permitting them to hurt themselves, till they grew Mudge. sensible of their wickedness; and then delivering them, I - into their bosom] The Arabs join together the because, and only because, they grew sensible : and, on two upper corners of their hyke, a garment like the the other hand, a perverseness so strong, and an obs- plaid of the highlanders in Scotland, and after having toxy so powerful, an incorrigibleness so proud, that placed them first over one of their shoulders, they then it was too hard for that mercy, and drove it from them: fold the rest of it about their bodies. The outer fold and, in the last place, we find the indignation of God serves them frequently instead of an apron, wherein kindled, which could not be quenched without scatter they carry herbs, loaves, corn, &c. There seem to be ing this rebellious nation over the face of the whole several allusions to this in Scripture; as "rendering carth. Lord Clarendon.
sevenfold into their bosom, &c.” “ Dr. Shaw.
Affliction hath then wrought its intended effect, when Psalm LXXIX. In this Psalm Asaph complains that it hath convinced us of sin, and led us to repentance; the Babylonians had destroyed the city and temple of when, brought back by it, like the returning prodigal, Jerusalem, and beseeches God to be reconciled to His to the house and presence of our heavenly Father, we people, and to punish the blasphemies and cruelties of acknowledge our guilt as the cause of our misery, and their idolatrous enemies. Green. It is one of the Psalms entreat forgiveness of the one, in order to obtain a reappointed for the fast service on the thirtieth of January. lease from the other ; not pleading our own merits, but
ter. 8. - let thy tender mercies &c.] Extend Thy the mercies of God our Saviour, and the glory of His compassion to us without delay. Trarell.
name. Bp. Horne. 10.- let him be known] Or, make Thyself known.
Psalm LXXX. The subject of this Psalm has some 11.- those that are appointed to die ;7 Those whom resemblance to the former : it contains an application their enemies have condemned to death. Bp. Patrick. to God for help under some grievous affliction ; describes
12. - our neighbours) “Our neighbours” probably the former exaltation of God's people, and their present
for salvation to us.
The psalmist complaineth of
the miseries of the church. flock; thou that dwellest between the 12 Why hast thou then broken cherubims, shine forth.
down her hedges, so that all they 2 Before Ephraim and Benjamin which pass by the way do pluck
and Manasseh stir up thy strength, her? + Heb. come and † come and save us.
13 The boar out of the wood doth 3 Turn us again, O God, and waste it, and the wild beast of the cause thy face to shine; and we shall field doth devour it.
14 Return, we beseech thee, O 4 0 LORD God of hosts, how God of hosts : look down from hea+ Heb. wilt long + wilt thou be angry against the ven, and behold, and visit this vine; prayer of thy people ?
15 And the vineyard which thy
man whom thou madest strong for
thee: quicken us, and we will call
of hosts, cause thy face to shine; and
the shadow of it, and the boughs 1. Heb...thereof were like + the goodly cethe cedars of
11 She sent out her boughs unto the sea, and her branches unto the river.
4 God challengeth that duty by reason of
concludes with earnest prayer to God for a continuance Lowth. of His goodness. Travell.
11. She sent out &c.] Signifying, that Israel exVer. 1. - thou that dwellest &c.] Thou that sittest tended its dominion from the Mediterranean sea to the enthroned above the ark of the covenant, shew us some river Euphrates. Dr. Wells. illustrious token of Thy presence. Travell.
13. The boar] By this figure, the Psalmist means to 2. Before Ephraim &c.] God is entreated to go represent the fierce and unrelenting persecutor of the forth, in His strength and His salvation, before the people of Israel. Bp. Horne. tribes of Israel, as formerly in the wilderness. Ephraim, 15. And the vineyard] “Even the plant.” Abp. Benjamin, and Manasseh, are particularly mentioned, Secker. perhaps, because, according to the established order, the branch] The family of David. Bp. Horne. those three tribes immediately followed the ark and The people of Israel. Rosenmüller. cherubim, the symbols of the Divine presence. See 17. — the man of thy right hand] That is, the people Numb. ii. 18, 24. Bp. Horne.
of Israel. Rosenmüller. Our prince. Mudge. The 3. Turn us again,] Restore us to our former hap- Messiah. Bp. Horne. piness. Bp. Patrick.
Let not the Christian church imagine, that the suffer5. Thou feedest &c.] That is, we are in continual ings complained of in this Psalm relate only to her sorrow and distress, and have no degree of comfort or elder sister. Greater mercies and more excellent gifts refreshment but our lamentations. Dr. Hammond. should excite in her greater thankfulness, and call forth
6. Thou makest us &c.] The meaning is, Our neigh- more excellent virtues; otherwise they will serve only to bours contend among themselves, who shall make the enhance her account, and multiply her sorrows. If she greatest prey of us, and we are become the scorn and sin, and fall after the same example of unbelief, she derision of our enemies. Travell, Bp. Patrick
must not think to be distinguished in her punishment, 8. Thou hast brought a vine &c.] The Psalmist, de- unless by the severity of it. Bp. Horne. scribing the people of Israel as a vine, has continued the metaphor, and happily drawn it out through a variety Psalm LXXXI. Throughout this Psalm appears an of additional circumstances. Among the many beau- exquisite union of sublimity and sweetness. It is an ties of this allegory, not the least graceful is that modes- ode composed for the feast of trumpets, (Levit. xxill. ty, with which he enters upon and concludes his sub-24,) in the first new moon of the civil year. The object, making an easy and gradual transition from plain Lject and end of this poem appears to be an exhortation to figurative language, and no less delicately receding I to obedience from the consideration of the paternal
their hearts, or, imagina
the fal of
An exhortation to praise God.
God exhorteth to obedience. To the chief Musician upon Git- | hearken to my voice; and Israel
tith, A Psalm || of Asaph. would none of me. SING aloud unto God our
12 So I gave them up || unto 5 Acts 14. 16. strength: make a joyful noise
ed in their own counsels. unto the God of Jacob.
13 Oh that my people had heark- tions. . 2 Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with
ened unto me, and Israel had walked
in my ways!
14 I should soon have subdued
their enemies, and turned my hand
15 The haters of the Lord should 4 For this was a statute for Israel, |
I have. | submitted themselves unto ! Or, yielded and a law of the God of Jacob.
him : but their time should have en- 'obedience. 5 This he ordained in Joseph for a
dured for ever. testimony, when he went out through
16 He should have fed them also | Oz, ezsinat. || the land of Egypt: where I heard
of with the finest of the wheat: and Heb. with a language that I understood not.
with honey out of the rock should I wheat. 6 I removed his shoulder from the
have satisfied thee. + Heb. burden: his hands + were delivered 7 Thou calledst in trouble, and I
T A Psalm || of Asaph.
u tion of the mighty; he judgeth
justly, and a accept the persons of the a Deut. 1. 17.
sesses sucy. from the pots.
b Prov. 24.
love, the beneficence, and the promises of the Deity; ning from the cloudy pillar. See Exod. xiv. 24, 25. and this is accomplished with wonderful art, elegance, Green. variety, and ingenuity. Bp. Lowth.
10. — open thy mouth wide, &c.] That is, I will satisfy Ver. 2.- the timbrel,] See the note on Exod. xv. 20. thy desires, be they ever so large. Mudge.
- the psaltery. See the note on Psalm xxxiii. 2. 15. — their time &c.] That is, the Israelites should 3. Blow up the trumpet &c.] In the Jewish church, have enjoyed a substantial and durable happiness. Bp. notice was given of feasts, jubilees, &c. by sound of Patrick. trumpet. All the new moons, or the beginnings of 16. — honey out of the rock] See the note on Deut. thonths, were observed in this manner: (see Numb. x. xxxii. 13. 2:; but on the September new moon, or first day of the This Psalm should incite us to pay our praises and seventh month of the ecclesiastical year, was kept the our homage to God in a most zealous and solemn mangreat festival, called “the feast of trumpets,” (Numb. ner. A duty this, which concerns no less all Christians, III. 1,) which, probably, is here intended. Bp. Horne. than it did the Jews; for, if God bestowed very consi
5. This he ordained &c.] This feast-day is a charge derable favours on the Jews by bringing them out of wheh He gave to Joseph, when he came out of the Egypt, and giving them His law, He hath done incomland of Egypt, where he heard a language which he parably greater things for us, in redeeming us by Jesus understood not. Joseph is here used collectively for Christ His Son, and giving us the knowledge of His the sons of Joseph, or rather for the Israelites, to whom Gospel. Ostervald. Joseph had been a father in the land of Egypt. Green.
6. I removed &c.] In this verse God reminds Israel Psalm LXXXII. ver. 1. God standeth &c.] God is at their redemption, by His mercy and power, from the present in the judicial assemblies, which He has apburdens and drudgery imposed on them in Egypt. Bp. pointed; and He will call the most powerful magistrates
| to account. The Hebrew word for “gods" is often 7. Tkou calledst &c.] That is, when the Egyptians applied to princes and magistrates, as representing, in talowed after thee into the Red sea, in answer to thy some degree, the power and majesty of God. Travell. prayers, I confounded them with thunder and light-1 2.- accept the persons &c.] That is, overlook the
hare been as arm to the children of
The confederacy of
ther with one + consent: they are + Heb. heart.
tants of Tyre;
of they have holpen the children of † Heb. they
dianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at
the brook of Kison:
racies. 9 A prayer against them that op- | became as dunor for the earth.
11 Make their nobles like · Oreb, Judges 7. | Or, for 9 A Song or Psalm || of Asaph. and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes
T EEP not thou silence, O God: as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:
selves the houses of God in posses-
wheel ; as the stubble before the
and as the flame setteth the mountains
a Judges 7.
merit of the cause, and give sentence according to your plain language, against those whom Thou protectest. respect or affection to the person. Poole.
Green. 5. They know not, &c.] They will not study the laws 6. The tabernacles &c.] The Edomites and Ishmaelof God, but are blinded by bribes; so that the very ites, who dwell in tents, are engaged in this enterprise, foundations of the kingdom, which are truth and jus- and so are the Moabites, and others descended from tice, are utterly shaken and confounded. Bp. Patrick. | Hagar, the mother of Ishmael. Bp. Patrick.
6. I have said, Ye are gods ;] I have given you my 7. Gebal,] Some place Gebal in Phenicia near Tyre; authority, and even put my name upon you, John x. 34, and others in the mountainous country beyond Jordan. 35. Bp. Wilson.
Rosenmüller. 7. - and fall like &c.] And ye shall fall, Oye princes, 8. Assur.] The Assyrians. Dr. Wells. like any other man. Gataker, Rosenmüller, Dimock. This determines the date of this Psalm to the latter
8. - judge the earth: &c.] Vindicate mankind from times of the Jewish kingdom; for the other nations these impious judges, for Thou hast the rightful domi- here mentioned had molested them before ; but the nion over all nations. Travell.
Assyrians not till towards the end. Dr. Wall. All magistrates should derive from this Psalm the in. 12. — the houses of God] That land wherein God struction, that it is their duty to do right to all, without was pleased to dwell among the Israelites. Bp. Patrick. respect of persons, and especially to protect the weak 13. — like a wheel ;] Rather, like the chaff whirled and innocent when oppressed. To this end, they should about. See Isai. xvii. 13. Bp. Lowth, Abp. Secker. remember that, although they are now placed above 14, 15. As the fire &c.] Let their destruction be as others, yet they must die one day like the rest of man- sudden and violent, as the effect of lightning on the kind, and must then appear before the one Supreme trees of the forest; or as the devouring flame on the Judge, to give an account of all that they have done. parched grass that grows on the mountains. Travell, Ostervald.
The punishments inflicted by Heaven upon wicked
men are primarily intended to humble and convert Psalm LXXXIII. Several of the neighbouring na them. If they continue incorrigible under every distions being gathered together to make war against the pensation of merciful severity, they are at last cut off, Israelites, the Prophet entreats the Lord in this Psalm, and finally destroyed; that others, admonished by their to destroy those nations, as He had formerly destroyed example, may repent, and return, and give glory to God. the kings that assaulted their forefathers. Green. Salutary are the afflictions which bring men, and happy
Ver. 3. - against thy hidden ones.] Hebrew, “ against the men who are brought by them, to an acknowledge Thy treasured ones,” that is, against those whom Thou ment of “ Jehovah our righteousness,” our exalted and hidest in the secret place of Thy tabernacle; or, in more glorified Redeemer, “The Most High over all the
The blessedness of God's service. PSALMS. The prophet prayeth to be restored unto it.
16 Fill their faces with shame ; 1 5 Blessed is the man whose strength that they may seek thy name, o is in thee; in whose heart are the LORD.
ways of them. 17 Let them be confounded and 6 Who passing through the valley troubled for ever; yea, let them bell of Baca make it a well; the rain || Or, of
mulberry put to shame, and perish :
also + filleth the pools.
him a well, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, strength, every one of them in Zion + Hleb. art the most high over all the earth. appeareth before God.
8 O Lord God of hosts, hear my PSALM LXXXIV.
company. 1 The prophet, longing for the communion of prayer: give ear, O God of Jacob.
the sanctuary, 4 sheweth how blessed they Selah.
look upon the face of thine anointed.
10 For a day in thy courts is bet| Or, of. tith, A Psalm || for the sons of ter than a thousand. '+ I had rather + Heb. I Korah.
be a doorkeeper in the house of my rather to sit UTOW amiable are thy tabernacles, God, than to dwell in the tents of the rest
threshold. LI O Lord of hosts!
wickedness. 2 My soul longeth, yea, even 11 For the Lord God is a sun fainteth for the courts of the LORD : and shield: the LORD will give grace my heart and my Aesh crieth out for and glory : a no good thing will he a Ps. 31. 9, the living God.
withhold from them that walk up."
1 The psalmist, out of the experience of former
mercies, prayeth for the continuance thereof. thy house : they will be still praising
8 He promiseth to wait thereon, out of thee. Selah.
confidence of God's goodness. earth;" whom all must acknowledge, and before whom which is this, that the Israelites, or some of them, all must appear to be judged, in the great and terrible passed, in their way to Jerusalem, through a valley that day. Bp. Horne.
had the name of “Baca,” a noun derived from a verb,
wbich signifies to “weep;" that in this valley they were Psalm LXXXIV. It is uncertain to what particular refreshed by plenty of water ; that with renewed vigour time this beautiful composition relates : the author of they proceeded from stage to stage, until they presented it, under the figure of an Israelite, deprived of all access themselves before God in Zion. Bp. Horne. to Jerusalem and the sanctuary, laments his banish- 9.- of thine anointed.] He prays for the king as ment from the assemblies of the faithful, describes the the person in whom the prosperity of his country was happiness of those who are blessed with opportunities enwrapped: he was the “shield” and protection of it of frequenting God's house, and beseeches God to make under God. See Ps. lxxxix. 18, and xlvii. 9. Mudge. him a partaker of that happiness. Travell.
11.- a sun and shield: A light, a glory, and deVer. 3. Yea, the sparrow &c.] The Psalmist is gene- fence. Bp. Wilson. rally supposed in this verse to lament his unhappiness in There cannot be a greater resemblance to the joys of being deprived of all access to the tabernacle or temple, heaven in any pleasure or happiness that we can enjoy a privilege enjoyed even by the birds, who were allowed to in this world, than in that tranquillity of mind and conbuild their nests in the neighbourhood of the sanctuary. science which naturally attends and accompanies our It is evidently the design of this passage to intimate to fervent devotions to God Almighty; when we have us, that in the house, and at the altar of God, a faithful deposited all our wishes with Him, and submitted and soul findeth freedom from care and sorrow, quiet of mind, resigned all our desires to Him. Nor can there be a and gladness of spirit; like a bird that has secured a more lively representation upon earth, of the court and little mansion, for the reception and education of her company of heaven, than in the assemblies and congreyoung. And there is no heart, endued with sensibility, gations of religious and pious men pouring out their which does not bear its testimony to the exquisite beauty prayers, and celebrating the praises of their Creator and and propriety of this affecting image. Bp. Horne. | Redeemer. Lord Clarendon.
- the swallow] Rather, the dove. Bp. Lowth, Merrick.
Psalm LXXXV. In celebrating the return of the 5.- in whose heart &c.] The meaning seems to be, Jews from the Babylonish captivity, the Psalmist is "whose heart is bent on travelling the ways to Thy carried by a prophetick impulse to foretell a much temple.” Green, Merrick.
greater deliverance by the coming of Christ. Dimock. 6,7. Who passing &c.] After many uncertain con- This Psalm is appointed by the Church to be used on jectures offered by commentators upon the construction Christmas-day, when we celebrate the deliverance of of these two verses, it seems impossible for us to attain mankind from the captivity of sin, and the introduction to any other than a general idea of their true import; into the world of mercy and truth, righteousness and