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Ordinances for the people.

EZEKIEL. An order for the prince's inheritance Before blemish, and six lambs, and a ram : offering unto the Lord of a lamb +of Before 574. they shall be without blemish. the first year without blemish : thou 574.

7 And he shall prepare a meat shalt prepare it † every morning. + offering, an ephah for a bullock, and 14 And thou shalt prepare a meat of his year. an ephah for a ram, and for the lambs offering for it every morning, the morning by according as his hand shall attain unto, sixth part of an ephah, and the third morning. and an hin of oil to an ephah. part of an hin of oil, to temper with

8 And when the prince shall enter, the fine flour; a meat offering conti-
he shall go in by the way of the porch nually by a perpetual ordinance unto
of that gate, and he shall go forth by the Lord.
the way thereof.

| 15 Thus shall they prepare the
99 But when the people of the land lamb, and the meat offering, and the
shall come before the Lord in the oil, every morning for a continual
solemn feasts, he that entereth in by burnt offering.
the way of the north gate to worship 16 | Thus saith the Lord God;
shall go out by the way of the south If the prince give a gift unto any of
gate; and he that entereth by the way his sons, the inheritance thereof shall
of the south gate shall go forth by the be his sons'; it shall be their posses-
way of the north gate: he shall not sion by inheritance.
return by the way of the gate where- 17 But if he give a gift of his in-
by he came in, but shall go forth over heritance to one of his servants, then
against it.

it shall be his to the year of liberty;
10 And the prince in the midst of after it shall return to the prince:
them, when they go in, shall go in; but his inheritance shall be his sons'
and when they go forth, shall go for them.

18 Moreover the prince shall not
11 And in the feasts and in the take of the people's inheritance by
solemnities the meat offering shall be oppression, to thrust them out of their
an ephah to a bullock, and an ephah | possession; but he shall give his sons
to a ram, and to the lambs as he is inheritance out of his own possession:
able to give, and an hin of oil to an that my people be not scattered every

man from his possession.
* 12 Now when the prince shall pre 19 9 After he brought me through
pare a voluntary burnt offering or the entry, which was at the side of
peace offerings voluntarily unto the the gate, into the holy chambers of
Lord, one shall then open him the the priests, which looked toward the
gate that looketh toward the east, and north : and, behold, there was a place
he shall prepare his burnt offering on the two sides westward.
and his peace offerings, as he did on 20 Then said he unto me, This is
the sabbath day : then he shall go the place where the priests shall boil
forth; and after his going forth one the trespass offering and the sin offer-
shall shut the gate.

ing, where they shall bake the meat
13 Thou shalt daily prepare a burnt offering; that they bear them not out

8.- of that gate,] Of the eastern gate. To enter year of jubilee ; see note at Lev, xxv. 10. The power by this gate was the privilege of the prince and priests given to the prince in the former verse of alienating to only ; see ver. 2. W. Lowth.

his sons is entirely new. Calmet. io. And the prince in the midst &c.] The prince shall - shall be his sons for them.] It shall be theirs, observe the same times of My service with My people, so as not to be alienated. W. Lowth. both for his coming in and for his going forth. Bp. 18. the prince shall not take &c.] i Kings xxi. 16; Hall,

compare chap. xlv. 8. W. Lowth. 12.-a voluntary burnt offering) See Lev, xxii, 18, 19. - behold, there was a place on the two sides west21. The gate which was shut the whole week shall be ward.] Or, on their sides westward ; that is, there open to the prince when he makes a voluntary offering. was an inclosure on the west sides of these chambers. Calmet.

| W. Lowth. 14. the sixth part of an ephah, and the third part of 20. bake the meat offering :] Levit. ii. 4, 5, 7. W. an hin of oil,] In Numb. xxviii. 5, the proportion Lowth. required is the tenth part of an ephah of flour, and the that they bear them not out] That they bear fourth part of an hin of oil. W. Lowth. On account them not into the outer court, where the people are of this difference, this offering should be understood allowed to assemble, since this privilege of these holy of the prince. Abp. Newcome.

services rests in their own persons. Bp. Hall. See 17. it shall be his to the year of liberty ;] The chap. xliv. 19, and Lev. vi. 26.


into sue

the way northward, and he virtue of them

+ Heb. a court in a

court in a


of the ancles.

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The vision of the holy waters. CHAP. XLVI, XLVII. Beforer into the utter court, to sanctify the way of the gate northward, and led me Before people.

about the way without unto the utter. 574. 21 Then he brought me forth into gate by the way that looketh eastthe utter court, and caused me toward ; and, behold, there ran out pass by the four corners of the court; waters on the right side.

and, behold, t in every corner of the 3 And when the man that had corner of a court there was a court.

the line in his hand went forth court, and a 22 In the four corners of the court | eastward, he measured a thousand corner oj a there were courts | joined of forty cubits, and he brought me through | Or, made cubits long and thirty broad: these the waters; the † waters were to the + Heb. waters "** four † corners were of one measure. ancles.

23 And there was a row of building 4 Again he measured a thousand,
round about in them, round about and brought me through the waters;
them four, and it was made with boil- the waters were to the knees. Again
ing places under the rows round he measured a thousand, and brought

me through; the waters were to the
24 Then said he unto me, These loins.
are the places of them that boil, where 5 Afterward he measured a thou-
the ministers of the house shall boil sand; and it was a river that I could
the sacrifice of the people.

not pass over : for the waters were

risen, 4. waters to swim in, a river that Heb. waters CHAP. XLVII. could not be passed over.

6 | And he said unto me, Son of
1 The vision of the holy waters. 6 The man, "hast thous

man, hast thou seen this? Then he
virtue of them. 13 The borders of the
land. 22 T'he division of it by lot.

brought me, and caused me to return

to the brink of the river. AFTERWARD he brought me 7 Now when I had returned, beH again unto the door of the house; hold, at the + bank of the river were + Heb. lip. and, behold, waters issued out from very many a trees on the one side and a Rev. 22. 2. under the threshold of the house east- on the other. ward : for the forefront of the house 8 Then said he unto me, These stood toward the east, and the waters waters issue out toward the east came down from under from the right country, and go down into the || de- | Or, plain. side of the house, at the south side of sert, and go into the sea : which being the altar.

brought forth into the sea, the waters 2 The n brought he me out of the shall be healed.

of swimming.

23. — a row of building] On the inside of these other prophecies, the gradual increase of this new discourts. W. Lowth.

pensation is beautifully represented by the growth of a 24. the ministers of the house) Probably the Levites, tender plant. See Ezek. xvii. 22, 23. And here again or inferiour ministers. The former sacrifices were the several steps of this growth are pointed out to us boiled by the priests in the court properly belonging | by the same Prophet Ezekiel, under the image of a to them; see chap. xl. 45, and note. W. Lowth. stream receiving continual accessions in its progress.

The waters were at first extremely shallow, reaching Chap. XLVII. ver. 1. - the door of the house ;7 The only “to the ancles.” At the next ford they came up door of the temple, which is described, chap. xli. 2. “to the knees;" afterwards “to the Joins ;” and at last W. Lowth.

they were risen to a great height; "waters to swim in, - waters issued out from under the threshold a river that could not be passed over :" see verses 3eastward :] There was a great quantity of water ne 5. The increasing blessings of the Messiah's kingcessary for the uses of the temple, for washing the dom are wont to be expressed under the figure of waters bodies of those that officiated, as well as the sacrifices in prophetick language; see Isai. xxxv. 6, 7: and elsewhich they offered; this was conveyed in pipes under where the same figure is used with a peculiar resemground from the fountain Etam. These waters gave blance to this place; see Joel üïi. 18. Such a sense occasion to the vision here related. Dr. Lightfoot, w. also best suits that healing and beneficial influence Lowth.

attributed to these sanctified waters, which are said to The progressive establishment of the Messiah's king | have power to “heal the waters of the sea," and to give dom is declared by some of the later Prophets under life wherever they flow; “every thing shall live whither the most striking and lively representations. In Ne the river cometh.” And of the trees nourished by buchadnezzar's dream, related by the Prophet Daniel, this stream it is said, that “their leaf should not fade, and by him expounded of successive kingdoms, that nor their fruit be consumed; but their fruit should be last kingdom set up by the God of heaven was at first for meat, and their leaf for medicine,” verses 8–12. no more than “a stone,” but “it became a great moun- | Bp. Bagot. tain, and filled the whole earth,” Dan. ii. 34, 35. In 8. – the waters shall be healed.] This finely repre




he trivell be a very Thill inherit the lasrael: Jose

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The virtue of the holy waters.


The borders of the land. Before 9 And it shall come to pass, that fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the Before 574.every thing that liveth, which moveth, leaf thereof || for medicine. - whithersoever the + rivers shall come, 13 I Thus saith the Lord God;

on. shall live: and there shall be a very This shall be the border, whereby ye bruises and great multitude of fish, because these shall inherit the land according to the 5 Rev. 22. 2. waters shall come thither : for they twelve tribes of Israel: Joseph shall shall be healed; and every thing shall have two portions. live whither the river cometh.

14 And ye shall inherit it, one as 10 And it shall come to pass, that well as another: concerning the which the fishers shall stand upon it from I || lifted up mine hand to give it ! Or, swore, En-gedi even unto En-eglaim; they unto your fathers : and this land shall & 17. 8. & 26 shall be a place to spread forth nets; fall unto you for inheritance. their fish shall be according to their 15 And this shall be the border of kinds, as the fish of the great sea, ex- the land toward the north side, from ceeding many.

the great sea, the way of Hethlon, as
11 But the miry places thereof men go to Zedad;
! Or, and and the marishes thereof || shall not L 16 Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim,

be healed; they shall be given to which is between the border of Da-

mascus and the border of Hamath;
12 And by the river upon the bank || Hazar-hatticon, which is by the IOT,...,

thereof, on this side and on that side, coast of Hauran.
+ Heb. shall + shall grow all trees for meat, whose 17 And the border from the sea

leaf shall not fade, neither shall the shall be Hazar-enan, the border of
fruit thereof be consumed: it shall Damascus, and the north northward,
bring forth || new fruit according to and the border of Hamath. And this
his months, because their waters they is the north side.
issued out of the sanctuary: and the 18 And the east side ye shall mea-

| Or, and that which shall not be healed.

the middle village.

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|| Or, principal.

sents the tendency of the Gospel to heal the corrup- that which follows in the next chapter, would probably tions of human nature. Abp. Newcome.

| have taken place, if the whole of the ten tribes, as well 10. - the fishers] The mention of fishers does in- as those of Judah and Benjamin, had turned themselves deed appear to determine this increase of religious know- to God; for by this means they also would have obledge and practice to Christianity. Our Saviour Christ tained permission to return: but since a few only betold His disciples, that He would make them “ fishers longing to the other tribes returned, and were conof men,” Matt. iv. 19. Abp. Secker, W. Lowth. founded with those of Judah and Benjamin, they ob

from En-gedi] See the note on 1 Sam. xxii. tained settlements in common with them. Grotius. 29.

But there is without question a mystical sense implied -- unto En-eglaim :) This city is placed by some under this literal description. W. Lowth. at the north of the Dead sea, where the Jordan runs -- Joseph shall have two portions. See Gen. xlvii. into it. Eglaim is inentioned, Isai. xv. 8, as a place on 5; 1 Chron. v. 1. the borders of Moab, which country ran on the east of 14. — one as well as another :] Under Joshua the the Dead sea. Abp. Newcome.

lots were proportioned to the numbers in each tribe. -- as the fish of the great sea,] Of the great Me- This mysterious equality shews perhaps, that in the diterranean sea; see Josh. xxiii. 4, and chap. xlviii. 28. Church of Christ there should be no distinction beThe fish on the coasts of Judea and Phenicia are very twixt the Jew and the Gentile. Calmet. abundant. Harmer.

15. — Hethlon.] Mentioned again chap. xlviii. 1. 11.- the miry places) The Dead sea shall preserve | De L'Isle writes it Hethalon, and places it between its salt and bitter qualities on its shores and in its Tyre and Damascus. Abp. Newcome, W. Lowth. Zedad marshes, where the waters become stagnant. Calmet. is written Sedada in De L'Isle, and placed east of The allegorical sense is, that some shall reject the Gos- Hethlon, nearly in the same latitude. “The northern pel, and some receive it without obeying it. Abp. New-| border of the land was to begin from the west point, come. Saltness is equivalent to barrenness in the Hebrew on which side lay the Mediterranean sea, and so on language; see Ps. cvii. 34; Deut. xxix. 23; Judges ix. northward towards Hethlon, and so on forward to 45. W. Lowth.

Zedad ;" mentioned Numb. xxxiv. 8. W. Lowth. 12. — for meat,] For food.

'16. Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim,] Concerning Ha-- whose leaf shall not fade,] They shall be like math, see the note on Isai. x. 9. The other two the trees of paradise, never barren or withering ; towns were situate between Hamath and Damascus. a proper emblem of the flourishing state of the W. Lowth. righteous still bringing forth fruit unto holiness, and - Hauran.] The city Aurana, and the district whose end is everlasting life, Ps. i. 3; Jer. xvii. 8. W. Auranitis, are in the northeast border of the Holy Land. Lowth.

Reland, Abp. Newcome. -- new fruit according to his months, &c.] It shall 17. And the border from the sea shall be] The north be constantly fruitful; see Rev. xxii. 1, 2. From ver. border eastward is ascertained, ver. 15, 16. Here it 1. to ver. 12. we have one of the most striking allego- is shewn how far it extends itself northward. Abp. ries in the Hebrew Scriptures. Abp. Newcome.

Newcome. 13. — This shall be the border,] This allotment, and — Hazar-enan,] The village of Enam; see Numb.



+ Heb. from between.

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The division of the land by lot. CHAP. XLVII, XLVIII. The portions of the twelve tribes.

sr sure + from Hauran, and from Da- | N OW these are the names of the Before

mascus, and from Gilead, and from IV tribes. From the north end to. 574.
the land of Israel by Jordan, from the the coast of the way of Hethlon, as
border unto the east sea. And this one goeth to Hamath, Hazar-enan,
is the east side.

the border of Damascus northward,
19 And the south side southward, to the coast of Hamath ; for these are

from Tamar even to the waters of his sides east and west ; a portion for
h || strife in Kadesh, the || river to the Dan.
|| Or, valley. great sea. And this is the south side 2 And by the border of Dan, from
| Or, toward || southward.

the east side unto the west side, a
20 The west side also shall be the portion for Asher.
great sea from the border, till a man 3 And by the border of Asher,
come over against Hamath. This is from the east side even unto the west
the west side.

side, a portion for Naphtali.
21 So shall ye divide this land 4 And by the border of Naphtali,
unto you according to the tribes of from the east side unto the west side,

a portion for Manasseh.
22 I And it shall come to pass, 15 And by the border of Manasseh,
that ye shall divide it by lot for an from the east side unto the west side,
inheritance unto you, and to the a portion for Ephraim.
strangers that sojourn among you, 6 And by the border of Ephraim,
which shall beget children among from the east side even unto the west
you: and they shall be unto you as side, a portion for Reuben.
born in the country among the chil- 7 And by the border of Reuben,
dren of Israel; they shall have inhe- from the east side even unto the west
ritance with you among the tribes of side, a portion for Judah.

8 And by the border of Judah,
23 And it shall come to pass, that from the east side unto the west side,
in what tribe the stranger sojourneth, shall be the offering which ye shall
there shall ye give him his inherit- | offer of five and twenty thousand
ance, saith the Lord God.

reeds in breadth, and in length as one CHAP. XLVIII.

of the other parts, from the east side

unto the west side: and the sanctuary
1, 23 The portions of the twelve tribes, 8 of shall be in the midst of it.

the sanctuary, 15 of the city and suburbs,
21 and of the prince.

9 The oblation that ye shall offer
30 The dimensions
of the city.

unto the LORD shall be of five and


xxxiv. 9; where it is mentioned in the description of such an extension and enlargement of the Christian the northern limits of the promised land.

Church, as that it shall reach all the world over, even 18.— from the land of Israel by Jordan,] From the from one end of the world to the other. Bp. Hall. northern limits of the land of Israel, ver. 17, near Cesarea or Dan, where the Jordan takes its rise, unto the Chap. XLVIII. ver. 1.– From the north end &c.]

ad sea, or the lake of Sodom; see ver. 8. W. Having given a general description of the boundaries Lowth.

of the Holy Land, the Prophet now proceeds to state 19. And the south side southward, from Tamar) The the limits of each tribe, beginning as before from the southern frontier shall be from “En-gedi,” called | north. Calmet. Hazazon-tamar,” 2 Chron. xx. 2, to the waters of

for these are his sides] These are his limits from Meribah, or strife, in Kadesh, Deut. xxxii. 51; and the east point near mount Libanus and Gilead, to the from thence to the river of Egypt. Dr. Lightfoot, west point, which is bounded by the Mediterranean W. Lowth.

sea; see chap. xlvii. 13. W. Lowth. 20. — from the border,] The south border mentioned 8. And by the border of Judah, &c.] Between the in the foregoing verse. W. Lowth.

portions of Judah and Benjamin, and immediately south - till a man come over against Hamath.7 Or rather, of that of Judah, shall be the offering set apart for the till a man come to Hamath, the northern point towards service of God, chap. xlv. 1. W. Lowth. the west frontier. W. Lowth.

--five and twenty thousand reeds The word “reeds”. 22.- and to the strangers &c.] Foreigners before never is not in the original either here or in chap. xlv. l; had the privilege of purchasing or possessing any in- and many prefer to understand the measure in both heritance among the Jews; so this mystically imports places of cubits; see note there. W. Lowth. the incorporating of the Gentiles into the same Church -- as one of the other parts,] As one of the porwith the Jews, making them “ fellow-heirs, and of the tions given to the arljoining tribes. Abp. Newcome, same body" with them “by the Gospel,” Ephes. iii. 6. Calmet. . W. Lowth. There is no reason to believe that this pri- 9. The oblation that ye shall offer unto the Lord] For vilege was ever granted under Zerubbabel. Calmet. | His sanctuary and priests; see chap. xlv. 1, 3, 4. Abp. From ver. 15 to the end of the chapter is prefigured Newcome.




priestra the "ength, and breadthool in some

west ten the length, and and twenty / city shall be in for sul

U Or, The sanctified

be for the

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The portions of the sanctuary,


of the city and suburbs. cu Before , twenty thousand in length, and of ten the five and twenty thousand, shall c Beforest thousand in breadth.

be a profane place for the city, for 574." 10 And for them, even for the dwelling, and for suburbs: and the priests, shall be this holy oblation; city shall be in the midst thereof. toward the north five and twenty 16 And these shall be the meathousand in length, and toward the sures thereof; the north side four west ten thousand in breadth, and thousand and five hundred, and the toward the east ten thousand in south side four thousand and five hunbreadth, and toward the south five dred, and on the east side four thouand twenty thousand in length: and sand and five hundred, and the west the sanctuary of the Lord shall be side four thousand and five hundred. in the midst thereof.

17 And the suburbs of the city 11 || It shall be for the priests that shall be toward the north two hunportion shall are sanctified of the sons of Zadok; dred and fifty, and toward the south priests." which have kept my || charge, which two hundred and fifty, and toward the

ce went not astray when the children of east two hundred and fifty, and to

Israel went astray, as the Levites ward the west two hundred and fifty.
went astray.

18 And the residue in length over
12 And this oblation of the land against the oblation of the holy por-
that is offered shall be unto them a tion shall be ten thousand eastward,
thing most holy by the border of the and ten thousand westward : and it

shall be over against the oblation of
13 And over against the bor- the holy portion; and the increase
der of the priests the Levites shall thereof shall be for food unto them
have five and twenty thousand in that serve the city.
length, and ten thousand in breadth : 19 And they that serve the city
all the length shall be five and twenty shall serve it out of all the tribes of
thousand, and the breadth ten thou- Israel,

| 20 All the oblation shall be five
14 And they shall not sell of it, and twenty thousand by five and
neither exchange, nor alienate the twenty thousand : ye shall offer the
firstfruits of the land : for it is holy holy oblation foursquare, with the
unto the LORD,

possession of the city.
15 | And the five thousand, that 21 4 And the residue shall be for
are left in the breadth over against the prince, on the one side and on the

10. - toward the north five and twenty thousand in fifty cubits on each of the four sides make five hundred length, &c.] See the plan, chap. xlv.

cubits in breadth, and five hundred in length, W. Lowth. il.the sons of Zadok ;) See chap. xliv. 10–15. I 18. And the residue in length shall be ten thousand

- as the Levites went astray.] Ör, as the other &c.] These two dimensions of ten thousand in length, Levites went astray: many of these had defiled them- both eastward and westward, remain on each side of the selves with idolatry, for which crime they were to be area set apart for the site of the city. W. Lowth. degraded; see chap. xliv. 10, 11, and note. W. Lowth. -- over against Beside, or parallel to; see the

12.- by the border of the Levites.] It shall lie next plan. W. Lowth. " to the portion of the Levites, which lay southward be | 19.- serve the city] Perform burdensome offices of tween the priests and the cities' portion ; see the plan. publick utility, whether of a higher or a lower kind. W. Lowth.

| Abp. Newcome, W. Lowth. 13. — over against the border] Or, just by the border 20. five and twenty thousand by fire and twenty of the priests; the words import that the border of the thousand :) This square is composed of five rightLevites ran parallel to that of the priests. W. Lowth. angled parallelograms or rectangles ; namely, that for

14. the firstfruits] It is styled an oblation, ver. 8 the priests, ver. 9, twenty-five thousand by ten thouand 12; see note on chap. xlv. i. W. Lowth.

sand ; that for the Levites, ver. 13, twenty-five thou15. And the five thousand, that are left] See chap. sand by ten thousand; that for the city and suburbs, xly. 6, and the plan.

five thousand by five thousand, ver. 16, 17; and two of — and the city shall be in the midst thereof.] A ten thousand by five thousand, one on each side of the square of four thousand five hundred cubits shall be square, ver. 18 : see the plan, chap. xlv. Abp. Newtaken for the city, in the centre of the square of five come. thousand cubits to the south of the Levites' portion. - with the possession of the city. That parcel of W. Lowth. According to Josephus, Jerusalem was the ground for the city being taken into the measure. about seven miles in circuit, which the square here de- Bp. Hall. scribed does not greatly exceed. Abp. Newcome. I 21. And the residue shall be - toward the east border,

17. And the suburbs of the cityl These dimensions &c.] The portion of the prince ran eastward to the of the suburbs, added to those of the city, make up the Jordan or the Dead sea, and westward to the Great whole square of five thousand cubits; two hundred and sea ; retaining its breadth of twenty-five thousand

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