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The chambers and
ornaments of the temple. Before. 9 The thickness of the wall, which , by all the wall round about within Before 574., was for the side chamber without, and without, by + measure.
was five cubits: and that which was 18 And it was made with cheru- .
tree was between a cherub and a
19 So that the face of a man was
12 Now the building that was be- the door were cherubims and palm
13 So he measured the house, an the appearance of the other.
and the length thereof, and the walls
15 And he measured the length of 23 And the temple and the sancthe building over against the separate tuary had two doors.
place which was behind it, and the 24 And the doors had two leaves | Or, several ll galleries thereof on the one side apiece, two turning leaves; two leaves
and on the other side, an hundred for the one door, and two leaves for
25 And there were made on them,
round about, || and from the ground 26 And there were narrow windows | Or, and the
nibe up to the windows, and the windows and palm trees on the one side and the windows. were covered;
on the other side, on the sides of the
-- -- -----9. — and that which was left] Or the void space. presented as measuring each an hundred cubits. W.
11. — were toward the place that was left,] The doors Lowth. of the side chambers opened into this void space or 16. — and the windows were covered ;] With lattices, gallery, one northward and another southward. W. or curtains, or both. Abp. Newcome. Lowth, Abp. Newcome.
18. And it was made with cherubims &c.) On the in12. – the separate place] By this most understand side of the house the walls were adorned with carved the temple proper. Abp. Newcome.
work of cherubim and palm trees as in Solomon's tem14. — the breadth of the face of the house,] The whole ple; see 1 Kings vi. 29. W. Lowth. temple with the porch and walls was a hundred cubits - two faces;] Which appeared ; the other two (of in length westward. W. Lowth.
the ox and the eagle) being supposed below the plain. 15. And he measured the length of the building over The cherubim had each four faces; see chap. i. vi. W. against the separate place which was behind it,] Noldius | Lowth. translates this sentence more clearly thus ; * And he 22. — the walls thereof,] The sides. W. Lowth. measured the length of the building which was before - This is the table that is before the Lord.] Comthe separate place, and that which was behind it.” Abp. pare chap. xliv. 16. The words “ altar” and “table” Newcome. The east and west sides having been mea- are used promiscuously; see Heb. xiii. 10; where by sured before, the north and south sides are here re- '« altar” the Apostle means “table." Abp. Newcome.
walks, or, walks with pillars.
the buildina f. and which was before separate place, and over against the
The chambers for the priests, CHAP. XLII.
and the use thereof. cubits: and, lo, before the temple Before CHAP. XLII.
were an hundred cubits.
9 And || from under these cham-,
thereof. 19 The measures of the outward L
os ang "cooth ini, tham fanm oh I Or, he that
from the brought me. court. utter court.
1. Or, as he THEN he brought me forth into 10 The chambers were in the
1 the utter court, the way toward thickness of the wall of the court
11 Ănd the way before them was
as they, and as broad as they: and all
the chambers that were toward the
into them. 5 Now the upper chambers were 13 | Then said he unto me, The | Or, did eat shorter: for the galleries || were higher north chambers and the south chami or, and the than these, || than the lower, and than bers, which are before the separate
- the middlemost of the building. place, they be holy chambers, where lower and the 6 For they were in three stories, the priests that approach unto the
but had not pillars as the pillars of LORD shall eat the most holy things:
7 And the wall that was without fering; for the place is holy.
they shall lay their garments wherein
sisted of the
Chap. XLII. ver. 1. -- the utter court] Utter with temple he observes the dimensions of the east front; respect to the temple itself; the court of the priests is see chap. xli. 14. Calmet, W. Lowth. meant. Houbigant, Abp. Newcome, Calmet.
10. — in the thickness of the wall] In the breadth of 4. — a way of one cubit ;] This some understand of the wall; that is, in the breadth of ground which that an entrance at each end of the cloister. W. Lowth. I wall enclosed. W. Lowth.
5. Now the upper chambers were shorter : &c.] The 11. And the way before them] The alley or way of ten marginal reading is to be preferred; the sense of which cubits within the chambers; see ver. 4. Calmet. is, "for the galleries did abate of these;" that is, took 13. — they be holy chambers,] The shewbread, the of these more than of the lowest and middlemost part of remainder of the meat offering, sin offering, and tresthe building. The reason of this is assigned in the pass offering, are expressly called the most holy things, next verse. W. Lowth, Abp. Newcome.
Lev. vi. 14, 17; xxiv. 9; Numb. xviii. 9; and are dis6. — had not pillars) To support the galleries or tinguished from the holy things, such as are the peace balconies; the two upper stories had balconies standing offerings, first fruits, and tithes, Lev. xxi. 22. These out of them, the breadth of which was taken out of were to be eaten within the precincts of the temple by the rooms themselves, and this made them so much the same laws. W. Lowth. the narrower, because the weight of the balconies was 14. When the priests enter therein,] Within the inner not supported by pillars, as the rooms over the cloisters court, chap. xliv. 17. W. Lowth. of the outward court were, but only by the wall. W. - then shall they not go out of the holy place into Louth.
the utter court, Moses had given the same direction, in 8. — and, lo, before the temple were an hundred cubits.] saying, that the high priest and the inferior priests The angel conducts the Prophet from the north side of should use their dress of ceremony when they entered the court to the south side, and in passing before the into the tabernacle to perform their functions; insi
forth toward the east, noise of with his globaccording.ch I saw,
side, five even according the vision which to the b Chap.
city should be
The measures of the outward court. EZEKIEL. God's glory cometh into the temple. Before
approach to those things which are for ' AFTERWARD he brought me Before CHRIST the people.
A to the gate, even the gate that 574. 15 Now when he had made an end looketh toward the east : of measuring the inner house, he 2 And, behold, the glory of the brought me forth toward the gate God of Israel came from the way of whose prospect is toward the east, the east: and his voice was like a and measured it round about
noise of many a waters : and the earth a Chap. 1. 21. + Heb. wind. 16 He measured the east + side shined with his glory.
with the measuring reed, five hundred 3 And it was baccording to the b Chap. 1. 4.
even according to the vision that I saw
destroyed : 18 He measured the south side, five I fell upon my face.
into the house by the way of the
5 So the spirit took me up, and
stood by me.
7 And he said unto me, Son of
temple. 7 The sin of Israel hindered God's place of the soles of my feet where
| I will dwell in the midst of the chil-
name, shall the house of Israel no nuating thereby, that in other places they should not mountain on the east side of the city, chap. xi. 23. W. wear it, Exod. xxviii. 43. Calmet.
Lowth. 15. — the inner house,] The temple itself; compare 3. — when I came to destroy the city :7 When I was chap. xli. 15. W. Lowth.
transported in vision to Jerusalem, to foretell the de16. He measured the east side with the measuring reed, struction of the city. Calmet. See the note on Jer. i. five hundred reeds,] These are the measures of the holy 10. mountain or area upon which the temple stood; it is an 4. — came into the house) To shew that God would exact square. Capellus is of opinion, that instead of again accept that place and its sacred rites, and afford “ five hundred reeds,” we ought to read “ five hundred the Jews His protection. Grotius. cubits ;” and this reading is supported by the Septua 5. — and, behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house, gint, by St. Jerome, by the Jewish authors themselves, The glory, or the symbol of the Divine presence, enby all the interpreters, and by the actual size of the holy tered into the temple and settled there, as it did when mountain. The smaller cubit is probably here in- it was finished by Solomon, 1 kings viii. 10, 11. W. tended. Calmet.
Lowth. 20. — it had a wall round about, ] This was the 7. - the place of my throne, &c.] Here is the place outermost wall, to defend it from being invaded or of My throne, &c. The cherubim were God's throne, profaned: compare Rev. xxi. 17. Abp. Newcome, W. from whence He is said to sit between the cherubim, Lowth.
and the ark was His footstool, Ps. xcix. 1, 5. Calmet, - between the sanctuary and the profane place.] W. Lowth. By the “sanctuary" is here meant, the whole compass - where I will dwell in the midst of the children of of ground which was the precincts of the temple, else- Israel for ever,] See Ps. lxviii. 16. This promise is to where called the “ holy mountain;" see chap. xliii. 12; be understood like those formerly made upon the conin comparison of which Jerusalem itself, though upon dition of their obedience, but it is eminently fulfilled in several accounts styled “ the holy city," was esteemed Christ, in whom all the prophecies of the Old Testament but as profane or unconsecrated ground; see chap. are to have their final accomplishment. Zechariah proxlviii. 15. W. Lowth.
phesies of the Messiah, chap. vi. 13, that “He should
build the temple of the Lord, and bear the glory;" that Chap. XLIII. ver. 2. - came from the way of the east ;] ) is, He shall build the Christian Church ; "in Him shall It had removed thither, chap. xi. 23, and was now all the fulness of the Godhead dwell bodily," and really, returning. Abp. Secker. The glory of the Lord, when not in types and figures ; see Heb. iii. 3; Matt. xvi. 18; it forsook the temple, is described as departing from the John i. 14; Col. ii. 9. There was no visible shechinah eastern gate of it, chap. X. 19; afterwards it is repre- or glory in the second temple, till the Lord, whom they sented as quite forsaking the city, and removing to a expected, “came to His temple," Mal. iii. l; that is,
hiep in their sesholds, and their post and the breadth athe 7 edge th
Sd by my threand the wallen defiled wound abou
1. Or, for there was
The prophet exhorteth to repentance. CHAP. XLIII.
The measures of the altar. c. Before more defile, neither they, nor their | be most holy. Behold this is the law Before 574. kings, by their whoredom, nor by of the house.
the carcases of their kings in their 13 | And these are the measures
of the altar after the cubits: The
by my posts, ll and the wall between and the breadth a cubit, and the borbut u wail me and them, they have even defiled der thereof by the + edge thereof + Heb. lip.
my holy name by their abominations round about shall be a span: and this
9 Now let them put away their ground even to the lower settle shall
10 9 Thou son of man, shew the cubits, and the breadth one cubit. house to the house of Israel, that they | 15 So the altar shall be four Heb. Ilarel,
may be ashamed of their iniquities : cubits; and from + the altar and up- mountain of || Or, sum, and let them measure the || pattern. ward shall be four horns.
11 And if they be ashamed of all 16 And the altar shall be twelve that is, there that they have done, shew them the cubits long, twelve broad, square in form of the house, and the fashion the four squares thereof. thereof, and the goings out thereof, 17 And the settle shall be fourteen and the comings in thereof, and all cubits long and fourteen broad in the the forms thereof, and all the ordi- four squares thereof; and the border nances thereof, and all the forms about it shall be half a cubit; and the thereof, and all the laws thereof: and bottom thereof shall be a cubit about;
s of theeli cubits greater breadth one su be" four nation
to bit; and fres, and there
+ Heb. llarel. that is, the
lion of God.
keep the whole form thereof, and all east.
12 This is the law of the house; of man, thus saith the Lord God;
till the Messiah, who was “the brightness of His Father's 13. -- the bottom] The base of the altar. W. Lowth. glory," appeared there, and made it an illustrious figure - the higher place] In the Hebrew, “the back of of that true church or temple of believers, where He the altar,” which imports that this base was the protuwould continue His presence for ever, 2 Cor. vi. 16. berance, or the widest part of it. W. Lowth, Houbigant. W. Lowth, Bp. Hall.
1 14. And from the bottom upon the ground even to the by the carcases of their kings in their high places.] | lower settle] The “settle” means the imbenching or By the idols set up by their kings in the high places, narrowing ; the altar was made narrower as it came Jer. xvi. 18. W. Lowth. We may understand by “car-nearer to the top. On this lower settle or ledge the cases," bodies offered to idols. Bp. Hall.
| priests walked round the altar. W. Lowth, Abp. New8. In their setting off] See 2 Kings xvi. 14 ; xxi. 4, come. 5, 7.
I 15. — four horns.] One at each corner; see Exod. - and the wall between me and them,] The sense xxvii. 2. They arose from the uppermost bench, where in the margin is better, “for there was but a wall be the priest stood to officiate. W. Lowth. tween Me and them.” W. Lowth.
In two ancient Egyptian pictures, taken from the 10, 11. - shew the house to the house of Israel, It ruins of Herculaneum, are representations of altars, was indeed a model for them to imitate, as far as they having at each of their four corners a rising, which conwere able; but we may probably suppose, that the words tinues square to about half its height, but from thence may have a further view and import; that the model of is gradually sloped off to an edge or a point. It is God's temple here set forth, is but a pattern of heavenly likely that these are “the horns of the altar" alluded to things, and a type of that pure church, “ built upon the in Scripture ; and probably this is their true figure ; see foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ Ps. cxviii. 27. To retain the victim was perhaps the
hope God may in due time every where restore. W. 17. — stairs) See Exod. xx. 26. It was an inclined Lowth.
plane; God forbade His priests to go up by steps to 12. - of the mountain) Mount Moriah, upon which His altar. The ascent up to the altar was by a gentle the temple stood. W. Lowth.
rising, which was thirty-two cubits in length, and six· We learn from Josephus, that the Asmonean princes teen in breadth, and landed (for the convenience of the built a tower close to the north side of the mount, which priests who went up to sacrifice) upon the upper ledge became famous toward the close of the Jewish history, or settle next the hearth, or the top of the altar. Dean under the name of the Tower Antonia. This was a Prideaux. profanation of the holy ground. Calmet,
18. These are the ordinances of the altar] At the
+ Heb. fill
The measures, and the
ordinances of the altar. Before to offer burnt offerings thereon, and 26 Seven days shall they purges 574. to sprinkle blood thereon.
| the altar and purify it; and they shall 574. 19 And thou shalt give to the + consecrate themselves. priests the Levites that be of the 27 And when these days are ex- their hands. seed of Zadok, which approach unto pired, it shall be, that upon the eighth me, to minister unto me, saith the day, and so forward, the priests shall Lord God, a young bullock for a sin make your burnt offerings upon the offering.
altar, and your || peace offerings ; || Or, thank
1 The east gate assigned only to the prince.
4 The priests reproved for polluting of the and purge it.
sanctuary. 9 Idolaters uncapable of the 21 Thou shalt take the bullock also
priest's office. 15 The sons of Zadok are
accepted" thereto. 17 Ordinances for the
M HEN he brought me back the
This gate shall be shut, it shall not
before the LORD, and the priests he shall sit in it to eat bread before
out by the way of the same.
LORD: and I fell upon my face.
dedication, before the ordinary sacrifices are made. opposition to the temple itself, which was the intier Calmet.
sanctuary. This was called the outward sanctuary, 21. — without the sanctuary. In some place ap- because none but priests entered into it. The gate is to pointed for that purpose within the precincts of the be understood of the inner gate, which immediately holy mountain. The temple itself is called the “inner communicated with the court of the priests. Houbigani. house,” chap. xli. 15; xlii. 15; to distinguish it from - and it was shut. After that the glory of the the outer court and precincts thereof. The body of Lord had entered that way. W. Lowth. the bullock, whose blood was to sanctify the altar, was 2.- it shall not be opened,] Unless at particular seato be burnt without the camp, by order of the law, Exod. sons ; see chap. xliii. 4 ; xlvi. 1, 2. W. Lowth. xxix. 14. W. Lowth, Calmet.
- because the Lord, the God of Israel, &c.] That 22. — a kid of the goats) This is over and above the is, the glory of the Lord; as it is expressed, chap. xliii. sacrifices of consecration prescribed, Exod. xxix. 1. W. 2, 4 : see also Exod. xxiv. 10; Isai. vi. 1, 5. W. Lowth.
Lowth. 23. – a ram out of the flock] Called the “ram 3. It is for the prince ;) Solomon placed his seat at of consecration," Exod. xxix. 31; Lev. viii. 22. W. the entrance into the inner court before the altar of the Lowth.
Lord, 2 Chron. vi. 13; and here the prince seems to 24. — shall cast salt] Upon the victims, according to have had his place in aftertimes, whenever he came to the law in Lev. ii. 13. W. Lowth.
worship in the temple, 2 Chron. xxiii. 13; xxxiv. 31. 26. Seven days) See Exod. xxix. 35; Lev. viii. 33. Not far from which place a seat was placed for the high
-- and they shall consecrate themselves.] The ex- priest, as may be gathered from Eli's seat, 1 Sam. i. 9; pression in the original is, “they shall fill their hands." and from whence the high priest pronounced the blessThe priests were consecrated to their office partly by ing after the service was ended; see Ecclus. I. 20. W. the act of filling their hands with what they were to Lowth, Dr. Lightfoot. offer, Exod. xxix. 24. Calmet, W. Lowth.
to eat bread before the Lord ;] To eat part of
the peace offerings, chap. xlvi. 2. Bread stands for all Chap. XLIV. ver. 1. — of the outward sanctuary] In sorts of entertainment ; see Gen. xliii. 31 ; and parti