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+ Heb. set thine heart.
Idolaters incapable of
the priest's office, Before 5 And the Lord said unto me, l 11 Yet they shall be ministers in Before CHRIST
Son of man, + mark well, and behold my sanctuary, having charge at the 574.
them before their idols, and t caused + Heb. were
13 And they shall not come near 7 In that ye have brought into my unto me, to do the office of a priest sanctuary | strangers, uncircumcised unto me, nor to come near to any of in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, my holy things, in the most holy
+ Heb. children of a stranger.
so ver. 14. &
even my house, when ye offer my and their abominations which they
of the charge of the house, for all the
of mine holy things : but ye have be done therein. 1 Or, ward, set keepers of my || charge in my 15 | But the priests the Levites, nance ; and sanctuary for yourselves.
the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge
10 And the Levites that are gone blood, saith the Lord God:
they shall keep my charge.
cularly for a religious feast, made of the remainder of a entered as far as the treasure, but he was punished by sacrifice, Gen. xxxi. 54. W. Lowth.:
the hand of angels. Antiochus Epiphanes and Pompey 5. — mark well the entering in of the house, with every penetrated to the Holy of Holies, but they effected it by going forth &c.] Suffer none that are unqualified to a violence which it was impossible for the priests to reenter upon God's service there. W. Lowth. In the sist ; and nothing upon these occasions appeared more Hebrew idiom, the comings in and the goings out often mournful, or more distressing to the Jews, than that signify all the conduct, the actions, and the habits of a the things which they held most sacred should have been person. Calmet.
discovered and laid open to the Gentiles. Calmet. 7. - strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircum- 10.- the Levites] . Many of the priests and Levites cised in flesh,] In that you have ordained and appointed lived to see the second temple, Ezra iii. 12; but the dethose to be priests in My sanctuary that are strangers scendants of former idolatrous priests and Levites may both in blood and in religion ; and have given them a be meant. Abp. Newcome. The Levites, who were place of ministration in My temple to pollute it. Bp. priests, are here understood. Calmet. They were now Hali. See Acts xxi. 28, where St. Paul is accused by to be degraded from attending upon the higher offices the Jews of violating the temple, by introducing Gen- belonging to the priesthood, and thrust down to meaner tiles into it. Calmet.
services. W. Lowth. - the fat and the blood,] These were peculiarly 1 11.- having charge at the gates &c.] Performing the appropriated to God; see Lev. iii. 16 ; xvii. 11. W. office of porters, and other servile duties, of the inferiour Louth.
Levites. W. Lowth. 9. — no stranger, — shall enter into my sanctuary, 13. — to do the office of a priest) So Josiah discharged We learn from Josephus, that on certain extraordinary the priests who had been guilty of idolatry from attendoccasions strangers have been admitted since the cap- ing upon the service of the altar, 2 Kings xxiii. 9. W. tivity into the court of the priests, but they have never Lowth. consented to the admission of any one into the sanc- ! 15. — the sons of Zadok,] See chap. xl. 46. The tuary. Ptolemy Philopator in vain endeavoured to whole passage from ver. 10 to 16 naturally refers to the penetrate to the holy place ; he found the Jews deter- period of time when the second temple was rebuilt. mined to die rather than to permit him. Heliodorus 1 Abp. Newcome.
linen bibeir heads, a vendinen bonnets / des And they my sabbaths.
they mayd after o fim severe goe
· the priests. Before 17 | And it shall come to pass, ; 24 And in controversy they shall Before 574. that when they enter in at the gates stand in judgment; and they shall 574.
of the inner court, they shall be clothed judge it according to my judgments :
18 They shall have linen bonnets • dead person to defile themselves : b Lev. 21. I,
| they may defile themselves.
the utter court, even into the utter shall reckon unto him seven days.
20 Neither shall they shave their an inheritance: I cam their inherit- c Numb. 18. heads, nor suffer their locks to grow ance: and ye shall give them no pos- Deut. 10. 9. long; they shall only poll their heads. session in Israel: I am their posses
21. Neither shall any priest drink sion.
ling, and the sin offering, and the 22 Neither shall they take for their trespass offering; and every || dedi- ! OT, a Lev. 21. 13. wives a a widow, nor her that is f put cated thing in Israel shall be their's. away: but they shall take maidens of 30 And the || a first of all the first- ! Or, chief:
a Exod. 13. 2. the seed of the house of Israel, or a fruits of all things, and every oblation & 22. 29, 30. + Heb. from widow # that had a priest before. | of all, of every sort of your oblations, & 18.12.
23 And they shall teach my peo- shall be the priest's: ye shall also
31 The priest shall not eat of any
& 18. 1, 2, Josh. 13. 14.
Numb. 3. 13.
17. - the inner court,] The court just before the tem- what things are defiled, and what clean. Abp. Newple where the altar of burnt offering stood, ver. 27 of this come. chapter. W. Lowth.
24. And in controversy they shall stand in judgment; - with linen The ephod, mitre, breeches, and gir- | See Deut. xvii. 8, 9; and the people were to seek the dle, which was the habit of the ordinary priests, were law at their mouths, Mal. ii. 7; that is, to enquire of all of fine linen, contrived “for glory and beauty," them the purport and meaning of it. When the supreme Exod. xxviii. 40. W. Lowth.
judicial power was placed in the Sanhedrim, the majority 18. — with any thing that causeth sweat.] Lest those of that court consisted chiefly of such as had the chief holy vestments may be soiled, or any outward unclean- stations among the priests : see Acts iv. 5, 6. W. liness may be caused thereby. Bp. Hall.
Lowth. 19. — and they shall not sanctify the people with their 26. — seven days. His uncleanness continued for garments.] In touching them with their holy clothes. | seven days by the law, Numb. xix. 11; and the priests Whatever touched any thing holy, became itself holy, were to reckon to him seven days more, before he was and was no longer to be profaned by vulgar use, Exod. to be admitted into the sanctuary. W. Lowth. xxx. 29; Lev. vi. 27. The altar sanctifies the gift, 28. — ye shall give them no possession. Their priestMatt. xxiii. 19. What touched the altar or the furni- hood, their ministry in My sanctuary, and the perquiture of the tabernacle was holy; probably what the holy sites thereto belonging, shall be to them instead of lands garments touched was so too. Abp. Secker.
and cities, of which they shall not have any share as 20. Neither shalt they shave their heads nor suffer their the other tribes ; see Deut. x. 9; Josh. xiii. 14. '. locks to grow long ;7 See Lev. xxi. The ministers Lowth, Michaelis. A portion was however allotted to of the sacred things shall not shave their heads so as to them, under the new division in the following chapter. make them bare, nor yet shall they wear their hair long W. Lowth. and disordered ; but, avoiding the vanity of either ex 29. — every dedicated thing| Devoted thing ; as a treme, they shall only cut their hair. Dean Spencer. field or a beast, Lev. xxvii, 28; Numb. xviii. 14. Abp. 22. — for their wives] See Lev. xxi. 14.
Newcome. 23. — the holy and profane.] What places, according 30. — of your dough,] See Numb. xv. 20. to the ceremonial law, are holy, and what common;! - the blessing] That the priests, whose office it is
+ Heb. when ye cause the land to fall.
+ Heb. holiness.
The portion of land for the
sanctuary, city, and prince. Beforese thing that is e dead of itself, or torn, thousand : and in it shall be the sanc- Before
CHRIST 574. whether it be fowl or beast.
tuary and the most holy place.
4 The holy portion of the land e Exod. 22. CHAP. XLV.
shall be for the priests the ministers Lev. 22. 8.
1 The portion of land for the sanctuary, 6 of the sanctuary, which shall come
for the city, 7 and for the prince. 9 Or- near to minister unto the LORD: and
it shall be a place for their houses,
session of the city five thousand broad,
about; and fifty cubits round about house of Israel. 1 Or, void for the || suburbs thereof.
7 9 And a portion shall be for the 3 And of this measure shalt thou prince on the one side and on the measure the length of five and twenty other side of the oblation of the holy
thousand, and the breadth of ten portion, and of the possession of the to bless the people in God's name, (see Numb. vi. 23 ; 6. — five thousand broad, and five and twenty thousand Deut. x. 8,) may procure a blessing upon thee from long,] These measurements contained an area of about Him, according to the promise He hath made of bless-seventeen miles in circuit, which was more than four ing those with an extraordinary degree of plenty, who times the circuit of Jerusalem, according to the account conscientiously pay their tithes and offerings as grate- of Josephus. But it was intended for the whole house ful acknowledgments to God the Giver of all good of Israel; that is, all the tribes upon solemn festivals, things, Prov. iii. 9, 10; Mal. iii. 10; 2 Chron. xxxi. 10. and was to have twelve gates according to the number W. Louth.
of the tribes of Israel, chap. xlviii. 31. Abp. Newcome, 31.- dead of itself,] A command given to all the W. Lowth. Jews, Exod. xxii. 31; and more particularly to the
over against] Or by the side of; see chap. xlviii. priests, Lev. xxii. 8. W. Lowth.
| 15. It was to run parallel in length with the holy por
tion, though but half its breadth : by which means Chap. XLV. ver. 1. - by lot] The land was so divided these three portions made an exact square ; see chap. by Joshua in the first partition. W. Lowth.
xlviii. 20, and the following draught : an oblation unto the Lord,] The portion of the Lord is here called an oblation, because it was a sort of
North. firstfruits of the land or soil itself. W. Lowth, Abp.
Judah's portion from West to East. Neucome.
- five and twenty thousand reeds,] The Hebrew doth not express either reeds or cubits : but many in
The Priests' portion. terpreters expound the place of cubits, considering this
25,000 long. to be the more probable measure, and concluding cubits to be here meant from the circumstance of their being used in the measurement of the temple in the next verse. Bp. Lowth, Calmet, Michaelis. 4. - a place for their houses,] The houses were for the
The Levites'. priests of the four and twenty courses, who were not in
25,000 long. their course of waiting. W. Lowth.
- for the sanctuary.] See chap. xlviii. 10.
5. And the five and twenty thousand of length, &c.] This was another allotment; and some translations render the sense plainer thus; "there shall be other five
10,000 Westward The City 10,000 Eastward
in length. portion. in length. and twenty thousand,” &c. The Levites were very numerous; in the time of David they were reckoned
Food for the City. 5000 square. Food for the City. thirty-eight thousand, and therefore as large a piece of ground is allotted to them, as belonged to the temple and the whole priestly order. W. Lowth.
Benjamin's portion from West to East. for twenty chambers.] According to most com
W. Lowth. mentators, rows of chambers, or ranges of building. The Septuagint reads “ cities to inhabit.” Such cities 7. And a portion shall be for the prince &c.] See the as were allotted to them by Moses, Numb. xxxv, 2. plan ; it lay parallel to the other three portions from W. Lowth.
I north to south, and on each side. W. Lowth.
The Prince's portion on the West side.
10,000 broad. I 10,000 ivroad. I The Prince's portion on the East side.
East. 5000 broad.
e oppressed shall they fat pasturand for a burnt ou emake 1 Or, thank
he Lords of 1s: L 16 A
saitha. O prid spoil, take
the prince. c Beforer city, before the oblation of the holy of an homer of wheat, and ye shall Before
portion, and before the possession of give the sixth part of an ephah of an 574.
which is an homer of ten baths; for
| and for || peace offerings, to make 1 Or, thank 9 | Thus saith the Lord God; reconciliation for them, saith the Let it suffice you, O princes of Is- | Lord God. rael: remove violence and spoil, and 16 All the people of the land tshall 1. Heb. shall execute judgment and justice, take give this oblation || for the prince in ll Or, with. away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord God.
17 And it shall be the prince's part a Lev. 19. 35, 10 Ye shall have just a balances, to give burnt offerings, and meat offer
and a just ephah, and a just bath. ings, and drink offerings, in the feasts,
11 The ephah and the bath shall and in the new moons, and in the be of one measure, that the bath may sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house contain the tenth part of an homer, of Israel : he shall prepare the sin and the ephah the tenth part of an offering, and the meat offering, and homer: the measure thereof shall be the burnt offering, and the peace | Or, thank after the homer.
offerings, to make reconciliation for
twenty shekels, fifteen shekels, shall the first month, in the first day of the
month, thou shalt take a young bul-
israel. And it
and the st bath.
Numb. 3. 47.
over against] Answerable to; see chap. xl. 18; | to the Levites out of the fruits of the earth, when they it shall be parallel with them both on the east and west were gathered in ; see chap. xliv. 30. W. Lowth. side. W. Lowth. And the length of it shall be over
the sixth part of an ephah of an homer] The sixagainst each of these portions from the west borders of tieth part of the whole. Abp. Newcome. it to the east. Bp. Hall.
14. — out of the cor,] Which is equal to the homer, 8. In the land shall be his possession &c.] That My as is here expressed. princes may not be put for want of a due and settled 15. And one lamb out of the flock, &c.] This offering provision to raise means to themselves by the oppression is besides the firstborn set apart for the use of the priests of My people. Bp. Hall.
and Levites, Numb. xviii. 15. It is for the daily burnt 10. — just balances,] Lev. xix. 36 ; Deut. xxv. 15. offering, Numb. xxviii. 3; or for burnt offerings and
11. — of one measure,] The bath for things liquid; peace offerings, or sacrifices of thanksgivings that were the ephah for things dry; the bath containing about to be made upon proper occasions, chap. xliii. 27. W. seven gallons and a half. Bp. Cumberland
| Lowth. - of an homer :) The word “ homer" here used, - for a meat offering,] See ver. 13, 14. The meat is to be distinguished from the “omer," Exod. xvi. 36 ; offering, or more properly the bread offering, was which is but the tenth part of an ephah. W. Lowth. made of fine flour mingled with oil, Lev. ü. 5, 6. W.
12. And the shekel shall be &c.] See the note at Exod. Lowth. xxx. 13; where the same number is made the standard - to make reconciliation] This effect is attributed of the shekel.
to burnt offerings, as well as to those which are properly - twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, fifteen sacrifices for sin, Lev. i. 4. W. Lowth. shekels, shall be your maneh.] The amount of the three 16. - for the prince] The marginal reading is “ with is sixty shekels, which made a maneh or mina, about the prince,” which agrees better with the sense. The thirty ounces of silver. We may well suppose that three prince shall join with the people in making the oblations of the usual current coins among the Jews answered to already mentioned; but those in the next verse are to be the three numbers of shekels here mentioned. Abp. at the exclusive charge of the prince. W. Lowth. Newcome, W. Lowth. But we learn from Sir John 17. – he shall prepare] That is, provide. Chardin, that it is still the custom of the East, in 18. - In the first month,] Nisan; about the tenth of reckoning a sum of money, to specify the different parts March. This was an offering enjoined to cleanse the of which it is composed. Harmer.
| temple from defilement, previous to the celebration of 13. This is the oblation &c.] The portion belonging 'the passover, which took place a few days after; see
Ordinances for the prince
in his worship. Before 19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering, and put it
prince's inheritance. 19 The courts for
boiling and baking.
it shall be opened, and in the day of
eaten. And up for himself candok' for of the gate s
teenth day of the month, ye shall 2 And the prince shall enter by the
gate, and the priests shall prepare his
| but the gate shall not be shut until
4 And the burnt offering that the
blemish. 25 In the seventh month, in the 5 And the meat offering shall be fifteenth day of the month, shall he an ephah for a ram, and the meat do the like in the · feast of the seven offering for the lambs | as he shall be + Heb. the days, according to the sin offering, able to give, and an hin of oil to an hand. according to the burnt offering, and ephah. according to the meat offering, and 6 And in the day of the new moon according to the oil.
it shall be a young bullock without
gift of his
Lev. xvi. 19. W. Lowth. But the time, and the cere | Chap. XLVI. ver. 3. Likewise the people of the land mony, and the circumstances of this offering are not to &c.] During the continuance of the tabernacle, they be found in the law of Moses, and appear to be entirely that would offer any sacrifice were required to bring it new. Calmet. Michaelis also observes, that the regu- to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and lations which follow are in several circumstances very there lay their hands upon the head of it, Lev. i. 3, 4 : different from the Mosaical. Abp. Newcome.
and after the temple was built, they came to the north 19. — upon the posts] The door posts or lintels, chap. or south gate of the inner court, according as the saxli. 21.
crifice was to be slain on the north or south side of
simple :) For sins of ignorance, whether of private per- foot. Here the inner porch of the east gate is assigned sons, or of the whole congregation ; see Lev. iv. 2, 13, for their station who came to present themselves be27. W. Lowth.
fore the Lord upon the solemn festivals, and they were 23.-seven days) Moses in some places speaks of the to come no further into the inner court. W. Lowth. feast of unleavened bread, which lasted seven days, as 4. - the burnt offering — in the sabbath day] It was distinct from the day wherein the passover was to the prince's part to provide sacrifices for the sabbaths be eaten; see Lev. xxiii. 5, 6; which is agreeable to and other festivals; see chap. xly, 17. This was a new the injunctions of this and the following verse. W. ordinance, and accordingly the offerings are different Louth.
from those prescribed in the law. Moses had directed 24. — an hin of oil for an ephah.] For each ephah only two lambs extraordinary to be offered on the sabbath of fine flour; an hin was the sixth part of an ephah day; see Numb. xxviii. 9. The other proportions of or bath, and contained one gallon and two pints. “Bp. the meat and drink offerings are also different; comCumberland.
pare ver. 4, 6, 7, and 14, with Numb. xxviii. 9, 11, 12, 25. In the seventh month, &c.] At the feast of taber-5. Calmet, W. Lowth. nacles he shall do the same things as have been di- 5 – as he shall be able to give,] As he is disposed rected here for the passover. Calmet.
| to give; see Deut. xvi. 17. Abp. Newcome. VOL. II.