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CHRIST

574.

+ Heb. set thine heart.

Idolaters incapable of
CHAP. XLIV.

the priest's office, Before 5 And the Lord said unto me, l 11 Yet they shall be ministers in Before CHRIST

Son of man, + mark well, and behold my sanctuary, having charge at the 574.
with thine eyes, and hear with thine gates of the house, and ministering to
ears all that I say unto thee concern- the house : they shall slay the burnt
ing all the ordinances of the house of offering and the sacrifice for the peo-
the Lord, and all the laws thereof; ple, and they shall stand before them
and mark well the entering in of the to minister unto them.
house, with every going forth of the 12 Because they ministered unto
sanctuary.

them before their idols, and t caused + Heb. were
6 And thou shalt say to the rebel- | the house of Israel to fall into ini- bling block of
lious, even to the house of Israel, quity; therefore have I lifted up mine iniquily unto,
Thus saith the Lord God; () ye landagainst them, saith the Lord God,
house of Israel, let it suffice you of and they shall bear their iniquity.
all your abominations.

13 And they shall not come near 7 In that ye have brought into my unto me, to do the office of a priest sanctuary | strangers, uncircumcised unto me, nor to come near to any of in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, my holy things, in the most holy

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+ Heb. children of a stranger.

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so ver. 14. &

16.

even my house, when ye offer my and their abominations which they
bread, the fat and the blood, and they have committed.
have broken my covenant because of 14 But I will make them keepers
all your abominations.

of the charge of the house, for all the
8 And ye have not kept the charge service thereof, and for all that shall

of mine holy things : but ye have be done therein. 1 Or, ward, set keepers of my || charge in my 15 | But the priests the Levites, nance ; and sanctuary for yourselves.

the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge
9 9 Thus saith the Lord God; of my sanctuary when the children
No stranger, uncircumcised in heart, of Israel went astray from me, they
nor uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter shall come near to me to minister
into my sanctuary, of any stranger unto me, and they shall stand before
that is among the children of Israel. me to offer unto me the fat and the

10 And the Levites that are gone blood, saith the Lord God:
away far from ine, when Israel went 16 They shall enter into my sanc-
astray, which went astray away from tuary, and they shall come near to
me after their idols; they shall even my table, to minister unto me, and
bear their iniquity.

they shall keep my charge.

cularly for a religious feast, made of the remainder of a entered as far as the treasure, but he was punished by sacrifice, Gen. xxxi. 54. W. Lowth.:

the hand of angels. Antiochus Epiphanes and Pompey 5. — mark well the entering in of the house, with every penetrated to the Holy of Holies, but they effected it by going forth &c.] Suffer none that are unqualified to a violence which it was impossible for the priests to reenter upon God's service there. W. Lowth. In the sist ; and nothing upon these occasions appeared more Hebrew idiom, the comings in and the goings out often mournful, or more distressing to the Jews, than that signify all the conduct, the actions, and the habits of a the things which they held most sacred should have been person. Calmet.

discovered and laid open to the Gentiles. Calmet. 7. - strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircum- 10.- the Levites] . Many of the priests and Levites cised in flesh,] In that you have ordained and appointed lived to see the second temple, Ezra iii. 12; but the dethose to be priests in My sanctuary that are strangers scendants of former idolatrous priests and Levites may both in blood and in religion ; and have given them a be meant. Abp. Newcome. The Levites, who were place of ministration in My temple to pollute it. Bp. priests, are here understood. Calmet. They were now Hali. See Acts xxi. 28, where St. Paul is accused by to be degraded from attending upon the higher offices the Jews of violating the temple, by introducing Gen- belonging to the priesthood, and thrust down to meaner tiles into it. Calmet.

services. W. Lowth. - the fat and the blood,] These were peculiarly 1 11.- having charge at the gates &c.] Performing the appropriated to God; see Lev. iii. 16 ; xvii. 11. W. office of porters, and other servile duties, of the inferiour Louth.

Levites. W. Lowth. 9. — no stranger, shall enter into my sanctuary, 13. — to do the office of a priest) So Josiah discharged We learn from Josephus, that on certain extraordinary the priests who had been guilty of idolatry from attendoccasions strangers have been admitted since the cap- ing upon the service of the altar, 2 Kings xxiii. 9. W. tivity into the court of the priests, but they have never Lowth. consented to the admission of any one into the sanc- ! 15. the sons of Zadok,] See chap. xl. 46. The tuary. Ptolemy Philopator in vain endeavoured to whole passage from ver. 10 to 16 naturally refers to the penetrate to the holy place ; he found the Jews deter- period of time when the second temple was rebuilt. mined to die rather than to permit him. Heliodorus 1 Abp. Newcome.

Before CHRIST

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linen bibeir heads, a vendinen bonnets / des And they my sabbaths.

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Ordinances for
EZEKIEL

· the priests. Before 17 | And it shall come to pass, ; 24 And in controversy they shall Before 574. that when they enter in at the gates stand in judgment; and they shall 574.

of the inner court, they shall be clothed judge it according to my judgments :
with linen garments; and no wool and they shall keep my laws and my
shall come upon them, whiles they statutesin all mine assemblies; and
minister in the gates of the inner they shall hallow my sabbaths.
court, and within.

18 They shall have linen bonnets • dead person to defile themselves : b Lev. 21. I,
upon their heads, and shall have but for father, or for mother, or for
linen breeches upon their loins; they son, or for daughter, for brother, or
shall not gird themselves || + with any for sister that hath had no husband,
thing that causeth sweat.

| they may defile themselves.
+ lleb. in, or, 19 And when they go forth into | 26 And after he is cleansed, they

the utter court, even into the utter shall reckon unto him seven days.
court to the people, they shall put off 27 And in the day that he goeth
their garments wherein they minis- into the sanctuary, unto the inner
tered, and lay them in the holy cham- court, to minister in the sanctuary,
bers, and they shall put on other gar- he shall offer his sin offering, saith
ments; and they shall not sanctify the Lord Gov.
the people with their garments. 28 And it shall be unto them for

20 Neither shall they shave their an inheritance: I cam their inherit- c Numb. 18. heads, nor suffer their locks to grow ance: and ye shall give them no pos- Deut. 10. 9. long; they shall only poll their heads. session in Israel: I am their posses

21. Neither shall any priest drink sion.
wine, when they enter into the inner 29 They shall eat the meat offer-
court.

ling, and the sin offering, and the 22 Neither shall they take for their trespass offering; and every || dedi- ! OT, a Lev. 21. 13. wives a a widow, nor her that is f put cated thing in Israel shall be their's. away: but they shall take maidens of 30 And the || a first of all the first- ! Or, chief:

a Exod. 13. 2. the seed of the house of Israel, or a fruits of all things, and every oblation & 22. 29, 30. + Heb. from widow # that had a priest before. | of all, of every sort of your oblations, & 18.12.

23 And they shall teach my peo- shall be the priest's: ye shall also
ple the difference between the holy give unto the priest the first of your
and profane, and cause them to dis- dough, that he may cause the blessing
cern between the unclean and the to rest in thine house.
clean.

31 The priest shall not eat of any

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Numb. 3. 13.

a priest.

17. - the inner court,] The court just before the tem- what things are defiled, and what clean. Abp. Newple where the altar of burnt offering stood, ver. 27 of this come. chapter. W. Lowth.

24. And in controversy they shall stand in judgment; - with linen The ephod, mitre, breeches, and gir- | See Deut. xvii. 8, 9; and the people were to seek the dle, which was the habit of the ordinary priests, were law at their mouths, Mal. ii. 7; that is, to enquire of all of fine linen, contrived “for glory and beauty," them the purport and meaning of it. When the supreme Exod. xxviii. 40. W. Lowth.

judicial power was placed in the Sanhedrim, the majority 18. — with any thing that causeth sweat.] Lest those of that court consisted chiefly of such as had the chief holy vestments may be soiled, or any outward unclean- stations among the priests : see Acts iv. 5, 6. W. liness may be caused thereby. Bp. Hall.

Lowth. 19. — and they shall not sanctify the people with their 26. — seven days. His uncleanness continued for garments.] In touching them with their holy clothes. | seven days by the law, Numb. xix. 11; and the priests Whatever touched any thing holy, became itself holy, were to reckon to him seven days more, before he was and was no longer to be profaned by vulgar use, Exod. to be admitted into the sanctuary. W. Lowth. xxx. 29; Lev. vi. 27. The altar sanctifies the gift, 28. — ye shall give them no possession. Their priestMatt. xxiii. 19. What touched the altar or the furni- hood, their ministry in My sanctuary, and the perquiture of the tabernacle was holy; probably what the holy sites thereto belonging, shall be to them instead of lands garments touched was so too. Abp. Secker.

and cities, of which they shall not have any share as 20. Neither shalt they shave their heads nor suffer their the other tribes ; see Deut. x. 9; Josh. xiii. 14. '. locks to grow long ;7 See Lev. xxi. The ministers Lowth, Michaelis. A portion was however allotted to of the sacred things shall not shave their heads so as to them, under the new division in the following chapter. make them bare, nor yet shall they wear their hair long W. Lowth. and disordered ; but, avoiding the vanity of either ex 29. — every dedicated thing| Devoted thing ; as a treme, they shall only cut their hair. Dean Spencer. field or a beast, Lev. xxvii, 28; Numb. xviii. 14. Abp. 22. for their wives] See Lev. xxi. 14.

Newcome. 23. — the holy and profane.] What places, according 30. — of your dough,] See Numb. xv. 20. to the ceremonial law, are holy, and what common;! - the blessing] That the priests, whose office it is

Before

Before CHRIST

anc

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+ Heb. when ye cause the land to fall.

+ Heb. holiness.

places.

The portion of land for the

CHAP. XLV.

sanctuary, city, and prince. Beforese thing that is e dead of itself, or torn, thousand : and in it shall be the sanc- Before

CHRIST 574. whether it be fowl or beast.

tuary and the most holy place.

574.

4 The holy portion of the land e Exod. 22. CHAP. XLV.

shall be for the priests the ministers Lev. 22. 8.

1 The portion of land for the sanctuary, 6 of the sanctuary, which shall come

for the city, 7 and for the prince. 9 Or- near to minister unto the LORD: and
dinances for the prince.

it shall be a place for their houses,
M OREOVER, † when ye shall and an holy place for the sanctuary.
11 divide by lot the land for inhe- 5 And the five and twenty thou-
ritance, ye shall offer an oblation unto sand of length, and the ten thousand
the Lord, tan holy portion of the of breadth, shall also the Levites, the
land : the length shall be the length ministers of the house, have for them-
of five and twenty thousand reeds, selves, for a possession for twenty
and the breadth shall be ten thousand. chambers.
This shall be holy in all the borders 6 | And ye shall appoint the pos-
thereof round about.

session of the city five thousand broad,
2 Of this there shall be for the and five and twenty thousand long,
sanctuary five hundred in length, with over against the oblation of the holy
five hundred in breadth, square round portion : it shall be for the whole

about; and fifty cubits round about house of Israel. 1 Or, void for the || suburbs thereof.

7 9 And a portion shall be for the 3 And of this measure shalt thou prince on the one side and on the measure the length of five and twenty other side of the oblation of the holy

thousand, and the breadth of ten portion, and of the possession of the to bless the people in God's name, (see Numb. vi. 23 ; 6. — five thousand broad, and five and twenty thousand Deut. x. 8,) may procure a blessing upon thee from long,] These measurements contained an area of about Him, according to the promise He hath made of bless-seventeen miles in circuit, which was more than four ing those with an extraordinary degree of plenty, who times the circuit of Jerusalem, according to the account conscientiously pay their tithes and offerings as grate- of Josephus. But it was intended for the whole house ful acknowledgments to God the Giver of all good of Israel; that is, all the tribes upon solemn festivals, things, Prov. iii. 9, 10; Mal. iii. 10; 2 Chron. xxxi. 10. and was to have twelve gates according to the number W. Louth.

of the tribes of Israel, chap. xlviii. 31. Abp. Newcome, 31.- dead of itself,] A command given to all the W. Lowth. Jews, Exod. xxii. 31; and more particularly to the

over against] Or by the side of; see chap. xlviii. priests, Lev. xxii. 8. W. Lowth.

| 15. It was to run parallel in length with the holy por

tion, though but half its breadth : by which means Chap. XLV. ver. 1. - by lot] The land was so divided these three portions made an exact square ; see chap. by Joshua in the first partition. W. Lowth.

xlviii. 20, and the following draught : an oblation unto the Lord,] The portion of the Lord is here called an oblation, because it was a sort of

North. firstfruits of the land or soil itself. W. Lowth, Abp.

Judah's portion from West to East. Neucome.

- five and twenty thousand reeds,] The Hebrew doth not express either reeds or cubits : but many in

The Priests' portion. terpreters expound the place of cubits, considering this

25,000 long. to be the more probable measure, and concluding cubits to be here meant from the circumstance of their being used in the measurement of the temple in the next verse. Bp. Lowth, Calmet, Michaelis. 4. - a place for their houses,] The houses were for the

The Levites'. priests of the four and twenty courses, who were not in

25,000 long. their course of waiting. W. Lowth.

- for the sanctuary.] See chap. xlviii. 10.

5. And the five and twenty thousand of length, &c.] This was another allotment; and some translations render the sense plainer thus; "there shall be other five

10,000 Westward The City 10,000 Eastward

in length. portion. in length. and twenty thousand,” &c. The Levites were very numerous; in the time of David they were reckoned

Food for the City. 5000 square. Food for the City. thirty-eight thousand, and therefore as large a piece of ground is allotted to them, as belonged to the temple and the whole priestly order. W. Lowth.

Benjamin's portion from West to East. for twenty chambers.] According to most com

South.

W. Lowth. mentators, rows of chambers, or ranges of building. The Septuagint reads “ cities to inhabit.” Such cities 7. And a portion shall be for the prince &c.] See the as were allotted to them by Moses, Numb. xxxv, 2. plan ; it lay parallel to the other three portions from W. Lowth.

I north to south, and on each side. W. Lowth.

The Prince's portion on the West side.

10,000 broad. I 10,000 ivroad. I The Prince's portion on the East side.

East. 5000 broad.

Before

Before CHRIST

574.

e oppressed shall they fat pasturand for a burnt ou emake 1 Or, thank

offerings.

he Lords of 1s: L 16 A

saitha. O prid spoil, take

Ordinances for
EZEKIEL

the prince. c Beforer city, before the oblation of the holy of an homer of wheat, and ye shall Before

portion, and before the possession of give the sixth part of an ephah of an 574.
the city, from the west side westward, homer of barley:
and from the east side eastward : and 14 Concerning the ordinance of
the length shall be over against one oil, the bath of oil, ye shall offer the
of the portions, from the west border tenth part of a bath out of the cor,
unto the east border.

which is an homer of ten baths; for
8 In the land shall be his pos- ten baths are an homer:
session in Israel: and my princes 15 And one || lamb out of the | Or, kid.
shall no more oppress my people ; flock, out of two hundred, out of the
and the rest of the land shall they fat pastures of Israel; for a meat
give to the house of Israel according offering, and for a burnt offering,
to their tribes.

| and for || peace offerings, to make 1 Or, thank 9 | Thus saith the Lord God; reconciliation for them, saith the Let it suffice you, O princes of Is- | Lord God. rael: remove violence and spoil, and 16 All the people of the land tshall 1. Heb. shall execute judgment and justice, take give this oblation || for the prince in ll Or, with. away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord God.

17 And it shall be the prince's part a Lev. 19. 35, 10 Ye shall have just a balances, to give burnt offerings, and meat offer

and a just ephah, and a just bath. ings, and drink offerings, in the feasts,

11 The ephah and the bath shall and in the new moons, and in the be of one measure, that the bath may sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house contain the tenth part of an homer, of Israel : he shall prepare the sin and the ephah the tenth part of an offering, and the meat offering, and homer: the measure thereof shall be the burnt offering, and the peace | Or, thank after the homer.

offerings.

offerings, to make reconciliation for
od. 30. 12 And the b shekel shall be twenty the house of Israel.
Lev. 27. 25. gerahs : twenty shekels, five and | 18 Thus saith the Lord God; In

twenty shekels, fifteen shekels, shall the first month, in the first day of the
be your maneh.

month, thou shalt take a young bul-
13 This is the oblation that ye lock without blemish, and cleanse the
shall offer; the sixth part of an ephah sanctuary:

israel. And it

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and the st bath.

13.

Numb. 3. 47.

11

over against] Answerable to; see chap. xl. 18; | to the Levites out of the fruits of the earth, when they it shall be parallel with them both on the east and west were gathered in ; see chap. xliv. 30. W. Lowth. side. W. Lowth. And the length of it shall be over

the sixth part of an ephah of an homer] The sixagainst each of these portions from the west borders of tieth part of the whole. Abp. Newcome. it to the east. Bp. Hall.

14. — out of the cor,] Which is equal to the homer, 8. In the land shall be his possession &c.] That My as is here expressed. princes may not be put for want of a due and settled 15. And one lamb out of the flock, &c.] This offering provision to raise means to themselves by the oppression is besides the firstborn set apart for the use of the priests of My people. Bp. Hall.

and Levites, Numb. xviii. 15. It is for the daily burnt 10. — just balances,] Lev. xix. 36 ; Deut. xxv. 15. offering, Numb. xxviii. 3; or for burnt offerings and

11. — of one measure,] The bath for things liquid; peace offerings, or sacrifices of thanksgivings that were the ephah for things dry; the bath containing about to be made upon proper occasions, chap. xliii. 27. W. seven gallons and a half. Bp. Cumberland

| Lowth. - of an homer :) The word “ homer" here used, - for a meat offering,] See ver. 13, 14. The meat is to be distinguished from the “omer," Exod. xvi. 36 ; offering, or more properly the bread offering, was which is but the tenth part of an ephah. W. Lowth. made of fine flour mingled with oil, Lev. ü. 5, 6. W.

12. And the shekel shall be &c.] See the note at Exod. Lowth. xxx. 13; where the same number is made the standard - to make reconciliation] This effect is attributed of the shekel.

to burnt offerings, as well as to those which are properly - twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, fifteen sacrifices for sin, Lev. i. 4. W. Lowth. shekels, shall be your maneh.] The amount of the three 16. - for the prince] The marginal reading is “ with is sixty shekels, which made a maneh or mina, about the prince,” which agrees better with the sense. The thirty ounces of silver. We may well suppose that three prince shall join with the people in making the oblations of the usual current coins among the Jews answered to already mentioned; but those in the next verse are to be the three numbers of shekels here mentioned. Abp. at the exclusive charge of the prince. W. Lowth. Newcome, W. Lowth. But we learn from Sir John 17. he shall prepare] That is, provide. Chardin, that it is still the custom of the East, in 18. - In the first month,] Nisan; about the tenth of reckoning a sum of money, to specify the different parts March. This was an offering enjoined to cleanse the of which it is composed. Harmer.

| temple from defilement, previous to the celebration of 13. This is the oblation &c.] The portion belonging 'the passover, which took place a few days after; see

Before CHRIST

574.

Before CHRIST

574.

Ordinances for the prince
CHAP. XLV, XLVI.

in his worship. Before 19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering, and put it

CHAP. XLVI.
upon the posts of the house, and upon 1 Ordinances for the prince in his worship,
the four corners of the settle of the 9 and for the people. 16 An order for the
altar, and upon the posts of the gate

prince's inheritance. 19 The courts for
of the inner court.

boiling and baking.
20 And so thou shalt do the THUS saith the Lord God; The
seventh day of the month for every 1 gate of the inner court that look-
one that erreth, and for him that is eth toward the east shall be shut the
simple: So shall ye reconcile the six working days; but on the sabbath
house.

it shall be opened, and in the day of

eaten. And up for himself candok' for of the gate s

teenth day of the month, ye shall 2 And the prince shall enter by the
have the passover, a feast of se- way of the porch of that gate without,
ven days unleavened bread shall be and shall stand by the post of the
eaten

gate, and the priests shall prepare his
22 And upon that day shall the burnt offering and his peace offerings,
prince prepare for himself and for all and he shall worship at the threshold
the people of the land a bullock for of the gate: then he shall go forth;
a sin offering.

| but the gate shall not be shut until
23 And seven days of the feast he the evening.
shall prepare a burnt offering to the 1 3 Likewise the people of the land
LORD, seven bullocks and seven rams shall worship at the door of this gate
without blemish daily the seven days; before the Lord in the sabbaths and
and a kid of the goats daily for a sin in the new moons.
offering.

4 And the burnt offering that the
24 Ănd he shall prepare a meat prince shall offer unto the Lord in
offering of an ephah for a bullock, and the sabbath day shall be six lambs
an ephah for a ram, and an hin of oil without blemish, and a ram without
for an ephah.

blemish. 25 In the seventh month, in the 5 And the meat offering shall be fifteenth day of the month, shall he an ephah for a ram, and the meat do the like in the · feast of the seven offering for the lambs | as he shall be + Heb. the days, according to the sin offering, able to give, and an hin of oil to an hand. according to the burnt offering, and ephah. according to the meat offering, and 6 And in the day of the new moon according to the oil.

it shall be a young bullock without

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Lev. xvi. 19. W. Lowth. But the time, and the cere | Chap. XLVI. ver. 3. Likewise the people of the land mony, and the circumstances of this offering are not to &c.] During the continuance of the tabernacle, they be found in the law of Moses, and appear to be entirely that would offer any sacrifice were required to bring it new. Calmet. Michaelis also observes, that the regu- to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and lations which follow are in several circumstances very there lay their hands upon the head of it, Lev. i. 3, 4 : different from the Mosaical. Abp. Newcome.

and after the temple was built, they came to the north 19. — upon the posts] The door posts or lintels, chap. or south gate of the inner court, according as the saxli. 21.

crifice was to be slain on the north or south side of

simple :) For sins of ignorance, whether of private per- foot. Here the inner porch of the east gate is assigned sons, or of the whole congregation ; see Lev. iv. 2, 13, for their station who came to present themselves be27. W. Lowth.

fore the Lord upon the solemn festivals, and they were 23.-seven days) Moses in some places speaks of the to come no further into the inner court. W. Lowth. feast of unleavened bread, which lasted seven days, as 4. - the burnt offering in the sabbath day] It was distinct from the day wherein the passover was to the prince's part to provide sacrifices for the sabbaths be eaten; see Lev. xxiii. 5, 6; which is agreeable to and other festivals; see chap. xly, 17. This was a new the injunctions of this and the following verse. W. ordinance, and accordingly the offerings are different Louth.

from those prescribed in the law. Moses had directed 24. — an hin of oil for an ephah.] For each ephah only two lambs extraordinary to be offered on the sabbath of fine flour; an hin was the sixth part of an ephah day; see Numb. xxviii. 9. The other proportions of or bath, and contained one gallon and two pints. Bp. the meat and drink offerings are also different; comCumberland.

pare ver. 4, 6, 7, and 14, with Numb. xxviii. 9, 11, 12, 25. In the seventh month, &c.] At the feast of taber-5. Calmet, W. Lowth. nacles he shall do the same things as have been di- 5 – as he shall be able to give,] As he is disposed rected here for the passover. Calmet.

| to give; see Deut. xvi. 17. Abp. Newcome. VOL. II.

20

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