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The kingdom of Christ. CHAP. XXXIV, XXXV. The judgment of mount Seir. efore and they shall no more be a prey; 1 beast of the land devour them; but Before
and I will judge between cattle and they shall dwell safely, and none shall 587. cattle.
make them afraid.
over them, and he shall feed them, d plant || of renown, and they shall be d Isai. 11. 1.
| rael, are my people, saith the Lord
| The judgment of mount Seir for their hatred
M OREOVER the word of the 587.
4 I will lay thy cities waste, and and desola28 And they shall no more be a thou shalt be desolate, and thou shalt tion. prey to the heathen, neither shall the know that I am the Lord.
23. — one shepherd over them,-even my servant Da- there give remarkable instances of My favour, and the vid;] Jesus Christ the true Shepherd, to whom the happiness which accompanies it; see Gen. xii. 2; Isai. title of David is given by the Prophets, and attributed xix. 24. God's hill is the same with His “ holy mounby Himself in the Gospel, and who has fulfilled all the tain," chap. xx. 40. W. Lowth. duties, after having faithfully described all the characters 29. And I will raise up for them a plant of renown,] of the office. The Scriptures call this Shepherd David, I will make them a glorious plant, being fast rooted in because He was born of David after the flesh, and pos- that promised Messiah, and being incorporated in Him: sessed in reality, and eminently, all those qualities, and they shall no more be consumed with a spiritual which the Scriptures give to David, under the figure of famine, nor be trampled upon by the enemies of My the Messiah. Calmet, Bp. Hall.
Church. Bp. Hall. - he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.] The Messiah is often described under the name of This prophecy was remarkably fulfilled, when Christ “the Branch," and “the Rod,” or shoot, growing out by the preaching of the Gospel “ gathered in one the of the stem of Jesse: see Isai. iv. 2 ; xi. 1 ; Jer. xxiii. children of God, that were scattered abroad,” John xi. 5; Zech. ii. 8; vi. 12. W. Lowih. 52; Ephes. i. 10; among whom were many “of the 31. And ye my flock, &c.] These words at the conlost sheep of the house of Israel.” But it will receive clusion of the chapter explain the metaphor, which runs a further completion at the general conversion of the through the whole ; that what was said of a flock and Jews, when the time will come, that they shall say, its shepherds, is to be understood of men and their “ Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord," governours, and especially of God's people, whom He Matt. xxiii. 39: and this signal event will usher in, or takes care of, as a shepherd does of his flock, chap. complete the fulness of the Gentiles; see Rom. xi. 12, | xxxvi. 38. W. Lowth. 15, 25, 32. W. Lowth.
24. — and my servant David a prince among them :71 Chap. XXXV.ver. 2.-Mount Seir,] Idumea; see Deut. The Messiah; the true heir and successor of David. ii. 5, where God says, that He has “ given mount Seir Bp. Hall.
| unto Esau for a possession.” The Prophet goes on to 25. — the evil beasts to cease] And I will keep them shew, that the same reason which will operate in favour from those spiritual dangers that may be hurtful to of the Jews, will not operate in favour of the heathen, them; see ver. 8 of this chapter. Calmet. The words especially not in favour of the Edomites, for they shewed may be meant of freedom from persecution by infidels no mercy, and therefore deserved to receive none; and and strangers. W. Lowth.
because they had a perpetual hatred, were to be made 26 And I will make them &c. - a blessing :] I will I a perpetual desolation. Abp. Newcome.
+ Heb. hands.
+ Heb. desolation
The judgment of mount Seir
for their hatred of Israel. Before 5 Because thou hast had a ll perpe-spoken against the mountains of Is- Before 587. tual hatred, and hast + shed the blood rael, saying, They are laid desolate, 587.
of the children of Israel by the + force they are given us † to consume. .
of the sword in the time of their cala- 13 Thus with your mouth ye have derour. out the poured mity, in the time that their iniquity + boasted against me, and have mul- + Heb. children... had an end :
magnified. tiplied your words against me: I have *** 6 Therefore, as I live, saith the heard them. Lord God, I will prepare thee unto 14 Thus saith the Lord God; blood, and blood shall pursue thee: When the whole earth rejoiceth, I sith thou hast not hated blood, even will make thee desolate. blood shall pursue thee.
1 15 As thou didst rejoice at the in7 Thus will I make mount Seir heritance of the house of Israel, be
+ most desolate, and cut off from it cause it was desolate, so will I do and desola. him that passeth out and him that unto thee: thou shalt be desolate, O returneth.
mount Seir, and all Idumea, even all
1 The land of Israel is comforted, both by 9 I will make thee perpetual deso
destruction of the heathen, who spitefully
used it, 8 and by the blessings of God prolations, and thy cities shall not re
mised unto it. 16 Israel was rejected for turn: and ye shall know that I am their sin, 21 and shall be restored without the Lord.
their desert. 25 The blessings of Christ's 10 Because thou hast said, These
kingdom. two nations and these two countries ALSO, thou son of man, prophesy 587. a Ps. 83.4, 12. shall be mine, and we will a possess N unto the amountains of Israel, a Chap. 6.2. | Or, though it; || whereas the Lord was there and say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear
11 Therefore, as I live, saith the the word of the LORD:
| Thus saith the Lord God; † Because + Heb.
the LORD was there.
5.- a perpetual hatred,] See chap. xxv. 12. The have not quite cast them off, by My avenging their enmity of the Edomites and the Jews had begun as it quarrel upon thee. W. Louth. were in the womb of their common mother. This was 14.- When the whole earth rejoiceth, After the reafterwards aggravated by other griefs ; and though Ja- turn from the captivity, when all thy neighbours, concob's prudent calmness softened it for a time, yet their quered by the king of Babylon, shall be restored in descendants did not fail to perpetuate their quarrel, peace and prosperity, thou shalt be reduced to distress which was always certain to be revived, whenever an and desolation. Calmet. occasion offered. The last strong proof of this enmity The Edomites never recovered their country after was given by the Edomites at the siege of Jerusalem, their expulsion from it by the Nabatheans, who drove when they afflicted the Jews, already oppressed by the them out of their ancient habitations in the time of the Chaldeans. Calmet.
Babylonish captivity; they then settled themselves in 6. – blood shall pursue thee:7 Thy bloodguiltiness the southern part of Judea, where they were afterwards shall pursue thee; thou shalt be punished for it. Mi- conquered by Hyrcanus, and obliged to embrace the chaelis.
Jewish religion, and so became incorporated with that 9. I will make thee perpetual desolations, &c.] See nation. Dean Prideaux. chap. xxv. 13; Jer. xlix. 17, 18.
10. Because thou hast said, These two nations &c.] Chap. XXXVI. ver. 1.- prophesy unto the mountains These two nations, Israel and Judah, and their coun- of Israel,] This prophecy is the sequel of that contained tries, wasted by the Assyrian and Babylonian, shall be in the last chapter. Calmet. mine, and we will possess it; whereas, however this 2. — even the ancient high places are our's in possesland is abused, it is the Lord's peculiar, and therefore sion :7 The Edomites have made their boasts, (chap. out of thy reach, and free from any challenge of thine. xxxv. 10,) that they should become masters of the mounBp. Hall, Abp. Newcome.
tainous parts of Judea, where the ancient fortresses 11.- I will make myself known among them, when I were placed, which commanded all the rest of the counhave judged thee. I will make My people see that I | try; see Deut. xxxii. 13. W. Lowth.
upon the lip
mind Prophesy hel, and say is, to the in thee the ser shalt
srael, and he concernina l. 14 Thby nations, nen
The blessings of God
promised unto Israel. Before residue of the heathen, and || ye are of it: and the cities shall be inhabit- Before 587. taken up in the lips of talkers, and ed, and the wastes shall be builded : 587. are an infamy of the people:
11 And I will multiply upon you | Or, ye are made to come 4 Therefore, ye mountains of Is- man and beast; and they shall inof the tongue.
e. rael, hear the word of the Lord God; crease and bring fruit: and I will
Thus saith the Lord God to the settle you after your old estates, and
mountains, and to the hills, to the will do better unto you than at your Or, bottoms, || rivers, and to the valleys, to the beginnings: and ye shall know that
desolate wastes, and to the cities that I am the LORD.
5 Therefore thus saith the Lord shalt be their inheritance, and thou
14 Therefore thou shalt devour men
fall any more, saith the Lord God.
8 9 But ye, O mountains of Israel, defiled it by their own way and by
Israel; for they are at hand to come. woman.
I will turn unto you, and ye shall be upon them for the blood that they
had shed upon the land, and for their
you, all the house of Israel, even all 19 And I scattered them among 3. — the residue] The nations which remained un- Church, of another promised land, and of a chosen conquered by the Babylonians. Abp. Newcome. people, different from that of the Jews; but at the
- and ye are taken up in the lips of talkers,] Your same time that there may be recognized in it certain name is scornfully taken up in the lips of your busy forms of speech, which have had their literal accomand insulting enemies, and ye are made a byword and plishment, since the return of the Jews from the capreproach of the people. Bp. Hall.
tivity. Calmet. 5. — in the fire of my jealousy) In that fervent zeal 10. — and the wastes shall be builded :] Compare ver. and concern that I have for My own honour, which is 33. This may likewise in some measure have been blasphemed among the heathen; see chap. xxxv. 12, 13. fulfilled at their return from Babylon, Isai. lviii. 12 ; lxi. W. Louth.
4. W. Lowth. 6. — ye have borne the shame of the heathen:] The 12. — bereave them of men.] By the sword, pestilence, reproach and insult; see chap. xxxiv. 29.
and famine, which were God's judgments upon His 7. - I have lifted up mine hand] I have solemnly people for their idolatries. Abp. Newcome. sworn; see chap. xx. 5. W. Lowth.
| 13. — they say unto you, Thou land devourest up] The 8. — for they are at hand to come.] They, my people neighbouring nations observed the heavy sufferings of Israel, are near the time of their coming from Babylon Israel and Judah, and accused the land of exterminating into their own land. Abp. Newcome.
its inhabitants. Abp. Newcome. Compare Numb. xiii. The most sensible interpreters seem to agree, that 32. there are several expressions in this chapter, particu- 17. — their way was before me as the uncleanness &c.] larly in the latter part of it, which cannot be literally Their continual practice was as foul and odious to Me, understood of any event, excepting of the reign of the as can be expressed by any legal uncleanness. Bp. Hall. Messiah, of the freedom that He has procured for His ! 18 - for the blood] They had shed the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they offered to which cleanses us from our sins, through the blood of their idols ; see chap. xvi. 36. They had also shed Jesus Christ, and by the invisible aspersion of His Holy innocent blood in their cities, chap. vii. 23; ix. 9. Spirit and grace. It is only therefore in the general Calmet.
c Jer. 32. 39.
Rom. 2. 24.
hich the house for mine holy my statutes, aan cause you to waipirit .Chap. 11.
Israel shall be restored.
The blessings c. Before the heathen, and they were dispersed from all your idols, will I cleanse Before
be CHRIST 587. through the countries: according to you.
their way and according to their 26 A new heart also will I give.
you, and a new spirit will I put ch. 11. 19. 20 And when they entered unto within yon: and I will take away the
the heathen, whither they went, they stony heart out of your flesh, and I b Isai. 52. 5. b profaned my holy name, when they will give you an heart of flesh.
said to them, These are the people of 27 And I will put my d spirit a Chap. 11.
my statutes, and ye shall keep my
shall be my people, and I will be
30 And I will multiply the fruit of
the Lord God, when I shall be sanc- were not good, and shall lothe your|| Or, your. tified in you before || their eyes. selves in your own sight for your ini
24 For I will take you from among quities and for your abominations.
unto you: be ashamed and confound-
your sakes.ord GOD your God my pe
hame's Way.90 Anded the live no heathenber voluntate
establishment of the Church of God, that the real and 20. — they profaned my holy name,] They caused perfect accomplishment of this prophecy can come to My holy name to be scorned and evil spoken of, in pass. St. Paul may probably allude to this text, when that it was said of these so wicked and lewd persons, ' ħe exhorts the Hebrew converts “to draw near to God, Lo, these are the select people of the Lord, and those having their hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, that were inhabitants of His holy land. Bp. Hall and their bodies washed with pure water.” Calmet,
21. But I had pity for mine holy name,] I wrought w. Lowth. for My name's sake, that it should not be polluted 26. — the stony heart out of your flesh, I will take among the heathen ; see chap. xx. 9; compare Deut. away your perverse and rebellious disposition; I will ix. 5; Ps. cvi. 8.
give you a tenderness of heart, and an aptness to be 23. — and the heathen shall know that I am the Lord,] wrought upon by the motions of My Spirit. Bp. Hall. The return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity Certain it is, that the Jews gave much less occasion for was taken notice of by the heathens, as a signal instance reproach after their return from captivity, more partiof God's providence towards them, Ps. cxxvi. 2; and cularly upon the subject of idolatry, and of those other their general conversion will be a much more remark- disorders with which they had been reproached by the able proof of My fulfilling the promises made to their Prophets, than before that event took place; but their fathers; so that the heathens themselves will be forced conduct even then was far from being such as to reto take notice of it, chap. xxxvii. 28. W. Lowth. semble that picture of perfection, of purity, of docility,
when I shall be sanctified in you before their eyes.] , and of justice, which is described here, and in other When I shall glorify Myself by working your deliver- places of the Prophets. It is Christianity alone which ance, and your apparent reformation before their eyes. removes the “heart of stone,” and supplies “the heart Bp. Hall.
of flesh.” Calmet. 25. Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye 31. - and shall lothe yourselves in your own sight] shall be clean :) Allusion is here made to the purifica- | When the Prophets foretell the general conversion of the tions which were effected in the Jewish Church, by Jews, they usually mention their detestation of their forsprinkling pure water upon persons under legal pollu- mer idolatries, as a necessary preparation towards it. tion; these were types of baptism, and of that penitence See Isai. i. 27 ; xvii. 7,8 ; Jer, iii. 22, &c. W. Lowth.
of Christ's kingdom.
CHAP. XXXVI, XXXVII. The resurrection of dry bones. Before the day that I shall have cleansed 2 And caused me to pass by them before
you from all your iniquities I will round about: and, behold, there were about 587.
34 And the desolate land shall be 3 And he said unto me, Son of
answered, O Lord God, thou know35 And they shall say, This land est.
that was desolate is become like the 4 Again he said unto me, Prophesy e Chap. 28. 13. garden of Eden; and the waste upon these bones, and say unto them,
and desolate and ruined cities are be- O ye dry bones, hear the word of the
36 Then the heathen that are left 5 Thus saith the Lord God unto
the Lord build the ruined places, and breath to enter into you, and ye shall
and will bring up flesh upon you, and
| manded: and as I prophesied, there + Heb. flock 38 As the + holy flock, as the flock was a noise, and behold a shaking, of holy things.
of Jerusalem in her solemn feasts; so and the bones came together, bone to
sinews and the flesh came up upon
them, and the skin covered them
dead hope of Israel is revived. 15 By the 9 Then said he unto me, Prophesy
the Lord God; Come from the four about 587. THE band of the Lord was upon winds, O breath, and breathe upon
I me, and carried me out in the these slain, that they may live.
into them, and they lived, and stood 37.— I will yet for this be enquired of by the house of Chap. XXXVII. ver. 1. - and carried me out in the Israel,] God in His anger tells the Jews, that He will spirit of the Lord,1 Or, by the Spirit of the Lord. not be enquired of by them, chap. xiv. 3; xx. 3, 31 : in- Compare chap. iii. 14 ; vii. 3 ; xi. 24. This was pertimating that during their continuance in idolatry and formed, either by a local translation of the Prophet, or other wickedness, they ought not to address themselves else by way of vision, or lively representation. W. to Him, nor expect any favourable answer to their re- Lowth. quests. But now upon their repentance and reconcilia- 3. – O Lord God, thou knowest.] The Prophet replies, tion, He tells them, that He will be enquired of by them ; that the restoration of the bones to life was more than that is, He will dispose their hearts to apply themselves human reason could conceive, but acknowledges that to Him by prayer, and will answer the petitions they nothing was impossible with God. Bp. Hall. make to Him, for fulfilling these His promises, Ps. x. 4. — Oye dry bones, hear the word of the Lord.] A pro17 ; Jer. xxix. 13. W. Lowth. By these words God phetical and lively representation of that voice of the hath given us to understand, that, whatsoever blessing Son of God, which all that are in their graves shall hear He hath promised, we must pray unto Him for it, other at the last day, and shall come forth out of them, John wise we shall not have it. Bp. Beveridge.
| v. 28, 29. W. Lowth. See the notes on Isai. xxvi. 19. 38. As the holy flock,1 As Jerusalem in her holy 7. So I prophesied as I was commanded :] So I spake feasts is filled with whole flocks and herds of those cat- to those bones as I was commanded. Bp. Hall. tle that are brought up thither for sacrifice, so shall all bone to — bone. Each bone to its correspondthe waste cities of Israel be filled with the flocks of man. ing bone in the human body. Abp. Newcome. Bp. Hall. The epithet of "holy” and “most holy” is 8. — no breath] No life; no vital principle. W. often applied to sacrifices in the Levitical law, as being Lowth. wholly dedicated to God, and set apart for His worship. 9. — Come from the four winds, O breath,] The words See Lev. vi. 25, 29. W. Lowth.
| figuratively represent the restoration of the Jewish na