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John 10.11.

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The kingdom of Christ. CHAP. XXXIV, XXXV. The judgment of mount Seir. efore and they shall no more be a prey; 1 beast of the land devour them; but Before

and I will judge between cattle and they shall dwell safely, and none shall 587. cattle.

make them afraid.
c Isai. 40.11. 23 And I will set up one "shepherd 29 And I will raise up for them a

over them, and he shall feed them, d plant || of renown, and they shall be d Isai. 11. 1.
even my servant David; he shall no more + consumed with hunger in || Or, for
feed them, and he shall be their the land, neither bear the shame of Hebs taken
the heathen any more.

24 And I the LORD will be their 30 Thus shall they know that I
God, and my servant David a prince the Lord their God 'am with them,
among them; I the Lord have spoken and that they, even the house of Is-

| rael, are my people, saith the Lord
25 And I will make with them a God.
covenant of peace, and will cause the 31 And ye my e flock, the flock of e John 10. 11.
evil beasts to cease out of the land : my pasture, are men, and I am your
and they shall dwell safely in the God, saith the Lord God.
wilderness, and sleep in the woods.
26 And I will make them and the

places round about my hill a blessing;
and I will cause the shower to come

| The judgment of mount Seir for their hatred

of Israel.
down in his season; there shall be
showers of blessing.

M OREOVER the word of the 587.
27 And the tree of the field shall 11 Lord came unto me, saying,
yield her fruit, and the earth shall 2 Son of man, set thy face against
yield her increase, and they shall be mount Seir, and prophesy against it,
safe in their land, and shall know 3 And say unto it, Thus saith the
that I am the LORD, when I have | Lord God; Behold, O mount Seir,
broken the bands of their yoke, | I am against thee, and I will stretch
and delivered them out of the hand out mine hand against thee, and I
of those that served themselves of will make thee + most desolate. Heb.

4 I will lay thy cities waste, and and desola28 And they shall no more be a thou shalt be desolate, and thou shalt tion. prey to the heathen, neither shall the know that I am the Lord.



23. — one shepherd over them,-even my servant Da- there give remarkable instances of My favour, and the vid;] Jesus Christ the true Shepherd, to whom the happiness which accompanies it; see Gen. xii. 2; Isai. title of David is given by the Prophets, and attributed xix. 24. God's hill is the same with His “ holy mounby Himself in the Gospel, and who has fulfilled all the tain," chap. xx. 40. W. Lowth. duties, after having faithfully described all the characters 29. And I will raise up for them a plant of renown,] of the office. The Scriptures call this Shepherd David, I will make them a glorious plant, being fast rooted in because He was born of David after the flesh, and pos- that promised Messiah, and being incorporated in Him: sessed in reality, and eminently, all those qualities, and they shall no more be consumed with a spiritual which the Scriptures give to David, under the figure of famine, nor be trampled upon by the enemies of My the Messiah. Calmet, Bp. Hall.

Church. Bp. Hall. - he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.] The Messiah is often described under the name of This prophecy was remarkably fulfilled, when Christ “the Branch," and “the Rod,” or shoot, growing out by the preaching of the Gospel “ gathered in one the of the stem of Jesse: see Isai. iv. 2 ; xi. 1 ; Jer. xxiii. children of God, that were scattered abroad,” John xi. 5; Zech. ii. 8; vi. 12. W. Lowih. 52; Ephes. i. 10; among whom were many “of the 31. And ye my flock, &c.] These words at the conlost sheep of the house of Israel.” But it will receive clusion of the chapter explain the metaphor, which runs a further completion at the general conversion of the through the whole ; that what was said of a flock and Jews, when the time will come, that they shall say, its shepherds, is to be understood of men and their “ Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord," governours, and especially of God's people, whom He Matt. xxiii. 39: and this signal event will usher in, or takes care of, as a shepherd does of his flock, chap. complete the fulness of the Gentiles; see Rom. xi. 12, | xxxvi. 38. W. Lowth. 15, 25, 32. W. Lowth.

24. — and my servant David a prince among them :71 Chap. XXXV.ver. 2.-Mount Seir,] Idumea; see Deut. The Messiah; the true heir and successor of David. ii. 5, where God says, that He has “ given mount Seir Bp. Hall.

| unto Esau for a possession.” The Prophet goes on to 25. the evil beasts to cease] And I will keep them shew, that the same reason which will operate in favour from those spiritual dangers that may be hurtful to of the Jews, will not operate in favour of the heathen, them; see ver. 8 of this chapter. Calmet. The words especially not in favour of the Edomites, for they shewed may be meant of freedom from persecution by infidels no mercy, and therefore deserved to receive none; and and strangers. W. Lowth.

because they had a perpetual hatred, were to be made 26 And I will make them &c. - a blessing :] I will I a perpetual desolation. Abp. Newcome.



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+ Heb. hands.

+ Heb. desolation


The judgment of mount Seir


for their hatred of Israel. Before 5 Because thou hast had a ll perpe-spoken against the mountains of Is- Before 587. tual hatred, and hast + shed the blood rael, saying, They are laid desolate, 587.

of the children of Israel by the + force they are given us † to consume. .

of the sword in the time of their cala- 13 Thus with your mouth ye have derour. out the poured mity, in the time that their iniquity + boasted against me, and have mul- + Heb. children... had an end :

magnified. tiplied your words against me: I have *** 6 Therefore, as I live, saith the heard them. Lord God, I will prepare thee unto 14 Thus saith the Lord God; blood, and blood shall pursue thee: When the whole earth rejoiceth, I sith thou hast not hated blood, even will make thee desolate. blood shall pursue thee.

1 15 As thou didst rejoice at the in7 Thus will I make mount Seir heritance of the house of Israel, be

+ most desolate, and cut off from it cause it was desolate, so will I do and desola. him that passeth out and him that unto thee: thou shalt be desolate, O returneth.

mount Seir, and all Idumea, even all
8 And I will fill his mountains with of it: and they shall know that I am
his slain men : in thy hills, and in thy the Lord.
valleys, and in all thy rivers, shall
they fall that are slain with the


1 The land of Israel is comforted, both by 9 I will make thee perpetual deso

destruction of the heathen, who spitefully

used it, 8 and by the blessings of God prolations, and thy cities shall not re

mised unto it. 16 Israel was rejected for turn: and ye shall know that I am their sin, 21 and shall be restored without the Lord.

their desert. 25 The blessings of Christ's 10 Because thou hast said, These

kingdom. two nations and these two countries ALSO, thou son of man, prophesy 587. a Ps. 83.4, 12. shall be mine, and we will a possess N unto the amountains of Israel, a Chap. 6.2. | Or, though it; || whereas the Lord was there and say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear

11 Therefore, as I live, saith the the word of the LORD:
Lord God, I will even do according 2 Thus saith the Lord God; Be-
to thine anger, and according to thine cause the enemy hath said against
envy which thou hast used out of thy you, Aha, even the ancient high
hatred against them; and I will make places are our's in possession:
myself known among them, when I 3 Therefore prophesy and say,
have judged thee.

| Thus saith the Lord God; † Because + Heb.
12 And thou shalt know that I am they have made you desolate, and because.
the LORD, and that I have heard all swallowed you up on every side, that
thy blasphemies which thou hast ye might be a possession unto the

the LORD was there.

Because for

5.- a perpetual hatred,] See chap. xxv. 12. The have not quite cast them off, by My avenging their enmity of the Edomites and the Jews had begun as it quarrel upon thee. W. Louth. were in the womb of their common mother. This was 14.- When the whole earth rejoiceth, After the reafterwards aggravated by other griefs ; and though Ja- turn from the captivity, when all thy neighbours, concob's prudent calmness softened it for a time, yet their quered by the king of Babylon, shall be restored in descendants did not fail to perpetuate their quarrel, peace and prosperity, thou shalt be reduced to distress which was always certain to be revived, whenever an and desolation. Calmet. occasion offered. The last strong proof of this enmity The Edomites never recovered their country after was given by the Edomites at the siege of Jerusalem, their expulsion from it by the Nabatheans, who drove when they afflicted the Jews, already oppressed by the them out of their ancient habitations in the time of the Chaldeans. Calmet.

Babylonish captivity; they then settled themselves in 6. blood shall pursue thee:7 Thy bloodguiltiness the southern part of Judea, where they were afterwards shall pursue thee; thou shalt be punished for it. Mi- conquered by Hyrcanus, and obliged to embrace the chaelis.

Jewish religion, and so became incorporated with that 9. I will make thee perpetual desolations, &c.] See nation. Dean Prideaux. chap. xxv. 13; Jer. xlix. 17, 18.

10. Because thou hast said, These two nations &c.] Chap. XXXVI. ver. 1.- prophesy unto the mountains These two nations, Israel and Judah, and their coun- of Israel,] This prophecy is the sequel of that contained tries, wasted by the Assyrian and Babylonian, shall be in the last chapter. Calmet. mine, and we will possess it; whereas, however this 2. — even the ancient high places are our's in possesland is abused, it is the Lord's peculiar, and therefore sion :7 The Edomites have made their boasts, (chap. out of thy reach, and free from any challenge of thine. xxxv. 10,) that they should become masters of the mounBp. Hall, Abp. Newcome.

tainous parts of Judea, where the ancient fortresses 11.- I will make myself known among them, when I were placed, which commanded all the rest of the counhave judged thee. I will make My people see that I | try; see Deut. xxxii. 13. W. Lowth.

upon the lip


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mind Prophesy hel, and say is, to the in thee the ser shalt

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srael, and he concernina l. 14 Thby nations, nen

The blessings of God

promised unto Israel. Before residue of the heathen, and || ye are of it: and the cities shall be inhabit- Before 587. taken up in the lips of talkers, and ed, and the wastes shall be builded : 587. are an infamy of the people:

11 And I will multiply upon you | Or, ye are made to come 4 Therefore, ye mountains of Is- man and beast; and they shall inof the tongue.

e. rael, hear the word of the Lord God; crease and bring fruit: and I will

Thus saith the Lord God to the settle you after your old estates, and

mountains, and to the hills, to the will do better unto you than at your Or, bottoms, || rivers, and to the valleys, to the beginnings: and ye shall know that

desolate wastes, and to the cities that I am the LORD.
are forsaken, which became a prey 12 Yea, I will cause men to walk
and derision to the residue of the upon you, even my people Israel;
heathen that are round about; and they shall possess thee, and thou

5 Therefore thus saith the Lord shalt be their inheritance, and thou
God; Surely in the fire of my jea- shalt no more henceforth bereave
lousy have I spoken against the resi- / them of men.
due of the heathen, and against all 13 Thus saith the Lord God;
Idumea, which have appointed my Because they say unto you, Thou
land into their possession with the land devourest up men, and hast be-
joy of all their heart, with despiteful reaved thy nations;
minds, to cast it out for a prey.

14 Therefore thou shalt devour men
6 Prophesy therefore concerning no more, neither || bereave thy nations ! Or, cause lo
the land of Israel, and say unto the any more, saith the Lord God.
mountains, and to the hills, to the 15 Neither will I cause men to hear
rivers, and to the valleys, Thus saith in thee the shame of the heathen any
the Lord God; Behold, I have more, neither shalt thou bear the
spoken in my jealousy and in my reproach of the people any more, nei-
fury, because ye have borne the shame ther shalt thou cause thy nations to
of the heathen :

fall any more, saith the Lord God.
7 Therefore thus saith the Lord | 16 | Moreover the word of the
God; I have lifted up mine hand, LORD came unto me, saying,
Surely the heathen that are about 17 Son of man, when the house of
you, they shall bear their shame. Israel dwelt in their own land, they

8 9 But ye, O mountains of Israel, defiled it by their own way and by
ye shall shoot forth your branches, their doings: their way was before
and yield your fruit to my people of me as the uncleanness of a removed

Israel; for they are at hand to come. woman.
• 9 For, behold, I am for you, and 18 Wherefore I poured my fury

I will turn unto you, and ye shall be upon them for the blood that they
tilled and sown :

had shed upon the land, and for their
10 And I will multiply men upon idols wherewith they had polluted it:

you, all the house of Israel, even all 19 And I scattered them among 3. the residue] The nations which remained un- Church, of another promised land, and of a chosen conquered by the Babylonians. Abp. Newcome. people, different from that of the Jews; but at the

- and ye are taken up in the lips of talkers,] Your same time that there may be recognized in it certain name is scornfully taken up in the lips of your busy forms of speech, which have had their literal accomand insulting enemies, and ye are made a byword and plishment, since the return of the Jews from the capreproach of the people. Bp. Hall.

tivity. Calmet. 5. — in the fire of my jealousy) In that fervent zeal 10. — and the wastes shall be builded :] Compare ver. and concern that I have for My own honour, which is 33. This may likewise in some measure have been blasphemed among the heathen; see chap. xxxv. 12, 13. fulfilled at their return from Babylon, Isai. lviii. 12 ; lxi. W. Louth.

4. W. Lowth. 6. — ye have borne the shame of the heathen:] The 12. bereave them of men.] By the sword, pestilence, reproach and insult; see chap. xxxiv. 29.

and famine, which were God's judgments upon His 7. - I have lifted up mine hand] I have solemnly people for their idolatries. Abp. Newcome. sworn; see chap. xx. 5. W. Lowth.

| 13. they say unto you, Thou land devourest up] The 8. — for they are at hand to come.] They, my people neighbouring nations observed the heavy sufferings of Israel, are near the time of their coming from Babylon Israel and Judah, and accused the land of exterminating into their own land. Abp. Newcome.

its inhabitants. Abp. Newcome. Compare Numb. xiii. The most sensible interpreters seem to agree, that 32. there are several expressions in this chapter, particu- 17. their way was before me as the uncleanness &c.] larly in the latter part of it, which cannot be literally Their continual practice was as foul and odious to Me, understood of any event, excepting of the reign of the as can be expressed by any legal uncleanness. Bp. Hall. Messiah, of the freedom that He has procured for His ! 18 - for the blood] They had shed the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they offered to which cleanses us from our sins, through the blood of their idols ; see chap. xvi. 36. They had also shed Jesus Christ, and by the invisible aspersion of His Holy innocent blood in their cities, chap. vii. 23; ix. 9. Spirit and grace. It is only therefore in the general Calmet.



c Jer. 32. 39.

Rom. 2. 24.

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hich the house for mine holy my statutes, aan cause you to waipirit .Chap. 11.

refore therkes

Israel shall be restored.

The blessings c. Before the heathen, and they were dispersed from all your idols, will I cleanse Before

be CHRIST 587. through the countries: according to you.

their way and according to their 26 A new heart also will I give.
doings I judged them.

you, and a new spirit will I put ch. 11. 19. 20 And when they entered unto within yon: and I will take away the

the heathen, whither they went, they stony heart out of your flesh, and I b Isai. 52. 5. b profaned my holy name, when they will give you an heart of flesh.

said to them, These are the people of 27 And I will put my d spirit a Chap. 11.
the Lord, and are gone forth out of within you, and cause you to walk in **
his land.

my statutes, and ye shall keep my
21 | But I had pity for mine holy judgments, and do them.
name, which the house of Israel had 28 And ye shall dwell in the land
profaned among the heathen, whither that I gave to your fathers; and ye
they went.

shall be my people, and I will be
22 Therefore say unto the house your God.
of Israel, Thus saith the Lord God; 29 I will also save you from all
I do not this for your sakes, O house your uncleannesses: and I will call
of Israel, but for mine holy name's for the corn, and will increase it, and
sake, which ye have profaned among lay no fainine upon you.
the heathen, whither ye went.

30 And I will multiply the fruit of
23 And I will sanctify my great the tree, and the increase of the field,
name, which was profaned among the that ye shall receive no more reproach
heathen, which ye have profaned in of famine among the heathen.
the midst of them; and the heathen 31 Then shall ye remember your
shall know that I am the Lord, saith own evil ways, and your doings that

the Lord God, when I shall be sanc- were not good, and shall lothe your|| Or, your. tified in you before || their eyes. selves in your own sight for your ini

24 For I will take you from among quities and for your abominations.
the heathen, and gather you out of 32 Not for your sakes do I this,
all countries, and will bring you into saith the Lord God, be it known
your own land.

unto you: be ashamed and confound-
25 q Then will I sprinkle cleaned for your own ways, O house of
water upon you, and ye shall be Israel.
clean: from all your filthiness, and 33 Thus saith the Lord God; In

your sakes.ord GOD your God my pe

hame's Way.90 Anded the live no heathenber voluntate

establishment of the Church of God, that the real and 20. they profaned my holy name,] They caused perfect accomplishment of this prophecy can come to My holy name to be scorned and evil spoken of, in pass. St. Paul may probably allude to this text, when that it was said of these so wicked and lewd persons, ' ħe exhorts the Hebrew converts “to draw near to God, Lo, these are the select people of the Lord, and those having their hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, that were inhabitants of His holy land. Bp. Hall and their bodies washed with pure water.” Calmet,

21. But I had pity for mine holy name,] I wrought w. Lowth. for My name's sake, that it should not be polluted 26. the stony heart out of your flesh, I will take among the heathen ; see chap. xx. 9; compare Deut. away your perverse and rebellious disposition; I will ix. 5; Ps. cvi. 8.

give you a tenderness of heart, and an aptness to be 23. — and the heathen shall know that I am the Lord,] wrought upon by the motions of My Spirit. Bp. Hall. The return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity Certain it is, that the Jews gave much less occasion for was taken notice of by the heathens, as a signal instance reproach after their return from captivity, more partiof God's providence towards them, Ps. cxxvi. 2; and cularly upon the subject of idolatry, and of those other their general conversion will be a much more remark- disorders with which they had been reproached by the able proof of My fulfilling the promises made to their Prophets, than before that event took place; but their fathers; so that the heathens themselves will be forced conduct even then was far from being such as to reto take notice of it, chap. xxxvii. 28. W. Lowth. semble that picture of perfection, of purity, of docility,

when I shall be sanctified in you before their eyes.] , and of justice, which is described here, and in other When I shall glorify Myself by working your deliver- places of the Prophets. It is Christianity alone which ance, and your apparent reformation before their eyes. removes the “heart of stone,” and supplies “the heart Bp. Hall.

of flesh.” Calmet. 25. Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye 31. - and shall lothe yourselves in your own sight] shall be clean :) Allusion is here made to the purifica- | When the Prophets foretell the general conversion of the tions which were effected in the Jewish Church, by Jews, they usually mention their detestation of their forsprinkling pure water upon persons under legal pollu- mer idolatries, as a necessary preparation towards it. tion; these were types of baptism, and of that penitence See Isai. i. 27 ; xvii. 7,8 ; Jer, iii. 22, &c. W. Lowth.






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of Christ's kingdom.

CHAP. XXXVI, XXXVII. The resurrection of dry bones. Before the day that I shall have cleansed 2 And caused me to pass by them before

you from all your iniquities I will round about: and, behold, there were about 587.
also cause you to dwell in the cities, very many in the open || valley; and, or
and the wastes shall be builded. Ilo, they were very dry.

34 And the desolate land shall be 3 And he said unto me, Son of
tilled, whereas it lay desolate in the man, can these bones live? And I
sight of all that passed by.

answered, O Lord God, thou know35 And they shall say, This land est.

that was desolate is become like the 4 Again he said unto me, Prophesy e Chap. 28. 13. garden of Eden; and the waste upon these bones, and say unto them,

and desolate and ruined cities are be- O ye dry bones, hear the word of the
come fenced, and are inhabited. Lord.

36 Then the heathen that are left 5 Thus saith the Lord God unto
round about you shall know that I these bones; Behold, I will cause

the Lord build the ruined places, and breath to enter into you, and ye shall
fChap. 17. 24. plant that that was desolate: If the live :
& 22. 14. & 37.
Lord have spoken it, and I will do 6 And I will lay sinews upon you,

and will bring up flesh upon you, and
37 Thus saith the Lord God; I cover you with skin, and put breath
will yet for this be enquired of by in you, and ye shall live; and ye
the house of Israel, to do it for them; shall know that I am the LORD.
I will increase them with men like a 7 So I prophesied as I was com-

| manded: and as I prophesied, there + Heb. flock 38 As the + holy flock, as the flock was a noise, and behold a shaking, of holy things.

of Jerusalem in her solemn feasts; so and the bones came together, bone to
shall the waste cities be filled with his bone.
flocks of men: and they shall know 8 And when I beheld, lo, the
that I am the LORD.

sinews and the flesh came up upon

them, and the skin covered them
CHAP. XXXVII. above: but there was no breath in
1 By the resurrection of dry bones. 11 the them.

dead hope of Israel is revived. 15 By the 9 Then said he unto me, Prophesy
uniting of two sticks, 18 is shewed the in- unto the || wind, prophesy, son of || Or, brealh.
corporation of Israel into Judah. 20 The man, and say to the wind, Thus saith
promises of Christ's kingdom.

the Lord God; Come from the four about 587. THE band of the Lord was upon winds, O breath, and breathe upon

I me, and carried me out in the these slain, that they may live.
spirit of the Lord, and set me down 10 So I prophesied as he com-
in the midst of the valley which was manded me, and the breath came
full of bones,

into them, and they lived, and stood 37.I will yet for this be enquired of by the house of Chap. XXXVII. ver. 1. - and carried me out in the Israel,] God in His anger tells the Jews, that He will spirit of the Lord,1 Or, by the Spirit of the Lord. not be enquired of by them, chap. xiv. 3; xx. 3, 31 : in- Compare chap. iii. 14 ; vii. 3 ; xi. 24. This was pertimating that during their continuance in idolatry and formed, either by a local translation of the Prophet, or other wickedness, they ought not to address themselves else by way of vision, or lively representation. W. to Him, nor expect any favourable answer to their re- Lowth. quests. But now upon their repentance and reconcilia- 3. O Lord God, thou knowest.] The Prophet replies, tion, He tells them, that He will be enquired of by them ; that the restoration of the bones to life was more than that is, He will dispose their hearts to apply themselves human reason could conceive, but acknowledges that to Him by prayer, and will answer the petitions they nothing was impossible with God. Bp. Hall. make to Him, for fulfilling these His promises, Ps. x. 4. — Oye dry bones, hear the word of the Lord.] A pro17 ; Jer. xxix. 13. W. Lowth. By these words God phetical and lively representation of that voice of the hath given us to understand, that, whatsoever blessing Son of God, which all that are in their graves shall hear He hath promised, we must pray unto Him for it, other at the last day, and shall come forth out of them, John wise we shall not have it. Bp. Beveridge.

| v. 28, 29. W. Lowth. See the notes on Isai. xxvi. 19. 38. As the holy flock,1 As Jerusalem in her holy 7. So I prophesied as I was commanded :] So I spake feasts is filled with whole flocks and herds of those cat- to those bones as I was commanded. Bp. Hall. tle that are brought up thither for sacrifice, so shall all bone to bone. Each bone to its correspondthe waste cities of Israel be filled with the flocks of man. ing bone in the human body. Abp. Newcome. Bp. Hall. The epithet of "holy” and “most holy” is 8. — no breath] No life; no vital principle. W. often applied to sacrifices in the Levitical law, as being Lowth. wholly dedicated to God, and set apart for His worship. 9. — Come from the four winds, O breath,] The words See Lev. vi. 25, 29. W. Lowth.

| figuratively represent the restoration of the Jewish na

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