« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
to gather them by the Gospel. Before m And the name thereof is called Bamah 35 And I will bring you into the Before 593. unto this day.
| wilderness of the people, and there 593.
31 For when ye offer your gifts, 37 And I will cause you to pass
they sojourn, and they shall not enter
serve ye every one his idols, and
34 And I will bring you out from 40 For in mine holy mountain, in the people, and will gather you out the mountain of the height of Israel, of the countries, wherein ye are scat- saith the Lord God, there shall all tered, with a mighty hand, and with the house of Israel, all of them in the a stretched out arm, and with fury land, serve me: there will I accept poured out.
them, and there will I require your instead of leaving My temple and the service I pre-case with you: laying before you those offences wherescribed, and in other places unrequired doing supposed with you have justly provoked Me. Bp. Hall. The duties ? Poole.
phrase alludes to the wilderness, through which the - And the name thereof is called Bamah unto this Jews passed in their way to Canaan, in order to the trial day. The words probably refer to some noted high of the obedient, and the destruction of the rebellious. place, which the Jews frequented to perform their | W. Lowth, idolatrous worship. W. Lowth. The very word told 37. – under the rod,] Both of correction and guidance. them their wickedness, that they acted against the ex- Bp. Hall. press will of God, and framed themselves to the idol - into the bond of the covenant :] And I will recall atries of the nations. Poole.
| you to the memory and recognition of that bond and 31.— I will not be enquired of by you.] I will answer mutual covenant which has been made between us. Bp. you as little as you regard Me. Poole.
Hall. 32. — that which cometh into your mind shall not be at Or, “I will bring you into the discipline of My coveall, &c.] The Jews had all along a fond desire of wor- | nant;" that is, bring you into the chastisement due for shipping the gods of their neighbours, and could not breaking My covenant, Lev. xxvi. 25. W. Lowth, Abp. bear that imputation of singularity, to which their pe Newcome, culiar way of worship exposed them. They thought | 38. — will purge out] I will separate the righteous likewise, by worshipping the gods of the heathen, to live from the wicked; see ver. 37. This may be understood more undisturbedly among them; but God tells them of the captive Israelites in Chaldea and Babylon ; God here, that He will prevent this purpose of their's from well knew how to distinguish among the captives, the taking effect. W. Lowth.
just from the unjust. He will bring back the former 33. — surely with a mighty hand, &c.] I will no longer into their country, and will disperse the latter into every try to reclaim you by the gentle methods of patience part of the world. The passage may have further reand forbearance, but will govern you, as masters do re- ference to the Jews who rejected our Saviour; they bellious servants, by stripes and corrections, and thus have been driven from their country, and have not recure you of your hankering after heathen customs and entered the land of Israel. Calmet. idolatries. W. Lowth.
39. — Go ye,] A permission, full of indignation and 34. And I will bring you out from the people, &c.] rebuke. W. Lowth." See the notes on Numb. xxi. 20; You would have Me abandon you for ever, as the na- | 2 Kings i. 17, 18. tions whom I suffer to go on quietly in their ways. But 40. For in mine holy mountain, &c.) But for you, who I will punish you, and retain you in your allegiance to are the true spiritual seed of faithful Israel, you shall all Me. Calmet,
serve Me in My holy Church, and I will both expect 35. And I will bring you into the wilderness of the peo- and graciously accept of those services and devotions ple, &c.] I will bring you into the desert land of your which ye shall offer unto Me. Bp. Hall. captivity under the heathen, and there will I argue this -- all of them in the land,] All of the house of Is
Ezekiel foresheweth the
CHAP. XX, XXI.
destruction of Jerusalem. Before offerings, and the firstfruits of your the south, and prophesy against the a
Proy asam Mc CHRIST 593. oblations, with all your holy things. forest of the south field;
41 I will accept you with your 47 And say to the forest of the
from the people, and gather you out Thus saith the Lord God; Behold,
and every dry tree: the flaming flame
43 And there shall ye remember not be quenched.
i Ezekiel prophesieth against Jerusalem with 44 And ye shall know that I am
a sign of sighing. 8 The sharp and bright
45 g Moreover the word of the 2 Son of man, set thy face toward
46 Son of man, set thy face toward the holy places, and prophesy against
the south, and drop thy word toward the land of Israel, rael that are restored shall serve Me; there shall be no were alike to be led into captivity; though in other resseparation of tribes. Abp. Newcome.
pects a great difference was made between them. W. - your offerings, and the firstfruits of your obla- | Lowth, Abp. Newcome.. tions,] The Prophet here expresses the Christian wor -- and all faces from the south to the north] From ship by those religious oblations which were proper to one end of the land to the other. The length of Judah his own time; as the other Prophets frequently de- lay north and south. Poole. scribe the state of the Christian Church by representa-/ 49. – Doth he not speak parables?] They complain of tions taken from the Jewish temple and service, Isai. the obscurity of my prophecies. Bp. Hall. God therexix. 19; lvi. 7; lx. 7; lxvi. 23. W. Lowth.
| fore commands him, chap. xxi, to utter plainly what, 43. - and ye shall lothe yourselves] See chap. vi. 9; ver. 47, 48, he was here instructed to deliver parabolixvi. 63.
cally. W. Lowth, Abp. Newcome. 44. And ye shall know that I am the Lord, &c.] As in The foregoing chapter presents us with a detail of the the height of God's vengeance on the sins of this favours, conferred by God upon the Jews; of their inwretched people, the distant prospect always terminated gratitude for His blessings, and insensibility to His in a mercy; so with a mercy and a promise of better warnings; and of the severe judgments, which were for times the whole of this prophetick scene is closed, in this reason to overtake them. God has done infinitely order that those, to whom it is addressed, should, how-more for us than for the Jews; He has redeemed us by ever criminal, not be left in an utter state of desperation, His only Son, our Lord Jesus Christ; He has given us but be afforded some shadow of repose in the prospect the knowledge of His holy laws, by which we may obof future peace and tranquillity. The idea of mercy is tain life; and the warnings, which He gives us, to innaturally attached to that of repentance and reforma- duce us to serve and fear Him, are not less express, nor tion; and with mercy the prophecy ends. Bp. War- less frequent, than those addressed to His ancient peoburton.
ple. If, after all, we fall into infidelity and disobedience, 45. Moreover the word &c.] The next chapter should we shall be infinitely more criminal than the Jews, and have begun here; as what is contained in the 2d and our punishment will be proportionally more severe. following verses of that chapter is an explanation of Ostervald. what is included in the latter part of this. Grotius, Houbigant.
Chap. XXI. ver. 2. Son of man, set thy face] Without 46. — the forest of the south &c.] Ezekiel was in the all parables I say unto thee plainly, “ Set thy face tonorthern part of Chaldea, and therefore Judea was to ward Jerusalem.” Bp. Hall. the south of him. Abp. Secker supposes, that a city is set thy face, — drop thy word, - prophesy] These called a forest, rather from its inhabitants than its build- expressions are correspondent to those at chap. xx. 46. ings. In this verse there are three Hebrew words for Abp. Newcome. the “south.” Abp. Newcome.
- the holy places,] The temple and the several 47. – every green tree &c.] The righteous as well as courts, which were holy in different degrees. Abp. the wicked, see chap, xxi. 3. Many of these two classes Newcome.
go into water.
against Jerusalem. Before 3 And say to the land of Israel, / 10 It is sharpened to make a sore Before
CHRIST Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I am slaughter; it is furbished that it may 593. against thee, and will draw forth my glitter: should we then make mirth? swcrid out of his sheath, and will cut i it contemneth the rod of my son, as || 0r, it is the
rod of my son, off from thee the righteous and the every tree. wicked.
11 And he hath given it to be every tree. 4 Seeing then that I will cut off furbished, that it may be handled : from thee the righteous and the wicked, this sword is sharpened, and it is furtherefore shall my sword go forth out bished, to give it into the hand of the of his sheath against all flesh from the slayer. south to the north:
12 Cry and howl, son of man: for 5 That all flesh may know that I it shall be upon my people, it shall be the Lord have drawn forth my sword upon all the princes of Israel: || ter- ! Or, they are
thrust doan out of his sheath: it shall not return rors by reason of the sword shall be to the strurd
with my any more. upon my people: a smite therefore
people. 6 Sigh therefore, thou son of man, upon thy thigh.
a Jer. 31. 19. with the breaking of thy loins; and 13 || Because it is a trial, and what ! or, then
the trial hath with bitterness sigh before their eyes. if the sword contemn even the rod ? been, what
7 And it shall be, when they say it shall be no more, saith the Lord They not also unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? God.
belong to the
despising rod? that thou shalt answer, For the tid- 14 Thou therefore, son of man, ings; because it cometh: and every prophesy, and smite thine | hands Heb hand heart shall melt, and all hands shall be together, and let the sword be dou
feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and bled the third time, the sword of the + Heb. shall all knees t shall be weak as water: be- slain : it is the sword of the great
hold, it cometh, and shall be brought men that are slain, which enteretlı
into their privy chambers.
glittering, or, came unto me, saying,
sword against all their gates, that fear.
16 Go thee one way or other, either ***
--- -- --3. — the righteous and the wicked.] A plain reference shall be no more; see ver. 27; the regal succession to the green tree and the dry, chap. xx. 47. I will sweep | shall end in Zedekiah. Abp. Newcome. every man in the common destruction; the righteous 14. — smite thine hands together,] A sign of grief, will I remove to their advantage and glory; the wicked chap. vi. 11; of rage, Numb. xxiv. 10; of astonishto their confusion. Bp. Hall.
ment, chap. xxii, 13. But many think it here a gesture 5. — it shall not return any more.] Into its sheath; as of encouragement to the victorious Chaldeans. Abp. the sense is more fully expressed, ver. 30; till it has Newcome. executed My commands. W. Lowth. The word of the --- and let the sword be doubled the third time, the king of Babylon is meant, the instrument of God's sword of the slain :) The expression may mean no more vengeance. Calmet.
than if the Prophet had said, “Let the stroke be repeated 6. Sigh therefore — with the breaking of thy loins ;] twice and thrice," that is, “ oftentimes.” So that phrase Sigh so deeply and so strongly as to break thy girdle is used, Job xxxiii. 29, “ All these things worketh God from thy loins, and by this sighing intimate unto them twice and thrice with man," where our translation very that great sorrow which is coming unto them. Bp. Hall. fitly expresses the sense “ oftentimes.” A form of See Jer. xxiii. 9; Dan. vii. 28.
speech, much like those elsewhere used; “For three 10.- it contemneth the rod of my son, as every tree.] transgressions, and for four," Amos i. 3. “Give a It makes no distinction between the sceptre and common portion to seven, and also to eight," Eccles. xi. 2. W. wood; between the branches of the royal family, whom Lowth. I honoured with the title of My sons, (Ps. lxxxix, 26,) “ The sword of the slain” in this verse should proand the meanest of the people. W. Lowth.
bably be rendered “ the sword of the soldiers," that is, 11.- of the slayer.] Of the king of Babylon. W. ) of the Babylonians; and “the sword of the great men Lowth.
that are slain” should be “the sword of the great sol12. — smite therefore upon thy thigh.] An action ex-dier,” that is, of the warlike king of Babylon, for thus pressive of grief; compare chap. vi. 11 ; Jer. xxxi. 19; it is expressly called in the 19th verse, “ the sword of where see the note.
the king of Babylon." Dr. Kennicott. 13. Because it is a trial,1 A calamity. W. Lowth.
into their privy chambers.) Whither they went The sense may be, “ for the firmness of the sword has to hide themselves; see i Kings xxii. 25. W. Louth. been proved ; and what if it destroy not only the com- | 15. — wrapped up] In the scabbard, but sharpened mon branches, but even the rod of the sceptre ?" Abp. and ready for slaughter. Calmet. Newcome.
16. Go thee - either on the right hand, or on the left.] it shall be no more,] The diadem and throne The words are addressed to the sword, which is directed
+ Heb. mother
the left hand.
A sword drawn
against Israel, Before r on the right hand, f or on the left,, at the + parting of the way, at the Before
CHRIST 593. whithersoever thy face is set.
head of the two ways, to use divi- 593. 17 I will also smite mine hands nation : he made his || arrows bright, thyself, take together, and I will cause my fury to he consulted with + images, he looked of the way.
rest: I the Lord have said it. in the liver.
18 I The word of the Lord came 22 At his right hand was the divi- teraphim. unto me again, saying,
nation for Jerusalem, to appoint 19 Also, thou son of man, appoint || + captains, to open the mouth in the lor, thee two ways, that the sword of the slaughter, to lift up the voice with rams. king of Babylon may come: both shouting, to appoint battering rams twain shall come forth out of one against the gates, to cast a mount, land : and choose thou a place, choose and to build a fort. it at the head of the way to the city. 23 And it shall be unto them as a
20 Appoint a way, that the sword false divination in their sight, || to | Or, for the
that they may be taken.
+ Heb. rams.
to go through the land without restraint, to the south or the human form, Hos. iii. 4; and it is apparent from to the north; these two quarters being expressed in the several passages of Scripture, that they were consulted Hebrew language by the right and left; see chap. xvi. as oracles. Dr. E. Pocock. Gen. xxxi. 19; 1 Sam. 46, and note. W. Lowth.
xv. 23, &c. 17. — my fury to rest :) See chap. v. 13; xxiv. 13. - he looked in the liver.] The practice of predicting
19. — appoint thee two ways, “ Describe or paint the future by inspecting the fibres of the liver in an two roads diverging from one.” God foreshews His animal recently killed, was very common in antiquity. Prophet, that the king of Babylon, coming with his Grotius conjectures, that the Chaldeans communicated army into Syria, and finding that the Ammonites had this superstitious custom to the Lydians, the Lydians entered into a confederacy with Egypt as well as Zede- to the Tuscans, and the Tuscans to the people of Italy. kiah, was in doubt against which of the two people he Calmet. should first make war; and committed the decision of 22. At his right hand was the divination for Jerusalem,] this matter to his arts of divination, described ver. 21. His divinations shew that he was to go to the right W. Louth.
hand; that is, towards Jerusalem. Dathius. Suppos20.— to Rabbath] Or, Rabbah, chap. xxv. 5; the ing the face towards the east, the southern branch of chief city of the Ammonites, 2 Sam. xii. 26: Jer. xlix. 2. the two roads, which was towards the right hand, led
21. For the king of Babylon stood at the parting of the towards Jerusalem ; for this city lay to the south of way, — to use divination : he made his arrows bright,] | Rabbah. You must represent Nebuchadnezzar as This way of divining by arrows is thus described by coming from Dan, and marching along the Jordan. St. Jerome, in his cominentary upon this place: “They Here Rabbah was situated at the left hand, and Jeruwrote on several arrows the names of the cities they salem at the right. Abp. Newcome, Michaelis. intended to assault, and then putting them all together In coming from beyond the Euphrates into Syria and promiscuously in a quiver, they drew them out thence Phenicia, they commonly took their journey through as lots are drawn; and that city whose name was writ Damascus. They passed the Euphrates at Thapsacus; ten on the arrow first drawn, was the city they first entered into Palestine by the plain of Libanus, under made war upon.” W. Lowth.
mount Hermon, and crossed the Jordan above the lake - he made his arrows bright,) Or rather, he min- Semochonites. They did not come directly from Bagled his arrows; which sense of the word agrees better bylon through Arabia Deserta, the shortest route, on with the description of this kind of divination given by account of the sterility of the country. Calmet. St. Jerome. It is preferred by Dr. Pocock, who confirms. Though the manner, which the king of Babylon this exposition from the Arabick use of the word, and chose to determine him what course to take, was such, also by Houbigant. W. Lowth, Abp. Newcome. yet God was pleased so to direct it, that he turned first
Abp. Potter notices the practice among the Greeks, against Jerusalem. God governs all things by His in which divination was made by arrows shaken together providence: He ever presides over such events as we in a quiver. The method of divination practised by imagine to depend upon mere chance; and, generally the idolatrous Arabs, but forbidden by the Koran, is speaking, over the actions of men: so that men, withtoo singular to be unnoticed. “Seven divining arrows out knowing it, become the instruments of executing were kept at the temple of Mecca; but generally in di what He has resolved to do or permit. Ostervald. vination, the idolatrous Arabs made use of three only; - to appoint captains, to open the mouth in the on one was written, ‘My lord hath commanded me;' slaughter,] Whose office it was to encourage the army on another, ‘My lord hath forbidden me;' and the third to fall upon the enemy and destroy them. W. Lowth. was blank. If the first was drawn, they looked upon 23. And it shall be unto them as a false divination] But it as an approbation of the enterprise in question; if this process shall be unto the Jews, when some of their the second, they made a contrary conclusion ; but if the friends behold it, and report it at Jerusalem, as a dethird happened to be drawn, they mixed them and drew ceitful lot, such as the event would not verify; it shall over again, till a decisive answer was given by one of even appear so to the Jews, who had sworn false oaths the others.” Abp. Newcome.
to the Chaldeans, (2 Chron. xxxvi. 13,) and ought - he consulted with images,] In Hebrew “tera- therefore to have expected the Divine vengeance. But phim,” which signifies all sorts of idols, principally of lhe (Nebuchadnezzar) is mindful of their perjury, and
Or, Cause it to relurr.
# Heb. Perverted, perverted, perverted,
and against the kingdom.
EZEKIEL. The destruction of the Ammonites. Before God; Because ye have made your 30 || Shall I cause it to return into Before
iniquity to be remembered, in that his sheath ? I will judge thee in the 593.
against thee in the fire of my wrath,
26 Thus saith the Lord God; Re- fire; thy blood shall be in the midst
princes, and people.
29 Whiles they see vanity unto Lord God: The city sheddeth blood
2 b 2 Kings 21. quity shall have an end.
blood that thou hast b shed; and hast 16.
gladly turns his arms first against them, to revenge - the Ammonites, and concerning their reproach ;] himself on them. Abp. Newcome.
They insulted over their brethren the Jews, for which 25. And thou, profane wicked prince of Israel, The they are often reproved very severely by the Prophets, words are addressed to king Zedekiah, whom the Pro- and threatened with like judgments. See chap. xxv. 2 phet calls “profane” and “wicked,” chiefly with re- / -6; Zeph. i. 8, 10. W. Lowth. spect to his breaking that solemn oath uttered in the 29. Whiles they see vanity unto thee, whiles they diname of God, whereby he had engaged himself to be vine a lie &c.] While thy wizards feed thee with false tributary to the king of Babylon, chap. xvii. 19. W. predictions to stir thee up against those already miseraLowth.
ble and distressed Israelites, against those wicked 26. - exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high.] / revolters from Me, whose judgment is now to be fully As Zedekiah shall be brought down from his kingly accomplished. Bp. Hall. dignity, so another branch of that family, namely Christ, - to bring thee upon the necks of them that are slain, (see ver. 27,) shall be advanced from an obscure original To add thee to the number of those who are slain in and low condition, to the supreme degree of sovereignty. Judea, and make thy condition like theirs. W. Lowth, W. Lowth.
Calmet. 27. I will overturn, - it: and it shall be no more, 30. — in the land of thy nativity.] The Ammonites until he come whose right it is ; and I will give it him.] || were destroyed in their own country. The Jewish This is a threat, that the kingdom should never recover nation was sent into captivity. W. Lowth, Abp. Newits former glory and strength, but consume, till the come. sceptre should be quite taken away from Judah, and 31. – blow against theel To melt thee, as it were, in way be made for the Messiah, who is He that was to the furnace. See chap. xxii. 20, 21. Abp. Newcome. come, whose was the dominion, and to whom the Father 32. — thou shalt be no more remembered :) See chap. would give it: so that the final desolation of the tem- xxv. 10. The Jewish nation still subsists. The Amporal kingdom of the seed of David is here threatened, monites are lost in the mass of mankind, and have been and the eternal kingdom of the Messiah is promised. I long forgotten. Abp. Newcome. The triple use of the word “overturn,” expresses the certainty of the event. Poole
Chap. XXII. ver. 2. — wilt thou judge,] See chap. 28. And thou, son of man, &c.] In ver. 19, 20, Rab- / xx. 4. bath, the chief city of the Ammonites, was mentioned, - the bloody city ?] See chap. xxiii. 37, 45 ; as being in equal danger with Jerusalem. God here xxiv. 6, 9; 2 Kings xxi. 16. directs the Prophet to resume the subject of Rabbath, 3. — that her time may come, See chap. vü. 7. Her and to declare the ruin of it. Poole.
time of punishment and vengeance. Abp. Newcome,