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manacles,

God's promise to Ebed-melech. JEREMIAH.

Jeremiah goeth to Gedaliah. Before those that fell away, that fell to him, | 18 For I will surely deliver thee, c 588., with the rest of the people that re- and thou shalt not fall by the sword,, 588. mained.

but thy life shall be for a prey unto
10 But Nebuzar-adan the captain thee: because thou hast put thy trust
of the guard left of the poor of the in me, saith the LORD.
people, which had nothing, in the

CHAP. XL.
land of Judah, and gave them vine-
| Heb. in yards and fields f at the same time.

1 Jeremiah, being set free by Nebuzar-adan,

goeth to Gedaliah. 7 The dispersed Jews 11 | Now Nebuchadrezzar king of repair unto him. 13 Johanan revealing

Babylon gave charge concerning Je Ishmael's conspiracy is not believed. + Heb. by the remiah † to Nebuzar-adan the captain THE word that came to Jeremiah of the guard, saying,

1. from the Lord, after that Nebu-
12 Take him, and † look well to zar-adan the captain of the guard had
him, and do him no harm; but do unto let him go from Ramah, when he had
him even as he shall say unto thee. taken him being bound in || chains lor,...

13 So Nebuzar-adan the captain of among all that were carried away
the guard sent, and Nebushasban, captive of Jerusalem and Judah, which
Rab-saris, and Nergal-sharezer, Rab- were carried away captive unto Baby-
mag, and all the king of Babylon's lon.
princes;

2 And the captain of the guard
14 Even they sent, and took Jere- took Jeremiah, and said unto him,
miah out of the court of the prison, The LORD thy God hath pronounced
and committed him unto Gedaliah the this evil upon this place.
son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, 3 Now the Lord hath brought it,
that he should carry him home: so he and done according as he hath said:
dwelt among the people.

because ye have sinned against the
15 | Now the word of the LORD Lord, and have not obeyed his voice,
came unto Jeremiah, while he was shut therefore this thing is come upon you.
up in the court of the prison, saying, 4 And now, behold, I loose thee

16 Go and speak to Ebed-melech this day from the chains which were the Ethiopian, saying, Thus saith the upon thine hand. If it seem good Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; unto thee to come with me into BabyBehold, I will bring my words upon lon, come; and +I will look well + Heb. I will this city for evil, and not for good; unto thee: but if it seem ill unto thee upon thee. and they shall be accomplished in that to come with me into Babylon, forday before thee.

bear: behold, all the land is before 17 But I will deliver thee in that thee; whither it seemeth good and day, saith the LORD: and thou shalt convenient for thee to go, thither go. not be given into the hand of the 5 Now while he was not yet gone men of whom thou art afraid. back, he said, Go back also to Geda

sono he should the people of the

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city, and those that fell away,] Compare 2 Kings xxv. those, who protect the innocent, and undertake the 11. He carried away the fugitives or deserters, that defence of the oppressed servants of God, receive the went over to the Chaldeans during the siege, as well as reward of their zeal and piety. Ostervald. those whom he found in the city when it was taken. Ebed-melech is here again called the Ethiopian, ver. W. Lowth.

16, to the reproach of the Jews, that a stranger should 11. Now Nebuchadrezzar gave charge &c.] He was shew more kindness to a Prophet of the Lord, than any informed that the Prophet had exhorted both king and of that nation to whom he was specially sent. Poole. people to submit to his authority; see chap. xxviii. 11; xxxviii. 17, 18: had his advice been listened to, it would Chap. XL. The five following chapters contain a have prevented the expense and labour of so long a particular account of what passed in the land of Judah, siege, and the bloodshed which attended it. W. Lowth. from the taking of Jerusalem to the retreat of the peo

14. - committed him unto Gedaliah] After he had ple into Egypt : and the prophecies of Jeremiah confirst been carried out of Jerusalem with the rest of the cerning them there. Dr. Blayney. captives, as far as Ramah. See chap. xl. 1-5. W. Ver. 1. The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lowth.

Lord] This relates to the prophecy set down chap. It is to be observed, that Jeremiah was saved at the xlii. 7; which was occasioned by the narrative that here taking of Jerusalem; and that Ebed-melech, who had follows concerning Ishmael's conspiracy against Gedasaved the life of Jeremiah, was also himself spared, as liah. W. Lowth.God had promised, because he had put his trust in Him. 4. - behold, all the land is before thee:] Thou mayest These are two instances of the protection, which God choose through the whole land whatever place thou wilt vouchsafes to good men in times of calamity. What to live in: it is at thy disposal. See the like phrase happened to Ebed-melech shews in particular, that Gen. xiii. 9; xx. 15; xxiv, 51. Calmet.

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The dispersed Jews repair to him. CHAP. XL, XLI. Ishmael's conspiracy revealed.
c Before, liah the son of Ahikam the son of were in Moab, and among the Am- Before
588. Shaphan, whom the king of Babylon monites, and in Edom, and that were 588.

hath made governor over the cities of in all the countries, heard that the
Judah, and dwell with him among king of Babylon had left a remnant
the people: or go wheresoever it of Judah, and that he had set over
seemeth convenient unto thee to go. them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the
So the captain of the guard gave him son of Shaphan;
victuals and a reward, and let him 12 Even all the Jews returned out
go.

of all places whither they were driven,
6 Then went Jeremiah unto Geda- and came to the land of Judah, to
liah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; Gedaliah, unto Mizpah, and gathered
and dwelt with him among the people wine and summer fruits very much.
that were left in the land.

13 | Moreover Johanan the son of 7 | Now when all the captains of Kareah, and all the captains of the the forces which were in the fields, forces that were in the fields, came to even they and their men, heard that Gedaliah to Mizpah, the king of Babylon had made Geda- 14 And said unto him, Dost thou liah the son of Ahikam governor in certainly know that Baalis the king of the land, and had committed unto the Ammonites hath sent Ishmael the him men, and women, and children, son of Nethaniah + to slay thee? But + Heb. 1o and of the poor of the land, of them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed soul? that were not carried away captive to them not. Babylon;

15 Then Johanan the son of Ka-
8 Then they came to Gedaliah to reah spake to Gedaliah in Mizpah
Mizpah, even İshmael the son of Ne- secretly, saying, Let me go, I pray
thaniah, and Johanan and Jonathan thee, and I will slay Ishmael the son
the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the of Nethaniah, and no man shall know
son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of it: wherefore should he slay thee,
Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah that all the Jews which are gathered
the son of a Maachathite, they and unto thee should be scattered, and
their men.

the remnant in Judah perish ?
9 And Gedaliah the son of Ahikam 16 But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam
the son of Shaphan sware unto them said unto Johanan the son of Kareah,

and to their men, saying, Fear not Thou shalt not do this thing: for
Heb, tot to serve the Chaldeans : dwell in thou speakest falsely of Ishmael.
And su ver. the land, and serve the king of Baby-
lon, and it shall be well with you.

CHAP. XLI. 10 As for me, behold, I will dwell

1 Ishmael, treacherously killing Gedaliah and at Mizpah, to serve the Chaldeans, others, purposeth with the residue to flee which will come unto us: but ye, unto the Ammonites. 11 Johanan recovereth gather ye wine, and summer fruits,

the captives, and mindeth to flee into
and oil, and put them in your vessels,

Egypt.
and dwell in your cities that ye have N OW it came to pass in the
taken.

seventh month, that Ishmael the
11 Likewise when all the Jews that son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama,

1 Heb, lo stand before :

10.

6.- Mizpah ;] A place of note in the times of the ii. 48. The same person is called Jezaniah the son of judges; see Judg. xx. 1; 1 Sam. vii. 5, 6; and the notes | Hoshaiah, chap. xlii. 1. W. Lowth. there. It was afterwards rebuilt by king Asa, 1 Kings 10. behold, I will dwell at Mizpah, &c.] I keep my XV. 22. W. Lowth.

residence here, to be ready to obey any orders, which 7. Now when all the captains of the forces which were the king of Babylon shall send me by his servants. W. in the fields, &c.] By the taking of Jerusalem, the Lowth. Chaldeans made a complete conquest of Judea : where- 11. Likewise when all the Jews that were in Moab, &c.] upon the Jewish army with its commanders fled, chap. See the notes on chap. xii. 14 ; xv. 4. xxxix. 4 ; and dispersed themselves into several parts 14. Baalis the king of the Ammonites hath sent Ishof the country. But upon the news of Gedaliah’s being mael - to slay thee?] The king of the Ammonites had appointed governour of the land, they all repaired to concerted this matter with Ishmael, with a view of him. W. Lowth.

making the Jews, who still remained in their own coun8. the Netophathite,] Of Netophah, a town men-try, his vassals. See chap. xli. 10. W. Lowth. tioned in Ezra i. 22. W. Lowth.

- Jezaniah the son of a Maachathite.] Descended Chap. XLI. ver. 1. - the seventh month,1 Answering probably from Maachah, Caleb's concubine, 1 Chron. partly to our September, and partly to October. The

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Ishmael treacherously killeth

JEREMIAH.

Gedaliah and others.
Beforen of the seed royal, and the princes of 7 And it was so, when they came cu
588. the king, even ten men with him, into the midst of the city, that Ishmael 588.

came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahi- the son of Nethaniah slew them, and
kam to Mizpah ; and there they did cast them into the midst of the pit, he,
eat bread together in Mizpah. and the men that were with him.

2 Then arose Ishmael the son of 8 But ten men were found among
Nethaniah, and the ten men that were them that said unto Ishmael, Slay us
with him, and smote Gedaliah the not: for we have treasures in the
son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan field, of wheat, and of barley, and of
with the sword, and slew him, whom oil, and of honey. So he forbare,
the king of Babylon had made go- and slew them not among their bre-
vernor over the land.

thren.
3 Ishmael also slew all the Jews 9 Now the pit wherein Ishmael
that were with him, even with Geda- bad cast all the dead bodies of the
liah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans men, whom he had slain || + because Or, near
that were found there, and the men of Gedaliah, was it which Asa the + Heb. by the
of war.

king had made for fear of Baasha
4 And it came to pass the second | king of Israel : and Ishmael the son Gedaliah.
day after he had slain Gedaliah, and of Nethaniah filled it with them that
no man knew it,

were slain.
5 That there came certain from 10 Then Ishmael carried away
Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Sa- captive all the residue of the people
maria, even fourscore men, having that were in Mizpah, even the king's
their beards shaven, and their clothes daughters, and all the people that
rent, and having cut themselves, with remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzar-
offerings and incense in their hand, adan the captain of the guard had
to bring them to the house of the committed to Gedaliah the son of
LORD.

Ahikam: and Ishmael the son of
6 And Ishmael the son of Nethan- | Nethaniah carried them away captive,
iah went forth from Mizpah to meet and departed to go over to the Am-
them, tweeping all along as he went: monites.
and it came to pass, as he met them, 11 q But when Johanan the son of
he said unto them, Come to Gedaliah Kareah, and all the captains of the
the son of Ahikam.

forces that were with him, heard of all

hand, or, by
the side of

+ Heb. in going and weeping.

murder of Gedaliah gave occasion to the fast of the se 1 - of wheat, &c.] In Barbary, when the grain is venth month, which the Jews observed after their return winnowed, they lodge it in subterraneous repositories : from captivity. See Zech. vii. 5; viii. 19. W. Lowth. two or three hundred of which are sometimes together,

3. Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, the smallest holding four hundred bushels. Dr. Shau. That is, all those that joined in opposing Ishmael, and These are very common in other parts of the East: as, assisting Gedaliah : for several of the commanders, as near Aleppo; Dr. Russell : in Turkey; Sir J. Chardin : well as the greatest part of the people, were still left in the Holy Land ; Le Bruyn and Rauwolf: and in many alive, as appears from the sequel of the story, ver. 10, places the people bury in them, not their corn only, but 11. W. Lowth.

their wine; Sir J. Chardin : and other effects that are 5. having their beards shaven, &c.] These were not portable. Hist, of the Piratical States of Barbary. tokens of great mourning, by which these persons ex- The“ treasures in the field” which Jeremiah speaks of, pressed their grief for the destruction of the city and were doubtless laid up in the same kind of repositories. temple. Such expressions of sorrow were forbidden to Harmer. be used at funeral obsequies; see Levit. xix. 27, 28; - of oil,] The modern Greeks keep their oil in but might be lawfully used upon other mournful occa- | | large earthen jars, sunk in the ground, in the areas besions. W. Lowth. See the note on 2 Sam. x. 4. fore their houses. Dr. Chandler. The ancient Jews

- to bring them to the house of the Lord.] Though appear to have had the same custom of burying their the temple was destroyed, it may be presumed that the oil in the earth : this being a time of danger, it is to be people continued to offer up sacrifices and offerings on supposed that they chose the most unlikely places, the spot where it stood, as long as they continued in where such concealment would be least suspected. the land; for we find this began to be their practice Harmer. soon after their return, before the temple was rebuilt. 9. Now the pit-was it which Asa the king had made] See Ezra ïï. 2, 3, &c. Dr. Blayney.

The word, rendered “pit," signifies a bason, cistern, 6. — weeping all along as he went :) Counterfeiting a or reservoir; a large pit for receiving rain water, which mutual sorrow with them, and expressing it very passion. Asa, who built and fortified Mizpah at the time he was ately all the way. Bp. Hall.

at war with Baasha king of Israel, (1 Kings xv. 22,) 8.- Slay us not : for we have treasures in the field,] caused to be made in the midst of the city, in order Intimating, that they would make him master of what that the people might not be in want of so necessary an they possessed, if he would spare their lives. W. Lowth. I article in the case of a siege. Reservoirs of this kind

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The captives are recovered. CHAP. XLI, XLII. The captains promise obedience. Before the evil that Ishmael the son of Ne-| Kareah, and Jezaniah the son of Ho- Before 588. thaniah had done,

shaiah, and all the people from the 588. 12 Then they took all the men, I least even unto the greatest, came and went to fight with Ishmael the near, son of Nethaniah, and found him by 2 And said unto Jeremiah the prothe great waters that are in Gibeon. phet, || Let, we beseech thee, our ! or, Let our

13 Now it came to pass, that when supplication be accepted before thee, fall before all the people which were with Ish- and pray for us unto the LORD thy mael saw Johanan the son of Kareah, God, even for all this remnant; (for and all the captains of the forces that we are left but a few of many, as were with him, then they were glad. thine eyes do behold us :)

14 So all the people that Ishmael 3 That the LORD thy God 'may had carried away captive from Miz- shew us the way wherein we may pah cast about and returned, and went walk, and the thing that we may do. unto Johanan the son of Kareah. 4 Then Jeremiah the prophet said

15 But Ishmael the son of Nethan- unto them, I have heard you ; be-
iah escaped from Johanan with eight hold, I will pray unto the Lord your
men, and went to the Ammonites. God according to your words; and it

16 Then took Johanan the son of shall come to pass, that whatsoever
Kareah, and all the captains of the thing the Lord shall answer you, I
forces that were with him, all the will declare it unto you; I will keep
remnant of the people whom he had nothing back from you.
recovered from Ishmael the son of 5 Then they said to Jeremiah, The
Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after that Lord be a true and faithful witness
he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahi- between us, if we do not even accord-
kam, even mighty men of war, and the ing to all things for the which the
women, and the children, and the Lord thy God shall send thee to us.
eunuchs, whom he had brought again 6 Whether it be good, or whether
from Gibeon:

| it be evil, we will obey the voice of
17 And they departed, and dwelt the Lord our God, to whom we send
in the habitation of Chimham, which thee; that it may be well with us,
is by Bethlehem, to go to enter into when we obey the voice of the LORD
Egypt, .

our God.
18 Because of the Chaldeans: for 7 | And it came to pass after ten
they were afraid of them, because days, that the word of the LORD came
Ishinael the son of Nethaniah had unto Jeremiah.
slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, 8 Then called he Johanan the son
whom the king of Babylon made of Kareah, and all the captains of the
governor in the land.

forces which were with him, and all
CHAP. XLII.

the people from the least even to the

greatest,
1 Johanan desireth Jeremiah to enquire of 1° 9 And said unto them, Thus saith

God, promising obedience to his will. 7
Jeremiah assureth him of safety in Judea,

the LORD, the God of Israel, unto
13 and destruction in Egypt. 19 He re- whom ye sent me to present your
proveth their hypocrisy, in requiring of the supplication before him ;

Lord that which they meant not. | 10 If ye will still abide in this
W HEN all the captains of the land, then will I build you, and not

I forces, and Johanan the son of pull you down, and I will plant you, were much in use in Palestine, as St. Jerome tells us the Chaldeans should impute this insurrection to the in his commentary upon Amos iv. 7, 8. Each private whole body of the Jews, that were left in the land, as family seems to have had one of these pits or reservoirs if they were desirous of restoring the government to the for its own use. “Drink ye every one the waters of his royal family, to which Ishmael belonged, ver. 1. W. own cistern," his pit or reservoir, says Rabshakeh to Lowth. the people of Jerusalem, Isai. xxxvi. 16. Dr. Bluyney.

12. - the great waters that are in Gibeon.) Called Chap. XLII. ver. 3. That the Lord thy God may shew " the pool" or lake of Gibeon, 2 Sam. ii. 13. Dr. us the way. It is the constant method of hypocrites to Blayney.

pretend a profound submission to the will of God, till 17. the habitation of Chimham,] A parcel of ground it crosses their inclinations or interest. W. Lowth. which David had settled upon Chimham, the son of 6. Whether it be good, or whether it be evil,] Whether Barzillai, 2 Sam. xix. 38, 40. W. Lowth.

it be pleasing to us, or whether it be grievous and dis18. Because of the Chaldeans :) They were afraid lest pleasing, we will be sure to do it. Bp. Hall.

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you you, O LORD har

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They are assured of safety in Judea. JEREMIAH.

Their hypocrisy reproved. 7 and not pluck you up: for I repent hosts, the God of Israel; As mine Before about 588. me of the evil that I have done unto anger and my fury hath been poured about 588. you.

| forth upon the inhabitants of Jeru-
11 Be not afraid of the king of salem ; so shall my fury be poured
Babylon, of whom ye are afraid; be forth upon you, when ye shall enter
not afraid of him, saith the LORD : into Egypt: and ye shall be an exe-
for I am with you to save you, and to cration, and an astonishment, and a
deliver you from his hand.

curse, and a reproach ; and ye shall
12 And I will shew mercies unto see this place no more.
you, that he may have mercy upon 19 q The Lord hath said concern-
you, and cause you to return to your ing you, O ye remnant of Judah; Go
own land.

ye not into Egypt: know certainly
13 9 But if ye say, We will not that I have t admonished you this day. # Heb.
dwell in this land, neither obey the 20 For || ye dissembled in your against you.
voice of the LORD your God,

hearts, when ye sent me unto the Or, ye hare
14 Saying, No; but we will go | LORD your God, saying, Pray for us against your
into the land of Egypt, where we unto the LORD our God; and accord- *
shall see no war, nor hear the sound ing unto all that the Lord our God
of the trumpet, nor have hunger of shall say, so declare unto us, and we
bread; and there will we dwell: will do it.

15 And now therefore hear the 21 And now I have this day de-
word of the LORD, ye remnant of clared it to you; but ye have not
Judah; Thus saith the Lord of hosts, obeyed the voice of the LORD your
the God of Israel; If ye wholly set God, nor any thing for the which he
your faces to enter into Egypt, and hath sent me unto you.
go to sojourn there;

22 Now therefore know certainly
16 Then it shall come to pass, that that ye shall die by the sword, by the

famine, and by the pestilence, in the take you there in the land of Egypt, place whither ye desire to go and to

and the famine, whereof ye were sojourn. + Heb. shall afraid, t shall follow close after you

CHAP. XLIII. there in Egypt; and there ye shall

1 Johanan, discrediting Jeremiah's prophecy,
die.

carrieth Jeremiah and others into Egypt.
17 + So shall it be with all the men 8 Jeremiah prophesieth by a type the con-
that set their faces to go into Egypt quest of Egypt by the Babylonians.
to sojourn there; they shall die by AND it came to pass, that when
the sword, by the famine, and by the A Jeremiah had made an end of
pestilence: and none of them shall speaking unto all the people all the
remain or escape from the evil that I words of the LORD their God, for
will bring upon them.

which the Lord their God had sent
18 For thus saith the LORD of him to them, even all these words,

cleave after you.

+ Heb. So shall all the men be.

10.- for I repent me of the evil that I have done unto of Judah ; Go ye not into Egypt :] God commanded the you.] God is said in Scripture to repent, when He Jews by Moses not to have any commerce with Egypt; alters the outward methods of His providence. (See the see Deut. xvii. 16; that they might not practise the note on Gen. vi. 6.) So the expression here implies a idolatrous customs of that country: see Levit. xviii. 3: declaration from God, that the punishments the Jews with whose idolatries they had been defiled during have already undergone have made satisfaction to His their sojourning there : see Josh. xxiv. 14; Ezek. xx. 8. justice, as far as concerns this world, and that He will Afterwards He often reproved them by His Prophets, not continue the same severity toward them, unless they for making alliances with Egypt: see Isai. xxx. 2, &c.; give Him a new provocation. W. Lowth.

Ezek. xvii. 15. There were particular reasons at this 12. -- that he may cause you to return to your own time for so severe a prohibition, as the words here and land. I will incline the heart of the king of Babylon to in the context import; namely, because the Jews either take pity on you: see Ps. cvi. 46; and so settle you in learned several of their idolatrous practices from the your own country, from whence you were driven | Egyptians, or at least were confirmed in those evil cusduring the late war and distractions : see chap. xl. 11. toms by their example. See chap. xliv. 8, 15; Ezek. W. Lowth.

xxix. 16. Besides, it was the rival kingdom that con15. - If ye wholly set your faces to enter into Egypt, 7 tended for empire with the Babylonians. See chap. If you are fully resolved to go thither ; compare Luke xxxvii. 5; xlvi. 2. So the Jews going into Egypt for ix. 51. W. Lowth.

protection was in effect refusing to submit themselves 16. – the sword, -shall overtake you there] See chap. to the king of Babylon, to whom God had decreed the xliv. 14, 18.

government of Judea, and all the neighbouring couns 19. The Lord hath said concerning you, O ye remnant tries, chap. xxvii. 6. W. Lowth.

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