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God's promise to Ebed-melech. JEREMIAH.
Jeremiah goeth to Gedaliah. Before those that fell away, that fell to him, | 18 For I will surely deliver thee, c 588., with the rest of the people that re- and thou shalt not fall by the sword,, 588. mained.
but thy life shall be for a prey unto
1 Jeremiah, being set free by Nebuzar-adan,
goeth to Gedaliah. 7 The dispersed Jews 11 | Now Nebuchadrezzar king of repair unto him. 13 Johanan revealing
Babylon gave charge concerning Je Ishmael's conspiracy is not believed. + Heb. by the remiah † to Nebuzar-adan the captain THE word that came to Jeremiah of the guard, saying,
1. from the Lord, after that Nebu-
13 So Nebuzar-adan the captain of among all that were carried away
2 And the captain of the guard
because ye have sinned against the
16 Go and speak to Ebed-melech this day from the chains which were the Ethiopian, saying, Thus saith the upon thine hand. If it seem good Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; unto thee to come with me into BabyBehold, I will bring my words upon lon, come; and +I will look well + Heb. I will this city for evil, and not for good; unto thee: but if it seem ill unto thee upon thee. and they shall be accomplished in that to come with me into Babylon, forday before thee.
bear: behold, all the land is before 17 But I will deliver thee in that thee; whither it seemeth good and day, saith the LORD: and thou shalt convenient for thee to go, thither go. not be given into the hand of the 5 Now while he was not yet gone men of whom thou art afraid. back, he said, Go back also to Geda
sono he should the people of the
city, and those that fell away,] Compare 2 Kings xxv. those, who protect the innocent, and undertake the 11. He carried away the fugitives or deserters, that defence of the oppressed servants of God, receive the went over to the Chaldeans during the siege, as well as reward of their zeal and piety. Ostervald. those whom he found in the city when it was taken. Ebed-melech is here again called the Ethiopian, ver. W. Lowth.
16, to the reproach of the Jews, that a stranger should 11. Now Nebuchadrezzar — gave charge &c.] He was shew more kindness to a Prophet of the Lord, than any informed that the Prophet had exhorted both king and of that nation to whom he was specially sent. Poole. people to submit to his authority; see chap. xxviii. 11; xxxviii. 17, 18: had his advice been listened to, it would Chap. XL. The five following chapters contain a have prevented the expense and labour of so long a particular account of what passed in the land of Judah, siege, and the bloodshed which attended it. W. Lowth. from the taking of Jerusalem to the retreat of the peo
14. - committed him unto Gedaliah] After he had ple into Egypt : and the prophecies of Jeremiah confirst been carried out of Jerusalem with the rest of the cerning them there. Dr. Blayney. captives, as far as Ramah. See chap. xl. 1-5. W. Ver. 1. The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lowth.
Lord] This relates to the prophecy set down chap. It is to be observed, that Jeremiah was saved at the xlii. 7; which was occasioned by the narrative that here taking of Jerusalem; and that Ebed-melech, who had follows concerning Ishmael's conspiracy against Gedasaved the life of Jeremiah, was also himself spared, as liah. W. Lowth.” God had promised, because he had put his trust in Him. 4. - behold, all the land is before thee:] Thou mayest These are two instances of the protection, which God choose through the whole land whatever place thou wilt vouchsafes to good men in times of calamity. What to live in: it is at thy disposal. See the like phrase happened to Ebed-melech shews in particular, that Gen. xiii. 9; xx. 15; xxiv, 51. Calmet.
The dispersed Jews repair to him. CHAP. XL, XLI. Ishmael's conspiracy revealed.
hath made governor over the cities of in all the countries, heard that the
of all places whither they were driven,
13 | Moreover Johanan the son of 7 | Now when all the captains of Kareah, and all the captains of the the forces which were in the fields, forces that were in the fields, came to even they and their men, heard that Gedaliah to Mizpah, the king of Babylon had made Geda- 14 And said unto him, Dost thou liah the son of Ahikam governor in certainly know that Baalis the king of the land, and had committed unto the Ammonites hath sent Ishmael the him men, and women, and children, son of Nethaniah + to slay thee? But + Heb. 1o and of the poor of the land, of them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed soul? that were not carried away captive to them not. Babylon;
15 Then Johanan the son of Ka-
the remnant in Judah perish ?
and to their men, saying, Fear not Thou shalt not do this thing: for
CHAP. XLI. 10 As for me, behold, I will dwell
1 Ishmael, treacherously killing Gedaliah and at Mizpah, to serve the Chaldeans, others, purposeth with the residue to flee which will come unto us: but ye, unto the Ammonites. 11 Johanan recovereth gather ye wine, and summer fruits,
the captives, and mindeth to flee into
seventh month, that Ishmael the
1 Heb, lo stand before :
6.- Mizpah ;] A place of note in the times of the ii. 48. The same person is called Jezaniah the son of judges; see Judg. xx. 1; 1 Sam. vii. 5, 6; and the notes | Hoshaiah, chap. xlii. 1. W. Lowth. there. It was afterwards rebuilt by king Asa, 1 Kings 10. — behold, I will dwell at Mizpah, &c.] I keep my XV. 22. W. Lowth.
residence here, to be ready to obey any orders, which 7. Now when all the captains of the forces which were the king of Babylon shall send me by his servants. W. in the fields, &c.] By the taking of Jerusalem, the Lowth. Chaldeans made a complete conquest of Judea : where- 11. Likewise when all the Jews that were in Moab, &c.] upon the Jewish army with its commanders fled, chap. See the notes on chap. xii. 14 ; xv. 4. xxxix. 4 ; and dispersed themselves into several parts 14. — Baalis the king of the Ammonites hath sent Ishof the country. But upon the news of Gedaliah’s being mael - to slay thee?] The king of the Ammonites had appointed governour of the land, they all repaired to concerted this matter with Ishmael, with a view of him. W. Lowth.
making the Jews, who still remained in their own coun8. – the Netophathite,] Of Netophah, a town men-try, his vassals. See chap. xli. 10. W. Lowth. tioned in Ezra i. 22. W. Lowth.
- Jezaniah the son of a Maachathite.] Descended Chap. XLI. ver. 1. - the seventh month,1 Answering probably from Maachah, Caleb's concubine, 1 Chron. partly to our September, and partly to October. The
Ishmael treacherously killeth
Gedaliah and others.
came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahi- the son of Nethaniah slew them, and
2 Then arose Ishmael the son of 8 But ten men were found among
king had made for fear of Baasha
Ahikam: and Ishmael the son of
forces that were with him, heard of all
hand, or, by
+ Heb. in going and weeping.
murder of Gedaliah gave occasion to the fast of the se 1 - of wheat, &c.] In Barbary, when the grain is venth month, which the Jews observed after their return winnowed, they lodge it in subterraneous repositories : from captivity. See Zech. vii. 5; viii. 19. W. Lowth. two or three hundred of which are sometimes together,
3. Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, the smallest holding four hundred bushels. Dr. Shau. That is, all those that joined in opposing Ishmael, and These are very common in other parts of the East: as, assisting Gedaliah : for several of the commanders, as near Aleppo; Dr. Russell : in Turkey; Sir J. Chardin : well as the greatest part of the people, were still left in the Holy Land ; Le Bruyn and Rauwolf: and in many alive, as appears from the sequel of the story, ver. 10, places the people bury in them, not their corn only, but 11. W. Lowth.
their wine; Sir J. Chardin : and other effects that are 5. — having their beards shaven, &c.] These were not portable. Hist, of the Piratical States of Barbary. tokens of great mourning, by which these persons ex- The“ treasures in the field” which Jeremiah speaks of, pressed their grief for the destruction of the city and were doubtless laid up in the same kind of repositories. temple. Such expressions of sorrow were forbidden to Harmer. be used at funeral obsequies; see Levit. xix. 27, 28; - of oil,] The modern Greeks keep their oil in but might be lawfully used upon other mournful occa- | | large earthen jars, sunk in the ground, in the areas besions. W. Lowth. See the note on 2 Sam. x. 4. fore their houses. Dr. Chandler. The ancient Jews
- to bring them to the house of the Lord.] Though appear to have had the same custom of burying their the temple was destroyed, it may be presumed that the oil in the earth : this being a time of danger, it is to be people continued to offer up sacrifices and offerings on supposed that they chose the most unlikely places, the spot where it stood, as long as they continued in where such concealment would be least suspected. the land; for we find this began to be their practice Harmer. soon after their return, before the temple was rebuilt. 9. Now the pit-was it which Asa the king had made] See Ezra ïï. 2, 3, &c. Dr. Blayney.
The word, rendered “pit," signifies a bason, cistern, 6. — weeping all along as he went :) Counterfeiting a or reservoir; a large pit for receiving rain water, which mutual sorrow with them, and expressing it very passion. Asa, who built and fortified Mizpah at the time he was ately all the way. Bp. Hall.
at war with Baasha king of Israel, (1 Kings xv. 22,) 8.- Slay us not : for we have treasures in the field,] caused to be made in the midst of the city, in order Intimating, that they would make him master of what that the people might not be in want of so necessary an they possessed, if he would spare their lives. W. Lowth. I article in the case of a siege. Reservoirs of this kind
The captives are recovered. CHAP. XLI, XLII. The captains promise obedience. Before the evil that Ishmael the son of Ne-| Kareah, and Jezaniah the son of Ho- Before 588. thaniah had done,
shaiah, and all the people from the 588. 12 Then they took all the men, I least even unto the greatest, came and went to fight with Ishmael the near, son of Nethaniah, and found him by 2 And said unto Jeremiah the prothe great waters that are in Gibeon. phet, || Let, we beseech thee, our ! or, Let our
13 Now it came to pass, that when supplication be accepted before thee, fall before all the people which were with Ish- and pray for us unto the LORD thy mael saw Johanan the son of Kareah, God, even for all this remnant; (for and all the captains of the forces that we are left but a few of many, as were with him, then they were glad. thine eyes do behold us :)
14 So all the people that Ishmael 3 That the LORD thy God 'may had carried away captive from Miz- shew us the way wherein we may pah cast about and returned, and went walk, and the thing that we may do. unto Johanan the son of Kareah. 4 Then Jeremiah the prophet said
15 But Ishmael the son of Nethan- unto them, I have heard you ; be-
16 Then took Johanan the son of shall come to pass, that whatsoever
| it be evil, we will obey the voice of
forces which were with him, and all
the people from the least even to the
God, promising obedience to his will. 7
the LORD, the God of Israel, unto
Lord that which they meant not. | 10 If ye will still abide in this
I forces, and Johanan the son of pull you down, and I will plant you, were much in use in Palestine, as St. Jerome tells us the Chaldeans should impute this insurrection to the in his commentary upon Amos iv. 7, 8. Each private whole body of the Jews, that were left in the land, as family seems to have had one of these pits or reservoirs if they were desirous of restoring the government to the for its own use. “Drink ye every one the waters of his royal family, to which Ishmael belonged, ver. 1. W. own cistern," his pit or reservoir, says Rabshakeh to Lowth. the people of Jerusalem, Isai. xxxvi. 16. Dr. Bluyney.
12. - the great waters that are in Gibeon.) Called Chap. XLII. ver. 3. That the Lord thy God may shew " the pool" or lake of Gibeon, 2 Sam. ii. 13. Dr. us the way. It is the constant method of hypocrites to Blayney.
pretend a profound submission to the will of God, till 17. – the habitation of Chimham,] A parcel of ground it crosses their inclinations or interest. W. Lowth. which David had settled upon Chimham, the son of 6. Whether it be good, or whether it be evil,] Whether Barzillai, 2 Sam. xix. 38, 40. W. Lowth.
it be pleasing to us, or whether it be grievous and dis18. Because of the Chaldeans :) They were afraid lest pleasing, we will be sure to do it. Bp. Hall.
you you, O LORD har
f the Leand, neith We will
They are assured of safety in Judea. JEREMIAH.
Their hypocrisy reproved. 7 and not pluck you up: for I repent hosts, the God of Israel; As mine Before about 588. me of the evil that I have done unto anger and my fury hath been poured about 588. you.
| forth upon the inhabitants of Jeru-
curse, and a reproach ; and ye shall
ye not into Egypt: know certainly
hearts, when ye sent me unto the Or, ye hare
15 And now therefore hear the 21 And now I have this day de-
22 Now therefore know certainly
famine, and by the pestilence, in the take you there in the land of Egypt, place whither ye desire to go and to
and the famine, whereof ye were sojourn. + Heb. shall afraid, t shall follow close after you
CHAP. XLIII. there in Egypt; and there ye shall
1 Johanan, discrediting Jeremiah's prophecy,
carrieth Jeremiah and others into Egypt.
which the Lord their God had sent
cleave after you.
+ Heb. So shall all the men be.
10.- for I repent me of the evil that I have done unto of Judah ; Go ye not into Egypt :] God commanded the you.] God is said in Scripture to repent, when He Jews by Moses not to have any commerce with Egypt; alters the outward methods of His providence. (See the see Deut. xvii. 16; that they might not practise the note on Gen. vi. 6.) So the expression here implies a idolatrous customs of that country: see Levit. xviii. 3: declaration from God, that the punishments the Jews with whose idolatries they had been defiled during have already undergone have made satisfaction to His their sojourning there : see Josh. xxiv. 14; Ezek. xx. 8. justice, as far as concerns this world, and that He will Afterwards He often reproved them by His Prophets, not continue the same severity toward them, unless they for making alliances with Egypt: see Isai. xxx. 2, &c.; give Him a new provocation. W. Lowth.
Ezek. xvii. 15. There were particular reasons at this 12. -- that he may cause you to return to your own time for so severe a prohibition, as the words here and land. I will incline the heart of the king of Babylon to in the context import; namely, because the Jews either take pity on you: see Ps. cvi. 46; and so settle you in learned several of their idolatrous practices from the your own country, from whence you were driven | Egyptians, or at least were confirmed in those evil cusduring the late war and distractions : see chap. xl. 11. toms by their example. See chap. xliv. 8, 15; Ezek. W. Lowth.
xxix. 16. Besides, it was the rival kingdom that con15. - If ye wholly set your faces to enter into Egypt, 7 tended for empire with the Babylonians. See chap. If you are fully resolved to go thither ; compare Luke xxxvii. 5; xlvi. 2. So the Jews going into Egypt for ix. 51. W. Lowth.
protection was in effect refusing to submit themselves 16. – the sword, -shall overtake you there] See chap. to the king of Babylon, to whom God had decreed the xliv. 14, 18.
government of Judea, and all the neighbouring couns 19. The Lord hath said concerning you, O ye remnant tries, chap. xxvii. 6. W. Lowth.