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Rahel mourning is comforted. JEREMIAH.
Ephraim repenting Before flow together to the goodness of the 16 Thus saith the Lord; Refrain c Before
for oil, and for the young of the flock eyes from tears : for thy work shall be
and of the herd : and their soul shall rewarded, saith the Lord; and they c Isai. 58. 11. be as a watered garden; and they shall come again from the land of the
shall not sorrow any more at all. enemy.
13 Then shall the virgin rejoice in 17 And there is hope in thine end,
bemoaning himself thus ; Thou hast
for thou art the Lord my God. d Matt. 2. 18. 15 | Thus saith the Lord; d A 19 Surely e after that I was turned, e Deut. S0. 2.
voice was heard in Ramah, lamenta- I repented; and after that I was in-
shall they come and sing in the great congregation and Almighty, in this consolatory address to Rachel, were most eminent assemblies; and shall meet cheerfully in the fullest import made good to her. Within seventy together, to enjoy the holy things of God, His word years it came to pass, that the posterity of Benjamin and sacraments; and their soul shall be refreshed as a returned, with Judah, into the land of promise, and innew watered garden in a drought; and they shall have habited Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and other bordering no more cause of dejection and hopeless sorrow. Bp. cities, promiscuously with the royal tribe. “Her work Hall. Spiritual blessings are elsewhere described under was rewarded :" her patient expectation, in faith and the emblems of fruitfulness and plenty; and the grace hope, of the promises made her, failed not of its fruit in of God is often compared to waters that refresh and the appointed season: her “children came again from enrich a dry ground. See Isai, iv. 2; lviii. 11; xliv. 3. the land of the enemy to their own border," as the W. Lowth.
Lord had foretold by His Prophet; they “returned, ---for wheat, and for wine, &c.] The land of Ca- | and came to Zion with songs; joy was upon their naan is every where described as “a land flowing with heads," and in their hearts; "and sorrow and sighing milk and honey, a land of wheat, vines, and milk.” flew away.” Bp. Horne. The Prophets therefore, to give an idea of their new 18. I have surely heard Ephraim &c.] I have heard state, represent it as another Canaan, such as Canaan those of the ten tribes bemoaning themselves, after their was painted to the Jews, at their coming out of Egypt. captivity, thus : Thou hast afflicted me, O Lord, and I Bp. Chandler.
| am humbled ; I was as a wild young bullock, unaccus15. — A voice was heard in Ramah, &c.] Ramah was tomed to the yoke: but now Thou hast caused me to a city of Benjamin, near which Rachel, the mother of stoop unto it. Bp Hall. Joseph and Benjamin, was buried : who is here, in a turn thou me, and I shall be turned ;] Do Thou beautiful figure of poetry, represented as come forth turn my heart by Thy preventing grace, and then I out of her grave, and lamenting bitterly for the loss of shall be effectually reformed: compare Lam. v. 21. her children, none of whom presented themselves to Sometimes the Scripture ascribes the whole work of her view, being all either slain or gone into exile. The man's conversion to God, because His grace is the first Evangelist applies these words to Herod's massacre of and principal cause of it. But yet to make it effectual, the infants at Bethlehem, and in its environs, Matt. ï. man's concurrence is necessary, as appears from those 17, 18. Dr. Blayney.
words (chap. li. 9.) of this prophecy, where God saith, - because they were not.] An expression denoting “We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed;" those who were dead, Gen. xlii. 13; Lam. v. 7. This that is, God did what was requisite on His part for her was literally the case, according to St. Matthew's appli- conversion, but she refused to comply with His call. cation of the text; but only metaphorically so in the To the same purpose He speaks to Jerusalem, Ezek. sense first intended : being spoken of those, who were xxiv. 13, “I have purged thee, and thou wast not removed into a foreign country, and for ever deprived | purged.” W. Lowth. of the conversation of their relations, as if they were 19.- I smote upon my thigh :1 “Smiting upon the naturally dead. W. Lowth.
thigh" was an indication of extreme astonishment and 16. — for thy work shall be rewarded,] That is, thou sorrow. See Ezek. xxi, 12. So also it is represented shalt not bring forth children in vain, nor shalt thou be by many heathen authors. Calmet. deprived of that satisfaction in seeing the welfare of thy because I did bear the reproach of my youth.] children, which is the parent's reward for her care and The burden of my former sins lay heavy upon my attention in bringing them into the world, and provid- mind, and I became sensible, that all the calamities and ing for their support and education. “ They shall come reproaches which I have undergone were the due de
The words of the Prophet, or rather those of the whole nation as a single person, speaks of their former
CHRIST about 606.
is brought home again.
CHAP. XXXI. Christ's care over the church. Before 20 Is Ephraim my dear son? is he together, husbandmen, and they that c Before about 606. a pleasant child? for since I spake go forth with flocks.
r against him, I do earnestly remember25 For I have satiated the weary + Heb. sound. him still: therefore my bowels + are soul, and I have replenished every
troubled for him; I will surely have sorrowful soul.
21 Set thee up waymarks, make held; and my sleep was sweet unto
the seed of man, and with the seed of
throw down, and to destroy, and to
own iniquity : every man that eateth 24 And there shall dwell in Judah the sour grape, his teeth shall be set itself, and in all the cities thereof on edge.
sins, as if they were the extravagancies of their younger ney. They denote the state of the people after their years. W. Lowth.
return, that they should live innocently and peaceably. 20. Is Ephraim my dear son ? &c.] Rather the sense So chap. xxxiii. 12. Poole. is, “Is not Ephraim My dear son? Is he not a plea- 27. Behold, the days come, &c. 7 Under the captivity sant child ?” That is, Is he not one that I have set My the land lay " desolate, without man and without beast," affections upon, as a parent does upon a child in whom chap. xxxiii. 12: but now it shall be inhabited and rehe delights? God proceeds to say, Ever since I have plenished with both. W. Lowth. so severely reproved and chastised him, I have still re- 29. In those days they shall say no more, The fathers tained for him a fatherly kindness; I am moved with have eaten &c.] God hath often declared, that “ He compassion towards him, and will in due time pardon will visit the sins of the fathers upon the children :" and receive him into favour. W. Lowth.
and particularly threatened to execute judgment upon 21. Set thee up waymarks, &c.] These words are a the present generations, for the idolatries and other sins call to Israel to prepare for their return. The “way- of their forefathers : see chap. xv. 4. This gave occamarks” and “high heaps,” are stone pillars and tall sion to the proverb mentioned in this verse, which they poles set up in the roads at certain distances for the that were in captivity applied to their own case; as if traveller's direction, and extremely necessary for those the miseries they endured were chiefly owing to their who have to pass wild and spacious deserts. Dr. Blay fathers' sins : see Lam. v. 7; Ezek. xviii. 2. But when ney.
this judgment should be removed, then there would be 22. How long wilt thou go about, &c. According to no farther occasion to use this proverb, as Ezekiel speaks the first Evangelical promise concerning “the Seed of in the before-mentioned place. W. Lowth. the woman," followed this prediction of the Prophet, 30. But every one shall die for his own iniquity : 7 These “ The Lord hath created a new thing in the earth, A national judgments ceasing, every one should suffer woman shall compass a man.” That new creation of only for his own faults. This prophecy will be remarka man is therefore “new," and therefore “a creation,” ably verified, when God shall cease to visit upon the because wrought in a woman only, without a man, com- Jewish nation that imprecation, which they laid upon passing a man. This interpretation is ancient, literal, themselves for the death of Christ; “ His blood be on and clear. The words import a miraculous conception : us, and on our children,” Matt. xxvii. 25. W. Lowth. and the ancient Jews acknowledged this sense, and ap. “Every one shall die for his own iniquity :" see also plied it determinately to the Messiah. This prophecy Ezek. xviii. 20. Yet Jeremiah elsewhere complains, is illustrated by that of Isaiah, chap. vii. 14. Bp. Pear-“ Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have son.
borne their iniquities," Lam. v. 7. To reconcile such 24. — husbandmen, and they that go forth with flocks.] I places of Scripture, which seem to be at variance with These words are descriptive of the circumstances, in each other, let it be observed, that where the Scripwhich the ancestors of the Jews were placed upon their ture ascribes one man's punishment to another man's first introduction into the land of Canaan; when every sin, it points us to God's wisdom and providence; who citizen was literally a “husbandman," and a shepherd, for good and just ends sometimes makes choice of these or “ feeder of flocks," in consequence of the allotment occasions, rather than others, to inflict upon men those of land, which he was forbidden to alienate. Dr. Blay- punishments, which their own sins have otherwise abun
i Isai. 54. 13.
Christ's new covenant.
The stability, and Before 31 Behold, the 8 days come, saith every man his neighbour, and every celoten about 606. the LORD, that I will make a new man his brother, saying, Know the about 606. & Heb. 8. 8.
covenant with the house of Israel, and Lord: for i they shall all know
me, from the least of them unto the John 6. 45.
bring them out of the land of Egypt; 35 | Thus saith the LORD, 'which ? Gen. 1. 16. || Or, should I which my covenant they brake, I al giveth the sun for a light by day, and tinued an though I was an husband unto them, the ordinances of the moon and of saith the LORD:
the stars for a light by night, which 33 But this shall be the covenant dividethm the sea when the waves m Isai. 51. 15. that I will make with the house of thereof roar; The Lord of hosts is Israel; After those days, saith the his name: Lord, I will put my law in their 36 - If those ordinances depart from n Isai. 54. 9.
inward parts, and write it in their before me, saith the LORD, then the ho h Chap. 24.7. hearts ; ħ and will be their God, and seed of Israel also shall cease from they shall be my people.
being a nation before me for ever. 34 And they shall teach no more | 37 Thus saith the Lord; If "hea- o Chap. 33. 22.
husband unto them.
dantly deserved. On the contrary, where the Scripture Old and New Testament, and by His Holy Spirit coattributes all punishments to the personal sins of the operating with the means of grace, which for that pursufferer, it points us to God's justice : which looks still to pose He hath settled in His Church. Bp. Beveridge. the desert, and does not upon any occasion whatsoever - and will be their God, &c.] Together with the inflict punishments, but where there are personal sins promise of giving us such a measure of His grace and to deserve them : so that every man, who is punished Holy Spirit, to influence and direct our hearts, that we in any manner or upon any occasion, may join in Da- shall be inclined of our own accord to do whatever He vid's confession, “ Against Thee have I sinned, and commands; God further promises, that then “ He will done evil in Thy sight; that Thou mightest be justified be our God," to bless, preserve, and keep us; and we in Thy saying, and clear when Thou art judged," Ps. “ shall be His people," His peculiar people, zealous of li. 4. Bp. Sanderson.
good works, of all such works as He hath set us to do : 31.- I will make a new covenant with the house of which that we may, He will give us a right knowledge Israel, Behold, the days of the Messiah are coming, Y of Himself and His holy will, so that we “shall all know wherein I will make a new covenant with My Church. Him from the least to the greatest," and all that He Bp. Hall.
requires of us. And then He promises in the last To what time or person the promises, made here by place, that we being thus qualified by Him for it, He Jeremiah, and by Ezekiel, chap. xxxiv. 23, 26 ; xxxvi. 26, will forgive us all our sins, that He will look upon us related, might be uncertain before Malachi prophesied; no longer as guilty, but as just and righteous persons, though they have internal marks which point to the and therefore fit to live with Him in glory : "for whom Messiah. But Malachi, by his prophecy concerning “the He justifieth, them He also glorifieth," Rom. viii. 30. Messenger of the covenant," chap. iii. 1, put it out of all Bp. Beveridge. doubt. This was to say in other words, that Messiah 34. And they shall teach no more every man his neighshould be the declarer, the publisher, the mediator of bour, &c.] This passage is to be understood of that that better covenant, as Moses was of the old covenant; greater degree of light which the Gospel of Christ would and that a law should be given by Him. Bp. Chan- bring into the world ; not only a fuller discovery of dler.
Divine truth than the Gentiles were able by natural 32. Not according to the covenant that I made with reason to acquire ; but a clearer knowledge of God and their fathers? Not according to the form of the legal heavenly things, than the ancient people of God had covenant. Bp. Hall. The old covenant, as opposed to ever attained to under the dispensation of the law. the new, signifies that system of laws and ordinances Wogan. which were the condition of the covenant made with 35. — and the ordinances of the moon &c.] Who hath the Jews on mount Sinai. In this sense the word “law" ordained a due, constant, and regular motion of the is usually taken in the New Testament, when it is op- moon and stars for a light by night. Bp. Hall. posed to the “Gospel.” See Acts xy. 5; Rom. iii. 19; 36. If those ordinances depart from before me, &c.] Gal. iii. 17. W. Lowth.
If that course which I have set in nature for the - although I was an husband unto them, 7 See the motions of the heavens may be altered, then may note on chap. ii. 2.
it be possible for My Church to fail upon earth. Bp. 33.— I will put my law in their inward parts, &c.] Hall. Though all people have some natural sense of their duty God preserved a remnant of “the seed of Israel,” left them, yet generally it is so little, that it does not that were led captive, and restored them to their own excite them to the practice of their duty. Hence it is, country and government. He preserved another remthat God promises, in the new covenant, to quicken and nant at the beginning of the Gospel, called “the saved," actuate it, saying, “I will put My law in their inward | Luke xiii. 23, Acts ii. 47; who, by embracing the faith parts, and write it in their hearts :" that is, He will write of Christ, escaped those terrible judgments that were His law in our hearts, as He did at first, by giving us inflicted on the main body of the nation. And Provi. so quick and strong a sense of our duty to Him, as dence still continues them in a distinct body from all shall excite and stir us up to the sincere performance of other people in the world, in order to their conversion it. This He does, by expounding to us our duty in the in God's due time. W. Lowth,
amplitude of the church. CHAP. XXXI, XXXII. Jeremiah buyeth Hanameel's field.
fores ven above can be measured, and the 3 For Zedekiah king of Judah had Before about 606. foundations of the earth searched out | shut him up, saying, Wherefore dost about 590.
beneath, I will also cast off all the seed thou prophesy, and say, Thus saith
| city into the hand of the king of Ba-
39 And the measuring line shall delivered into the hand of the king of
behold his eyes;
7 Behold, Hanameel the son of
Shallum thine uncle shall come unto
thee, saying, Buy thee my field that
is in Anathoth: for the right of re- c Lev. 25. 24. 1 Jeremiah, being imprisoned by Zedekiah for
| demption is thine to buy it.
8 So Hanameel mine uncle's son
I pray thee, that is in Anathoth, which
1 from the Lord in the tenth year the right of inheritance is thine,
was the word of the LORD. 2 For then the king of Babylon's 9 And I bought the field of Hanaarmy besieged Jerusalem : and Jere- meel my uncle's son, that was in miah the prophet was shut up in the Anathoth, and weighed him the court of the prison, which was in the money, even || seventeen shekels of shekels and king of Judah's house.
ten pieces of silver.
38.— the days come, – that the city shall be built] The Chap. XXXII. The date of the following transacdays shall come that this city of Jerusalem, which yet tion and prophecy was in the tenth year of Zedekiah's stands in her full glory, shall, after the raising and de- / reign, whilst the Chaldeans invested the city, and Jerestruction of it, be fully built up again, in all the whole miah was confined in the court of the prison. Dr. compass of it, from the one end to the other; and, Blayney. which is thereby typified, My evangelical Church shall Ver. 3. For Zedekiah —'had shut him up, saying, be built upon the ruins of the Jewish, in a complete Wherefore dost thou prophesy, &c.] This refers to the form, and be wholly consecrated to the Lord. “Bp. prophecy recorded, chap. xxxiv. 2. &c.: the particulars
there mentioned being in order of time before the occurThis prophecy might in some sense be fulfilled in the rences related in this chapter. W. Lowth. rebuilding of the city, after the captivity: but the mys- 5.— there shall he be until I visit him,] There shall tical sense of the words probably relates to a more per- he be until the time that I put an end to his captivity by fect state of the Church, which is elsewhere called the death. Bp. Hall. Or, till I visit him in his posterity, city of God," and the “new Jerusalem;" and whose whom I will restore to their own country. So God tells dimensions are figuratively described, Ezek. xlviii. 30, Jacob, “ I will go down with thee into Egypt, and I will &c.; Rev. xxi. 10, &c. W. Lowth.
also surely bring thee up again,” Gen. xlvi. 4 ; which - from the tower of Hananeel &c.] See the plan promise was made good to his posterity. W. Lowth. of Jerusalem.
7. Behold, Hanameel - shall come unto thee, saying, 40. And the whole valley of the dead bodies, &c.]. &c.] See Exod. iv. 14, and the last note there. The valley of Tophet, which was made a common bury- I 9. - seventeen shekels of silver.] Not much above ingplace, (see chap. vii. 32,) and the receptacle of the forty shillings in our money : a small price for a field filth of the city, W. Lowth.
| or piece of ground. But the quantity of land is uncer
ch. 16. 17.
s opethe evidence of the 20
the land of years and the
hefore with a strom and Wiven the
14. Th of Israelnice of the pthis evi- with milk, they can obeyed thy lawi
Jeremiah in his prayer
complaineth to God. Before 10 And I + subscribed the evi-, of their children after them : the Before about 590. dence, and sealed it, and took wit-Great, the Mighty God, the LORD about 590. + Heby wrote neste balances. to nesses, and weighed him the money of hosts, is his name.
| 19 Great in counsel, and mighty 11 So I took the evidence of the in t work: for thine e eyes are open + Heb. doing. purchase, both that which was sealed upon all the ways of the sons of men: Prov. 5. 21. according to the law and custom, and to give every one according to his that which was open:
ways, and according to the fruit of 12 And I gave the evidence of the his doings: purchase unto Baruch the son of 20 Which hast set signs and wonNeriah, the son of Maaseiah, in the ders in the land of Egypt, even unto sight of Hanameel mine uncle's son, this day, and in Israel, and among and in the presence of the witnesses other men; and hast made thee a that subscribed the book of the pur- name, as at this day; chase, before all the Jews that sat in 21 And hast brought forth thy peothe court of the prison. ple Israel fout of the land of Egypt ? Exod. 6. 6.
2 Sam. 7. 23. 13 | And I charged Baruch before with signs, and with wonders, and 1 Chron. 17. them, saying,
with a strong hand, and with a stretch- ?
| sessed it; but they obeyed not thy
| fore thou hast caused all this evil to 16 | Now when I had delivered come upon them: . the evidence of the purchase unto 24 Behold the || mounts, they are l Or, engines Baruch the son of Neriah, I prayed come unto the city to take it; and the unto the Lord, saying,
city is given into the hand of the 17 Ah Lord God! behold, thou Chaldeans, that fight against it, behast made the heaven and the earth cause of the sword, and of the famine,
by thy great power and stretched out and of the pestilence: and what thou !! Or, hid from arm, and there is nothing || too hard hast spoken is come to pass; and, for thee:
| behold, thou seest it.
unto thousands, and recompensest the Lord God, Buy thee the field for
tain : and the circumstances of the time must have to a record with us ; the other a writing for common greatly lessened its value; the field being then in the use. Harmer. enemy's possession, and the purchaser knowing that! 12. And I gave the evidence of the purchase unto Baruch] neither he nor his heirs should enter on it till after Baruch was a scribe by profession ; and it may be supseventy years. W. Lowth, Dr. Blayney.
posed, that the attendance of such an one, skilled in the 11. — both that which was sealed — and that which was forms of the law, was necessary on those occasions, both open :] The open or unsealed writing was probably to draw up the writings, and to officiate in the capacity either a copy of the sealed deed, or else a certificate of of a notary publick with us. And to his custody as bethe witnesses, in whose presence the deed of purchase ing a publick officer, the custody of the title-deeds was was signed and sealed. W. Lowth.
intrusted. Dr. Blayney. Sir J. Chardin thinks this ancient story is illustrated 14.- put them in an earthen vessel, &c.] Lay up these by the modern management in the conveyance of East- evidences sure in an earthen vessel, where they may be ern property : “ After a contract is made, the deed is kept from rotting, for a long time; as those, whereof I kept by the party himself, not the notary: and a copy shall have most certain use hereafter : for this land shall of it is made, signed by the notary alone, which is shewn be in due time repossessed. Bp. Hall. upon proper occasions, whereas the other is never exhi-' 24. Behold the mounts,7 The ramparts raised against bited.” According to this account, the two writings the walls, for the siege of Jerusalem : for placing "enmentioned in the text were to the same effect : the one gines of shot,” (as in the margin,) in order to assault being sealed up with solemnity, not to be used on com- and take the city. Compare chap. xxxiii. 4. W. Louth. mon occasions; the other being open, to be perused at The “mount,” as used by the Greeks, is thus described pleasure, upon all occasions. The sealed one answered by Archbishop Potter : « It was raised so high, as to