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Or, at the door
e Ver, 19.
Jeremiah is arraigned,
and acquitted. Before house of the Lord, and sat down || in | phesied in the days of Hezekiah cz CHRIST about 609. the entry of the new gate of the king of Judah, and spake to all the about 609. Lord's house.
people of Judah, saying, Thus saith 11 Then spake the priests and the the Lord of hosts; & Zion shall be g Mic. 3. 12.
prophets unto the princes and to all plowed like a field, and Jerusalem
against this city, as ye have heard | forest.
19 Did Hezekiah king of Judah
face of the phesy against this house and against repented him of the evil which he LORD. this city all the words that ye have had pronounced against them? Thus heard.
might we procure great evil against Chap. 7. 3. 13 Therefore now d amend your our souls.
ways and your doings, and obey the 20 And there was also a man that
[ this city and against this land accord-
with all his mighty men, and all the
the son of Achbor, and certain men
with the sword, and cast his dead body 17 Then rose up certain of the into the graves of the + common peo- the people. elders of the land, and spake to all ple.
the assembly of the people, saying, 24 Nevertheless the hand of Ahiabout 710. 18 Micah the Morasthite pro- kam the son of Shaphan was with
-------- sat down in the entry of the new gate &c.] They reign, which might have operated very unfavourably sat down in that new gate of the temple, which king to Jeremiah, but for the influence and authority of Jotham had built, to appease the tumult, and to hear Abikam, which were exerted to save him. Dr. Blaythe cause of Jeremiah. Bp. Hall.
ney. 14. As for me, behold, I am in your hand : &c.] Com- 23. — cast his dead body into the graves of the common pare chap. xxxviii. 5. It was the proper business of people. Or, “ the sons of the people," as in the marthe Sanhedrim to pass sentence upon prophets; and, if gin: by whom are meant the populace of the lowest they found them guilty of making false pretences to order, who are buried in a publick place of burial, prophecy, to put them to death, the punishment which having no distinct sepulchre to themselves, as all perthe law had provided in that case, Deut. xviii. 20. W. sons of rank and character, and especially of so honourLowth.
able an order as that of the Prophets, used to have. 18. — Zion shall be plowed like a field, &c.] See the But the king's design was to brand his memory as far note on Mic. ii, 12.
as he could by such an ignominious treatment of his 20. And there was also a man that prophesied &c.] | remains. Dr. Blayney. According to the opinion of many commentators, the 1 24. Nevertheless the hand of Ahikam &c.] Both he words that follow may be ascribed to an opposite party, and his father Shaphan were chief ministers under Josiah, who, by a contrary precedent to the foregoing, urged the 2 Kings xxii. 12, 14. And the brothers of Ahikam, condemnation of Jeremiah. But it is more probable Gemariah, Elasah and Jaazaniah, were considerable men that the elders concluded their speeches, ver. 19; and in those days with Ahikam, and members of the great that the writer of the narrative goes on to observe in council, chap. xxix. 3; Ezek. viii. 11. So Ahikam made his own person, that, notwithstanding the precedent of use of his interest with them to deliver Jeremiah from Micah, there had been a later precedent in the present the danger that threatened him. W. Lowth.
+ Heb. soms of
f Mic. 1. 1.
He prophesieth the subjection of the CHAP. XXVII. neighbouring kings to Nebuchadnezzar,
Before , Jeremiah, that they should not give of Zidon, by the hand of the messen- . about 598. him into the hand of the people togers which come to Jerusalem unto about 598. put him to death.
Zedekiah king of Judah;
4. And command them ll to say ? Or, concernCHAP. XXVII. unto their masters, Thus saith the masters,
LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; saying. 1 Under the type of bonds and yokes he pro- | Thus shall ve say unto your masters:
phesieth the subduing of the neighbour kings
5 I have made the earth, the man
25, 32. there continue until the day of visitation.
6 And now have I given all these TN the beginning of the reign of lands into the hand of NebuchadI Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king nezzar the king of Babylon, bmy b Chap. 25. of Judah came this word unto Jere- servant; and the beasts of the field miah from the Lord, saying, have I given him also to serve him.
2 Thus saith the LORD to me; 7 And all nations shall serve him,
the very time of his land come: and
Chap. XXVII. It is evident (see the note on ver. 1.) New Testament we have a similar instance in the case that the prophecies, contained both in this and the fol- of Agahus, Acts xxi. 11. Dr. Waterland. See note on lowing chapter, belong to the fourth year of Zedekiah's | Gen. xxxii. 25. reign. About this time ambassadours came to Zede- / St. Jerome is of opinion, that the second term signikiah from the kings of Edom, Moab, and other neigh- | fies wooden forks, or collars, such as criminals were bouring nations, to solicit him, as it should seem, to sometimes forced to wear. This fork was fastened on join with them in a confederacy against the king of Baby- their neck, and their arms were bound to it. Slaves lon. On this occasion Jeremiah is ordered to put bands were often treated in this manner. Thus Jeremiah, laden and yokes about his neck, and to send them afterwards with this sort of “yoke,” represented in a very lively to the beforementioned kings, declaring the sovereignty manner the servitude of the nations under Nebuchadof Nebuchadnezzar and his successors to be of Divine nezzar. Calmet. appointment, and promising peace and protection to 3. And send them to the king of Edom, &c.] Jerethose who submitted quietly, but menacing evil in case miah probably made several yokes, and put one of them of resistance, ver. 1-11. A like admonition is delivered upon his own neck, when he delivered his errand : and to Zedekiah, advising him not to expose himself and his so delivering his prophecy was “ sending the yokes” his people to certain ruin by listening to the suggestions to the princes mentioned : for we cannot reasonably of false prophets, and revolting from the service of the suppose, that the ambassadours took the yokes at his king of Babylon, ver. 12—15. The priests and all the hands, and carried them to their respective masters. people are also warned not to give credit to the false Deluded as they were by the blandishments of their prophets, who taught them to expect a speedy restora- diviners, (ver. 9,) it is not to be supposed that they tion of the vessels, which had been carried away to would have either chosen, or dared, to carry to their Babylon together with Jeconiah. Instead of which it masters the yokes presented to them by Jeremiah. God is foretold, that the remaining vessels in the house of revealed his design to the Prophet in such figurative, God, and in the king's house at Jerusalem, should be metaphorical language; and the Prophet reported the carried after the other, and should not be brought back same as he had received it; these affecting images till the appointed time of Judah's captivity was at an making the message more awful and solemn in the deend, ver. 16 to the end. Dr. Blayney.
livery, and giving it the advantage of a deeper and Ver. 1. - Jehoiakim] There is a difficulty in the date more durable impression. Dr. Waterland. of this prophecy, because it plainly relates to the times
the messengers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedeof Zedekiah: see ver. 3, 12, 16. The least forced way kiah] Ambassadours, who came from the kings before of solving the difficulty is to say, that Jehoiakim is crept mentioned, either to congratulate Zedekiah on his acinto the text instead of Zedekiah, by the negligence of cession to the throne, or to engage him in a confedethe scribes, who might have their eyes upon the be- racy against the king of Babylon. W. Lowth. ginning of the last chapter or section. This emenda-! 7. – him, and his son, and his son's son,] Belshazzar, tion is confirmed by comparing this verse with the 3d, the last king of the Babylonian monarchy, (Dan. v, 30, 12th, and 20th of this chapter, and with the beginning 31,) was grandchild to Nebuchadnezzar, who is called his of the next. W. Lowth, Dr. Blayney.
father, (Dan. v. 2,) that is, his grandfather, by an usual 2.- Make thee bonds and yokes, &c.) The Prophets Hebraism. See 1 Kings xv. 3, compared with ver. 10 ; and foreshewed things by actions as well as by words. So 2 Kings viii. 26, compared with ver. 18. W. Lowth. Isaiah went “naked and barefoot,” Isai. xx. 3. Ezekiel
until the very time of his land come : &c.] prophesied in like manner by signs, chap. iv. 1, &c.; Until the time be expired which God hath fixed for xii. 3; xxiv. 17-19. W. Lowth. And even in the the period of that monarchy ; and then many nations
Jeremiah exhorteth the kings to yield, JEREMIAH. and not to believe the false prophets. c Before not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar the LORD; Hearken not to the words Before about 598. the king of Babylon, and that will of your prophets that prophesy unto 598.
not put their neck under the yoke of you, saying, Behold, the vessels of
the king of Babylon, and live: where-
10 For they prophesy a lie unto and in the house of the king of Judah, you, to remove you far from your and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon. land; and that I should drive you out, 19 | For thus saith the Lord of and ye should perish.
hosts concerning the pillars, and con-
12 9 I spake also to Zedekiah king Jehoiakim king of Judah from Jeru-
13 Why will ye die, thou and thy the vessels that remain in the house
14 Therefore hearken not unto the day that I fvisit them, saith the 1s. words of the prophets that speak unto LORD; then will I bring them up, 22 2010 you, saying, Ye shall not serve the and restore them to this place.
king of Babylon: for they prophesy c Chap. 14. 14. ca lie unto you.
CHAP. XXVIII. 15 For I have not sent them, saith Heb. in a the LORD, yet they prophesy + a lie 1 Hananiah prophesieth falsely the return of in my name ; that I might drive you
the vessels, and of Jeconiah. 5 Jeremiah,
wishing it to be true, sheweth that the event out, and that ye might perish, ye, and
will declare who are true prophets. 10 the prophets that prophesy unto you. Hananiah breaketh Jeremiah's yoke. 12
16 Also I spake to the priests and Jeremiah telleth of an iron yoke, 15 and to all this people, saying, Thus saith foretelleth Hananiah's death.
and her by thil ye ople, an
f 2 Chron. 36.
and great kings shall come, and divide it amongst them, constant submission to his authority. See chap. xxxvi. as a common prey. Bp. Hall. See note on chap. xxv. 14. 1; 2 Kings xxiv. 17; 2 Chron. xxxvi. 13; Ezek. xvii.
10. - and that I should drive you out, 1 In this and 15–18. W. Lowth. the like passages, the expression, “that such a thing 16. — Behold, the vessels of the Lord's house &c.] may be," does not at all signify the intention, to the end Several of the vessels belonging to the temple were carthat it may be, but merely the event, so that it will be. ried away by the Chaldeans in the reigns of Jehoiakim Dr. S. Clarke.
and Jeconiah : see 2 Chron. xxxvi. 7-10; Dan. i. 2. 12. I spake also to Zedekiah, — saying, Bring your W. Lowth. necks under the yoke &c.] If ye submit yourselves to 19. — the pillars, - the sea, - the bases,] See 1 Kings the Babylonians, ye shall both be preserved, and in due vii. 15, 23, 27 ; and compare chap. lii. 17, &c. time restored. Bp. Hall. What the Prophet saith here 22. — there shall they be until the day that I visit them, to Zedekiah hath a particular weight in it, because Ze- &c.] Until the time of their restoration and restitution dekiah had been made king of Judea by Nebuchadnez- by Cyrus, whom I will stir up to be gracious unto My zar, and had taken an oath of fidelity to him, and of people. Bp. Hall.
Before CHRIST about 596.
Hananiah's false prophecy.
His death is foretold.
A year, in the beginning of the and of evil, and of pestilence.
Jeremiah's neck, and brake it.
break the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar + Heb. tuo 3 Within two full years will I king of Babylon from the neck of all
bring again into this place all the nations within the space of two full
came unto Jeremiah the prophet, after
+ Heb. caplicity.
king of Judah, with all the f captives prophet Jeremiah, saying,
broken the yokes of wood; but thou
6 Even the prophet Jeremiah said, nezzar king of Babylon; and they
hath not sent thee; but thou makest
Behold, I will cast thee from off the
Chap. XXVIII. ver. 1. — the same year, in the begin- of his nation, and wishing that God would repent Him ning of the reign of Zedekiah] This plainly refers to the of the evil, wherewith He had threatened them by Jeretime specified at the beginning of the last chapter, and miah's ministry. W. Lowth. confirms the conjecture there made, that Jehoiakim is 13. — yokes of iron.] This emblem of national slave. put there by a mistake of the copies for Zedekiah. W. ry is not unexampled in Scripture. Moses threatens Lowth.
the Hebrews on the part of God, to give them up to their “ The fourth year" may be called “the beginning of enemies, who shall put on them“ a yoke of iron,” Deut. the reign of Zedekiah," not absolutely, but with refer- xxviii. 48. Calmet. ence to the middle and latter parts of it. Dr. Blayney. 16. — this year thou shalt die,] As Hananiah limited
2.- I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon.] 1 | the accomplishment of his prophecy to two years, to gain will deliver and free My people from the captivity and credit with the people by such a punctual prediction; so bondage of the king of Babylon. Bp. Hall.
Jeremiah confines the trial of his veracity to a much 5. – the prophet Hananiah] In what sense Hananiah shorter time. The event exactly corresponding to the was a prophet, see the note on chap. xxvi. 7. Dr. Blay- | prophecy, evidently shewed the falsehood of Hananiah's ney.
| pretences. W. Lowth. 6. Even the prophet Jeremiah said, Amen : &c.] - because thou hast taught rebellion against the Thereby expressing his hearty concern for the good | Lord.] Thou hast taught the people to disbelieve His
to the captive Jews. Before. 17 So Hananiah the prophet died the princes of Judah and Jerusalem, Before about 595. the same year in the seventh month. and the carpenters, and the smiths, about 599.
were departed from Jerusalem ;) CHAP. XXIX.
3 By the hand of Elasah the son
Babylon, to be quiet there, 8 and not to | Hilkiah, (whom Zedekiah king of
| 4 Thus saith the Lord of hosts,
salem unto Babylon;
I letter that Jeremiah the pro- them; and plant gardens, and eat the
creased there, and not diminished.
word, and to act contrary to His decrees. W. Lowth. begin prophesying till the fifth year of the captivity of See note on chap. xxix. 22.
| Jeconiah; but Daniel was already acknowledged as a
| Prophet of the Lord. There were probably other ProChap. XXIX. According to the proper arrangement, phets also in that country, to whom Jeremiah addresses this chapter appears to follow the 24th; being the this letter; nor is it at all singular, that one Prophet second of those which were delivered in the early part should advise and instruct others. David received inof Zedekiah's reign. See the note at the beginning of structions from Nathan : and St. Peter informs us, that chap. xxiv.
the Prophets applied themselves to the study of the Some embarrassment and incoherence are to be per- writings of the more ancient Prophets. Daniel read ceived in particular parts of this chapter, which are and studied Jeremiah. The Chaldee under the name removed by transposing ver. 15, and placing it immedi- of “ Prophets" understands the scribes, or doctors of ately before ver. 21, where it stands in the version of the law : the Seventy translate the Hebrew by “false the Septuagint. By this emendation a due order and prophets." Calmet. connexion is restored, both in the place from whence 2. — and the queen,] By “the queen" is meant Jethe verse is removed, and in that to which it is re-coniah's mother : see 2 Kings xxiv. 12, 14, 15; where stored.
| an account is given of this captivity: and compare chap. This chapter contains the substance of two letters xxii. 26; xxvii. 10; xxviii. 4, of this prophecy. W. written at different times, as is evident from comparing Lowth. ver. 28 with ver. 4, 5; although the title at the begin- the eunuchs,] The officers belonging to the ning announces only one, and there is no mark of dis- court. W. Lowth. tinction to be found afterwards. The distinction how- 3. - (whom Zedekiah--sent unto Babylon to Nebuchad. ever is certainly to be made at the end of ver. 20. For nezzar] To renew his promises of fidelity to him: see in the first letter the Prophet exhorts the captives to the note on chap. xxvii. 12. W. Lowth. accommodate themselves to their present circumstances, 5. Build ye houses, and dwell in them;] Establish under an assurance that their captivity would last to yourselves in Babylon, as in a place where ye shall the end of seventy years; after which period, and not abide a long time. Look upon it as your country. The before, God would visit and restore them. And, to Lord, meaning to point out to the Jews, that in a short prevent their listening to any false suggestions that time they should be carried away from their own land, might flatter them with hopes of a speedy return, he told Jeremiah not to marry, nor to form any settlement informs them of what would happen to their brethren in the land, chap. xvi. 2. "Jonadab, the son of Rechab, that were left behind at Jerusalem, for whom a harder commanded his posterity not to build houses, nor to fate was reserved, than for those that had been carried cultivate fields, but to dwell all their life in tents, in away. After this, finding, as it should seem, upon the order to denote a more complete estrangement from the return of the messengers, the little credit his first mes. things of the earth. On the contrary, to prove to the sage had met with, he sends a second to the same Jews of the captivity, that their banishment should be persons, denouncing the Divine judgments against of long duration, they are told to build houses, to three of their false prophets, by whose influence chiefly acquire possessions, to form marriages, in a word, to the people had been prevented from hearkening to his establish themselves at Babylon Calmet. good advice. Dr. Blayney.
7. — seek the peace of the city &c.] This shews us, Ver. 1. - to the prophets,] Ezekiel and Daniel were that God would have us live in submission to the kings, then in captivity ; Daniel in Babylon, and Ezekiel in under whose government we are placed, and pray for Mesopotamia, on the river Chebar. Ezekiel did not the prosperity of their dominions. Ostervald.