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Dan. 9. 24.
The prophet foretelleth
JEREMIAH. a restoration of the scattered flock. c Before r his seed shall prosper, sitting upon / visit upon you the evil of your doings, cBefore CHRIST
CHRIST 599. the throne of David, and ruling any saith the Lord. more in Judah.
3 And I will gather the remnant of
my flock out of all countries whither CHAP. XXIII.
I have driven them, and will bring
them again to their folds; and they 1 He prophesieth a restoration of the scat shall be fruitful and increase.
tered flock. 5 Christ shall rule and save 4 And I will set up b shepherds b Chap. 3. 15. them. 9 Against false prophets, 33 and over them which shall feed them: and
Ezek. 34. 11, mockers of the true prophets.
they shall fear no more, nor be disa Ezek. 34. 2. .
W O E be unto the pastors that mayed, neither shall they be lacking,
V destroy and scatter the sheep saith the Lord. of my pasture! saith the LORD. 5 Behold, the days come, saith ç Chap. 33. 2 Therefore thus saith the LORD the Lord, that I will raise unto Da- Isai. 1. 2. &
40. 11. God of Israel against the pastors that vid a righteous Branch, and a King i feed my people; Ye have scattered shall reign and prosper, and shall John 1. 45. my flock, and driven them away, and execute judgment and justice in the
have not visited them: behold, I will earth. part of this verse, imply that he either had, or should I will raise unto David a righteous Branch,] It is have, seed. But the historians and chroniclers of the an usual figure, for the head of a family, and the times are called upon and directed to set him down descendants from him, to be represented by the root or “childless;" because he should have no child to suc- body of a tree, and the branches growing out of that ceed him on the throne. Dr. Blayney.
tree. God therefore having frequently declared, that It is no improper reflection which may be drawn the Messiah should be born of the house and lineage of from the denunciations contained in this chapter, and David, the Prophet, here and in chap. xxxiii. 15, with from the subsequent accomplishment of them, that if allusion to this figure, mentions it as an act of Divine the crimes here threatened with special judgments, such power and mercy, that “God would raise unto David a as oppression and violence, fraud and extortion, covet- righteous Branch.” Dean Stanhope. The Messiah is ousness and injustice, have destroyed the thrones and often called “the Branch," to denote His descent from families of the mightiest princes; how shall sinners and the stock of David : see Isai. iv. 2; Zech. iii. 8; vi. 12: oppressors of inferiour quality expect to escape the pu- ' and compare Isaiah xi. 1. W. Lowth. nishments denounced against all such violations of the and a King shall reign and prosper,] The Mes. Divine law? Wogan.
siah was, continually from the time of David, foretold
. under this character; and, as such, He was expected by Chap. XXIII. ver. 2. — the pastors that feed my peo- the Jews. Accordingly the New Testament abounds in ple;] That undertake the care of My people, though affirmations concerning the regal character of Jesus; they do not faithfully execute their trust. W. Lowth. in conformity with which, though His kingly authority
have not visited them : behold, I will visit upon be not so visibly and powerfully exerted, as it shall one you &c.] In Scripture language, to “ visit” any one is day be, yet we are not left under any reasonable doubt, to take such notice of him, and treat him in such a whether our blessed Lord be the promised Messiah. The manner, as his condition requires. “The day of God's amazing vengeance taken on His murderers, in destroyvisitation,” therefore, when wicked persons or nations ing their city and their constitution; and the no less are the subject, is the day of His vengeance, Isai. x. 3; wonderful success of His Gospel, propagated and prebut that “the Lord hath visited and redeemed His served in opposition to all its enemies, are instances of people,” is the highest expression of His love, Luke i. | His unlimited “ power in heaven and in earth,” Matt. 68. In this passage of Jeremiah these different senses xxviii. 18. The enlightening of Jews and Gentiles, by of the word are found together in a beautiful oppo- | bringing such multitudes of the one, and so many sition. Abp. Secker. “ To visit," in scriptural lan- nations of the other, to the acknowledgment of the guage, signifies to send good or evil judicially. Dr. truth, are a partial completion of the prophecies, though Johnson.
there be still a nobler in reserve, when the fulness of 3. And I will gather the remnant &c.] In that happy both shall come in. He reigns now actually in the time of restoration, I will gather the remnant of Mine | hearts of men, and subdues the most formidable of our elect people out of all countries, both them of Judah enemies by the holiness of His law, and the mighty and of Israel, into the bosom of My Church ; where operations of His grace. His dominion and conquest they shall be fruitful of all good works. Bp. Hall. indeed will be much more absolute, when the time shall
4. And I will set up shepherds over them which shall come for every enemy to be utterly destroyed. In the feed them :) I will set over them holy, conscientious, mean time we may be well assured, that what remains able pastors, which shall feed them with the bread of shall certainly come to pass, because nothing has life. Bp. Hall.
hitherto failed of what was seasonable and expedient to 5. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, &c.] It hath be done, as an evidence of Christ's regal authority. been universally agreed by Christian, and allowed by Dean Stanhope. several of the most eminent Jewish, interpreters, that
and shall execute judgment and justice in the this is a prophecy of the coming of Christ, and the earth.] This character is elsewhere given of the kingglorious state of God's Church consequent thereupon. dom of Christ; see Ps. lxxii. 2; Isai. xi. 5; xxxii. 1; Nor is it possible to think of any other person or event, His laws being the most perfect rule of righteous. to which the characters here mentioned agree; whilst ness, and He Himself the most impartial Rewarder of they all evidently conspire to point out the Messiah and every man according to his works, Rev. xxii, 12. W. Ilis kingdom. Dean Stanhope.
Christ shall rule
and save them. 6. In his days Judah shall be saved, country, and from all countries whi- Before 599. and Israel shall dwell safely : and ther I had driven them; and they 599.
this is his name whereby he shall shall dwell in their own land.
ken because of the prophets; all my e Chap. 16. 7 Therefore, behold, e the days bones shake; I am like a drunken
come, saith the Lord, that they shall man, and like a man whom wine hath
I 10 For the land is full of adul-
6. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall tiles, which will be also effected by these means, will so dwell safely :] The laws which Christ has enacted are so far exceed the miracles which He wrought in their holy, so wise, so good, that, if duly observed, the effect deliverance out of Egypt, that this latter will not deof them must be such exact justice, such uninterrupted serve to be compared or mentioned with the former. order and peace, such gentleness and good will, and W. Lowth. universal charity, as would make even heaven upon Meanwhile, the deliverance of Israel after the flesh is earth. Thus would the true Judah, the Israel of God, infinitely surpassed by the rescue of Israel after the they that believe and practise His blessed doctrine, spirit from a tyranny and bondage, with which the dwell in profound safety. Dean Stanhope.
Egyptian is not worthy of being named. And the reOr we may understand this prophecy to be in part membrance of the former is in great measure swallowed fulfilled in all true believers, the mystical Israel; and up and defaced by the abolition of those ceremonial that it will probably receive its utmost completion when rites and festivals ; in the place of which have sucthe Jewish nation shall be restored : a blessing foretold ceeded the two Christian sacraments, and our seasons of by most of the ancient Prophets, who generally join publick thanksgiving, as commemorations and perpetual Judah and Israel together, as equally sharers in the monuments of this latter and better redemption. Dean blessings, and forming no more two, but one kingdom. Stanhope. See note on chap. iii. 18. W. Lowth.
9. Nline heart within me is broken because of the pro- and this is his name whereby he shall be called, Iphets ;] The following head of prophecy, though proTHE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.) He shall | bably delivered at the same time with the foregoing one, really be what the title imports: (see the note on Isai. treats of a subject entirely different. Jeremiah testifies vii. 14;) He shall be “ JEHOVAH," or the true God, and the horrour he felt within him or contemplating the “our Righteousness," or the means of our justification : wickedness of the priests and prophets of Judah, and compare Isai. xlv. 24, 25; 1 Cor. i. 30. The title of the vengeance which God was about to execute upon Jehovah is elsewhere given to the Messiah by the Pro- them for the corruption which had been diffused phets; see Isai. xl. 10); xlviii. 17; Hos. i. 7; Zech. ii. through the whole land, by the influence of their evil 10, 11; Mal. iii. l; and being that name which de- doctrines and example, ver. 9-15. He exhorts the notes the essence and immutability of God, and acknow- people in the name of God, not to listen to the words of ledged by the Jews as incommunicable to any creature, the prophets, who prophesied of peace when evil was intimates to us the Divinity of Christ. By the personal determined, and would infallibly take place, as would in union of this to the human nature, and by the invaluable time appear; and charges those prophets with speakmerit which His sufferings thence derived, He expiated ing of themselves, and not from the Divine commission, the sins of the whole world, and so became “our Right- ver. 16-22, God asserts His omnipresence and omeousness.” W. Lowth, Dean Stanhope.
niscience; and reproveth the audaciousness of the false We seldom find the kingdom of Christ mentioned, prophets, who affected to place their own idol dreams but Righteousness is immediately mentioned as the on a level with the all-powerful and efficacious word of firstfruits of it. Righteousness left the earth at the fall | Divine revelation ; declaring Himself against the several of Adam, and returned again to visit and to bless it, at species of those impostors, ver. 23–32. La fine, He rethe birth of Christ. He was conceived without stain, quireth all sorts of persons to desist from an indecency lived without sin, and died without guilt. He conversed in common use, of styling His word “ a burden;" and in the world, yet contracted none of its pollution. His threatens severely to punish those, who, in defiance of bitterest enemies, Jews and Gentiles, joined to attest this command, should continue to cast such a slur upon His uprightness. See Matt. xxvii. 19; Luke xxiii. 4; it. Dr. Blayney. Matt. xxvii. 4 ; Luke xxiii. 47. The kingdom which
all my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, He came to establish was a kingdom of righteousness. &c.] The Prophets were sometimes struck with a He called men from the way of sin by His sermons; He dreadful apprehension of those judgments which they allured them from its pleasures by His example ; He denounced upon others. See the note on chap. xv. 18; cleansed them from its guilt by His blood; and rescued | Isai. xv, 5; Hab. in. 6. W. Lowth. them from its power by His Spirit. Thus did Jesus of 10. — for because of swearing the land mourneth ;] Nazareth answer His title of “the Just One;" and However slightly some may think of taking God's name evince Himself to be the true Melchisedek, or “ King of in vain, it is a notorious fact, that all manner of crimes Righteousness." Bp. Horne.
grow coinmon and barefaced along with it: and there7,8. Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Lord, fore, in proportion as that increases among any people, &c.] This wonderful work of God's, in restoring the they gradually ripen for destruction. Accordingly we Jewish nation after their dispersions all the world over, find the Prophet here declaring expressly, that, - betogether with the bringing in of the fulness of the Gen- ' cause of swearing the land mourneth.” And Hosea
1 Or, violence.
14. & 8. 11.
God's fearful judgments
against false prophets. c Before their || course is evil, and their force prophets that prophesy unto you: c Beforest 599.- is not right.
they make you vain: they speak a 599. 11 For both prophet and priest vision of their own heart, and not out are profane; yea, in my house have of the mouth of the Lord. I found their wickedness, saith the 17 They say still unto them that Lord.
despise me, The Lord hath said, 12 Wherefore their way shall be · Ye shall have peace; and they say h Chap. 6. unto them as slippery ways in the unto every one that walketh after the Ezek. 13.10. darkness: they shall be driven on, | || imagination of his own heart, No ? and fall therein : for I will bring evil evil shall come upon you. upon them, even the year of their 18 For who hath stood in the visitation, saith the Lord.
ll counsel of the Lord, and hath per- | 0r, secret. 13 And I have seen || + folly in the ceived and heard his word? who hath prophets of Samaria; they prophesied marked his word, and heard it? in Baal, and caused my people Israel 19 Behold, a i whirlwind of the i Chap. 30. to err.
Lord is gone forth in fury, even a 2. 14 I have seen also in the prophets grievous whirlwind: it shall fall grievof Jerusalem || an horrible thing: they ously upon the head of the wicked. commit adultery, and walk in lies: 1 20 The k anger of the LORD shall k. Chap. 30. they strengthen also the hands of not return, until he have executed, evildoers, that none doth return from and till he have performed the thoughts
his wickedness: they are all of them of his heart: in the latter days ye f Isai. 1. 9. unto me as ? Sodom, and the inhabit- shall consider it perfectly. ants thereof as Gomorrah.
1 21 'I have not sent these prophets, i Chap: 14.14. 15 Therefore thus saith the LORD yet they ran: I have not spoken to
of hosts concerning the prophets; Be- them, yet they prophesied.
and make them drink the water of counsel, and had caused my people to
from the evil of their doings.
& 27. 15.
puts that down in the first place, as the leading sin of 20. The anger of the Lord shall not return, &c.] “It those many, for which “the Lord had a controversy shall not return unto Me void,” as we read in Isai. lv. with the children of Israel. By swearing, and lying, 11. The expression is taken from a messenger, who and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they comes back without executing his commission. W. break out, and blood toucheth blood. Therefore shall Lowth. the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein - in the latter days ye shall consider] At last ye shall languish,” Hos. iv. 1-3. Abp. Secker.
shall by woeful experience find all this verified, and - and their course is evil, and their force is not shall then be deeply affected by it. Bp. Hall. right. Or, “ And their violence is evil," as in the mar 22. But if they had stood in my counsel, &c.] If they gin. Men abuse their power to the wronging and op- had received a commission and directions from Me, and pressing of their brethren, and add violence to the power had delivered them accordingly to My people, they would they are possessed of, in order to compass their wicked have laboured to turn them back from their vicious designs. W. Lowth.
courses. Bp. Hall. 11.- in my house have I found their wickedness,] See 23. Am I a God at hand, saith the Lord, and not a the note on chap. vii. 30.
God afar off?7 Can these false prophets think to im13, 14. — I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria ; 1 pose upon Me, or vent their own dreams in My name, &c.] He compares the sins of the prophets of Samaria and I not discover them? As if either distance or seand of those of Jerusalem together, and pronounces the crecy could place any thing out of the reach of My latter to be more enormous ; because the prophets of power and knowledge. W. Lowth. Jerusalem pronounced their false prophecies in the In these words are set forth three Divine perfections, name of the true God, and made Him responsible for to expose the folly of those wicked men who thought, all their impostures : the wickedness of their lives also or who acted as if they thought, that they could sin reflected dishonour upon His name and religion. Com- securely, and that God had no knowledge, and took no pare chap. iii. 11. W. Locth. .
notice, of their ways. God therefore, by the mouth of 18. For who hath stood in the counsel of the Lord, His Prophet, declares that He is present in all places: &c.] As if the Prophet had said, Who among these “Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord.” He false prophets can pretend to have the secret counsels declares, that no transactions can escape His inspection : of the Almighty communicated to him? Compare 1 Cor. “ Can any hide himself in secret places, that I shall not ii. 16. W. Lowth.
see him? saith the Lord.” These two perfections are 19. Behold, a whirlwind of the Lord &c.] This is mentioned expressly. A third is plainly implied, namely, spoken metaphorically. See chap. iv. 11, 12.
His irresistible power: for if a sinner, who thinks to con
Mockers of the
true prophets threatened. Beforeon 24 Can any mhide himself in secret 32 Behold, I am against them that Before
places that I shall not see him? saith prophesy false dreams, saith the Lord, 599.
ple to err by their lies, and by their Anos 9.2, 3.
25 I have heard what the prophets lightness; yet I sent them not, nor
LORD ? thou shalt then say unto
say, The burden of the LORD, I
brother, What hath the LORD an29 Is not my word like as a fire ? swered ? and, What hath the Lord saith the LORD; and like a hammer spoken?
that breaketh the rock in pieces ? 36 And the burden of the Lord . Deut. 18. 30 Therefore, behold, 'I am against shall ye mention no more: for every ch. 14. 14, 15. the prophets, saith the LORD, that man's word shall be his burden; for
steal' my words every one from his ye have perverted the words of the
living God, of the Lord of hosts our
their tongues, and say, He saith. prophet, What hath the LORD an
Riple rock in L'amagathat m
ceal himself from his Maker, is not only mistaken, but that it is quick and powerful, and sharper than any pursues his own ruin, the reason is, because God, who two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunis present every where, and who beholds every thing, der of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow," hath also a power to deal with every one as His wisdom Heb. iv. 12. Bp. Sanderson. shall direct Him. His presence is infinite, His know- 30. – the prophets, -that steal my words] That frauledge is unlimited, and His power is irresistible. Dr. dulently keep back the word of the Lord from the peoJortin,
| ple; and that take from each other, by compact and 28. The prophet that hath a dream, &c.] Away with | agreement, those prophecies, which themselves have all fraud in this holy service: that prophet, which hath falsely devised, and unjustly ascribed to God. Bp. Hall. but dreamed, let him confess it is but a dream; and he 31. — that use their tongues, and say, &c.] Who, by that hath indeed a vision and word from Me, let him their smooth tongues, persuade the people it is the word deliver it as My message faithfully : for what hath this of the Lord which they deliver, when it is nothing but “chaff” of idle dreams to do with the pure grain of their own fancy. Bp. Hall. My visions and revelations ? Bp. Hall. The difference 33. And when this people, &c.] The remaining part between true prophecies and counterfeits is as evident of this chapter is directed against those, who called the as that between “ the chaff” and “the wheat.” W. word of God, spoken by the true Prophets, “ a burden," Lowth.
by way of reproach ; meaning, that it always portended 29. Is not my word like as a fire ? saith the Lord; and evil, and never good; a burden signifying a calamitous like a hammer] Like a “fire,” to dissolve and melt the prophecy. Ahab intended to cast the same slur on the hearts of relenting sinners; but like a strong “ham-Prophet Micaiah, when he represented him as one that mer," to batter and break in pieces the rocky and flinty “never prophesied good concerning him, but evil," 1 consciences of obstinate and hardened offenders. ' Wit- Kings xxii. 8. Dr. Blayney. The Jews quibbled on the ness Saul submitting to the reproof of Samuel, 1 Sam. word, which in the original has different senses. See xv. 24 ; the Ninevites repenting at the menaces of Jonas, the note on Isai. xiii. 1. Jonah ii. 5; Felix trembling at the reasoning of St. ' 36. — every man's word shall be his burden ; &c.] You Paul, Acts xxiv. 25; and Ahab mourning, when Elijah shall be severely accountable for your loose and protelleth him of his sin, and forewarns him of his punish fane speeches, wherewith you deride and pervert the ment, 1 Kings xxi. 29. That, which in the Epistle to words and messages of God Himself. W. Lowth. The the Hebrews is spoken, if I mistake not, of the essential words of God were delivered with a salutary tendency Word of God, the second Person in the ever blessed to warn sinners of the danger of their situation, and to Trinity, is also in an analogy true of the revealed word call them to repentance. Those therefore, who make a of God, the Scriptures of the Prophets and Apostles ; I right use of them, will have no cause to complain; but VOL. II.
+ Heb. for
The prophet foresheweth the restoration JEREMIAH. of them that were in captivity, Before..swered thee? and, What hath the and the other basket had very naughty Before 599.- Lord spoken?
figs, which could not be eaten, † they about 598.
39 Therefore, behold, I, even 1, 4 | Again the word of the Lord
I acknowledge + them that are car- + Heb. the p Chap. 20. 40 And I will bring Pan everlast- ried away captive of Judah, whom I “p
ing reproach upon you, and a per- have sent out of this place into the
6 For I will set mine eyes upon
them for good, and I will bring them CHAP. XXIV.
again to this land : and I will build
foresheweth the restoration of them that will plant them, and not pluck them
7 And I will give them ban heart b Deut. 30. 6. about 598. THE LORD shewed me, and, be- to know me, that I am the LORD: Ezek. 11. 19.
1 hold, two baskets of figs were set and they shall be my people, and I & 36.26, 27.
before the temple of the Lord, after will be their God: for they shall re- 22. & 31. 35. a 2 Kings 24. that Nebuchadrezzar a king of Baby-turn unto me with their whole heart. 2 Chron. 36. lon had carried away captive Jeconiah 8 And as the evil d figs, which d Chap. 29.
the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, cannot be eaten, they are so evil;
2 One basket had very good figs, salem, that remain in this land, and
have sent captive of Judant are car. them for I will cleans for their
those, who despise and reject them, pervert that which Ver. 1. — two baskets of figs were set before the temple should have been for their wealth, into an occasion of of the Lord,] The vision represented two such baskets falling. Dr. Blayney.
of figs, as used to be offered up for firstfruits at the 39. – I will utterly forget you,] Rather, “I will take temple. See Deut. xxvi. 2. W. Lowth. you up altogether :" "I will carry you away, or re - the carpenters and smiths,] The former is a general move you,” as a burden ; with a more striking and name for any handicraftsman, whether working in wood pertinent allusion to what was said in the foregoing or in metal : it is probable that the latter word means verses. W. Lowth, Dr. Blayney.
properly the “armourers.” And it is reasonable to pre
sume that the king of Babylon would be solicitous to Chap. XXIV. This is one of those prophecies, which carry off all these, with intent not only to employ them were delivered after the reign of Jehoiakim, and in the in his own service, but to prevent the Jews who were former or peaceable part of Zedekiah's reign, before he left behind, from furnishing themselves with arms in renounced his allegiance to the king of Babylon : of case of a revolt. Dr. Blayney. those prophecies the following appears to be the most 6. – I will build them, and not pull them down ;] This proper arrangement: chap. xxiv, xxix, xxx, xxxi, may be understood both of the prosperous estate, which xxvii, xxviii.
| God would give them in the land of their captivity, We cannot be mistaken in placing this chapter at the and likewise contains a promise of restoring them and very beginning of Zedekiah's reign, within the first year their posterity to their own country, chap. xxix. 10. at least, since the vision is dated from after the carrying W. Lowth. away of Jeconiah and the people with him into captivity, 7. And I will give them an heart to know me, &c.] as from an event which happened but a little before. Compare chap. xxix. 12, 13. To these first captives
Under the type of good and bad figs, God repre- chiefly belong those blessings, which are promised to senteth to Jeremiah the different manner in which He the Jews upon their return from captivity ; such as should deal with the people that were carried away cap were the knowledge and fear of God, and grace to live tive, and with those that were left behind; shewing His in obedience to His commandments : compare chap. favour and kindness to the former in their restoration xxx. 22; xxxi. 33; xxxii. 38, 39. These were accomand re-establishment; but pursuing the latter with un-plished in the times after the captivity, when the Jews relenting judgments unto utter destruction. Dr. Blay. adhered constantly to their religion, and were very careney.
| ful not to fall into idolatry, W. Lowth.