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Nehmen in by these pot Jerusalem,
The prophet exhorteth to a due JEREMIAH.
observation of the sabbath. Before inhabitants of Jerusalem, that enter | cense, and bringing sacrifices of praise,
CHRIST about 601. in by these gates:
unto the house of the LORD.
about 601. 21 Thus saith the Lord; 1 Take 27 But if ye will not hearken unto n Neh.13.19.
heed to yourselves, and bear no bur-me to hallow the sabbath day, and
22 Neither carry forth a burden sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire
day, neither do ye any work, but vour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it o Exod. 20. 8. hallow ye the sabbath day, as I com- shall not be quenched.
manded your fathers. Ezek. 20. 12. 00 put the ab
23 But they obeyed not, neither CHAP. XVIII. inclined their ear, but made their , Under the
eir 1 Under the type of a potter is shewed God's neck stiff, that they might not hear, absolute power in disposing of nations. 11 nor receive instruction.
Judgments threatened to Judah for her 24 And it shall come to pass, if ye
strange revolt. 18 Jeremiah prayeth against diligently hearken unto me, saith the
his conspirators. Lord, to bring in no burden through
THE word which came to Jere- about 605. the gates of this city on the sabbath 1 miah from the Lord, saying, day, but hallow the sabbath day, to 2 Arise, and go down to the potdo no work therein;
ter's house, and there I will cause p Chap. 22. 4. 25 p Then shall there enter into the thee to hear my words.
gates of this city kings and princes. 3 Then I went down to the potter's
1 Or, frames, riding in chariots and on horses, they, on the || wheels.
or, seats. and their princes, the men of Judah, 4 And the vessel || that he made of Or, that he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem: and clay was marred in the hand of the ma
marred, as this city shall remain for ever. potter: so he + made it again another clay in the
hand of the 26 And they shall come from the vessel, as seemed good to the potter potter. cities of Judah, and from the places to make it. about Jerusalem, and from the land ! 5 Then the word of the Lord made. of Benjamin, and from the plain, and came to me, saying, from the mountains, and from the 6 O house of Israel, a cannot I do a Isai. 45. 9. south bringing burnt offerings, and with you as this potter? saith the Rom: 9:26.
Wisd. 15. 7. sacrifices, and meat offerings, and in- Lord. Behold, as the clay is in the
--- --- -----the Hebrew language, signifies any person in autho- Chap. XVIII. The prophecies and transactions, conrity: see chap. xxv. 20, &c.; 1. 41; li. 28. W. Lowth. tained in this and the two following chapters succes
25. Then shall there enter into the gates of this city sively, hang together, and must be referred to some &c.7 Compare chap. xxii. 4. Hence it appears, that part of the three first years of the reign of Jehoiakim. the judgments denounced against Jerusalem, at least as The Prophet is shewn, first, under the type of the potfar as they threatened the city with utter destruction, ter, God's absolute authority over nations and kingwere not irreversible. And from the Prophet's advice doms to regulate and alter their condition at His own to Zedekiah, chap. xxxviii. 17, it may be concluded, that discretion, ver. 1-10. He is then directed to exhort the if the king had listened to that counsel, the city would people to avert the evil designed them by repentance not have been destroyed, and he himself might have and amendment; and upon their refusal to charge them continued a tributary king under Nebuchadnezzar. It is with the guilt of unprecedented revolt, and to foretell true, that in several other chapters of this prophecy, their destruction, ver. 11-17. They conspire against God, upon foresight of the Jews' impenitence, pro him: he protesteth against their unmerited and unnounces a peremptory sentence upon them: see the grateful persecution of him, and calleth for justice note on chap. iv. 28. W. Lowth.
| against them. Dr. Blayney. - riding in chariots, and on horses,] This is plainly Ver.-6. — cannot I do with you as this potter] The a description of a state of peace and security; compare comparison of a potter, here proposed, does not signify ver. 27 : taken in any other sense, it must stand in con that God has created men to destroy them, or render tradiction to the law in Deut. xvii. 16, and to many them unhappy, by the mere effect of His will; but the other texts in Scripture. Bp. Sherlock.
design of it was, to teach the Jews that they were in 26. — from the plain, and from the mountains, and from the hands of God, and that He was able to punish them, the south,] These divisions of the country, belonging and afterwards to restore them : in the same manner as to the tribe of Judah, may be found Josh. xv. 21, 33, a potter, who, thinking to make a good vessel and not 48; and these, together with the tribe of Benjamin, succeeding, might break it, and make another with the make up the whole kingdom of Judah, when taken same clay. Thus God Himself explains it, when He separate from the kingdom of Israel, or of the ten says, that if a nation, which He had purposed to detribes. See the same enumeration, chap. xxxii. 44. Dr. stroy, turned from its iniquity, He would not destroy Blayney.
'it; and on the contrary, if a nation, which He had
+ Heb. returned and
for a rock, or,
Judgments threatened to Judah CHAP. XVIII.
for her strange revolt. se potter's hand, so are ye in mine hand, hope : but we will walk after our own Before about 605. O house of Israel.
devices, and we will every one do the about 605. 7 At what instant I shall speak imagination of his evil heart.
concerning a nation, and concerning 13 Therefore thus saith the LORD; b Chap. 1. 10. a kingdom, to "pluck up, and to pull ? Ask ye now among the heathen, who r Chap. 2. 10. down, and to destroy it ;
hath heard such things: the virgin of 8 If that nation, against whom I Israel hath done a very horrible thing.
have pronounced, turn from their ! 14 Will a man leave the snow of Or, my fields e Jonah 3. 10. evil, o I will repent of the evil that I Lebanon which cometh from the rock for the snow of thought to do unto them.
of the field ? or shall the cold flowing shalirne 9 And at what instant I shall speak waters that come from another place running, concerning a nation, and concerning be forsaken? a kingdom, to build and to plant it; | 15 Because my people hath for- cold waters ?
10 If it do evil in my sight, that it gotten & me, they have burned incense g Chap: 2. 13. obey not my voice, then I will repent to vanity, and they have caused them of the good, wherewith I said I would to stumble in their ways from the benefit them.
ancient paths, to walk in paths, in a h Chap. 6. 16. 11 | Now therefore go to, speak way not cast up; to the men of Judah, and to the in- 16 To make their land i desolate, i Chap. 19. 8. habitants of Jerusalem, saying, Thus and a perpetual hissing; every one 50. 13. saith the LORD; Behold, I frame evil that passeth thereby shall be astonish
against you, and devise a device ed, and wag his head. d 2 Kings 17. against you: d return ye now every 17 I will scatter them as with an ch. 7.3. & 25. one from his evil way, and make your east wind before the enemy; I will
15. ways and your doings good.. shew them the back, and not the face, e Chap. 2. 25. 12 And they said, e There is no in the day of their calamity.
Anunc put waters be
forsaken for the strange
& 17. 13.
& 49. 16. &
determined to bless, did not hearken to His voice, He 14. Will a man leave the snow of Lebanon which would withdraw His favour from that nation. Ostervald. cometh from the rock of the field ?] It is as strange and
7. At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, incredible for men to forsake the true God for idols, as &c.] God does not threaten evil, because He is re- it would be for a thirsty traveller to forego the cold resolved to inflict it; rather, He threatens it, that we may freshing streams that come in his way. See Prov. xxv. by our repentance prevent it, and so He may not inflict 25. Lebanon derives its name from the whiteness of it. “He foretelleth,” saith St. Chrysostom,“ what the snow which, even in the heat of summer, covers its He will bring upon us, for this very purpose, that He top. W. Lowth. may not bring it upon us; and warneth before He By its exceeding height it proves a conservatory for striketh, to make us careful to avoid the stroke.” God abundance of snow, which thawing in the heat of sumsends His servants, the Prophets, to threaten vengeance mer affords supplies of water to the rivers and fountains against sinners, not thereby to drive them from hope in the valleys below. Mnundrell. of mercy, but to draw them to repentance and humi- / It appears also, that the snow of mount Lebanon is liation. Nor is it to be accounted among the least of used in the summer to mix with wine, for the purpose God's mercies, that, when He might in His just dis- of cooling it: and it may have been employed in the pleasure overwhelm us in the very act of sin, yet He same way in the time of Jeremiah. See note at Prov. forbeareth and forewarneth, and foretelleth and threat- xxv. 13. Harmer. eneth us, before He punish; that, if we will take any
or shall the cold flowing waters that come from warning, He may do better to us than He hath said, | another place be forsaken?] The passage may be transand not bring upon us what He hath threatened. Bp. | lated, “Shall the running waters be forsaken for the Sanderson.
muddy waters?" and so it is parallel to chap. ii. 13, 18. S. - I will repent of the evil See the notes on Gen. Or, the sense is much the same if translated, “Shall vi. 6.
| the running waters be forsaken for strange waters, or 10. - I will repent of the good, &c.] From this and waters that come from another place ?” that is, waters the foregoing verse we may infer, ihat God's promises conveyed in pipes or conduits. See the margin. W. in Scripture, however uttered in general terms, are yet | Lowth. for the most part to be understood conditionally, ac- ! 15. — have caused them to stumble in their ways &c.] cording as men behave themselves, especially when 'The worship of idols hath perverted them from followapplied to particular persons : see Numb. xiv. 34. And ing the old beaten track, plainly set forth in the law of as God did justly reject those Jews who refused to em- Moses, and in the examples and practice of former brace the Gospel, notwithstanding the general promises ages ; see chap. vi. 16; and hath engaged them in such He had made to that people; so neither can particular new and untried ways of worship, as will end in their Christians, nor churches, lay any claim to God's general | utter ruin, ver. 16. W. Lowth. promise of preserving His Church, any further than as 17. I will scatter them as with an east wind The cathey adhere to that rule of faith and manners, which lamities of war and the like wasting judgments are He hath prescribed to them in His holy word. W. I elsewhere coinpared to an east wind, which is dry and Louth.
blasting. See Isai. xxvii. 8; Ezek. xvii. 10; xix. 12; 11. — return ye now every one from his evil way,] See Hos, xiii. 15. W. Lowth. the note on chap. xvii. 25.
-- I will shew them the back, and not the face,] I
Jeremiah prayeth against his conspirators. JEREMIAH. Under the type of a potter's vessel
ŠT. 18 q Then said they, Come, and their counsel against me fto slay me: about 605. let us devise devices against Jeremiah; | forgive not their iniquity, neither blot about 605. ī k for the law shall not perish from the out their sin from thy sight, but let i
priest, nor counsel from the wise, nor them be overthrown before thee; deal death.
the word from the prophet. Come, thus with them in the time of thine ! Or, for the and let us smite him || with the tongue, anger.
and let us not give heed to any of
the son of Hinnom, which is by the 1 Ps. 109. 10. 21 Therefore deliver up their chil- entry of + the east gate, and pro- + Heb. the Heb.pour dren to the famine, and + pour out claim there the words that I shall tell **
their blood by the force of the sword; thee.
Behold, I will bring evil upon this
have burned incense in it unto other
al Sam, 3.11. 2 Kings 21.
will not so much as look upon them in their distress. of Judah and Jerusalem for their sins, ver. 1–13; and Bp. Hall.
repeateth the like denunciations in the court of the 18. Then said they, Come, and let us devise devices &c.] temple, ver. 14, 15: for which being beaten and imThe people to whom Jeremiah had delivered his mes- prisoned by Pashur, captain of the temple, on his sage from God, seem to have been incensed against release he pronounceth a terrible sentence against Pahim on much the same ground as the Jews were in shur and his friends, foretelling their being carried aftertimes against our Saviour and His Apostles. They away captives with all Judah unto Babylon, where had persuaded themselves, that God had intended for Pashur and all that belonged to him should die in exile, them a perpetual establishment; and would accordingly chap. xx. 1-6. Jeremiah complaineth of the mockery provide them with a constant succession of men in all of his enemies, and their malicious attempts to hurt departments to preserve and maintain the general wel- him, but professeth his trust, that God would still fare; namely, priests to direct all matters of law and defeat their purposes, and avenge his wrongs; and religion ; wise statesmen to manage their civil concerns; celebrateth his deliverance with a song of praise, ver. and prophets to make known to them the immediate 7-13. He bitterly lamenteth his being born to a life will of God on all important and extraordinary occasions. of so much sorrow and uneasiness, ver. 14. to the end. Upon this presumption they inferred, that Jeremiah, | Dr. Blayney. who foretold the contrary, was a false prophet, and as Ver. 1.-a potter's earthen bottle,] An earthen such they determined to punish him. Dr. Blayney. I pitcher, with a narrow neck, made to drink from. W.
- let us smite him with the tongue,] Let us raise Lowth. slanders and accusations against him. Bp. Hall. I -- the ancients] “ The ancients of the people ;"
20. — they have digged a pit for my soul.) To entrap the members of the great Sanhedrim : compare chap. and destroy me; as men dig pits to ensnare wolves, xxvi. 17; Ezek. viii. 11. “The ancients of the priests;" bears, and other wild beasts. Calmet.
the heads of the four and twenty courses: see 1 Chron. 21. Therefore deliver up their children to the famine, xxiv. 4. W. Lowth. See the note on chap. xxvi. 10. &c.] Since they are thus incorrigible, I shall not any 2. — which is by the entry of the east gate,] The more intercede for them; but let them be overtaken by valley of Hinnom lay south of the temple. In the Hethose calamities of fire and sword, with which Thou brew it is the gate Harsith, which some interpret the hast threatened them. See chap. xvi. 4; and the note dung gate, mentioned Nehem. ii. 13; others the potter's on chap. xi. 20. W. Lowth.
gate ; the potter's field being near the temple. See
Zech. xi. 13; Matt. xxvii. 10. W. Lowth. Chap. XIX. Under the type of breaking a potter's 3. — his ears shall tingie.] A scriptural phrase to devessel, Jeremiah, in the presence of the elders of the note uncommon astonishment. See 1 Sam. iii. 11; 2 priests and people, foresheweth the ruin and desolation | Kings xxi. 12. Calmet.
the desolation of the Jews
is foreshewed. Beforer fathers have known, nor the kings of cannot t be made wbole again : and Before about 605. Judah, and have filled this place with they shall 'bury them in Tophet, till about 605. the blood of innocents;
there be no place to bury. 5 They have built also the high 12 Thus will I do unto this place, healed. places of Baal, to burn their sons with saith the Lord, and to the inhabit. "Chap. c. 1226
fire for burnt offerings unto Baal, ants thereof, and even make this city h Chap. 7. 31, which I commanded not, nor spake as Tophet:
it, neither came it into my mind : 13 And the houses of Jerusalem,
6 Therefore, behold, the days come, and the houses of the kings of Judah,
all the host of heaven, and have pour-
the hands of them that seek their to prophesy; and he stood in the c Chap. 7.33. lives : and their carcases will I court of the Lord's house; and said
give to be meat for the fowls of to all the people,
the God of Israel; Behold, I will
not hear my words. 9 And I will cause them to eat the e lev. 26. 29. e flesh of their sons and the flesh of
every one the flesh of his friend in 1 Pashur, smiting Jeremiah, receiveth a new
name, and a fearful doom. 7 Jeremiah
complaineth of contempt, 10 of treachery their enemies, and they that seek
14 and of his birth. their lives, shall straiten them.
10 Then shalt thou break the bot N OW Pashur the son of a Immer a Chron, 24.
governor in the house of the LORD,
Deut. 28. 53.
4.- nor the kings of Judah,] The good kings of great court of the temple, which is called the “outer former times, such as David, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Heze- court,” Ezek. xlvi. 21. W. Lowth. kiah, and Josiah. W. Lowth.
15. — upon all her towns] All the cities of Judah 5. – to burn their sons—unto Baal,] See notes at and Benjamin are meant, which acknowledged JeruLevit. xviii. 21; 2 Kings xxiii. 10; and on chap. xxxii. salem for their metropolis, and were subordinate to her. 35.
Dr. Blayney. 8.- an hissing :7 “Hissing" seems to mean here an inarticulate sound, expressing not so much con Chap. XX. ver. 1. Now Pashur the son of Immer the tempt, as astonishment mixed with horrour. See chap. priest, &c.] The family of Immer was the sixteenth in xviii. 16. Dr. Blayney.
order of the four and twenty courses of the priests: see 9. -- I will cause them to eat the flesh &c.] See par- i Chron. xxiv. 14: and this Pashur, by being head of ticularly Deut. xxviii. 53, with the note upon it. his family, had a principal authority in directing matters
12. - and even make this city as Tophet :) A place relating to the temple, and keeping good order there. of slaughter and burial for the inhabitants. Bp. Hall. He is therefore called “chief governour,” or “a chief
13. — upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto governour in the house of the Lord :" see 1 Chron. all the host of heaven,] The Jews having their houses xxiv. 5. So Hilkiah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, are called with flat roofs, (see Deut. xxii. 8,) there dedicated altars "rulers of the house of God," 2 Chron. xxxv. 8; beto the host of heaven, where they could have the fullest cause the first of them was chief priest, and the other view of them: see 2 Kings xxiii, 12; Zeph. i. 5. W. two probably heads of their courses. W. Louth. Lowth.
2. — the stocks ] More properly “the house of cor14. — he stood in the court of the Lord's house ;] The rection.” The original word occurs twice besides; chap.
Before CHRIST about 605.
Pashur's fearful doom.
JEREMIAH. Jeremiah complaineth of contempt, Beforean that were in the high gate of Benja-spoil them, and take them, and carry about 605. min, which was by the house of the them to Babylon. Lord.
6 And thou, Pashur, and all that 3. And it came to pass on the mor- | dwell in thine house shall go into row, that Pashur brought forth Jere- captivity : and thou shalt come to miah out of the stocks. Then said Babylon, and there thou shalt die, Jeremiah unto him, The Lord hath and shalt be buried there, thou, and
not called thy name Pashur, but all thy friends, to whom thou hast That is, fear || Magor-missabib.
prophesied lies. 4 For thus saith the LORD, Be- 7 10 LORD, thou hast deceived hold, I will make thee a terror to me, and I was || deceived: thou art | Or, enticed. thyself, and to all thy friends: and stronger than I, and hast prevailed : they shall fall by the sword of their | I am in derision daily, every one enemies, and thine eyes shall behold mocketh me. it : and I will give all Judah into the 8 For since I spake, I cried out, I hand of the king of Babylon, and he cried violence and spoil; because the shall carry them captive into Baby-word of the Lord was made a relon, and shall slay them with the proach unto me, and a derision, daily. sword.
* 9 Then I said, I will not make b 2 Kings 20. 5 Moreover I \ will deliver all the mention of him, nor speak any more
strength of this city, and all the la- in his name. But his word was in
xxix. 26, and 2 Chron. xvi. 10; in both which places his countrymen had often tempted him to wish that he it is rendered simply a “prison;" and is mentioned as could withdraw himself out of the way, ver. 8, 9. Dr. a punishment due to or inflicted on one, who assumed | Blayney. the character of a prophet without a proper call; or was 8. For since I spake, I cried out, I cried violence and presumed to have behaved unbecomingly as such. It spoil ;] Or, “I cried out of violence, and complained is probable, that Pashur, having caused Jeremiah to be aloud of spoil.” Since I began to prophesy, I have beaten or scourged, ordered him into confinement after- reason to complain of the hardships which I have unwards; whence he released him the next day. Dr. dergone upon that account: see chap. xi. 19, &c.; XV. Blayney.
15, xviii. 18. This verse may also be thus explained : - the high gate of Benjamin,] This gate was pro- Since I began to prophesy as God commanded me, I bably on the north side of the city, (Ezek. ix. 2,) and have freely expostulated with my countrymen of the so named from its situation towards the tribe of Ben- violence and oppression of which they have been guilty; jamin. Dr. Wells.
see chap. vi. 7; and therefore all the requital that I 3.- Magor-missabib.] See the margin. God's call. have had for the faithful discharge of my office, has ing him by that name implies, that He would render been contempt and ill usage. W. Lowth." him such as He called him. So when God called 9. - was in mine heart as a burning fire] What is Abram by the new name of Abraham, He assigns the here meant probably is, that the conscience of the Proreason, “ for a father of many nations have I made phet would not let him be easy in suppressing that thee,” Gen. xvii. 5. Dr. Blayney.
which he knew it was his duty to speak out. In like 5. — all the strength of this city, &c.] All its wealth, manner St. Paul says of himself, that “ necessity was and all that the inhabitants have gotten by their indus- laid upon him, so that woe would be to him if he try. The word rendered "strength” is elsewhere trans- preached not the Gospel, the dispensation of which was lated “treasure,” Prov. xv. 6; Ezek. xxii. 25. W. committed unto him," i Cor. ix. 16, 17. The Psalmist Lowth. Or, the word rendered “strength" means the makes use of the like expression, “the fire burned,” to men of war, who constitute the strength of a city or denote the inward agitation he felt, whilst he endeastate. Dr. Blayney.
voured to stifle the sentiments which laboured for utter7. O Lord, thou hast deceived me, &c.] The original ance, Ps. xxxix. 3. Dr. Blayney. word here may signify to “persuade” or “ allure," and | There is no heat so raging and insupportable, as that that by fair, as well as by indirect, means. The pas- in the bosom of an honest man on doing any thing sage alludes to that encouragement, which the Prophet which he ought not to have done, or refraining from received from God, either at his first appointment, chap. that which his conscience informs him he ought to do. i. 7, 8, 17—19; or afterwards, when he began to com Lord Clarendon. plain of hardships, chap. xv. 19—21. The meaning 10. For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every therefore of the Prophet's words in this place is consis- side.] Or, Magor-missabib. Many upbraided me with tent with the most perfect piety and reverence towards the ill usage I received from Pashur, and with my proGod: who, he says, had prevailed on him to undertake phecy against him, by the name of Magor-missabib. If an honourable, though painful, employment; and had we follow the received translation, as the expression is encouraged him to go on with it by assurances, which the same with Psalm xxxi, 13, so the sense seems to be he acknowledges to have been made good, ver. 11–13; much the same in both places; namely, From the slannotwithstanding the unmerited scorn and reproaches of' derous reports raised about me, I had reason to appre