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CHRIST about 712.
CHRIST about 712.
+ Heb. to his
Salvation without respect of persons. ISAIAH. Blind watchmen inveighed against. Beforer 4 For thus saith the Lord unto I gather others to him, + beside those Before the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, that are gathered unto him.
about 712. and choose the things that please me, 9 | All ye beasts of the field, come and take hold of my covenant; to devour, yea, all ye beasts in the gathered.
5 Even unto them will I give in forest. mine house and within my walls a 10 His watchmen are blind : they place and a name better than of sons are all ignorant, they are all dumb and of daughters : I will give them dogs, they cannot bark; || sleeping, ! Or, an everlasting name, that shall not be lying down, loving to slumber. or, talking in cut off.
11 Yea, they are † greedy dogs in
wine, and we will fill ourselves with a Chap. 2. 2. 7 Even them will I a bring to my strong drink; and to morrow shall be
holy mountain, and make them joyful as this day, and much more abun-
offerings and their sacrifices shall be b Matt. 21.13. accepted upon mine altar; for bmine
CHAP. LVII. Luke 19. 46. house shall be called an house of The blessed death of the righteous. 3 God prayer for all people.
reproveth the Jews for their whorish idola8 The Lord God which gathered I try. 13 He giveth evangelical promises to the outcasts of Israel saith, Yet will | the penitent.
Mark 11. 17.
the Old Testament, (see Deut. xxiii. 1-3,) might ex Jews with many great promises of God's favour to be pect they should have an inferior share in the kingdom extended towards them, here makes a transition to the of Christ. Vitringa. God declares here, that the Gen- more disagreeable part of the prospect ; and to a sharp tile should be accepted, under the Gospel dispensation, reproof of the wicked and unbelievers, and especially of (the partition wall being broken down,) equally with the negligent and faithless governours and teachera, (as the Jew; and that whereas eunuchs were formerly for- dumb dogs, dreamers, sluggards, &c. ver. 10, 11 ;) of bidden to “enter into the congregation of the Lord,” the idolaters and hypocrites, who would still draw down the times were now coming, when those restraints His judgments upon the nation; probably having in should be taken off; the inward endowments of the view the destruction of their city and polity by the soul be sufficient to give persons a title to the com-Chaldeans, and perhaps by the Romans : compare Jer. munion of saints; and their names be written in the xii. 7, 9, where he well explains this of Isaiah. The book of life, a more lasting remembrance than posterity same subject is continued in the next chapter ; in which could entitle them to. W. Lowth.
the charge of apostasy and corruption becomes more 7.- and make them joyful in my house of prayer :] general. Bp. Lowth. They who truly love and fear God above all things, find 10. His watchmen are blind : &c.] Jerusalem is here more joy and comfort in His house than any where represented to the Prophet as trodden under foot, and else: the whole work of the place is delightful to them, plundered by the hostile nations round about her, the Spirit of God co-operating with them in it, and This devastation he here sets forth under a proper meGod never failing to perform His promise here made, to taphor. He represents his people as a flock of sheep: those who come to His house duly prepared, and keep their rulers, both religious and civil, as shepherds, and their minds intent upon Him, and the duties there per- their dogs set to watch the flock; and their enemies, formed. Bp. Beveridge.
who watched for their destruction, he resembles to wild shall be called) See note on chap. ix. 6. beasts ravening after their prey. And seeing how - an house of prayer for all people. The temple wretchedly the flock was guarded, he cries out in an was designed for other nations as well as the Jews to ecstatick manner, “O all ye beasts of the field, come, say their prayers in, at the first dedication by Solomon; come, ye beasts of the forest, and devour.” Not that (see 1 Kings viï. 41, 42 ;) though the number of pro- he desired this; but he knew it would be the conseselytes was not considerable till the times of the second quence of what follows; for, says he, “ those that temple: this however, and the sacrifices above men- should watch our flock are blind.” This is a warning tioned, are chiefly to be understood of the Christian to all spiritual watchmen, to discharge their trust faithworship, and the spiritual sacrifices of prayer and fully; not to follow their own ways, and pursue their thanksgiving proper to it. The remark, " that the Pro- temporal gain, and ease, and safety, above all things; phet uses such expressions, with relation to the Gospel not to be silent when they ought to speak; not to shut times, as are taken from the usages of his own," is a their eyes when they should see: for in so doing they good rule for explaining the idioms of the prophetick will lose their own souls, as well as the souls of those writings. W. Lowth. See notes on chap. xix. 19. committed to their charge. Let us then beseech the
9. All ye beasts of the field, come to devour, &c.] universal Shepherd and Watchman, who never slumHere manifestly begins a new section: the Prophet, bereth nor sleepeth, to inspire all His ministers with a having in the foregoing chapters comforted the faithfull zeal for His glory, that they may constantly speak the
Blic. 7. 2.
The blessed death of the righteous. CHAP. LVII.
God reproveth the Jews. Before. THE righteous perisheth, and notain hast thou set thy bed : even thi- Before about 695. 1 man layeth it to heart: and ther wentest thou up to offer sacri- about 698.
of † a merciful men are taken away, none fice. kindness, or, considering that the righteous is taken 8 Behind the doors also and the a Ps. 12. 1. away || from the evil to come.
posts hast thou set up thy remem2. He shall || enter into peace: they brance : for thou hast discovered thyThat which is shall rest in their beds, each one walk- self to another than me, and art gone 10r. go in ing ll in his uprightness.
| up; thou hast enlarged thy bed, and 3 | But draw near hither, ye sons | || made thee a covenant with them ; ! Or, hewed it of the sorceress, the seed of the adul thou lovedst their bed || where thou larger than terer and the whore.
sawest it. 4 Against whom do ye sport your- 9 And || thou wentest to the king providest selves? against whom make ye a wide with ointment, and didst increase thy l Or, thou mouth, and draw out the tongue? are perfumes, and didst send thy mes- king. ye not children of transgression, a sengers far off, and didst debase thyseed of falsehood,
self even unto hell.
children in the valleys under the There is no hope: thou hast found
the || life of thine hand ; therefore 11 Or, living.
my peace even of old, and thou fear7 Upon a lofty and high moun- est me not ?.
truth, and boldly rebuke vice, after the example of our Hall. Or by oil poured upon them, which was a fregreat Master, who kept back nothing of the Divine will quent practice among the heathens. W. Lowth. from His people. Reading.
7. Upon a lofty and high mountain hast thou set thy
bed: even thither wentest thou up to offer sacrifice.] The Chap. LVII. ver. 1. The righteous perisheth, and no | bed here mentioned may most fitly be understood of man layeth it to heart : &c.] The death of good Heze- such an one as was used at feasts, and was prepared for kiah is probably denoted. Dr. Wells. The Prophet | the entertainment which was made with part of the obcomplains of the general neglect of people, to consider lation. W. Lowth. There is at the same time a conthe loss of good and useful men, as a presage of evil : tinued allusion to the practices of an adulteress. when God in mercy taketh away such, it should be a 8. Behind the doors also and the posts hast thou set up warning to us to look for evil to come. Bp. Sanderson. thy remembrance :] That is, the image of their tutelary
2. He shall enter into peace :] The same sense is ex- gods, or something dedicated to them ; in direct oppopressed at large, Gen. xv. 15, “Thou shalt go to thy sition to the law of God, which commanded them to fathers in peace.” Bp. Lowth. These words appear to write upon the door posts of their house, and upon their be an allusion to the future state ; what more natural gates, the words of God's law, Deut. vi. 9 ; xi. 20. If signification have they than that expressed in the Book they chose for them such a situation as more private, it of Wisdom, chap. iii. 1, 3, “The souls of the righteous was in defiance of a particular curse denounced, Deut. are in the hand of God;—they are in peace?” Dr. S. xxvii. 15. Bp. Lowth. Clarke. Thus is the happiness of heaven frequently 9. - thou wentest to the king with ointment, &c.] See described to us in Scripture; and certainly it is no chap. xxx. 0. They courted the king of Egypt, or of small encouragement towards making us love religion, Assyria, as best served their interest. W. Lowth. that it promiseth to us in the next life a freedom from Hosea reproaches the Israelites for the same practice, all the evils and troubles of this. Abp. Tillotson. chap. xii. ]. It is well known that in all parts of the
they shall rest in their beds, &c.] As death is East whoever visits a great person must carry him a compared to sleep, so is the grave to a bed. See chap. present. Bp. Lowth. See note on 1 Sam. ix. 7. xiv. 18. W. Lowth.
10. Thou art wearied in the greatness of thy way; &c.] 5. — under every green tree, &c.] See note on chap. Thou hast tried all ways to save thyself from the evils i. 29.
that threaten thee: with what pains didst thou court - slaying the children in the valleys] Offering them the favour of foreign princes! and to no purpose; yet in sacrifice to Moloch; a sin severely prohibited, Lev. thou didst not refrain : “thou hast found the life of XX. 2, &c.; yet much practised in the times of the idol- thine hand,” that is, thou hast made a shift by these atrous kings of Judah, 2 Kings xxiii. 10; 2 Chron. methods to support thyself for the present, therefore xxviii. 3. The valley of Hinnom was chiefly noted for thou hast felt no remorse. W. Lowth, Bp. Wilson. this inhuman practice, Jer. vii. 31. W. Lowth.
11.- have not I held my peace even of old, and thou 6. Among the smooth stones &c.] Of the worship of fearest me not? That is, And therefore thou fearest rude stones consecrated, there are many testimonies of Me not ? Sinners take encouragement to continue in the ancients. They are called “smooth stones," as sin, from God's patience and long-suffering. See Ps. I. being made smooth by the lapse of the stream. Bp. I 21; Eccles. viii. 11. W. Lowth.
CHRIST about 698.
my be for thuast inhabite dwell in also C
people. thus saith itech eternitie |
God giveth evangelical
promises to the penitent. Before 12 I will declare thy righteousness, restore comforts unto him and to his Before about 698. and thy works; for they shall not mourners. profit thee.
19 I create the fruit of the lips;
21 . There is no peace, saith my .. Chap. 18. 6. Chap. 40. 3. 14 And shall say, · Cast ye up, God, to the wicked. cast ye up, prepare the way, take up
CHAP. LVIII. the stumblingblock out of the way of 1,
1 The prophet, being sent to reprove hypocrisy,
3 expresseth a counterfeit fast and a true. 15 For thus saith the high and
8 He declareth what promises are due unto lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, godliness, 13 and to the keeping of the sabwhose name is Holy; I dwell in the bath. high and holy place, with him also INRY taloud, spare not, lift up ^ Heb. with that is of a contrite and humble spirit, U thy voice like a trumpet, and to revive the spirit of the humble, and shew my people their transgression, to revive the heart of the contrite and the house of Jacob their sins. ones.
| 2 Yet they seek me daily, and 16 For I will not contend for ever, delight to know my ways, as a nation neither will I be always wroth: for that did righteousness, and forsook not the spirit should fail before me, and the ordinance of their God: they ask the souls which I have made. of me the ordinances of justice; they
17 For the iniquity of his covet- take delight in approaching to God. ousness was I wroth, and smote him: 3 | Wherefore have we fasted, say I hid me, and was wroth, and he went they, and thou seest not? wherefore
on + frowardly in the way of his have we afflicted our soul, and thou turning heart.
takest no knowledge ? Behold, in the 18 I have seen his ways, and will day of your fast ye find pleasure, and wherewith se heal him: I will lead him also, and exact all your || † labours.
1 Or, things
13. — but he that putteth his trust in me shall possess to them that are afar off; not only to the Jew, but also the land,] To shew the great goodness of God, it is to the Gentile, as St. Paul more than once applies those usual with the Prophets to pass from denunciations of terms, Eph. ii. 13, 17; see also Acts ii. 39. Bp. Louth. judgment to promises of mercy. The promise here 20. – the wicked are like the troubled sea, &c.] The made was fulfilled literally to the Jews, who returned wicked are represented here as full of uneasy and disfrom the Babylonish captivity ; but the spiritual and quieting thoughts; they have no real comfort of mind more important sense is the free grace of God, offering from the pleasures of this world, must necessarily want pardon and salvation to all that repent and believe in all effectual support under the many evils and calamities Christ. Wogan.
of life, and are troubled perpetually with the reproofs 15. — with him also that is of a contrite and humble of conscience, and unwelcome thoughts of death. Bp. spirit, &c.] It is humility which brings down“ the Pearce. The impenitent and wicked are excluded from high and lofty One, that inhabiteth eternity," to dwell all share in the peace mentioned ver. 19, that reconamongst us, and conduct us through our pilgrimage of cilement and pardon which is promised to the penitent life to the lot of our inheritance, to the mount of holi- only. The forty-eighth chapter ends with the same deness here, of joy and happiness hereafter. The cor-claration as this; “ There is no peace to the wicked." ruption of nature, and perverse habits of sin, are the Bp. Lowth. See the note there. “ stumbling blocks" (ver. 14.) in our way; if these be “ taken up," and removed by repentance toward God, Chap. LVIII. ver. 2. Yet they seek me daily,7 To and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, we shall “ possess “ seek” God is the same as to “ draw nigh" unto Him the land, and inherit His holy mountain ;" that is, be in His ordinances. W. Lowth. Isaiah is commanded to true members of His Church upon earth, and receive shew the Jews especially their hypocrisy in drawing nigh the inheritance in His kingdom of heaven, which was to God with their bodies only. Bp. Wilson. promised us in our baptism. Wogan.
3. — wherefore have we afflicted our soul,] By fasting 19. I create the fruit of the lips ;] The sacrifice of and humiliation: a phrase used particularly of the great praise, saith St. Paul, Heb. xiii. 15, " is the fruit of the day of expiation, Lev. xvi. 29 ; xxiii. 27. W. Lowth. lips.” God creates this fruit of the lips, by giving new See notes on the former of these places. subject and cause of thanksgiving by His mercies con - in the day of your fast ye find pleasure,] It apferred on those among His people, who acknowledge pears that, instead of producing the right effect of huand bewail their transgressions, and return to Him. mility and self denial, their fasting increased their pride, The great subject of thanksgiving is peace; reconci- and inflamed, rather than subdued, their irregular lusts liation and pardon offered to them that are nigh, and and passions. Wogan. Travellers inform us, that in the
The prophet expresseth
CHAP. LVIII. a counterfeit fast and a true. Beforer 4 Behold, ye fast for strife and and he shall say, Here I am. If Before about 698. debate, and to smite with the fist of thou take away from the midst of thee about 698.
ere wickedness : || ye shall not fast as ye the yoke, the putting forth of the finnot as this do this day, to make your voice to be ger, and speaking vanity; day. heard on high.
10 And if thou draw out thy soul a Zech. 7. 5. 5 Is it a such a fast that I have to the hungry, and satisfy the afflictb lev.16.29, chosen ? b || a day for a man to afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in his soul for a his soul? is it to bow down his head obscurity, and thy darkness be as the
as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth noon day:
in +drought, and make fat thy bones: Heb. 6 Is not this the fast that I have and thou shalt be like a watered gar- 4*
chosen? to loose the bands of wicked- den, and like a spring of water, whose Hleb. the, ness, to undo the heavy burdens, waters † fail not.
and to let the + oppressed go free, 12 And they that shall be of thee . and that ye break every yoke? shall build the old waste places : d Chap. 61.4 ¢ Ezek. 18.7. 7 Is it not to deal thy bread to thou shalt raise up the foundations of
the hungry, and that thou bring the many generations; and thou shalt be
8 9 Then shall thy light break sure on my holy day; and call the
righteousness shall go before thee; him, not doing thine own ways, nor + Heb. shall the glory of the LORD + shall be thy finding thine own pleasure, nor speakrereward.
| ing thine own words :
Eastern countries Jews and Turks, upon their stated fasts, That is, Thy low and afflicted condition shall be sudwill keep the day strictly enough; but as soon as the stars denly changed into an happy and glorious state : “and appear, they fall to their viands, and abandon themselves thine health shall spring forth speedily ;" thou shalt be to a mad kind of mirth the greatest part of the night. restored to thy former prosperity : “and thy righteousReading.
ness shall go before thee," like a harbinger to prepare - and exact all your labours.) Meaning, the hard- the way to honour and esteem, as well as to shine before est labours, and most servile works. Bp. Hall. The in- men for their example and the glory of God: "and the tention of God, in directing His people to religious fasts, glory of the Lord shall be thy rereward,” following thee was not barely for their affliction in chastisement for in all thy ways, and, as it were, bringing up the rear, their sins, but is principally intended for their amend- both to do thee honour, and to protect thee. "W. Lowth, Inent; noris the design of such a fast any way answered by Wogan. an outward humiliation, but by an inward reformation; / 9. — the putting forth of the finger, and speaking va. by the heart's being melted down, by true contrition and nity ;] The first expression alludes to some gesture they sincere sorrow for sin, into a right sense of religion ; used in conversation, whether of mocking or threatening: and softened to all the impressions of humanity, good or it may signify an attempt towards invading the right nature, and charity. See ver. 5—7. Dr. Delaney. of others. See chap. lix. 3 ; Ps. cxxv. 3. “Vanity"
4.- ye fast for strife and debate, &c.] Your fasts here means falsehood and deceit. W. Lowth, have the appearance of devotion : but their true design 10. — if thou draw out thy soul &c.] The force of this is only to promote parties and contentions, and to op- expression is, to satisfy the hungry with all readiness and press the innocent : such was the fast of Ahab, which benevolence, agreeably to that of the Apostle, “ God we read of i Kings xxi. 10. W. Lowth.
loveth a cheerful giver," 2 Cor. ix. 7; see also Rom. 5. – to spread sackcloth and ashes under him ?] For xii. 8. The Septuagint gives the sense more fully; “if his couch. Bp. Lowth.
thou give bread from thy soul.” Vitringa. A charit7. – hide not thyself from thine own flesh?] From thy able temper is commonly expressed by a large soul ; and kindred and countrymen. W, Lowth. See notes on the contrary disposition by a narrow one. W. Lowth. chap. ix. 20; xlix. 26. Or, from thy fellow men. All 13. If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from men are by the ordinance of God so incorporated toge- doing thy pleasure on my holy day; &c.] If thou abstain ther, that they are not only all “members of the same from following thy own ways and pleasure on the sabbody," i Cor. xii. 12, (of the same civil body, as they bath, which is dedicated to My service. It appears from are men, and of the same mystical body, as they are hence, that the precept of keeping the sabbath day holy Christians,) but even “members one of another," Rom. did not enjoin merely a bodily rest, but implied also setxii. 5; Ephes. iv. 25. Bp. Sanderson.
ting the day apart for the services of religion. See Jer. 8. Then shall thy light break forth as the morning,] | xvii. 21, &c. 'W. Lowth.
e Deut. 32. 13.
a Numb. 11. 23.
The damnable nature of sin.
Calamity is for sin. Before thee to e ride upon the high places of their thoughts are thoughts of ini- Before about 698. the earth, and feed thee with the quity; wasting and + destruction are about 698.
heritage of Jacob thy father: for the in their paths.
not; and there is no ll judgment in | Or, right. CHAP. LIX.
their goings: they have made them
crooked paths: whosoever goeth there-
to the us, neither doth justice overtake us:
we wait for light, but behold obscuEHOLD, the Lord's hand is / rity; for brightness, but we walk in
not a shortened, that it cannot darkness. chap. 30.2. save; neither his ear heavy, that it 10 We grope for the wall like the cannot hear :
blind, and we grope as if we had no 2 But your iniquities have sepa- eyes : we stumble at noon day as in
rated between you and your God, the night; we are in desolate places || Or, have and your sins || have hid his face from as dead men. im you, that he will not hear.
11 We roar all like bears, and Chap. 1.15. 3 For byour hands are defiled with mourn sore like doves: we look for
blood, and your fingers with iniquity; judgment, but there is none; for sal-
4 None calleth for justice, nor any tiplied before thee, and our sins tes
pleadeth for truth: they trust in tify against us: for our transgressions c. Job 15. 95. vanity, and speak lies; ¢ they con- are with us; and as for our iniquities,
ceive mischief, and bring forth ini- we know them;
13 In transgressing and lying || Or, adders'. * 5 They hatch || cockatrice' eggs, against the Lord, and departing
and weave the spider's web : he that away from our God, speaking opOr, that eateth of their eggs dieth, and || that pression and revolt, conceiving and sprinkled which is crushed breaketh out into a uttering from the heart words of viper.
act of violence is in their hands. 15 Yea, truth faileth; and he that e Prov; 1.16. 7 e Their feet run to evil, and they departeth from evil || maketh himself 1 Or, is
. make haste to shed innocent blood : a prey: and the Lord saw it, and mad.
is as if
Rom. 3. 15.
Chap. LIX. The last chapter more particularly re- question because He did not deliver them from their probated the hypocrisy of the Jews in pretending to enemies, as formerly. W. Lowth. make themselves accepted with God by fasting and out- 5. They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's ward humiliation without true repentance, while they web :] Figurative expressions: their villainous contricontinued to oppress the poor, and indulge their own vances are compared to a cockatrice's eggs, which are both passions and vices ; with great promises however of poison in themselves, and when hatched produce a veGod's favouron condition of their reformation. This chap- nomous serpent, and to a spider's web, both for the ter contains a more general reproof of their wickedness; artificial fineness of them, and for the purpose of en. bloodshed, violence, falsehood, injustice. At ver. 9, they snaring, for which they are intended. He goes on, ver. are introduced as making an ample confession of their 6, “ Their webs shall not become garments :" that is, sins, and deploring their wretched state in consequence though their contrivances are finely wrought, yet they of them. On this act of humiliation a promise is given are too thin and weak to be of any real advantage, and that God, in His mercy and zeal for His people, will res- their works can neither cover nor defend them. W. cue them from this miserable condition ; that the Lowth. And so do all the devices, which we applaud in Redeemer will come like a mighty hero to deliver them, ourselves and others as matters of great reach, and conver. 17 : He will destroy His enemies ; convert both trived with deep policy, resemble, agreeably to this comJews and Gentiles to Himself, and give them a new co parison of the Prophet, a spider's web; a thing of great venant, and a law, which shall never be abolished. Bp. curiosity to the eye, spun of a fine and subtile thread, and in Lowth.
exact proportion, but of no strength at all. Bp. Sanderson. Ver. 1, 2. Behold, the Lord's hand is not shortened, that 10. — in desolate places as dead men.] We are bait cannot save : &c.] This seems to be, as it were, an nished from the world, as the dead that have no longer answer to the cavils of the Jews, calling God's power in any portion in it. See Ps. xliv. 19. W. Lowth.