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Rom. 10. 16.
The humiliation of Christ, CHAP. LII, LIII.
and his sufferings. Beforen nations; the kings shall shut theired with grief: and || + we hid as it Before CHRIST
CHRIST about 712. mouths at him: for that h which had were our faces from him; he was de- about 712.
not been told them shall they see; spised, and we esteemed him not. h Rom, 15.
Or, he hid and that which they had not heard 4 Surely che hath borne our as it were his
face from us. shall they consider.
griefs, and carried our sorrows : yet + hleb. as a
hiding of we did esteem him stricken, smitten
suces from CHAP. LIII.
of God, and afflicted. i The prophet, complaining of incredulity, er- 5 But he was || d wounded for our c Matt. 8. 17. cuseth the scandal of the cross, 4 by the be- transgressions, he was bruised for our tormented.
| Or, nefit of his passion, 10 and the good success thereof. iniquities : the chastisement of our d Rom. 4. 25.
I Cor. 15.3.
peace was upon him; and with his a Jolan 12. 38. W H O a hath believed our || tre- ef stripes we are healed.
e 1 Pet.2. 24. V port? and to whom is the arm 6 All we like sheep have gone bruise. docirine. of the Lord revealed ?
astray; we have turned every one to 2 For he shall grow up before him his own way; and the LORD + hath + Heb. hath
made the as a tender plant, and as a root out of laid on him the iniquity of us all. iniquities of
143 all to meet a dry ground: he hath no form nor 7 He was oppressed, and he was in him. comeliness; and when we shall see afflicted, yet i he opened not his Matt. 26.63. him, there is no beauty that we should mouth : he is brought as a 6 lamb Mark 14.61.
& 15. 5. desire him.
to the slaughter, and as a sheep be- g Acts 8. 32. b. Chap. 52. b Chap. 52. 3 He is despised and rejected of fore her shearers is dumb, so he openNark 9. 12. men; a man of sorrows, and acquaint- eth not his mouth. lings by which the people were sanctified; compare family nearly extinct, like a tender plant springing unEzek. xxxvi. 25; Heb.ix. 13, 14; 1 Pet. i. 2. W. Lowth. noticed from its root hid in a barren and dry land, out
- kings shall shut their mouths at him : for that of which nothing eminent was expected. In the manwhich had not been told them shall they see ; &c.] Out ner of His appearance He had no form or comeliness, of respect or fear of Him Gentile kings shall keep none of the advantages of worldly grandeur, no ornasilence; and those kings and nations shall be instructed ments of state to set Him off; the usage He met with in such heavenly truths as human reason could never from the world was even more discouraging than His be able to discover; and they, to whom no Prophets poor and lowly appearance; He was despised, &c. ver. were sent, or promise made of a Saviour, shall con- / 3. Bp. Horne. sider and receive His doctrine. Bp. Chandler, W. 3. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorLouth.
rows, &c. Many prophecies relating to our Lord re
gard only particular actions and circumstances of His Chap. LIII. The following chapter is so full a de- life: but this points at no single calamity that befell scription of our blessed Saviour's sufferings, that it Him, but it is a general description of His condition looks more like a history than a prophecy; and might during His abode on earth. Bp. Sherlock. with more reason be suspected to be a copy drawn from
we hid as it were our faces from him ;] Out of His life, than not to be a description of it. But this aversion or contempt. W. Lowth. The margin reads, Scripture was in being long before our Lord was born, “ He hid His face from us :" mourners covered up the and was in the keeping of His enemies; of those who lower part of their face and their heads, 2 Sam. xv. 30; hated and despised Him, and at last put Him to a Ezek. xxiv. 17. Bps. Lowth and Chandler. shameful death; and were at once the preservers and 4. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our the fulfillers of the prophecy. Bp. Sherlock. It is cer- sorrows : 1 The sense of these words is what St. Peter tain that both ancient and modern Jews interpret it of expresses, “ Who His own self bare our sins in His the Messiah. Dean Allir. The writers of the New Tes- own body on the tree,” i Pet. ii. 24 ; and the Apostle tament apply it to Christ, and the patrons of infidelity to the Hebrews, “ Christ was once offered to bear the will in vain attempt to apply it to any other. Dr. Ber- sins of many,” Heb. ix. 28. St. Matthew's meaning, riman. It is so undeniable a proof of the truth of Chris- in the passage referred to in the margin, is, that Christ tianity, that the bare reading of it, and comparing it with healed diseases in such a manner, that even in that sense the Gospel history, has converted some unbelievers, and also the words of Isaiah were literally verified. Dr. S. brought them home to the faith and religion of Jesus Clarke. Surely the griefs He bare, and the sorrows He Christ. W. Lowth, Wogan.
carried, were not His own, but ours; yet we, not conVer. 1. Who hath believed our report? and to whom is sidering for whom He suffered, did esteem Him the the arm of the Lord revealed 7 Who of the Jews, when outcast of heaven and earth, stricken in judgment from Christ comes, shall believe this our report? even of them, above, smitten of God in His anger, and afflicted by before whom “the arm of the Lord,” the virtue and His heavy displeasure. Bp. Horne. power of God, is witnessed in His miracles? (so St. 5.- the chastisement of our peace By which our John understands the phrase, in the passage referred to peace was effected. Bp. Lowth. in the margin :) the cause of so great unbelief follows, 6.- hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.] Alluding ver. 2. Bp. Chandler. It was the poverty and humility to the custom, in making atonement, of laying hands in which He came to visit us, so contrary to their proud on the head of the sacrifice. Bp. Wilson. See this rite and carnal conceits, that induced them to reject the at once enjoined and interpreted, in the law of the scapeSaviour, whom they were all along taught by their own goat, Levit. xvi. 21, 22. Dean Stanhope. Scriptures to expect; for this being the season of His 7. – he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a humiliation for our sins, He grew up, as Isaiah here sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his describes Him, small and of no reputation, from all mouth. The liveliest portraiture of resigned innocence!
11 Or, He was
"of the livinge + was be in 12 Therefor the great,
The good success
of Christ's sufferings. T 8 || He was taken from prison and 11 He shall see of the travail of Before about 712. from judgment: and who shall declare his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his about 712.
his generation? for he was cut off out knowledge shall my righteous servant taken away of the land of the living : for the justify many; for he shall bear their and judge transgression of my people t was he iniquities.
12 Therefore will I divide him
wicked, and with the rich in his divide the spoil with the strong; be+ Heb.deaths. + death; because he had done no cause he hath poured out his soul h 1 Pet. 2. 22. violence, neither was any h deceit in unto death : and he was i numbered i Mark15.28. his mouth.
with the transgressors; and he bare 10 q Yet it pleased the Lord to the sin of many, and k made inter- k Luke 23.
bruise him; he hath put him to grief: cession for the transgressors..
1 The prophet, for the comfort of the Gentiles,
prophesieth the amplitude of their church, in his hand.
4 their safety, 6 their certain deliverance
1 John 3. 5.
Luke 22. 37.
his soul shall make an offering.
Bp. Horne. So meek and passive a behaviour must be sufferings have been the means of saving so many. the result of the most perfect resignation, and altogether W. Lowth. inconsistent with any measure of complaint or murmur- — by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify ing. This character accurately agrees only with the many ;] That is, Many shall be justified by the knowing blessed Jesus, who was not more a lamb for sacrifice, of Him; which is the same thing with believing in Him; than for innocence, meekness, patience, and resignation. to which our justification is always ascribed in the New Dr. Berriman, Bp. Chandler.
Testament. Bp. Beveridge. 8. He was taken from prison and from judgment :) We 12. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, do not read that imprisonment was any part of Christ's &c.] Therefore the multitudes of the nations are given sufferings : so the marginal reading is perhaps to be Him for His inheritance; and the strong and mighty preferred; or we may render, “by tyrannical oppres- kingdoms of the world, rescued from the tyranny of sion.” W. Lowth. “ By oppressive judgment." Bp. Satan, shall become His. Bp. Horne. For some render, Lowth.
“I will bestow many upon Him;" and, “He shall - who shall declare his generation ?7 The meaning divide the spoils of the strong.” W. Lowth. is, that He was condemned to death, although He was
he was numbered with the transgressors ;-and a Person of such high and unspeakable dignity, that made intercession for the transgressors. Our blessed neither men nor angels can declare the manner of His Saviour's dying between thieves is here intimated. Dean generation. Bp. Horne.
Allix. (See the passages referred to in the margin.) 9. — he made his grave with the wicked, and with the We find Him hanging upon the cross between two rich in his death ;] Some render, “His grave was ap- common robbers, groaning under the bitterest agonies
the rich.” W. Lowth. Our blessed Saviour's enemies sulted : but neither the pains of the cross, nor those designed Him the burial of a malefactor; yet it was pangs which drew from Him that complaint, “My God, brought to pass by the providence of God, that His | My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” nor all the dead body was buried with the rich,” in the rich man's malice and scorn of the crucifiers, could make Him a tomb; and His burial was done with care and cost by moment forget His love and tenderness towards them: persons of rank and quality. This fully appears from with His latest breath He pleads their cause, excuses the accounts of the Evangelists. Bp. Kidder.
| their weakness, and begs for their pardon; “ Father, 10. — his soul an offering for sin,] These words plainly forgive them, for they know not what they do.” Bp. refer to the Mosaick institutions, which among the Sherlock. several sacrifices prescribed have provided one sort, The prophecy contained between the thirteenth verse which is peculiarly styled an offering or sacrifice for sin, inclusive of the fifty-second chapter, and the conclusion Dr. Berriman. All other sin-offerings were only types of this, is perhaps the clearest and the strongest of all and shadows of Christ's; that which He offered, by the prophecies of the Old Testament. It is an advantage offering Himself, was the substance, the true and real which it possesses, that it is intermixed with no other sacrifice, which expiated the sins of the world ; indeed subject. “It is entire, separate, and uninterruptedly the chief end of all the sacrifices of the Jews was to directed to one scene of things. The application of it put them in mind of that which Christ was to offer for also to the evangelical history is plain and appropriate. them; and so to give them occasion to exercise their Here is no double sense: no figurative language, but faith, and put their confidence in Him for pardon and what is sufficiently intelligible to every reader of every salvation. Bp. Beveridge.
country. The obscurities, by which I mean the expres- he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, sions that require a knowledge of local diction, and of and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.] local allusion, are few, and not of great importance. By His voluntary oblation of Himself He shall obtain a Nor have I found that varieties of reading, or a different long race of disciples and subjects ; and the whole scheme construing of the original, produce any material alteraof Providence for the salvation of mankind shall be en- tion in the sense of the prophecy. Archdeacon Paley. tirely committed to His management. Bp. Chandler. Let us, by a frequent perusal of this wonderful chapter,
11. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be recollect our thoughts, and compose our spirits, and satisfied :] He shall rejoice to find that His death and soften our hearts, and mortify our passions, and fix our
Before CHRIST about 712.
CHRIST about 712.
ce of thy tent, from thee for a mowill I have mercy
The enlargement, safety,
and deliverance of the church. out of affliction, 11 their fair edification, | Israel; The God of the whole earth Before 15 and their sure preservation.
shall he be called.
Do not bear ; break forth into sing- as a woman forsaken and grieved in
will I gather thee.
sworn that I would not be wroth with
mercy on thee.
thy Redeemer the Holy One of I will lay thy stones with fair co- 29. 2.Ton.
affections on Him who loved us and for our sakes 5. --thy Maker is thine husband ;) Makers, Husbands. fasted, and mourned, and wept, and lived poor, and died Bp. Wilson. So it stands in the original; or, “Thy forsaken. Bp. Horne.
Makers have thee in marriage.” See notes at Gen. i. l;
Eccles, xii. 1. The mystery of the blessed Trinity is Chap. LIV. In the foregoing chapter, the Prophet intimated; and in this place the term is to be underdescribed the sufferings of Christ; here he prophesies stood of the Son in the communion of the Father and of the increase and glory of the Church, to commence Holy Spirit. Vitringa. from the time of Christ's passion, but not to be com 1 - the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole pleted till His second coming, and after the restoration earth shall he be called.] Jehovah is indeed the God of all of the Jews to God's favour. W. Lowth.
the nations of the earth ; the universal Father, whose Ver. 1. Sing, O barren, &c.] The Church of God tender mercies are over all His works : but to the Jews under the Old Testament, confined within the narrow for a time He was more peculiarly a God; inasmuch as hounds of the Jewish nation, and still more so in respect | He chose them to be the depositaries of the true religion, of true believers, and which sometimes seemed to be while the rest of mankind were sunk in the ignorance deserted of God her husband, is the barren woman that and abomination of idolatry. Bp. Horsley. The time, it did not bear, and was desolate; she is exhorted to re- is here said, is now coming, when He shall not be called joice, and express her joy in the strongest manner, on the God of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles. the reconciliation of her husband, (see ver. 6,) and on Compare Zech. xiv. 9; Rom. iii. 29. W. Lowth. the accession of the Gentiles to her family. See chap. 6. — when thou wast refused,] After thou hast been, xlix. 20, 21. Bp. Lowth.
as it were, cast off by Him for a time. Dr. Wells. 2. Enlarge the place of thy tent, &c.] The Prophet | 11.- behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, announces the conversion of the Gentiles, in words ad- &c.] This verse and the following may in a qualified dressed to the Jewish church, as the emblem of the sense be applied to the rebuilding of the city and temple Christian. The allusion here is to the tabernacle, and after the captivity, but most probably have a farther the image presented is an enlargement of the sacred meaning. They seem to contain general images to extent to contain new crowds of worshippers : the stakes press beauty, magnificence, purity, strength, and soliare to be driven deep and firm; the cords lengthened dity, agreeably to the ideas of the Eastern nations. See and tightened, that the sides of the tent may be able to | Tob. xii. 16, 17; and compare Rev. xxi. 18-21. W. support the pressure of the multitudes within it: see | Lowth, Bp. Lowth. Gen. ix. 27, where Noah foretells the admission of wor- The eleventh and twelfth verses may be thus parashippers of Japhet's stock into the tent of Shem : (Bp. phrased: 0 thou, my poor distressed Church, which Horsley :) and see chap. xxxiii. 20. W. Lowth.
now seest no cause of joy, or mitigation of thy sorrow, 4. – for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth,] comfort thou thyself with the expectation of what blessThat is, the bondage of Egypt; “thy widowhood,” the lings I have laid up for thee: for, how despised soever captivity of Babylon. Abp. Secker.
thou now seemest, I will exceedingly adorn and beautify
The sure preservation of the Gentiles. ISAIAH.
The prophet calleth ores lours, and lay thy foundations with | LORD, and their righteousness is of Belo about 712. sapphires.
me, saith the LORD.
calleth to faith, 6 and to repentance, 8 The
happy success of them that believe. e John 6. 43. e taught of the Lord; and great shall To, a every one that thirsteth, a John 7. 37.
be the peace of thy children. II come ye to the waters, and he
14 In righteousness shalt thou be that hath no money; come ye, buy,
2 Wherefore do ye tspend money + Heb. weigh.
ye that which is good, and let your
nant with you, even the bsure mercies b Acts 13. 31.
thee. And I will make the Evangelical Church far more cannot read them, if he has but ears to hear and a heart glorious than that which was under the law; there shall to learn, may be fully acquainted here with the whole nothing he wanting that may set forth the beauty and will of God, and obtain grace to deny all ungodliness majesty thereof. Bp. Hall.
and worldly lust, and to live soberly, righteously, and 13. And all thy children shall be taught of the Lord; godlily, in this present world. Reading. and great shall be the peace of thy children. This teach- - he that hath no money ;) No merits of his own. ing of God refers to the more plentiful instruction to be Bp. Wilson. Who is humbled under the conscience of communicated to men in the days of the Messiah, his own wants and unworthiness. Bp. Hall. whereby they were to be taught the will of God more 2. - for that which is not bread 7 Literally, “ for the fully and more plainly than in times past. This pre-no-bread.” Bp. Lowth. See note on chap. x, 15. For diction of the communication of a greater measure of such knowledge as will not profit you. All pretences Divine knowledge, and larger effusion of the Divine to religious knowledge, but such as proceed from God Spirit upon the members of God's Church, is to be Himself, are vain and useless; they can neither instruct found in several places of the Prophets. Bp. Bradford. men in the truth, nor lead them to happiness: the true The words of Isaiah here our blessed Saviour expressly knowledge of God and of happiness is afterwards deapplies to His followers; (see the passage referred to noted by “that which is good,” and “fatness.” W. in the margin.) With respect to the peace here pro- | Lowth. See note on chap. xxv. 6. mised, we know that the Governour of the world will 3. — even the sure mercies of David.] By these are make all things work together for the good of them meant those blessings for which Almighty God had that love Him; will direct us in all our doubts, comfort engaged His truth; and of the full attainment of which us in all our tribulations, supply all our wants, and in a David so often expresses his perfect confidence: parlittle time will finish all our labours, and receive us to ticularly that of an everlasting kingdom, to be continued everlasting rest. Dr. Woodward.
to his posterity; which, having manifestly failed in the
first and temporal sense, must have a second and more Chap. LV. ver. 1. Ho, every one that thirsteth, come sublime one belonging to it; such as imports a spiritual ye to the waters, &c.] The Prophet publishes the free and eternal kingdom : accordingly the Apostle, in the offers of grace by the Gospel : the metaphor used here passage referred to in the margin, observes, that the Christ Himself expounds to this sense, in the passage resurrection of Christ, with the peculiarity of returning from St. John referred to in the margin. W. Lowth. no more to corruption, was punctually foretold in these See notes on chap. xxxv. 6, 7; xliv. 3.
words of Isaiah. Dean Stanhope. It is one of “the sure mercies” of Christ, that the 4. Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, fountain of His salvation, the means of His grace, are Christ; the Revealer of My will in the most eminent open to all ranks of people. Poor as well as rich have manner. Dr. Wells. access to the publick ordinances of the Church: servants 1 - a leader] The word in the original is the same as well as masters have leisure once at least in seven that is applied to the Messiah by Daniel, chap. ix. 25, 20, days to attend upon them: and he who is so indigent and rendered by our translators “Prince." The author that he cannot purchase books, or so illiterate that he of the first book of Chronicles, chap. v. 2, uses the same
uu Wa JOY CHRIST
Chap, 35, 1.
to faith and repentance.
CHAP. LV, LVI. He exhorteth to sanctification. Before that thou knowest not, and nations 12 For ye shall go out with joy, Before about 712. that knew not thee shall run unto and be led forth with peace : the about 712.
thee because of the LORD thy God, mountains and the hills shall <break
the trees of the field shall clap their
up the fir tree, and instead of the
way, and † the unrighteous man his and it shall be to the Lord for a iniquity.
thoughts: and let him return unto name, for an everlasting sign that
the LORD, and he will have mercy shall not be cut off.
He promiseth it shall be general without re-
spect of persons. 9 He inveigheth against
my salvation is near to come, and my
11 So shall my word be that goeth 3 | Neither let the son of the
Behold, I am a dry tree.
term; and there is little doubt but he had an eye to the ness: or, as the Chaldee gives the moral sense of the same Person, whom he mentions as coming of the tribe emblem, (see note on chap. ix. 18,) “ Instead of the of Judah. Dr. Berriman.
wicked shall arise the just, and instead of sinners such 6. Seek ye the Lord while he may be found,] The com-as fear to sin.” Compare chap. xxxv. 1, 2; xli, 19. mand here is general, imposed not only upon the Jews | Bp. Lowth. See note on chap. li. 3. or the Gentiles, but upon all mankind. Bp. Beveridge. - and it shall be to the Lord for a name, &c.] This Here Christ invites us all to a sincere repentance, and change shall be to the everlasting praise of God, and for to accept of mercy while it is to be obtained. “ Now is a memorial of His never-failing goodness to the Church. the accepted time, now is the day of salvation.” Grace Bp. Hall. is freely offered to all; all are called upon to come. This is an act of infinite goodness; yet the words, Chap. LVI. ver. 1. Thus saith the Lord, Keep ye “while He may be found," and "while He is near,'' judgment, and do justice : &c.] True piety and honesty carry with them no small terrour, as plainly intimating are the terms indispensably required of every one, Jew to us, that there is a time when He shall not be found; as well as Gentile, to give him a claim to enjoy the hapa day when He shall not be near: “ when the wicked piness of the triumphant state of the Church on earth, shall call upon Him, but He will not answer; when or the eternal happiness of heaven. Dr. Wells. they shall seek Him early, but they shall not find Him," I 2. - that keepeth the sabbath] The sabbath was orProv. i. 28. Wogan. See note on chap. xlix. 8.
dained as a sign or token of God's covenant with His 8. For my thoughts are not your thoughts, &c.] My people : see Exod. xxxi. 13; Ezek. xx. 12. Accordingly purposes in revealing the Gospel carry in them such the observation of it was the distinguishing character marks of goodness and condescension in forgiving sins, of a Jew, as a worshipper of the true God, who created (see ver. 7,) and of truth and faithfulness in fulfilling heaven and earth, and instituted the sabbath, as a My promises, (see ver. 10, 11,) that they exceed the memorial of that creation. W. Lowth. "Tis frequent in measures of human proceedings, as far as heaven is highScripture, by one religious duty to denote the whole of above the earth. W. Lowth.
religion; and so the “ keeping of the sabbath” here 13. Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, &c.] may signify all duties relating to God; and, what folGeneral poetical images, expressing a great and happy lows, “ keeping his hand from doing any evil,” those change for the better. The wilderness turned into a that refer to our neighbour. Dr. Wells. paradise; the desert of the Gentiles watered with the 3. Neither let the son of the stranger, &c.] Two deheavenly snow and rain, which fail not to have their scriptions of persons are mentioned in this verse, due effect, and becoming fruitful in piety and righteous- strangers and eunuchs, who, looking to the economy of