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PSALMS.

of his pitiful case. down greatly; I go mourning all the / when my foot slippeth, they magnify

themselves against me. 7 For my loins are filled with a 17 For I am ready to halt, and 1 Heb. for loathsome disease : and there is no my sorrow is continually before me. soundness in my flesh.

18 For I will declare mine ini8 I am feeble and sore broken : Iquity ; I will be sorry for my sin. have roared by reason of the dis- 19 But mine enemies t are lively, † Heb. being quietness of my heart.

and they are strong: and they that strong. 9 LORD, all my desire is before hate me wrongfully are multiplied. thee; and my groaning is not hid from 20. They also that render evil for thee.

good are mine adversaries; because I 10 My heart panteth, my strength follow the thing that good is.

faileth me : as for the light of mine 21 Forsake me not, O LORD: 0 + Heb. is not eyes, it also + is gone from me. my God, be not far from me.

11 My lovers and my friends stand 22 Make haste + to help me, O + Heb, for + Heb. stroke. aloof from my tsore ; and || my kins- Lord my salvation. neighbours. men stand afar off.

12 They also that seek after my life PSALM XXXIX. lay snares for me : and they that seek

1 David's care of his thoughts. 4. The conmy hurt speak mischievous things, 1 sideration of the brevity and vanity of life. and imagine deceits all the day 7 The reverence of God's judgments, 10 long.

and prayer, are his bridles of impatiency. 13 But I, as a deaf man, heard To the chief Musician, even to a Je- a 1 Chron. not; and I was as a dumb man that

duthun, A Psalm of David. openeth not his mouth.

14 Thus I was as a man that hear-T SAID, I will take heed to my eth not, and in whose mouth are no 1 ways, that I sin not with my reproofs.

tongue: I will keep tmy mouth with a + Heb. a : flec do 15 For || in thee, O LORD, do I | bridle, while the wicked is before me. muzzle" for 1 Or, answer. hope: thou wilt || hear, O Lord my | 2 I was dumb with silence, I held my mouth. God.

my peace, even from good; and my
16 For I said, Hear me, lest other sorrow was t stirred.
wise they should rejoice over me: 3 My heart was hot within me,

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+ Heb. troubled.

9. - all my desire is before thee ;] That is, Thou know. under some great illness; he knew it due to his sins; est all my wants. Dr. Wells.

he was afraid therefore to speak in the presence of the 11. My lovers and my friends &c.] This passage is wicked, lest he might say any thing of which they might very similar to the words of Job xix. 13, and following take advantage : at last, however, he could hold no verses, in which he complains of being deserted by his longer, but burst forth into an acknowledgment of the friends and companions : many other parts of this Psalm weakness and vanity of man in the hands of God; conare also like the words and circumstances of Job. Ro- fessing that, whatever he might think heretofore, he senmüller.

has now no longer any expectation but from God, whom 13.- heard not ; &c.] The meaning is, that he took therefore he supplicates for mercy. Mudge. This Psalm no notice of their designs; only in a patient and humble is with the utmost propriety appointed by our Church silence commended himself to the care of God. Bp. Hall. to be used at the burial of the dead, as a funeral is

This Psalm offers to our consideration these three indeed the best comment upon it. Bp. Horne. things: 1. It represents to us the sentiments of a peni- - Jeduthun,] Jeduthun is mentioned as a singer in tent sinner, humbled under the load of his sins, and a 1 Chron. xxv. 3. This Psalm was perhaps composed sense of the Divine displeasure : these sentiments are by David to be sung by that Jeduthun. Street. expressed in this prayer; “O Lord, rebuke me not in Ver. 2. I was dumb &c.] I refrained from speaking Thy wrath: neither chasten me in Thy hot displeasure." what was good; from giving God the glory with re2. What is said in this Psalm is very proper for the lation to my illness, by acknowledging His greatness instruction and consolation of those who are afflicted and justice, and the nothingness and sinfulness of man. with pains and diseases, or in any other manner: David – This seems to shew that the reason why he would teaches them by his own example to look upon the evils not speak at all before his enemies was, because he did that befall them, how severe soever they be, as a just not care to give them an occasion of triumph, as he correction for their sins; and to ask God pardon for must by acknowledging his own weakness and sin: but them. 3. If they suffer by the malice and injustice of he could not bear this restraint; it grew worse and men, they should imitate David in his humility, patience, worse, and therefore he burst out, &c. Mudge. There and meekness; and wait with resignation till God, who is a time to keep silence, because there are men who never forsakes the innocent, is pleased to deliver them. will not hear; there are tempers savage and sensual as Ostertald.

those of swine, before whom the treasures of heavenly

wisdom are not to be cast. This consideration stirreth Psalm XXXIX. The foundation of this Psalm is up fresh grief and trouble in a pious and charitable much the same with the foregoing : the author laboured 'heart. Bo. Horne.

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The brevity and vanity of life.

PSALMS. The benefit of confidence in God. while I was musing the fire burned: 12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, then spake I with my tongue, and give ear unto my cry; hold not

4 LORD, make me to know mine thy peace at my tears : <for I am a c Lev. 25.

end, and the measure of my days, stranger with thee, and a sojourner, 1 Chron. 29. | Or, what what it is; that I may know || how | as all my fathers were.

Ps. 119. 19. frail I am.

13 O spare me, that I may recover Hebr. 11. 13. 5 Behold, thou hast made my strength, before I go hence, and be days as an handbreadth; and mine no more. age is as nothing before thee : verily every man + at his best state is al

PSALM XL. b Ps. 62. 9. together vanity. Selab.

1 The benefit of confidence in God. 6 Obe6 Surely every man walketh in

dience is the best sacrifice. 11 The sense

of David's evils inflameth his prayer.
ta vain shew: surely they are dis-
quieted in vain: he heapeth up riches,

I To the chief Musician, A Psalm of
and knoweth not who shall gather

David. them.

* T WAITED patiently for the + Heb. In 7 And now, LORD, what wait I I LORD; and he inclined unto waited. for? my hope is in thee.

| me, and heard my cry. 8 Deliver me from all my trans- 2 He brought me up also out of gressions : make me not the reproach fan horrible pit, out of the miry clay, +Heb. a pit

3 of noise. of the foolish.

and set my feet upon a rock, and
9 I was dumb, I opened not my established my goings.
mouth; because thou didst it.

3 And he hath put a new song in
10 Remove thy stroke away from my mouth, even praise unto our God:
me: I am consumed by the + blow of many shall see it, and fear, and shall
thine hand.

trust in the LORD.
11 When thou with rebukes dost 4 Blessed is that man that maketh

correct man for iniquity, thou mak- the Lord his trust, and respecteth
Webthatest + his beauty to consume away like not the proud, nor such as turn aside
desired in a moth : surely every man is vanity. to lies.
' Selah.

5 Many, O LORD my God, are

waiting I

+ Heb. conflict.

him, to melt away.

4. Lord, make me to know &c.] Teach me, O Lord, courage and honour; will suffer with a composed and to consider my end, and what is the measure of my even temper ; will thus give testimony to the efficacy days, that I may be sensible how short my life is. of religion, and vindicate the dispensations of ProviGreen.

dence to mankind. Abp. Secker. 5. — mine age is as nothing before thee :] That is, my age is as nothing in Thy sight; or, when compared with Psalm XL. In this Psalm David thankfully acknowThy duration, Green, Merrick.

ledges God's goodness to him, in delivering him froin 6. — in vain :] In the pursuit of transitory things. some special and imminent danger. He then declares Bp. Wilson.

his resolution to serve God faithfully and cheerfully, 7. what wait I for?] What can I depend on for by fulfilling His will to the utmost of his power and by happiness? Bp. Wilson."

| teaching it to others. He commends himself to God's my hope is in thee.] I will not impatiently de merciful Providence, beseeching him to finish what He sire any thing in this world: but my hope is in 'Í'hee, had begun, by continuing to be his deliverer. The ciras the only true and lasting good. Dr. Wells.

cumstance of three verses of this Psalm being quoted 8. the reproach of the foolish.] That is, a matter in the tenth chapter of St. Paul's Epistle to the Heof scorn and insult to the sneerer and atheist, who is brews, proves that they are a direct prophecy of Jesus the fool described by the Psalmist; and who is indeed Christ, who only could fulfil the will of God completely, eminently so above all others. Mudge.

and who came into the world for that very end; as well 11.- thou makest his beauty to consume away &c.] as to declare His righteousness to the great congregaSee the note on Job iv. 19.

tion of the whole world. This application of the Psalm Such as have formed themselves to feel the impres- makes it highly suitable to Good Friday. Travell. sions of resignation are in proportion superiour to all Ver. 2. He brought me up &c.] David means, that difficulties. Their spirits are calm; and, instead of God delivered him, when he was fallen into such deep plunging into deeper distresses and even guilt, as the distress, that he was quite unable to help himself. Bp. impatient do, they find their way, if any one can be Patrick. found, out of every perplexity. By excluding eager 3. - shall see it,] Shall see this great deliverance. hopes and high desires of earthly good, this pious prin- | Dr. Wells. ciple excludes also jealous envy, keen resentment, tor- 4. — respecteth not the proud, &c.] The proud and menting fears, bitter disappointments, and final dislike those who incline to lies are, on one side, the haughty of every thing. He that gives himself up into the daring atheists, who laugh at all application to any hands of God, with unfeigned approbation of the Divine power above; and on the other, those who put their conduct in whatever may befall him, will act as he ought confidence in idol superstitions, which are all lie and on all emergencies, with uprightness and alacrity, with 1 deceit. Mudge.

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+ Heb. in the side of my besels.

Obedience is the best sacrifice.

PSALMS.

God's care of the poor. thy wonderful works which thou hast | liver me: O Lord, make haste to

done, and thy thoughts which are to help me. Or, noneus-ward : || they cannot be reckoned 14 • Let them be ashamed and b Ps. 35. 4. &

up in order unto thee: if I would confounded together that seek after
declare and speak of them, they are my soul to destroy it; let them be
more than can be numbered

driven backward and put to shame
a Ps. 51, 16. 6 a Sacrifice and offering thou didst that wish me evil.
66.3. . not desire; mine ears hast thou | 15 Let them be desolate for a
Hebr. 10.5. fopened: burnt offering and sin of- reward of their shame that say unto
· fering hast thou not required. me, Aha, aha.

7 Then said I, Lo, I come : in the 16 Let all those that seek thee re-
volume of the book it is written of joice and be glad in thee: let such as

love thy salvation say continually,
8 I delight to do thy will, O my | The Lord be magnified.
ke God: yea, thy law is f within my 17 But I am poor and needy ; yet
heart.

the Lord thinketh upon me: thou
9 I have preached righteousness art my help and my deliverer ; make
in the great congregation : lo, I have no tarrying, O my God.
not refrained my lips, O Lord, thou
knowest.

PSALM XLI.
10 I have not hid thy righteous- | 1 God's care of the poor. 4 David complain-
ness within my heart; I have declared eth of his enemies' treachery. 10 He fleeth
thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I

I to God for succour.
have not concealed thy lovingkind-/ To the chief Musician, A Psalm of
ness and thy truth from the great

David.
congregation.

IDLESSED is he that consider11 Withhold not thou thy tender |D eth || the poor: the Lord will ! or, the mercies from me, O LORD: let thy deliver him tin time of trouble. Heb. in the lovingkindness and thy truth con- 2 The Lord will preserve him, day tinually preserve me.

and keep him alive ; and he shall be 12 For innumerable evils have blessed upon the earth: and I thou Or, do not compassed me about: mine iniquities wilt not deliver him unto the will of have taken hold upon me, so that I his enemies. am not able to look up; they are more 3 The Lord will strengthen him than the hairs of mine head : there- upon the bed of languishing: thou fore my heart + faileth me.

wilt + make all his bed in his sick- + Heb. turn. 13 Be pleased, 0 LORD, to de- ness.

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thou deliver.

Heb. fernakell.

6.- mine ears hast thou opened :) This phrase seems leaves bound together; but were, as the copies of to signify, the fitting and disposing the ear to hear God's the Pentateuch used in the Jewish synagogue still will. It is remarkable, that the Greek version, as well | are, long scrolls of parchment, rolled upon two sticks, as the quotation from it in Heb. x. 5, instead of the with the writing distinguished into columns. Parkphrase, * Mine ears hast Thou opened,” reads, “A | hurst. body hast Thou prepared Me:" intimating the great 9. I have preached &c.] I have proclaimed Thy mercy superiority of Christ's death to the sacrifices of the law. and goodness to me before Thy people, in their full

assemblies. Bp. Patrick. - burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not re 12. — mine iniquities] He means the evils which his quired.] That is, considered independent of that holi- iniquities had brought upon him. Bp. Hall. By this ness of life, without which sacrifice never could have expression, as relating to Christ, is meant, the iniquities been acceptable to a holy and righteous God. Dr. / of mankind which He had taken upon Himself. Bp. Magee.

Wilson. 7.- Lo, I come : &c.] Lo, I come to make an offering The Church, like her Redeemer, is often poor and of myself by a sincere obedience unto Thee; as Christ afflicted in this world, but Jehovah thinketh upon her, will also actually do, by offering up His body to be a and is solicitous for her support; she is weak and desacrifice for the sins of the world : In the volume of fenceless, but Jehovah is her help and her deliverer. the book of the law it is thus written, or required of all with such a Father, and such a friend, poverty betruly religious persons, particularly of kings, and so of cometh rich, and weakness itself strong. In the mean me in both respects, to be careful to offer a due obe- time, let us remember, that He who once came in great dience to Thy will, as well as to legal sacrifices. Dr. humility, shall come again in glorious majesty. “Make

no long tarrying, ( our God.” Bp. Horne. .-in the volume] Or “roll,” of the book. See Jer. Xxxvi. 2, &c. It is well known that the ancient Psalm XLI. It is not improbable that this Psalm Jewish books did not, like ours, consist of distinct was written by David after his sickness, when Absalom

Wells.

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David fleeth to God for succour.

PSALMS. His zeal to serve God in the temple.
4 I said, Lord, be merciful unto | Israel from everlasting, and to ever-
me : heal my soul; for I have sinned lasting. Amen, and Amen.
against thee.
5 Mine enemies speak evil of me,

PSALM XLII.
When shall he die, and his name / 1 David's zeal to serve God in the temple.
perish ?

| 5 He encourageth his soul to trust in God.
6 And if he come to see me, he | To the chief Musician, || Maschil, ... 023.
speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth for the sons of Korah. Psalm giving
iniquity to itself; when he goeth AS the hart + panteth after the the sons, &c.
abroad, he telleth it.

A water brooks, so panteth my brayeth. 7 All that hate me whisper toge- soul after thee, O God.

ther against me: against me do they 2 My soul thirsteth for God, for + Heb. evil devise t my hurt.

the living God: when shall I come + Heb. A 8 + An evil disease, say they, and appear before God?

cleaveth fast unto him: and now that 3 a My tears have been my meat a Ps. 80. 5.

he lieth he shall rise up no more. day and night, while they continually a John 13. 18. 9 a Yea, + mine own familiar friend, say unto me, Where is thy God? the man of my in whom I trusted, which did eat of 4 When I remember these things, Heb. my bread, hath + lifted up his heel I pour out my soul in me: for I had against me.

gone with the multitude, I went with 10 But thou, O LORD, be merci-them to the house of God, with the ful unto me, and raise me up, that I voice of joy and praise, with a multimay requite them."

tude that kept holy day. il By this I know that thou fa- ! 5 Why art thou t cast down, O + Heb. bowed vourest me, because mine enemy doth my soul ? and why att thou disquietnot triumph over me.

ed in me? hope thou in God : for I 12 And as for me, thou upholdest shall yet || praise him |for the help ! Or, give me in mine integrity, and settest me of his countenance. before thy face for ever.

16 O my God, my soul is cast down leation. 13 Blessed be the Lord God of within me: therefore will I remem

thing of Belial.

and now that day and night Where is thy Gothings

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conspired against him. Dr. Delaney. Our Saviour consciences, of others, shall have the bed of pain made Himself has taught us to apply the ninth verse to the easy unto them, by the hand of their heavenly Father. traitor Judas. See John xiü. i8. Travell.

| Bp. Horne. The end of the first Book of Psalms. Ver. 4.- heal my soul ;) Forgive my sins, and restore me to health. Dr. Wells.

Psalm XLII. This Psalm was most probably com6. And if he come &c.] If one of them cometh to see posed by David, when he was driven by Absalom from me, he telleth lies ; his heart gathereth up falsehood Jerusalem. Dr. Wells. The author of this elegant against me, and when he goeth forth he immediately complaint, exiled from the temple, and from the pubspreadeth it. “He telleth lies," that is, his very com- lick exercise of his religion, to the extreme parts of pliments of condolence are falsehood and lies. Green. Judea, persecuted by his numerous enemies, and agi

8. An evil disease, &c.] That is, the punishment tated by their reproaches, pours forth his soul to God of some great crime hath so entirely seized upon in this tender and pathetick composition. The ardent him, that he shall not be able to escape from it. Rosen- | feelings of a devout heart are admirably expressed, while müller.

the memory of former felicity seems to aggravate his pre9. Yea, mine own familiar friend, &c.] He means sent anguish. The extreme anxiety of a mind, depressed either Ahithophel, or some other perfidious counsellor by the burden of sorrow, and yet at the same time imor courtier, who was a type of Judas, as David was a patient under it; overcome by an accumulation of evils, type of Christ, in being thus betrayed. Poole. 1 yet in some degree endeavouring to resist them, and

hath lifted up his heel against me. Has shewn admitting, through the dark cloud of affliction, a glimgreat treachery towards me. Edwards. The figure is mering ray of hope and consolation, is finely depicted. taken from wrestlers who endeavour to supplant each Bp. Lowth. other with their feet. Rosenmüller.

the sons of Korah.] These were probably an 12. - settest me before thy face] Raisest me up again eminent order of singers in the house of God. See 1 to the enjoyment of Thy presence. Mudge.

Chron. ix. 19, and xxvi. 1. Poole. 13. Blessed be the Lord God &c.] These words seem Ver. 3. My tears have been my meat day and night, to be added at the end of this book of Psalms by the He means that his grief at his forced absence from God's collector of it. Green. See the Introduction.

house was so great, that he was obliged to vent it by We learn from the third verse of this Psalm, that tears continually. Dr. Wells. though an exemption from sorrow and sickness is not 4. When I remember &c.? I pour out my soul within promised to the children of God, yet strength and com- me while I call to mind these things; how I went to fort are given unto them from above, to support and the tabernacle, walking in solemn pace to the house of carry them through their trials; and they who, in the God, amidst the multitude keeping holiday, with the days of their health, have by their alms given rest to voice of praise and thanksgiving. Green. the bodies, or by their counsels restored peace to the l 5.- for I shall yet praise him &c.] This passage

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a man of deceit and

He encourageth his soul
PSALMS.

to trust in God. ber thee from the land of Jordan, 1 TUDGE me, O God, and plead 1023. and of the Hermonites, from || the hill my cause against an || ungodly ! Or, Mizar.

nation: O deliver me + from the de- † Heb. from
7 Deep calleth unto deep at the ceitful and unjust man.
noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves 2 For thou art the God of my iniquity.
and thy billows are gone over me. strength : why dost thou cast me off?

8 Yet the Lord will command his why go I mourning because of the
lovingkindness in the daytime, and oppression of the enemy?
in the night his song shall be with 3 0 send out thy light and thy
me, and my prayer unto the God of truth : let them lead me; let them
my life.

bring me unto thy holy hill, and to
9 I will say unto God my rock, thy tabernacles.
Why hast thou forgotten me? why 4 Then will I go unto the altar of
go I mourning because of the oppres- | God, unto God t my exceeding joy : + Heb. the
sion of the enemy?

yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, my joy. | Or, killing. 10 As with a || sword in my bones, O God my God.

mine enemies reproach me; while 5 * Why art thou cast down, O my a. Ps. 12. 5,
they say daily unto me, Where is thy soul ? and why art thou disquieted "
God ?

within me? hope in God : for I shall
11 Why art thou cast down, O yet praise him, who is the health of
my soul? and why art thou disquieted my countenance, and my God.
within me? hope thou in God: for
I shall yet praise him, who is the

PSALM XLIV.
health of my countenance, and my 1 The church, in memory of former favours,
God.

7 complaineth of their present evils. 17
PSALM XLIII.

Professing her integrity, 24 she fervently

prayeth for succour.
i David, praying to be restored to the temple,
promiseth to serve God joyfully. 5 He en-

:
I 10 the

To the chief Musician for the sons
courageth his soul to trust in God.

of Korah, Maschil.

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should be read as it is in the last verse of this and of Psalm XLIII. This Psalm, in all probability, was the next Psalm. Bps. Hare and Lowth.

composed by the same author as the former, and upon 6.- from the hill Mizar.] The word “ Mizar” signi- the same occasion. Bp. Patrick Nothing can be imafies little. It might be the name of some hill beyond gined more natural to a man of David's character, and Jordan, or possibly some little hill now in view. The under the circumstances in which he was placed, than general sense of the verse is, “I will remember Thee, that solemn appeal to the Divine justice, against a vile whatever dangers surround me, and whithersoever I am son, and a wicked people, with which this Psalm begins; driven." Archdeacon Randolph.

or the earnest supplication for relief and restoration 7. Deep calleth unto deep] That is, one calamity in which follows it ; or that lively expression of hope, and vites and brings on another. Rosenmüller.

confidence in the Divine protection, which concludes it. There is no metaphor more frequent in the sacred Dr. Delaney. More than thirty manuscripts confirm the poems, than that by which sudden and great calamities opinion of Bp. Lowth, that this and the preceding are one are expressed under the figure of a deluge of waters. Psalm. Street. This metaphor seems to have been remarkably familiar Ver. 3. O send out &c.] In other words, O let Thy to the Hebrews, as if directly taken from the nature gracious favour, and the truth of Thy promises, be my and state of their country, which was subject to sud- sure guide to conduct me to Thy holy mountain, where den and heavy floods. Bp. Lowth.

Thou hast fixed Thy dwellingplace. Bp. Patrick, Tra10. As with a sword &c.] The reproaches of my ene- vell. mies are as cutting as a sword. Bp. Patrick.

We learn from this Psalm, that if the Prophet begged 11.- the health of my countenance,] The restorer of of God to deliver him from the malice of his enemies, it my drooping spirits. Bp. Wilson.

was chiefly with a view to return to the tabernacle, that In the first verse of this Psalm, the thirst, which the he might praise God, and express his joy, love, and gra" hart" experienceth, when chased in sultry weather over titude. And the complaints and sighs which he uttered, the dusty plains, is set before us as a representation of because he could not come into the house of God, should that ardent desire after the waters of eternal comfort, engage those who have the liberty to serve God in reliwhich the temptations, the cares, and the troubles of gious assemblies, gladly to improve so inestimable a the world, produce in the believing soul. Bp. Horne. blessing. Ostervald.

By due reverence and affection to God's worship, and to His church, we bring ourselves by degrees to that Psalm XLIV. This Psalm appears to have been comtrue and entire love of God Himself, to which so many posed at a time when the Jewish state suffered grievously pretend, and so few attain; to that high value and esti- from their enemies, and many were carried into captimation of Him and of His presence, that we really con-vity; though the state itself still subsisted, and the public teron and despise all the pleasure and profit of this worship of God was maintained. It is not unlikely that world, and the world itself, for interposing and obstruct- | Hezekiah was the author of it; and that perhaps, soon ing our immediate resort to His heavenly mansion. after the blasphemous message of Rabshakeh, 2 Kings Lord Clarendon.

| xviii, 13, &c. Mudge.

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