Изображения страниц

Beauty strikes fancy blind ; pied show de-, Come, goddess, come ; 22 the double faceives us,

ther'd son, Sweet banquets tempt our healths, when Shall dare no more amongst thy train to run, temper leaves us,

Nor with polluted hands to touch thy veil: Inchastity is ever prostitute,

His death was darted from the scorpion's Whose trees we loathe, when we have tail, pluck'd their fruit.

For which her form to endless memory,

With other lamps, doth lend the heavens Hither this panther fled, now turn'd a

an eye, boar,

And he that show'd such great presumption, More huge than that th' Ætolians plagued Is hidden now, beneath a little stone.

SO sore, And led the chase through noblest man- If 23 proud Alpheus offer force again, sions,

Because he could not once thy love obtain, Gardens and groves, exempt from paragons, Thou and thy nymphs shall stop his mouth In all things ruinous, and slaughtersome, with mire, As was that scourge to the Ætolian king. And mock the fondling, for his mad aspire. dom:

Thy glorious temple, 24great Lucifera, After as if a whirlwind drave them on, That was the study of all Asia, Full cry, and close, as if they all were one Two hundred twenty summers to erect, The hounds pursue, and fright the earth Built by Chersiphrone thy architect, with sound,

In which two hundred twenty columns Making her tremble; as when winds are stood, bound

Built by two hundred twenty kings of blood, In her cold bosom, fighting for event: Of curious beauty, and admired height, With whose fierce ague all the world is rent. Pictures and statues, of as praiseful sleight,

Convenient for so chaste a goddess' fane But Day's arm (tired to hold her torch (Burnt by Herostratus), shall now again to them)

Be re-exstruct, and this Ephesia be Now let it fall within the Ocean stream, Thy country's happy name, come here with The goddess blew retreat, and with her thee, blast,

As it was there so shall it now be framed, Her morn's creation did like vapours waste: And thy fair virgin-chamber ever named. The winds made wing into the upper light, And as in reconstruction of it there, And blew abroad the sparkles of the night. There ladies did no more their jewels wear, Then (swift as thought) the bright Titanides, But frankly contribute them all to raise Guide and great sovereign of the marble A work of such a chaste religious praise : seas,

So will our ladies; for in them it lies, With milk-white heifers, mounts into her To spare so much as would that work sphere,

suffice. And leaves us miserable creatures here. Our dames well set their jewels in their

minds, Thus nights, fair days, thus griefs do Insight illustrates; outward bravery blinds, joys supplant :

The mind hath in herself a deity, Thus glories graven in steel and adamant And in the stretching circle of her eye Never supposed to waste, but grow by All things are compass'd, all things present wasting

still, (Like snow in rivers fall'n), consume by Will framed to power, doth make us what

lasting. then thou great welixir of treasures, But keep your jewels, make ye braver yet, From whom we multiply our world Elysian ladies; and (in riches set, pleasures,

Upon your foreheads) let us see your hearts; Descend again, ah, never leave the earth, Build Cynthia's temple in your virtuous

as thy plenteous humours gave us parts, birth,

Let every jewel be a virtue's glass : So let them drown the world in night and And no Herostratus shall ever rase death

Those holy monuments : but pillars stand, Before this air, leave breaking with thy Where every Grace and Muse shall hang breath.

her garland.

we will.

But 21




The mind in that we like, rules every limb, Thou never any hadst, but didst affect, Gives hands to bodies, makes them make Endyinion for his studious intellect. them trim ;

Thy soul-chaste kisses were for virtue's Why then in that the body doth dislike, sake, Should not 25his sword as great a veney And since his eyes were evermore awake, strike?

To search for knowledge of thy excellence, The bit and spur that monarch ruleth still, And all astrology: no negligence To further good things and to curb the ill, Or female softness fed his learned trance, He is the Ganymede, the bird of Jove, Nor was thy veil once touch'd with dalRapt to her sovereign's bosom for his love,

liance. His beauty was it, not the body's pride, Wişe poets feign thy godhead properly That made him great Aquarius stellified. The thresholds of men's doors did fortify, And that mind most is beautiful and high, And therefore built they thankful altars And nearest comes to a Divinity,

there, That furtherest is from spot of Earth's de- Serving thy power in most religious fear. light,

Dear precedent for us to imitate, Pleasures that lose their substance with Whose doors thou guard'st against imtheir sight,

perious fate, Such one, Saturnius ravisheth to love, Keeping our peaceful households safe from And fills the cup of all content to Jove.


And free'st our ships when others suffer If wisdom be the mind's true beauty then,

wrack. And that such beauty shines in virtuous Thy 27 virgin chamber then that sacred is, men,

No more let hold an idle Salmacis, If those sweet Ganymedes shall only find, Nor let more sleights Cydippe injury : t *

* Nor let black Jove, possess'd in Sicily, Love of Olympus, are those wizards wise, Ravish more maids, but maids subdue his That nought but gold, and his dejections might, prize?

With well-steel'd lances of thy watchful This beauty hath a fire upon her brow,

sight. That dims the sun of base desires in you, And as the cloudy bosom of the tree, 28Then in thy clear and icy pentacle, Whose branches will not let the summer see Now execute a magic miracle : His solemn shadows; but do entertain Slip every sort of poison'd herbs and Eternal winter : so thy sacred train,

plants, Thrice mighty Cynthia, should be frozen And bring thy rabid mastiffs to these dead,

haunts. To all the lawless flames of Cupid's god- Look with thy fierce aspect, be terrorhead.

strong, To this end let thy beams' divinities Assume thy wondrous shape of half a For ever shine upon their sparkling eyes, furlong : And be as quench to those pestiferent fires, Put on thy feet of serpents, viperous hairs, That through their eyes impoison their and act the fearfull'st part of thy affairs : desires.

Convert the violent courses of thy floods, Thou never yet wouldst stoop to base as- Remove whole fields of corn, and hugest sault,

woods, Therefore those poets did most highly fault, Cast hills into the sea, and make the stars That feign'd thee 2fifty children by Endy- Drop out of heaven, and lose thy mariners. mion,

So shall the wonders of thy power be And they that write thou hadst but three seen, alone,

And thou for ever live the planets' queen.

Explicit Hymnus. + It appears that a line has slipped out here. ED.

Omnis ut umbra.


? He gives her that periphrasis--viz., Nature's / she could not obtain his love, she tears from her þright eyesight, because that by her store of head a serpent, and threw it at him, which humours issue is given to all birth : and thereof is stinging him to death, the gods in pity turned she called Lucina, and Illythia, quia præest par- him to a hill of that name first called Asterius, turientibus cum invocaretur, and gives them full of woods, where in all poets have affirmed wild help: which Orpheus in a Hymn of her praise beasts live, and use it often to express their expresseth and calls her besides Prothyrea, ut haunts, or store of woods, whereupon he invokes sequitur :

Cynthia to rise in such brightness, as if it were

all on fire. Κλυθι μοι, ώ πολύσεμνε θεα, &c.

8 This is expounded as followeth by Gyraldus Audi me veneranda Dea, cui nomina multa :

Lilius. The application most fitly made by this Prægnantum adjutrix, parientum dulce leva

author. men,

9 Harpe should be written thus, not with a y, Sola puellarum servatrix, solaque prudens : Auxilium velox teneris Prothyræa puellis.

yet here he useth it, lest some not knowing what it means, read it for a harp, having found this

It was the sword And a little after, he shows her plainly to be grossness in some scholars.

of Perseus used to cut off Medusa's head. Diana, Ilythia, and Prothyræa, in these verses :

20 Fortune is called Tyche, as witnesseth PauSolam animi requiem te clamant parturientes. sanias in Messeniacis, who affirms her to be one Sola potes diros partus placare labores of the daughters likewise of Oceanus, which was Diana, Ilythia gravis, sumus et Prothyræa. playing with Proserpine when Dis ravished her.

He calls her the soul of the Night, since she Una omnes vario per prata comantia flore, is the purest part of her according to common Candida Leucippe, Phænoque, Electraque conceit.

Ianthe. 3 Orpheus in these verses of Arzonauticis, Melobosisque Tyche, Ocyrhoe præsignis saith she is thrice-headed, as she is Hecate, ocellis. Luna, and Diana, ut sequitur.

And Orpheus in a hymn to Fortuna, saith she Cumque illis Hecate properans horrenda cu- is the daughter of blood, ut in his, sanguine currit

prognatam, Vi et inexpugnabile numen. Cui trinum caput est, genuit quam Tartarus 11 Plutarch writes thus of the Romans and olim.

Niacedons in Paulus Æmilius.

12 These are commonly known to be the proThe rest above will not be denied.

perties of Cynthia. 4 That she is called the power of fate, read 13 This Zone is said to be the girdle of Hesiodus in Theogonia when he gives her more Cynthia. And therefore when maids lost their than this commendation in these verses :

maidenheads, ainongst the Athenians, they used Jupiter ingentes illi largitur honores,

to put off their girdles. And after custom made Muneraque imperium terræque marisque pro- it a phrase zonam solvere, to lose their maidenfundi :

heads, ut Apolo. lib. I. Cunctorumque simul, quæ coelum amplectitur Prima soluta wihi, est, postremaque zona altum,

quid ipsa Admittitque preces facilis Dea, prompta, be- Invidit multos natos Lucinæ misella. nigna :

14 These are the verses of Callimachus transDivitias præbet, quid ei concessa potestas, lated to effect :Imperat hæc cunctis, qui sunt è semine nati: Et Terræ et Coeli, cunctorum fata gubernat.

O miseri, quibus ipsa gravem tu concipis

iram, &c. 3 In Latmos she is supposed to sleep with

15 This Strabo testifieth Libro duodecimo. Endymion, ut Catullus :

16 Pegasus is called Gorgoneus; since poets Ut triviam furtim sub Latmia saxa relegans, feign that when Perseus smote off Medusa's Dulcis amor Gyro devocet Aerio.

head, Pegasus flew from the wound : and 6 Homer, with a marvellous poetical sweetness, therefore the Muses' fount which he made with saith she washes her before she apparels

herself his hoof, is called Gorgon. in the Atlantic Sea. And then shows her

17 Ortygia is the country where she was

apparel, as in these verses in Oceano Lavacri.

brought up.

18. These are the verses of Hesiodus before. Rursus Atlanteis, in lymphis membra ļavata,

19 The Wall is a most excellent river in the Vestibus induta, et nitidis Dea Luna mi- | Low Countries, parting with another river called cantes :

the Maze, near a town in Holland called Curru junxit equos celeres, quibus ardua colla. Gurckham, and runs up to Guelderland, under

the walls of Nimiguen. And these like similes, ? Cytheron, as Menander saith, was a most in my opinion, drawn from the honourable fair boy, and beloved of Tisiphone, who, since I deeds of our noble countrymen, clad in comely VOL. II,


habit of poesy, would become a poem as well as 23 Alpheus taken with the love of Cynthia, further-fetched grounds, if such as be poets now- not answered with many repulses, pursued her adays would use them.

to her company of virgins, who mocking him, 20 The Philosopher's Stone, or Philosophica cast mire in his face, and drave him away. Medicina, is called the great Elixir, to which Some affirm him to be a flood, some the son of he here alludes.

Parthenia, some the waggoner of Pelops, &c. 21 This of our birth is explained before.

24 Lucifera is her title, and Ignifera : given 22 The double-fathered son is Orion, so called by Euripides, in Iphigenia in Tauris. since he was the son of Jove and Apollo, born 25 The beauty of the mind being signified in of their seed enclosed in a bull's hide, which Ganymede, he here by prosopopoeia, gives a abhorreth not from philosophy (according to man's shape unto it. poets' intentions) that one son should have two 26 Pausanias in Eliacis, affirms it : others that fathers: for in the generation of elements it is she had but three--viz., Peon, which Homer true, since omnia sint in omnibus. He offering calls the gods’ physician, Epeus and Ætolus, violence, was stung of a scorpion to death, for &c. Cicero saith she had none, but only for his which the scorpion's figure was made a sign in love to the study of astrology gave him chaste heaven, as Nicander in Theriacis affirms : kisses. Grandine signatum Titanis at inde puella,

27 Her temple in Ephesus was called her Scorpion immisit qui cuspide surgat acuta :

virgin chamber. Bæoto ut meditata necem fuit Orioni,

28 All these are proper to her as she is Hecate. Impuris ausus manibus quia prendere peplum. Ille Deæ est talum percussit Scorpius illi

Explicit Comment. Sub parvo lapide occultus vestigia propter.


« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »