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VIRGIL'S EPIGRAM OF A GOOD *Whatever subject is, is solid still :

Wound him, and with your tviolent

fingers feel *A GOOD and wise man (such as hardly all parts within him, you shall never find

An empty corner, or an abject mind. Of millions, could be found out by the

He never lets his watchful lights descend, Sun)

To those sweet sleeps that all just men Is Judge himself, of what stuff he is

attend, wrought,

Till all the acts the long day doth beget, And doth explore his whole man to a With thought on thought laid, he doth oft thought.

repeat : Whate'er great men do ; what their saucy Examines what hath past him, as forgot : bawds ;

What deed or word was used in time, What vulgar censure barks at, or ap- what not. plauds :

Why this deed of decorum felt defect? His carriage still is cheerful and secure, Of reason, that? what left I by reglect ? He in himself, worldlike, full, round, and Why set I this opinion down for true,

That had been better changed? Why did Lest, through his polish'd parts, the 11 rue slenderest stain

Need in one poor so, that I felt my mind Of things without, in him should sit and (To breach of her free powers) with grief reign ;

declined? To whatsoever length the fiery Sun, Why will'd I what was better not to Burning in Cancer, doth the daylight

will ? run ;

Why (wicked that I was) preferr'd I still How far soever Night shall stretch her Profit to honesty ? why any one shades,

Gave I a foul word? or but look'd upon When Phoebus gloomy Capricorn in- With countenance churlish? Why should vades;

nature draw He studies still; and with the equal More my affects, than manly reason's beam,

law ? His balance turns ; himself weighs to th'

extreme. Lest any cranny gasp, or angle swell * Sit solidum quodcunque subest, nec inania Through his strict form; and that he may in his sense ; which the pressness and matter

subtus. Subest and subtus Ascens. confounds compel

of this Poem allows not: it being in a TransHis equal parts to meet in such a sphere, lator sooner and better seen than a CommenThat with a scompass tried, it shall not tator. err :

+ He would turn digitis pellentibus to digitis palantibus, to which place the true order is

hard to hit, and that truth in my conversion * The Sun usurped for Apollo, whose Oracle (how opposite soever any way stand) with any being asked for such a man, found only So- conference, I make no doubt I shall persuade.

Miseratus egentem, cur aliquem fracta t Externæ nequid labis per lævia sidat. persensi mente dolorem. Ascens. very judiThis verse Ascensius joins with the next cially makes this good man in this ditty, before, which is othing so; the sense being opposite to a good Christian, since Christ (the utterly repugnant, as any impartial and judicial president of all good men) enjoins us, ut supra conferrer (I suppose) will confirin.

omnia misericordes simus. But his meaning Cogitat, et justo tentina se examine here is, that a good and wise man should not so pensat. This verse is likewise misjoined in the pity the want of any, that he should want order of Ascensius, which makes the period to manly patience himself to sustain it. And his those before.

reason Servius allegeth for him is this, saying : $ I here needlessly take a little licence, for In quem cadit una mentis perturbatio, posse the word is Amussis, the mind of the author in eum omnes cadere : sicut potest omni being as well expressed in a compass.

virtute pollere cui virtus una contigerit.


Through all this thoughts, words, works, Never is cheerful, but when flattery trails thus making way,

On *squatting profit; or when Policy veils And all revolving from the Even till Day: Some vile corruption, that looks red with Angry, with what amiss, abused the light, anguish, Palm and reward he gives to what was Like waving reeds, his wind-shook comright.

forts languish.

Pays never debt, but what he should not A GREAT MAN.

owe ;

Is sure and swift to hurt, yet thinks him *A GREAT and politic man (which I oppose slow. To good and wise) is never as he shows. His bounty is most rare, but when it Never explores himself to find his faults : comes, But cloaking them, before his conscience 'Tis most superfluous, and with strook-up halts.

drums. Flatters himself, and others' flatteries buys, Lest any true good pierce him, with such Seems made of truth, and is a forge of good lies.

As ill breeds in him, mortar made with Breeds bawds and sycophants, and traitors blood, makes

Heaps stone-walls in his heart to keep it To betray traitors ; plays, and keeps the out. stakes.

His sensual faith his soul's truth keeps in Is judge and juror, goes on life and doubt, death :

And, like a rude tunlearn'd Plebeian, And damns before the fault hath any Without him seeks his whole insulting breath.

man. Weighs faith in falsehood's balance ; Nor can endure, as a most dear prospect, justice does

To look into his own life, and reflect To cloak oppression ; tail-like downward Reason upon it, like a Sun still shining, grows;

To give it comfort, ripening and refining ; Earth his whole end is; heaven he mocks, But his black soul, being so deform'd with and hell :

sin, tAnd thinks that is not, that in him doth He still abhors, with all things hid within ; dwell.

And forth he wanders, with the outward Good, with God's right hand given, his fashion, left takes t' evil ;

Feeding, and fatting up his reprobation. When holy most he seems, he most is Disorderly he sets forth every deed, evil.

Good never doing, but where is no need. Ill upon ill he lays ; th' embroidery If any sill he does (and hunts through Wrought on his state, is like a leprosy,

blood The whiter, still the fouler. What his For shame, ruth, right, religion) be withlike,

stood, What ill in all the body politic

The mark'd withstander, his race, kin, Thrives in, and most is cursed, his most least friend, bliss fires,

That never did in least degree offend, And of two ills, still to the worst aspires. He prosecutes, with hired intelligence When his thrift feeds, justice and mercy To fate, defying God and conscience,

fear him, And, Iwolf-like fed, he gnarrs at all men near him.

* This alludeth to hounds upon the trail of a squat Hare, and making a cheerful cry about

her, is applied to the forced cheer or flattery * A great and politic man, such as is, or may this great man showeth when he hunts for his be opposed to good or wise.

profit. + The privation of a good life, and therein Plebeii status et nota est nunquam à seipso the joys of heaven, is hell in this world.

vel damnum expectare, vel utilitatem, sed à * As Wolves and Tigers horribly, gnarr in rebus externis. their feeding, so these zealous and given-over | How a good great man should employ his great ones to their own lusts and ambitions; in greatness. aspiring to them and their ends, fare, to all $ The most unchristian disposition of a great that come near them in competency; or that and ill man in following any that withstand his resist their devouring.





And to the utmost mite he ravisheth Nor any truth knows : knowledge is a All they can yield him, rack'd past life and mean death.

To make him ignorant, and rapts him In all his acts he this doth verify,

clean, The greater man, the less humanity. In storms from truth. For what HippoWhile *Phoebus runs his course through crates, all the signs,

Says of *foul bodies (what most nourishes, He never studies ; but he undermines, That most annoys them) is more true of Blows up, and ruins, with pretext to save;

minds : Plots treason, and lies hid in th' actor's For there, their first inherent gravity grave.

blinds Vast crannies gasp in him, as wide as Their powers prejudicate; and all things hell,

true And angles, gibbet-like, about him swell; Proposed to them, corrupts, and doth Yet seems he smooth and polish'd, but no eschew :

Some, as too full of toil; of prejudice Solid within, than is a medlar's core.

some : The king's frown fells him, like a gun- Some fruitless, or past power to overcome : strook fowl :

With which, it so augments, that he will When down he lies, and casts the calf his soul.

Witht judgment, what he should hold, to He never sleeps but being tired with contemn,

And is incurable. And this is he Examines what past, not enough unjust ; Whose learning forms not life's integrity. Not bringing wealth enough, not state, not This the mere Artist ; the mix'd naturagrace,

list, Not showing misery bed-rid in his face ; With fool-quick memory, makes his hand Not scorning virtue, not depraving her, a fist, Whose ruth so flies him, that her bane's And catcheth flies, and nifles: and retains his cheer.

With hearty study, and unthrifty pains, In short, exploring all that pass his guards, What your composed man shuns. With Each good he plagues, and every ill

these his pen rewards.

And prompt tongue tickles th'ears of vulgar


Sometimes takes matter too, and utters it

With an admired and heavenly strain of wit: A SLEIGHT and mix'd man (set as 'twere Yet with all this, hath humours more than

the mean 'Twixt both the first) from both their heaps Be thrust into a fool, or to a woman. doth glean :

As nature made him, reason came by Is neither good, wise, great, nor politic, chance, Yet tastes of all these with a natural trick. Held her torch to him, cast him in a Nature and Art sometimes meet in his

trance ; parts :

And makes him utter things that (being Sometimes divided are: the austere arts, awake Splint him together, set him in a brake In life and manners) he doth quite forsake. Of form and reading. Nor is let partake He will be grave, and yet is light as air ; With judgment, wit, or tsweetness : but as He will be proud, yet poor even to detime,

spair. Terms, language, and degrees, have let

him climb, To learn'd opinion; so he there doth * Quo magis alantur, eo magis ea lædi. stand,

To be therefore instructed in the truth of Stark as a statue ; stirs not foot nor hand. knowledge, or aspire to any egregious virtue,

not stiff and unjointed Art serves; but he must

be helped besides, benigniore nascendi hora. * This hath reference (as most of the rest According to this of Juvenal :hath) to the good man before, being this man's Pbus etenim fati valet hora benigni, opposite.

Quam si te Veneris commendet epistola | Intending in his writing, &c.



Never sat Truth in a tribunal fit,

Her household's fit provision to see spent, But in a modest, staid, and humble wit. As fits her husband's will, and his conI rather wish to be a natural bred,

sent : Than these great wits with madness Spends pleasingly her time, delighting leavened.

still He's bold, and frontless, passionate, and To her just duty to adapt her will. mad,

Virtue she loves, rewards and honours it, Drunken, adulterous, good at all things And hates all scoffing, bold and idle wit": bad.

Pious and wise she is, and treads upon Yet for one good, he quotes the best in This foolish and this false opinion, pride,

Thât learning fits not women ; since it And is enstyled a man well qualified.

may These delicate shadows of things virtuous Her natural cunning help, and make more then

way Cast on these vicious, pleasing, patch'd-up To light, and close affects ; for so it can men,

Curb and compose them too, as in a Are but the devil's cozenages to blind

man ; Men's sensual eyes, and choke the envied And, being noble, is the noblest mean mind

To spend her time : thoughts idle and And where the *truly learn'd is evermore

unclean God's simple Image and true imitator: Preventing and suppressing ; to which These sophisters are emulators still

end (Cozening, ambitious) of men true in skill. She entertains it; and doth more comTheir imperfections yet are hid in sleight mend Of the felt darkness breathed out by deceit, Time spent in that, than housewiferies' low The truly learn'd is likewise hid, and fails kinds, To pierce eyes vulgar, but with other veils. As short of that, as bodies are of minds. And they are the divine beams truth casts If it may hurt, is power of good less great, round

Since food may lust excite, shall she not About his beauties, that do quite confound eat ? Sensual beholders.' 'Scuse these rare seen She is not Moon-like, that the Sun, her then,

spouse And take more heed of common sleighted Being furthest off, is clear and glorious :

And being near, grows pallid and obscure ;
But in her husband's presence, is most


In all chaste ornaments, bright still with A WOMAN good and fair (which no dame And in his absence, all retired and dim :


With him still kind and pleasing, still the Esteem much easier found than a good

same ; man) Sets not herself to show, nor found would be: Yet with her weeds, not putting off her

shame; Rather her virtues fly abroad than she. Dreams not on fashions, loves no gossips' In place thereof her modest shame goes

But when for bed-rites her attire is gone, feasts, Affects no news, no tales, no guests, no Not with her husband lies, but he with

jests : Her work, and reading writs of worthiest And in their love-joys doth so much prefer Her husband's pleasure, well-taught chil- Her husband, when her daughter present is.

Modest example, that she will not kiss deren :

When a just husband's right he would

enjoy, * The truly learned imitateth God, the She neither flies him, nor with moods is sophister emulateth man. His imperfections coy. are hid in the mists imposture breathes; the One of the light dame savours, th' other other's perfections are unseen by the brightness

shows truth casts about his temples, that dazzle ignorant and corrupt beholders or appre

Pride, nor from love's ingenuous humour henders.





her ;

men :

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And as *Geometricians approve

Leaves dancing, music; and at every That lines, nor superficies do move

Themselves, but by their bodies' motions Studies to please ; and does it from her

So your good woman never strives to As greatness in a Steed, so dignity

Needs in a woman, curb, and bit, and
Strong in her own affections and delights, eye.
But to her husband's equal appetites, If once she weds, she's two for one before ;
Earnests and jests, and looks' austerities, Single again, she never doubles more.
Herself in all her subject powers applies.
Since life's chief cares on him are ever

tin cares she ever comforts, undismay'd,
Though her heart grieves, her looks yet DESPISE base gain; mad Avarice hurts
makes it sleight,

the mind; Dissembling evermore without deceit.

Ye wise, shun fraud ; believe the learn'd,
And as the twins of learn'd Hippocrates,

ye blind.
If one were sick, the other felt disease : At play put passions down, as moneys
If one rejoiced, joy th' other's spirits fed :
If one were grieved, the other sorrowed :

He plays secure, whose trunks hold crowns $So fares she with her husband ; every

to spare : thought

Who brings all with him, shall go out Weighty in him, still watch'd in her, and

with none;

A greedy gamester ever ends undone.
And as those that in Elephants delight, Peace holy is to men of honest minds ;
Never come near them in weeds rich and If ye will play, then curb your warring

Nor Bulls approach in scarlet ; since those No man wins always. It shames man's

true worth, Through both those beasts enraged affects Of but three Furies, to fare like a fourth. diffuse;

Correct your earnest spirits, and play inAnd as from Tigers men the Timbrel's

deed ; sound

At staid years be not moved ; ne'er play
And Cymbal's keep away ; since they for need.

Thereby in fury and their own flesh tear ;
So when t' a good wife, it is made appear VIRGIL'S EPIGRAM OF WINE
That rich attire and curiosity

In wires, tires, shadows, do displease the

BE not enthrall'd with wine, nor women's
Of her loved husband; music, dancing, love,

For both by one means hurt; as women Offence in him ; she lays by all those prove weeds,

Means to effeminate, and men's powers

* Geometræ dicunt, lineas et superficies, So doth the too much indulgence of wine,
non seipsis moveri, sed motus corporum comi- Staggers the upright steps a man should
tari. [The same simile is used in almost the take,
same words by Tamyra towards the close of Dissolves his nerves, and makes his goers
the first Act of The Revenge of Bussy D'Am-

+ A good wife in most cares should ever un-

Blind love makes many all their thoughts dismayed comfort her husband.

express, [: This simile is twice used by Chapman in Whose like effect hath brainless drunkenhis Plays; by Strozza in the fourth Act of The Gentleman Usher, and by Honour in The Wild Cupid oft beats up war's stern alarms, Masque of the Middle Temple (1613), almost As oft fierce Bacchus calls our hands to in the words of the text.)

arms. & A good wife watcheth her husband's serious thoughts in his looks, and applies her own to Dishonest Venus made Mars Ilion sease : them.

And Bacchus lost with wine the Lapithes.


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