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74 90 Waterford,

107
149
204

460

29
51

88

24

OUTGAMIE COUNTY.
Borino,
Centre,
Dale,
Embarass,
Ellington,
Freedom,
Grand Chute,
Granville,
Hortonia,
Kankanna,

54
118
625
140

96
423

1524

OZAUKEE COUNTY.
Belgium,
Cedarburgh,
Fredonia,
Grafton,
Mequon,
Port Washington,
Saukville,

App'nt. RACINE COUNTY. No. Child'n. App'at.
$54 60 Burlington,

443

310 10
32 20 Caledonia,

666

466 20
77 00 Dover,

414

289 80
147 70 Mt. Pleasant, 412

309 40
42 70 Norway,

359

251 30
Racine,

437

305 90
$354 20 Racine City, 3015

2110 50
Raymond,

499

349 30
Rochester,

363

254 10
509

356 30
104 30
Yorkville,

439
142 80

307 30

7586 $5310 20
322 00 Richland County.
Buena Vista,

555

888 50
20 30 Eagle,

54

37 80
35 70 Forest,

116

81 20
61 60 Marshall,

16 80
Richland,

240

168 00
37 80 Richmond,

261

182 70
82 60 Richwood,

170

119 00
367 50 Rockbridge,

143

100 10
98 00 Willon,

85

59 50
67 20
296 10

1648

1153 60
Rock COUNTY.
1066 80
Avon,

314

219 80
Beloit,

1385

969 50
615 30 Bradford,

356

249 20
562 80 Centre,

375

262 50
335 30 Clinton,

514

359 80
413 00 Fulton,

491

343 70
835 80 Harmony,

291

203 70
438 90 Janesville,

283

198 10
332 50 Janesville City, 2022

1415 40
Johnstown,

471

329 70
3533 60 La Prairie,

198

138 60
Lima,

401

280 70
Magnolia,

446

312 20
104 30
Milton,

495

846 50
140 00
Newark,

415

290 50
Plymouth,

363

254 10
244 30
Porter,

452

316 40
Rock,

354

247 80
64 40 Spring Valley, 351

345 70
Turtle,

470

329 00
46 90 Union,

.602

421 40
70 00
124 60

11049

7734 30
154 00 SAUK COUNTY.

620

434 00
Deltona,

236

165 20
258

180 60
Fairfield,

190

133 00
-, Franklin,

164

114 80

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879
804
479
590
1194
627
475

5048

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PORTAGE COUNTY.
Almond,
Amherst,
Buena Vista,
Grand Rapids,
Plover,
Stevens' Point,
Stockton,

67
100
178
220

55

38 50 Barraboo,
498 40 Freedom

712

POLK COUNTY.

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$229 60

71 40
46 90

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347 90

$98 70

317 10
276 50
431 90
378 70
188 30
539 70
382 20
282 80
305 20
252 00
193 20
407 40
375 20
276 50
297 50
348 60
485 10

265 30 Spring Prairie,

$98 70 St. Croix County.
305 90 Hudson,

328
189 70 Kinpickinnic, 102
354 90 Rush River,

67
158 20
217 10

497
814 30 TREMPELEAC COCYTY.
258 30 Montoville,

141
157 50 Gile,

60 20 Walworth County.
103 60 Bloomfield,

453
Darien,

395
$3276 00 Delavan,

617
East Troy,

541
45 50 Elkhorn

269
Geneva,
Hudson,

546
154 00
La Fayette,

404
266 00
La Grange,

436
201 60
Lima,

360
175 70
Richmond,

276
337 40

582
Sharon,
270 90

536

395
288 40 Sugar Creek,

425
Tror,
192 50
Walworth,

498
587 30
Whitewater,

693
314 30
149 10

8197
304 50
285 60 WASHINGTON County.
173 50 Addison,

480
109 90 Barton,

396
Erin,

532
4076 10 Farmington,

512
Germantown, 959
39 90 Hartford,

726
Jackson,

570
Kewashkum,

266
212 10 Polk,

792
295 40 Richfield,

839
301 70 Trenton,

497
395 50 Wayne,

375
378 70 West Bend,

387
326 90
173 60

7331
295 20 WAUKESHA COUXTY,
365 40 Brookfield,

746
203 70 Delafield,

378
28 70
Eagle,

498
586

565
601 30 Menomonee,

782

531
161 70 Muskego,

535
Mukwanego,

523
5034 40, New Berlin,

649

4680
DovoLASS CoryTY.
No organized Towns 65
GreeS COUNTY.
Adams,

220
Albany,

380
Brooklyn,

288
Cadiz,

251
Clarno,

482
Decatur,

387
Exeter,

379
Jefferson,

412
Jordan,

275
Monroe,

839
Mt. Pleasant,

449
New Glarus,

213
Spring Grove, 435
Sylvester,

408
Washington,

248
York,

157

5823
SHAWANO COUNTY.
Shawapo,

57
SHEBOYGAN COUNTY.
Abbot,

303
Greenbush,

422
Herman,

431
Holland,

565
Lima,

541
Lyndon,

467
Mitchel,

218
Mosel,

336
Plymouth,

522
Rhine,

291
Russell,

41
Scott,

329
Sheboygan,

277
Sheboygan Falls,

859
Sheboygan City,

1329
Wilson,

231

5737 90

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336 00
277 20
372 40
358 40
671 30
508 20
399 00
186 20
554 40
587 30
347 90
262 50
270 90

5131 70

230 30 Genesee,
193 90 Lisbon,

522 20
261 10
348 60
410 20
395 50
547 40
871 70
374 50
366 10
454 30

930 30 Merton,

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WAUPACA County.
Amherst,
Centreville,
Dayton,
Embarass,
Farmington,
Iola,
Lind,
Muckwa,
Scandinavia,
Waupaca,
Weyauwega

113

73 236 135

205 314

97

1354 WAUSHARA County. Adario,

106 Colonia, Dakota,

130 Leon,

163 Marion,

152 Mt. Morris,

78 Oasis,

142 Ontario,

160 Plainfield,

86 Poysippi,

51 Sacramento,

256 Warren,

135 Wautoma

218

79 10

LETTER OF P. R. HOY.
51 10
165 20

RACINE, Sept. - 1855. 94 50

Hon. A. C. Barry, State Superintendent 143 501 of Public Instruction. 219 80

Dear Sir:--This is in answer to yours 947 80

of a recent date, in which you solicited

my views on the following questions:74 20/" What place in importance should phys67 90

ical education occupy in public schools ?" 91 00 114 10

“What are the conditions that can be 106 40 controlled by public schools, which are

54 60 best calculated to secure a sound, vigor99 40 ous physical body ?" 112 00 60 20

To the first I answer that all we know 85 70 of the mind is through the body; hence 179 20

physical education must, from necessity, 94 50 152 60 underlie all else; and without a healthy,

well developed body there can be no last1241 80 ing intellectual greatness : for just in pro

portion to the perfection of the body, will 221 90 148 40

be the value of its intellectual and moral 203 70 manifestations. 181 80

That system of education is all wrong, 201 60 that does not have a direct tendency to 210 00 261 10 strengthen, invigorate and beautify the

86 80 animal system, as well as to enlighten the 410 90 understanding, and regulate the emotions 667 10 and disposition of the heart.

95 20 452 20

How many fatal errors are committed 224 70 by vain parents, and injudicious teachers 815 00 in directing all their efforts to excite, stim191 10 ulate and precociously develop tñe minds 157 50

of the young, to the neglect of their phys4028 50 ical nature! In a perfect system of edu

1774 WINNEBAGO COUNTY. Algoma,

817 Black Wolf

212 Clayton,

291 Nedenskum,

259 Nekimi,

288 Neenah,

300 Menasha,

373 Oshkosh,

124 Omro,

587 Oshkosh City,

953 Poygan,

136 Rushford,

646 Utica,

321 Vinland,

450 Winneconne,

273 Winchester,

225

6755

cation, the three fold nature in man would it exerts a large influence over his physibe harmoniously developed; then we cal development, which has been too might have men and women physically much neglected. Of this I shall only healthy and beautiful; intellectually, with here speak. In a perfect state of things, minds active and enlightened, capable of every individual would be perfectly beaugreat and lasting mental efforts; morally tiful. There can be no physical perfection firm and dignified in the right. without it; for beauty is the normal con

Your second interrogatory corers a wide dition; hence, health and beauty are sy. and important field. I can only touch anonymous; then just so far as we bring few points, in a communication necessa- man back to his primitive, God-like conrily quite too limited to do justice to the dition, we restore him to beauty and subject.

health. School Houses.-The school buildings It can be shown that erery nation or should be architecturally tasteful, located class of people, remarkable for beauty of in not only the most healthy, but the person or feature, is not only surrounded most picturesque and charming spot to be by the beautiful, but has also a cultivated found within the district; with ample taste for these objects. This fact can be grounds attached, ornamented with trees, accounted for by that wonderful someflowering shrubs and plants, arranged with t.ing we call sympathy,—that something taste.*

which assimilates us to, and makes us a The furniture should be ornamental, as part of those objects and beings by which well as convenient; the rooms hung with we are surrounded. Where then should paintings, engravings and maps, executed we expect to find the most beautiful perin the best manner. The buildings and sons? Where but in ancient Greece and their surroundings, should present noth-Rome, in modern Italy, Spain and France ing to the eye but delightful and pleasing and among the better class of Germans objects, from the contemplation of which and English; just where we find in prothe mind would return satisfied, to make iusion the beauties of art and nature, in us better, more contented and happy, - connection with the most universal culti. quickening our sympathies--filling the vation of a refined taste, for whatever is mind with imagery of beauty and taste; grand, lovely, beautiful and graceful. for man in contemplating the beautiful in The emotions of taste can only be known artand nature, not only finds a delightful by being felt; and can no more be acenjoyment of an elevating charaeter, but quired without our being placed in suitable is profited by the influence these emo- circumstances,—that is surrounding ourtions exert on his physical nature. The selves with the beautiful or sublime, influence that the beautiful exerts over than a knowledge of music could be ac man is well known; but aside from this, quired without ever having heard a musi

cal tone. # Some fifteen miles from Racine, last sum It is a physiological law that any immer, I passed a 'school house located on the very margin of a marshy, miasniatic swamp;

pression upon our form or features, long and not twenty feet from the door I noticed continued, becomes fixed and permanent some urchins, with rolled up paots, engaged in Exhibit to a child an offensive object, one the double occupation of capturing tad-poles and catehing the fever and ugue. Some pub- calculated to excite disgust or dislike and lic spirited, benevolent person, (?) donated to mark the expression of disquiet and loaththis districtthis site for a school house; it being worthless for any thing else.

ing. Now substitute an object of an op,

posite character, one suited to excite of the blood, thereby favoring a harmonipleasurable sensations, what a change ! - ous development of every tissuc; for the the eyes now sparkle and fairly dance with ultimate nutrition of the body, and calordelight; the face is all radiant with hap- ifaction of the blood, are only effected piness and beauty. Should these impres- within the capillaries. It follows then, if sions be long continued or frequently the circulation be retarded or cut off in repeated, they will be daguerreotyped on any part, nutrition of that part will dimthe dial of the soul-the human face di- inish or cease in the same ratio. Exervine. We have such examples in great cise, to be the most profitable, should call abundance. Look at the squalid poor : into action, not only the entire muscular their children at birth very often have the system, but for the time must completely elements of beauty in a considerable de- engage the mind. Among the conditions gree; but by dwelling continually amidst that can be controlled, essential to insure coarse and disgusting objects, they grow the full physical benefit of exercise, are an up with that stereotyped quirk of the opportunity and a sufficient inducement upper lip and nose, which makes them for action. In childhood, when the funclook as though their olfactories were per- tions of assimilation are the most active, petually being offended. The shanty and and exercise is the most demanded, the its surroundings has become a part of opporturity should be given several times their existence; and its influence is stamp- a day to inhale the pure air, start a fresh ed upon their faces. Take one of these and active pulse, and relieve the aching children while young, and surround it capillaries. Ample room and opportunity with elegance, cultivate its taste, and you are all that is generally necessary to in. will be surprised at the lack of resem- cure the full benefit of exercise for chilblance to its parents. In proof I can pointuren, fresh from the hand of God, orerto individual cases that would be quite flowing with animal spirits. With minds satisfactory to the most skeptical, If such easily directed they rush with their whole a change be effected in the first genera- soul, mind's, lungs, feet and hands into tion, what ought we not to expect if such their childish sports. But with persons influences were continued for a series of of riper years, the case is quite different, generations

they require amusements more rational, VENTILATION.— Without pure unadul- to divert the mind, while the body is terated air, there can be no health-it is being invigorated. For such, gymnastic of the very first importance; it plays a exercise will be of much value; for that prominent part in all the phenomena of precision of action which distinguishes life. But so much has been written, and gymnastic from coinmon, loose, irregular, well written too, on the subject of ventila- random movements, compels the mind to ting school houses, that I will only here be directed with accuracy on the muscular record my voice in support of that system effort. Those free gymnastic exercises, of ventilation which will secure the most which require no technical apparatus or constant, and abundant supply of pure machinery are all sufficient to ensure the fresh air.

harmonious development of the body.EXERCISE. —Daily exercise in the open They ought to be introduced into the play air is essential to the best health ; it ex- grounds of every school, especially if sitpands the chest, equalizes the c.rculation uated in the large towns and cities.

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