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done through wise counsel and effectual aid on their behalf, will tell with power upon every vital interest. Every good work, every true reform, will be promoted thereby. What shall tend more than earthly agency beside, to basten the removal of those evils which oppress and distress society, is right education, developing. training, disciplining the immortal through its mortal mediums; and through this development of the soul's divine faculties, wielding its resistless power on human institutions, and human errors and wrongs, and working out the politibal, social and moral salvation of all lands beneath the sun.

A. CONSTANTINE BARRY.

And then we had a “spelling-match,"

And learned the sounds of A-
The months and weeks that made the year.

The hours that made the day.
And on that day we saw her smile-

No other time smiled she
'Twas when she told us learnedly

When next “ leap-year" would be.
Alas, kind soul, though leap-year camo

And went full mapy a time,
In "single blessedness" she toiled

Till far beyond her prime.
But now, indeed, her toils are o'er,

Her lessons are all said,
Her rules well learned, her words well spelled-

She's gone up to the head.

LOVE AND DUTY.

SCHOOLS OF THE OLDEN TIME.

There is a voice within me

And 'tis so sweet a voice
That its soft lispings win me,

Till tears start to my eyes
Deep from my soul it springeth,

Like hilden melody,
And ever more it singeth

This song of songs to me :
"This world is full of beauty,

As other Worlds ahove,
And if we did our duty,
It might be full of love."

- London Times.

The Schools—the schools of other days!

Those were the schools for me ;
When, in a frock and trowsers dressed,

I learned my ABC.
When, with my dinner in my hat,

I trudged away to school:
Nor dared to stop, as boys do now,-

For school-ma'ams had a rule.
With locks well combed, and face so clean,

(Boys washed their faces then,) And å "stick-horse" to ride upon

What happy little men. And it a traveler we met.

We threw no sticks and stones
To fright the borses as they passed,

Or break good people's bones
But, with our hats beneath our arms,

We bent our he ds full low:
For ne'er the school-ma'am failed to ask,

“Boys, did you make a bow ?" And all the little girls with us

Would courtesy full low,
And hide their ankles 'neath their gowns-

Girls don't have ankles now.
We stole no fruit, nor tangled grass ;

We played no noisy games,
And when we spoke to older folks,

Put handles on their names.
And when the hour for school had come-

Of bell we had no need
The school-ma'am's rap npon the glass

Each one would quickly heed
The school-ma'am-Heaven bless her name-

When shall we meet her like?
She always wore a green calash,

A calicu vandyke.
She never sported pantalets,

No silks on her did rustle,
Her dress huug gracefully all around-

She never wore a bustle.
With modest mien and loving heart

Her daily task was done,
And true as needle to the pole,

The next one was begun.
The days were all alike to her,

The evenings just the game,
And neither brought a change to us,

Till Saturday forenoon came.

COMMON Schools, Massachusetts, where the common-school system prevails, with a population of 994,504, had in 1854 but 1,861 native-born adults who could not read or write; while Virginia, which is without the system, with a population less than one-half greater, had 77,005 whites who could not read. Louisiana, with a population of 255,491 whites, had 21,221 natives who could not read or write; while New York, with a white population of 3,948,225, had only 10,670

Exocgji AT HOME.-Every man has in his own life follies enough, in his own mind trouble enough, in his own heart imperfection enough, in the performance of his duties deficiencies enough, in his own fortunes evil enough, without being curious after the affairs of others.

Opinions.—Opinions, says D'Aubigne in his history of the Reformation, make their silent progress like the waters that trickłe behind our rocks and loosen them from the mountains on which they rest; suddenly the hidden operation is reveal

ed, and a single day suffices to lay bare the work of years, if not of centuries.

Editor's Department,

meeting. The objects of the meeting having been stated by the Chair, on motion of G. S.

Dodge Esq., J. G. McMynn of Racine was elecet The origin of this Journalis explained ted Local or Principal Editor.

On motion of G. S. Dodge, the Local Editor by the following from the proceedings of the

was empowered to contract with resposible men Wisconsin State Teachers' Association, at its for the printing and publication of the Journal last annual meeting:

-tuo thousand copies, pot inferior in style and

workmanship to the “Rhode Island SchoolSECOND DAY.-The consideration of an Ed

master.” ucational Journal, as an Organ of this Associ

G. S. Dodge Esq., then tendered his resignaation, being first in order, a resolution for the tion as one of the Editors of the Journal, of appointment of a committee to confer with the which a minute was ordered. proprietors of the Educational Journal of Wis.

On motion of A. C. Spicer, the following consin, publised at Janesville, to ascertain up- name was adopted for the Journal—“Wisconon what condition that Journal could be made sin Journal of Education." the organ of this Association, was adopted. The Local Editor was then elected Treasurer

The editors of that Journal being present, ex- of the Board. plained the present condition of that paper, and

A. J. CRAIG, Ch'n. expressed their willingness to acquiesce in what

A. C. SPICER, Sec'y. ever arrangements the Association might see fit

The resignation of Mr. DODGE was regretted to adopt in respect thereto.

C. Childs, J. L. Pickard and W. C. Dustin by many friends of education. The ability with were appointed that committee.

which he had edited the “ Wisconsin EducaThe committee on Educational Journal reported that the publishers of the Wisconsin Ed- tional Journal” had secured for him the confiucational Journal proposed to give their paper dence of a large circle of friends. into the hands of the Association at the close of its first volume, and the following resolutions

LAWRENCE UNIVERSITY. From the Sixth were adopted :

Annual Catalogue, we learn that this institution Resolred, 1st. That the thanks of this As40

is in a very flourishing condition. ciation be tendered to the Editors of the Wisconsin Educational Journal for their efforts in

The numbers in the various classes and debehalf of our cause, and for their great liberal-partments are as follows: ity in placing the Journal, without pecuniary

GENTLEMEN.-Juniors, 5; Sophomores, 11; consideration, in the hands of the Association. Freshmen, 24. Gentlemen in College Classes,

Resolred, 2d. That this Association cordial- 40; in preparatory Department, 199. Total, ly aceepts the Journal, and invites the co-ope- 239. ration of Teachers in its support.

LADIES.—Third Year, 5; Second Year, 6; Perolred, 3d. That nine persons be appointed First Year, 13. Ladies in College Classes, 24; as editors, with full power to make all arrange- in Preparatory Department, 182. Total, 206. ments connected with editing or publishing the Total Ladies and Gentlemen, 445. Journal, and that this Association is pledged to sustain it--adopted.

Rev. ¡EDWARD COOKE, D. D., President;After the adoption of the above resolutions, Rev. Wilson E. Cobleigh, A. M., Prof. of Lanthanks where returned by G. S. Dodge, Esq., guages; Rev. Russel 2. Mason, A. M., Prof. one of the editors of the W. E. Journal, for the Mathematics; Rev. W. H. Sampson, Instruccourtesy and favor shown towards that Journal by the Association.

tor in Mathematics; Hiram A. Jones, A. B., W.C. Dustin, M. P. Kinney and W. Van Classical Tutor; Wm. H. Gill, Teacher in the Ness were appointed a committee to nominate English Department. Editors of the Educational Journal. The committee to nominate Editors, reported

THE ILLINOIS TEACHER,—C. E. Hovey Edthe names of Geo. S. Dodge, J. L. Pickard, D. Y. Kilgore, J. G. MeMynn, A. J. Craig, W. C. itor, Peoria, III.-We have received a prospectDustin. A. C. Spicer, W. Van Ness and V. But- us of this Journal, and we feel confident that ler, who were elected.

under the charge of its present Editor it will The following is from the prooceedings of a sustain the good reputation that the first volmeeting of the Editors above mentioned : At a meeting of the Editors appointed by the

We would recommend to our teachers to subState Teachers Association convened at Milton, scribe first for their own Journal, and then for the pursuant to call of the Chairman, Messrs. A. J. Mlinois Teacher-and we will acknowledge that Craig, W. C. Dustin, G. S. Dodge and A. C. Spicer being present, A. J. Craig was appoin- we are somewhat selfish in giving our own the ted Chairman and A. C. Spicer, Secretary of the preference. Success to our friends in Illinois.

ume won.

2

EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES. MILWAUKE F-MALK (OLLAR-ANUAL MEETING.

The Annual meeting of the Board of Trustees of the American Journal of Education, Hartford, Ct.

Milwaukee Female College, was held on Saturuny eveAmerican Journal of Elucation anil College Re- ning Feb. 23 at the office of Messrs. Waldo ana Cuy. view, New York.

PRES-11.--- Messrs. Lapham. Maldo, Ilolton, New. Massachusetts Teacher, Boston.

hall, Comstock Medberry, Cummings, Wm. E. Cram.

er, Rogers, Grant and Van Dyke. Connecticut Common School Journal and Annals

The meeting was called t, order hy the President. of Education, New Britain, Ct.

The minutes of last meeting were read and approved. Rhode Isiand Schoolm ister, Providence, R. I. The election of officers for the year being in order, New York Teacher, Albany, N. Y.

Mesere Holton and VanDyke were appointed tellers.

The result of the election was as follows:
Pennsylvania School Journal, Lancaster, Pa.

I. A. LAPHAM, President; 0. II WALDO, Vice Presi-
Ohio Journal of Education, Columbus, O. dent; E.D HOLTON, Treasurer: R. MENZIE", Secretary.
Michigan Journal of Education and Teachers' Audting Committee--Comstock. Medbery Rogers,

Executive Commitee-Laphan, Waldo, Lynder.
Magazine, Detroit, Mich.

--Milwaukee American.
Illinois Teacher, Peoria, Ill.
Indiana School Journal, Indianapolis Ia.

BOOK TABLE
Wisconsin Journal of Education, Racine, Wis.

We understand that the citizens of Watertown are TEACHERS' LIBRARY. This consists of Northend's about to consolidate their districts; erect two fine Teacher and Parent, Page's Theory and Practice of school houses : organize their school system by the Teaching, Mansfield on American Education, De Tocappointment of a School Superintendent and a School queville's American Institutions and Davies Logic of Board, and mako such general arrangements as will Mathematics, and is published by A. S. BAUNES & Co., place them educationally where they are now pecuni. New York. arily - among the first cities in the State.

These books are standard works on the subjects

which they profess to discusg. And together with At Beloit there will be erected during the next sum. Davies Dictionary of Mathematics, ought to form a mer a School edifice for another Union School, which

part of the library of every teacher.
it is said will surpass anything of the kind in the
State.

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE SEA.-Lieut. MAUTY A few days since, about twenty of the Milwaukee has enrolled his name in the list of the best scholars Teachers visited the Racine Schools. The interview of the Age, by preparing this work. He deserves was pleasant and profitable. Would teachers more what he has secured--the respect of his countrymen. frequently visit each other, the effects would be seen Get the work – study it. Published by HARPER &

BROTHERS. in more of sympathy and successful effort.

The citizens of Waukesha have erected one of the MCNALLY's System of Geography.-Some of the claims best School edifices in the tate. It is built of stone of this work are: Ist, The definitions are explicit, -two stories high, and finished in the best manner; 2nd, The exercises on the map are systematically arthe High School room is one of the most beautiful ranged and on the page opposite the map, 3rd, The

we have seen. It is furnished in good descriptive matter is well chosen, ath, The difficult taste. Mr. A. A. GRIFFITH is Principal.

names are pronounced on the pages where they first

occur, and 5th, The maps are accurate and the illus. A gentleman of experience in teaching wishes to trations beautiful. take charge of a Union School.

Several new works on Geography have been pub Address this Journal.

lished during the last two years, and great improvements have been made

This work has passed unThe teachers and friends of Education in Wine.

der the eye of good teachers and is worthy the attenbago County have organized a County Associati' n.

tion of School officers. Its typographical appearance The following persons were chosen officers for the epsuing year President MARTIN MITCHELL, Esq. of is creditable to the publishers, A. S. BARNES & Co., N. Oshkosh ; Vice President, the Superintendents of the York. several towns in the county: Secretary, C. W.FL. KER, of Oshk. sh. On the executive commitee, there

Treatise on Punctuation, by John Wilson, publishwere ten elected. Several reports adopted.

J. E. MUNGER, of Osbkosh. favored the Association ed hy Crosby, Nichols & Company, Boston,
with an able address Subject-"Teachers of the

We thought, as we opened this work, of some old
Past and Present;" it was multum in parvo. Ad.
journed until April. - Milwaukee American.

German, who wrote a huge volume on a Greek particle

but we were soon interested, and we found its peru. The District School of Beaver Dam, now numbers sal profitable. There are comparatively few rules nearly three hundred scholars, under an excellent but numerous examples. It is a good work and state of management and discipline Mr. Harvey, the Principal, deserves great credit for his able manage ought to be generally read, and it should be studied ment of this institution.-Milwaukes Sentinel. by teachers.

rooms

1

WISCONSIN

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.

VOLUME I.-APRIL, 1856.-NUMBER II.

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THE OFFICE OF THE TEACHIER. — ITS|ly marked with ths indications of their fuDUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES. ture affinities. Upon one, nature has been

prodigal of brawn, of rude muscular force. An Address, delicered by Horace Rubler All around him the great world sends out

before the Wisconsin State Teachers' her invitations to labor. There are stones Association, at their Second Annual to be listed, forests to be hewn down, and Vieting, held in the City of Rucine. all manner of ditching, and grading, and

grubbing for him. Upon another the NIIE quaint and genial old trout-fisher, great Master bestows the cunning hand of

Walton, in magnifying his favorite the artificer; and he, too, finds a hearty diversion, declares that angling is an Art; welcome and a boundless field for the emand insists that he who hopes to become ployment of his skill. There are houses a good angler "must not only bring an and ships to be built, machinery, utensils, inquiring, searching, observing wit, but trinkets, toys, articles of use and ornahe must bring a large measure of hope ment without end, to be wrought. To and patience, and a lore and propensity to this man she gives the love of gain, the the art itself, but having once got and enterprise and tact of the merchant; to: practiced it, then doubt not but an- this the quick, keen perceptions, the gling will prove to be so pleasant, that it shrewd and wiry intellect, the grasp will prove to be, like Virtue, a reward to of details and hard, dry facts, requisite for itself,"

the mastery of the nice, sharp quillets of What is thus asserted of the art of an- the law; to this the selfish and vulpine gling, may be applied, with more or less nature, so characteristic, whether essenpropriety, to all the legitimate arts and tial or not, of the thorough-bred politician. employments which exercise the patience She has other and nobler endowments and call forth the energies and skill of the than these. Ignorance, sorrow and sufhuman intellect.

fering are in the world; and great intelEach member of society, by an original lects are created and placed under the dobent of mind, or by circumstances which minion of a divine philanthrophy, that have molded and given direction to his reaches out to the ends of the earth, and inclinations, is fitted for some peculiar encircles the whole family of man, as the sphere of usefulness. This at least is the Ocean clasps the great globe in his shingeneral rule. There may be some excep- ing arms. There are immortal yearnings tions. There is, occasionally, an individ- kindled in the human heart after the good ual whose qualifications are such as to the beautiful and true; and now and puzzle human ingenuity to designate any then, once in a thousand years perhaps, part in the drama of life in which his ser- humanity blossoms into the true artist or vices would be found of particular value. poet, who translates our emotions and The great mass of men, however, are car- vague forebodings into an universal lan

guage, lighting up our pathways with it for such other part in life as circumthe radiance of genius and charming our stances may render desirable. This can pained footsteps over the burning marle, , be effected in some degree at least by the by climpses, faint although they may be, faithful and skillful teacher--when the of that supreme and eternal beauty which right man gets in the teacher's place.was the dream of the Grecian poet-phi- Great is the responsibility, weighty the losopher.

mission of those whose task it is to assist With so much to be done, with adap- in forming and directing for future good tations so infinitely varied, it is extremely or ill, the expanding faculties of the imimportant that the right men should get mortal soul.—those into whose hands is in the right places. This is a grand de- placed the plastic mind of childhood to be sideratum of the present and all past ages, fashioned and moulded to the form in the thing in which society fails most fre- which it shall harden and put on the fixed quently and most lamentably. The de- and distinct outlines of maturity. If good sire to act in a given capacity is often old Isaac Walton's "excellent art of anmistaken for the ability to do so. This gling," which he commends so warmly, crror frequently leads to serious difficul- demand such keen qualities of intellect as ties. Our brawny friend whose mission he would fain have us believe, so “large a would seem to be a direct encounter with measure of hope and patience," conjoined material nature and the raw fabric, to to a love and propensity to the art itself, hew down the forests and make some lit-in what still higher degree are similar tle portion of the earth's surface more qualities necessary in those who devote smooth and green and fair to look upon themselves to the infinitely more excelmay possibly be found in the tape and lent and noble art of educating youth ?ribon traffic. Our mercantile man gets The effort that has been making for some in the wrong place and passes for a poor years past, and of which this Association stick. Our ingenious worker, ignoring is an outgrowth, to elevate the position the example of Tubal-Cain, attempts law of the School Teacher, to widen the field or thcology, grows seedy and sad, and is of his required attainments, to enlarge the voted an ass or a bore. The man with a boudaries of his usefulness, is one which legal turn of mind gets thrust into some commends itself to the favor of every inposition where his peculiar adaptations telligent, reflecting mind. Great as has are as useless to him as were the quiddets been the influence of our system of puband quillets of that supposititious lawyer lic schools, beneficent as they have provto the scull which furnished Ilamlet mat- ed in their results, the good that has ter for such “curious" musing. The fowed from them in the past, is comparphilanthropist is not unfrequently "dead tively insignificant to what they may be broke," and consequently unable to carry made to effect. Not until the vocation of into practice his commendable designs, the teacher shall be recognized as a prowhile the poet, like Apollo of old, is fession, as a legitimate and honorable callforced to become a rough-hand man of ing, to which men and women may deall-work for some wealthy and prosaic vote their permanent and chief attention, Admetus, who cares more for his flocks their best energies, and for success in and herds than for all the poetry ever which there shall be requisite, not only a sung or written, with the nine Muses wide and thorough intellectual culture, thrown into the bargain.

but at least some trifling mixture of adapOne object of education is, or should be, tation, will the most valuable harvests beto guard against such misdirected effort, gin to be reaped from our common school such worse than useless expenditure of system. There have been too many Ichpower; to become acquainted with the abod Cranes in the business. It has been bent and capacities of the pupil; and ei- too much given over to those whom accither to fit him for that sphere of action dent or necessity has led to engage in it which seems best adapted to his native as a temporary means of support. The inclination, or, by an early and thorough race is not extinct yet. Even in those diversion of his faculties, in a different di- States where the reformatory efforts of rection, to re-mould the mind to some ex- the friends of education have been of the tent, to develope new powers, and to fit longest and most persistent continuance,

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